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Abbreviation: RCTs
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
randomized controlled trials
(25630 times)
Medicine
(7339 times)
CI (5414 times)
RR (3848 times)
CENTRAL (2135 times)
0 The efficacy of antibiotic prophylaxis at placement of dental implants: a Cochrane systematic review of randomised controlled clinical trials.
rotator cuff tears
(128 times)
Orthopedics
(67 times)
MRI (16 times)
ASES (15 times)
CSA (9 times)
1992 The influence of coracoacromial arch anatomy on rotator cuff tears.
root canal treatments
(11 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
AF (1 time)
aHRs (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2013 Predictive models of pain following root canal treatment: a prospective clinical study.
randomized controlled treatment trials
(9 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
HRQL (1 time)
MedDiet (1 time)
OAB (1 time)
2007 Hypertension patients participating in trials differ in many aspects from patients treated in general practices.
renal cell tumors
(9 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ccRCC (2 times)
chRCC (2 times)
HDMs (2 times)
1994 Enzymic pattern of preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions induced in the kidney of CBA mice by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine.
random control trials
(6 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
AERs (1 time)
2013 The efficacy of additional bevacizumab to cytotoxic chemotherapy regimens for the treatment of colorectal cancer: an updated meta-analysis for randomized trials.
randomized clinical controlled trials
(6 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
AIBL (2 times)
AI (1 time)
DSH (1 time)
2001 Concomitant chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cancer of the uterine cervix.
reciprocal chromosome translocations
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
FISH (2 times)
AB (1 time)
CMA3 (1 time)
2004 Genetic counseling in carriers of reciprocal chromosomal translocations involving long arm of chromosome 16.
renal cortical tumours
(5 times)
Urology
(5 times)
ORs (1 time)
PN (1 time)
RCC (1 time)
2005 Re-evaluation of the Tumour-Node-Metastasis staging of locally advanced renal cortical tumours: absolute size (T2) is more significant than renal capsular invasion (T3a).
10  registered clinical trials
(4 times)
Immune System Diseases
(2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
PPD (1 time)
SSc (1 time)
2016 The challenges of treating epilepsy with 25 antiepileptic drugs.
11  reviews were hand searched.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CENTRAL (2 times)
CCTs (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2016 The effect of anti-plaque agents on gingivitis.
12  randomized CTs
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
CCs (1 time)
CCTs (1 time)
COH (1 time)
2013 Nonpharmacological enhancement of cognitive function in Parkinson's disease: a systematic review.
13  randomized prospective clinical trials
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
DOACs (1 time)
2015 Meta-analysis of the effects of preoperative renin-angiotensin system inhibitor therapy on major adverse cardiac events in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
14  Registry Platform.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CENTRAL (3 times)
RR (2 times)
DFS (1 time)
2016 Oral cryotherapy reduced oral mucositis in patients having cancer treatments.
15  respirator carbon tubes
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(3 times)
RH (1 time)
1989 Development of a field method for evaluating the service life of organic vapor cartridges: results of laboratory testing using carbon tetrachloride.
16  Cochrane's risk of bias tool
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CHF (1 time)
EAA (1 time)
NRS (1 time)
2017 Testosterone therapy in hypogonadal men: a systematic review and network meta-analysis.
17  randomised and/or double-blind clinical trials
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2003 The research evidence base for homeopathy: a fresh assessment of the literature.
18  randomised, double-blind, controlled, parallel group clinical trials
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
DMDs (2 times)
DMTs (2 times)
EDSS (2 times)
2012 Teriflunomide for multiple sclerosis.
19  randomised-controlled
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
2019 Which behavioural and exercise interventions targeting fatigue show the most promise in multiple sclerosis? A systematic review with narrative synthesis and meta-analysis.
20  randomized and quasirandomized controlled trials
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
CR (1 time)
DCRs (1 time)
2015 Sports medicine and platelet-rich plasma: nonsurgical therapy.
21  restrictions on language or date of publication.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CCT (1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2016 Fixed or removable function appliances for Class II malocclusions.
