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Abbreviation: RO
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Long forms: 367

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
reverse osmosis
(861 times)
Environmental Health
(546 times)
NF (148 times)
UF (78 times)
MF (42 times)
1981 Enzymatic Cleaning of Cellulose Acetate Membrane Reverse Osmosis Systems.
radiation oncology
(153 times)
Neoplasms
(101 times)
RT (15 times)
GTV (8 times)
MO (8 times)
1998 Clinical variability of target volume description in conformal radiotherapy planning.
receptor occupancy
(76 times)
Pharmacology
(26 times)
PET (16 times)
PK (12 times)
PD (6 times)
2004 Association between platelet receptor occupancy after eptifibatide (integrilin) therapy and patency, myocardial perfusion, and ST-segment resolution among patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction: an INTEGRITI (Integrilin and Tenecteplase in Acute Myocardial Infarction) substudy.
renal oncocytoma
(74 times)
Pathology
(35 times)
ChRCC (41 times)
RCC (16 times)
ccRCC (7 times)
1999 Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma and oncocytoma: comparison of cytomorphologic features.
rapeseed oil
(64 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(21 times)
FO (24 times)
SO (17 times)
LO (11 times)
1978 Effects of cold stress on rats fed different levels of docosenoic acids.
relative odds
(35 times)
Epidemiology
(8 times)
CI (14 times)
Cl (2 times)
HIV-1 (2 times)
1983 Pituitary adenomas and oral contraceptives: a multicenter case-control study.
Reality Orientation
(25 times)
Geriatrics
(9 times)
RCTs (4 times)
GRA (2 times)
SMD (2 times)
1979 Reality orientation and staff attention: a controlled study.
reflux oesophagitis
(21 times)
Gastroenterology
(14 times)
BO (6 times)
GORD (4 times)
NERD (2 times)
1990 Treatment of acid-related disorders with gastric acid inhibitors: the state of the art.
Regional odontodysplasia
(20 times)
Dentistry
(14 times)
CBCT (1 time)
GTs (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
1998 Ultrastructural organization and microanalysis studies of deciduous enamel crystallites in regional odontodysplasia (RO).
10  resection
(14 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
OS (2 times)
CT (1 time)
CTSB (1 time)
1992 Ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas. Histopathological features and prognosis.
11  Rosmarinus officinalis
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
Co (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
TA (2 times)
2005 Specific leaf mass, fresh: dry weight ratio, sugar and protein contents in species of Lamiaceae from different light environments.
12  renal osteodystrophy
(13 times)
Nephrology
(6 times)
PTH (4 times)
Al (3 times)
CKD (3 times)
1992 Bone mineral and aluminum concentrations in patients undergoing CAPD.
13  raphe obscurus
(12 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
RP (7 times)
RM (5 times)
DMV (2 times)
1981 Monoamine cell distribution in the cat brain stem. A fluorescence histochemical study with quantification of indolaminergic and locus coeruleus cell groups.
14  radical orchiectomy
(10 times)
Urology
(6 times)
TSS (6 times)
GCT (2 times)
LCT (2 times)
2009 Testis-sparing surgery versus radical orchiectomy in patients with Leydig cell tumors.
15  retro-orbital
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
GO (2 times)
IFN-gamma (2 times)
PBMC (2 times)
1993 Cytolytic T cells with Th1-like cytokine profile predominate in retroorbital lymphocytic infiltrates of Graves' ophthalmopathy.
16  relaxation oscillation
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
EFL (1 time)
EOF (1 time)
FBG (1 time)
2001 Quantum-noise-induced order in lasers placed in chaotic oscillation by frequency-shifted feedback.
17  right ovary
(9 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(7 times)
LO (9 times)
CL (3 times)
DF (3 times)
2013 Adequacy of ovarian diathermy under ultrasound control: an experimental model.
18  reactive oxygen
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AI (1 time)
FALS (1 time)
GBE (1 time)
1985 Role of reactive oxygen in tumor promotion: implication of superoxide anion in promotion of neoplastic transformation in JB-6 cells by TPA.
