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Abbreviation: RAS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
renin-angiotensin system
(6429 times)
Physiology
(845 times)
ACE (1344 times)
Ang II (1059 times)
ACE2 (423 times)
1978 Some frontiers in comparative studies of the renin-angiotensin system.
renal artery stenosis
(841 times)
Vascular Diseases
(242 times)
PTRA (55 times)
RVH (46 times)
FMD (42 times)
1975 Splanchnic blood flow in essential hypertension and in hypertensive patients with renal artery stenosis.
recurrent aphthous stomatitis
(523 times)
Dentistry
(205 times)
BD (46 times)
OLP (22 times)
CD (16 times)
1975 An immunofluorescence study on the cross-reaction between strep. 2a and human oral mucosa.
recirculating aquaculture system
(196 times)
Environmental Health
(66 times)
TAN (10 times)
MIB (6 times)
FTS (5 times)
2003 The potential use of constructed wetlands in a recirculating aquaculture system for shrimp culture.
rat sarcoma
(122 times)
Neoplasms
(38 times)
MAPK (20 times)
EGFR (16 times)
ERK (16 times)
2003 Increase in peripheral benzodiazepine receptors and loss of glutamate NMDA receptors in a mouse model of closed head injury: a quantitative autoradiographic study.
robot-assisted surgery
(87 times)
General Surgery
(19 times)
OR (5 times)
CAS (4 times)
CI (4 times)
2001 ICAPS an integrative computer-assisted planning system for pedicle screw insertion.
rhythmic auditory stimulation
(83 times)
Neurology
(35 times)
PD (29 times)
CP (5 times)
BBS (3 times)
1996 Rhythmic auditory stimulation in gait training for Parkinson's disease patients.
robotic-assisted surgery
(83 times)
General Surgery
(32 times)
LAS (4 times)
OR (4 times)
OS (3 times)
2011 Robotic assisted surgery in gynecology: current insights and future perspectives.
resistance-associated substitutions
(80 times)
Virology
(24 times)
HCV (46 times)
DAA (26 times)
SVR (17 times)
2016 Short-duration treatment for chronic hepatitis C virus with daclatasvir, asunaprevir, beclabuvir and sofosbuvir (FOURward study).
10  restrictive allograft syndrome
(76 times)
Transplantation
(39 times)
CLAD (61 times)
BOS (60 times)
CT (11 times)
2011 Restrictive allograft syndrome (RAS): a novel form of chronic lung allograft dysfunction.
11  renin-angiotensin
(53 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
NO (9 times)
ACE (7 times)
Ang II (6 times)
1987 Influence of vasoactive substances on early toxic acute renal failure in the dog.
12  reticular activating system
(49 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
PPN (27 times)
NCS-1 (5 times)
REM (5 times)
1981 Metabolic turnover in the reticular activating system in ammonia induced coma.
13  Recovery Assessment Scale
(47 times)
Psychiatry
(28 times)
SMI (3 times)
AIMhi (2 times)
CFA (2 times)
2005 Examining the factor structure of the recovery assessment scale.
14  radial artery spasm
(39 times)
Cardiology
(22 times)
TRA (14 times)
RAO (6 times)
CI (5 times)
2001 Measurement of radial artery spasm using an automatic pullback device.
15  retinoic acid syndrome
(39 times)
Hematology
(15 times)
ATRA (29 times)
APL (26 times)
CR (8 times)
1980 Teratogenic effects of retinoic acid in pigtail monkeys (Macaca nemestrina). II. Craniofacial features.
16  rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
mTOR (5 times)
OS (5 times)
CRC (4 times)
2006 Oncogenic transformation induced by the p110beta, -gamma, and -delta isoforms of class I phosphoinositide 3-kinase.
17  return activated sludge
(36 times)
Environmental Health
(26 times)
EBPR (5 times)
SRT (4 times)
HRT (3 times)
2003 The ScanDeNi process could turn an existing under-performing activated sludge plant into an asset.
18  radiation-attenuated sporozoites
(33 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(10 times)
GAP (4 times)
CHMI (3 times)
CPS (3 times)
2007 Genetically attenuated P36p-deficient Plasmodium berghei sporozoites confer long-lasting and partial cross-species protection.
