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Abbreviation: RAD
Appearance Frequency: 710 time(s)
Long forms: 206

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
restriction-site associated DNA
(155 times)
Molecular Biology
(59 times)
SNPs (29 times)
SNP (25 times)
QTL (11 times)
2007 Rapid and cost-effective polymorphism identification and genotyping using restriction site associated DNA (RAD) markers.
reactive attachment disorder
(73 times)
Psychiatry
(31 times)
DSED (9 times)
ADHD (8 times)
TD (4 times)
2000 Disturbances of attachment in young children adopted from institutions.
reactive airway disease
(24 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
RSV (6 times)
GERD (3 times)
CP (2 times)
1989 Bronchial foreign body vs asthma.
radiation
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
RH (2 times)
SHR (2 times)
Ta (2 times)
1978 The significance of fractionation regimens in radiation and combined hyperthermia using a murine fibrosarcoma.
renal tubule assist device
(17 times)
Nephrology
(10 times)
ARF (4 times)
AKI (3 times)
CRRT (3 times)
1997 The bioartificial renal tubule assist device to enhance CRRT in acute renal failure.
radicicol
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
GA (7 times)
Hsp90 (6 times)
GR (3 times)
2001 Synergistic inhibition of the glucocorticoid receptor by radicicol and benzoquinone ansamycins.
rapid aneuploidy detection
(13 times)
Obstetrics
(7 times)
QF-PCR (3 times)
CHAs (1 time)
HCS (1 time)
2004 Prenatal diagnosis by rapid aneuploidy detection and karyotyping: a prospective study of the role of ultrasound in 1589 second-trimester amniocenteses.
radial artery diameter
(12 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
FMD (2 times)
NMD (2 times)
RVD (2 times)
2005 Anatomical consideration of the radial artery for transradial coronary procedures: arterial diameter, branching anomaly and vessel tortuosity.
RADIALIS
(12 times)
Botany
(5 times)
DIV (8 times)
CYC (6 times)
DICH (3 times)
2005 Floral asymmetry involves an interplay between TCP and MYB transcription factors in Antirrhinum.
10  right axis deviation
(12 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
LAD (7 times)
LBBB (7 times)
RBBB (5 times)
1975 Prognostic significance of chronic versus acute bundle branch block in acute myocardial infarction.
11  radiation absorbed dose
(10 times)
Pain
(4 times)
ED (3 times)
MBB (2 times)
AFP (1 time)
1994 Pharmacokinetics of pretargeted monoclonal antibody 2D12.5 and 88Y-Janus-2-(p-nitrobenzyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecanetetraacetic acid (DOTA) in BALB/c mice with KHJJ mouse adenocarcinoma: a model for 90Y radioimmunotherapy.
12  radial
(9 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
AP (1 time)
CIRC (1 time)
1983 Prospective evaluation of radial and femoral artery catheterization sites in critically ill adults.
13  Radiation Assessment Detector
(9 times)
Science
(1 time)
MSL (5 times)
GCRs (3 times)
GCR (2 times)
2007 Description of light ion production cross sections and fluxes on the Mars surface using the QMSFRG model.
14  relative absolute difference
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
CGMS (3 times)
DirecNet (3 times)
ABG (1 time)
2003 The accuracy of the CGMS in children with type 1 diabetes: results of the diabetes research in children network (DirecNet) accuracy study.
15  radiotherapy
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
QOL (3 times)
CF (2 times)
PCa (2 times)
1999 Long-term morbidity and quality of life in patients with localized prostate cancer undergoing definitive radiotherapy or radical prostatectomy.
16  rapid antigen detection
(8 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
EI (2 times)
GAS (2 times)
BAP (1 time)
2001 Are follow-up throat cultures necessary when rapid antigen detection tests are negative for group A streptococci?
17  radius
(6 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
MTR (3 times)
PLX (3 times)
SOS (3 times)
2000 Effect of estrogen replacement therapy on speed of sound at multiple skeletal sites.
18  renal artery disease
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CAD (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
ARA (1 time)
1987 Trends in surgical revascularization for renal artery disease. Ten years' experience.
19  renal artery dissection
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
AD (1 time)
eGFR (1 time)
GEE (1 time)
1992 [Spontaneous renal artery dissection. Case report and review of the literature].
