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Abbreviation: RAF
Appearance Frequency: 353 time(s)
Long forms: 109

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
radical adduct formation
(41 times)
Chemistry
(22 times)
HAT (21 times)
SET (16 times)
DFT (7 times)
2009 Reactions of OOH radical with beta-carotene, lycopene, and torulene: hydrogen atom transfer and adduct formation mechanisms.
relative activity factor
(37 times)
Pharmacology
(22 times)
HLM (9 times)
UGT (5 times)
HIM (3 times)
1998 Involvement of CYP1A2 in mexiletine metabolism.
Royal Air Force
(35 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(8 times)
AA (2 times)
CI (2 times)
G-LOC (2 times)
1989 Bone scintigraphy in the evaluation of ejection injuries.
rapidly accelerated fibrosarcoma
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
RAS (11 times)
ERK (10 times)
MAPK (6 times)
2012 Cyclic AMP/PKA-dependent paradoxical activation of Raf/MEK/ERK signaling in polycystin-2 defective mice treated with sorafenib.
rigid amorphous fraction
(14 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
MAF (4 times)
DSC (2 times)
PBS (2 times)
2013 The role of the crystallization temperature on the nanophase structure evolution of poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate].
root-associated fungi
(13 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
DSE (3 times)
ECM (3 times)
AM (1 time)
2010 Shifting fungal endophyte communities colonize Bouteloua gracilis: effect of host tissue and geographical distribution.
repetitive atrial firing
(11 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
FAA (4 times)
PAF (3 times)
AF (2 times)
1980 Mechanical hyperventilation: effect on specialized atrioventricular conduction, supraventricular refractoriness, and experimental atrial arrhythmias in dogs anesthetized with pentobarbital or pentobarbital-halothane.
risk allele frequency
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
OR (6 times)
CI (3 times)
SNPs (3 times)
2010 Detection of susceptibility genes as modifiers due to subgroup differences in complex disease.
randomly amplified DNA fingerprinting
(7 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
AFLP (2 times)
AMP (1 time)
CAPS (1 time)
2001 A DNA fingerprinting procedure for ultra high-throughput genetic analysis of insects.
10  renal artery flow
(7 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
MRI (2 times)
AA (1 time)
ACRS (1 time)
1977 Beneficial effect of arachidonic acid during hemorrhagic shock in the dog.
11  Radiation Amplification Factor
(6 times)
Biology
(3 times)
UV (2 times)
COD (1 time)
COF (1 time)
1994 Continuous dosimetry of the biologically harmful UV-radiation in Antarctica with the biofilm technique.
12  relative accumulation factor
(4 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
CF (2 times)
Cr (1 time)
LOQT (1 time)
2017 Biomonitoring of heavy metals contamination by mosses and lichens around Slovinky tailing pond (Slovakia).
13  relative advantage factor
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
LQ (2 times)
BED (1 time)
RIT (1 time)
1994 Application of the linear-quadratic model to radioimmunotherapy: further support for the advantage of longer-lived radionuclides.
14  Raf proto-oncogene Ser/Thr kinase
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ERK (2 times)
MEK (2 times)
AMPK (1 time)
2018 The AMPK inhibitor overcomes the paradoxical effect of RAF inhibitors through blocking phospho-Ser-621 in the C terminus of CRAF.
15  rafoxanide
(3 times)
Colloids
(1 time)
CLOS (1 time)
FEN (1 time)
IVM (1 time)
2010 Interaction of anthelmintic drugs with P-glycoprotein in recombinant LLC-PK1-mdr1a cells.
16  ranking analysis of F-statistics
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
FDR (2 times)
ODP (2 times)
SAM (2 times)
2008 Ranking analysis of F-statistics for microarray data.
17  recent-onset atrial fibrillation
(3 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
ACEM (1 time)
ACEP (1 time)
CAEP (1 time)
2012 An international view of how recent-onset atrial fibrillation is treated in the emergency department.
18  receptor accessory factor
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
GR (1 time)
IDE (1 time)
1979 Stimulation of oligonucleotide binding of estradiol receptor complexes by accessory proteins.
19  regulation, assessment, follow-up
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
TRF (1 time)
1996 Licensing, quality of care and the surveillance process.
20  renal arterial blood flow
(3 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
DA (1 time)
EO (1 time)
1979 Renal cortical blood flow distribution measured by hydrogen clearance during dopamine and acetylcholine infusion. Effect of electrode thickness and position in cortex.
21  resistance allele frequency
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
EM (1 time)
IPM (1 time)
LOD (1 time)
2014 Quantification of the pirimicarb resistance allele frequency in pooled cotton aphid (Aphis gossypii Glover) samples by TaqMan SNP genotyping assay.
