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Abbreviation: RA
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Long forms: 1021

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
rheumatoid arthritis
(35829 times)
Rheumatology
(17667 times)
OA (2211 times)
MTX (1889 times)
SLE (1829 times)
0 Prevalence, Course, and Associated Factors of Pain in the Temporomandibular Joint in Early Rheumatoid Arthritis: Results of a Longitudinal Cohort Study.
retinoic acid
(6547 times)
Cell Biology
(1117 times)
RAR (341 times)
APL (202 times)
RARs (201 times)
1977 Effects of retinoic acid on embryonic chick skin.
right atrium
(1343 times)
Cardiology
(797 times)
LA (340 times)
RV (266 times)
AF (264 times)
1975 Lamb fetal pulmonary fluid. II. Fate of phosphatidylcholine.
all-trans-retinoic acid
(516 times)
Neoplasms
(118 times)
RAR (26 times)
APL (24 times)
RARs (17 times)
1981 Effects of retinoic acid and other retinoids on the growth and differentiation of 3T3 supported human keratinocytes.
radial artery
(485 times)
Cardiology
(235 times)
CABG (123 times)
ITA (52 times)
LITA (48 times)
1990 Release of EDRF from canine renal artery by leukotriene D4.
refractory anemia
(474 times)
Hematology
(287 times)
MDS (346 times)
RAEB (248 times)
RARS (136 times)
0 [Clinically relevant possibilities and limits of differential diagnosis of megaloblastic anemia and myelodysplastic syndrome- refractory anemia type in bone marrow biopsies].
rosmarinic acid
(378 times)
Pharmacology
(61 times)
CA (36 times)
ROS (16 times)
SAB (16 times)
1979 Interactions between parallel pathways during biosynthesis of rosmarinic acid in cell suspension cultures of Coleus blumei.
rectus abdominis
(255 times)
Physiology
(69 times)
EO (94 times)
EMG (91 times)
ES (74 times)
1981 Electrophoretic analysis of proteins from single bovine muscle fibres.
robust nucleus of the archistriatum
(215 times)
Neurology
(137 times)
HVC (75 times)
LMAN (34 times)
MAN (14 times)
1980 Quantitative analysis of sex differences in hormone accumulation in the zebra finch brain: methodological and theoretical issues.
10  room air
(215 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(46 times)
IH (37 times)
BPD (16 times)
HR (16 times)
1982 Airway cooling and nocturnal asthma.
11  rotational atherectomy
(164 times)
Cardiology
(134 times)
PCI (42 times)
MACE (36 times)
DES (24 times)
1994 Rotational coronary atherectomy with adjunctive balloon angioplasty for the treatment of ostial lesions.
12  regional anesthesia
(153 times)
Anesthesiology
(61 times)
GA (82 times)
CEA (19 times)
CI (12 times)
1989 Cost effectiveness of regional anesthesia in carotid endarterectomy.
13  renal artery
(136 times)
General Surgery
(40 times)
SMA (16 times)
CA (12 times)
MCA (10 times)
1978 Effects of norepinephrine, dopamine and potassium on tension and 45Ca fluxes in canine and rabbit renal arteries.
14  rapidly adapting
(127 times)
Neurology
(79 times)
SA (61 times)
PC (26 times)
SAI (12 times)
1975 Afferent fibers from mystacial vibrissae of cats and seals.
15  risk assessment
(88 times)
Environmental Health
(24 times)
LCA (7 times)
JD (4 times)
EPM (3 times)
1995 Use of mechanistic information in risk assessment for toxic chemicals.
16  RapidArc
(84 times)
Neoplasms
(49 times)
IMRT (28 times)
PTV (24 times)
HT (18 times)
2009 On the performances of Intensity Modulated Protons, RapidArc and Helical Tomotherapy for selected paediatric cases.
17  Ras association
(64 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
PH (8 times)
SAM (7 times)
RASSF (5 times)
1998 Identification of Ce-AF-6, a novel Caenorhabditis elegans protein, as a putative Ras effector.
18  rheumatoid
(61 times)
Rheumatology
(33 times)
OA (20 times)
PsA (13 times)
SF (6 times)
1975 The origins and relative distribution of polysaccharidases in rheumatoid and osteoarthritic fluids.
19  renin-angiotensin
(57 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
Ang II (10 times)
ACE (8 times)
PRA (8 times)
1980 Knowledge of the hormonal peculiarities of essential arterial hypertension may direct therapy and prevent errors.
20  Radix Astragali
(53 times)
Complementary Therapies
(13 times)
DBT (9 times)
RAS (9 times)
RR (9 times)
1996 [The inhibitory effects of Radix Astragali on hypoxic pulmonary hypertension of rats].