22  rotator cuff tendons
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
UTE-Cones-MT (2 times)
CPMG (1 time)
CVs (1 time)
2016 Rotator cuff rehabilitation: current theories and practice.
23  Cochrane Collaboration's tool
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
non-RCTs (1 time)
2018 Use of C-reactive protein to tailor antibiotic use: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
24  controlled clinical trials
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ISQ (1 time)
NOS (1 time)
2018 The influence of local delivery of bisphosphonate on osseointegration of dental implants.
25  discrepancy.Randomized controlled trials
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BPH (1 time)
EF (1 time)
HoLEP (1 time)
2016 The impact of surgical treatments for lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostatic hyperplasia on male erectile function: A systematic review and network meta-analysis.
26  individually-randomised controlled trials
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
ICTRP (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2020 Skin preparation for preventing infection following caesarean section.
27  knowledge-randomized clinical trials
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2013 The necessity for clinical reasoning in the era of evidence-based medicine.
28  radiant coils tubes
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
SiC (1 time)
2017 Atomic-Level Simulation Study of n-Hexane Pyrolysis on Silicon Carbide Surfaces.
29  Random conjugated terpolymers
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
D-A (1 time)
OSCs (1 time)
2020 "Double-Acceptor-Type" Random Conjugated Terpolymer Donors for Additive-Free Non-Fullerene Organic Solar Cells.
30  randomised and carefully controlled trials
(1 time)
Review Literature as Topic
(1 time)
GRADE (1 time)
IWH (1 time)
MSDs (1 time)
2019 Effectiveness of workplace interventions in rehabilitating musculoskeletal disorders and preventing its consequences among workers with physical and sedentary employment: systematic review protocol.
31  randomised controlled trial projects
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
EBM (1 time)
PROM (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2012 Patient-recorded outcomes and quality of life in evidence-based medicine databases on most common ear, throat and nose procedures: a systematic review.
32  randomised, controlled, parallel-group clinical trials
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2015 Dimethyl fumarate for multiple sclerosis.
33  Randomised, double blind, active or placebo controlled trials
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
NNT (1 time)
2014 Carbamazepine for chronic neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia in adults.
34  randomized care trials
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
BAVMs (1 time)
TOBAS (1 time)
2018 The Treatment of Brain AVMs Study (TOBAS): an all-inclusive framework to integrate clinical care and research.
35  randomized comparison trials
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
BTR (1 time)
SRS (1 time)
2011 Radiation therapy for brain metastases in breast cancer patients.
36  Randomized concurrent controlled trials
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CALs (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
IVMP (1 time)
2019 Indirect-comparison meta-analysis of treatment options for patients with refractory Kawasaki disease.
37  randomized control schizophrenia trials
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2007 Schizophrenia trials in China: a survey.
38  randomized controlled antidepressant trials
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
NNT (1 time)
2012 Efficacy of treatment in older depressed patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis of double-blind randomized controlled trials with antidepressants.
39  randomized controlled crossover trails
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GS (1 time)
HWB (1 time)
2019 A Scoping Review Mapping Research on Green Space and Associated Mental Health Benefits.
40  randomized controlled psychotherapy trials
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2020 Treating treatment non-responders: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled psychotherapy trials.
41  randomized controls
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HCTs (1 time)
1982 Randomized versus historical controls for clinical trials.
42  Randomized phase III clinical trials
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
OS (2 times)
AGC (1 time)
DCR (1 time)
2017 A meta-analysis of clinical trials over regimens with or without cetuximab for advanced gastric cancer patients.
43  randomized prospective trials
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2013 Evidence-based prevention and surgical treatment of necrotizing enterocolitis-a review of randomized controlled trials.
44  Randomized therapeutic trials
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
2011 [Bullous pemphigoid: a review].