19  rat sarcoma virus
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
ERK (11 times)
RAF (8 times)
MEK (7 times)
2010 KRAS Testing for Anti-EGFR Therapy in Advanced Colorectal Cancer: An Evidence-Based and Economic Analysis.
20  reflection anisotropy spectroscopy
(30 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
CV (2 times)
RIE (2 times)
a-Si (1 time)
2000 Reflection anisotropy spectroscopy: A new probe for the solid-liquid interface
21  Radix Angelicae Sinensis
(29 times)
Botany
(5 times)
DBT (10 times)
RA (10 times)
EPO (2 times)
1991 [Anti-inflammatory effect of radix Angelicae sinensis].
22  right atrial septum
(19 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
NCC (4 times)
RMS (3 times)
AF (2 times)
1990 [Revision of criteria for locating the accessory pathway by electrocardiogram in Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. A new algorithm].
23  restricted active space
(18 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
CAS (3 times)
CI (2 times)
SO (2 times)
2009 Restricted active space spin-flip configuration interaction approach: theory, implementation and examples.
24  Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses
(18 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
ADM (3 times)
CT (2 times)
GA (2 times)
1987 [Histological differentiation of Rokitansky-Aschoff sinus involvement from stromal invasion of carcinoma of the gallbladder].
25  rabbit aortic strips
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
GTN (9 times)
NO (7 times)
GDN (3 times)
1981 Effects of arachidonic acid hydroperoxides on vascular and non-vascular smooth muscle.
26  rate of ankle swelling
(15 times)
Vascular Diseases
(12 times)
VAR (4 times)
ASLS (2 times)
CVI (2 times)
1989 Skin flow and swelling in post-phlebitic limbs.
27  Relationship Assessment Scale
(15 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
FSFI (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
APT (1 time)
2005 [The multidimensional relationship questionnaire: a study of reliability and validity].
28  radiation-associated sarcoma
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
AS (2 times)
UPS (2 times)
BC (1 time)
1989 Radiation-associated sarcoma: a review of 23 patients with postradiation sarcoma over a 50-year period.
29  Rathus Assertiveness Schedule
(14 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
19-item J-RAS (1 time)
30-item J-RAS (1 time)
AT (1 time)
1976 The relationship of extraversion and neuroticism to two measures of assertive behavior.
30  reptile-associated salmonellosis
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
APEC (1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2013 Risk factors for invasive reptile-associated salmonellosis in children.
31  rosmarinic acid synthase
(12 times)
Botany
(6 times)
PAL (7 times)
RA (7 times)
TAT (3 times)
2011 Cloning and characterisation of rosmarinic acid synthase from Melissa officinalis L.
32  ringed sideroblasts
(11 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
MDS (11 times)
RA (11 times)
RAEB (8 times)
1987 Specific minor chromosome deletions in myelodysplastic syndromes: clinical and morphologic correlations.
33  rat sarcoma viral oncogene
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
AML (2 times)
EGFR (2 times)
RET (2 times)
2007 Oncogenic pathways impinging on the G2-restriction point.
34  refugees and asylum seekers
(10 times)
Emigration and Immigration
(2 times)
PTSD (2 times)
COHS (1 time)
COI (1 time)
2018 Notifiable infectious diseases in refugees and asylum seekers: experience from a major reception center in Munich, Germany.
35  renin-aldosterone system
(9 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
PRA (3 times)
PRC (2 times)
AGC (1 time)
1979 Glucose-induced paradoxical hyperkalemia in patients with suppression of the renin-aldosterone system: prevention by sodium depletion.
36  rat sarcoma gene
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
EGFR (2 times)
NRAS (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2006 Examination of mutations in BRAF, NRAS, and PTEN in primary cutaneous melanoma.