22  routine angiographic follow-up
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CF (3 times)
CI (3 times)
DES (3 times)
2017 Routine angiographic follow-up versus clinical follow-up in patients with multivessel coronary artery diseases following percutaneous coronary intervention with drug-eluting stents: a nested case-control study within a Korean population.
23  c-Raf
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CRD (1 time)
2011 Activation kinetics of RAF protein in the ternary complex of RAF, RAS-GTP, and kinase on the plasma membrane of living cells: single-molecule imaging analysis.
24  Raf proto-oncogene serine/threonine protein kinase
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
LA (1 time)
lncRNAs (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
2016 Preclinical efficacy of a RAF inhibitor that evades paradoxical MAPK pathway activation in protein kinase BRAF-mutant lung cancer.
25  random forest
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AI-CALS (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CTU (1 time)
2017 Urinary bladder cancer staging in CT urography using machine learning.
26  rapid atrial fibrillation
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
EMS (1 time)
HR (1 time)
NSTE-ACS (1 time)
2001 Prehospital management of rapid atrial fibrillation: recommendations for treatment protocols.
27  rapidly growing fibrosarcoma
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
ERK (1 time)
MEK (1 time)
2009 Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761 exerts anti-angiogenic effects via activation of tyrosine phosphatases.
28  rat amniotic fluid
(2 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
MAF (1 time)
1983 Extracts of rat amniotic fluid contain a potent inducer of intestinal crypt formation.
29  rate-amplitude function
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BF (2 times)
DR (2 times)
IC (2 times)
2007 Neurons in the inferior colliculus of the big brown bat show maximal amplitude sensitivity at the best duration.
30  Real-world Action Field
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Getting nowhere fast: trade-off between speed and precision in training to execute image-guided hand-tool movements.
31  realistic anthropomorphic flexible
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
B-Rep (1 time)
2018 Development and Validation of the Realistic Anthropomorphic Flexible (RAF) Phantom.
32  receptor auxiliary factor
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
VDRE (2 times)
hVDR (1 time)
RXRs (1 time)
1993 Retinoid X receptors stimulate and 9-cis retinoic acid inhibits 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-activated expression of the rat osteocalcin gene.
33  receptor neurons of the crayfish Orconectes limosus
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
--- 1978 [Frequency response of the abdominal stretch receptor neurons of the crayfish Orconectes limosus (RAF.) to intracellular current stimulation].
34  recreationally active females
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ETM (2 times)
RAM (2 times)
EE (1 time)
2007 Effects of endurance training status and sex differences on Na+,K+-pump mRNA expression, content and maximal activity in human skeletal muscle.
35  rectal advacenment flap
(2 times)
Colonic Diseases
(1 time)
AFP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
MF (1 time)
2017 Surgical Treatment of Rectovaginal Fistula in Crohn's Disease: A Tertiary Center Experience.
36  recurrence of AF
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (2 times)
CBA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2019 Patient characteristics as predictors of recurrence of atrial fibrillation following cryoballoon ablation.
37  Regionally Aligned Forces
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(2 times)
PA (2 times)
SOCM (1 time)
0 Patella Fracture in US Servicemember in an Austere Location.
38  resource allocation formula
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
MOHP (1 time)
NT (1 time)
PHC (1 time)
1997 Outcomes-based resource allocation for indigenous health services: a model for northern Australia?
39  rheumatoid arthritis factor
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ANF (1 time)
ASOT (1 time)
CCP (1 time)
2005 An audit of serological tests carried out at clinical laboratory of Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad.
40  risk assessment factor
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DSL (1 time)
EAF (1 time)
HAF (1 time)
2005 Are we good at thromboembolic disease prophylaxis - an audit of the use of risk assessment forms in emergency medical admissions.
41  rye aleurone flour
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AX (1 time)
DF (1 time)
WFL (1 time)
2009 The role of whole-wheat grain and wheat and rye ingredients on the digestion and fermentation processes in the gut--a model experiment with pigs.
42  KRAS-rapidly accelerated fibrosarcoma kinase
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
ERK (1 time)
HER2 (1 time)
2014 Co-treatment with panitumumab and trastuzumab augments response to the MEK inhibitor trametinib in a patient-derived xenograft model of pancreatic cancer.
43  RA and FM
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
FM (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2009 Rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia: a frequent unrelated association complicating disease management.
44  RA failure
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
FA (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2014 Effect of radial-to-femoral access crossover on adverse outcomes in primary percutaneous coronary intervention.
45  rabeprazole, amoxicillin, and furazolidone
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BAF (1 time)
BCF (1 time)
HP (1 time)
2008 [Efficacy of 4 kinds of triple strategy for Helicobacter pylori eradication].
