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Abbreviation: RG
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Long forms: 482

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
renormalization group
(134 times)
Biophysics
(67 times)
AT (2 times)
EW (2 times)
KPZ (2 times)
2000 Disorder averaging and finite-size scaling
radial glia
(101 times)
Neurology
(39 times)
CNS (9 times)
NE (7 times)
SVZ (7 times)
1999 Development of the olfactory bulb: evidence for glia-neuron interactions in glomerular formation.
red ginseng
(85 times)
Panax
(19 times)
WG (17 times)
FRG (7 times)
BG (6 times)
2000 Effect of Korean red ginseng on psychological functions in patients with severe climacteric syndromes.
robotic gastrectomy
(56 times)
General Surgery
(29 times)
LG (37 times)
GC (9 times)
OG (7 times)
2012 Robotic versus laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer: a meta-analysis of short outcomes.
red-green
(53 times)
Ophthalmology
(31 times)
B-Y (23 times)
YB (12 times)
CAD (7 times)
1988 The relationship between hue discrimination and contrast sensitivity deficits in patients with diabetes mellitus.
red gastrocnemius
(49 times)
Physiology
(33 times)
WG (31 times)
SOL (19 times)
EDL (4 times)
1985 Heterogeneity of insulin action in individual muscles in vivo: euglycemic clamp studies in rats.
research group
(48 times)
Medicine
(18 times)
CG (44 times)
ROC (4 times)
TNF-alpha (4 times)
2004 Women psychiatrists and research: so far, no further? An Australasian perspective on factors that encourage and hinder women psychiatrists' involvement in research.
reference group
(47 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
SG (5 times)
IG (4 times)
TG (3 times)
1979 [The future of suicidal patients admitted to a general hospital. Comparative study of 2 methods of prevention recurrence and of suicides].
reverse genetics
(46 times)
Virology
(25 times)
HA (7 times)
NA (6 times)
HPAI (4 times)
2008 DC-SIGN mediates avian H5N1 influenza virus infection in cis and in trans.
10  rhamnogalacturonan
(33 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
HG (4 times)
Gal (2 times)
GN (2 times)
1994 Rhamnogalacturonan alpha-L-rhamnopyranohydrolase. A novel enzyme specific for the terminal nonreducing rhamnosyl unit in rhamnogalacturonan regions of pectin.
11  reference gene
(30 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
GAPDH (6 times)
qPCR (5 times)
18S rRNA (3 times)
2005 Quantitative real-time PCR for quick simultaneous determination of therapy-stratifying markers MYCN amplification, deletion 1p and 11q.
12  rhythmic gymnasts
(26 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
UC (9 times)
AG (5 times)
BMD (4 times)
2002 Growth retardation in artistic compared with rhythmic elite female gymnasts.
13  risk group
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
ALL (3 times)
SRG (3 times)
bDFS (2 times)
1994 Chemotherapy in 998 unselected childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients. Results and conclusions of the multicenter trial ALL-BFM 86.
14  rosiglitazone
(23 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
PPARgamma (6 times)
HF (2 times)
MS (2 times)
2003 Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma represses GLUT4 promoter activity in primary adipocytes, and rosiglitazone alleviates this effect.
15  restricted group
(22 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
CG (7 times)
AG (2 times)
NG (2 times)
2000 Feed restriction in young bulls alters the onset of puberty in relationship with plasma insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding proteins.
16  residual gain
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(17 times)
RFI (18 times)
RIG (7 times)
FCR (5 times)
2009 Phenotypic and genetic parameters for different measures of feed efficiency in different breeds of Irish performance-tested beef bulls.
17  responsible gambling
(20 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
PPS (2 times)
CHAID (1 time)
GAA (1 time)
2013 Using cross-game behavioral markers for early identification of high-risk internet gamblers.
18  region growing
(18 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
CT (3 times)
CAD (2 times)
FPs (2 times)
1995 Segmentation methods for volume determination with 111In/99Tcm SPET.
19  refined grain
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
WG (13 times)
HDL (2 times)
LDL (2 times)
2011 A whole-grain cereal-rich diet increases plasma betaine, and tends to decrease total and LDL-cholesterol compared with a refined-grain diet in healthy subjects.