45  randomized, active-controlled, double-blinded studies
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
ARBs (1 time)
ARI (1 time)
2018 First-line drugs inhibiting the renin angiotensin system versus other first-line antihypertensive drug classes for hypertension.
46  randomized, controlled, and/or double-blind clinical trials
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
NRSs (1 time)
2010 Heroin anticraving medications: a systematic review.
47  randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group or crossover clinical trials
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
24 h PS (1 time)
AMT (1 time)
DLX (1 time)
2009 Meta-analysis of duloxetine vs. pregabalin and gabapentin in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain.
48  randomized, placebo- or comparator-controlled clinical studies
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CBT (1 time)
OCD (1 time)
PTSD (1 time)
2008 World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry (WFSBP) guidelines for the pharmacological treatment of anxiety, obsessive-compulsive and post-traumatic stress disorders - first revision.
49  randomized, placebo-controlled and double-blinded trials
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CTTH (1 time)
TTHs (1 time)
2019 Efficacy of Botulinum Toxin in Tension-Type Headaches: A Systematic Review of the Literature.
50  randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded clinical trials
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
SSRIs (1 time)
TCAs (1 time)
2011 Continuing treatment of depression in the elderly: a systematic review and meta-analysis of double-blinded randomized controlled trials with antidepressants.
51  rare cutaneous tumors
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ACA (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
MIS (1 time)
2020 Mohs Surgery for SEER Registry-Captured Melanoma In Situ and Rare Cutaneous Tumors: Comparing National Utilization Patterns Before and After Implementation of the Affordable Care Act (2010) and Appropriate Use Criteria (2012).
52  rating scale
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AMSTAR (1 time)
2019 Osteoarthritis year in review 2018: rehabilitation and outcomes.
53  reactive chemical toxicants
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
THAPS (1 time)
TUN (1 time)
2006 Calpain-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress and cell death following cytotoxic damage to renal cells.
54  rectal carcinoid tumors
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Small, polypoid-appearing carcinoid tumors of the rectum: clinicopathologic study of 16 cases and effectiveness of endoscopic treatment.
55  reference lists.Study selectionRandomised clinical trials
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Are fibre posts associated with the occurrence of prosthetic complications?
56  references lists of included studies.Study selectionRandomised controlled clinical trials
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
pCCTs (1 time)
2018 En masse versus two-step retraction of the anterior segment.
57  Register, Medline, Embase and PsycINFO.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CCTs (1 time)
2017 Psychological approaches to behaviour for improving plaque control.
58  Register.Study selectionRandomised clinical trials
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
IADR (1 time)
SIGLE (1 time)
2016 Enamel bevelling and retention of composite restorations in non-carious cervical lesions.
59  registered care technologists
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 1989 RCTs: not the answer to the nursing shortage.
60  relevant papers.Study selectionRandomised controlled studies
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CASP (1 time)
SB (1 time)
2018 Bruxism- is botulinum toxin an effective treatment?
61  reports is mandatory for a comprehensive assessment of randomised
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CCTs (1 time)
2007 [Hand searching for controlled clinical trials in German surgical journals. A contribution to evidence-based surgery].
62  represent the best available level of evidence
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 2017 In response to the letter by Cabadas and Alvarez-Escudero about the editorial: "Will societies of anesthesiologists partake in the take-off of non-anesthesiologist administration of propofol?"
63  requires large multi-centre placebo-controlled trials
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2016 Non-surgical interventions for late rectal problems (proctopathy) of radiotherapy in people who have received radiotherapy to the pelvis.
64  research using more precise methods
(1 time)
--- 2017 Effectiveness of Non-Pharmacological Interventions on Stereotyped and Repetitive Behaviors of Pre-school Children With Autism: A Systematic Review.
65  research, causality is demonstrated b controlled trials
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2020 Methods for Evaluating Causality in Observational Studies.
