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Abbreviation: PTZ
Appearance Frequency: 2339 time(s)
Long forms: 57

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
pentylenetetrazol
(2140 times)
Neurology
(757 times)
MES (203 times)
i.p (102 times)
GABA (87 times)
1969 [Influence of pentetrazol (PTZ), dimorpholamine (DMP) and trans-pi-oxocamphor (t-pi-oc) on the ventricular pacemaker of guinea pigs].
phenothiazine
(72 times)
Chemistry
(40 times)
PDI (7 times)
D-B-A (5 times)
TBZ (5 times)
1984 Low-dosage phenothiazine in the prophylaxis of trichostrongylid infection in calves.
piperacillin-tazobactam
(31 times)
Communicable Diseases
(8 times)
AKI (5 times)
CI (5 times)
ESBL (4 times)
1997 High rates of resistance to piperacillin/tazobactam among Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated in a Greek hospital.
pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
MES (9 times)
EP (1 time)
mPFC (1 time)
1991 Excitatory amino acid antagonists and pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures during ontogenesis. II. The effects of MK-801.
pentazocine
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
BBB (4 times)
IPM (3 times)
P-gp (2 times)
1997 Pharmacokinetics of pentazocine and its occupancy of opioid receptors in rat brain.
pan-tilt-zoom
(8 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
CIR (1 time)
DCR (1 time)
DOF (1 time)
2006 Dynamic calibration of pan-tilt-zoom cameras for traffic monitoring.
pretazettine hydrochloride
(4 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
6-TG (1 time)
ABC (1 time)
ADR (1 time)
1978 Therapeutic activity of pretazettine on Rauscher leukemia: combination of antiviral activity and cellular protein inhibition.
prior to pentylenetetrazole
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
3,5-DBr-L-Phe (1 time)
AP7 (1 time)
EAF (1 time)
1984 Neural mechanisms in cardiac arrhythmias associated with epileptogenic activity: the effect of phenobarbital in the cat.
pantoprazole
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
BCRP (1 time)
CST (1 time)
2005 A flow-injection biamperometric method for determination of pantoprazole in pharmaceutical tablets.
10  pentetrazole-induced
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CBD (1 time)
CBG (1 time)
MES (1 time)
2000 Anticonvulsant activity of p-chlorophenyl substituted arylsemicarbazones--the role of primary terminal amino group.
11  anti-pentylenetetrazol
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DZP (1 time)
FZP (1 time)
SNpr (1 time)
1989 Injection of benzodiazepines but not GABA or muscimol into pars reticulata substantia nigra suppresses pentylenetetrazol seizures.
12  pantoprazole sodium
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
NSAID (2 times)
DCF (1 time)
DIC (1 time)
2016 A novel model for NSAID induced gastroenteropathy in rats.
13  Pentylenetetrazole (40 mg kg(-1))
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
KSSS (2 times)
SRSSS (2 times)
2009 Pharmacological inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase attenuates the development of seizures in mice.
14  pentylentetrazole model
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
SCEO (1 time)
2007 Anticonvulsant effects of aerial parts of Passiflora incarnata extract in mice: involvement of benzodiazepine and opioid receptors.
15  potentiated the pentylenetetrazol
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BZDs (1 time)
DZP (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2004 Anticonvulsant efficacy of the low-affinity partial benzodiazepine receptor agonist ELB 138 in a dog seizure model and in epileptic dogs with spontaneously recurrent seizures.
16  promethazine
(2 times)
Skin Diseases
(1 time)
DCP (1 time)
IL-1 (1 time)
M-PTZ (1 time)
2006 The human Ca2+-activated K+ channel, IK, can be blocked by the tricyclic antihistamine promethazine.
17  PTZ-treated
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
4-AP (1 time)
ACh (1 time)
aCSF (1 time)
2012 Endogenous ACh effects on NMDA-induced interictal-like discharges along the septotemporal hippocampal axis of adult rats and their modulation by an early life generalized seizure.
