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Abbreviation: QA
Appearance Frequency: 3222 time(s)
Long forms: 117

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
quality assurance
(2026 times)
Biophysics
(604 times)
IMRT (206 times)
QC (122 times)
VMAT (115 times)
1978 The Minnesota Program for Prevention of Foodborne Illness: An Evaluation.
quinolinic acid
(480 times)
Neurology
(177 times)
HD (90 times)
KA (44 times)
NMDA (43 times)
1982 Effect of starvation and diet composition on two pathways of L-serine metabolism in isolated rat hepatocytes.
quisqualate
(119 times)
Neurology
(70 times)
KA (71 times)
NMDA (69 times)
AMPA (41 times)
1983 Relative potency of analogues of excitatory amino acids on hippocampal CA1 neurons.
quality assessment
(100 times)
Medical Informatics
(27 times)
CASP (4 times)
QC (3 times)
CNN (2 times)
1984 The evaluation of imprecision in collaborative immunoassay quality-assessment programmes.
quaternary ammonium
(82 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
TEA (5 times)
AEMs (4 times)
AEM (3 times)
1971 Interaction of tetraethylammonium ion derivatives with the potassium channels of giant axons.
quisqualic acid
(73 times)
Neurology
(36 times)
KA (37 times)
NMDA (32 times)
AMPA (16 times)
1983 Anatomical distributions of four pharmacologically distinct 3H-L-glutamate binding sites.
question answering
(43 times)
Medical Informatics
(27 times)
IR (5 times)
AI (2 times)
GO (2 times)
2003 Towards a medical question-answering system: a feasibility study.
quantitative anisotropy
(30 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
FA (7 times)
GFA (6 times)
PD (5 times)
2013 Deterministic diffusion fiber tracking improved by quantitative anisotropy.
quinacrine
(21 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
AA (2 times)
CI (2 times)
GSI (2 times)
1975 Energy dependent hydrogen ion accumulation in submitochondrial particles.
10  quinone acceptor
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
PSII (6 times)
RC (3 times)
Chl (2 times)
1979 The involvement of iron and ubiquinone in electron transfer reactions mediated by reaction centers from photosynthetic bacteria.
11  quantitative angiography
(14 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
IELA (2 times)
IVUS (2 times)
LA (2 times)
1996 Morphological and hemodynamic assessments of carotid stenosis using quantitative digital subtraction angiography.
12  quinolizidine alkaloids
(12 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
LDC (2 times)
FW (1 time)
GE (1 time)
1991 Fate of quinolizidine alkaloids through three trophic levels:Laburnum anagyroides (Leguminosae) and associated organisms.
13  quaternary amine
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
CIM (4 times)
CIP (1 time)
CLC (1 time)
2002 Very fast analysis of impurities in immunoglobulin concentrates using conjoint liquid chromatography on short monolithic disks.
14  quantum annealing
(9 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
SA (3 times)
WSNs (2 times)
AQC (1 time)
2007 Quantum annealing of an Ising spin-glass by Green's function Monte Carlo.
15  quit attempts
(9 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
CPD (3 times)
OR (2 times)
PPA (2 times)
2016 Motivational, reduction and usual care interventions for smokers who are not ready to quit: a randomized controlled trial.
16  Quil-A
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
OVA (7 times)
Chol (2 times)
alpha-GalCer (1 time)
2007 Effect of four adjuvants on immune response to F4 fimbriae in chickens.
17  quickly adapting
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
SA (3 times)
SI (2 times)
IR (1 time)
1975 [Thermoreceptor function of the stretch receptors of the river crayfish].
18  quantitative analysis
(6 times)
Science
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CALIPER (1 time)
2012 Quantitative analysis of substituted N,N-dimethyl-tryptamines in the presence of natural type XII alkaloids.
19  quinone A
(6 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
NPQ (3 times)
PSII (3 times)
APX (2 times)
2014 Photoprotective mechanism of the non-target organism Arabidopsis thaliana to paraquat exposure.
20  quinone electron acceptor
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
PSII (5 times)
PSI (2 times)
ABS/RC (1 time)
1990 Purification and characterization of photosystem I and photosystem II core complexes from wild-type and phycocyanin-deficient strains of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6803.
21  albumin quotient
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BBB (5 times)
CSF (3 times)
TBI (3 times)
1999 TGF-beta is elevated in the CSF of patients with severe traumatic brain injuries and parallels blood-brain barrier function.
22  quadriceps angle
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
BT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2005 Pre- and postoperative radiographic and computed tomographic evaluation of dogs with medial patellar luxation.
