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Abbreviation: QS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
quorum sensing
(1963 times)
Microbiology
(655 times)
AHL (248 times)
AHLs (208 times)
AI-2 (93 times)
1999 Quorum sensing in Pseudomonas aeruginosa controls expression of catalase and superoxide dismutase genes and mediates biofilm susceptibility to hydrogen peroxide.
quiet sleep
(217 times)
Pediatrics
(68 times)
AS (125 times)
REM (26 times)
EEG (19 times)
1975 [Effects of alpha-methyl-dopa on new born kitten sleep. Behavioral evolution during the first month post-birth (author's transl)].
quinacrine sterilization
(49 times)
Gynecology
(30 times)
AE (2 times)
FDA (2 times)
IFFH (2 times)
1998 Quinacrine sterilization: an assessment of risks for ectopic pregnancy, birth defects and cancer.
Q-switched
(40 times)
Dermatology
(27 times)
IPL (4 times)
PIH (4 times)
ABNOM (2 times)
1997 Comparison of the Q-switched alexandrite (755 nm) and Q-switched Nd:YAG (1064 nm) lasers in the treatment of benign melanocytic nevi.
Quillaja saponin
(28 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
CDM (4 times)
ALM (3 times)
TT (3 times)
1997 Degradation of quillaja saponins by mixed culture of rumen microbes.
quasispecies
(17 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
HBV (7 times)
HCV (7 times)
CHB (3 times)
2003 Sequence variation in the hypervariable region 1 of hepatitis C virus and posttransplantation recurrent hepatitis.
quinine sulfate
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
CE (3 times)
HCl (2 times)
LIF (2 times)
1977 Treatment of atrial fibrillation in three racehorses.
quality score
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CR (2 times)
ECG (2 times)
PRD (2 times)
2003 Evaluating the reliability and validity of three tools to assess the quality of health information on the Internet.
anti-quorum sensing
(12 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
AHL (4 times)
AIs (1 time)
ASE (1 time)
2009 Oxidative DNA damage protective activity, antioxidant and anti-quorum sensing potentials of Moringa oleifera.
10  quiet standing
(11 times)
Anthropology, Physical
(3 times)
ES (3 times)
COP (2 times)
PWM (2 times)
2001 Effect of long-term bedrest on lower leg muscle activation patterns during quiet standing.
11  quadriceps strength
(10 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ACL (2 times)
TUG (2 times)
10MWT (1 time)
2002 Bone quality and bone mass as assessed by quantitative ultrasound and dual energy x ray absorptiometry in women with rheumatoid arthritis: relationship with quadriceps strength.
12  quality standards
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
EQS (3 times)
WFD (2 times)
BAF (1 time)
2007 Use of field data to support European Water Framework Directive quality standards for dissolved metals.
13  quality system
(10 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
FDA (3 times)
cGMP (2 times)
ANPRM (1 time)
1998 Medical devices; reconditioners, rebuilders of medical devices; revocation of compliance policy guide; request for comments--FDA. Notice.
14  quick score
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
IHC (4 times)
LI (2 times)
MOD (2 times)
1993 Quantitation of immunocytochemical estrogen and progesterone receptor content in fine needle aspirates of breast carcinoma using the SAMBA 4000 image analysis system.
15  quadriceps-sparing
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
MP (5 times)
TKA (5 times)
RCTs (3 times)
2007 [Minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty through a quadriceps sparing approach: a comparative study].
16  quadrupole splitting
(8 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
IS (4 times)
CG (1 time)
DMAP (1 time)
1978 [Study of the state of intracellular iron in photosynthesizing purple sulfur bacteria using the Mossbauer effect].
17  Quality-switched
(7 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
PIH (2 times)
IW (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2004 Treatment of exogenous ochronosis with a Q-switched alexandrite (755 nm) laser.
18  quartz sand
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
MWCNTs (2 times)
BC (1 time)
BPEI-AgNPs (1 time)
2008 Dual-function growth medium and structural soil for use as porous pavement.
19  quasi-static
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AgNSs (1 time)
EM (1 time)
EQS-HBC (1 time)
2002 A new method for incorporating weighted temporal and spatial smoothing in the inverse problem of electrocardiography.
20  quorum sensing system
(7 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
AIs (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CIP (1 time)
2009 [Regulation of GacA on two phz gene clusters and quorum sensing in Pseudomonas sp. M18].
21  quantitative sequencing
(6 times)
Zoology
(3 times)
FCVB (1 time)
kdr (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2008 Determination of permethrin resistance allele frequency of human head louse populations by quantitative sequencing.
22  quasistationary
(6 times)
Physics
(5 times)
CP (2 times)
DKCA (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2002 Quasistationary distributions for the Domany-Kinzel stochastic cellular automaton.
