A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : RR

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : RR
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 3 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: RR
Appearance Frequency: 36172 time(s)
Long forms: 1458

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
relative risk
(18609 times)
Medicine
(2977 times)
CI (8622 times)
RCTs (1077 times)
OR (562 times)
1976 Occupation and Hodgkin's disease.
risk ratio
(7590 times)
Medicine
(3198 times)
CI (4790 times)
RCTs (1841 times)
MD (1252 times)
0 Efficacy of Electrical Stimulation of the Occipital Nerve in Intractable Primary Headache Disorders: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analyses.
rate ratio
(1937 times)
Epidemiology
(279 times)
CI (895 times)
OR (70 times)
BMI (49 times)
1983 Optical prophylaxis for environmental myopia: an epidemiological assessment of short-term effects.
respiratory rate
(1477 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(159 times)
HR (564 times)
VT (153 times)
MAP (110 times)
1975 Water diuresis from clonidine (catapres).
response rate
(1151 times)
Neoplasms
(826 times)
OS (457 times)
PFS (445 times)
NSCLC (160 times)
1981 Electrophysiological correlates of diurnal feeding rhythm disruption in rats.
relapsing-remitting
(635 times)
Neurology
(433 times)
MS (546 times)
SP (238 times)
PP (134 times)
1987 Reduction of circulating suppressor inducer T lymphocytes in the exacerbation phase of remitting-relapse multiple sclerosis.
resonance Raman
(434 times)
Biochemistry
(221 times)
DFT (28 times)
EPR (20 times)
MCD (15 times)
1977 Determination of ionization state by resonance Raman spectroscopy Sulfonamide binding to carbonic anhydrase.
ruthenium red
(278 times)
Physiology
(40 times)
SR (15 times)
CsA (9 times)
CB (8 times)
1968 Ultrastructure of the surfaces of cells infected with avian leukosis-sarcoma viruses.
ribonucleotide reductase
(259 times)
Neoplasms
(74 times)
HU (24 times)
HSV (18 times)
HSV-1 (12 times)
1984 Is ribonucleotide reductase in Ehrlich ascites mammary tumour cells the target of a growth inhibitor purified from bovine mammary gland?
10  response regulator
(185 times)
Microbiology
(48 times)
HK (81 times)
TCS (41 times)
TCSs (23 times)
1996 Three two-component signal-transduction systems interact for Pho regulation in Bacillus subtilis.
11  resistance ratio
(100 times)
Zoology
(31 times)
PBO (10 times)
LC (5 times)
MFO (5 times)
1991 Chlorpyrifos resistance in German cockroaches (Dictyoptera: Blatellidae) from restaurants.
12  relapse rate
(93 times)
Hematology
(42 times)
OS (43 times)
AML (24 times)
DFS (24 times)
1985 Are defaulters with paucibacillary leprosy a problem?
13  recurrence rate
(73 times)
General Surgery
(18 times)
OS (8 times)
CI (6 times)
DFS (6 times)
1984 Adriamycin instillations as recurrence prophylaxis in superficial urinary bladder cancer.
14  recovery rate
(63 times)
Orthopedics
(17 times)
JOA (16 times)
CSM (7 times)
MRI (7 times)
1981 Calculated recovery rates in severe head trauma.
15  R-R interval
(55 times)
Cardiology
(22 times)
HF (14 times)
HRV (12 times)
LF (10 times)
1985 Use of a computer in analysis of heart rate and blood pressure response to the Valsalva maneuver.
16  reversal reaction
(49 times)
Tropical Medicine
(22 times)
ENL (27 times)
MDT (6 times)
MB (5 times)
1986 Unilateral oedema of reversal reaction (RR) in borderline leprosy.
17  ridge regression
(40 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(10 times)
PLS (20 times)
PCR (15 times)
QSAR (5 times)
2002 Prediction of tissue-air partition coefficients: a comparison of structure-based and property-based methods.
18  recovery room
(34 times)
Anesthesiology
(21 times)
ICU (4 times)
OR (4 times)
VAS (3 times)
1981 Postoperative hypothermia in adults: relationship of age, anesthesia, and shivering to rewarming.
19  risk reduction
(34 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
CI (6 times)
RA (4 times)
AOR (3 times)
1998 Adapting an effective primary care provider STD/HIV prevention training programme.
20  reference range
(33 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
FT4 (3 times)
TSH (3 times)
anti-Tg (2 times)
1998 Applicability of the third-generation, thyroid-stimulating hormone assay in pregnancy.
21  regional recurrence
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
LR (14 times)
DM (12 times)
OS (10 times)
1995 Detection of loco-regional recurrence after breast-conserving surgery and radiotherapy.
22  relative recovery
(32 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(16 times)
RSD (5 times)
GC-MS (4 times)
RL (4 times)
1989 Preferential loss of Leu 8-, CD45R, HLA-DR+ CD8 cell subsets during in vitro culture of mononuclear cells from human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV)-seropositive former blood donors.
