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Abbreviation: RG
Appearance Frequency: 1437 time(s)
Long forms: 428

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
renormalization group
(124 times)
Biophysics
(67 times)
EW (2 times)
KPZ (2 times)
MBL (2 times)
1999 Scale invariant dynamics of surface growth.
radial glia
(85 times)
Neurology
(37 times)
SVZ (7 times)
CNS (6 times)
GFAP (6 times)
1999 Development of the olfactory bulb: evidence for glia-neuron interactions in glomerular formation.
red ginseng
(69 times)
Panax
(15 times)
WG (15 times)
BG (5 times)
FRG (5 times)
1999 Effect of Korean red ginseng on psychological functions in patients with severe climacteric syndromes.
red gastrocnemius
(47 times)
Physiology
(31 times)
WG (30 times)
SOL (19 times)
EDL (4 times)
1985 Heterogeneity of insulin action in individual muscles in vivo: euglycemic clamp studies in rats.
red-green
(43 times)
Ophthalmology
(27 times)
B-Y (21 times)
YB (8 times)
Ach (5 times)
1988 The relationship between hue discrimination and contrast sensitivity deficits in patients with diabetes mellitus.
reference group
(39 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
SG (4 times)
IG (3 times)
ACT (2 times)
1979 [The future of suicidal patients admitted to a general hospital. Comparative study of 2 methods of prevention recurrence and of suicides].
reverse genetics
(32 times)
Virology
(21 times)
HA (5 times)
NA (5 times)
AHSV (2 times)
2008 DC-SIGN mediates avian H5N1 influenza virus infection in cis and in trans.
rhamnogalacturonan
(32 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
HG (4 times)
Gal (2 times)
GN (2 times)
1994 Rhamnogalacturonan alpha-L-rhamnopyranohydrolase. A novel enzyme specific for the terminal nonreducing rhamnosyl unit in rhamnogalacturonan regions of pectin.
robotic gastrectomy
(31 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
LG (24 times)
OG (5 times)
CI (4 times)
2012 Robotic versus laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer: a meta-analysis of short outcomes.
10  reference gene
(25 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
GAPDH (5 times)
qPCR (5 times)
ACTB (3 times)
2005 Quantitative real-time PCR for quick simultaneous determination of therapy-stratifying markers MYCN amplification, deletion 1p and 11q.
11  risk group
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
ALL (3 times)
SRG (3 times)
bDFS (2 times)
1994 Chemotherapy in 998 unselected childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients. Results and conclusions of the multicenter trial ALL-BFM 86.
12  restricted group
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
CG (7 times)
AG (2 times)
NG (2 times)
2000 Feed restriction in young bulls alters the onset of puberty in relationship with plasma insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding proteins.
13  rhythmic gymnasts
(21 times)
Metabolism
(5 times)
UC (6 times)
AG (5 times)
BMD (4 times)
2002 Growth retardation in artistic compared with rhythmic elite female gymnasts.
14  rosiglitazone
(21 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
PPARgamma (6 times)
HF (2 times)
MS (2 times)
2003 Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma represses GLUT4 promoter activity in primary adipocytes, and rosiglitazone alleviates this effect.
15  residual gain
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(17 times)
RFI (15 times)
RIG (6 times)
FCR (5 times)
2010 Phenotypic and genetic parameters for different measures of feed efficiency in different breeds of Irish performance-tested beef bulls.
16  region growing
(16 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
CAD (2 times)
CT (2 times)
FPs (2 times)
1995 Segmentation methods for volume determination with 111In/99Tcm SPET.
17  repaglinide
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
SLN (3 times)
CS (2 times)
CsA (2 times)
2006 A novel calcium silicate based microspheres of repaglinide: in vivo investigations.
18  research group
(14 times)
Audiology
(9 times)
CG (12 times)
SLI (3 times)
NLD (2 times)
2007 [The emergence of expressive communication in the child with Down syndrome].