46  Radiofrequency ablation for atrial fibrillation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AEF (1 time)
2009 Neurological consequences of atrioesophageal fistula after radiofrequency ablation in atrial fibrillation.
47  RAF in each matrix; the alpha
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
CNT (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2019 Effects of CNTs on thermal transitions, thermal diffusivity and electrical conductivity in nanocomposites: comparison between an amorphous and a semicrystalline polymer matrix.
48  Rapid Access Format
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 ASTRAL compendium enhancements.
49  rapid alkalinisation factor
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
AOS (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
CBL (1 time)
2018 Proteomic and ecophysiological responses of soybean (Glycine max L.) root nodules to Pb and hg stress.
50  rapid atrial fibrillation or flutter
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ORs (1 time)
VRR (1 time)
2001 The use of diltiazem for treating rapid atrial fibrillation in the out-of-hospital setting.
51  Rapidly Accelerated Fibrosarcoma protein
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ERK (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
LncRNA (1 time)
2019 Role of BRAF in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Rationale for Future Targeted Cancer Therapies.
52  rapidly adapting field receptor
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 1987 Stimulation of cutaneous mechanoreceptors by 60-Hz electric fields.
53  Ras activating factor
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DFG (1 time)
2017 Bisarylureas Based on 1H-Pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine Scaffold as Novel Pan-RAF Inhibitors with Potent Anti-Proliferative Activities: Structure-Based Design, Synthesis, Biological Evaluation and Molecular Modelling Studies.
54  rat amnion fibroblasts
(1 time)
Embryology
(1 time)
gd (1 time)
PCBs (1 time)
2006 PCB 50 stimulates release of arachidonic acid and prostaglandins from late gestation rat amnion fibroblast cells.
55  Rat annulus fibrosus
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
2014 Toxic effects of levofloxacin on rat annulus fibrosus cells: an in-vitro study.
56  rationale about automation failures
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2020 Some cues are more equal than others: Cue plausibility for false alarms in baggage screening.
57  recombinant activated factor
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
2009 Sorafenib induces growth inhibition and apoptosis in human synovial sarcoma cells via inhibiting the RAF/MEK/ERK signaling pathway.
58  Reconfigurable Assembly Fixture
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
FAHP (1 time)
FSE (1 time)
FWA (1 time)
2020 Hybridized fuzzy analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy weighted average for identifying optimal design concept.
59  rectus abdominis flap
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
ALT (1 time)
ATV (1 time)
GSW (1 time)
2019 Selecting a free flap for soft tissue coverage in lower extremity reconstruction.
60  recurrence persistent AF
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
NTP-BNP (1 time)
2008 Sinus rhythm restoration after atrial fibrillation: the clinical value of N-terminal pro-BNP measurements.
61  recurrent AF after catheter ablation
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
FWHM (1 time)
LA LGE (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of quantification methods for left arial late gadolinium enhancement based on different references in patients with atrial fibrillation.
62  Recurrent atrial fibrillation
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
2019 Immunopathogenesis and biomarkers of recurrent atrial fibrillation following ablation therapy in patients with preexisting atrial fibrillation.
63  Reference Asian Female
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
RAM (1 time)
2001 Evaluation of body mass index for a reference Pakistani man and woman.
64  referred to more formally as a 'reflexively autocatalytic food-generated
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2019 Autocatalytic networks in biology: structural theory and algorithms.
65  Reflexive Autocatalytic, Food-generated
(1 time)
GMMs (1 time)
2014 Growth and division in a dynamic protocell model.
66  reflexively autocatalytic and food-generated
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Autocatalytic sets and biological specificity.
67  refractory to the AF
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
MMPs (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2009 Impact of matrix metalloproteinase-2 levels on long-term outcome following pharmacological or electrical cardioversion in patients with atrial fibrillation.
68  region A factor
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Yeast HAP1 activator competes with the factor RC2 for binding to the upstream activation site UAS1 of the CYC1 gene.
69  regional area fraction
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
CCR (1 time)
EDA (1 time)
ESA (1 time)
2011 Reduced preload elicits increased LV twist in healthy humans: an echocardiographic speckle-tracking study during lower body negative pressure.
70  registration-based autofocusing
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
TB (1 time)
2015 Registration-based autofocusing technique for automatic correction of motion artifacts in time-series studies of high-resolution bone MRI.
71  Relationship Assessment Form
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
FOS (1 time)
SFI (1 time)
1996 Family functioning of perinatal substance abusers in treatment.
72  relative abdominal fat
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2012 Survival benefit of abdominal adiposity: a 6-year follow-up study with Dual X-ray absorptiometry in 3,978 older adults.
