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Abbreviation: RD
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Long forms: 750

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
risk difference
(888 times)
Medicine
(440 times)
CI (427 times)
RR (396 times)
RCTs (160 times)
1982 Causal and preventive interdependence. Elementary principles.
retinal detachment
(785 times)
Ophthalmology
(642 times)
PVR (114 times)
PPV (82 times)
VA (63 times)
1978 Retinal detachment in the second eye.
radial diffusivity
(504 times)
Neurology
(131 times)
FA (452 times)
DTI (322 times)
AD (314 times)
2007 Diffusion properties of NAA in human corpus callosum as studied with diffusion tensor spectroscopy.
recommended dose
(265 times)
Neoplasms
(200 times)
MTD (141 times)
DLT (98 times)
DLTs (41 times)
1999 Therapeutic effects of some antihaematozoal drugs against Haemoproteus columbae in domestic pigeons.
reading disability
(227 times)
Psychology
(110 times)
ADHD (61 times)
LI (12 times)
TD (8 times)
1988 Separate brain potential characteristics in children with reading disability and attention deficit disorder: color and letter relevance effects.
rhabdomyosarcoma
(163 times)
Virology
(56 times)
EV71 (44 times)
HFMD (29 times)
CPE (18 times)
1976 Limitation of multinucleation by dibutyryl adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate in tumor cells treated with cytochalasin B.
reward dependence
(129 times)
Psychiatry
(59 times)
HA (96 times)
NS (88 times)
TCI (41 times)
1991 Further contribution to the conceptual validity of the unified biosocial model of personality: US and Yugoslav data.
residual disease
(120 times)
Neoplasms
(75 times)
OS (21 times)
pCR (14 times)
HR (12 times)
1989 Treatment of aggressive multiple myeloma by high-dose chemotherapy and total body irradiation followed by blood stem cells autologous graft.
renal dysfunction
(103 times)
Cardiology
(42 times)
eGFR (20 times)
HF (19 times)
GFR (16 times)
1979 Acute renal failure following cardiac surgery.
10  regular diet
(97 times)
Endocrinology
(11 times)
HFD (45 times)
HSD (6 times)
SOD (6 times)
1976 Altered thyroidal responsivity to thyrotropin induced by circulating thyroid hormones. A "short-loop" regulatory mechanism?
11  respiratory distress
(89 times)
Pediatrics
(22 times)
CVD (8 times)
CM (5 times)
COPD (5 times)
1977 Respiratory diseases in calves. An economic analysis.
12  rheumatic diseases
(81 times)
Rheumatology
(24 times)
RA (11 times)
SLE (10 times)
CRP (4 times)
1975 Aspects of the psychology and epidemiology of rheumatoid disease.
13  recession depth
(70 times)
Dentistry
(51 times)
CAL (54 times)
PD (54 times)
RW (36 times)
1995 Effects of tetracycline HCl conditioning and fibrin-fibronectin system application in the treatment of buccal gingival recession with guided tissue regeneration.
14  reaction-diffusion
(67 times)
Biology
(16 times)
RA (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
1985 Spatial patterns produced by a reaction-diffusion system in primary hair follicles.
15  region of difference
(63 times)
Microbiology
(19 times)
TB (24 times)
BCG (11 times)
PCR (9 times)
2002 Bacterial artificial chromosome-based comparative genomic analysis identifies Mycobacterium microti as a natural ESAT-6 deletion mutant.
16  radial
(60 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
FA (55 times)
DTI (35 times)
WM (20 times)
2001 Distribution of median, ulnar and radial motoneurons in the monkey spinal cord: a retrograde triple-labeling study.
17  rare diseases
(57 times)
Medicine
(16 times)
MS (3 times)
EU (2 times)
FAIR (2 times)
2004 [Rare diseases: a new chapter in medicine].