18  ((2E,2'E)-3,3'-(2,5-bis(octyloxy)-1,4-phenylene)-bis(2-(thiophen-2-yl)acrylonitrile))(OPTAN) and 10(2'-ethylhexylphenothiazine)
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
HOMO (1 time)
2011 Synthesis and properties of copolymers composed of arylenevinylene and phenothiazine for organic solar cells.
19  ()-Pentazocine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
NET (1 time)
2013 Pentazocine inhibits norepinephrine transporter function by reducing its surface expression in bovine adrenal medullary cells.
20  10H-phenothiazine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
m-OH (1 time)
PTZpn (1 time)
PTZpn-OH (1 time)
1991 Synthesis of redox derivatives of lysine and related peptides containing phenothiazine or tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(II).
21  brain--pentylenetetrazole
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2014 [Effect of citicoline on the development of chronic epileptization of the brain (pentylenetetrazole kindling) and acute seizures reaction of kindled mice C57Bl/6].
22  epilepsy-pentylenetetrazole
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Effect of the calcium channel blockers nifedipine and diltiazem on pentylenetetrazole kindling-provoked amnesia in rats.
23  injection-pentylenetetrazole
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
3-MP (1 time)
ACA (1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
2018 Anticonvulsant activities of alpha-asaronol ((E)-3'-hydroxyasarone), an active constituent derived from alpha-asarone.
24  pan, tilt and zoom
(1 time)
VTS (1 time)
2008 An Assessment of a Low-Cost Visual Tracking System (VTS) to Detect and Compensate for Patient Motion during SPECT.
25  partial transmission zone
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
SBD (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
1975 Experimental investigation of source-block distance to source-surface distance ratios for cuboid and beam-divergence-shaped shadow blocks for cobalt-60 teletherapy.
26  peak time of pentylenetetrazole
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ESR (1 time)
L-NNA (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2000 Nitric oxide content measured by ESR-spectroscopy in the rat brain is increased during pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures.
27  pentamethazol
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
2017 [Vildagliptin suppresses temporal lobe epilepsy by up-regulating glucagon-like peptide-1].
28  pentetrazol test
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Synthesis and evaluation of antimicrobial and anticonvulsant activities of some new 3-[2- (5-aryl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl/4-carbethoxymethylthiazol-2-yl) imino-4-thiazolidinon-5-ylidene]-5-substituted/nonsubstituted 1H-indole-2-ones and investigation of their structure-activity relationships.
29  pentylenetetrazol-induced convulsions
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
YPCA (1 time)
1981 Effects of 4-hydroxy, 4-phenyl, caproamide on pentylenetetrazol-induced amnesia.
30  pentylenetetrazole infusion
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MES (1 time)
PB (1 time)
1978 [Development of tolerance of phenobarbital after administration over several days (author's transl)].
31  peripheral treatment with pentylenetetrazole
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
NRM (1 time)
2011 Acetylcholine-mediated neurotransmission within the nucleus raphe magnus exerts a key role in the organization of both interictal and postictal antinociception.
32  pertuzumab
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
pCR (1 time)
TZM (1 time)
2018 Efficacy of neoadjuvant pertuzumab in addition to chemotherapy and trastuzumab in routine clinical treatment of patients with primary breast cancer: a multicentric analysis.
33  petit mal seizure model
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
MES (1 time)
2003 Effect of harmane on the convulsive threshold in epilepsy models in mice.
34  phase transition zone
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DF (1 time)
MF (1 time)
2001 Novel use of bovine zeta-crystallin as a conformational DNA probe to characterize a phase transition zone and terminally differentiating fiber cells in the adult canine ocular lens.
35  phenothiazine anthelmintic
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
D-C (1 time)
EACE (1 time)
PTD (1 time)
1985 Toxicity and interaction of topical organophosphate insecticide dichlorvoscrotoxyphos and phenothiazine anthelmintic in sheep previously exposed to both drugs.
36  phenothiazine, namely, 10H-3,6-diazaphenothiazine
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2017 10H-3,6-Diazaphenothiazine induces G2/M phase cell cycle arrest and caspase-dependent apoptosis and inhibits cell invasion of A2780 ovarian carcinoma cells through the regulation of NF-kappaB and (BIRC6-XIAP) complexes.
37  picrotoxin, TBPS and pentylenetetrazol
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 1990 Genetic correlations among inbred strain sensitivities to convulsions induced by 9 convulsant drugs.
