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Abbreviation: RAL
Appearance Frequency: 724 time(s)
Long forms: 73

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
raltegravir
(278 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(89 times)
EVG (59 times)
DTG (53 times)
IN (32 times)
2008 Drug resistance profiles for the HIV integrase gene in patients failing raltegravir salvage therapy.
raloxifene
(137 times)
Molecular Biology
(27 times)
ER (33 times)
TAM (30 times)
SERMs (22 times)
1996 Stimulation of creatine kinase specific activity in human osteoblast and endometrial cells by estrogens and anti-estrogens and its modulation by calciotropic hormones.
relative attachment level
(85 times)
Dentistry
(58 times)
PD (38 times)
PPD (30 times)
BOP (24 times)
1992 Periodontal changes by HIV serostatus in a cohort of homosexual and bisexual men.
robot-assisted laparoscopic
(53 times)
Urology
(25 times)
CL (5 times)
LOS (5 times)
DIE (3 times)
2007 Minimally invasive surgical approaches to retrovesical structures.
relative adduct labeling
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
PhIP (4 times)
PAH (3 times)
CSC (2 times)
1989 Evaluation of 32P-postlabeling analysis of DNA from exfoliated oral mucosa cells as a means of monitoring exposure of the oral cavity to genotoxic agents.
retinaldehyde
(24 times)
Dermatology
(16 times)
RA (11 times)
ROL (6 times)
GA (4 times)
1996 Metabolism of topical retinaldehyde and retinol by mouse skin in vivo: predominant formation of retinyl esters and identification of 14-hydroxy-4, 14-retro-retinol.
resorcylic acid lactone
(15 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
DES (2 times)
alpha-TB (1 time)
beta-TB (1 time)
1989 Murine macrophage activation with resorcyclic acid lactones (RALs): comparison with diethylstilbestrol and 17 beta-estradiol.
retinal
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ROL (6 times)
RA (4 times)
RPE (3 times)
1989 Inhibitory effects of carotenoids and retinoids on the in vitro growth of rat C-6 glioma cells.
right apical lobe
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
CL (3 times)
PETCO2 (1 time)
PETO2 (1 time)
1978 An animal model for the study of regional lung function.
10  all-trans-retinal
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DAD (1 time)
DMHQ (1 time)
HQ (1 time)
1981 Effects of retinoids on plating efficiency, sister-chromatid exchange (SCE) and mitomycin-C-induced SCE in cultured Chinese hamster cells.
11  rapid AL
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
AL (3 times)
ALT (3 times)
CV (3 times)
1995 Correlation between gingival crevicular fluid dipeptidyl peptidase II and IV activity and periodontal attachment loss. A 2-year longitudinal study in chronic periodontitis patients.
12  rating of acceptable load
(3 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
RPE (1 time)
1992 Anthropometric, muscle strength, and spinal mobility characteristics as predictors in the rating of acceptable loads in parcel sorting.
13  renal artery ligation
(3 times)
Pain
(1 time)
AII (1 time)
ANG (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
1993 Antihypertensive activity of ABBOTT-81282, a nonpeptide angiotensin II antagonist, in the renal hypertensive rat.
14  ritonavir (LPV/r) + raltegravir
(3 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
ARV (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
FDA-TLOVR (1 time)
2011 Examination of noninferiority, safety, and tolerability of lopinavir/ritonavir and raltegravir compared with lopinavir/ritonavir and tenofovir/ emtricitabine in antiretroviral-naive subjects: the progress study, 48-week results.
15  robotic-assisted lobectomy
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IPTW (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
OL (1 time)
2011 Comparison of the early robot-assisted lobectomy experience to video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy for lung cancer: a single-institution case series matching study.
16  Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
FETS (1 time)
LEBT (1 time)
MEBT (1 time)
2014 Matching an H(-) beam into a radio frequency quadrupole at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory.
17  11-cis-retinaldehyde
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CRALBP (1 time)
IPM (1 time)
1992 Promotion of the release of 11-cis-retinal from cultured retinal pigment epithelium by interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein.
18  raloxifene hydrochloride
(2 times)
Drug Design
(1 time)
MDR (1 time)
MSN (1 time)
SERMs (1 time)
2015 Reversal effects of Raloxifene on paclitaxel resistance in 2 MDR breast cancer cells.
19  refractory acute leukemia
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
CZG (1 time)
2012 [Clinical observation of Compound Zhebei Granule in improving the survival time of refractory acute leukemia patients].
