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Abbreviation: RD
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Long forms: 798

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
risk difference
(1024 times)
Medicine
(476 times)
CI (489 times)
RR (437 times)
RCTs (182 times)
1982 Causal and preventive interdependence. Elementary principles.
retinal detachment
(866 times)
Ophthalmology
(676 times)
PVR (125 times)
PPV (94 times)
VA (72 times)
1978 Retinal detachment in the second eye.
radial diffusivity
(609 times)
Neurology
(159 times)
FA (550 times)
AD (387 times)
DTI (379 times)
2007 Diffusion properties of NAA in human corpus callosum as studied with diffusion tensor spectroscopy.
recommended dose
(279 times)
Neoplasms
(208 times)
MTD (148 times)
DLT (100 times)
DLTs (42 times)
1999 Therapeutic effects of some antihaematozoal drugs against Haemoproteus columbae in domestic pigeons.
reading disability
(229 times)
Psychology
(110 times)
ADHD (62 times)
LI (12 times)
RAN (8 times)
1988 Separate brain potential characteristics in children with reading disability and attention deficit disorder: color and letter relevance effects.
retinal degeneration
(176 times)
Ophthalmology
(53 times)
ERG (17 times)
RPE (13 times)
MNU (11 times)
1973 Contributions of the genes albinism (c) and retinal degeneration (rd) to a strain-by-training procedure interaction in avoidance learning.
rhabdomyosarcoma
(175 times)
Virology
(60 times)
EV71 (50 times)
HFMD (31 times)
CPE (18 times)
1976 Limitation of multinucleation by dibutyryl adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate in tumor cells treated with cytochalasin B.
residual disease
(136 times)
Neoplasms
(86 times)
OS (24 times)
pCR (21 times)
HR (14 times)
1989 Treatment of aggressive multiple myeloma by high-dose chemotherapy and total body irradiation followed by blood stem cells autologous graft.
reward dependence
(133 times)
Psychiatry
(61 times)
HA (100 times)
NS (90 times)
TCI (43 times)
1991 Further contribution to the conceptual validity of the unified biosocial model of personality: US and Yugoslav data.
10  renal dysfunction
(119 times)
Cardiology
(45 times)
eGFR (27 times)
HF (21 times)
GFR (19 times)
1979 Acute renal failure following cardiac surgery.
11  regular diet
(106 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
HFD (52 times)
HSD (6 times)
SOD (6 times)
1976 Altered thyroidal responsivity to thyrotropin induced by circulating thyroid hormones. A "short-loop" regulatory mechanism?
12  respiratory distress
(96 times)
Pediatrics
(23 times)
CVD (10 times)
COPD (6 times)
CM (5 times)
1977 Respiratory diseases in calves. An economic analysis.
13  rheumatic diseases
(92 times)
Rheumatology
(26 times)
RA (12 times)
SLE (11 times)
CRP (4 times)
1975 Aspects of the psychology and epidemiology of rheumatoid disease.
14  recession depth
(77 times)
Dentistry
(56 times)
CAL (58 times)
PD (58 times)
RW (38 times)
1995 Effects of tetracycline HCl conditioning and fibrin-fibronectin system application in the treatment of buccal gingival recession with guided tissue regeneration.
15  reaction-diffusion
(72 times)
Biology
(17 times)
RA (2 times)
AB (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1985 Spatial patterns produced by a reaction-diffusion system in primary hair follicles.
16  radial
(69 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
FA (64 times)
DTI (40 times)
WM (23 times)
2001 Distribution of median, ulnar and radial motoneurons in the monkey spinal cord: a retrograde triple-labeling study.
17  region of difference
(68 times)
Microbiology
(19 times)
TB (27 times)
PCR (12 times)
BCG (11 times)
2002 Bacterial artificial chromosome-based comparative genomic analysis identifies Mycobacterium microti as a natural ESAT-6 deletion mutant.
18  rare diseases
(65 times)
Medicine
(20 times)
MS (3 times)
BC (2 times)
EU (2 times)
2004 [Rare diseases: a new chapter in medicine].
