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Abbreviation: RAR
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Long forms: 133

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
retinoic acid receptor
(985 times)
Biochemistry
(178 times)
RXR (313 times)
RA (223 times)
ATRA (147 times)
1985 The influence of retinoic acid receptor (RAR) status of bladder tumours on the course of the disease.
RA receptor
(148 times)
Molecular Biology
(28 times)
RA (137 times)
RXR (36 times)
ATRA (11 times)
1990 Expression of retinoic acid receptor genes in neural crest-derived cells during mouse facial development.
renal-aortic ratio
(23 times)
Vascular Diseases
(8 times)
PSV (15 times)
RAS (15 times)
ROC (4 times)
1990 Renal artery stenosis: evaluation with color Doppler flow imaging.
rapidly adapting receptors
(22 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
SAR (6 times)
nTS (3 times)
HFI (2 times)
1979 Topical anesthesia of tracheal receptors.
radioadaptive response
(13 times)
Genetics
(7 times)
IR (2 times)
NIRS (2 times)
RIBE (2 times)
2003 [Differentiation of activity of a superoxide dismutase inhibitor in human cells exposed to radiation, chemical mutagens and radioadaptive response].
Rapid Assessment and Response
(12 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
KI (2 times)
EBIs (1 time)
FGs (1 time)
2000 Rapidly responding to injecting drug use and HIV in Brazil: a field-report from Sao Vicente, Sao Paulo State.
renal allograft recipients
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
KYN (2 times)
Trp (2 times)
3-HKYN (1 time)
1987 Graft-induced polyclonal activation of B cells. II. Humoral response of renal allograft recipients (RAR).
response-adaptive randomization
(11 times)
Statistics as Topic
(7 times)
ER (2 times)
AR (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2011 Block response-adaptive randomization in clinical trials with binary endpoints.
rectoanal repair
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
DGHAL (5 times)
DG-RAR (2 times)
HAL (2 times)
2010 Doppler-guided haemorrhoidal artery ligation, rectoanal repair, sutured haemorrhoidopexy and minimal mucocutaneous excision for grades III-IV haemorrhoids: a multicenter prospective study of safety and efficacy.
10  retinoic acid nuclear receptors
(8 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
RA (3 times)
ATRA (1 time)
Bmax (1 time)
1992 Expression of retinoic acid nuclear receptors and tissue transglutaminase is altered in various tissues of rats fed a vitamin A-deficient diet.
11  rapidly adapting pulmonary stretch receptor
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
RL (2 times)
VT (2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
1989 Effects of ammonia and histamine on lung irritant receptors in the rabbit.
12  rest-activity rhythm
(7 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
CS (3 times)
LD (1 time)
MrOS Sleep (1 time)
2013 Rest-activity circadian rhythms in aged Nothobranchius korthausae. The effects of melatonin.
13  Renal allograft rupture
(6 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
Cr (1 time)
RVT (1 time)
2001 Renal allograft rupture is associated with rejection or acute tubular necrosis, but not with renal vein thrombosis.
14  renal artery reconstruction
(6 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
BES (1 time)
CI (1 time)
FMD (1 time)
1994 The durability of different reconstructive techniques for atherosclerotic renal artery disease.
15  retinoic acid receptor alpha
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
APL (4 times)
NPM (2 times)
PML (2 times)
1998 All-trans retinoic acid blocks the antiproliferative prodifferentiating actions of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in normal human keratinocytes.
16  acid receptor
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
ATRA (4 times)
APL (3 times)
PML (3 times)
1997 tau4/tau c/AF-2 of the thyroid hormone receptor relieves silencing of the retinoic acid receptor silencer core independent of both tau4 activation function and full dissociation of corepressors.
17  renal/aortal velocity ratio
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
PSV (3 times)
RAS (3 times)
DUS (2 times)
2001 [Color duplex ultrasound imaging of renal arteries and detection of hemodynamically relevant renal artery stenoses].
18  all-trans-retinoic acid receptor
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
ER (1 time)
PgR (1 time)
1994 Expression of all-trans-retinoic acid receptor RNA in human thyroid cells.
19  regions at risk
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
COIV (2 times)
I/R (2 times)
PC (2 times)
1997 Multiple local minima in radiotherapy optimization problems with dose-volume constraints.
20  rapidly adapting irritant receptors
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
LTC4 (1 time)
SCG (1 time)
SRS-A (1 time)
1984 Rapidly-adapting receptor activity and intratracheal pressure in guinea pigs. I. Action of leukotriene C4.
21  rat aortic rings
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PE (2 times)
AHG (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
2005 Peroxynitrite-induced relaxation in isolated rat aortic rings and mechanisms of action.
22  receptors--retinoic acid receptor
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
RXR (2 times)
MCMV (1 time)
RA (1 time)
1998 Ligand induction of retinoic acid receptors alters an acute infection by murine cytomegalovirus.
23  rectangular area ratio
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
SEFV (2 times)
COPD (1 time)
DH (1 time)
2010 Breath-by-breath quantification of progressive airflow limitation during exercise in COPD: a new method.
24  refractory acute rejection
(3 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
BOS (1 time)
FEV1 (1 time)
OB (1 time)
1994 [Treatment of refractory acute rejection after renal transplantation with lymphogloline].