23  quality-assured
(5 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
ACT (2 times)
AL (2 times)
SP (2 times)
2017 The malaria testing and treatment landscape in mainland Tanzania, 2016.
24  quaternary ammonium ions
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
LA (1 time)
1976 Inactivation of monazomycin-induced voltage-dependent conductance in thin lipid membranes. I. Inactivation produced by long chain quaternary ammonium ions.
25  quinolinate
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ACMSD (2 times)
3-HA (1 time)
3-NP (1 time)
1993 Timing the excitotoxic induction of heat shock protein 70 transcription.
26  quadriceps activation
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
OA (2 times)
ACLD (1 time)
ACLR (1 time)
2006 Reduced quadriceps activation after lumbar paraspinal fatiguing exercise.
27  quality assurance samples
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
QC (2 times)
CAP (1 time)
FCS (1 time)
2008 Clinical grade production of mesenchymal stem cells.
28  quercetin aglycone
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
RU (2 times)
KMF (1 time)
MHG (1 time)
2009 Clean recovery of antioxidant flavonoids from onions: optimising solvent free microwave extraction method.
29  quality attributes
(3 times)
Cells
(1 time)
HOS (1 time)
IBs (1 time)
mAbs (1 time)
2006 Breeding and biotechnology for improving berry nutritional quality.
30  questions and answers
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CQA (1 time)
IE (1 time)
NLP (1 time)
1995 Quasi-experimental evaluation of three AIDS prevention activities for maintaining knowledge, improving attitudes, and changing risk behaviors of high school seniors.
31  quillaic acid
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
16-OH-GA (1 time)
GA (1 time)
Gly (1 time)
2020 Impact of C28 Oligosaccharide on Adjuvant Activity of QS-7 Analogues.
32  Q-angle
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
INW (1 time)
PW (1 time)
SEBT (1 time)
2012 Q-angle, Pelvic width, and Intercondylar notch width as predictors of knee injuries in women soccer players in South Africa.
33  quality analysis
(2 times)
Proteome
(1 time)
DTI (1 time)
MBR (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2013 Simultaneous analysis and quality assurance for diffusion tensor imaging.
34  quality assurance programs
(2 times)
Violence
(1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
MLC (1 time)
2007 Transmission, penumbra and leaf positional accuracy in commissioning and quality assurance program of a multileaf collimator for step-and-shoot IMRT treatments.
35  quantitative assessment
(2 times)
Female Urogenital Diseases
(1 time)
ALI (1 time)
GH (1 time)
MPT (1 time)
2006 Perfluorochemical liquids enhance delivery of superoxide dismutase to the lungs of juvenile rabbits.
36  Quantum Annealer
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
HERO (1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
2020 A Hamiltonian Engine for Radiotherapy Optimization.
37  quenched-annealed
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
MCT (1 time)
PP (1 time)
2002 Monte Carlo approach to the gas-liquid transition in porous materials.
38  Questionnaires
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
ADRSc (1 time)
ADRSp (1 time)
ICMT (1 time)
2009 Results of a multi-country exploratory survey of approaches and methods for IMCI case management training.
39  quinacridone derivatives
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
4CzIPN (1 time)
OLEDs (1 time)
TADF (1 time)
2006 Role of lateral alkyl chains in modulation of molecular structures on metal surfaces.
40  quinacrine azide
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
AChR (1 time)
NCIs (1 time)
1986 Functional domains of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor.
41  quinate
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CGA (1 time)
1995 The Metabolism of Quinate in Pea Roots (Purification and Partial Characterization of a Quinate Hydrolyase).
42  quisqualic
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
KA (2 times)
Asp (1 time)
EAA (1 time)
1984 Hyperpolarization of fish retinal horizontal cells by kainate and quisqualate.
43  quizalofop acid
(2 times)
Cells
(1 time)
LC-IT-MSn (1 time)
QE (1 time)
QPE (1 time)
2016 A key esterase required for the mineralization of quizalofop-p-ethyl by a natural consortium of Rhodococcus sp. JT-3 and Brevundimonas sp. JT-9.
44  4-quinolinol-3-carboxylic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
7-CQA (1 time)
AAPH (1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
2010 Dichloro-4-quinolinol-3-carboxylic acid: synthesis and antioxidant abilities to scavenge radicals and to protect methyl linoleate and DNA.
45  acceptor quinone molecule
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
Phe (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2011 Redox potentials of primary electron acceptor quinone molecule (QA)- and conserved energetics of photosystem II in cyanobacteria with chlorophyll a and chlorophyll d.
46  components--quality assurance
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 1995 The Medicare home health initiative.
47  D-(-)-quinic acid
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CGAs (1 time)
CQA (1 time)
2013 Structure- and dose-absorption relationships of coffee polyphenols.
48  extension-quadriceps activation
(1 time)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(1 time)
ND (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2019 A novel approach to improve hamstring flexibility: A single-blinded randomised clinical trial.
