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Abbreviation: PVL
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Panton-Valentine leukocidin
(1082 times)
Microbiology
(366 times)
MRSA (534 times)
CA-MRSA (236 times)
SCCmec (213 times)
1991 Improved purification of leukocidin from Staphylococcus aureus and toxin distribution among hospital strains.
periventricular leukomalacia
(697 times)
Pediatrics
(275 times)
IVH (135 times)
CP (57 times)
ROP (47 times)
1974 Morphologic variations in periventricular leukomalacia.
paravalvular leak
(304 times)
Cardiology
(225 times)
TAVI (56 times)
TAVR (54 times)
TEE (15 times)
1982 The in-hospital risk of rereplacement of dysfunctional mitral and aortic valves.
portal vein ligation
(192 times)
Gastroenterology
(82 times)
NO (27 times)
ALPPS (22 times)
FLR (22 times)
1985 Changes of protein synthesis in liver tissue following ligation of hepatic artery or portal vein in rats.
proviral load
(79 times)
Virology
(24 times)
HTLV-1 (40 times)
ACs (13 times)
PBMCs (12 times)
2007 Histone deacetylase mediated transcriptional activation reduces proviral loads in HTLV-1 associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis patients.
Proliferative verrucous leukoplakia
(70 times)
Dentistry
(35 times)
HPV (8 times)
OSCC (7 times)
OL (4 times)
1985 Proliferative verrucous leukoplakia. A long-term study of thirty patients.
periventricular lucency
(20 times)
Neurosurgery
(8 times)
CT (4 times)
ADL (2 times)
NPH (2 times)
1979 [Computed tomography in experimental canine hydrocephalus. Part 3: Pathogenesis of periventricular lucency (PVL) (author's transl)].
purified vaccine lymph
(15 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
--- 1953 Further notes on the clinical application of the purified vaccine lymph (PVL).
Prospect Valence Learning
(11 times)
Cognitive Science
(3 times)
IGT (10 times)
EV (2 times)
EVL (2 times)
2013 Heterogeneity of strategy use in the Iowa gambling task: a comparison of win-stay/lose-shift and reinforcement learning models.
10  pressure-volume loop
(10 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
LV (3 times)
Ees (2 times)
RV (2 times)
2014 Comparison of pressure-volume loop and echocardiographic measures of diastolic function in patients with a single-ventricle physiology.
11  periventricular lesions
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
MRI (6 times)
DWML (5 times)
WML (5 times)
1996 A magnetic resonance imaging study of white matter lesions in depression and Alzheimer's disease.
12  portal vein
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
PHT (3 times)
TNF (2 times)
ABDL (1 time)
1981 Experimental studies on the treatment of nonresectable liver cancer.
13  paravalvular aortic leakage
(7 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
TAVI (5 times)
CAAD (2 times)
BAV (1 time)
2016 Limitations and difficulties of echocardiographic short-axis assessment of paravalvular leakage after corevalve transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
14  plasma HIV RNA load
(7 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(4 times)
cART (5 times)
EFV (2 times)
IQR (2 times)
2014 Effectiveness of a reduced dose of efavirenz plus 2 NRTIs as maintenance antiretroviral therapy with the guidance of therapeutic drug monitoring.
15  Psathyrella velutina lectin
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AFM (1 time)
AP (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
1992 Carbohydrate binding specificity of immobilized Psathyrella velutina lectin.
16  permanent visual loss
(6 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
GCA (5 times)
AF (1 time)
GC (1 time)
1988 Neurologic disease in biopsy-proven giant cell (temporal) arteritis.
17  plasmonic vortex lens
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
SPPs (3 times)
OAM (2 times)
HVB (1 time)
2012 Coupling of spin and angular momentum of light in plasmonic vortex.
18  population viral load
(6 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
MSM (4 times)
CVL (3 times)
ART (2 times)
2012 Measuring population transmission risk for HIV: an alternative metric of exposure risk in men who have sex with men (MSM) in the US.
19  poly(delta-valerolactone)
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
MePEG (2 times)
BnOH (1 time)
CID (1 time)
2005 Synthesis and characterization of six-arm star poly(delta-valerolactone)-block-methoxy poly(ethylene glycol) copolymers.
20  preferred viewing location
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
IOVP (1 time)
OVL (1 time)
OVP (1 time)
2004 The potential contribution of preplanned refixations to the preferred viewing location.
21  performance volume limit
(4 times)
History of Medicine
(1 time)
NHIFA (1 time)
2010 [Health economics of oncology care: financial effect of performance volume limit (PVL)].