18  registered dietitian
(57 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(34 times)
PHC (3 times)
FTE (2 times)
ICC (2 times)
1984 The nutrition care profile: an aid to delivery of quality nutrition care in a small community hospital.
19  regulatory domain
(57 times)
Molecular Biology
(17 times)
CFTR (8 times)
CaM (5 times)
CARDs (5 times)
1994 Protein kinase C isozymes in progressively transformed rat embryo fibroblasts.
20  reading disorder
(53 times)
Psychology
(20 times)
ADHD (18 times)
MD (5 times)
LI (4 times)
1997 Auditory event-related potentials in the study of developmental language-related disorders.
21  restrictive dermopathy
(42 times)
Genetics, Medical
(10 times)
HGPS (16 times)
FTI (3 times)
MAD (3 times)
1997 Restrictive dermopathy: report and review.
22  renal denervation
(35 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
BP (13 times)
HF (3 times)
LV (3 times)
1988 Renal nerves in exaggerated water and sodium excretion by hypertrophied kidney of anesthetized rats.
23  relative dispersion
(33 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
CPMG (3 times)
LV (3 times)
CEST (2 times)
1990 How countercurrent blood flow and uneven perfusion affect the motion of inert gas.
24  reading difficulties
(32 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
ADHD (7 times)
NI (3 times)
TD (3 times)
2000 The IQs of children with ADHD are normally distributed.
25  replication-dependent
(29 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
RI (3 times)
COPD (2 times)
EB (2 times)
1961 Advances in the study of respiration-deficient (RD) mutation in yeast and other microorganisms.
26  raphe dorsalis
(27 times)
Brain
(10 times)
LC (4 times)
OB (3 times)
RM (3 times)
1979 Behavioural reactions and changes in the spontaneous and evoked EEG-activity upon microinjection of noradrenaline and isoprenaline in cat nucleus raphe dorsalis.
27  rectal distension
(25 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
EA (5 times)
LPS (3 times)
GI (2 times)
1994 Influence of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists in visceromotor and nociceptive responses to rectal distension before and during experimental colitis in rats.
28  reduced dose
(25 times)
Radiology
(8 times)
SD (12 times)
FD (7 times)
CT (4 times)
1988 Chemotherapy-related toxicity in infants treated according to the Second National Wilms' Tumor Study.
29  respiratory depression
(25 times)
Emergency Medicine
(6 times)
ED (4 times)
CI (3 times)
PONV (3 times)
1987 Sensory irritation of methylisocyanate vapor.
30  reading disabled
(24 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
ADD (4 times)
NA (2 times)
ND (2 times)
1980 Genetic models of reading disability.
31  regression discontinuity
(23 times)
Health Services Research
(7 times)
RCTs (3 times)
RCT (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2006 Evaluating disease management programme effectiveness: an introduction to the regression discontinuity design.
32  related donor
(23 times)
Hematology
(12 times)
URD (12 times)
GVHD (5 times)
HSCT (5 times)
1987 Therapeutic use of OKT3 monoclonal antibody for acute renal allograft rejection.
33  retinal dystrophies
(23 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
NGS (5 times)
RP (5 times)
WES (3 times)
1985 Outline for a comprehensive classification of retinal dystrophy and its consequences.
34  relative difference
(22 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
AB (1 time)
ABI (1 time)
1992 Time related bias in longitudinal studies using dual photon absorptiometry.
35  rhabdomyosarcoma cells
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
EV71 (2 times)
MMP-2 (2 times)
MTT (2 times)
1973 A type-C virus in human rhabdomyosarcoma cells after inoculation into NIH Swiss mice treated with antithymocyte serum.
36  redistribution
(21 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(14 times)
PD (5 times)
RI (3 times)
CABG (2 times)
1984 Assessment of viable myocardium within infarct zone by exercise thallium-201 scintigraphy.
37  Raynaud's disease
(20 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
PSS (4 times)
RP (4 times)
SS (4 times)
1982 Acid lysosomal hydrolases in systemic sclerosis and other connective tissue diseases.
38  reference diameter
(19 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
MLD (9 times)
QCA (5 times)
DS (4 times)
1993 Can the same edge-detection algorithm be applied to on-line and off-line analysis systems? Validation of a new cinefilm-based geometric coronary measurement software.