38  pigs treated with pentylenetetrazol
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
ESM (1 time)
PHT (1 time)
1986 Selective metabolic activation of the mammillary bodies and their connections during ethosuximide-induced suppression of pentylenetetrazol seizures.
39  Pioglitazone
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2016 Genotoxic investigation of a thiazolidinedione PPARgamma agonist using the in vitro micronucleus test and the in vivo homozygotization assay.
40  pioglitazone hydrochloride
(1 time)
DTA (1 time)
DTG (1 time)
GBD (1 time)
2013 Thermal analysis of some antidiabetic pharmaceutical compounds.
41  polythiazide
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
--- 1978 Calcium and sodium excretion in rats in response to prolonged treatment with polythiazide.
42  pretazettine
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CY (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
i.v (1 time)
1983 Therapeutic activity of pretazettine, standard drugs, and the combinations on intraperitoneally implanted Lewis lung carcinoma in mice.
43  previously that pretazettine hydrochloride
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
LLC (1 time)
1986 Therapeutic potentials of pretazettine, standard anticancer drugs, and combinations on subcutaneously implanted Lewis lung carcinoma.
44  prior to administration of pentylenetetrazol
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
DHT (1 time)
2008 Antiseizure effects of 5*-androstane-3*,7beta-diol may be independent of actions at estrogen receptor beta.
45  proconvulsant treatment of pentylenetetrazole
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Robust induction of AP-1 transcription factor DNA binding activity in the hippocampus of aged rats.
46  progestins to modulate pentylenetetrazole
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2004 Progestins in the hippocampus of female rats have antiseizure effects in a pentylenetetrazole seizure model.
47  prolonged the latency of pentylenetetrazol
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
BDZR (1 time)
NAM (1 time)
1980 Dissimilar effects of nicotinamide and inosine, putative endogenous ligands of the benzodiazepine receptors, on pentylenetetrazol seizures in four strains of mice.
48  Promethazine hydrochloride
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
beta-CD (1 time)
ROESY (1 time)
2008 Complexation and chiral drug recognition of an amphiphilic phenothiazine derivative with beta-cyclodextrin.
49  protected the brain from pentylenentetrazole
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
ERK (1 time)
MDMA (1 time)
2012 Long-term behavioral and biochemical effects of an ultra-low dose of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC): neuroprotection and ERK signaling.
50  Protein Z
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PTC (1 time)
2009 Role of protein Z and protein C in neonates with respiratory distress syndrome in Egypt (experience of one centre).
51  prothioconazole
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DMIs (1 time)
oxo-PTZ (1 time)
2016 Structural and Functional Elucidation of Yeast Lanosterol 14alpha-Demethylase in Complex with Agrochemical Antifungals.
52  protozoa
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CSB (1 time)
CXFB (1 time)
MOL (1 time)
1992 Effects of a new molasses byproduct, concentrated separator byproduct, on nutrient digestibility and ruminal fermentation in cattle.
53  protrusion of the trophoblast through the zona pellucida
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
UF (1 time)
1991 Effect of cell-free synchronous uterine flushings and microsurgery on the development of porcine embryos in vitro.
54  PTX, TBPS, and pentylenetetrazol
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EBOB (1 time)
TBOB (1 time)
2003 [3H]Ethynylbicycloorthobenzoate ([3H]EBOB) binding in recombinant GABAA receptors.
55  PTZ = N(4)C(2-NC(5)H(4))) ligands (Ni(L(1))
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2009 Synthesis of mono- and bis-tetrazolato complexes of Ni(II), Pt(II) and Cu(II) via 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions of 2-cyanopyridines with metal ligated azides in N,N,O-aminoiminophenolato complexes.
56  PTZ model erred in predictions for (a) phenobarbital (PB)
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AED (1 time)
CBZ (1 time)
ESM (1 time)
1997 Utility of the lethargic (lh/lh) mouse model of absence seizures in predicting the effects of lamotrigine, vigabatrin, tiagabine, gabapentin, and topiramate against human absence seizures.
57  pyrithione zinc
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Does tachyphylaxis occur in long-term management of scalp seborrheic dermatitis with pyrithione zinc-based treatments?