22  peripheral venous lactate
(4 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CVC (1 time)
2005 Prevalence of thromboembolic disease including superior vena cava and brachiocephalic veins.
23  portal vein branch ligation
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
LPS (1 time)
NF-kappaB (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2000 Preventive effect of preoperative portal vein ligation on endotoxin-induced hepatic failure in hepatectomized rats is associated with reduced tumour necrosis factor alpha production.
24  Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
PVL-MRSA (1 time)
2006 Fatal pneumonia caused by Panton-Valentine Leucocidine-positive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (PVL-MRSA) transmitted from a healthy donor in living-donor liver transplantation.
25  paravalvular regurgitation
(3 times)
Echocardiography
(2 times)
TTE (2 times)
TAVI (1 time)
TEE (1 time)
2014 Echocardiographic Assessment of Heart Valve Prostheses.
26  peripheral vascular leakage
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CME (1 time)
PPRA (1 time)
UWFFA (1 time)
1993 Percutaneous peripheral rotational ablation using the Rotablator: immediate and mid term results. Single center experience concerning 146 lesions treated.
27  Psathyrella velutina
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GlcNAc (2 times)
1999 Multi-specificity of a Psathyrella velutina mushroom lectin: heparin/pectin binding occurs at a site different from the N-acetylglucosamine/N-acetylneuraminic acid-specific site.
28  peak viral load
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
Ab (1 time)
Ad (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
2017 High human cytomegalovirus DNAemia early post-transplantation associates with irreversible and progressive loss of renal function - a retrospective study.
29  Perioperative visual loss
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AION (1 time)
ION (1 time)
VA (1 time)
2008 Perioperative visual loss: a rare complication of general surgery.
30  peripheral vestibular loss
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
BPPV (2 times)
CV (2 times)
NVD (2 times)
2015 Peripheral vestibular loss detected in pediatric patients using a smartphone-based test of the subjective visual vertical.
31  periventricular
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
DSCL (1 time)
DWML (1 time)
MHC (1 time)
2006 Relationship between periventricular and deep white matter lesions and depressive symptoms in older people. The LADIS Study.
32  periventricular leukoencephalopathy
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
1984 Cystic periventricular leukomalacia: sonographic and CT findings.
33  periventricular white matter lesions
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
LPS (1 time)
OSMS (1 time)
2006 HLA-dPB1*0501 is not uniquely associated with opticospinal multiple sclerosis in Japanese patients. Important role of DPB1*0301.
34  perivitelline layer
(2 times)
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
(1 time)
IVP (1 time)
PMPZ (1 time)
2012 In vitro assays for vesper mice (Calomys laucha) sperm using heterologous substrates from nonrodent species.
35  Personal Value List
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
HBI (1 time)
HT (1 time)
PCS (1 time)
2015 Factors associated with knowledge of hypertension among adolescents: implications for preventive education programs in primary care.
36  plasma HIV-1 viral load
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
GT (1 time)
HAART (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
2012 Effect of HSV-2 suppressive therapy on genital tract HIV-1 RNA shedding among women on HAART: a pilot randomized controlled trial.
37  plasma volume loss
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ADH (1 time)
ANP (1 time)
CreaCl (1 time)
1990 Vasopressin and plasma volume response to submaximal and maximal exercise in man.
38  pneumatic vitreolysis
(2 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
VMT (2 times)
MH (1 time)
2017 Pneumatic Vitreolysis for Management of Symptomatic Focal Vitreomacular Traction.
39  portal hypertensive
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
NO (1 time)
1992 Effect of somatostatin on mesenteric vascular resistance in normal and portal hypertensive rats.
40  Postoperative vision loss
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ION (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
NAION (1 time)
2007 Changes in intraocular pressure due to surgical positioning: studying potential risk for postoperative vision loss.
41  potent VRC01-like
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
BCRs (1 time)
CD4bs (1 time)
2012 Structural basis for germ-line gene usage of a potent class of antibodies targeting the CD4-binding site of HIV-1 gp120.
42  pulmonary valve leaflets
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
H and E (1 time)
NM (1 time)
2000 Cell composition of the human pulmonary valve: a comparative study with the aortic valve--the VESALIO Project. Vitalitate Exornatum Succedaneum Aorticum labore Ingegnoso Obtinebitur.
43  pulmonary vascular lavage
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
BAL (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
1993 Activated pulmonary vascular neutrophils as early mediators of endotoxin-induced lung inflammation.
44  P. velutina lectin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1989 Purification and properties of an N-acetylglucosamine-specific lectin from Psathyrella velutina mushroom.
45  paced valve-lesioned
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
VL (1 time)
1989 Beneficial effect of chronic bradycardial pacing on capillary growth and heart performance in volume overload heart hypertrophy.
46  Panton-Valentine
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
2009 Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among a network of French private-sector community-based-medical laboratories.