21  relative anisotropy
(53 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(24 times)
FA (37 times)
DTI (34 times)
ADC (19 times)
1999 A study of rotationally invariant and symmetric indices of diffusion anisotropy.
22  relative abundance
(51 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(12 times)
COCs (4 times)
NT (4 times)
RT-PCR (4 times)
1998 Analysis of variation in relative mRNA abundance for specific gene transcripts in single bovine oocytes and early embryos.
23  robustus archistriatalis
(49 times)
Neurology
(30 times)
HVc (29 times)
MAN (4 times)
BOS (3 times)
1979 Projections of a telencephalic auditory nucleus-field L-in the canary.
24  retinyl acetate
(47 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
DMBA (5 times)
ODC (4 times)
BHLs (2 times)
1975 Vitamin A and benzo(a)pyrene carcinogenesis in the respiratory tract of hamsters fed a semisynthetic diet.
25  Riemerella anatipestifer
(42 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(22 times)
PCR (4 times)
E. coli (3 times)
AC-ELISA (2 times)
1998 Phenotypic characteristics of Riemerella anatipestifer and similar micro-organisms from various hosts.
26  rim area
(42 times)
Ophthalmology
(38 times)
HRT (15 times)
RNFL (11 times)
DA (10 times)
1999 Comparison between laser scanning tomography and computerised image analysis of the optic disc.
27  renin activity
(40 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
Ang II (7 times)
NO (6 times)
PF (6 times)
1977 Renin activity in the brain, the kidneys and the peripheral plasma or rats with different experimental models of hypertension.
28  radiographic absorptiometry
(36 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
BMD (18 times)
DXA (17 times)
QUS (10 times)
1994 Comparison of radiographic absorptiometry with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and quantitative computed tomography in normal older white and black women.
29  rotational angiography
(36 times)
Radiology
(16 times)
DSA (9 times)
CT (2 times)
SA (2 times)
2002 Comparison of three-dimensional rotational angiography with digital subtraction angiography in the assessment of ruptured cerebral aneurysms.
30  retrograde amnesia
(32 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
AA (7 times)
AD (2 times)
HPC (2 times)
1973 Factors influencing one-trial passive avoidance behavior: implications for studies of retrograde amnesia (RA).
31  ricinoleic acid
(26 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
SA (6 times)
LA (3 times)
Ea (2 times)
1979 Intestinal bile salts in cystic fibrosis: studies in the patient and experimental animal.
32  robot-assisted
(25 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
ePLND (2 times)
FH (2 times)
MIS (2 times)
2009 Epiphrenic diverticulum: robotic-assisted transhiatal approach.
33  rumenic acid
(24 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
VA (8 times)
CLA (7 times)
LA (4 times)
1987 Histochemical study of the accumulation of copper in the liver of sheep.
34  research assistant
(23 times)
Emergency Medicine
(5 times)
ED (6 times)
CIs (2 times)
EP (2 times)
2002 Barriers and facilitators in nursing home intervention research.
35  refractory ascites
(21 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
TIPS (6 times)
LVP (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1996 Home ascites drainage using a permanent Tenckhoff catheter.
36  ring aromatic
(21 times)
Molecular Biology
(10 times)
HBA (13 times)
HY (11 times)
HBD (6 times)
2002 Three-dimensional common-feature hypotheses for octopamine agonist 2-(arylimino)imidazolidines.
37  reading age
(20 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
CA (16 times)
RD (3 times)
DYS (2 times)
1987 Paired associate learning in reading-disabled children: evidence for a rule-learning deficiency.
38  risk area
(18 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
IS (6 times)
MCE (5 times)
LAD (4 times)
1988 The effects of lipoxygenase inhibitor and peptidoleukotriene antagonist on myocardial injury in a canine coronary occlusion-reperfusion model.
