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Abbreviation: RAD
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Long forms: 222

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
restriction-site associated DNA
(166 times)
Molecular Biology
(63 times)
SNPs (29 times)
SNP (28 times)
QTL (11 times)
2007 Rapid and cost-effective polymorphism identification and genotyping using restriction site associated DNA (RAD) markers.
reactive attachment disorder
(82 times)
Psychiatry
(33 times)
DSED (12 times)
ADHD (8 times)
TD (6 times)
2000 Disturbances of attachment in young children adopted from institutions.
reactive airway disease
(25 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
RSV (6 times)
GERD (3 times)
CP (2 times)
1989 Bronchial foreign body vs asthma.
radiation
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
RH (2 times)
SHR (2 times)
Ta (2 times)
1978 The significance of fractionation regimens in radiation and combined hyperthermia using a murine fibrosarcoma.
renal tubule assist device
(17 times)
Nephrology
(10 times)
ARF (4 times)
AKI (3 times)
CRRT (3 times)
1997 The bioartificial renal tubule assist device to enhance CRRT in acute renal failure.
radicicol
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
GA (7 times)
Hsp90 (6 times)
GR (3 times)
2001 Synergistic inhibition of the glucocorticoid receptor by radicicol and benzoquinone ansamycins.
radial artery diameter
(13 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
FMD (2 times)
NMD (2 times)
RVD (2 times)
2005 Anatomical consideration of the radial artery for transradial coronary procedures: arterial diameter, branching anomaly and vessel tortuosity.
RADIALIS
(13 times)
Botany
(5 times)
DIV (9 times)
CYC (7 times)
DICH (3 times)
2005 Floral asymmetry involves an interplay between TCP and MYB transcription factors in Antirrhinum.
rapid aneuploidy detection
(13 times)
Obstetrics
(7 times)
QF-PCR (3 times)
CHAs (1 time)
HCS (1 time)
2004 Prenatal diagnosis by rapid aneuploidy detection and karyotyping: a prospective study of the role of ultrasound in 1589 second-trimester amniocenteses.
10  right axis deviation
(13 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
LAD (7 times)
LBBB (7 times)
RBBB (5 times)
1975 Prognostic significance of chronic versus acute bundle branch block in acute myocardial infarction.
11  relative absolute difference
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
CGMS (3 times)
DirecNet (3 times)
T1D (2 times)
2003 The accuracy of the CGMS in children with type 1 diabetes: results of the diabetes research in children network (DirecNet) accuracy study.
12  radial
(10 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
LR (2 times)
aa (1 time)
1983 Prospective evaluation of radial and femoral artery catheterization sites in critically ill adults.
13  radiation absorbed dose
(10 times)
Pain
(4 times)
ED (3 times)
MBB (2 times)
AFP (1 time)
1994 Pharmacokinetics of pretargeted monoclonal antibody 2D12.5 and 88Y-Janus-2-(p-nitrobenzyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecanetetraacetic acid (DOTA) in BALB/c mice with KHJJ mouse adenocarcinoma: a model for 90Y radioimmunotherapy.
14  Radiation Assessment Detector
(10 times)
Science
(1 time)
MSL (5 times)
GCRs (4 times)
GCR (2 times)
2007 Description of light ion production cross sections and fluxes on the Mars surface using the QMSFRG model.
15  radiotherapy
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
PCa (3 times)
QOL (3 times)
RP (3 times)
1999 Long-term morbidity and quality of life in patients with localized prostate cancer undergoing definitive radiotherapy or radical prostatectomy.
16  rapid antigen detection
(9 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
EI (2 times)
GAS (2 times)
BAP (1 time)
2001 Are follow-up throat cultures necessary when rapid antigen detection tests are negative for group A streptococci?
17  right atrial diameter
(8 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AF (4 times)
LAD (4 times)
LVEF (2 times)
2014 Effect of catheter radiofrequency ablation on C-reactive protein, brain natriuretic peptide and echocardiograph in patients with persistent and permanent atrial fibrillation.