20  repaglinide
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
SLN (3 times)
CS (2 times)
CsA (2 times)
2006 A novel calcium silicate based microspheres of repaglinide: in vivo investigations.
21  respiratory-gated
(15 times)
Radiology
(7 times)
BH (3 times)
CT (3 times)
DIBH (2 times)
2006 [Evaluation of absorbed dose in respiratory-gated radiotherapy using a phantom system that simulates patient respiration].
22  relative growth
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
AG (2 times)
MALDI-TOF MS (2 times)
OCD (2 times)
1997 Detection and Quantification of Resistance of Venturia inaequalis Populations to Sterol Demethylation Inhibitors.
23  ryegrass
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
KBG (2 times)
MEI (2 times)
RC (2 times)
1982 Allergenic cross-reactivity of cytochromes c of Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass pollens.
24  respiratory gating
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
RT (4 times)
DIBH (2 times)
FB (2 times)
2009 [The cost of respiration-gated radiotherapy in the framework of a clinical research programme "STIC"].
25  Rehmannia glutinosa
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
AA (2 times)
AST (2 times)
CAT (2 times)
2006 Rehmannia glutinosa induces glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor gene expression in astroglial cells via cPKC and ERK1/2 pathways independently.
26  responder group
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
NRG (9 times)
DKI (3 times)
NPC (3 times)
2006 Activated platelets as a possible early marker to predict clinical efficacy of leukocytapheresis in severe ulcerative colitis patients.
27  retroglossal
(11 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
RP (11 times)
OSA (5 times)
AP (4 times)
1998 State-related changes in upper airway caliber and surrounding soft-tissue structures in normal subjects.
28  Retinological Society
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
AMD (1 time)
2018 [Statement of the Professional Association of Ophthalmologists (BVA), the German Ophthalmological Society (DOG) and the Retinological Society (RG) on intravitreal treatment of vision-reducing macular edema by retinal vein occlusion : Treatment strategies, status 24 April 2018].
29  radical gastrectomy
(9 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
GC (5 times)
SG (3 times)
EGC (2 times)
1991 [Gastrectomy for advanced gastric carcinoma with serosal involvement].
30  reliability generalization
(8 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
CU (1 time)
FE (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2007 Using reliability generalization methods to explore measurement error: an illustration using the MMPI-2 PSY-5 scales.
31  rice glutelin
(8 times)
Food
(5 times)
RGFs (2 times)
C3G (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2015 Binding interaction between rice glutelin and amylose: Hydrophobic interaction and conformational changes.
32  radial glial cells
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CNS (2 times)
NE (2 times)
SVZ (2 times)
2007 Doublecortin-like, a microtubule-associated protein expressed in radial glia, is crucial for neuronal precursor division and radial process stability.
33  Radix Glycyrrhizae
(7 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
EIM (2 times)
3-NT (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2006 The aqueous extract of Radix Glycyrrhizae stimulates mitogen-activated protein kinases and nuclear factor-kappaB in Jurkat T-cells and THP-1 monocytic cells.
34  raw garlic
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
BG (4 times)
MG (4 times)
AG (2 times)
2005 Reactive oxygen species scavenging capacity of different cooked garlic preparations.
35  red ginseng extract
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BG (1 time)
CCRT (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
2012 Enhancement of anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive actions of red ginseng extract by fermentation.
36  redundancy gain
(7 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
RT (2 times)
AV (1 time)
L- and S-cone (1 time)
2001 Hemispheric interactions in simple reaction time.
37  reticular groove
(7 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
SMI (2 times)
ASUDAS (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
2009 Functional morphology of unguiculiform papillae of the reticular groove in the ruminant stomach.
38  German Retina Society
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
ARMD (1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
FAG (1 time)
2010 [Retinal angiomatous proliferation with associated pigment epithelium detachment: anti-VEGF therapy].