19  registered dietitian
(64 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(36 times)
MNT (3 times)
PHC (3 times)
FTE (2 times)
1984 The nutrition care profile: an aid to delivery of quality nutrition care in a small community hospital.
20  regulatory domain
(61 times)
Molecular Biology
(18 times)
CFTR (8 times)
CaM (6 times)
CARDs (6 times)
1994 Protein kinase C isozymes in progressively transformed rat embryo fibroblasts.
21  reading disorder
(60 times)
Psychology
(21 times)
ADHD (19 times)
LI (5 times)
MD (5 times)
1997 Auditory event-related potentials in the study of developmental language-related disorders.
22  restrictive dermopathy
(42 times)
Genetics, Medical
(10 times)
HGPS (16 times)
FTI (3 times)
MAD (3 times)
1997 Restrictive dermopathy: report and review.
23  renal denervation
(40 times)
Vascular Diseases
(13 times)
BP (16 times)
RAS (4 times)
HF (3 times)
1988 Renal nerves in exaggerated water and sodium excretion by hypertrophied kidney of anesthetized rats.
24  reading difficulties
(39 times)
Psychology
(14 times)
ADHD (8 times)
MD (4 times)
NI (3 times)
2000 The IQs of children with ADHD are normally distributed.
25  relative dispersion
(34 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
CPMG (3 times)
LV (3 times)
CEST (2 times)
1990 How countercurrent blood flow and uneven perfusion affect the motion of inert gas.
26  replication-dependent
(30 times)
Molecular Biology
(10 times)
RI (3 times)
COPD (2 times)
EB (2 times)
1961 Advances in the study of respiration-deficient (RD) mutation in yeast and other microorganisms.
27  reduced dose
(28 times)
Radiology
(10 times)
SD (13 times)
FD (7 times)
FBP (5 times)
1988 Chemotherapy-related toxicity in infants treated according to the Second National Wilms' Tumor Study.
28  raphe dorsalis
(27 times)
Brain
(10 times)
LC (4 times)
OB (3 times)
RM (3 times)
1979 Behavioural reactions and changes in the spontaneous and evoked EEG-activity upon microinjection of noradrenaline and isoprenaline in cat nucleus raphe dorsalis.
29  regression discontinuity
(27 times)
Health Services Research
(7 times)
RCTs (3 times)
CI (2 times)
RCT (2 times)
2006 Evaluating disease management programme effectiveness: an introduction to the regression discontinuity design.
30  respiratory depression
(27 times)
Emergency Medicine
(6 times)
CI (4 times)
ED (4 times)
PONV (3 times)
1987 Sensory irritation of methylisocyanate vapor.
31  rectal distension
(26 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
EA (5 times)
LPS (3 times)
GI (2 times)
1994 Influence of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists in visceromotor and nociceptive responses to rectal distension before and during experimental colitis in rats.
32  relative difference
(26 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
CI (3 times)
AC (2 times)
CV (2 times)
1992 Time related bias in longitudinal studies using dual photon absorptiometry.
33  retinal dystrophies
(25 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
NGS (5 times)
RP (5 times)
WES (3 times)
1985 Outline for a comprehensive classification of retinal dystrophy and its consequences.
34  reading disabled
(24 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
ADD (4 times)
NA (2 times)
ND (2 times)
1980 Genetic models of reading disability.
35  related donor
(24 times)
Hematology
(12 times)
URD (12 times)
GVHD (5 times)
HSCT (5 times)
1987 Therapeutic use of OKT3 monoclonal antibody for acute renal allograft rejection.
36  rhabdomyosarcoma cells
(23 times)
Virology
(5 times)
EV71 (2 times)
MMP-2 (2 times)
MTT (2 times)
1973 A type-C virus in human rhabdomyosarcoma cells after inoculation into NIH Swiss mice treated with antithymocyte serum.
37  road dust
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(23 times)
ILCR (4 times)
HI (3 times)
PAHs (3 times)
2008 Oxidative stress, inflammation, and pulmonary function assessment in rats exposed to laboratory-generated pollutant mixtures.