37  root-adhering soil
(8 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
EPS (3 times)
RT (3 times)
DM (2 times)
1998 Colonization of wheat roots by an exopolysaccharide-producing pantoea agglomerans strain and its effect on rhizosphere soil aggregation
38  rasagiline
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
PD (3 times)
SEL (3 times)
BBB (1 time)
2012 Comparison of the cutaneous iontophoretic delivery of rasagiline and selegiline across porcine and human skin in vitro.
39  Ribi adjuvant system
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
FCA (2 times)
CFA (1 time)
DDA (1 time)
1989 The influence of different adjuvants on the immune response to a synthetic peptide comprising amino acid residues 9-21 of herpes simplex virus type 1 glycoprotein D.
40  ring sideroblasts
(7 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
MDS (5 times)
RA (5 times)
RAEB (4 times)
1985 Myelodysplastic syndromes: a study of 101 cases according to the FAB classification.
41  risk assessment score
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
DVT (1 time)
ESCC (1 time)
HCSs (1 time)
1999 Combination of a clinical risk assessment score and rapid whole blood D-dimer testing in the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis in symptomatic patients.
42  robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery
(7 times)
Urologic Diseases
(2 times)
CLS (1 time)
MIS (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2009 Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery in pediatric urology: an update.
43  radiation-attenuated Plasmodium sporozoites
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
CSP (1 time)
GAPs (1 time)
ID (1 time)
2009 Conserved protective mechanisms in radiation and genetically attenuated uis3(-) and uis4(-) Plasmodium sporozoites.
44  rates-across-sites
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
COV (1 time)
ML (1 time)
MP (1 time)
2001 Mathematical elegance with biochemical realism: the covarion model of molecular evolution.
45  Reflex anoxic seizures
(6 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
EDs (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
TLOC (1 time)
2013 Management of reflex anoxic seizures in children.
46  regulatory adaptive status
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CHF (3 times)
FC (2 times)
HD (2 times)
2011 [Alternative therapy with ivabradine in patients with functional class III chronic heart failure].
47  relative aerobic strain
(6 times)
Occupational Medicine
(5 times)
HR (3 times)
AMI (1 time)
EE (1 time)
1977 Age and sex as determinants of the relative aerobic strain of nonmotorized mail delivery.
48  Responsibility Attitude Scale
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
OCD (4 times)
RIQ (3 times)
ASD (1 time)
2004 Cognitive predictors of obsessive-compulsive symptoms in adolescence: a preliminary investigation.
49  Rapid Alternating Stimulus
(5 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
RAN (4 times)
1986 Rapid alternating stimulus naming in the developmental dyslexias.
50  Rapid Assessment Surveys
(5 times)
Biology
(2 times)
CHWs (1 time)
IDUs (1 time)
NNS (1 time)
2008 Mammography use among Haitian women in Miami, Florida: an opportunity for intervention.
51  rapid atrial stimulation
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
PSVT (2 times)
AV (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1976 [Rapid atrial stimulation (RAS) as electrotherapy of supraventricular tachycardias].
52  recirculation aquaponic system
(5 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ACP (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
CG (1 time)
2009 A study on the optimal hydraulic loading rate and plant ratios in recirculation aquaponic system.
53  rectal artesunate
(5 times)
Malaria
(2 times)
DRC (3 times)
ACT (1 time)
aOR (1 time)
2020 An evaluation of rectal artesunate for the pre-hospital management of severe malaria.
54  recurrent aphthous ulceration
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CENTRAL (1 time)
HA (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
1980 Premonitory stages of recurrent aphthous stomatitis. I. Histological and enzyme histochemical investigations.
55  Restless arms syndrome
(5 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
RLS (5 times)
IRLSSG (2 times)
2019 Restless arms syndrome: prevalence, impact, and management strategies.
56  right anterior sectionectomy
(5 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
CH (2 times)
CLT (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
2013 Surgical impact of an inferior right hepatic vein on right anterior sectionectomy and right posterior sectionectomy.
57  right atrial strain
(5 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AF (1 time)
BNP (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1981 Right atrial stretch decreases supraoptic neurosecretory activity and plasma vasopressin.