39  repressor domain
(18 times)
Science
(5 times)
CARDs (4 times)
ds (2 times)
RIG-I (2 times)
2001 Sharp, an inducible cofactor that integrates nuclear receptor repression and activation.
40  Reiter's disease
(16 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
AS (4 times)
RA (3 times)
PA (2 times)
1976 HL-A antigens in clinical medicine.
41  response duration
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
OS (7 times)
PFS (4 times)
CR (3 times)
2000 Phase III comparative study of vinorelbine combined with doxorubicin versus doxorubicin alone in disseminated metastatic/recurrent breast cancer: National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group Study MA8.
42  retinal determination
(16 times)
Biology
(12 times)
EYA (5 times)
Dac (4 times)
ato (3 times)
2003 Functional dissection of eyes absent reveals new modes of regulation within the retinal determination gene network.
43  road dust
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
HI (3 times)
ILCR (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
2008 Oxidative stress, inflammation, and pulmonary function assessment in rats exposed to laboratory-generated pollutant mixtures.
44  Runt domain
(16 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
AP-1 (3 times)
Arm (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
1998 Site-directed mutagenesis supports a three-dimensional model of the runt domain.
45  receiver domain
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
HK (3 times)
ED (2 times)
RR (2 times)
1992 [Phosphatidylinositides as biochemical modulators of the process of receptor domain formation].
46  recurrent disease
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
DFS (2 times)
OS (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1992 Morbidity and mortality after pelvic exenteration for colorectal adenocarcinoma.
47  IgG4-related disease
(13 times)
Internal Medicine
(3 times)
IgG4 (2 times)
AERD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2013 Immunoglobulin G4-related lung disease accompanied by organizing pneumonia.
48  radiation dose
(13 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
FT (3 times)
CT (2 times)
FBP (2 times)
2000 Dose-response relationships on the expression profile of cytokeratins and vimentin in rat submandibular glands following fractionated irradiation.
49  Renal dysplasia
(13 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
COX-2 (2 times)
AGTR2 (1 time)
BMP-7 (1 time)
1978 Hereditary retinal dysplasia (RD) in a family of Yorkshire terriers.
50  replication-defective
(13 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
Ad (4 times)
RC (4 times)
ND (2 times)
1975 RNA of replication-defective strains of Rous sarcoma virus.
51  radiation dermatitis
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
IMRT (2 times)
RT (2 times)
ASTRO (1 time)
2013 Post mastectomy linac IMRT irradiation of chest wall and regional nodes: dosimetry data and acute toxicities.
52  reference diet
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
IDE (3 times)
TD (3 times)
MC (2 times)
2001 A method to improve the dose distribution of interstitial breast implants using geometrically optimized stepping source techniques and dose normalization.
53  Refsum disease
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PA (3 times)
PAHX (2 times)
PhyH (2 times)
1986 Partial deficiency of dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferase activity in both classical and infantile Refsum's diseases.
54  resistant disease
(12 times)
Hematology
(5 times)
CR (12 times)
AML (8 times)
OS (3 times)
1987 Day 4 bone marrow aspirate for prediction of resistance to induction chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia.
55  reduced dimensionality
(11 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
FD (2 times)
ESI-MS (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2002 Novel projected 4D triple resonance experiments for polypeptide backbone chemical shift assignment.
56  restricted diet
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
AL (2 times)
ACEIs (1 time)
ALD (1 time)
1994 [Effect of food consumption restriction in adult rats on the growth and tissue composition of their suckling offspring].
57  rolandic discharges
(11 times)
Brain
(8 times)
EEG (3 times)
BCECT (2 times)
BECCT (2 times)
1992 Relationship between benign epilepsy of children with centro-temporal EEG foci and febrile convulsions.
58  recommended phase II dose
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
MTD (8 times)
DLT (5 times)
DLTs (2 times)
2000 Phase I dose-finding study of a new taxane, RPR 109881A, administered as a one-hour intravenous infusion days 1 and 8 to patients with advanced solid tumors.