25  renal artery revascularization
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
OR (2 times)
ARAS (1 time)
CCI (1 time)
1998 Renal anatomic changes on magnetic resonance imaging and gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography after renal revascularization. Original investigation.
26  renal artery to the aorta
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
EDR (1 time)
PSV (1 time)
RAS (1 time)
1986 Noninvasive diagnosis of renal artery stenosis by ultrasonic duplex scanning.
27  rest-activity circadian rhythm
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
aBMD (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2010 Rest/activity rhythms and mortality rates in older men: MrOS Sleep Study.
28  risk assessment report
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PNEC (2 times)
BLM (1 time)
BLMs (1 time)
2001 Butadiene--progress under the European Union Existing Substances Regulation.
29  radiation adaptive response
(2 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
DNA-PK (2 times)
PI3K (2 times)
PKC (2 times)
2002 Adaptive response and the influence of ageing: effects of low-dose irradiation on cell growth of cultured glial cells.
30  real aperture radar
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
GBSAR (1 time)
ISAR (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2010 High-resolution imaging using a wideband MIMO radar system with two distributed arrays.
31  rectum anterior resection
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
APR (2 times)
RCa (1 time)
2018 Impact on sexual function of surgical treatment in rectal cancer.
32  relative accommodation reserves
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AAV (1 time)
EB (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2004 [Results of a complex evaluation of accommodative asthenopia in using different-design video monitors].
33  relative attributable risk
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
aRR (1 time)
PAF (1 time)
1997 Different disease rates in two populations: how much is due to differences in risk factors?
34  remote astroglial response
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1995 The remote astroglial response (RAR): a holistic approach for evaluating the effects of lesions of the central nervous system.
35  reverse Arthus reaction
(2 times)
Arthritis
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
ECKO (1 time)
HUVECs (1 time)
1983 A rapid and reliable in vivo method for anti-GPLA (class I and class II antigens) antibody titration and GPLA typing.
36  risk at randomization
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CABG (1 time)
STS (1 time)
SVR (1 time)
2010 STICH (Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure) trial enrollment.
37  Robot-Assisted Rehabilitation
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
MOCAPs (2 times)
EIKPE (1 time)
GH (1 time)
2016 Optical Enhancement of Exoskeleton-Based Estimation of Glenohumeral Angles.
38  room air
(2 times)
Perinatology
(1 time)
cTnT (1 time)
NAG (1 time)
SOD (1 time)
2001 Six years of experience with the use of room air for the resuscitation of asphyxiated newly born term infants.
39  room-air-reared
(2 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
ROP (2 times)
ERGs (1 time)
MRIs (1 time)
2012 Refractive Development in the "ROP Rat".
40  all-trans-retinoic acid
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
hRAR alpha (1 time)
1993 The conserved ninth C-terminal heptad in thyroid hormone and retinoic acid receptors mediates diverse responses by affecting heterodimer but not homodimer formation.
41  anti-RA receptor
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
EMSAs (1 time)
RA (1 time)
tPA (1 time)
2005 The t-PA -7351C>T enhancer polymorphism decreases Sp1 and Sp3 protein binding affinity and transcriptional responsiveness to retinoic acid.
42  Arenaceous rock
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2006 Effects of pH, organic acids, and inorganic ions on lead desorption from soils.
43  atRA receptors
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AhR (1 time)
ATRA (1 time)
Rarg (1 time)
2011 Retinoic acid drives aryl hydrocarbon receptor expression and is instrumental to dioxin-induced toxicity during palate development.
44  identified--retinoic acid receptor
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
c-RA (1 time)
RA (1 time)
RXR (1 time)
1994 The expression of retinoid X receptor genes is regulated by all-trans- and 9-cis-retinoic acid in F9 teratocarcinoma cells.
45  RA receptor:retinoid X receptor
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
RA (1 time)
1995 A dynamic balance between ARP-1/COUP-TFII, EAR-3/COUP-TFI, and retinoic acid receptor:retinoid X receptor heterodimers regulates Oct-3/4 expression in embryonal carcinoma cells.
46  RA reverse remodeling
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
RA (1 time)
RAVI (1 time)
2011 Prevalence and determinants of incomplete right atrial reverse remodeling after device closure of atrial septal defects.