66  residual cancer tissues
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
lncRNAs (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
RTs (1 time)
2018 Identification of lncRNAs via microarray analysis for predicting HER2-negative breast cancer response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
67  respect to said outcomes based on contemporary randomized trials
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
AF (1 time)
DT (1 time)
2019 Trial Sequential Analysis Comparing Bleeding and Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation and Acute Coronary Syndrome on Dual versus Triple Therapy.
68  respiratory compensation thresholds
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
EQ (1 time)
NEG (1 time)
TT (1 time)
2013 Relationship between the talk test and ventilatory thresholds in well-trained cyclists.
69  restrict to specific high-risk/low-risk subgroups represented in randomized trails
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
PACE (1 time)
2007 Increasing levels of restriction in pharmacoepidemiologic database studies of elderly and comparison with randomized trial results.
70  restrictions on dates or language.Study selectionRandomised controlled clinical trials
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
MA (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2018 HEMA-free or HEMA-containing adhesive systems for non-carious cervical lesions.
71  Results of controlled clinical trials
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
SCORAD (1 time)
2018 Effect of synbiotic supplementation on children with atopic dermatitis: an observational prospective study.
72  results of placebo-controlled trials
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2013 Results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled pharmacotherapy trial in alcoholism conducted in Germany and comparison with the US COMBINE study.
73  review of clinical trials
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MoM (1 time)
THA (1 time)
2013 Metal ion concentrations in body fluids after implantation of hip replacements with metal-on-metal bearing--systematic review of clinical and epidemiological studies.
74  reviewEligibility criteriaRandomised controlled trials
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
PROSPERO (1 time)
2020 How to manage travel fatigue and jet lag in athletes? A systematic review of interventions.
75  reviewers independently selected studies, and randomised, quasi-randomised
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CCTs (1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
2014 Hawley or vacuum-formed retainers following orthodontic treatment?
76  reviewers using the Jadad score
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CRRT (1 time)
CVVHF (1 time)
2008 Renal replacement therapy in patients with acute renal failure: a systematic review.
77  reviewing treatment dosage had high levels of evidence
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
GMFM (1 time)
NDT (1 time)
2010 A systematic review of common physiotherapy interventions in school-aged children with cerebral palsy.
78  reviews were manually searched.Study selectionRandomised
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
GRADE (1 time)
MD (1 time)
non-RCTs (1 time)
2016 Evidence regarding lingual fixed orthodontic appliances' therapeutic and adverse effects is insufficient.
79  Reviews, Embase, Medline and the ClinicalTrials.gov databases.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CCTs (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2017 Early treatment of class III malocclusion with facemask.
80  revised.Results: The authors included eight studies
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NIBS (1 time)
2020 Noninvasive brain stimulation combined with exercise in chronic pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
81  Rhabdoid colon tumors
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2012 Rhabdoid carcinoma of the colon: a distinct entity with a very aggressive behavior: a case report associated with a polyposis coli and review of the literature.
82  ring compression tests
(1 time)
FE (1 time)
2016 Determination of Actual Friction Factors in Metal Forming under Heavy Loaded Regimes Combining Experimental and Numerical Analysis.
83  Risk-of-Bias Cochrane tool
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
FE (1 time)
HC (1 time)
RE (1 time)
2020 Endogenous Melatonin Levels and Therapeutic Use of Exogenous Melatonin in Migraine: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
84  room visits, and unscheduled visits to healthcare provider.Randomised controlled trials
(1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
2012 Effectiveness of structured discharge process in reducing hospital readmission of adult patients with community acquired pneumonia: A systematic review.
85  routine coagulation tests
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1992 Thromboelastogram fails to predict postoperative hemorrhage in cardiac patients.
86  thrombosis.Randomized controlled trials
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ADL (1 time)
2019 [Efficacy and safety of Shenxiong Glucose Injection in treatment of cerebral thrombosis:systematic review and Meta-analysis].