59  reductive dechlorination
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
VC (4 times)
cis-DCE (3 times)
CARD-FISH (2 times)
2003 Kinetic and phylogenetic characterization of an anaerobic dechlorinating microbial community.
60  rhododendrol
(10 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
RK (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
EDTA (1 time)
2015 Tyrosinase-catalyzed metabolism of rhododendrol (RD) in B16 melanoma cells: production of RD-pheomelanin and covalent binding with thiol proteins.
61  rubber dam
(10 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
CR (1 time)
DeltaT (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2005 Pit and fissure sealants: results at five and ten years.
62  radial diffusion
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
DTI (7 times)
FA (6 times)
AD (5 times)
2011 Reduced white matter integrity is related to cognitive instability.
63  relative density
(9 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
AQP4 (1 time)
DWI (1 time)
1995 Effects of gas density and ambient pressure on myocardial contractility in the rat.
64  relative deprivation
(9 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
RS (2 times)
CFD (1 time)
ITS (1 time)
1987 Relative deprivation theory and responses to discrimination in a gay male and lesbian sample.
65  respirable dust
(9 times)
Occupational Medicine
(4 times)
GM (2 times)
NIOSH (2 times)
OEL (2 times)
2013 State of toner exposure of workers who handle toners.
66  Responsibility Deal
(9 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
PA (1 time)
TFAs (1 time)
2013 The Public Health Responsibility Deal: how should such a complex public health policy be evaluated?
67  reticular dysgenesis
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
SCID (4 times)
iPSCs (2 times)
AK2 (1 time)
1990 [Reticular dysgenesis: primary disorder in differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells?].
68  reversible defect
(9 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
LV (2 times)
SMI (2 times)
ECG (1 time)
1993 Reverse redistribution in resting thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy in patients with coronary artery disease: relation to coronary anatomy and ventricular function.
69  random deposition
(8 times)
Physics
(8 times)
KPZ (2 times)
BBD (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2004 Initial-stage growth phenomena and distribution of local configurations of the restricted solid-on-solid model.
70  random-dot
(8 times)
Optometry
(3 times)
BOLD (1 time)
fNIRS (1 time)
HD (1 time)
1985 Effect of stimulus parameters on fusional and stereoscopic performance.
71  read depth
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
CNVs (4 times)
CNV (3 times)
NGS (2 times)
2011 CNVnator: an approach to discover, genotype, and characterize typical and atypical CNVs from family and population genome sequencing.
72  rebound depolarization
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DCN (2 times)
HCN (2 times)
IPSPs (2 times)
1997 Sustained outward rectification of oxytocinergic neurones in the rat supraoptic nucleus: ionic dependence and pharmacology.
73  root diameter
(8 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
RL (5 times)
LRN (2 times)
PH (2 times)
1996 Cancellous bone screw thread design and holding power.
74  ratio difference spectrophotometric method
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
MCR (3 times)
CC (2 times)
DW (2 times)
2014 Spectrophotometric methods manipulating ratio spectra for simultaneous determination of binary mixtures with sever overlapping spectra: a comparative study.
75  relative distance
(7 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ATPS (1 time)
FF (1 time)
GPS (1 time)
1998 On the kinetics of phase separation in aqueous two-phase systems.
76  remitted depressed
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ND (3 times)
HC (2 times)
MDD (2 times)
2007 Amygdala reactivity and mood-congruent memory in individuals at risk for depressive relapse.
77  repeat domain
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AD (1 time)
FN (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
2003 Regulation of alternative splicing of Gtf2ird1 and its impact on slow muscle promoter activity.
78  responsive disease
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
PD (5 times)
GIST (2 times)
GP (2 times)
1988 Comparison of CA15-3 and carcinoembryonic antigen in monitoring the clinical course of patients with metastatic breast cancer.
79  rheumatic disorders
(7 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
4-ISFMP (1 time)
AS (1 time)
CSTAR (1 time)
1983 Sebaceous glands in the buccal mucosa in patients with rheumatic disorders.
80  radial distances
(6 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
JD (4 times)
BCR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2011 Quantification of extraprostatic extension in prostate cancer: different parameters correlated to biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy.