38  redistribution
(21 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(14 times)
PD (5 times)
RI (3 times)
CABG (2 times)
1984 Assessment of viable myocardium within infarct zone by exercise thallium-201 scintigraphy.
39  Raynaud's disease
(20 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
PSS (4 times)
RP (4 times)
SS (4 times)
1982 Acid lysosomal hydrolases in systemic sclerosis and other connective tissue diseases.
40  reference diameter
(19 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
MLD (9 times)
QCA (5 times)
DS (4 times)
1993 Can the same edge-detection algorithm be applied to on-line and off-line analysis systems? Validation of a new cinefilm-based geometric coronary measurement software.
41  repressor domain
(19 times)
Science
(5 times)
CARDs (4 times)
ds (2 times)
RIG-I (2 times)
2001 Sharp, an inducible cofactor that integrates nuclear receptor repression and activation.
42  radiation dose
(17 times)
Radiology
(8 times)
CT (3 times)
FT (3 times)
DLP (2 times)
2000 Dose-response relationships on the expression profile of cytokeratins and vimentin in rat submandibular glands following fractionated irradiation.
43  radiation dermatitis
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
IMRT (3 times)
RT (3 times)
ASTRO (1 time)
2013 Post mastectomy linac IMRT irradiation of chest wall and regional nodes: dosimetry data and acute toxicities.
44  Reiter's disease
(16 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
AS (4 times)
RA (3 times)
PA (2 times)
1976 HL-A antigens in clinical medicine.
45  response duration
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
OS (7 times)
PFS (4 times)
CR (3 times)
2000 Phase III comparative study of vinorelbine combined with doxorubicin versus doxorubicin alone in disseminated metastatic/recurrent breast cancer: National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group Study MA8.
46  retinal determination
(16 times)
Biology
(12 times)
Eya (5 times)
Dac (4 times)
ato (3 times)
2003 Functional dissection of eyes absent reveals new modes of regulation within the retinal determination gene network.
47  Runt domain
(16 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
AP-1 (3 times)
Arm (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
1998 Site-directed mutagenesis supports a three-dimensional model of the runt domain.
48  IgG4-related disease
(15 times)
Internal Medicine
(3 times)
IgG4 (2 times)
AERD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2013 Immunoglobulin G4-related lung disease accompanied by organizing pneumonia.
49  receiver domain
(15 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
HK (3 times)
ED (2 times)
RR (2 times)
1992 [Phosphatidylinositides as biochemical modulators of the process of receptor domain formation].
50  recurrent disease
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
CRC (2 times)
DFS (2 times)
OS (2 times)
1992 Morbidity and mortality after pelvic exenteration for colorectal adenocarcinoma.
51  Renal dysplasia
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
COX-2 (2 times)
AGTR2 (1 time)
BMP-7 (1 time)
1978 Hereditary retinal dysplasia (RD) in a family of Yorkshire terriers.
52  radial diffusion
(12 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
DTI (9 times)
FA (9 times)
MD (8 times)
2011 Reduced white matter integrity is related to cognitive instability.
53  reference diet
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
IDE (3 times)
TD (3 times)
MC (2 times)
2001 A method to improve the dose distribution of interstitial breast implants using geometrically optimized stepping source techniques and dose normalization.
54  Refsum disease
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PA (3 times)
PAHX (2 times)
PHYH (2 times)
1986 Partial deficiency of dihydroxyacetone phosphate acyltransferase activity in both classical and infantile Refsum's diseases.
55  relative deprivation
(12 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
RS (2 times)
CFD (1 time)
GHGE (1 time)
1987 Relative deprivation theory and responses to discrimination in a gay male and lesbian sample.
56  relative distance
(12 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
ES (2 times)
HSR (2 times)
SUB (2 times)
1998 On the kinetics of phase separation in aqueous two-phase systems.
57  resistant disease
(12 times)
Hematology
(5 times)
CR (12 times)
AML (8 times)
OS (3 times)
1987 Day 4 bone marrow aspirate for prediction of resistance to induction chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia.
58  rhododendrol
(12 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
RK (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
4-TBP (1 time)
2015 Tyrosinase-catalyzed metabolism of rhododendrol (RD) in B16 melanoma cells: production of RD-pheomelanin and covalent binding with thiol proteins.