20  rank abundance distribution
(5 times)
Science
(2 times)
SAD (1 time)
2010 The analysis of biodiversity using rank abundance distributions.
21  rapamycin derivative
(5 times)
Transplantation
(5 times)
CsA (2 times)
RATS (2 times)
AHXR (1 time)
1999 Coadministration of neoral and the novel rapamycin analog, SDZ RAD, to rat lung allograft recipients: potentiation of immunosuppressive efficacy and improvement of tolerability of staggered versus simultaneous treatment.
22  rapid aneuploidy diagnosis
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
FISH (2 times)
aCGH (1 time)
AF (1 time)
2006 Full karyotyping, rapid aneuploidy diagnosis or both when invasive prenatal testing is performed for diagnosis of thalassaemia?
23  Rapid Assessment of Disability
(5 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
AP (1 time)
PSI (1 time)
2014 Field-testing of the rapid assessment of disability questionnaire.
24  renal assist device
(5 times)
Tissue Engineering
(2 times)
AKI (1 time)
ARF (1 time)
BRECS (1 time)
2003 Renal assist device therapy for acute renal failure.
25  right atrial diameter
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AF (2 times)
LAD (2 times)
AVRT (1 time)
2014 Effect of catheter radiofrequency ablation on C-reactive protein, brain natriuretic peptide and echocardiograph in patients with persistent and permanent atrial fibrillation.
26  right atrial dimension
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
RAP (2 times)
BV (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
1991 Atrial dynamics, atrial natriuretic factor, tachycardia, and blood volume in anesthetized rabbits.
27  radiation-associated dysphagia
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
IMRT (2 times)
ROI (2 times)
RPA (2 times)
2016 Beyond mean pharyngeal constrictor dose for beam path toxicity in non-target swallowing muscles: Dose-volume correlates of chronic radiation-associated dysphagia (RAD) after oropharyngeal intensity modulated radiotherapy.
28  radiatum
(4 times)
Brain
(2 times)
OR (2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
D4Rs (1 time)
2006 Cell type-specific changes in spontaneous and minimally evoked excitatory synaptic activity in hippocampal CA1 interneurons of kainate-treated rats.
29  radiologists
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CAS (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
CRD (1 time)
2009 Carotid artery stenting: Impact of practitioner specialty and volume on outcomes and resource utilization.
30  RAS-association domains
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
SAM (2 times)
MAPK (1 time)
2003 The role of adaptor protein Ste50-dependent regulation of the MAPKKK Ste11 in multiple signalling pathways of yeast.
31  Reasons for Antipsychotic Discontinuation/Continuation
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 2010 Reasons for discontinuation and continuation of antipsychotics in the treatment of schizophrenia from patient and clinician perspectives.
32  reflex anal dilatation
(4 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
LR (1 time)
PED (1 time)
VC (1 time)
1989 Reflex and dilatation: a clinical epidemiological evaluation.
33  Relationships Across Domains
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
AIHQ (1 time)
BLERT (1 time)
Eyes (1 time)
2009 Development of a measure of relationship perception in schizophrenia.
34  renal artery denervation
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
BP (2 times)
CT (1 time)
HOMA-IR (1 time)
2013 Novel use of NavX three-dimensional mapping to guide renal artery denervation.
35  respiratory allergic disease
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ABA (1 time)
AD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1995 Erythrocyte antigens as immunogenetic markers of respiratory atopic diseases in Georgians.