23  quantified self
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
EMA (1 time)
ESM (1 time)
2013 The Quantified Self: Fundamental Disruption in Big Data Science and Biological Discovery.
24  quantitative scoring
(5 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
SQS (2 times)
DAS28 (1 time)
FLIS (1 time)
2012 Head-to-head comparison of quantitative and semi-quantitative ultrasound scoring systems for rheumatoid arthritis: reliability, agreement and construct validity.
25  questionnaire score
(5 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DDs (1 time)
GER (1 time)
2005 Childhood Graves' ophthalmopathy: results of a European questionnaire study.
26  quiet stance
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AV (1 time)
COP (1 time)
COPE (1 time)
2002 Outcomes after trans-tibial amputation: the relationship between quiet stance ability, strength of hip abductor muscles and gait.
27  quadrangular space
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
ABPB (1 time)
ENMPA (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
2005 Surgical anatomy of the axillary nerve within the quadrangular space.
28  quadriceps
(4 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
ACL (1 time)
ACP (1 time)
BFI (1 time)
2010 [Cost analysis of implant-free replacement of anterior cruciate ligament].
29  quadriceps setting
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
VL (3 times)
VM (3 times)
BMI (1 time)
1996 Reliability of non-normalized and normalized integrated EMG during maximal isometric contractions in females.
30  quality and safety
(4 times)
Hospital Administration
(1 time)
HWQS (1 time)
SLs (1 time)
TLs (1 time)
2013 Leadership, a central ingredient for a successful quality agenda: a qualitative study of Canadian leaders' perspectives.
31  quantitative susceptibility
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
MS (4 times)
CIS (2 times)
CN (2 times)
2014 Multiple sclerosis: improved identification of disease-relevant changes in gray and white matter by using susceptibility-based MR imaging.
32  quickscan
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CBI (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
IADSA (1 time)
1991 Quickscan: Doppler ultrasound emulation of angiography--its value prior to arteriography in peripheral vascular disease.
33  Quillaja saponaria Molina
(4 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BBE (1 time)
KGI (1 time)
LMS (1 time)
2010 Nanoparticulate Quillaja saponin induces apoptosis in human leukemia cell lines with a high therapeutic index.
34  quinolone-susceptible
(4 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
QR (3 times)
CI (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2006 Differential effects of levofloxacin and ciprofloxacin on the risk for isolation of quinolone-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
35  QS-21
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
OEA (2 times)
AH (1 time)
NV (1 time)
2003 Relationship between the immune response and protection conferred by new designed inactivated vaccines against ovine enzootic abortion in a mouse model.
36  Quackenbush Swiss
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
BP (1 time)
ILI (1 time)
2001 Telemetric monitoring of adrenocorticotrophin-induced hypertension in mice.
37  quadriceps snip
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
TTO (2 times)
KSS (1 time)
QP (1 time)
2013 Tibial tubercle osteotomy or quadriceps snip in two-stage revision for prosthetic knee infection? A randomized prospective study.
38  quadriceps strengthening
(3 times)
Arthritis
(2 times)
NEXA (2 times)
OA (2 times)
MCR (1 time)
2010 Effects of vastus medialis oblique retraining versus general quadriceps strengthening on vasti onset.
39  quality assurance
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CIRS (1 time)
PM (1 time)
SHI (1 time)
2002 [External quality assurance of medical rehabilitation in statutory health insurance].
40  quantitation standard
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
HBV (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
OD (1 time)
2002 Improvement of AMPLICOR human immunodeficiency virus type 1 viral load test (version 1.5) by addition of a coprecipitant during the RNA isolation step.
41  quantum mechanically mixed-spin
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
RR (2 times)
BHA (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
1999 The quantum mixed-spin heme state of barley peroxidase: A paradigm for class III peroxidases.
42  quick stretch
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
BSM (1 time)
EFS (1 time)
IgE (1 time)
1997 Passive sensitization of human airways induces myogenic contractile responses in vitro.
43  Quickset
(3 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
CPCs (2 times)
CPC (1 time)
FBS (1 time)
2014 Evaluation of compressive strength of hydraulic silicate-based root-end filling materials.
44  quiet sitting
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
SS (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
ANYB (1 time)
2005 Validity of accelerometry for measurement of activity in people with brain injury.
45  Quillaja saponaria extract
(3 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
AGP (1 time)
CsAuNPs (1 time)
ESFh (1 time)
2002 Effects of a Quillaja saponaria extract on growth performance and immune function of weanling pigs challenged with Salmonella typhimurium.
46  quinolinate synthetase
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ASO (1 time)
NAMPT (1 time)
NMNAT (1 time)
2008 The Arabidopsis onset of leaf death5 mutation of quinolinate synthase affects nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide biosynthesis and causes early ageing.