19  restricted ovulator
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
VLDLR (3 times)
WT (3 times)
AT (1 time)
1984 Plasma sex hormone and lipid patterns in normal and restricted-ovulator chicken hens.
20  radio occultation
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GNSS (4 times)
GPS (3 times)
ENSO (1 time)
2014 Deriving dynamics from GPS radio occultation: Three-dimensional wind fields for monitoring the climate.
21  readout
(7 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
PE (2 times)
ARF (1 time)
ARFI (1 time)
2007 Optimized EPI for fMRI studies of the orbitofrontal cortex: compensation of susceptibility-induced gradients in the readout direction.
22  reoxygenation
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
OGD (3 times)
BBB (2 times)
eNOS (2 times)
2005 Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor sildenafil preconditions adult cardiac myocytes against necrosis and apoptosis. Essential role of nitric oxide signaling.
23  restoration-oriented
(7 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
dpm (5 times)
LO (5 times)
IDWL (1 time)
2007 Toward the development of an inventory of daily widowed life (IDWL): guided by the dual process model of coping with bereavement.
24  reoperation
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
PVE (3 times)
PY (3 times)
TE (3 times)
1995 [Double valve replacement with mechanical prostheses--an operative results].
25  retinal oximetry
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
RVA (3 times)
RP (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2014 Retinal vessel oxygen saturation in giant cell arteritis patients without ocular symptoms.
26  Retinal vessel oximetry
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
D-A (3 times)
RP (3 times)
RCD (2 times)
2016 Metabolic and functional changes in retinitis pigmentosa: comparing retinal vessel oximetry to full-field electroretinography, electrooculogram and multifocal electroretinography.
27  reverse osmosis membrane
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
AB (1 time)
AC (1 time)
DAF (1 time)
2005 Impact of RO-desalted water on distribution water qualities.
28  Romosinuano
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
HS (3 times)
LPS (3 times)
TN (3 times)
2010 Evaluation of physiological and blood serum differences in heat-tolerant (Romosinuano) and heat-susceptible (Angus) Bos taurus cattle during controlled heat challenge.
29  Rondonia
(6 times)
Parasitology
(4 times)
AR (2 times)
hcv (2 times)
SP (2 times)
2011 Cross-mating experiments with geographically different populations of Amblyomma cajennense (Acari: Ixodidae).
30  Radix Ophiopogonis
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
RG (2 times)
4NQO (1 time)
BFT (1 time)
1992 [A systematic study on comprehensive utilization of fibers of radix Ophiopogonis].
31  recent-onset
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
T1D (3 times)
iTregs (2 times)
LS (2 times)
2010 Inducible regulatory T cells (iTregs) from recent-onset type 1 diabetes subjects show increased in vitro suppression and higher ITCH levels compared with controls.
32  reduced-obese
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ANS (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
1985 Alterations in adipocyte free fatty acid re-esterification associated with obesity and weight reduction in man.
33  reproductive output
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
Go (1 time)
GSI (1 time)
SGR (1 time)
1990 Ecological and evolutionary importance of neighbors in the grass Anthoxanthum odoratum.
34  residual oil
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
DIE (2 times)
RD (2 times)
SN (2 times)
2005 PM source apportionment for short-term cardiac function changes in ApoE-/- mice.
35  Rieske non-heme iron oxygenase
(5 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
BBR (1 time)
FAD (1 time)
GB (1 time)
2005 Rieske business: structure-function of Rieske non-heme oxygenases.
36  Rieske oxygenase
(5 times)
Bacteriology
(2 times)
GST (1 time)
PCBs (1 time)
2006 Structural basis for regioselectivity and stereoselectivity of product formation by naphthalene 1,2-dioxygenase.
37  right-side-out
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
IO (5 times)
PG (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
1982 Exposure of the Rh0(D) antigen on the surface and cytoplasmic domains of the red cell membrane.
38  Response from Other
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
RS (4 times)
CCRT (3 times)
CT (1 time)
2000 The study on core conflictual relationship of short-term counseling.
39  responsible officer
(4 times)
Education
(2 times)
GMC (2 times)
CPD (1 time)
DBs (1 time)
2011 The implications of enhancing appraisal to meet the requirements of revalidation, as perceived by appraisers: a qualitative study in Scotland.