36  Radicinin
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AME (3 times)
ATX I (3 times)
ALT (2 times)
2001 Examination of Alternaria alternata mutagenicity and effects of nitrosylation using the Ames Salmonella test.
37  radiotherapy alone
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CHEM (2 times)
GEE (1 time)
MGCTs (1 time)
2002 Long-term renal function after treatment for malignant germ-cell tumours.
38  Radix Angelica dahuricae
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
FC (2 times)
4NQO (1 time)
BER (1 time)
1994 [Inhibitory effects of fifteen kinds of Chinese herbal drugs, vegetables and chemicals on SOS response].
39  recombinase addressable data
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2012 Rewritable digital data storage in live cells via engineered control of recombination directionality.
40  rectus abdominis diastasis
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
ELAR plus (1 time)
1997 Intra-rater reliability of rectus abdominis diastasis measurement using dial calipers.
41  residual acetabular dysplasia
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AI (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2014 Outcome of surgical management of developmental dysplasia of hip in children between 18 and 24 months.
42  response amplitude density
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
mfERG (2 times)
ADM (1 time)
AH (1 time)
2011 Retinal functional changes measured by frequency-doubling technology in patients treated with hydroxychloroquine.
43  retinal-asymmetry-difference
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1998 [Can the extent of glaucoma damage be assessed by measuring the asymmetry of the peripapillary height profile between the upper and lower retinal half? A clinical study with the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph].
44  road accident deaths
(3 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
IHD (2 times)
C/V (1 time)
CV (1 time)
1987 Ischaemic heart disease, and vehicle travel.
45  40-O-(2-hydroxyethyl)-rapamycin
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
MST (1 time)
OB (1 time)
2001 Immune cells and immunosuppression in a porcine bronchial model of obliterative bronchiolitis.
46  LC-receptor affinity detection
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
fluorescein-uPAR (1 time)
LC (1 time)
1997 Theoretical concepts of on-line liquid chromatographic-biochemical detection systems. I. Detection systems based on labelled ligands.
47  radiation dose
(2 times)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
AOC (1 time)
AP (1 time)
AVNRT (1 time)
1986 Long-term results of treatment with mild toxicities in small cell lung carcinoma.
48  radiculopathy
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CSA (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
painDETECT (1 time)
2007 Asymmetric atrophy of multifidus muscle in patients with unilateral lumbosacral radiculopathy.
49  radio-frequency-assisted diffusion
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DONER (1 time)
fp-RFDR (1 time)
PDSD (1 time)
2009 Double-nucleus enhanced recoupling for efficient 13C MAS NMR correlation spectroscopy of perdeuterated proteins.
50  radiographic bone levels
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
PAL (2 times)
PPD (2 times)
REC (2 times)
2009 The efficacy of enamel matrix derivative (Emdogain) for the treatment of deep infrabony periodontal defects: a placebo-controlled randomised clinical trial.
51  radiography
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
CA (1 time)
EAL (1 time)
2010 Ex vivo performance of five methods for root canal length determination in primary anterior teeth.
52  radiology
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CPT (1 time)
ED (1 time)
IUP (1 time)
2015 The utility of transvaginal ultrasound in the ED evaluation of complications of first trimester pregnancy.
53  ramosetron, aprepitant, and dexamethasone
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CINV (2 times)
CR (1 time)
OAD (1 time)
2013 A Phase II Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of Ramosetron, Aprepitant, and Dexamethasone in Preventing Cisplatin-Induced Nausea and Vomiting in Chemotherapy-Naive Cancer Patients.
54  Rapid Accretion Deposits
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
CIP (1 time)
EBSD (1 time)
2014 Simultaneous extension of both basic microstructural components in scleractinian coral skeleton during night and daytime, visualized by in situ 86Sr pulse labeling.
55  rapid application development
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
AIS (1 time)
FMEA (1 time)
2002 [Use of modern technologies and designing means for development of automated information systems for military medicine].