19  refined grain
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
WG (10 times)
3DFDs (1 time)
ACR (1 time)
2011 A whole-grain cereal-rich diet increases plasma betaine, and tends to decrease total and LDL-cholesterol compared with a refined-grain diet in healthy subjects.
20  relative growth
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
AG (2 times)
OCD (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1997 Detection and Quantification of Resistance of Venturia inaequalis Populations to Sterol Demethylation Inhibitors.
21  responsible gambling
(13 times)
Psychology
(8 times)
CHAID (1 time)
HBM (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2013 Using cross-game behavioral markers for early identification of high-risk internet gamblers.
22  respiratory-gated
(12 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
BH (3 times)
BAM (1 time)
CMRA (1 time)
2006 [Evaluation of absorbed dose in respiratory-gated radiotherapy using a phantom system that simulates patient respiration].
23  ryegrass
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
KBG (2 times)
MEI (2 times)
AA-N (1 time)
1982 Allergenic cross-reactivity of cytochromes c of Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass pollens.
24  Rehmannia glutinosa
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
AA (2 times)
AST (2 times)
PN (2 times)
2006 Rehmannia glutinosa induces glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor gene expression in astroglial cells via cPKC and ERK1/2 pathways independently.
25  respiratory gating
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
RT (4 times)
FB (2 times)
SI (2 times)
2009 [The cost of respiration-gated radiotherapy in the framework of a clinical research programme "STIC"].
26  radical gastrectomy
(9 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
GC (5 times)
SG (3 times)
EGC (2 times)
1991 [Gastrectomy for advanced gastric carcinoma with serosal involvement].
27  responder group
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
NRG (7 times)
DKI (3 times)
NPC (3 times)
2006 Activated platelets as a possible early marker to predict clinical efficacy of leukocytapheresis in severe ulcerative colitis patients.
28  retroglossal
(9 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
RP (9 times)
AP (4 times)
OSA (4 times)
1998 State-related changes in upper airway caliber and surrounding soft-tissue structures in normal subjects.
29  raw garlic
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
BG (4 times)
MG (4 times)
AG (2 times)
2006 Reactive oxygen species scavenging capacity of different cooked garlic preparations.
30  reliability generalization
(7 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
CU (1 time)
FE (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2007 Using reliability generalization methods to explore measurement error: an illustration using the MMPI-2 PSY-5 scales.
31  German Retina Society
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
ARMD (1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
FAG (1 time)
2011 [Retinal angiomatous proliferation with associated pigment epithelium detachment: anti-VEGF therapy].
32  radial glial cells
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
NE (2 times)
SVZ (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
2007 Doublecortin-like, a microtubule-associated protein expressed in radial glia, is crucial for neuronal precursor division and radial process stability.
33  red ginseng extract
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BG (1 time)
CCRT (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
2012 Enhancement of anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive actions of red ginseng extract by fermentation.
34  reduced glutathione
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
DC (2 times)
GR (2 times)
GT (2 times)
1991 [Status of the processes of free-radical oxidation and the antioxidation system in patients with a severe course of hepatitis B].
35  reduced graphene
(6 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
EOR (1 time)
EPIA (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2012 Electrophoretic deposition of a reduced graphene-Au nanoparticle composite film as counter electrode for CdS quantum dot-sensitized solar cells.
36  redundancy gain
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
L- and S-cone (1 time)
race (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2002 Hemispheric interactions in simple reaction time.
37  retrospective gating
(6 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
PG (3 times)
CCTA (2 times)
PT (2 times)
2001 Correcting organ motion artifacts in x-ray CT systems based on tracking of motion phase by the spatial overlap correlator. II. Experimental study.
38  rhythm generator
(6 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
PF (5 times)
CPG (3 times)
CPGs (2 times)
1998 A model of the neuro-musculo-skeletal system for anticipatory adjustment of human locomotion during obstacle avoidance.