18  radiation-associated dysphagia
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
IMRT (4 times)
HNC (3 times)
ROI (2 times)
2016 Beyond mean pharyngeal constrictor dose for beam path toxicity in non-target swallowing muscles: Dose-volume correlates of chronic radiation-associated dysphagia (RAD) after oropharyngeal intensity modulated radiotherapy.
19  radius
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
BMD (3 times)
DXA (3 times)
MTR (3 times)
2000 Effect of estrogen replacement therapy on speed of sound at multiple skeletal sites.
20  renal artery dissection
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
AD (1 time)
eGFR (1 time)
GEE (1 time)
1992 [Spontaneous renal artery dissection. Case report and review of the literature].
21  renal artery disease
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CAD (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
ARA (1 time)
1987 Trends in surgical revascularization for renal artery disease. Ten years' experience.
22  residual acetabular dysplasia
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
AI (4 times)
DDH (3 times)
ACE (1 time)
2014 Outcome of surgical management of developmental dysplasia of hip in children between 18 and 24 months.
23  rank abundance distribution
(5 times)
Science
(2 times)
SAD (1 time)
2010 The analysis of biodiversity using rank abundance distributions.
24  rapamycin derivative
(5 times)
Transplantation
(5 times)
CsA (2 times)
RATS (2 times)
AHXR (1 time)
1999 Coadministration of neoral and the novel rapamycin analog, SDZ RAD, to rat lung allograft recipients: potentiation of immunosuppressive efficacy and improvement of tolerability of staggered versus simultaneous treatment.
25  rapid aneuploidy diagnosis
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
FISH (2 times)
aCGH (1 time)
AF (1 time)
2006 Full karyotyping, rapid aneuploidy diagnosis or both when invasive prenatal testing is performed for diagnosis of thalassaemia?
26  Rapid Assessment of Disability
(5 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
AP (1 time)
PSI (1 time)
2014 Field-testing of the rapid assessment of disability questionnaire.
27  Relationships Across Domains
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
BLERT (2 times)
AIHQ (1 time)
Eyes (1 time)
2009 Development of a measure of relationship perception in schizophrenia.
28  renal artery denervation
(5 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
BP (3 times)
CT (1 time)
HOMA-IR (1 time)
2013 Novel use of NavX three-dimensional mapping to guide renal artery denervation.
29  renal assist device
(5 times)
Tissue Engineering
(2 times)
AKI (1 time)
ARF (1 time)
BRECS (1 time)
2003 Renal assist device therapy for acute renal failure.
30  right atrial dimension
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
RAP (2 times)
BV (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
1991 Atrial dynamics, atrial natriuretic factor, tachycardia, and blood volume in anesthetized rabbits.
31  radiatum
(4 times)
Brain
(2 times)
OR (2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
D4Rs (1 time)
2006 Cell type-specific changes in spontaneous and minimally evoked excitatory synaptic activity in hippocampal CA1 interneurons of kainate-treated rats.
32  radiologists
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CAS (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
CRD (1 time)
2009 Carotid artery stenting: Impact of practitioner specialty and volume on outcomes and resource utilization.
33  Radix Angelicae Dahuricae
(4 times)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
FC (3 times)
4NQO (1 time)
BER (1 time)
1994 [Inhibitory effects of fifteen kinds of Chinese herbal drugs, vegetables and chemicals on SOS response].
34  Ras-association domain
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
SAM (2 times)
MAPK (1 time)
2003 The role of adaptor protein Ste50-dependent regulation of the MAPKKK Ste11 in multiple signalling pathways of yeast.
35  Reasons for Antipsychotic Discontinuation/Continuation
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 2010 Reasons for discontinuation and continuation of antipsychotics in the treatment of schizophrenia from patient and clinician perspectives.