47  Panton-Valentine leukocidin LukSF-PV
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HlgCB (1 time)
2015 Differential Interaction of the Staphylococcal Toxins Panton-Valentine Leukocidin and gamma-Hemolysin CB with Human C5a Receptors.
48  Paravalvular aortic regurgitation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
MR (1 time)
2019 Change in mitral regurgitation severity impacts survival after transcatheter aortic valve replacement.
49  partial vertical laryngectomy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2002 Salvage vertical partial laryngectomy for radiation failure in early glottic carcinoma.
50  partial vestibular lesions
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
HST (1 time)
SLVF (1 time)
2004 [Vibratory test and head shaking test and caloric test: a series of 87 patients].
51  partial vision loss
(1 time)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
SVL (1 time)
2019 Association of Vision Loss With Hospital Use and Costs Among Older Adults.
52  parvovirus-like
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
RIA (1 time)
1980 Norwalk virus gastroenteritis aboard a cruise ship: an outbreak on five consecutive cruises.
53  passivation layer
(1 time)
a-IGZO (1 time)
TFT (1 time)
2018 Mobility Enhancement in Amorphous In-Ga-Zn-O Thin-Film Transistor by Induced Metallic in Nanoparticles and Cu Electrodes.
54  Pentax Airway Scope VL
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DL (1 time)
MVL (1 time)
2019 Randomized comparison of McGrath MAC videolaryngoscope, Pentax Airway Scope, and Macintosh direct laryngoscope for nasotracheal intubation in patients with manual in-line stabilization.
55  peripheral venous lactate levels
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
WSs (1 time)
2016 Diagnostic accuracy of peripheral venous lactate and the 2009 WHO warning signs for identifying severe dengue in Thai adults: a prospective observational study.
56  Peripheral vessel leakage
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Peripheral vessel leakage (PVL): a new angiographic finding in diabetic retinopathy identified with ultra wide-field fluorescein angiography.
57  peripheral vision loss
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ARMD (1 time)
CVL (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2009 The quality of life impact of peripheral versus central vision loss with a focus on glaucoma versus age-related macular degeneration.
58  periprosthetic valvular leak
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AVP (1 time)
2011 Real-time three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography during percutaneous transcatheter occlusion of mitral periprosthetic paravalvular leak.
59  perivascular lymphocytes
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
VSI (1 time)
1997 Relationship of nonstaging pathological risk factors to lymph node metastasis and recurrence in clinical stage I endometrial carcinoma.
60  perivenous layer
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
IZ (1 time)
1994 Microscopy of vascular architecture and arteriovenous communications in the spleen of two odontocetes.
61  periventricular leucencephalomalacia
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CBV (1 time)
cHbD (1 time)
NIRS (1 time)
2004 Effect of tilting on cerebral haemodynamics in preterm infants with periventricular leucencephalomalacia.
62  personal vascular laboratory
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
ABI (1 time)
ASOLE (1 time)
PBSCs (1 time)
2004 Autologous transplantation of peripheral blood stem cells as an effective therapeutic approach for severe arteriosclerosis obliterans of lower extremities.
63  Phaseolus vulgaris leaves
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AIB (1 time)
CCCP (1 time)
CMB (1 time)
2018 Antistaphylococcal and Antibiotic Resistance Modulatory Activities of Thirteen Cameroonian Edible Plants against Resistant Phenotypes.
64  phenyl-gamma-valerolactones
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AbetaO (1 time)
AD (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
2020 Flavonoid-Derived Human Phenyl-gamma-Valerolactone Metabolites Selectively Detoxify Amyloid-beta Oligomers and Prevent Memory Impairment in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease.
65  phospholipid vesicle
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2006 A ten-residue domain (Y11-A20) in the NH2-terminus modulates membrane association of annexin A7.
66  PNVI with very-low-energy Li-ESWT
(1 time)
Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological
(1 time)
3DISCO (1 time)
ED (1 time)
ICP (1 time)
2019 Delayed Low-Intensity Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy Ameliorates Impaired Penile Hemodynamics in Rats Subjected to Pelvic Neurovascular Injury.
67  poly(valerolactone)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PEG (1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2019 Block copolymer composition drives function of self-assembled nanoparticles for delivery of small-molecule cargo.
68  polyvinylidene
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
test (1 time)
2006 An evaluation of polyvinylidene film dressing for treatment of pressure ulcers in older people.
69  population based viral load
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
CVL (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
2017 [Effect of data missing on population based viral load survey in HIV infected men who have sex with men sampled in 16 large cities, China].
70  pore-forming activity of leukocidin
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1995 Application of flow cytometry in toxinology: pathophysiology of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes damaged by a pore-forming toxin from Staphylococcus aureus.