49  maleimido-quaternary ammonium
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Kinetics of tethering quaternary ammonium compounds to K(+) channels.
50  Q and A
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
2018 Quercetin and aconitine synergistically induces the human cervical carcinoma HeLa cell apoptosis via endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress pathway.
51  Q-wave
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ECG (1 time)
MI (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2012 The allometric model in chronic myocardial infarction.
52  Q. virginiana bark
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
PAE (1 time)
vCo (1 time)
2020 Cytoprotective effects of creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) and Southern live oak (Quercus virginiana) extracts against toxicity induced by venom of the black-tailed rattlesnake (Crotalus ornatus).
53  QA cluster
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
QB (1 time)
RC (1 time)
Rp (1 time)
1996 Calculated coupling of electron and proton transfer in the photosynthetic reaction center of Rhodopseudomonas viridis.
54  QA-dependent quenching
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1988 Effects of freezing on plant mesophyll cells.
55  QA: for low
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
Chl a (1 time)
PQA (1 time)
1993 Insight into the relationship of chlorophyll a fluorescence yield to the concentration of its natural quenchers in oxygenic photosynthesis.
56  Qi acupuncture
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
dpi (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2012 Impact of acupuncture by using life-energy (qi) oriental needle on the paralysis of rats with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
57  QIAamp
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
cfDNA (1 time)
ctDNA (1 time)
MX (1 time)
2018 High-throughput isolation of circulating tumor DNA: acomparison of automated platforms.
58  QIAamp DNA Mini Kit
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
FFPE (1 time)
QGR (1 time)
2019 Bioinformatics and DNA-extraction strategies to reliably detect genetic variants from FFPE breast tissue samples.
59  Qiai in Hubei
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AQA (1 time)
BA (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2021 Diversity of Endophytic Fungal Community in Leaves of Artemisia argyi Based on High-throughput Amplicon Sequencing.
60  Qingdao autumn
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EMAC (1 time)
PMF (1 time)
QS (1 time)
2020 Light absorption enhancement of particulate matters and their source apportionment over the Asian continental outflow site and South Yellow Sea.
61  Quad activation
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
CAR (1 time)
Quad (1 time)
SIB (1 time)
2015 Comparison of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation and Cryotherapy for Increasing Quadriceps Activation in Patients With Knee Pathologies.
62  Quad Agar
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
EP (1 time)
HLAR (1 time)
1998 Use of molecular and reference susceptibility testing methods in a multicenter evaluation of MicroScan dried overnight gram-positive MIC panels for detection of vancomycin and high-level aminoglycoside resistances in enterococci.
63  quadrant analysis
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
GIS (1 time)
KD (1 time)
LISA (1 time)
2009 Exploring spatial patterns and hotspots of diarrhea in Chiang Mai, Thailand.
64  quadratic approximation
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BPS (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
2015 Low-complexity feed-forward carrier phase estimation for M-ary QAM based on phase search acceleration by quadratic approximation.
65  quadriceps
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
COP (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
2001 The development of balance control in children: comparisons of EMG and kinetic variables and chronological and developmental groupings.
66  quadriceps area
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
PT (1 time)
2011 Chronic exercise preserves lean muscle mass in masters athletes.
67  quadriceps muscle activation
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
QV (1 time)
TKA (1 time)
2009 The long-term contribution of muscle activation and muscle size to quadriceps weakness following total knee arthroplasty.
68  Quadruple Aim
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
BE (1 time)
2020 Capturing the Impact of Patient Portals Based on the Quadruple Aim and Benefits Evaluation Frameworks: Scoping Review.
69  quadrupolar axialization
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 1996 Broadband quadrupolar axialization of large multiply charged ions to enhance measurement and minimize conformational restrictions.
70  quaking aspen
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ASP (1 time)
CLBS (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2001 Food processing by animals: do beavers leach tree bark to improve palatability?
71  quality acceptance
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DeltaDeltaCT (1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
2019 Evaluation of multiple laboratory performance and variability in analysis of recreational freshwaters by a rapid Escherichia coli qPCR method (Draft Method C).
72  quality assessment checklist
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
QUADAS-2 (1 time)
2021 The validity of ultrasound-derived equation models to predict whole-body muscle mass: A systematic review.
73  quality assessment/assurance
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1991 Quality assessment/assurance activities in U.S. dental schools.
74  Quality assurance procedures
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
COMIX (1 time)
ESRT (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2008 Complexity index (COMIX) and not type of treatment predicts undetected errors in radiotherapy planning and delivery.
75  quality attestation
(1 time)
Ethics
(1 time)
ACES (1 time)
2015 Developing an Evaluation Tool for Assessing Clinical Ethics Consultation Skills in Simulation Based Education: The ACES Project.