81  radicicol
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GA (5 times)
Hsp90 (4 times)
biotin-GM (1 time)
2004 A time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer-based HTS assay and a surface plasmon resonance-based binding assay for heat shock protein 90 inhibitors.
82  radiographic density
(6 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CBCT (3 times)
AB (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
2004 Incidence, pathology and prevention of keel bone deformities in the laying hen.
83  range-Doppler
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
ISAR (4 times)
RID (3 times)
SAR (2 times)
2001 High-resolution ISAR imaging of maneuvering targets by means of the range instantaneous Doppler technique: modeling and performance analysis.
84  receptor-dependent
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PLS (2 times)
QSAR (2 times)
RI (2 times)
2006 Structure-based QSAR analysis of a set of 4-hydroxy-5,6-dihydropyrones as inhibitors of HIV-1 protease: an application of the receptor-dependent (RD) 4D-QSAR formalism.
85  regimen distress
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
EB (4 times)
DD (2 times)
DDS (2 times)
2008 Diabetes distress and its association with clinical outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with pramlintide as an adjunct to insulin therapy.
86  regular dose
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
HD (3 times)
AR (1 time)
DD (1 time)
1993 Acutely psychotic patients receiving high-dose haloperidol therapy.
87  revolving door
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ADRs (2 times)
TFs (2 times)
BD (1 time)
1995 Predicting revolving-door patients in a 9-year national sample.
88  rhombic dodecahedron
(6 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
4-ATP (1 time)
4-NPh (1 time)
AA (1 time)
2009 Selective synthesis of single-crystalline rhombic dodecahedral, octahedral, and cubic gold nanocrystals.
89  ropivacaine + dexmedetomidine
(6 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
RC (4 times)
ASA (2 times)
LA (1 time)
2011 Dexmedetomidine and clonidine in epidural anaesthesia: A comparative evaluation.
90  Rosai-Dorfman
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
SHML (2 times)
BMT (1 time)
CD1a (1 time)
1994 Cathepsin D and E co-expression in sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy (Rosai-Dorfman disease) and Langerhans' cell histiocytosis: further evidences of a phenotypic overlap between these histiocytic disorders.
91  diabetic retinopathy
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
AMD (1 time)
1983 [Early detection of diabetic nephropathy: serum beta 2-microglobulin].
92  dorsal raphe nucleus
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
DA (2 times)
LC (2 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
1985 Simultaneous recording of dorsal raphe unit activity and serotonin release in the striatum using voltammetry in awake, behaving cats.
93  radiodermatitis
(5 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
RT (3 times)
OM (2 times)
PBMT (2 times)
2013 Topical agent therapy for prevention and treatment of radiodermatitis: a meta-analysis.
94  radiological density
(5 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CSA (5 times)
CT (3 times)
AST (1 time)
1991 Effects of lower limb unloading on skeletal muscle mass and function in humans.
95  radiology department
(5 times)
Specialties, Nursing
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
MET (2 times)
IR (1 time)
1988 Physician assessments of practice patterns in emergency department radiograph interpretation.
96  rapid decompression
(5 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(4 times)
HBO (2 times)
ABO (1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
1990 Rapid decompression to 50,000 feet: effect on heart rate response.
97  recognition discriminability
(5 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CVLT-C (2 times)
AD (1 time)
BVMT-R (1 time)
2002 Identifying retrieval problems using the California Verbal Learning Test.
98  reflectance-difference
(5 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
RC (1 time)
2001 Optical anisotropy of oxidized Si(001) surfaces and its oscillation in the layer-by-layer oxidation process.
99  reflex decrease
(5 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
PS (5 times)
SP (4 times)
TP (4 times)
2002 [Phytoestrogen genistein inhibits carotid sinus baroreflex in anesthetized male rats].
100  REM sleep deprivation
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
REM (3 times)
AM-K (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1992 Cardiopulmonary regulation after rapid-eye-movement sleep deprivation.