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Abbreviation: RAA
Appearance Frequency: 597 time(s)
Long forms: 90

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
right atrial appendage
(155 times)
Cardiology
(107 times)
AF (68 times)
LAA (28 times)
LA (22 times)
1980 Visualization of right atrial appendix by thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy: concise communication.
renin-angiotensin-aldosterone
(149 times)
Vascular Diseases
(29 times)
PRA (31 times)
ACE (15 times)
BP (15 times)
1972 [The significance of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAA) in pathophysiology and diagnosis].
renal artery aneurysm
(63 times)
Vascular Diseases
(23 times)
CT (5 times)
CTA (4 times)
RAS (3 times)
1989 Renal artery aneurysm: selective treatment for hypertension and prevention of rupture.
right aortic arch
(48 times)
Obstetrics
(14 times)
LAA (4 times)
ALSA (3 times)
CHD (3 times)
1983 Two-dimensional echocardiographic recognition of the right aortic arch.
right-sided aortic arch
(24 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
EA/TEF (3 times)
CT (2 times)
EA (2 times)
1997 Cardiovascular malformations in rat fetuses with oesophageal atresia and tracheo-oesophageal fistula induced by adriamycin.
reasoned action approach
(18 times)
Health Services
(5 times)
PBC (3 times)
PA (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2011 Factors associated with participation in work-site wellness programs: implications for increasing willingness among rural service employees.
relative antitumor activity
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ADM (2 times)
ATC (2 times)
CRC (1 time)
1992 [Chemosensitivity testing of adenocystic tongue and gingival cancer cell lines].
reduced ascorbic acid
(8 times)
Internal Medicine
(2 times)
TBARS (6 times)
CFS (2 times)
CPK (1 time)
1981 Distinct enzymatic responses in mice exposed to a range of low doses of ozone.
right atrial area
(8 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
TR (4 times)
RV (3 times)
PAH (2 times)
1997 Beneficial effect of balloon mitral valvotomy in reducing severity of associated tricuspid regurgitation.
10  Rapid appraisal approach
(7 times)
Social Sciences
(7 times)
UV (4 times)
FC (2 times)
2013 Indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants from Gujranwala district, Pakistan.
11  reactive accelerated aging
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
aRAA (1 time)
IrOx (1 time)
MEAs (1 time)
2015 Rapid evaluation of the durability of cortical neural implants using accelerated aging with reactive oxygen species.
12  Reduction ascending aortoplasty
(5 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
BAV (2 times)
AAR (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2007 Unsupported reduction ascending aortoplasty: fate of diameter and of Windkessel function.
13  right axillary artery
(4 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CPB (3 times)
LCCA (2 times)
SCP (2 times)
1992 [Operative management of Stanford type A aortic dissection using selective cerebral perfusion].
14  RA area
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
RA (3 times)
AE (1 time)
AS (1 time)
2017 Influence of echocardiographic and radiographic characteristics on atrial sensing amplitude in patients with Linox Smart S DX defibrillation leads.
15  relative antioxidant activity
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
TAA (2 times)
DPPH (1 time)
LC-QTOF (1 time)
2006 Antioxidant activity measured in different solvent fractions obtained from Mentha spicata Linn.: an analysis by ABTS*+ decolorization assay.
16  radiation-associated angiosarcoma
(2 times)
Sarcoma
(1 time)
SA (1 time)
2013 Sporadic versus Radiation-Associated Angiosarcoma: A Comparative Clinicopathologic and Molecular Analysis of 48 Cases.
17  radiolabeled antiglobulin assay
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
Ig (1 time)
SIT (1 time)
1986 Circulating antisperm antibodies in recurrently aborting women.
18  renal artery to the adjacent external iliac artery
(2 times)
Abdomen
(1 time)
RAA PSV (1 time)
TRAS (1 time)
2017 Detection of transplant renal artery stenosis: determining normal velocities at the renal artery anastomosis.
19  repeated acceleration ability
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
RAS (1 time)
RSA (1 time)
RSS (1 time)
2014 Repeated Acceleration Ability (RAA): A New Concept with Reference to Top-Level Field and Assistant Soccer Referees.
20  replacement of the ascending aorta
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AVR (1 time)
BAV (1 time)
2011 Aortic valve replacement with Hancock II bioprothesis with and without replacement of the ascending aorta.
21  residual antimicrobial activity
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
COD (1 time)
OTC (1 time)
2009 A novel culturing system for fluid samples.
22  retrograde arterial approach
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AP (2 times)
RFA (2 times)
TSA (2 times)
2006 [Radiofrequency catheter ablation of left accessory pathways by transeptal approach].