23  Relative Risks
(32 times)
Medicine
(13 times)
CI (13 times)
NNT (4 times)
OR (3 times)
1983 Dark tobacco and lung cancer in Cuba.
24  recurrence
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
CI (7 times)
OS (4 times)
HCC (3 times)
1998 [A clinical report of high-dose epirubicin combined with cyclophosphamide and fluorouracil for advanced breast cancer].
25  relaxation response
(30 times)
Complementary Therapies
(9 times)
MGH (3 times)
HIV/AIDS (2 times)
HPLP-II (2 times)
1981 Autonomic responses to stress: the effects of progressive relaxation, the relaxation response, and expectancy of relief.
26  remission rate
(30 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
AR (4 times)
OS (4 times)
CR (3 times)
1996 Impact of biological clearance on tumor radioresponsiveness.
27  righting reflex
(30 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
NPS (4 times)
SM (4 times)
HR (3 times)
1983 Assessment of anaesthetic action of morphine and fentanyl in rats.
28  reverse remodeling
(27 times)
Cardiology
(20 times)
LV (16 times)
CRT (15 times)
CMR (6 times)
2006 Usefulness of ventricular longitudinal contractility assessed by Doppler tissue imaging in the prediction of reverse remodeling in patients with severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction.
29  Ross River
(27 times)
Biology
(8 times)
BF (6 times)
KUN (4 times)
MVE (4 times)
1983 The exanthem of Ross River virus infection: histology, location of virus antigen and nature of inflammatory infiltrate.
30  random regression
(25 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(17 times)
MT (5 times)
DIM (3 times)
EBV (3 times)
2001 Genetic modelling of test day records in dairy sheep using orthogonal Legendre polynomials.
31  reverse redistribution
(25 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(15 times)
AMI (5 times)
SPECT (4 times)
CAD (3 times)
1981 Reverse redistribution: worsening of thallium-201 myocardial images from exercise to redistribution.
32  Roundup Ready
(25 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
PCR (6 times)
GM (5 times)
AMPA (1 time)
1999 [Food additives and genetically modified food--a risk for allergic patients?].
33  resolution recovery
(24 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(10 times)
SPECT (9 times)
OSEM (7 times)
AC (4 times)
2001 Clinical impact of combination of scatter, attenuation correction, and depth-dependent resolution recovery for (201)Tl studies.
34  relative response
(23 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(14 times)
MLC (13 times)
GVHD (7 times)
HTC (2 times)
1977 Mixed lymphocyte reaction and graft survival in forty cadaveric renal transplants.
35  repeat revascularization
(21 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
MI (8 times)
PCI (7 times)
CABG (5 times)
1997 Steady-state captopril renography: continuous monitoring of the captopril-induced increase in 99mTc-MAG3 mean parenchymal transit time in renovascular hypertension.
36  random ratio
(20 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(7 times)
RI (10 times)
FI (2 times)
IRTs (2 times)
1963 Random interval schedules of reinforcement.
37  relative risk of death
(20 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
AChE (5 times)
CI (4 times)
OPCs (4 times)
1991 Flow cytometric DNA index in the prognosis of colorectal cancer.
38  Risk Ratios
(20 times)
Medicine
(10 times)
CI (8 times)
RCTs (5 times)
AED (2 times)
1997 The association of respiratory problems in a community sample with self-reported chemical intolerance.
39  root resorption
(20 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
CI (3 times)
PN (3 times)
CBCT (2 times)
1979 Net photosynthesis, root respiration, and regrowth of Bouteloua gracilis following simulated grazing.
40  radioresistant
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
RS (9 times)
RT (6 times)
EMT (5 times)
1995 Abnormal pattern of post-gamma-ray DNA replication in radioresistant fibroblast strains from affected members of a cancer-prone family with Li-Fraumeni syndrome.
41  R wave to R wave
(17 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
HRV (7 times)
rMSSD (4 times)
HF (3 times)
1996 Augmentation of parasympathetic nerve function in patients with extrinsic bronchial asthma--evaluation by coefficiency of variance of R-R interval with modified long-term ECG monitoring system.
42  reference region
(17 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(9 times)
AIF (6 times)
DCE-MRI (6 times)
TOI (5 times)
2005 Quantitative pharmacokinetic analysis of DCE-MRI data without an arterial input function: a reference region model.
43  renin release
(17 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
TcAMPc (3 times)
AC-cAMP (1 time)
AII (1 time)
1975 Relationship between perfusion pressure and renin release in the isolated rat kidney.
44  relative risk estimates
(16 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CI (5 times)
CIs (4 times)
NSAIDs (2 times)
1986 Mental health care in Southern Italy: application of case-control methodology for the evaluation of the impact of the 1978 psychiatric reform.
45  reticulorumen
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
MRT (6 times)
GIT (4 times)
ROO (2 times)
1980 Relationships between eating rate of sheep and live weight gain, weight and fill of the gastrointestinal tract.
46  rifampicin-resistant
(16 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
TB (6 times)
MDR (5 times)
RS (4 times)
2002 [Molecular genetic methods for the detection of rifampicin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains].