40  ring oscillator
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(4 times)
CMOS (2 times)
DNL (2 times)
CML (1 time)
2018 A Compact and Low Power RO PUF with High Resilience to the EM Side-Channel Attack and the SVM Modelling Attack of Wireless Sensor Networks.
41  risk organ
(4 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
LCH (3 times)
2-CdA (1 time)
AD-p (1 time)
2010 Outcome of pediatric patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis treated with 2 chlorodeoxyadenosine: a nationwide survey in Japan.
42  robust optimization
(4 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
IMPT (2 times)
PTV (2 times)
ARO (1 time)
2010 Prediction range estimation from noisy Raman spectra with robust optimization.
43  rosuvastatin
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BDL (1 time)
DOI (1 time)
EA (1 time)
2010 Effect of rosuvastatin on cholestasis-induced hepatic injury in rat livers.
44  round-off
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
CW (2 times)
ES (2 times)
vGRF (2 times)
2017 The influence of hand positions on biomechanical injury risk factors at the wrist joint during the round-off skills in female gymnastics.
45  random optimization
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ML (3 times)
VTE (2 times)
AUC-PR (1 time)
2017 Risk Assessment for Venous Thromboembolism in Chemotherapy-Treated Ambulatory Cancer Patients.
46  rapid oxidation
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CA (3 times)
CN (3 times)
OL (3 times)
2014 Influence of thermally oxidized vegetable oils and animal fats on growth performance, liver gene expression, and liver and serum cholesterol and triglycerides in young pigs.
47  reflective observation
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AC (3 times)
CE (3 times)
AE (2 times)
1996 Comparison of pediatric resident and faculty learning styles: implications for medical education.
48  replication organelle
(3 times)
Virology
(1 time)
DMVs (2 times)
CoV (1 time)
DMSs (1 time)
2018 Hepatitis C Virus Replication Depends on Endosomal Cholesterol Homeostasis.
49  replication origin
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
erm (1 time)
erm80 (1 time)
1982 Site-specific recA-independent recombination (fusion) of pMB8-related replicons in Escherichia coli in the region of the replication origins.
50  Reset osmostat
(3 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
SIADH (2 times)
UNa (2 times)
ADH (1 time)
2012 Normal fractional urate excretion identifies hyponatremic patients with reset osmostat.
51  retinol
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CASA (1 time)
DRR (1 time)
1987 Preliminary toxicity profile of arotinoids SMR-2 and SMR-6 in male B6D2F1 mice.
52  Rheum officinale
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AMA (1 time)
AME (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1993 [Effects of Rheum on renal hypertrophy and hyperfiltration of experimental diabetes in rat].
53  role overload
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
IS (1 time)
JI (1 time)
2016 Association between occupational stressors and type 2 diabetes among Chinese police officers: a 4-year follow-up study in Tianjin, China.
54  rolled oats
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ALF (1 time)
DF (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
1996 Effects of varying content of soluble dietary fibre from wheat flour and oat milling fractions on gastric emptying in pigs.
55  Romania
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PT (2 times)
ACB (1 time)
AMK (1 time)
2014 Resistance surveillance program report for selected European nations (2011).
56  romifidine
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
Gc (2 times)
HR (2 times)
Amp (1 time)
2002 The cardiopulmonary effects of romifidine in dogs with and without prior or concurrent administration of glycopyrrolate.
57  Rondonia State
(3 times)
Virology
(1 time)
hcv (2 times)
MCMC (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2011 Distribution of hepatitis c virus (hcv) genotypes in patients with chronic infection from Rondonia, Brazil.
58  rotenone
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AIF (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CUR (1 time)
2005 Rotenone-induced caspase 9/3-independent and -dependent cell death in undifferentiated and differentiated human neural stem cells.