39  reduced glutathione
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
DC (2 times)
GR (2 times)
GT (2 times)
1991 [Status of the processes of free-radical oxidation and the antioxidation system in patients with a severe course of hepatitis B].
40  reduced graphene
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
EOR (1 time)
EPIA (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2012 Electrophoretic deposition of a reduced graphene-Au nanoparticle composite film as counter electrode for CdS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells.
41  rehabilitation group
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
SG (2 times)
AD (1 time)
CABG (1 time)
2002 [Long-term effect of indoor rehabilitation on children and young people with moderate and severe asthma].
42  retrospective gating
(6 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
PG (3 times)
CCTA (2 times)
PT (2 times)
2001 Correcting organ motion artifacts in x-ray CT systems based on tracking of motion phase by the spatial overlap correlator. II. Experimental study.
43  rhythm generator
(6 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
PF (5 times)
CPG (3 times)
CPGs (2 times)
1998 A model of the neuro-musculo-skeletal system for anticipatory adjustment of human locomotion during obstacle avoidance.
44  rabies glycoprotein
(5 times)
Virology
(2 times)
Ad5 (1 time)
ALS (1 time)
CDV (1 time)
1996 Human adenovirus type 5 vectors expressing rabies glycoprotein.
45  recombinant gelatin
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
HA (1 time)
MSs (1 time)
NG (1 time)
1995 Amino acid sequence analysis, gene construction, cloning, and expression of gelonin, a toxin derived from Gelonium multiflorum.
46  regrowth
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
iNDF (2 times)
pdNDF (2 times)
PG (2 times)
1998 Cell kinetics and repopulation mechanisms during multifraction irradiation of spheroids.
47  residual graft
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CT (4 times)
NB (3 times)
AB (2 times)
2015 Xenografts Supplemented with Pamindronate placed in postextraction sockets to avoid crestal bone resorption. Experimental study in Fox hound dogs.
48  Rio Grande
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CAT (1 time)
DWTPs (1 time)
LANL (1 time)
1982 Experimental studies of Rio Grande virus in rodent hosts.
49  robotic group
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
LG (3 times)
APR (1 time)
ARR (1 time)
2010 The minimally invasive approach, laparoscopic and robotic, in rectal resection for cancer. A single center experience.
50  Romanowsky-Giemsa
(5 times)
Histocytochemistry
(5 times)
HE (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
PAA (1 time)
1983 On the nature of Romanowsky--Giemsa staining and its significance for cytochemistry and histochemistry: an overall view.
51  radial growth
(4 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
dw (1 time)
EC50 (1 time)
GD (1 time)
2015 Tree water status and growth of saplings and mature Norway spruce (Picea abies) at a dry distribution limit.
52  radiography
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
FOTI (1 time)
2005 Ultrasonographic and radiographic assessment of uncomplicated secondary fracture healing of long bones in dogs and cats.
53  Radix Ginseng
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
ARS (1 time)
2003 Effect of Radix Ginseng and Radix Trichosanthis on the melanogenesis.
54  reagent-grade
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
FG (2 times)
PHAs (1 time)
PR (1 time)
1989 Bioavailability of manganese from feed grade manganese oxides for broiler chicks.
55  realistic geometry
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
LWMN (2 times)
LORETA (1 time)
2001 High-resolution EEG: a new realistic geometry spline Laplacian estimation technique.
56  red gypsum
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
ACB (2 times)
SF (2 times)
C-S-H (1 time)
2004 Assessment of the use of industrial by-products to remediate a copper- and arsenic-contaminated soil.
57  refractory glaucoma
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
AGV (2 times)
GDD (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
2011 [Collagen implant in refractory glaucoma surgery].
58  relapsing group
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
EDSS (2 times)
SDMT (2 times)
SG (2 times)
2016 A Pilot Study of a Readiness Group to Increase Initiation of Smoking Cessation Services among Women in Residential Addiction Treatment.