47  Qanadli score
(2 times)
Thoracic Diseases
(1 time)
PE (2 times)
6MWT (1 time)
CTPA (1 time)
2016 Diagnostic implications of computed tomography pulmonary angiography in patients with pulmonary embolism.
48  QIAamp DNA Stool Mini Kit
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
IRT (1 time)
PM (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2018 Comparison of DNA extraction methods for human gut microbial community profiling.
49  quadrant scaling
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CHX (2 times)
AZ (1 time)
FMD (1 time)
2015 Periodontal Therapy Effects on Nitrite Related to Oral Bacteria: A 6-Month Randomized Clinical Trial.
50  quadric surfaces
(2 times)
Anthropology
(1 time)
ALs (1 time)
2015 Femoral curvature variability in modern humans using three-dimensional quadric surface fitting.
51  quadrilateral space
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PCHA (1 time)
QSS (1 time)
2015 Quadrilateral space syndrome: the Mayo Clinic experience with a new classification system and case series.
52  qualified success
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
CS (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
2008 Immunosuppressive therapy for ocular mucous membrane pemphigoid strategies and outcomes.
53  qualitative survival
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
GKS (2 times)
KPS (2 times)
NLFS (2 times)
2005 Gamma knife surgery for brain metastases: indications for and limitations of a local treatment protocol.
54  quality sleep
(2 times)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
AEE/BM (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
EB (1 time)
2013 Disadvantageous shift in energy balance is primarily expressed in high-quality sleepers after a decline in quality sleep because of disturbance.
55  quantum scattering
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
FM (2 times)
MTEs (1 time)
2012 Depolarization of rotational angular momentum in CN(A2Pi, v = 4) + Ar collisions.
56  quantum similarity
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
GQSMS (1 time)
MQS (1 time)
2011 Communications on quantum similarity, part 3: a geometric-quantum similarity molecular superposition algorithm.
57  quaternary structure
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PDB (1 time)
2010 Analysis and prediction of protein quaternary structure.
58  quatsomes
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ACQ (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
DPPs (1 time)
2018 Highly Stable and Red-Emitting Nanovesicles Incorporating Lipophilic Diketopyrrolopyrroles for Cell Imaging.
59  quercetin+sedentary
(2 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
PS (2 times)
PT (2 times)
QT (2 times)
2013 Ergogenic effects of quercetin supplementation in trained rats.
60  Quikscreen
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CYT (1 time)
QID (1 time)
2001 Characterization of HLA class I specific antibodies by ELISA using solubilized antigen targets: I. Evaluation of the GTI QuikID assay and analysis of antibody patterns.
61  Quinacrine female nonsurgical sterilization
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
AE (2 times)
2003 Quinacrine female nonsurgical sterilization (QS): endometrial assessment by vaginal ultrasonography in 128 women.
62  quinacrine non-surgical sterilization
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
--- 2003 The acceptability, efficacy and safety of quinacrine non-surgical sterilization (QS), tubectomy and vasectomy in 5 provinces in the Red River Delta, Vietnam: a follow-up of 15,190 cases.
63  quinapyramine sulfate
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
QS-NPs (1 time)
2014 Quinapyramine sulfate-loaded sodium alginate nanoparticles show enhanced trypanocidal activity.
64  quinoa saponins
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
aP2 (1 time)
ATS (1 time)
C. perfringens (1 time)
2015 Suppressive effects of saponin-enriched extracts from quinoa on 3T3-L1 adipocyte differentiation.
65  quorum-sensing signal
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EcEDF (1 time)
EDF (1 time)
SN (1 time)
2013 Novel quorum-sensing peptides mediating interspecies bacterial cell death.
66  Q wave square
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1993 [Biochemical and electrocardiographic methods in the intravital assessment of metabolic disorders in the heart muscle of myocardial infarct patients].
67  q-space
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
dMRI (1 time)
dPDF (1 time)
2018 Comparison of cumulant expansion and q-space imaging estimates for diffusional kurtosis in brain.
68  Q-switched lasers
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Tattoo removal by Q-switched Nd:YAG laser: an objective evaluation using histometry.
69  Q-switched neodymium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
LM (1 time)
2009 Lentigo maligna--outcomes of treatment with Q-switched Nd:YAG and alexandrite lasers.
70  qi stagnation
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
BS (1 time)
FD (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of medical students using the "qi, blood, and fluid" system of Kampo medicine.
71  Qiagen Stool
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
MB (1 time)
2008 Fecal collection, ambient preservation, and DNA extraction for PCR amplification of bacterial and human markers from human feces.
72  Qiangshi
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
DY (1 time)
KB (1 time)
2009 Joint effects of cadmium and lead on seedlings of four Chinese cabbage cultivars in northeastern China.
73  Qianshan
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
AMOVA (1 time)
ISSR (1 time)
UPGMA (1 time)
2016 Genetic diversity and population structure of the Chinese Fungus Metarhizium rileyi causing green muscardine in silkworm.