56  rapid test
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
GABHS (1 time)
2016 Diagnosis and treatment of acute pharyngitis/tonsillitis: a preliminary observational study in General Medicine.
57  rapidly adhering
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
KSC (2 times)
NRAD (2 times)
cSCC (1 time)
2013 Isolation and characterization of squamous cell carcinoma-derived stem-like cells: role in tumor formation.
58  RDoC Anxiety and Depression
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
PHC (1 time)
RDoC (1 time)
2005 Symptoms analysis of mental illness among Saudi adults attending Primary Care.
59  reading and arithmetic disabilities
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
RD (2 times)
CA (1 time)
1994 Subtypes of learning disabilities in adolescents and adults.
60  recurrent anterior dislocation
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
1983 Humeral retrotorsion and glenohumeral relationship in the normal shoulder and in recurrent anterior dislocation (scapulometry).
61  reference artery diameter
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
MLD (2 times)
CAG (1 time)
PCI (1 time)
2004 Effects of rotational atherectomy with a reduced burr-to-artery ratio on coronary no-reflow.
62  regional alveolar damage
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
DAD (1 time)
1989 Regional alveolar damage (RAD). A localized counterpart of diffuse alveolar damage.
63  regions of accumulated differences
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
E. ruminantium (1 time)
Erga (1 time)
2006 Comparative genomics of three strains of Ehrlichia ruminantium: a review.
64  relative absolute deviation
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BFRs (1 time)
MDLs (1 time)
PBDEs (1 time)
2006 Evaluation of factors affecting CGMS calibration.
65  relative arch deformity
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AUHR (1 time)
WB (1 time)
2011 Structure, sex, and strength and knee and hip kinematics during landing.
66  relative area difference
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CNN (1 time)
DC (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2018 Automated Segmentation of Lesions Including Subretinal Hyperreflective Material in Neovascular Age-related Macular Degeneration.
67  resistor-average distance
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
HB (2 times)
LBP (1 time)
LBPs (1 time)
2008 Objective grading of facial paralysis using Local Binary Patterns in video processing.
68  reticulate acropigmentation of Dohi
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
DDD (1 time)
GGD (1 time)
HS (1 time)
1997 Familial reticulate acropigmentation of Dohi.
69  return after default
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
MDR-TB (2 times)
DST (1 time)
MTBC (1 time)
2011 Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis among previously treated patients in the Philippines.
70  right AD
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
LAD (2 times)
ADAS-Cog (1 time)
2003 Response patterns of EGb 761 in Alzheimer's disease: influence of neuropsychological profiles.
71  risk assessment document
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
COP (1 time)
OHS (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2012 [Support system to the process of risk assessment in construction company: assessment, drafting, and review].
72  RNA Abundance Database
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
GUS (1 time)
2002 PlasmoDB: the Plasmodium genome resource. An integrated database providing tools for accessing, analyzing and mapping expression and sequence data (both finished and unfinished).
73  SDZ-RAD
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1999 A phase I study of a 4-week course of SDZ-RAD (RAD) quiescent cyclosporine-prednisone-treated renal transplant recipients.
74  administrating access decision policies
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
MACS (1 time)
2004 Access control mechanisms for distributed healthcare environments.
75  adriamycin, and dexamethasone
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
DSMM (1 time)
MTD (1 time)
2009 Lenalidomide, adriamycin, and dexamethasone (RAD) in patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma: a report from the German Myeloma Study Group DSMM (Deutsche Studiengruppe Multiples Myelom).
76  Age-Related Macular Degeneration
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AMD (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2003 Visual acuity and contrast sensitivity in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Results from the Radiation Therapy for Age-Related Macular Degeneration (RAD-) Study.
77  cepharanthin and dipyridamole depot capsules
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1987 Prosthetic replacement of the superior vena cava treated with antiplatelet agents.
78  gamma-radiation
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
MNPCEs (1 time)
SAF (1 time)
2017 Intake of saffron reduces gamma-radiation-induced genotoxicity and oxidative stress in mice.
79  RA decoction
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
T2DM (1 time)
TCM (1 time)
2012 Herb-drug pharmacokinetic interaction between radix astragali and pioglitazone in rats.
80  RAD, everolimus, Certican
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
CsA (1 time)
2003 Differential effect of cyclosporine A and SDZ RAD on neointima formation of carotid allografts in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice.