59  residual body weight gain
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
RFI (4 times)
RIG (3 times)
BF (1 time)
2013 Assessment of residual body weight gain and residual intake and body weight gain as feed efficiency traits in the turkey (Meleagris gallopavo).
60  resistance group
(4 times)
Manipulation, Orthopedic
(2 times)
CG (2 times)
SG (2 times)
6MWT (1 time)
2013 Effect of endurance and resistance training on regional fat mass and lipid profile.
61  Resistant glucan
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
FOS (2 times)
HRG (2 times)
DRDDs (1 time)
2015 Digestibility of new dietary fibre materials, resistant glucan and hydrogenated resistant glucan in rats and humans, and the physical effects in rats.
62  reverse gyrase
(4 times)
Biology
(3 times)
DSB (1 time)
LUCA (1 time)
TtRG (1 time)
2003 Archaeal genome organization and stress responses: implications for the origin and evolution of cellular life.
63  rice gruel
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
HRT (2 times)
AGR (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2005 Rice gruel and rice starch reduce sorbitol-induced diarrhoea in cecectomized rats.
64  rima glottidis
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2002 The effects of doxapram hydrochloride (dopram-V) on laryngeal function in healthy dogs.
65  Robertson Glacier
(4 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
CoM (1 time)
mcrA (1 time)
RuBisCO (1 time)
2010 Methanogenesis in subglacial sediments.
66  Robotic guidance
(4 times)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(2 times)
FH (2 times)
NV (2 times)
CAN (1 time)
2019 A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Perioperative Parameters in Robot-Guided, Navigated, and Freehand Thoracolumbar Pedicle Screw Instrumentation.
67  rootstock-grafted
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
SG (3 times)
DEGs (2 times)
CA (1 time)
2016 Comparative transcriptome profiling of chilling stress responsiveness in grafted watermelon seedlings.
68  rotational grazing
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CG (3 times)
CC (1 time)
CFP (1 time)
2011 Effect of a hay-based diet or different upland grazing systems on milk volatile compounds.
69  Rubia Gallega
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BP (3 times)
A-NI (2 times)
AV (2 times)
2011 Different humoral mechanisms against Neospora caninum infection in purebreed and crossbreed beef/dairy cattle pregnancies.
70  running group
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
CS (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
FG (1 time)
1992 Difference of physiological responses to swimming and running.
71  R group
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2009 [A comparison of the effect of lidocaine or sodium bicarbonate mixed with rocuronium on withdrawal movement, mean arterial pressure and heart rate during rocuronium injection].
72  radius gradient
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
APS (1 time)
FFRCT (1 time)
SCTG (1 time)
2013 Single-image vignetting correction from gradient distribution symmetries.
73  range
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
SD (2 times)
CC (1 time)
COPML (1 time)
1986 Heart rate-respiration relationship: computerized method for early assessment of cardiac autonomic damage in diabetic patients.
74  raucaffricine glucosidase
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
SG (2 times)
2002 Heterologous expression of a Rauvolfia cDNA encoding strictosidine glucosidase, a biosynthetic key to over 2000 monoterpenoid indole alkaloids.
75  Rayleigh-Gans
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
EA (1 time)
EM (1 time)
1991 Glass flake reinforced composites as optical materials.
76  Reactive gastropathy
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
NSAIDs (2 times)
BE (1 time)
BR (1 time)
2020 The Meaning of Incidental Goblet Cells at the Gastroesophageal Junction.
77  reactive gliosis
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
CR (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2011 Inhibition of reactive gliosis prevents neovascular growth in the mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy.
78  reciprocal gait
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MM (1 time)
SCI (1 time)
SG (1 time)
2009 Upper extremity kinetics of children with myelomeningocele during Lofstrand crutch-assisted gait.
79  recommendation was graded
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
APACHE (1 time)
CT (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
2002 Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for acute pancreatitis: proposals.