74  QIAsymphony
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
cfDNA (1 time)
ctDNA (1 time)
MX (1 time)
2019 High-throughput isolation of circulating tumor DNA: acomparison of automated platforms.
75  Qingxiang San
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
NCG (1 time)
QSG (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2008 [Influence of Qingxiang San on substance P, somatostatin in rats model with the spleen and stomach wet heat syndrome].
76  Qishen Yiqi droplet
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
MCT (1 time)
2017 [Effect of Qishen Yiqi droplet on adenylate contents in myocardium of cor pulmonale rats].
77  QS Qualitat und Sicherheit GmbH
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 Antibiotic drug usage in pigs in Germany-Are the class profiles changing?
78  QSbio
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
QScon (1 time)
RIVPACS (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
2014 Accounting for both local aquatic community composition and bioavailability in setting site-specific quality standards for zinc.
79  QSIs
(1 time)
--- 2015 Nanoporous Superhydrophobic Coatings that Promote the Extended Release of Water-Labile Quorum Sensing Inhibitors and Enable Long-Term Modulation of Quorum Sensing in Staphylococcus aureus.
80  QSm-QSt
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CRT (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2005 Predictive parameters of left ventricular reverse remodeling in response to cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with severe congestive heart failure.
81  Quackenbush Special
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
Con A (1 time)
DCR (1 time)
1995 Uterine receptivity to the artificial deciduogenic agent, concanavalin A, in pseudopregnant QS mice.
82  quadriceps femoris muscle setting
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
SLR (1 time)
1987 Electromyographic analysis of knee exercises in healthy subjects and in patients with knee pathologies.
83  quadriceps femoris setting
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
QF (1 time)
SLR (1 time)
1993 Electromyographic analysis of exercises proposed for differential activation of medial and lateral quadriceps femoris muscle components.
84  quadriceps isometric strength
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EU (1 time)
HS (1 time)
HS30s (1 time)
2013 Quality of life, muscle strength, and fatigue perception in patients on suppressive therapy with levothyroxine for differentiated thyroid carcinoma.
85  quadriceps muscle
(1 time)
Respiratory Tract Diseases
(1 time)
6MWD (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
EP (1 time)
2014 Association between peripheral muscle strength, exercise performance, and physical activity in daily life in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
86  Quadriceps muscle strength
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
FEV1 (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
2018 Prevalence, determinants and clinical correlates of vitamin D deficiency in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in London, UK.
87  quadriphase source
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CRIV (1 time)
1999 Ultrasound imaging using variations of the iterative Born technique [biomedical diagnosis].
88  quadruple-shelled
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HoMSs (1 time)
MOFs (1 time)
STA (1 time)
2019 Hollow Multi-Shelled Structures of Co3O4 Dodecahedron with Unique Crystal Orientation for Enhanced Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction.
89  quadsparing
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
TKA (1 time)
2009 [Quadsparing approach in total knee arthroplasty].
90  qualified experienced surgeon
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
LDG (1 time)
QS group (1 time)
TR (1 time)
2019 Feasibility and safety of laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy performed by trainees supervised by an experienced qualified surgeon.
91  qualitative estimates of spermatorrhoea
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
UCM (1 time)
UTM (1 time)
2018 Behavioral and endocrine responses to season and social dynamics of captive male southern hairy-nosed wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons).
92  qualitative scoring system
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
DBM (1 time)
SHAM (1 time)
2007 Osteoinductivity of demineralized bone matrix in immunocompromised mice and rats is decreased by ovariectomy and restored by estrogen replacement.
93  qualite des soins
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
2018 Mutuelles de sante en Afrique : caracteristiques et relations contractuelles avec les prestataires de soins pour la prise en charge de la qualite des soins.
94  quality assurance database
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2016 Patients under Psychiatric Medication Undergoing Cardiac Surgery Have a Higher Risk for Adverse Events.
95  quality of healing score
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
OME (1 time)
PLA (1 time)
SCR (1 time)
1995 Quality of gastric ulcer healing. Is it influenced by antiulcer drugs?
96  quality of survival
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
NICU (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
VLBWI (1 time)
2009 [Effectiveness assessment of a neonatal intensive care program for very low birth weight infants. Impact of surfactant administration].
97  quality science
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
GLP (1 time)
QA (1 time)
1999 Quality science and quality assurance: observations of an environmental scientist.
98  quantal size
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Rapid change of quantal size in PC-12 cells detected by neural networks.
99  quantitative perfusion lung scanning
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1988 Prospective prediction of post-radiation therapy lung function using quantitative lung scans and pulmonary function testing.
100  quantitative saccharification
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
SH (1 time)
2013 A new correction method for determination on carbohydrates in lignocellulosic biomass.