20  relative AL
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CAL (2 times)
AL (1 time)
EHI (1 time)
2007 Clinical attachment level measurements with and without the use of a stent by a computerized electronic probe.
21  remote afterloading
(2 times)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
HDR (1 time)
1988 High dose rate 60Co remote afterloading irradiation in cancer of the cervix in Haiti, 1977-1984.
22  respiratory alkalosis
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
ABD (2 times)
AG (2 times)
ABGG (1 time)
2000 Study on acid-base disturbance in patients with post-traumatic multiple organ dysfunction syndrome.
23  rheological activity of leukocytes
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
fMLP (1 time)
G-CSF (1 time)
PIH (1 time)
1990 [Rheological analysis of suppressed leukocytosis in patients with pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH)].
24  right-atrial-lesion
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
RAA (2 times)
AF (1 time)
2013 An effective modification to simplify the right atrial lesion set of the Cox-cryomaze.
25  11-cis-retinal
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
RPE (1 time)
2011 Regeneration of photopigment is enhanced in mouse cone photoreceptors expressing RPE65 protein.
26  Fluo-RAL
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2011 [Evaluation of the Fluo-RAL (RAL) kit for the identification of mycobacteria by fluorescence microscopy].
27  Fluo-RAL kit
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2011 [Evaluation of the Fluo-RAL (RAL) kit for the identification of mycobacteria by fluorescence microscopy].
28  inhibitors-raltegravir
(1 time)
Virus Diseases
(1 time)
ELV (1 time)
IN (1 time)
INSTI (1 time)
2012 In Silico and In Vitro Comparison of HIV-1 Subtypes B and CRF02_AG Integrases Susceptibility to Integrase Strand Transfer Inhibitors.
29  R. anastomoticus cum a. lacrimali
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
LA (1 time)
MMA (1 time)
OA (1 time)
1996 [Development variations of the R. anastomoticus cum a. lacrimali in Japanese].
30  RA longitudinal diameter
(1 time)
Cardiovascular System
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
OSAS (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2018 Assessment of right atrium dysfunction in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome using velocity vector imaging.
31  radial annular ligament
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
SD (1 time)
2010 Obscure pathology of pulled elbow: dynamic high-resolution ultrasound-assisted classification.
32  radial arterial line
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PSS (1 time)
2018 Comparison of a pressure-sensing sheath and radial arterial line for intraoperative blood pressure monitoring in neurointerventional procedures.
33  radial artery line catheters
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AAMI (1 time)
DBPs (1 time)
MAPs (1 time)
2008 Comparison of a radial artery compression device with invasive radial artery blood pressure monitoring.
34  radical axillary lymphadenectomy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
SLNB (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2006 [Impact of the availability of an external nuclear medicine service in the application of sentinel lymph node biopsy in breast cancer surgery].
35  radiologically active lesions
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
NBO (1 time)
RINBO (1 time)
WB-MRI (1 time)
2017 Whole-body MRI in patients with Non-bacterial Osteitis: Radiological findings and correlation with clinical data.
36  radius of anterior lens surface curvature
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
HOA (1 time)
RPL (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2017 The Relationship Between High-Order Aberration and Anterior Ocular Biometry During Accommodation in Young Healthy Adults.
37  Ralgro
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ADG (1 time)
CON (1 time)
REV (1 time)
1996 Implant program effects on performance and carcass quality of steer calves finished for 212 days.
38  raloxifene HCl
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DOX (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2015 Radio Frequency-Activated Nanoliposomes for Controlled Combination Drug Delivery.
39  raloxifene-administered group
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2019 Effect of Raloxifene Administration on Bone Response Around Implant in the Maxilla of Osteoporotic Rats.
40  Ramfjord Attachment Level measurements
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
GCF (1 time)
1996 The effect of ketoprofen creams on periodontal disease in rhesus monkeys.
41  random air-line
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
FBG (1 time)
MITR (1 time)
2018 Radiation resistant fiber Bragg grating in random air-line fibers for sensing applications in nuclear reactor cores.
42  rapid AL sites
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
ALT (1 time)
CV (1 time)
1996 A 2-year longitudinal study of elastase in human gingival crevicular fluid and periodontal attachment loss.
43  rapid antigen latex agglutination
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
Hib (1 time)
2008 Invasive infections caused by Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae among children in St Petersburg, Russia.
44  RAS-like
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2003 RAL GTPases are linchpin modulators of human tumour-cell proliferation and survival.
45  Reactifs RAL, Martillac, France
(1 time)
Hematologic Tests
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
MPO (1 time)
2010 Evaluation of peroxidase activity by alpha-naphthol/pyronine staining compared with benzidine staining in 101 acute leukemia cases.
46  real life data on raltegravir
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
cART (1 time)
pVL (1 time)
2019 "Real life" use of raltegravir during pregnancy in France: The Coferal-IMEA048 cohort study.
47  recent approval raltegravir
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
AZT (1 time)
ddI (1 time)
2016 Testing anti-HIV activity of antiretroviral agents in vitro using flow cytometry analysis of CEM-GFP cells infected with transfection-derived HIV-1 NL4-3.