47  RA-activated RA receptor
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
RAR-beta (1 time)
1996 Different ligand responsiveness of human retinoic-acid-receptor beta-gene transcription in tumorigenic and non-tumorigenic cervical-carcinoma-derived cell lines is mediated through a large retinoic-acid-response domain.
48  rAAA repair
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
EAR (1 time)
EER (1 time)
2013 Surgeon elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair volume and outcomes of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: a 12-year nationwide study.
49  rabbit antiserum specific for the receptors of RBL cells
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
RBL (1 time)
RMC (1 time)
1980 The presence of two kinds of receptors for IgE on rat mast cells.
50  radial acceleration relation
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MOND (1 time)
2018 Radial Acceleration Relation of LamdaCDM Satellite Galaxies.
51  Radiation Accident Registry
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
NDR (1 time)
2011 The design of Radiation Accident Registry.
52  radiation-induced adaptive response
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
JNK (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
PKC (1 time)
2002 [Hypothesis of the mechanism of adaptive response induction in mammalian cells by low-dose irradiation].
53  radioactivity rate
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CBF (1 time)
OCD (1 time)
SPECT (1 time)
2014 Regional cerebral blood flow and cognitive function in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder.
54  radiological recurrence
(1 time)
BCR (1 time)
BR (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
2016 Mid-term Outcomes Following Salvage Lymph Node Dissection for Prostate Cancer Nodal Recurrence Status Post-radical Prostatectomy.
55  ragweed-allergic rhinitis
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
NS (1 time)
1988 Intranasal nedocromil sodium in the treatment of ragweed-allergic rhinitis.
56  rank abundance relations
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
--- 2008 Rank abundance relations in evolutionary dynamics of random replicators.
57  Ranked Adjusted Rand
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2007 Ranked Adjusted Rand: integrating distance and partition information in a measure of clustering agreement.
58  Rapid access route
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
FU (1 time)
2006 Reducing surgical outpatient waiting is not the solution to meeting the 2005 colorectal cancer target.
59  Rapid atrial response
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
POAF (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2014 A novel amiodarone-eluting biological glue for reducing postoperative atrial fibrillation: first animal trial.
60  rapid-adapting mechanoreceptor
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
SAR (1 time)
2013 [Pathophysiology, diagnostics and therapy of chronic cough: neuronal reflexes and antitussiva].
61  rapidly adapting PSR
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
IPC (1 time)
PSR (1 time)
SAR (1 time)
2014 Effects of prolonged lung inflation or deflation on pulmonary stretch receptor discharge in the alligator (Alligator mississippiensis).
62  RAR-alpha, RAR-beta and RAR-gamma
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Retinobenzoic acids and nuclear retinoic acid receptors.
63  RARalpha and RARgamma
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ISF (1 time)
SPI (1 time)
TR (1 time)
2007 Dietary soy protein isolate modifies hepatic retinoic acid receptor-beta proteins and inhibits their DNA binding activity in rats.
64  rarefaction
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
CON (1 time)
ECoG (1 time)
1997 Cochlear microphonics in Meniere's disease.
65  rat insulin receptor
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1984 Antibody against the insulin receptor causes disappearance of insulin receptors in 3T3-L1 cells: a possible explanation of antibody-induced insulin resistance.
66  rat-antirat
(1 time)
Teratology
(1 time)
IEM (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
1995 Ultrastructural alterations caused by immunological reactions after intracardiac injection of allogeneic antibodies against blood group antigens: an experimental study using the in vitro whole-rat embryo culture.
67  ratio of averaged risk
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
LMWH (1 time)
VKA (1 time)
2017 Maternal and Fetal Outcomes of Anticoagulation in Pregnant Women WithMechanical HeartValves.
68  ratio to the peak velocity in the aorta
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PSV (1 time)
1993 Renal duplex scanning: correlation with angiography and isotopic renography.
69  recall to assessment rate
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
ICR (1 time)
2018 Association between Screening Mammography Recall Rate and Interval Cancers in the UK Breast Cancer Service Screening Program: A Cohort Study.
70  recent African replacement
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
2008 Testing for archaic hominin admixture on the X chromosome: model likelihoods for the modern human RRM2P4 region from summaries of genealogical topology under the structured coalescent.
71  recipients adverse reactions
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
LBP (1 time)
2017 [Recipients adverse reactions in the Ibn Sina Hospital of Rabat: State 1999-2013].
72  recognition accuracy rate
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PSO (1 time)
2014 Novel approaches to improve iris recognition system performance based on local quality evaluation and feature fusion.
73  recommended application rates
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
Bt (1 time)
1999 [Effect of pesticides on Bacillus thuringiensis strains under controlled conditions].