39  ritalinic acid
(18 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
MPH (14 times)
LOQ (2 times)
SRM (2 times)
1983 Pharmacokinetics of methylphenidate in man, rat and monkey.
40  rounded atelectasis
(18 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(6 times)
CT (5 times)
HRCT (2 times)
ABs (1 time)
1981 Rounded atelectasis and its association with asbestos-induced pleural disease.
41  Rasch analysis
(17 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
CTT (4 times)
DIF (3 times)
CS (2 times)
2003 Classical Test Theory versus Rasch analysis for quality of life questionnaire reduction.
42  rheumatoid arthritis patients
(17 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
MNC (2 times)
PBMC (2 times)
AI (1 time)
1984 Inhibitory effect of sera from rheumatoid arthritis patients and enhancing effect of levamisole on total E-rosette levels of lymphoid cells from normal and RA subjects.
43  residential area
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
IA (5 times)
TA (5 times)
CA (4 times)
2008 Heavy metal accumulation in medicinal plants collected from environmentally different sites.
44  respiratory arrest
(16 times)
Brain
(3 times)
SUDEP (4 times)
CA (3 times)
HG (3 times)
1990 Intracerebral crises during treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis.
45  retroauricular
(16 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
MFL (3 times)
TA (3 times)
ND (2 times)
2009 Expression of PTEN and phosphorylated Akt in human cholesteatoma epithelium.
46  relative area
(15 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
CT (4 times)
COPD (3 times)
TLC (3 times)
1999 Effect of slaughter weight and/or age on histological characteristics of pig longissimus dorsi muscle as related to meat quality.
47  beta-all-trans-retinoic acid
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
alpha-EGF (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
1980 Effects of retinoic acid on plasminogen activator and mitogenic responses of cultured mouse cells.
48  rat aorta
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
LM (3 times)
ACh (2 times)
HSV (2 times)
1991 [Effect of amlodipine, a new calcium antagonist on isolated blood vessels].
49  reading acuity
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
CPS (9 times)
MRS (9 times)
ACC (1 time)
2005 Improved visual acuity and macular thickness 1 week after intravitreal triamcinolone for diabetic macular oedema.
50  Renal Association
(14 times)
Nephrology
(14 times)
HD (14 times)
PD (8 times)
RRT (8 times)
2007 Serum calcium, phosphate, parathyroid hormone, albumin, aluminium and cholesterol achievement on replacement therapy (chapter 9).
51  reactive arthritis
(13 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
GBS (2 times)
ADA (1 time)
AE (1 time)
1983 [Yersinia enterocolitica and pseudotuberculosis reactive arthritis with antinuclear antibodies. 4 cases].
52  recycled aggregate
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
RAC (4 times)
SEM (3 times)
SCC (2 times)
2006 Utilization of municipal solid waste bottom ash and recycled aggregate in concrete.
53  relative activity
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
Ac (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
1977 The generation of nerve and muscle repetivie activity in the rat phrenic nerve-diaphragm preparation following inhibition of cholinesterase by ecothiopate.
54  relative amplitude
(13 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
IS (8 times)
NPCRA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2004 Gender-dependent differences in biological rhythms of mice.
55  ricin A chain
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
dgRA (2 times)
IT (2 times)
mAb (2 times)
1982 Chinese hamster cell variants resistant to the A chain of ricin carry altered ribosome function.
56  robotic adrenalectomy
(13 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
LA (9 times)
CT (2 times)
ICG (2 times)
2010 Laparoscopic and robotic assisted adrenal surgery.
57  rapid acetylator
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
SA (10 times)
NAT2 (6 times)
IA (3 times)
1997 NAT2 genotyping and efficacy of sulfasalazine in patients with chronic discoid lupus erythematosus.
58  real acupuncture
(12 times)
Complementary Therapies
(6 times)
SA (11 times)
HRV (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2002 Short-term acupuncture therapy is of no benefit in patients with moderate persistent asthma.