80  red gastrocnemius muscle
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ACh (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
1997 Fish oil and vitamin E supplementation in oxidative stress at rest and after physical exercise.
81  red portion of gastrocnemius muscle
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
WG (3 times)
ACh (1 time)
DIA (1 time)
2002 Differential adenosine sensitivity of diaphragm and skeletal muscle arterioles.
82  reduced graphene oxide
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Al (1 time)
MA (1 time)
PNP (1 time)
2016 Enhanced adsorptive removal of p-nitrophenol from water by aluminum metal-organic framework/reduced graphene oxide composite.
83  Regorafenib
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
beta-CD (2 times)
1H-NMR (1 time)
CNPs (1 time)
2017 Evaluation of molecular chaperone drug function: Regorafenib and beta-cyclodextrins.
84  relaxation group
(3 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CG (3 times)
DPNP (1 time)
IG (1 time)
1997 Effects of relaxation intervention in phase II cardiac rehabilitation: replication and extension.
85  Renal Graft
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
TS (3 times)
TPE (2 times)
DM (1 time)
2013 Telepathology as a method to optimize quality in organ transplantation: a feasibility and reliability study of the virtual benching of renal graft.
86  reporter gene
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ACGT (1 time)
C-II (1 time)
CIA (1 time)
2008 Multimodality imaging of T-cell hybridoma trafficking in collagen-induced arthritic mice: image-based estimation of the number of cells accumulating in mouse paws.
87  reporting guidelines
(3 times)
Urology
(1 time)
MQAI (1 time)
WoS (1 time)
2015 The explicit mentioning of reporting guidelines in urogynecology journals in 2013: A bibliometric study.
88  retinal glial
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
RPE (3 times)
PVR (2 times)
DF (1 time)
1985 Induction of DNA synthesis by co-culture of retinal glia and pigment epithelium.
89  retrograde
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AG (2 times)
CBD (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
2003 A validated assay for measuring doxorubicin in biological fluids and tissues in an isolated lung perfusion model: matrix effect and heparin interference strongly influence doxorubicin measurements.
90  rhein 8-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CKD (1 time)
DKT (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2012 The influence of rhein 8-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside on the purgative action of sennoside A from rhubarb in mice.
91  ring gland
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
JH (1 time)
PG (1 time)
PTTH (1 time)
1984 In vitro activity of dipteran ring glands and activation by the prothoracicotropic hormone.
92  rivaroxaban group
(3 times)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac
(2 times)
DG (4 times)
AF (3 times)
AG (3 times)
2015 Differences in activated clotting time among uninterrupted anticoagulants during the periprocedural period of atrial fibrillation ablation.
93  root-galling
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
EM (2 times)
RKN (2 times)
Mj (1 time)
2018 Broad-based root-knot nematode resistance identified in cowpea gene-pool two.
94  routine group
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
AAHPERD (1 time)
AD (1 time)
AGIBAL (1 time)
2010 [Effects of physical activity on cognitive functions, balance and risk of falls in elderly patients with Alzheimer's dementia].
95  arginine-glycine repeats
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
EBNA (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2012 Modulation of Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen 2-dependent transcription by protein arginine methyltransferase 5.
96  Galla rhois
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
DAA (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
2019 Anti-viral activity of compounds from Agrimonia pilosa and Galla rhois extract mixture.
97  gill resistance
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
Rs (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
AVT (1 time)
1997 Effects of natriuretic peptides and nitroprusside on venous function in trout.
98  N-(all-trans-retinoyl)glycine
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
RA (2 times)
RL (2 times)
ER (1 time)
1988 Toxicologic and immunologic evaluations of N-(all-trans-retinoyl)-DL-leucine and N-(all-trans-retinoyl)glycine.
99  rabies virus glycoprotein
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
LSDV (1 time)
rLSDV-RG (1 time)
RV (1 time)
1999 Development and use of a 293 cell line expressing lac repressor for the rescue of recombinant adenoviruses expressing high levels of rabies virus glycoprotein.
100  radial gaussianization
(2 times)
Models, Neurological
(1 time)
ICA (1 time)
2008 Reducing statistical dependencies in natural signals using radial Gaussianization.