59  Roundup Original
(3 times)
Biology
(3 times)
RT (2 times)
RWG (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
2016 Effects of glyphosate and the glyphosate based herbicides Roundup Original() and Roundup Transorb() on respiratory morphophysiology of bullfrog tadpoles.
60  rubber seed oil
(3 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
FO (3 times)
ALA (2 times)
CLA (1 time)
2016 Effectiveness of rubber seed oil and flaxseed oil to enhance the alpha-linolenic acid content in milk from dairy cows.
61  Rubus occidentalis
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
HRE (1 time)
LRE (1 time)
2016 Effect of Rubus Occidentalis Extract on Metabolic Parameters in Subjects with Prediabetes: A Proof-of-concept, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Clinical Trial.
62  Raffinose oligosaccharides
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
rhoNPGal (1 time)
2001 Characterization of alpha-galactosidases from germinating soybean seed and their use for hydrolysis of oligosaccharides.
63  Ramadan observance
(2 times)
Health
(1 time)
6MWT (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2019 Practical recommendations to improve sleep during Ramadan observance in healthy practitioners of physical activity.
64  range-only
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
SLAM (2 times)
SEIF (1 time)
UAS (1 time)
2014 An adaptive scheme for robot localization and mapping with dynamically configurable inter-beacon range measurements.
65  rapid onset
(2 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
ECP (1 time)
GO (1 time)
1975 Re-evaluation of a tilt-back seat as a means of increasing acceleration tolerance.
66  ray-optics
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
FDTD (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2005 Surface stress on the erythrocyte under laser irradiation with finite-difference time-domain calculation.
67  Reactive Orange
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AOP (1 time)
BDD (1 time)
HFCVD (1 time)
2011 Anodic oxidation of wastewater containing the Reactive Orange 16 Dye using heavily boron-doped diamond electrodes.
68  reactive oxidants
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
PMNL (2 times)
CB (1 time)
fMLP (1 time)
1988 Clofazimine-mediated enhancement of reactive oxidant production by human phagocytes as a possible therapeutic mechanism.
69  red ochre
(2 times)
COC (2 times)
FTIR (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2020 Application of Earth Pigments in Cycloolefin Copolymer: Protection against Combustion and Accelerated Aging in the Full Sunlight Spectrum.
70  reference object
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
LO (2 times)
2013 Object orientation affects spatial language comprehension.
71  refined olive oil
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
EVOO (2 times)
BHT (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
2015 Effect of an olive phenolic extract on the quality of vegetable oils during frying.
72  regurgitant orifice
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AITA (1 time)
Ao (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1993 [Ultrasonic evaluation of chronic aortic regurgitation. Personal investigations].
73  Reinke's oedema
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ECM (1 time)
RS (1 time)
TSH (1 time)
1991 Reinke's oedema and thyroid function.
74  reproductive organs
(2 times)
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
ELLSA (1 time)
EP (1 time)
1991 Lectin binding analysis of Argas polonicus tissue glycoproteins.
75  Research Object
(2 times)
Semantics
(1 time)
ISA (1 time)
NP (1 time)
2014 Structuring research methods and data with the research object model: genomics workflows as a case study.
76  respiratory quotient
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
INT (1 time)
LBD (1 time)
UBD (1 time)
1995 The Effects of Fat Distribution on Resting Energy Expenditure in Premenopausal Morbidly Obese Females.
77  response
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
Bz (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1993 [Combination of cisplatin-mitomycin-vindesine for inoperable, non-small-cell bronchial cancers. French study group in pneumo-cancerology].
78  responses
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1965 ACQUISITION OF OBSERVING RESPONSES (RO) WITH WATER REWARD.
79  restricted-open-shell
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HOMA (1 time)
2016 Restricted-Open-Shell G4(MP2)-Type Procedures.
80  Resuscitation Officers
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
ILS (1 time)
LMAs (1 time)
2004 Does attendance at an immediate life support course influence nurses' skill deployment during cardiac arrest?
81  rete ovarii
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
CK7 (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1997 Adenomas of the rete ovarii.