39  rabies glycoprotein
(5 times)
Virology
(2 times)
Ad5 (1 time)
ALS (1 time)
CDV (1 time)
1996 Human adenovirus type 5 vectors expressing rabies glycoprotein.
40  radicular groove
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
ASUDAS (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
ENS (1 time)
2009 Functional morphology of unguiculiform papillae of the reticular groove in the ruminant stomach.
41  Radix Glycyrrhizae
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
3-NT (1 time)
AD (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2006 The aqueous extract of Radix Glycyrrhizae stimulates mitogen-activated protein kinases and nuclear factor-kappaB in Jurkat T-cells and THP-1 monocytic cells.
42  recombinant gelatin
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
HA (1 time)
MSs (1 time)
NG (1 time)
1995 Amino acid sequence analysis, gene construction, cloning, and expression of gelonin, a toxin derived from Gelonium multiflorum.
43  regrowth
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
iNDF (2 times)
pdNDF (2 times)
PG (2 times)
1998 Cell kinetics and repopulation mechanisms during multifraction irradiation of spheroids.
44  robotic group
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
LG (3 times)
APR (1 time)
ARR (1 time)
2010 The minimally invasive approach, laparoscopic and robotic, in rectal resection for cancer. A single center experience.
45  Romanowsky-Giemsa
(5 times)
Histocytochemistry
(5 times)
HE (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
PAA (1 time)
1983 On the nature of Romanowsky--Giemsa staining and its significance for cytochemistry and histochemistry: an overall view.
46  radiography
(4 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
FOTI (1 time)
2005 Ultrasonographic and radiographic assessment of uncomplicated secondary fracture healing of long bones in dogs and cats.
47  reagent-grade
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
FG (2 times)
PHAs (1 time)
PR (1 time)
1989 Bioavailability of manganese from feed grade manganese oxides for broiler chicks.
48  realistic geometry
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
LWMN (2 times)
LORETA (1 time)
2001 High-resolution EEG: a new realistic geometry spline Laplacian estimation technique.
49  residual body weight gain
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
RFI (4 times)
RIG (3 times)
BF (1 time)
2013 Assessment of residual body weight gain and residual intake and body weight gain as feed efficiency traits in the turkey (Meleagris gallopavo).
50  residual graft
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CT (3 times)
NB (3 times)
AB (2 times)
2016 Xenografts Supplemented with Pamindronate placed in postextraction sockets to avoid crestal bone resorption. Experimental study in Fox hound dogs.
51  Resistant glucan
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
FOS (2 times)
HRG (2 times)
DRDDs (1 time)
2015 Digestibility of new dietary fibre materials, resistant glucan and hydrogenated resistant glucan in rats and humans, and the physical effects in rats.
52  reverse gyrase
(4 times)
Biology
(3 times)
DSB (1 time)
LUCA (1 time)
TtRG (1 time)
2002 Archaeal genome organization and stress responses: implications for the origin and evolution of cellular life.
53  rice glutelin
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
EGCG (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2015 Binding interaction between rice glutelin and amylose: Hydrophobic interaction and conformational changes.
54  rice gruel
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
HRT (2 times)
AGR (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2005 Rice gruel and rice starch reduce sorbitol-induced diarrhoea in cecectomized rats.
55  rima glottidis
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2002 The effects of doxapram hydrochloride (dopram-V) on laryngeal function in healthy dogs.
56  Rio Grande
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
DWTPs (1 time)
LANL (1 time)
LF (1 time)
1982 Experimental studies of Rio Grande virus in rodent hosts.
57  Robertson Glacier
(4 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
CoM (1 time)
mcrA (1 time)
RuBisCO (1 time)
2010 Methanogenesis in subglacial sediments.
58  Rubia Gallega
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BP (3 times)
A-NI (2 times)
AV (2 times)
2011 Different humoral mechanisms against Neospora caninum infection in purebreed and crossbreed beef/dairy cattle pregnancies.