23  retrograde axonal atrophy
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CTS (2 times)
CMAP (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2004 Does retrograde axonal atrophy really occur in carpal tunnel syndrome patients with normal forearm conduction velocity?
24  right appendage
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AF (2 times)
LA (1 time)
LAA (1 time)
2006 [Vagal effects on inducibility of atrial fibrillation at different sites of pulmonary veins after autonomic denervation].
25  right arch of the aorta
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CA (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
DAA (1 time)
1990 [Vascular ring: classification, clinical aspects, diagnosis and principles of surgical treatment].
26  Right atrial aneurysm
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ASD (1 time)
2004 Right atrial aneurysm in adults--report of three cases and review of literature.
27  robotic-arm-assisted
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
beta (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CONV (1 time)
2016 Tibial baseplate positioning in robotic-assisted and conventional unicompartmental knee arthroplasty.
28  ruptured aortic aneurysm
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
EVR (1 time)
OCC (1 time)
1985 Results of aortic grafting in occlusive vs aneurysmal disease.
29  5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-beta-D-ribofuranoside (AICAR) treatment
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AICAR (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
2010 Short-term AMP-regulated protein kinase activation enhances insulin-sensitive fatty acid uptake and increases the effects of insulin on fatty acid oxidation in L6 muscle cells.
30  anorectal angle at rest
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
1990 [Simplified defecography technique. Description and results].
31  germ, acute articular rheumatism
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1994 [Therapeutic strategy for sore throat: current role for targetted antibiotic therapy].
32  RA appendage
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BB (1 time)
BP (1 time)
FFRS (1 time)
2008 Atrial lead location at the Bachmann's bundle region results in a low incidence of far field R-wave sensing.
33  RA disease included aneurysm
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FMD (1 time)
PTFE (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2007 Branch renal artery repair with cold perfusion protection.
34  Rabbit anti-mouse AA IgG
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
1994 Immunolocalization of serum amyloid A and AA amyloid in lysosomes in murine monocytoid cells: confocal and immunogold electron microscopic studies.
35  rabbit anti-mouse AA serum
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
p.i (1 time)
1983 Murine alveolar hydatidosis: a potential experimental model for the study of AA-amyloidosis.
36  radial articular angle
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
RUS (1 time)
2013 Management of forearm deformities with ulnar shortening more than 15 mm caused by hereditary multiple osteochondromas.
37  radicicol analog A
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
ARE (1 time)
SAGE (1 time)
SK (1 time)
2007 The effect of the fungal metabolite radicicol analog A on mRNA degradation.
38  radiolabeled antitumor antibodies
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
2000 Ex vivo biocompatibility of avidin-agarose: a new device for direct adsorption of biotinylated antibodies from human whole blood.
39  radioreceptor antibody assay
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
DISA (1 time)
EO (1 time)
GD (1 time)
2000 Disseminated thyroid autonomy or Graves' disease: reevaluation by a second generation TSH receptor antibody assay.
40  Radioreceptor assay
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
BTX (1 time)
1985 Binding differences between nicotine and alpha-bungarotoxin in the rat brain.
41  Rainfed Agricultural Area
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2018 A synoptic land change assessment of Ethiopia's Rainfed Agricultural Area for evidence-based agricultural ecosystem management.
42  Rapid Anthropological Assessment
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2003 Recognizing childhood illnesses and their traditional explanations: exploring options for care-seeking interventions in the context of the IMCI strategy in rural Ghana.
43  rat allogenic aorta
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DRAA (1 time)
DRAA/EC (1 time)
TEVGs (1 time)
2019 Sphingosine-1-phosphate in Endothelial Cell Recellularization Improves Patency and Endothelialization of Decellularized Vascular Grafts In Vivo.
44  rate in the appendage
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1984 The effect of electrode position on atrial sensing for physiologically responsive cardiac pacemakers.