73  relative AF
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2018 High-throughput sequencing reveals distinct genetic features and clinical implications of NSCLC with de novo and acquired EGFR T790M mutation.
74  Relative Aggregate Footprint
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MENA (1 time)
2020 The importance of considering resource availability restrictions in energy planning: What is the footprint of electricity generation in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA)?
75  released-active forms
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
Abs (1 time)
IFNG (1 time)
2016 Use of Piezoelectric Immunosensors for Detection of Interferon-Gamma Interaction with Specific Antibodies in the Presence of Released-Active Forms of Antibodies to Interferon-Gamma.
76  remote assistant fitting
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
SSQ-C (1 time)
2017 Self-Adjustment of Upper Electrical Stimulation Levels in CI Programming and the Effect on Auditory Functioning.
77  renal arteriovenous fistula
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Transcatheter embolization of a huge renal arteriovenous fistula with Amplatzer Vascular Plug.
78  reproductively arrested females
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GPx (1 time)
GSI (1 time)
GST (1 time)
2015 Relation between increased oxidative stress and histological abnormalities in the ovaries of Alburnus tarichi in Lake Van, Turkey.
79  requiring antifungal therapy
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CDI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
FUO (1 time)
2012 Significance of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in children and young adults with febrile neutropenia during chemotherapy for cancer: a prospective study.
80  Research and Advocacy Fund
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
MNH (1 time)
2015 Bridging evidence, policy, and practice to strengthen health systems for improved maternal and newborn health in Pakistan.
81  residual aqueous fractions
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CLF (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
EAF (1 time)
2019 Central nervous system depressant effects of fractions of methanol leaf extract of Cissus cornifolia (Baker) Planch.
82  resin-air hole-full
(1 time)
Dental Implantation
(1 time)
CLF (1 time)
CR (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2019 Effects of cementless fixation of implant prosthesis: A finite element study.
83  resolution-aware fitting
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AAM (1 time)
2007 The asymmetry of image registration and its application to face tracking.
84  resonant acoustic fields
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Retroviral transduction of adherent cells in resonant acoustic fields.
85  response to atrial fibrillation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ICU (1 time)
SSR (1 time)
1983 Efficacy of i.v. amiodarone in converting rapid atrial fibrillation and flutter to sinus rhythm in intensive care patients.
86  resulting from the formation of an immobilized interphase
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2020 Competition of nanoparticle-induced mobilization and immobilization effects on segmental dynamics of an epoxy-based nanocomposite.
87  Retinol Accumulation Factor
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Beta-carotene from cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) leaves improves vitamin A status in rats.
88  retroangular flap
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 Facial artery flaps in facial oncoplastic reconstruction.
89  rheumatic atrial fibrillation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2006 [Human inward rectifying potassium current in myocytes isolated from patients with rheumatic atrial fibrillation].
90  right atrial free wall
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
AF (1 time)
LAF (1 time)
2007 Mechanisms of the preventive effect of pilsicainide on atrial fibrillation originating from the pulmonary vein.
91  right atrial specialized fibers
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1978 Alpha and beta adrenergic effects on human atrial specialized conducting fibers.
92  right to adequate food
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
PHC (1 time)
2018 Can primary health care strengthen the right to adequate food as a human right in Latin America??Como la atencion primaria de salud puede fortalecer la alimentacion adecuada como derecho en America Latina?
93  ring apophysis fracture
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
LDH (1 time)
2013 Ring apophysis fracture in pediatric lumbar disc herniation: a common entity.
94  ring-arrayed forward-viewing
(1 time)
US (1 time)
2020 Ring-arrayed Forward-viewing Ultrasound Imaging System: A Feasibility Study.
95  Risk Acknowledgement Form
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2020 Valproate risk form-Surveying 215 clinicians involving 4775 encounters.
96  Risk Adjustment Factor
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
CMS-HCC (1 time)
MA (1 time)
MAOs (1 time)
2017 Value-based contracting innovated Medicare advantage healthcare delivery and improved survival.
97  Risk Assessment Form for Pediatric Injuries
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
FHC (1 time)
2018 Effects of a Safety-Awareness-Promoting Program Targeting Mothers of Children Aged 0-6 Years to Prevent Pediatric Injuries in the Home Environment: Implications for Nurses.
98  risk assessment questionnaire form
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
STAR (1 time)
2005 Barriers to minority participation in breast carcinoma prevention trials.
99  ristocetin aggregation factor
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1976 Failure of AHF concentration to control bleeding in von Willebrand's disease.
100  ristocetin-dependent platelet aggregation factor
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 1976 Function and ultrastructure of platelets of neonates: enhanced ristocetin aggregation of neonatal platelets.