59  reference area
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
IA (3 times)
HQs (2 times)
IHHP (2 times)
1995 Selected aspects of the population health status in ecological hazard areas in comparison with ecologically "clean area". III. localisation of urban regions with high mortality from all and from the circulatory system diseases.
60  right atrial pressure
(12 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
CI (6 times)
PCW (3 times)
HR (2 times)
1976 Non-invasive assessment of the performance of the right heart during dynamic exercise, a study of left-sided heart disease.
61  Ringer's acetate
(12 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
FFP (2 times)
NS (2 times)
BPH (1 time)
1988 Hydroxyethyl starch 120, dextran 70 and acetated Ringer's solution: hemodilution, albumin, colloid osmotic pressure and fluid balance following replacement of blood loss in pigs.
62  radionuclide angiography
(11 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
CV (2 times)
EF (2 times)
LVEF (2 times)
1981 Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) does not depress left ventricular function in patients with pulmonary edema.
63  renal amyloidosis
(11 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
FMF (4 times)
ESRD (2 times)
HD (2 times)
1993 [Blood lipids in renal amyloidosis].
64  residual activity
(11 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
BF (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1988 [Esophageal motility dysfunction and radioisotopes. Its modification with a calcium channel blocker].
65  risk adjustment
(11 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(4 times)
SPC (2 times)
APR-DRG (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
2000 Reconciling quality measurement with financial risk adjustment in health plans.
66  Raddeanin A
(10 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
ROS (3 times)
CAM (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2013 Determination of Raddeanin A in rat plasma by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry: application to a pharmacokinetic study.
67  radial
(10 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
CABG (2 times)
DPA (2 times)
IMA (2 times)
2000 Platelets and prostacyclin in arterial bypasses: implications for coronary artery surgery.
68  radial access
(10 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
FA (9 times)
OR (6 times)
CI (4 times)
2006 Randomized comparison of operator radiation exposure during coronary angiography and intervention by radial or femoral approach.
69  radiation-attenuated
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
DCs (2 times)
APCs (1 time)
DDCs (1 time)
2003 Interleukin-12 p40 secretion by cutaneous CD11c+ and F4/80+ cells is a major feature of the innate immune response in mice that develop Th1-mediated protective immunity to Schistosoma mansoni.
70  reflection-absorption
(10 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
IR (4 times)
LB (3 times)
OEG (3 times)
1997 [Structural characterization of copper-phthalocyanine thin solid films by FTIR spectroscopy].
71  refractive astigmatism
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
CA (3 times)
ACA (2 times)
CCT (2 times)
2011 Correlation between refractive error, corneal power, and thickness in a large population with a wide range of ametropia.
72  relative analgesia
(10 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
DGA (2 times)
GA (2 times)
GDPs (2 times)
2001 Dental caries, age and anxiety: factors influencing sedation choice for children attending for emergency dental care.
73  relative asymmetry
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
BW (2 times)
AB (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1997 Developmental stability in stocks of White Leghorn chickens.
74  reperfusion arrhythmia
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
VF (3 times)
AMI (2 times)
Cx43 (2 times)
1992 [Reperfusion arrhythmias in acute myocardial infarction].
75  respiratory acidosis
(10 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
MA (4 times)
COPD (2 times)
ABD (1 time)
1977 Effect of respiratory acidosis and activity on airway smooth muscle intracellular pH.
76  rhodotorulic acid
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AG (1 time)
BR (1 time)
DF (1 time)
1978 Coordination chemistry of microbial iron transport compounds: rhodotorulic acid and iron uptake in Rhodotorula pilimanae.
77  robustus arcopallialis
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
RAm (2 times)
D3Rs (1 time)
DDT (1 time)
2005 Calcium-binding proteins define interneurons in HVC of the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata).
78  ratio
(9 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
PAPi (3 times)
RV (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
1996 Noninvasive quantification of dopamine D2 receptors with iodine-123-IBF SPECT.
79  rebaudioside A
(9 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
ST (3 times)
Cou6 (1 time)
FD (1 time)
1991 Transfructosylation of rebaudioside A (a sweet glycoside of Stevia leaves) with Microbacterium beta-fructofuranosidase.