71  Portal hypertensive rats
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
A/B (1 time)
ET (1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
2000 Role of endothelin-1 in congestive gastropathy in portal hypertensive rats.
72  portal vein ligation but no I/R
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
I/R (1 time)
2012 Ischemia/reperfusion in clamped lobes facilitates liver regeneration of non-clamped lobes after selective portal vein ligation.
73  portal vein occlusion
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2019 Simultaneous hepatic and portal vein ligation induces rapid liver hypertrophy: A study in pigs.
74  positive for the leukocidin toxin
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CA-MRSA (1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
SCCmec (1 time)
2011 Molecular characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcusaureus isolates in Algeria.
75  posterior sheath of the vesicouterine ligament
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
IES (1 time)
PSNs (1 time)
UDS (1 time)
2005 Intraoperative electrical stimulation of the pelvic splanchnic nerves during nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy.
76  Posterior vertical lumbar
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
UPJ (1 time)
1993 [Surgical cure of anomalies of the pyelo-ureteral junction with posterior vertical lumbar excision: report of 25 cases].
77  posterior vitreous leakage
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1988 The correlation of the results of vitreous fluorophotometry and fluorescein angiography in nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy.
78  pravastatin lactone
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
SVL (1 time)
2016 The role of acid-base imbalance in statin-induced myotoxicity.
79  Preoperative volume loading
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MAP (1 time)
PONV (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2012 Effect of preoperative volume loading on the intraoperative variability of blood pressure and postoperative nausea and vomiting.
80  present study, VLDLR-deficient and VLDLR-overexpressing
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
VLDLR (1 time)
2000 LDL receptor deficiency unmasks altered VLDL triglyceride metabolism in VLDL receptor transgenic and knockout mice.
81  pressure and volume-limited
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ALI (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2011 Pressure and volume limited ventilation for the ventilatory management of patients with acute lung injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
82  prevalence of one such virulence factor
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CA-MSSA (1 time)
CLSI (1 time)
PVL-SA (1 time)
2019 Prevalence of Panton-Valentine Leukocidin (PVL) and Antimicrobial Resistance in Community-Acquired Clinical Staphylococcus aureus in an Urban Gambian Hospital: A 11-Year Period Retrospective Pilot Study.
83  Prospect-Valence Learning model
(1 time)
EVL (1 time)
IGT (1 time)
2010 Cognitive Mechanisms Underlying Risky Decision-Making in Chronic Cannabis Users.
84  prosthetic valve leak
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
TAVR (1 time)
TEE (1 time)
TTE (1 time)
2020 Intra-procedural monitoring protocol using routine transthoracic echocardiography with backup trans-oesophageal probe in transcatheter aortic valve replacement: a single centre experience.
85  Proteus vulgaris lipase
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
IPTG (1 time)
SDS-PAGE (1 time)
2010 [Cloning and expression of non-position-specific lipase gene from Proteus vulgaris].
86  proviral DNA load
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ATL (1 time)
HTLV-1 (1 time)
2012 Proviral loads of human T-lymphotropic virus Type 1 in asymptomatic carriers with different infection routes.
87  Prunella vulgaris L
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
BC (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2018 Oral Administration of Prunella vulgaris L Improves the Effect of Taxane on Preventing the Progression of Breast Cancer and Reduces Its Side Effects.
88  Psathyrella velutina mushroom
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Psathyrella velutina Mushroom Lectin Exhibits High Affinity toward Sialoglycoproteins Possessing Terminal N-Acetylneuraminic Acid alpha 2,3-Linked to Penultimate Galactose Residues of Trisialyl N-Glycans. Comparison with other sialic acid-specific lectins.
89  psychogenic visual loss
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
PVEP (1 time)
2000 Dynamic topography of pattern visual evoked potentials (PVEP) in psychogenic visual loss patients.
90  pubovesicular length
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
MUCPs (1 time)
RIs (1 time)
2006 A comparison of periurethral blood flow resistive indices and urethral closure pressure of incontinent women.
91  pulmonary vascular
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
CPET/RHC (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
SSc (1 time)
2010 Cardiopulmonary exercise testing with right-heart catheterization in patients with systemic sclerosis.
92  PV ligation
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FLR (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
PV (1 time)
2014 The ALPPS procedure: a surgical option for hepatocellular carcinoma with major vascular invasion.
93  PVL-MRSA strains
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CA-MRSA (1 time)
CC1 (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2011 Distinct bacteriophages encoding Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) among international methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clones harboring PVL.
94  PVN-lesioned
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
5-HTP (1 time)
PVN (1 time)
1987 Paraventricular nucleus mediates prolactin secretory responses to restraint stress, ether stress, and 5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan injection in the rat.