59  reduced dimensionality
(11 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
FD (2 times)
ESI-MS (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2002 Novel projected 4D triple resonance experiments for polypeptide backbone chemical shift assignment.
60  Responsibility Deal
(11 times)
Public Health
(8 times)
CVD (1 time)
GCa (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2013 The Public Health Responsibility Deal: how should such a complex public health policy be evaluated?
61  restricted diet
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
AL (2 times)
ACEIs (1 time)
ALD (1 time)
1994 [Effect of food consumption restriction in adult rats on the growth and tissue composition of their suckling offspring].
62  rolandic discharges
(11 times)
Brain
(8 times)
EEG (3 times)
BCECT (2 times)
BECCT (2 times)
1992 Relationship between benign epilepsy of children with centro-temporal EEG foci and febrile convulsions.
63  recommended phase II dose
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
MTD (8 times)
DLT (5 times)
DLTs (2 times)
2000 Phase I dose-finding study of a new taxane, RPR 109881A, administered as a one-hour intravenous infusion days 1 and 8 to patients with advanced solid tumors.
64  reductive dechlorination
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
VC (4 times)
cis-DCE (3 times)
CARD-FISH (2 times)
2003 Kinetic and phylogenetic characterization of an anaerobic dechlorinating microbial community.
65  respirable dust
(10 times)
Occupational Medicine
(4 times)
GM (2 times)
NIOSH (2 times)
OEL (2 times)
2013 State of toner exposure of workers who handle toners.
66  reticular dysgenesis
(10 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
SCID (4 times)
HSCT (2 times)
iPSCs (2 times)
1990 [Reticular dysgenesis: primary disorder in differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells?].
67  rubber dam
(10 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
CR (1 time)
DeltaT (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2005 Pit and fissure sealants: results at five and ten years.
68  relative density
(9 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
AQP4 (1 time)
DWI (1 time)
1995 Effects of gas density and ambient pressure on myocardial contractility in the rat.
69  reversible defects
(9 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
LV (2 times)
SMI (2 times)
ECG (1 time)
1993 Reverse redistribution in resting thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy in patients with coronary artery disease: relation to coronary anatomy and ventricular function.
70  root diameter
(9 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
RL (5 times)
LRN (2 times)
PH (2 times)
1996 Cancellous bone screw thread design and holding power.
71  random deposition
(8 times)
Physics
(8 times)
KPZ (2 times)
BBD (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2004 Initial-stage growth phenomena and distribution of local configurations of the restricted solid-on-solid model.
72  random-dot
(8 times)
Optometry
(3 times)
BOLD (1 time)
fNIRS (1 time)
HD (1 time)
1985 Effect of stimulus parameters on fusional and stereoscopic performance.
73  range-Doppler
(8 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(5 times)
ISAR (4 times)
SAR (4 times)
RID (3 times)
2001 High-resolution ISAR imaging of maneuvering targets by means of the range instantaneous Doppler technique: modeling and performance analysis.
74  read depth
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
CNVs (4 times)
CNV (3 times)
NGS (2 times)
2011 CNVnator: an approach to discover, genotype, and characterize typical and atypical CNVs from family and population genome sequencing.
75  rebound depolarization
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DCN (2 times)
HCN (2 times)
IPSPs (2 times)
1997 Sustained outward rectification of oxytocinergic neurones in the rat supraoptic nucleus: ionic dependence and pharmacology.
76  remitted depressed
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
MDD (3 times)
ND (3 times)
HC (2 times)
2007 Amygdala reactivity and mood-congruent memory in individuals at risk for depressive relapse.
77  residual dizziness
(8 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
BPPV (6 times)
DHI (3 times)
CRP (2 times)
2013 Residual dizziness after successful repositioning maneuvers for idiopathic benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.
78  rhombic dodecahedron
(8 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
4-ATP (1 time)
4-NPh (1 time)
AA (1 time)
2009 Selective synthesis of single-crystalline rhombic dodecahedral, octahedral, and cubic gold nanocrystals.
79  radial distances
(7 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
JD (5 times)
BCR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2011 Quantification of extraprostatic extension in prostate cancer: different parameters correlated to biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy.