48  receptors alone with raloxifene
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
DMBA (1 time)
FLX (1 time)
2016 Ameliorative potential of fluoxetine/raloxifene combination on experimentally induced breast cancer.
49  recreational activity level
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
PSS (1 time)
2012 Self-reported recreational exercise combining regularity and impact is necessary to maximize bone mineral density in young adult women: a population-based study of 1,061 women 25 years of age.
50  recurrent abdominal liposarcoma
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CMR (1 time)
GTR (1 time)
RFI (1 time)
2013 Recurrent abdominal liposarcoma: analysis of 19 cases and prognostic factors.
51  recurrent air leak
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
FEV1 (1 time)
2016 Recurrent air leak soon after pulmonary lobectomy: an analysis based on an electronic airflow evaluation†.
52  redox-active ligand
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
Mn (1 time)
WOC (1 time)
1985 Molecular mechanism of water oxidation in photosynthesis based on the functioning of manganese in two different environments.
53  refed either ad libitum
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
LD (1 time)
SP (1 time)
ST (1 time)
2008 Food restriction and refeeding in lambs influence muscle antioxidant status.
54  reflex appearance levels
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
PAL (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2005 Gender difference in masseteric exteroceptive suppression period and pain perception.
55  regular and asymptotically linear
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2016 STATISTICAL INFERENCE FOR THE MEAN OUTCOME UNDER A POSSIBLY NON-UNIQUE OPTIMAL TREATMENT STRATEGY.
56  relative attachment level measurements
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
SSAC (1 time)
1999 Option-4 algorithm for third generation disc probe: agreement of selected site-specific relative attachment level measurements and detection of longitudinal site-specific attachment level change.
57  release potential
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ALS (1 time)
DGT (1 time)
DIFS (1 time)
2017 Mobile phosphorus stratification in sediments by aluminum immobilization.
58  remote afterloading brachytherapy
(1 time)
MAL (1 time)
1990 The costs of low dose rate remote afterloading compared to manual afterloading brachytherapy.
59  renal artery ligated rat model
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
DCM (1 time)
HF (1 time)
MYOCD (1 time)
2019 Myocardin ablation in a cardiac-renal rat model.
60  report the feasibility of performing simultaneousrobotic-assisted laparoscopic
(1 time)
Robotics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Simultaneous bilateral robotic-assisted laparoscopic procedures in children.
61  retinal anastomosis to the lesion
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AMD (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
RAP (1 time)
2010 Retinal angiomatous proliferation or retinal anastomosis to the lesion.
62  right accessory lobe
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
pos (2 times)
BADJs (1 time)
PNY (1 time)
2013 Endogenous distal airway progenitor cells, lung mechanics, and disproportionate lobar growth following long-term postpneumonectomy in mice.
63  right anterior lobe
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
AB (1 time)
RL (1 time)
RPL (1 time)
2017 The error analysis of Lobular and segmental division of right liver by volume measurement.
64  right auricle loading
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
LAL (1 time)
1987 [Critical assessment of the criteria proposed for the ECG diagnosis of atrial loading].
65  risk allelic load
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2018 Exploring the moderating effects of dopaminergic polymorphisms and childhood adversity on brain morphology in schizophrenia-spectrum disorders.
66  ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (LPV/r), raltegravir
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DTG (1 time)
EFV (1 time)
NRTI (1 time)
2014 48-week efficacy and safety of dolutegravir relative to commonly used third agents in treatment-naive HIV-1-infected patients: a systematic review and network meta-analysis.
67  robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
RALS (1 time)
2007 Concurrent upper and lower urinary tract robotic surgery: strategies for success.
68  robotic-assisted lymphadenectomy
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
ICG (1 time)
ISB (1 time)
2012 Detection of sentinel lymph nodes in patients with endometrial cancer undergoing robotic-assisted staging: a comparison of colorimetric and fluorescence imaging.
69  Robots in assisted living
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
CNNs (1 time)
OF (1 time)
2018 A Novel Artificial Organic Control System for Mobile Robot Navigation in Assisted Living Using Vision- and Neural-Based Strategies.
70  Robust Adaptive Lasso
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 Robust Adaptive Lasso method for parameter's estimation and variable selection in high-dimensional sparse models.
71  ROL and RE, i.e. all-trans-retinaldehyde
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ARAT (1 time)
CRBP-I (1 time)
RE (1 time)
2001 Topical delivery of retinoids counteracts the UVB-induced epidermal vitamin A depletion in hairless mouse.
72  rostral part of the anterior limb of the anterior commissure
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1978 A quantitative histological study of changes in neurons and glia in the Gunn rat brain.
73  rubella-associated line
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 1966 Characteristics of serially propagated monkey kidney cell cultures with persistent rubella infection.