58  realistic age-structure model
(4 times)
Epidemiology
(3 times)
SEIR (1 time)
1995 Predicting the impact of measles vaccination in England and Wales: model validation and analysis of policy options.
59  receptive anal sex
(4 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
MSM (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
API (1 time)
2002 Attitudes towards highly active antiretroviral therapy are associated with sexual risk taking among HIV-infected and uninfected homosexual men.
60  reintervention, amputation, and stenosis
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
CLI (2 times)
IC (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2014 Safety and effectiveness of endovascular therapy for claudication in octogenarians.
61  relationship satisfaction
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
BISC (1 time)
CEER (1 time)
2016 Sexuality and quality of life in women with a prior diagnosis of breast cancer after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy.
62  renin-Ang system
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
Ang (3 times)
ACE2 (2 times)
AAA (1 time)
2002 Susceptibility to T cell-mediated injury in immune complex disease is linked to local activation of renin-angiotensin system: the role of NF-AT pathway.
63  restrictive atrial septum
(4 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
HLHS (3 times)
IAS (2 times)
BAS (1 time)
2013 Optimization of preoperative status in hypoplastic left heart syndrome with intact atrial septum by left atrial decompression and bilateral pulmonary artery bands.
64  rapid aneuploidy screening
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
CVS (1 time)
DS (1 time)
2009 The selective use of rapid aneuploidy screening in prenatal diagnosis.
65  rat sarcoma-bound guanosine triphosphate
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ANP (3 times)
LANP (2 times)
STAT3 (2 times)
2012 New anticancer agents: hormones made within the heart.
66  reality-adaptive, supportive
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
EIO (3 times)
1984 Effects of psychotherapy in schizophrenia: I. Design and implementation of a controlled study.
67  recently accreted soil
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
floc (2 times)
CP (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
2015 Soil and phosphorus accretion rates in sub-tropical wetlands: Everglades Stormwater Treatment Areas as a case example.
68  refractory anaemia with sideroblasts
(3 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
MDS (3 times)
BM (1 time)
BW (1 time)
1990 Monoclonal antibody ratios in malignant myeloid diseases: diagnostic and prognostic use in myelodysplastic syndromes.
69  relationship
(3 times)
Environmental Exposure
(1 time)
SPANE (1 time)
SWLS (1 time)
2012 Attitudes towards transplantation and medication among 121 heart, lung, liver and kidney recipients and their spouses.
70  relative allele signal
(3 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
PPC (1 time)
QTL (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2005 Genotyping DNA pools on microarrays: tackling the QTL problem of large samples and large numbers of SNPs.
71  renin-angiotensin signaling
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
SARS-CoV-2 (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
ACEIs (1 time)
2020 From SARS-CoV to SARS-CoV2: a potential guide to better understanding of pathophysiology of the disease and potential therapeutic modality.
72  renin-angiotensin system inhibitors
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
2015 Renal outcome after tonsillectomy plus corticosteroid pulse therapy in patients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy: results of a multicenter cohort study.
73  residual area stenosis
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
ISA (3 times)
OCT (3 times)
BVS (2 times)
2011 Angiographic maximal luminal diameter and appropriate deployment of the everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold as assessed by optical coherence tomography: an ABSORB cohort B trial sub-study.
74  residual astigmatism
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
ACD (3 times)
AL (3 times)
IOL (3 times)
2019 Early Postoperative Rotational stability and its related factors of a single-piece acrylic toric intraocular lens.
75  resonant Auger
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
NEXAFS (2 times)
Fr (1 time)
P3HT (1 time)
2018 Ultrafast interface charge transfer dynamics on P3HT/MWCNT nanocomposites probed by resonant Auger spectroscopy.
76  retroauricular skin
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
EACS (1 time)
MECh (1 time)
PgR (1 time)
2005 Expression of female sex hormone receptors in human middle-ear cholesteatomas.
77  retronasal aroma simulator
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
ANN (1 time)
LDA (1 time)
VOO (1 time)