36  rectus abdominis diastasis
(4 times)
Endoscopy
(1 time)
ELAR plus (1 time)
1997 Intra-rater reliability of rectus abdominis diastasis measurement using dial calipers.
37  reflex anal dilatation
(4 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
LR (1 time)
PED (1 time)
VC (1 time)
1989 Reflex and dilatation: a clinical epidemiological evaluation.
38  respiratory allergic disease
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ABA (1 time)
AD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1995 Erythrocyte antigens as immunogenetic markers of respiratory atopic diseases in Georgians.
39  response amplitude density
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
mfERG (3 times)
ADM (1 time)
AH (1 time)
2011 Retinal functional changes measured by frequency-doubling technology in patients treated with hydroxychloroquine.
40  Radicinin
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AME (3 times)
ATX I (3 times)
ALT (2 times)
2001 Examination of Alternaria alternata mutagenicity and effects of nitrosylation using the Ames Salmonella test.
41  radiography
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
AL (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
2010 Ex vivo performance of five methods for root canal length determination in primary anterior teeth.
42  radiotherapy alone
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CHEM (2 times)
GEE (1 time)
MGCTs (1 time)
2002 Long-term renal function after treatment for malignant germ-cell tumours.
43  recombinase addressable data
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2012 Rewritable digital data storage in live cells via engineered control of recombination directionality.
44  retinal-asymmetry-difference
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1998 [Can the extent of glaucoma damage be assessed by measuring the asymmetry of the peripapillary height profile between the upper and lower retinal half? A clinical study with the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph].
45  road accident deaths
(3 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
IHD (2 times)
C/V (1 time)
CV (1 time)
1987 Ischaemic heart disease, and vehicle travel.
46  40-0-(2-hydroxyethyl)-rapamycin
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
MST (1 time)
OB (1 time)
2001 Immune cells and immunosuppression in a porcine bronchial model of obliterative bronchiolitis.
47  LC-receptor affinity detection
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
fluorescein-uPAR (1 time)
LC (1 time)
1997 Theoretical concepts of on-line liquid chromatographic-biochemical detection systems. I. Detection systems based on labelled ligands.
48  radiation dose
(2 times)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
AOC (1 time)
AP (1 time)
AVNRT (1 time)
1986 Long-term results of treatment with mild toxicities in small cell lung carcinoma.
49  radio-frequency-assisted diffusion
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DONER (1 time)
fpRFDR (1 time)
PDSD (1 time)
2009 Double-nucleus enhanced recoupling for efficient 13C MAS NMR correlation spectroscopy of perdeuterated proteins.
50  radiographic bone levels
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
PAL (2 times)
PPD (2 times)
REC (2 times)
2009 The efficacy of enamel matrix derivative (Emdogain) for the treatment of deep infrabony periodontal defects: a placebo-controlled randomised clinical trial.
51  radiographic examination
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CTL (1 time)
HF (1 time)
NYHA (1 time)
2007 Pulmonary function changes associated with cardiomegaly in chronic heart failure.
52  radiology
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CPT (1 time)
ED (1 time)
IUP (1 time)
2015 The utility of transvaginal ultrasound in the ED evaluation of complications of first trimester pregnancy.
53  Rahim Anxiety and Depression
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
PHC (1 time)
RDoC (1 time)
2005 Symptoms analysis of mental illness among Saudi adults attending Primary Care.
54  ramosetron, aprepitant, and dexamethasone
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CINV (2 times)
CR (1 time)
OAD (1 time)
2013 A Phase II Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of Ramosetron, Aprepitant, and Dexamethasone in Preventing Cisplatin-Induced Nausea and Vomiting in Chemotherapy-Naive Cancer Patients.
55  Rapid Accretion Deposits
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
CIP (1 time)
EBSD (1 time)
2014 Simultaneous extension of both basic microstructural components in scleractinian coral skeleton during night and daytime, visualized by in situ 86Sr pulse labeling.
56  rapid application development
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
AIS (1 time)
FMEA (1 time)
2002 [Use of modern technologies and designing means for development of automated information systems for military medicine].