45  recombinase aided amplification assay
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
HBV (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2019 A rapid and sensitive recombinase aided amplification assay to detect hepatitis B virus without DNA extraction.
46  recombinase aided isothermal amplification
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2018 [Establishment of a recombinase-aided isothermal amplification technique to detect Schistosoma japonicum specific gene fragments].
47  rectum and the anal canal
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FCE (1 time)
LAARP (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2014 Comparison of outcomes between laparoscopy-assisted and posterior sagittal anorectoplasties for male imperforate anus with recto-bulbar fistula.
48  recurrent acute adenoiditis
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Ribosomal therapy in the treatment of recurrent acute adenoiditis.
49  reduced plasma ascorbic acid
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
TBARS (1 time)
2007 Cytokine and oxidative responses to maximal cycling exercise in sedentary subjects.
50  reflex of active avoidance
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
HK (1 time)
1997 [Combined effects of hypokinesia and various doses of gamma irradiation on conditioned reflex activity in rats].
51  Regional Anesthesia and Analgesia
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
SDCC (1 time)
1999 Impact of a regional anesthesia analgesia program for outpatient foot surgery.
52  regional intravenous antibiotic administration
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
TCB (1 time)
1993 [Malum perforans diabeticorum: treatment with controlled circulatory blockade and regional intravenous administration of antibiotics].
53  regulatory alternatives analysis
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2015 Decisions, Science, and Values: Crafting Regulatory Alternatives Analysis.
54  related in time to changes in both right
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ANP (1 time)
iANP (1 time)
1988 Effects of changes in intravascular volume on atrial size and plasma levels of immunoreactive atrial natriuretic peptide in uremic man.
55  relative agonistic activities
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
Luc (1 time)
MMTV (1 time)
1998 Human progesterone receptor A and B isoforms in CHO cells. II. Comparison of binding, transactivation and ED50 values of several synthetic (anti)progestagens in vitro in CHO and MCF-7 cells and in vivo in rabbits and rats.
56  relative azimuth angles
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
SZA (1 time)
VZA (1 time)
2015 [The Effect of Observation Geometry on Polarized Skylight Spectrum].
57  relaxed arm angle
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
EIMD (1 time)
2003 Effects of prior concentric training on eccentric exercise induced muscle damage.
58  relevant artery atherosclerosis
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NAL (1 time)
PAA (1 time)
PAI (1 time)
2010 Systemic atherosclerosis in patients with perforating artery territorial infarction.
59  Religious Affairs Administration
(1 time)
Bioethical Issues
(1 time)
--- 2017 A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF BIOETHICAL ISSUES FROM VIEW POINTS OF RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS ADMINISTRATION IN TURKEY, ROMAN CATHOLICISM AND ORTHODOX JUDAISM.
60  remnant ablation
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
DTC (1 time)
GP (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
2015 Persistent quality of life impairments in differentiated thyroid cancer patients: results from a monitoring programme.
61  renal artery ablation group
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AERP (1 time)
AF (1 time)
2012 [Effects of renal sympathetic denervation on inducibility of atrial fibrillation during rapid atrial pacing].
62  renal artery administration
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
LMWC (1 time)
RTP (1 time)
TVI (1 time)
2013 [Study on chitosan-modified tripterygium glycoside nanoparticles and its renal targeting property].
63  Renin angiotensin antagonists
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
MACCE (1 time)
2017 Association of renin angiotensin antagonists with adverse perioperative events in patients undergoing elective orthopaedic surgery: a case-control study.
64  renin-angiotensin axis
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
SBP (1 time)
2011 Persistent microalbuminuria after treatment with renin-angiotensin axis blockers: causes and results of treatment intensification.
65  replaced by arginine-alanine-alanine
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
OPN (1 time)
2016 Intranasal Delivery of RGD Motif-Containing Osteopontin Icosamer Confers Neuroprotection in the Postischemic Brain via alphavbeta3 Integrin Binding.
66  residential ambient annual average
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
TAA (1 time)
2015 Effect of time-activity adjustment on exposure assessment for traffic-related ultrafine particles.
67  residual antifungal activity
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
RSM (1 time)
2008 Antifungal activity stability of flaxseed protein extract using response surface methodology.
68  residual antioxidant activity
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CAPD (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2012 Does dialysis modality influence the oxidative stress of uremic patients?