81  Rad-57 signal extraction pulse CO-oximeter
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2010 Performance of the RAD-57 pulse CO-oximeter compared with standard laboratory carboxyhemoglobin measurement.
82  RAD16-I in a pure
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
hMSCs (1 time)
rAAV (1 time)
2015 Effective and durable genetic modification of human mesenchymal stem cells via controlled release of rAAV vectors from self-assembling peptide hydrogels with a maintained differentiation potency.
83  radezolid
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HDAS-beta-CD (1 time)
HDMS-beta-CD (1 time)
HS-beta-CD (1 time)
2017 Enantioselective recognition of radezolid by cyclodextrin modified capillary electrokinetic chromatography and electronic circular dichroism.
84  radial and angular distribution functions
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
QMCF (1 time)
RHF (1 time)
2010 Hydrated germanium (II): irregular structural and dynamical properties revealed by a quantum mechanical charge field molecular dynamics study.
85  radial diffusion mapping
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Radial diffusion coefficient mapping.
86  radial nerve
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
MED (1 time)
MUC (1 time)
2014 [Guidance of axillary multiple injection technique for plexus anesthesia. Ultrasound versus nerve stimulation].
87  RAdiation Damage
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
LDs (1 time)
TAG (1 time)
2016 Yeast MRX deletions have short chronological life span and more triacylglycerols.
88  radiation temperatures of T
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Demonstration of ignition radiation temperatures in indirect-drive inertial confinement fusion hohlraums.
89  radiation therapy
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BCa (1 time)
BS (1 time)
PF (1 time)
2018 Prevalence and risk of skeletal complications and use of radiation therapy in elderly women diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer.
90  radiation-induced
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ANAT (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
2009 Carotid angioplasty and stenting in anatomically high-risk patients: Safe and durable except for radiation-induced stenosis.
91  radiation-induced stenosis
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CAD (2 times)
ATH (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
2010 Society of vascular surgery vascular registry comparison of carotid artery stenting outcomes for atherosclerotic vs nonatherosclerotic carotid artery disease.
92  radical resection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
TAE (1 time)
2005 T1 adenocarcinoma of the rectum: transanal excision or radical surgery?
93  radical/hypocotyl region
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
ABA (1 time)
MyA (1 time)
2012 Myrigalone A inhibits Lepidium sativum seed germination by interference with gibberellin metabolism and apoplastic superoxide production required for embryo extension growth and endosperm rupture.
94  radicle
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Regulation of seed germination in the close Arabidopsis relative Lepidium sativum: a global tissue-specific transcript analysis.
95  radicle plus lower hypocotyl
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
PME (1 time)
TR (1 time)
2015 Promotion of testa rupture during garden cress germination involves seed compartment-specific expression and activity of pectin methylesterases.
96  Radicol
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
ER (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
2017 Radicol, a Novel Trinorguaiane-Type Sesquiterpene, Induces Temozolomide-Resistant Glioma Cell Apoptosis via ER Stress and Akt/mTOR Pathway Blockade.
97  radicular artery of Adamkiewicz
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1986 Prevention of paraplegia secondary to operations on the aorta.
98  radioactivity
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
GSTT1-1 (1 time)
LSC (1 time)
2004 In vitro biotransformation and genotoxicity of the drinking water disinfection byproduct bromodichloromethane: DNA binding mediated by glutathione transferase theta 1-1.
99  radioactivity detection
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
VHPLC (1 time)
2008 Improved liquid chromatography-Online radioactivity detection for metabolite profiling.
100  radioassay
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ECL (1 time)
IAA (1 time)
IAbs (1 time)
2015 Electrochemiluminescence assays for insulin and glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies improve prediction of type 1 diabetes risk.