82  reticular opacity
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
FVC (2 times)
AQS (1 time)
CONS (1 time)
2013 Quantitative assessment of change in regional disease patterns on serial HRCT of fibrotic interstitial pneumonia with texture-based automated quantification system.
83  retinal oxime
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ARAT (1 time)
bR (1 time)
HA (1 time)
1988 Effect of zinc deficiency on hepatic enzymes regulating vitamin A status.
84  Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
BLO (1 time)
PLS (1 time)
2008 Regional cerebral blood flow correlates of visuospatial tasks in Alzheimer's disease.
85  Rhizopus oryzae
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
CB (1 time)
FA (1 time)
1995 The fumR gene encoding fumarase in the filamentous fungus Rhizopus oryzae: cloning, structure and expression.
86  Rieske-type oxygenase
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BACs (1 time)
BDMA (1 time)
BPDO (1 time)
2017 A Rieske-Type Oxygenase of Pseudomonas sp. BIOMIG1 Converts Benzalkonium Chlorides to Benzyldimethyl Amine.
87  right-oblique
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
LO (2 times)
FBA (1 time)
RH (1 time)
2013 Incomplete pulmonary fissures evaluated by volumetric thin-section CT: semi-quantitative evaluation for small fissure gaps identification, description of prevalence and severity of fissural defects.
88  rigid orthosis
(2 times)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
HB (2 times)
SO (2 times)
MCS (1 time)
2017 Spinal Orthoses: The Crucial Role of Comfort on Compliance of Wearing - Monocentric Prospective Pilot Study of Randomized Cross-Over Design.
89  ring-opening
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
PU (1 time)
PUF (1 time)
2007 Fragmentation of 3-hydroxyflavone; a computational and mass spectrometric study.
90  RO 15-1788
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
BZD (1 time)
CPP (1 time)
ICP (1 time)
1986 Clinical evaluation of a specific benzodiazepine antagonist (RO 15-1788). Studies in elderly patients after regional anaesthesia under benzodiazepine sedation.
91  RO 48-8071
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ALDH (1 time)
AR (1 time)
CSCs (1 time)
2014 Cholesterol synthesis inhibitor RO 48-8071 suppresses transcriptional activity of human estrogen and androgen receptor.
92  roadside area
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BU (2 times)
CL (2 times)
CU (2 times)
2010 Distribution and sources of DDTs in urban soils with six types of land use in Beijing, China.
93  roasted
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
GR (2 times)
COPs (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
2009 Effect of different cooking methods on lipid oxidation and formation of free cholesterol oxidation products (COPs) in Latissimus dorsi muscle of Iberian pigs.
94  robotic orthosis
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
MP (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2011 Synchronized walking coordination for impact-less footpad contact of an overground gait rehabilitation system: NaTUre-gaits.
95  rolandic operculum
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
ALE (1 time)
CCN (1 time)
dACC (1 time)
2017 Cortical Surface Thickness in the Middle-Aged Brain with White Matter Hyperintense Lesions.
96  Romanov
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
IF (1 time)
QFM (1 time)
1990 Comparisons of endocrinological and testis parameters in 18-month-old Ile de France and Romanov rams.
97  rose-oxide
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
DHDAB (1 time)
DHM (1 time)
2008 Impact of model perfumes on surfactant and mixed surfactant self-assembly.
98  rosemary essential oil
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
MIC and MBC (1 time)
2014 Carvacrol and rosemary oil at higher concentrations induce apoptosis in human hepatoma HepG2 cells.
99  rosemary extract
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
MP (1 time)
2005 Antioxidant properties of selected Oriental non-culinary/nutraceutical herb extracts as evaluated in raw and cooked meat.
100  rosemary oil
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
BA (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2012 Effects of Rosemary Oil (Rosmarinus officinalis) on the Shelf-Life of Minced Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) during Refrigerated Storage.