74  reconstructed activity ratio
(1 time)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
NEMA (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
2014 Dependence of image quality on acquisition time for the PET/CT Biograph mCT.
75  rectoanal reflex
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
HGN (1 time)
HGNA (1 time)
IAS (1 time)
1994 Role of hypogastric nerve activity in opossum internal anal sphincter function: influence of surgical and chemical denervation.
76  recurrent acute cellular rejection
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AGTR1 (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
2006 Increased expression of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AGTR1) in heart transplant recipients with recurrent rejection.
77  recurrent acute rejection
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
OLT (1 time)
SRL (1 time)
2008 [Use of Sirolimus in five pediatric patients undergoing solid organ transplantation].
78  recurrent acute rhinosinusitis
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2018 [The bacteriologic features of recurrent acute rhinosinusitis].
79  recurrently altered genomic regions
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2006 Recurrent genomic alterations with impact on survival in colorectal cancer identified by genome-wide array comparative genomic hybridization.
80  recurrently altered regions
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CGH (1 time)
2014 1p36.22 region containing PGD gene is frequently gained in human cervical cancer.
81  reduction and augmentation responsiveness
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
EP (1 time)
1982 Evoked potentials (EP) and the individual's reactivity and vulnerability in psychiatric studies.
82  reduction of absolute risk
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
Ci (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2000 [Treatment compliance in arterial hypertension. A 2-year intervention trial through health education].
83  refill authorization request
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
MRLMP (1 time)
PCP (1 time)
2013 Outcomes of a pharmacist-managed medication refill program.
84  Reflective Ability Rubric
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
ABP (1 time)
IDPs (1 time)
LLL (1 time)
2014 Career-long learning: relationship between cognitive and metacognitive skills.
85  related artery reperfusion
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CK-MBactivity (1 time)
CK-MBmass (1 time)
CRAR (1 time)
2007 Effect of serum creatine kinase-MBmass on the early and hierarchical diagnosis of related artery reperfusion in acute myocardial infarction.
86  relative absolute risk
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BPF (1 time)
2015 A routine biomarker-based risk prediction model for metabolic syndrome in urban Han Chinese population.
87  Relative Accident Risk
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CB-MPA (1 time)
2018 Exploring rainfall impacts on the crash risk on Texas roadways: A crash-based matched-pairs analysis approach.
88  relative addition rate
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
RGR (1 time)
2004 Maintaining exponential growth, solution conductivity, and solution pH in low-ionic-strength solution culture using a computer-controlled nutrient delivery system.
89  relative adherence ratio
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CLL (1 time)
HEVs (1 time)
NHL (1 time)
1993 Adhesion to high endothelial venules: a model for dissemination mechanisms in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
90  relative ALP ratio
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
LA (1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2014 [In vitro experimental study on influences of final degradation products of polyactic acid on proliferation and osteoblastic phenotype of osteoblast-like cells].
91  relative amplitude rate
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AIR (1 time)
CMAP (1 time)
MEP (1 time)
2015 Intraoperative monitoring during decompression of the spinal cord and spinal nerves using transcranial motor-evoked potentials: The law of twenty percent.
92  relative angle of reversal
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
KET (1 time)
1990 Correlation of knee extensor muscle torque and spasticity with gait speed in patients with stroke.
93  Relative annual reduction in the detection rate
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2012 Leprosy decline in Amazonas State, Brazil.
94  relative atrial volume ratio
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CMR (1 time)
CP (1 time)
LGE (1 time)
2011 The relative atrial volume ratio and late gadolinium enhancement provide additive information to differentiate constrictive pericarditis from restrictive cardiomyopathy.
95  remaining atrial region
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
PVR (1 time)
2003 Role of the posterior left atrium and pulmonary veins in human lone atrial fibrillation: electrophysiological and pathological data from patients undergoing atrial fibrillation surgery.
96  remnant artefact removal
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PGD (1 time)
2012 An x-ray CT polymer gel dosimetry prototype: I. Remnant artefact removal.
97  renal aldosterone resistance
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
FAldo (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2008 Hypothesis: a simple algorithm to distinguish between hypoaldosteronism and renal aldosterone resistance in patients with persistent hyperkalemia.
98  renal allograft
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
ATN (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CIT (1 time)
1996 Renal allograft rupture: a clinical review.
99  renal and aortic recordings
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
asc. T (1 time)
RI (1 time)
1993 [Value and role of echo-Doppler in the screening of renovascular hypertension. A prospective study of 144 arteries with reference to angiography].
100  renal artery
(1 time)
Vascular Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
dRI (1 time)
2016 Ultrasound diagnostics of renal artery stenosis: Stenosis criteria, CEUS and recurrent in-stent stenosis.