59  running group
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
CS (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
FG (1 time)
1992 Difference of physiological responses to swimming and running.
60  R group
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2009 [A comparison of the effect of lidocaine or sodium bicarbonate mixed with rocuronium on withdrawal movement, mean arterial pressure and heart rate during rocuronium injection].
61  radial growth
(3 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
dw (1 time)
EC50 (1 time)
GD (1 time)
2015 Tree water status and growth of saplings and mature Norway spruce (Picea abies) at a dry distribution limit.
62  radius gradient
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
APS (1 time)
FFRCT (1 time)
SCTG (1 time)
2013 Single-image vignetting correction from gradient distribution symmetries.
63  Radix Ginseng
(3 times)
Inflammation
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
CK (1 time)
2003 Effect of Radix Ginseng and Radix Trichosanthis on the melanogenesis.
64  range
(3 times)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
SD (2 times)
CC (1 time)
COPML (1 time)
1986 Heart rate-respiration relationship: computerized method for early assessment of cardiac autonomic damage in diabetic patients.
65  raucaffricine glucosidase
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
SG (2 times)
2002 Heterologous expression of a Rauvolfia cDNA encoding strictosidine glucosidase, a biosynthetic key to over 2000 monoterpenoid indole alkaloids.
66  Rayleigh-Gans
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
EA (1 time)
EM (1 time)
1991 Glass flake reinforced composites as optical materials.
67  reactive gliosis
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
CR (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2011 Inhibition of reactive gliosis prevents neovascular growth in the mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy.
68  reciprocal gait
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MM (1 time)
SCI (1 time)
SG (1 time)
2008 Upper extremity kinetics of children with myelomeningocele during Lofstrand crutch-assisted gait.
69  red gastrocnemius muscle
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ACh (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
1997 Fish oil and vitamin E supplementation in oxidative stress at rest and after physical exercise.
70  red gypsum
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ACB (2 times)
SF (2 times)
PBET (1 time)
2004 Assessment of the use of industrial by-products to remediate a copper- and arsenic-contaminated soil.
71  red portion of gastrocnemius muscle
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
WG (3 times)
ACh (1 time)
DIA (1 time)
2002 Differential adenosine sensitivity of diaphragm and skeletal muscle arterioles.
72  Red/green
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
YB (3 times)
CAD (2 times)
AMD (1 time)
2010 The Macular Assessment Profile test - a new VDU-based technique for measuring the spatial distribution of the macular pigment, lens density and rapid flicker sensitivity.
73  reduced graphene oxide
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
Al (1 time)
MA (1 time)
PNP (1 time)
2016 Enhanced adsorptive removal of p-nitrophenol from water by aluminum metal-organic framework/reduced graphene oxide composite.
74  refractory glaucoma
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AGV (1 time)
GDD (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
2011 [Collagen implant in refractory glaucoma surgery].
75  rehabilitation group
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
CABG (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
CG (1 time)
2002 [Long-term effect of indoor rehabilitation on children and young people with moderate and severe asthma].
76  Renal Graft
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(3 times)
TS (3 times)
TPE (2 times)
DM (1 time)
2013 Telepathology as a method to optimize quality in organ transplantation: a feasibility and reliability study of the virtual benching of renal graft.
77  reporter gene
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACGT (1 time)
C-II (1 time)
CIA (1 time)
2007 Multimodality imaging of T-cell hybridoma trafficking in collagen-induced arthritic mice: image-based estimation of the number of cells accumulating in mouse paws.