57  rapid test
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
GABHS (1 time)
2016 Diagnosis and treatment of acute pharyngitis/tonsillitis: a preliminary observational study in General Medicine.
58  rapidly adhering
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
KSC (2 times)
NRAD (2 times)
cSCC (1 time)
2013 Isolation and characterization of squamous cell carcinoma-derived stem-like cells: role in tumor formation.
59  reading and arithmetic disabilities
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
RD (2 times)
CA (1 time)
1994 Subtypes of learning disabilities in adolescents and adults.
60  readmission
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
ePLND (2 times)
RARP (2 times)
CDS (1 time)
2019 Is a Drain Needed After Robotic Radical Prostatectomy With or Without Pelvic Lymph Node Dissection? Results of a Single-Center Randomized Clinical Trial.
61  recurrent anterior dislocation
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
1983 Humeral retrotorsion and glenohumeral relationship in the normal shoulder and in recurrent anterior dislocation (scapulometry).
62  reducing atmosphere drying
(2 times)
Food
(1 time)
RAP (1 time)
2019 Reducing atmosphere drying as a novel drying technique for preserving the sensorial and nutritional notes of foods.
63  reference artery diameter
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
MLD (2 times)
CAG (1 time)
PCI (1 time)
2004 Effects of rotational atherectomy with a reduced burr-to-artery ratio on coronary no-reflow.
64  regional alveolar damage
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
DAD (1 time)
1989 Regional alveolar damage (RAD). A localized counterpart of diffuse alveolar damage.
65  regions of accumulated differences
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
E. ruminantium (1 time)
Erga (1 time)
2006 Comparative genomics of three strains of Ehrlichia ruminantium: a review.
66  relative absolute deviation
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BFRs (1 time)
MDLs (1 time)
PBDEs (1 time)
2006 Evaluation of factors affecting CGMS calibration.
67  relative arch deformity
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AUHR (1 time)
WB (1 time)
2011 Structure, sex, and strength and knee and hip kinematics during landing.
68  relative area difference
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CNN (1 time)
DC (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2018 Automated Segmentation of Lesions Including Subretinal Hyperreflective Material in Neovascular Age-related Macular Degeneration.
69  relative average deviations
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
NIR (1 time)
PLS (1 time)
QAMS (1 time)
2011 [Measurement of ethylene content in polypropylene by Raman spectrum].
70  resistor-average distance
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
HB (2 times)
LBP (1 time)
LBPs (1 time)
2008 Objective grading of facial paralysis using Local Binary Patterns in video processing.
71  restriction-site associated DNA sequencing
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
DBR (1 time)
ddRAD (1 time)
LG (1 time)
2014 Detection and removal of PCR duplicates in population genomic ddRAD studies by addition of a degenerate base region (DBR) in sequencing adapters.
72  reticulate acropigmentation of Dohi
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
DDD (1 time)
GGD (1 time)
HS (1 time)
1997 Familial reticulate acropigmentation of Dohi.
73  return after default
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
MDR-TB (2 times)
DST (1 time)
MTBC (1 time)
2011 Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis among previously treated patients in the Philippines.
74  Rhubarb-Aconite Decoction
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ATP (1 time)
CK (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2020 Rhubarb-Aconite Decoction (RAD) Drug-Containing Serum Alleviated Endotoxin-Induced Oxidative Stress Injury and Inflammatory Response in Caco-2 Cells In Vitro.
75  right AD
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
LAD (2 times)
ADAS-Cog (1 time)
2003 Response patterns of EGb 761 in Alzheimer's disease: influence of neuropsychological profiles.
76  risk assessment document
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
COP (1 time)
OHS (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2012 [Support system to the process of risk assessment in construction company: assessment, drafting, and review].
77  RNA Abundance Database
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GUS (1 time)
2002 PlasmoDB: the Plasmodium genome resource. An integrated database providing tools for accessing, analyzing and mapping expression and sequence data (both finished and unfinished).
78  rodent activity detector
(2 times)
HFD (1 time)
PIR (1 time)
2019 Rodent Activity Detector (RAD), an Open Source Device for Measuring Activity in Rodent Home Cages.
79  SDZ-RAD
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1999 A phase I study of a 4-week course of SDZ-RAD (RAD) quiescent cyclosporine-prednisone-treated renal transplant recipients.