80  ratio difference spectrophotometric method
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
MCR (3 times)
CC (2 times)
DW (2 times)
2014 Spectrophotometric methods manipulating ratio spectra for simultaneous determination of binary mixtures with sever overlapping spectra: a comparative study.
81  recognition discriminability
(7 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AD (2 times)
CVLT (2 times)
CVLT-C (2 times)
2002 Identifying retrieval problems using the California Verbal Learning Test.
82  repeat domain
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AD (1 time)
FN (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
2003 Regulation of alternative splicing of Gtf2ird1 and its impact on slow muscle promoter activity.
83  responsive disease
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
PD (5 times)
GIST (2 times)
GP (2 times)
1988 Comparison of CA15-3 and carcinoembryonic antigen in monitoring the clinical course of patients with metastatic breast cancer.
84  rheumatic disorders
(7 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
4-ISFMP (1 time)
AS (1 time)
CSTAR (1 time)
1983 Sebaceous glands in the buccal mucosa in patients with rheumatic disorders.
85  Riccardin D
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PCa (2 times)
AR (1 time)
HPLC-Q-LIT-MS (1 time)
2013 In vitro and in vivo evaluation of riccardin D nanosuspensions with different particle size.
86  radicicol
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GA (5 times)
Hsp90 (4 times)
biotin-GM (1 time)
2004 A time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer-based HTS assay and a surface plasmon resonance-based binding assay for heat shock protein 90 inhibitors.
87  radiodermatitis
(6 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
PBMT (3 times)
RT (3 times)
OM (2 times)
2013 Topical agent therapy for prevention and treatment of radiodermatitis: a meta-analysis.
88  radiographic density
(6 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CBCT (3 times)
AB (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
2004 Incidence, pathology and prevention of keel bone deformities in the laying hen.
89  radiology department
(6 times)
Specialties, Nursing
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
MET (2 times)
HCAIs (1 time)
1988 Physician assessments of practice patterns in emergency department radiograph interpretation.
90  receptor-dependent
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PLS (2 times)
QSAR (2 times)
RI (2 times)
2006 Structure-based QSAR analysis of a set of 4-hydroxy-5,6-dihydropyrones as inhibitors of HIV-1 protease: an application of the receptor-dependent (RD) 4D-QSAR formalism.
91  regimen distress
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
EB (4 times)
DD (2 times)
DDS (2 times)
2008 Diabetes distress and its association with clinical outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with pramlintide as an adjunct to insulin therapy.
92  regular dose
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
HD (3 times)
AR (1 time)
DD (1 time)
1993 Acutely psychotic patients receiving high-dose haloperidol therapy.
93  renal sympathetic denervation
(6 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
BP (2 times)
CIH (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2011 Cardiorespiratory response to exercise after renal sympathetic denervation in patients with resistant hypertension.
94  revolving door
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ADRs (2 times)
TFs (2 times)
BD (1 time)
1995 Predicting revolving-door patients in a 9-year national sample.
95  rhodanine
(6 times)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
BPA (1 time)
CA (1 time)
d,p (1 time)
1985 Receptor-mediated endocytosis of human transferrin and its cell surface receptor.
96  riboflavin-deficient
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
ETC (2 times)
CD (1 time)
G6PD (1 time)
1986 The influence of riboflavin deficiency on absorption and liver storage of iron in the growing rat.
97  ribosome display
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
Ap-GFP (1 time)
ARM (1 time)
epPCR (1 time)
2008 Selection of IgE-binding aptameric green fluorescent protein (Ap-GFP) by the ribosome display (RD) platform.
98  right dominant
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
LD (6 times)
CD (4 times)
CAD (2 times)
2016 Corpus Callosum Diffusion and Language Lateralization in Patients with Brain Tumors: A DTI and fMRI Study.
99  rolling direction
(6 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
TD (3 times)
EBSD (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2013 EBSD study of angular deviations from the Goss component in grain-oriented electrical steels.
100  ropivacaine with dexmedetomidine
(6 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
RC (4 times)
ASA (2 times)
LA (1 time)
2011 Dexmedetomidine and clonidine in epidural anaesthesia: A comparative evaluation.