78  reporting guidelines
(3 times)
Evidence-Based Medicine
(1 time)
MQAI (1 time)
WoS (1 time)
2016 The explicit mentioning of reporting guidelines in urogynecology journals in 2013: A bibliometric study.
79  resistance group
(3 times)
Massage
(1 time)
CG (2 times)
6MWT (1 time)
CVG (1 time)
2013 Effect of endurance and resistance training on regional fat mass and lipid profile.
80  retinal glial
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
RPE (3 times)
PVR (2 times)
DF (1 time)
1985 Induction of DNA synthesis by co-culture of retinal glia and pigment epithelium.
81  ring gland
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
JH (1 time)
PG (1 time)
PTTH (1 time)
1984 In vitro activity of dipteran ring glands and activation by the prothoracicotropic hormone.
82  rivaroxaban group
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
DG (4 times)
AF (3 times)
AG (3 times)
2015 Differences in activated clotting time among uninterrupted anticoagulants during the periprocedural period of atrial fibrillation ablation.
83  root-galling
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
EM (2 times)
RKN (2 times)
Mj (1 time)
2018 Broad-based root-knot nematode resistance identified in cowpea gene-pool two.
84  rotational grazing
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CG (2 times)
dOM (1 time)
LWG (1 time)
2011 Effect of a hay-based diet or different upland grazing systems on milk volatile compounds.
85  arginine-glycine repeats
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
EBNA (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2013 Modulation of Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen 2-dependent transcription by protein arginine methyltransferase 5.
86  gill resistance
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
Rs (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
AVT (1 time)
1997 Effects of natriuretic peptides and nitroprusside on venous function in trout.
87  N-(all-trans-retinoyl)glycine
(2 times)
Teratology
(1 time)
RA (2 times)
RL (2 times)
ER (1 time)
1988 Toxicologic and immunologic evaluations of N-(all-trans-retinoyl)-DL-leucine and N-(all-trans-retinoyl)glycine.
88  rabies virus glycoprotein
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
LSDV (1 time)
rLSDV-RG (1 time)
RV (1 time)
1999 Development and use of a 293 cell line expressing lac repressor for the rescue of recombinant adenoviruses expressing high levels of rabies virus glycoprotein.
89  radial gaussianization
(2 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(1 time)
ICA (1 time)
2008 Reducing statistical dependencies in natural signals using radial Gaussianization.
90  radical gastrectomy with systematic lymphadenectomy
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
SG (1 time)
1995 Cholelithiasis and cholecystitis after gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma: a comparison of lymphadenectomy of varying extent.
91  Radiogrametry
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
pDXA (1 time)
QCT (1 time)
QUS (1 time)
1990 Importance of measurement of bone density in the management of osteoporosis.
92  rain gauge
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CMLs (1 time)
MWL (1 time)
2013 Assessing the potential of using telecommunication microwave links in urban drainage modelling.
93  rainbow glare
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
FS-LASIK (1 time)
2016 Rainbow glare after laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis: a review of literature.
94  Ranvier's groove
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
PBF (1 time)
Wnt-responsive cells (1 time)
1995 Ossification processes and perichondral ossification groove of Ranvier: a morphological study in developing human calcaneus and talus.
95  rat glial
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
dbcAMP (2 times)
GC (1 time)
GFA (1 time)
1983 The effect of dibutyryl cyclic AMP on restricted replication of rubella virus in rat glial cells in culture.
96  rate of gelation
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
LT (2 times)
Fg (1 time)
1984 Dysfibrinogenaemia associated with a defect in the aggregation of the fibrin monomers (Almeria I fibrinogen). A preliminary study.
97  raucaffricine-O-beta-D-glucosidase
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
--- 2000 Molecular cloning and functional bacterial expression of a plant glucosidase specifically involved in alkaloid biosynthesis.
98  readiness group
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
CPD (1 time)
EG (1 time)
ES (1 time)
2016 A Pilot Study of a Readiness Group to Increase Initiation of Smoking Cessation Services among Women in Residential Addiction Treatment.
99  recommendation was graded
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
APACHE (1 time)
CT (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
2002 Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for acute pancreatitis: proposals.
100  recontouring
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ACD (1 time)
CG (1 time)
GZ (1 time)
2013 Digital analysis of anterior dental esthetic parameters in patients with bilateral maxillary lateral incisor agenesis.