80  administrating access decision policies
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
MACS (1 time)
2004 Access control mechanisms for distributed healthcare environments.
81  adriamycin, and dexamethasone
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
DSMM (1 time)
MTD (1 time)
2009 Lenalidomide, adriamycin, and dexamethasone (RAD) in patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma: a report from the German Myeloma Study Group DSMM (Deutsche Studiengruppe Multiples Myelom).
82  Age-Related Macular Degeneration
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AMD (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2003 Visual acuity and contrast sensitivity in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Results from the Radiation Therapy for Age-Related Macular Degeneration (RAD-) Study.
83  Althoughreactive attachment disorder
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CAPA (1 time)
DSED (1 time)
2020 Validity of reactive attachment disorder and disinhibited social engagement disorder in adolescence.
84  cepharanthin and dipyridamole depot capsules
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1987 Prosthetic replacement of the superior vena cava treated with antiplatelet agents.
85  gamma-radiation
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
MNPCEs (1 time)
SAF (1 time)
2017 Intake of saffron reduces gamma-radiation-induced genotoxicity and oxidative stress in mice.
86  RA decoction
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
T2DM (1 time)
TCM (1 time)
2012 Herb-drug pharmacokinetic interaction between radix astragali and pioglitazone in rats.
87  RAD, everolimus, Certican
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
CsA (1 time)
2003 Differential effect of cyclosporine A and SDZ RAD on neointima formation of carotid allografts in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice.
88  Rad-57 signal extraction pulse CO-oximeter
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2010 Performance of the RAD-57 pulse CO-oximeter compared with standard laboratory carboxyhemoglobin measurement.
89  RAD16-I in a pure
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
hMSCs (1 time)
rAAV (1 time)
2015 Effective and durable genetic modification of human mesenchymal stem cells via controlled release of rAAV vectors from self-assembling peptide hydrogels with a maintained differentiation potency.
90  radezolid
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HDAS-beta-CD (1 time)
HDMS-beta-CD (1 time)
HS-beta-CD (1 time)
2017 Enantioselective recognition of radezolid by cyclodextrin modified capillary electrokinetic chromatography and electronic circular dichroism.
91  radial and angular distribution functions
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
QMCF (1 time)
RHF (1 time)
2010 Hydrated germanium (II): irregular structural and dynamical properties revealed by a quantum mechanical charge field molecular dynamics study.
92  radial diffusion mapping
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Radial diffusion coefficient mapping.
93  radial nerve
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
MED (1 time)
MUC (1 time)
2014 [Guidance of axillary multiple injection technique for plexus anesthesia. Ultrasound versus nerve stimulation].
94  RAdiation Damage
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
LDs (1 time)
TAG (1 time)
2016 Yeast MRX deletions have short chronological life span and more triacylglycerols.
95  radiation group
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
CORM-3 (1 time)
ICAM-1 (1 time)
2020 Carbon Monoxide Releasing Molecule-3 (CORM-3) Regulates Microglia Activity, Prevents Neuronal Injury, and Improves Memory Function Dur-ing Radiation Induced Brain Injury.
96  radiation temperatures of T
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Demonstration of ignition radiation temperatures in indirect-drive inertial confinement fusion hohlraums.
97  radiation therapy
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BCa (1 time)
BS (1 time)
PF (1 time)
2018 Prevalence and risk of skeletal complications and use of radiation therapy in elderly women diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer.
98  radiation-induced
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ANAT (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
2009 Carotid angioplasty and stenting in anatomically high-risk patients: Safe and durable except for radiation-induced stenosis.
99  radiation-induced stenosis
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CAD (2 times)
ATH (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
2010 Society of vascular surgery vascular registry comparison of carotid artery stenting outcomes for atherosclerotic vs nonatherosclerotic carotid artery disease.
100  radical resection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
TAE (1 time)
2005 T1 adenocarcinoma of the rectum: transanal excision or radical surgery?