80  regional
(9 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
GA (8 times)
LA (5 times)
EVAR (2 times)
1996 The differing effects of regional and general anaesthesia on cerebral metabolism during carotid endarterectomy.
81  regression analysis
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CA (2 times)
ANNs (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1985 Discriminant analysis for predicting dystocia in beef cattle. I. Comparison with regression analysis.
82  renal
(9 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CA (2 times)
HR (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
1987 Splanchnic and renal hemodynamic responses to intraportal infusion of glucagon.
83  respiratory activity
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
BP (2 times)
CC (2 times)
MSC (2 times)
1979 Effects of anemia and growth retardation on respiratory activity in the piglet.
84  rural area
(9 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
UA (5 times)
MA (2 times)
US (2 times)
1985 Failure and efficacy of insulin therapy in insulin dependent (type I) diabetic patients.
85  RA group
(8 times)
Biomedical Research
(2 times)
CSF (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
BDHQ (1 time)
2015 Rheumatoid arthritis patients with hip fracture: a nationwide study.
86  radioactivity
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
2,3- and 2,5-diOH (1 time)
AG (1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
1976 125I-labelled botulinum A neurotoxin: pharmacokinetics in cats after intramuscular injection.
87  rapidly
(8 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
SA (4 times)
CDP (1 time)
DAB (1 time)
1982 Geometry and orientation of thalamocortical arborizations in the cat somatosensory cortex as revealed by computer reconstruction.
88  recreationally active
(8 times)
Exercise
(3 times)
MA (3 times)
ET (2 times)
LMA (2 times)
2002 Slow component of [V]O(2) kinetics: the effect of training status, fibre type, UCP3 mRNA and citrate synthase activity.
89  relative absorption
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
RCT (4 times)
4MB (1 time)
BU (1 time)
1992 Real-time measurement of microcirculation of skin by reflectance spectrophotometry.
90  reproductive allocation
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
SCR (1 time)
SRA (1 time)
2007 Equivalence of three allocation currencies as estimates of reproductive allocation and somatic cost of reproduction in Pinguicula vulgaris.
91  respiratory amplitude
(8 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
BR (2 times)
GEL (2 times)
VIL (2 times)
1977 Ventilatory responses to CO2 in the chicken: intrapulmonary and systemic chemoreceptors.
92  response accuracy
(8 times)
Cognitive Science
(2 times)
RT (3 times)
fMRI (2 times)
RL (2 times)
2003 Response latency in Canis familiaris: mental ability or mental strategy?
93  right auricle
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
LV (5 times)
RV (3 times)
beta-AR (2 times)
1992 Myocardial hypertrophy, cardiac beta-adrenoceptors and adenylate cyclase activity during sinoaortic denervation in dogs.
94  risk-adjusted
(8 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CUSUM (2 times)
EWMA (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
2009 Risk-adjusted monitoring of survival times.
95  ruffle-ended ameloblasts
(8 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
SA (7 times)
HSP (2 times)
CAII (1 time)
1987 Cyclic localization of actin and its relationship to junctional complexes in maturation ameloblasts of the rat incisor.
96  rapamycin
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AGEs (2 times)
3-MA (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
1994 Dose-dependent pharmacokinetics of rapamycin-28-N,N-dimethylglycinate in the mouse.
97  recurrent abortions
(7 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
ACA (1 time)
AD (1 time)
ANA (1 time)
1999 Factor V leiden and factor II G20210A mutations in patients with recurrent abortion.
98  renal agenesis
(7 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
MCDK (4 times)
AGTR2 (1 time)
AUA (1 time)
2002 Congenital renal agenesis: case-control analysis of birth characteristics.
99  repeated acquisition
(7 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CPF (1 time)
LCR (1 time)
PD (1 time)
1993 The effects of lead exposure on learning in a multiple repeated acquisition and performance schedule.
100  rescue allocation
(7 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
AA (2 times)
CN (2 times)
LT (2 times)
2009 Rescue allocation for liver transplantation within Eurotransplant: the Heidelberg experience.