69  Resistance to antimicrobial Agents
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
--- 2000 Resistance to antimicrobial Agents (RAA). Monte Carlo, Monaco. 20-23 October 1999. Proceedings of a meeting.
70  resting arm angle
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
MF (1 time)
2012 Exercise-induced muscle damage and the repeated bout effect: evidence for cross transfer.
71  reticulocytosis in the absence of anemia
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
TIBC (1 time)
2015 Reticulocytosis in nonanemic dogs: increasing prevalence and potential etiologies.
72  Retinal amyloid angiopathy
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CAA (1 time)
ICG (1 time)
ICG-A (1 time)
2018 Angiographic Signatures of the Predominant Form of Familial Transthyretin Amyloidosis (Val30Met Mutation).
73  retinoic acid amide
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
2015 Inhibition of LN-308 glioma cell proliferation and migration by retinoic acid amide through activation of Akt pathway.
74  retrograde autobiographical amnesia
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
ECT (1 time)
2013 Measuring retrograde autobiographical amnesia following electroconvulsive therapy: historical perspective and current issues.
75  RGD motif in OPN largely abolished these functions, OPN
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CPB2 (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
2013 Thrombin-cleaved fragments of osteopontin are overexpressed in malignant glial tumors and provide a molecular niche with survival advantage.
76  rhizomes of Asparagus africanus Lam
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
BFI (1 time)
LDC (1 time)
LIP (1 time)
2012 Anti-inflammatory activity of crude saponin extracts from five Nigerian medicinal plants.
77  rhodanine-N-acetic acid
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CPMP (1 time)
TIBA (1 time)
1984 Effects of Chemical Treatments upon Photosynthetic Parameters in Soybean Seedlings.
78  rhythm analysis algorithm
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
VF (1 time)
2015 Inaccurate treatment decisions of automated external defibrillators used by emergency medical services personnel: incidence, cause and impact on outcome.
79  Richmond Ambulance Authority
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
2014 Can emergency medical services use turnaround time as a proxy for measuring ambulance offload time?
80  right atrial
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
CPCs (1 time)
EPCs (1 time)
2017 Progenitor cells from atria, ventricle and peripheral blood of the same patients exhibit functional differences associated with cardiac repair.
81  right atrial activation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BAA (1 time)
LAA (1 time)
MRAT (1 time)
2009 Bi-atrial and right atrial activation times help to differentiate focal from macroreentrant right atrial tachycardias.
82  right atrial auricle
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AVS (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
cECM (1 time)
2011 Comparative analysis of oncofetal fibronectin and tenascin-C expression in right atrial auricular and left ventricular human cardiac tissue from patients with coronary artery disease and aortic valve stenosis.
83  right atrium, generally the atrial appendage
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
bpm (1 time)
2001 Differences in pacing from the atrial appendage and the lateral atrial free wall on left ventricular filling and haemodynamics during DDD pacing.
84  RIKILT yeast Androgen bioAssay
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
EJ (1 time)
EV (1 time)
NJ (1 time)
2015 Anti-Androgenic Activity of Nardostachys jatamansi DC and Tribulus terrestris L. and Their Beneficial Effects on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome-Induced Rat Models.
85  robot-assisted adrenalectomy
(1 time)
Surgery, Computer-Assisted
(1 time)
--- 2011 Robot-assisted adrenalectomy: a technical option for the surgeon?
86  Robotic-arm-assisted arthroplasty
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CONV (1 time)
UKA (1 time)
2019 Robotic-assisted unicompartmental knee replacement offers no early advantage over conventional unicompartmental knee replacement.
87  root active absorption area
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
Bt (1 time)
GPT (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2018 Impacts of soil salinity on Bt protein concentration in square of transgenic Bt cotton.
88  rosy apple aphid
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
4-CQA (1 time)
4-pCoQA (1 time)
PLS-DA (1 time)
2018 Relationship between hydroxycinnamic acids and the resistance of apple cultivars to rosy apple aphid.
89  ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1993 Nonvascular emergencies presenting as ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms.
90  sites--right atrial appendage
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AERP (1 time)
AF (1 time)
ANS (1 time)
2009 Effects of stimulation and blockade of the autonomic nervous system on atrial refractoriness in patients with lone paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.