2001 Verification of a mouth simulator by in vivo measurements.
78  right angle light scatter
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
AMs (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
1995 Flow cytometric assay of lung macrophage uptake of environmental particulates.
79  roll-around system
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
LOD (2 times)
ppb (2 times)
ppm (2 times)
2000 Hourly personal exposures to fine particles and gaseous pollutants--results from Baltimore, Maryland.
80  Running Addiction Scale
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
1990 Running addiction: measurement and associated psychological characteristics.
81  Russian Academy of Sciences
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
CAS (1 time)
IIT (1 time)
LE (1 time)
2010 Trends for nanotechnology development in China, Russia, and India.
82  RA simulator
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BAS (2 times)
BBS (2 times)
INF (2 times)
2018 Effects of Processing Conditions During Manufacture on Retronasal-Aroma Compounds from a Milk Coffee Drink.
83  RA strain
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
2DSTE (2 times)
RA (2 times)
RV (2 times)
2017 Right heart function in impaired left ventricular diastolic function: 2D speckle tracking echocardiography-based and Doppler tissue imaging-based analysis of right atrial and ventricular function.
84  Racial Argument Scale
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2004 The persuasiveness of racial arguments as a subtle measure of racism.
85  radical affording substances
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
RQS (1 time)
2005 A study of free radical release from beta-cyclodextrin-anticancer pro-drugs adducts in water.
86  radiological atelectasis score
(2 times)
Education
(1 time)
COT (1 time)
HFNC (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2017 Low Tidal Volume Positive End-Expiratory Pressure versus High Tidal Volume Zero-Positive End-Expiratory Pressure and Postoperative Pulmonary Functions in Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy.
87  Radiosurgery AVM Scale
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
AVMs (2 times)
GKS (1 time)
2014 Radiosurgery for ruptured intracranial arteriovenous malformations.
88  radiotherapy associated sarcoma
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
NPC (1 time)
2015 [The clinical features and prognosis of radiotherapy associated sarcoma (RAS) following radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma].
89  RAND appropriateness scale
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
DI (1 time)
QIs (1 time)
2010 An explicit quality indicator set for measurement of quality of care in patients with cirrhosis.
90  rape and sexual assault
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BAC (1 time)
LE (1 time)
2014 Sexually assaulted victims are getting younger.
91  rapid active sampling
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
AGE (2 times)
NoV (2 times)
PAF (1 time)
2017 Rapid Active Sampling Surveys as a Tool to Evaluate Factors Associated with Acute Gastroenteritis and Norovirus Infection among Children in Rural Guatemala.
92  RAS proto-oncogene GTPase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ERK (2 times)
NF1 (2 times)
RAC1 (2 times)
2020 Genetic disruption of the small GTPase RAC1 prevents plexiform neurofibroma formation in mice with neurofibromatosis type 1
93  Reaction Activity Score
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
GEMs (1 time)
MUR (1 time)
2020 MaREA4Galaxy: Metabolic reaction enrichment analysis and visualization of RNA-seq data within Galaxy.
94  receive antenna selection
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
MRT (2 times)
AirComp (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2018 Secure Transmission for Simultaneous Wireless Information and Power Transfer in AF Untrusted Relay Networks.
95  reflection anisotropy
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
--- 2015 The reflection anisotropy spectroscopy of the Au(1 1 0) surface structures in liquid environments.
96  relative allele strength
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
TS (2 times)
SNPs (1 time)
2010 A highly sensitive, high-throughput assay for the detection of Turner syndrome.
97  relaxation-assisted separation
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
UW (2 times)
EN (1 time)
MAS (1 time)
2016 Relaxation-Assisted Separation of Overlapping Patterns in Ultra-Wideline NMR Spectra.
98  releasable asbestos sampler
(2 times)
ABS (1 time)
ELCR (1 time)
2022 Environmental Assessment of Friable Asbestos from Soil to Air Using the Releasable Asbestos Sampler (RAS).
99  religious attitude scale
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
EDSS (1 time)
MACS (1 time)
McGQ (1 time)
2020 Relationship between the religious attitudes of women with gynecologic cancer and mental adjustment to cancer.
100  remaining attachment surface area
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
LAS (2 times)
1989 Quantification of periodontal attachment at single-rooted teeth.