76  Quality Audit
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ABS (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
2018 Cherenkov imaging for linac beam shape analysis as a remote electronic quality assessment verification tool.
77  Quality Control
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BNCT (1 time)
RBE (1 time)
2005 Intestinal crypt regeneration in mice: a biological system for quality assurance in non-conventional radiation therapy.
78  quality of adhesion
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PDMS (1 time)
2008 Dependence of the quality of adhesion between poly(dimethylsiloxane) and glass surfaces on the conditions of treatment with oxygen plasma.
79  quality-adjusted
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
LYs (1 time)
2017 Cost-effectiveness of Paclitaxel + Ramucirumab Combination Therapy for Advanced Gastric Cancer Progressing After First-line Chemotherapy in Japan.
80  Quamoclit angulata
(1 time)
Antioxidants
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
HOMA-IR (1 time)
QAE (1 time)
2020 Effect of Quamoclit angulata Extract Supplementation on Oxidative Stress and Inflammation on Hyperglycemia-Induced Renal Damage in Type 2 Diabetic Mice.
81  Quantitative Ability
(1 time)
Optometry
(1 time)
GPA's (1 time)
OCAT (1 time)
SUNY (1 time)
1986 Local validity of OCAT as a predictor of professional school grade point average.
82  quantitative autoradiography
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
HRRI (1 time)
1994 "In situ" characterization of GnRH receptors: use of two radioimagers and comparison with quantitative autoradiography.
83  quantitative endotracheal aspirate
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
ICOs (1 time)
2003 Correlation of intracellular organisms with quantitative endotracheal aspirate.
84  quantitative PCR application
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BPW (1 time)
MPN (1 time)
MPS (1 time)
2021 Application of a commercial Salmonella real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the detection and quantitation of Salmonellaenterica in poultry ceca.
85  quantum acceleration
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
PW (1 time)
UIL (1 time)
2019 Quantum Mechanisms of Electron and Positron Acceleration through Nonlinear Compton Scatterings and Nonlinear Breit-Wheeler Processes in Coherent Photon Dominated Regime.
86  quarterly
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DBPs (1 time)
HAAs (1 time)
LRAA (1 time)
2017 Evaluation of Drinking Water Disinfectant Byproducts Compliance Data as an Indirect Measure for Short-Term Exposure in Humans.
87  quartile analysis
(1 time)
Manipulation, Chiropractic
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
MFTD (1 time)
2013 Using basic statistics on the individual patient's own numeric data.
88  quartz
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
2009 Ascorbic acid pre-treated quartz stimulates TNF-alpha release in RAW 264.7 murine macrophages through ROS production and membrane lipid peroxidation.
89  quartz microcrystals
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2016 Different reactivity of primary fibroblasts and endothelial cells towards crystalline silica: A surface radical matter.
90  quasi-achromatic
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1972 Compensating optical systems. Part 1: broadband holographic reconstruction.
91  quasiaxisymmetric
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
--- 2001 Maximum-J capability in a quasiaxisymmetric stellarator.
92  quasiparticle approach
(1 time)
GBs (1 time)
SUs (1 time)
2021 Size-Dependent Solute Segregation at Symmetric Tilt Grain Boundaries in alpha-Fe: A Quasiparticle Approach Study.
93  quasispecies
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MfAA (1 time)
NUC (1 time)
2014 Clinical application of estimating hepatitis B virus quasispecies complexity by massive sequencing: correlation between natural evolution and on-treatment evolution.
94  quaternary ammonium compound
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
IA (1 time)
ID (1 time)
PVC (1 time)
1993 The colonization of solid PVC surfaces and the acquisition of resistance to germicides by water micro-organisms.
95  quaternary ammonium function
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CHS (1 time)
2020 Design, synthesis and evaluation of targeted hypoxia-activated prodrugs applied to chondrosarcoma chemotherapy.
96  Queratodermia Acuagenica
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Aquagenic Keratoma: Treatment Update.
97  quercetin 7-O-sialic acid
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
MCP-1 (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2016 Synthesis and cardiovascular protective effects of quercetin 7-O-sialic acid.
98  quercetin-3-O-alpha-l-arabinopyranoside
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AMD (1 time)
BL (1 time)
RPE (1 time)
2018 Quercetin-3-O-alpha-l-arabinopyranoside protects against retinal cell death via blue light-induced damage in human RPE cells and Balb-c mice.
99  quercetin-3-O-arabinofuranoside
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
3CQA (1 time)
5CQA (1 time)
CGA (1 time)
2001 Effects of long-term open-field ozone exposure on leaf phenolics of European silver birch (Betula pendula Roth).
100  quercitin equivalents
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
GAE (1 time)
RP (1 time)
2017 An assessment on the role of endophytic microbes in the therapeutic potential of Fagonia indica.