47  relapsed/refractory
(15 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
ND (5 times)
AML (3 times)
CLL (3 times)
2013 The mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, and clinical efficacy of carfilzomib for the treatment of multiple myeloma.
48  relative mortality risk
(15 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
CI (3 times)
ESRD (3 times)
HD (3 times)
1992 Comorbid conditions and correlations with mortality risk among 3,399 incident hemodialysis patients.
49  rectus resection
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
BLR (4 times)
HCC (3 times)
OS (3 times)
2003 Costs and benefits of intraoperative MR-guided brain tumor resection.
50  regulatory region
(14 times)
Virology
(5 times)
PML (5 times)
JCV (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
1998 Transplacental transmission of human polyomavirus BK.
51  Rehmanniae Radix
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
AR (4 times)
ECM (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2011 Transcriptional profiling of human skin fibroblast cell line Hs27 induced by herbal formula Astragali Radix and Rehmanniae Radix.
52  relapse risk
(14 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
OS (9 times)
AML (7 times)
DFS (4 times)
2001 The predictive value of hierarchical cytogenetic classification in older adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML): analysis of 1065 patients entered into the United Kingdom Medical Research Council AML11 trial.
53  repeatedly reactive
(14 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
EIA (5 times)
HCV (3 times)
HIV (3 times)
1988 Detection of antibodies to human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1).
54  risk of mortality
(14 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
RRs (6 times)
CVD (4 times)
RCTs (4 times)
2008 Betel nut chewing is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in Taiwanese men.
55  risk of stroke
(14 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
CI (5 times)
CHD (3 times)
CVD (3 times)
2011 Potassium intake, stroke, and cardiovascular disease a meta-analysis of prospective studies.
56  rotarod
(14 times)
Psychopharmacology
(3 times)
MWM (4 times)
EPM (3 times)
OF (3 times)
1983 Tolerance and cross-tolerance to central nervous system depressants after chronic pentobarbital or chronic methaqualone administration.
57  radiation-resistant
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
RS (5 times)
WT (2 times)
ATM (1 time)
1997 Transcription and activity of antioxidant enzymes after ionizing irradiation in radiation-resistant and radiation-sensitive mice.
58  recall rate
(13 times)
Radiology
(7 times)
CDR (7 times)
DR (5 times)
DM (4 times)
1998 Endoscopic perforator vein division with ablation of superficial reflux improves venous hemodynamics.
59  residual risk
(13 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
HIV (5 times)
HCV (4 times)
HBsAg (3 times)
2006 [Safety of the blood supply in Mexico from 1999 to 2003].
60  Radix Rehmanniae
(12 times)
Complementary Therapies
(6 times)
RA (8 times)
BSYQT (2 times)
HE (2 times)
2008 [Effect of Herba Epimedil Brevicornus and prepared Radix Rehmannia on glucocorticoid receptor in glucocorticoid receptor down-regulated rats].
61  rapid response
(12 times)
Therapeutics
(3 times)
ACGT (1 time)
BED (1 time)
BT.R (1 time)
1994 Corticosteroid rescue treatment of progressive fibroproliferation in late ARDS. Patterns of response and predictors of outcome.
62  renal resistance
(12 times)
Transplantation
(5 times)
DGF (4 times)
HMP (4 times)
MAP (3 times)
1986 [Effect of inhibition of angiotensin converting enzyme on hypertension following kidney transplantation].
63  revascularization
(12 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
MACE (8 times)
CI (7 times)
PCI (6 times)
2013 Outcomes after complete versus incomplete revascularization of patients with multivessel coronary artery disease: a meta-analysis of 89,883 patients enrolled in randomized clinical trials and observational studies.
64  recombination rate
(11 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
BER (4 times)
NER (4 times)
MMR (2 times)
2002 Error-free recombinational repair predominates over mutagenic translesion replication in E. coli.
65  rectification ratio
(11 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
AFM (1 time)
D-sigma-A (1 time)
DHT (1 time)
2002 Effects of dihydrotestosterone on cardiac inward rectifier K(+) current.
66  refractory
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
MM (4 times)
OS (4 times)
PFS (4 times)
2012 Treatment with lenalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with multiple myeloma and renal impairment.
67  relative reduction
(11 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
PCI (3 times)
IS (2 times)
ADP (1 time)
1995 Differential effect of age on metabolisable energy content of high protein-low energy and low protein-high energy diets in young broiler chicks.
68  rods and rings
(11 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
IMPDH2 (6 times)
HCV (5 times)
CTPS1 (3 times)
2011 Induction of cytoplasmic rods and rings structures by inhibition of the CTP and GTP synthetic pathway in mammalian cells.
69  radical resection
(10 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
LR (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
APR (1 time)
2004 Multimodal management of stages III-IVa malignant thymoma.
70  respiratory
(10 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
HR (7 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
BD (1 time)
1999 Physiologic stability of newborns during cup- and bottle-feeding.
71  respiratory rehabilitation
(10 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
COPD (3 times)
LVRS (3 times)
6MWT (1 time)
2000 Reduction pneumoplasty versus respiratory rehabilitation in severe emphysema: a randomized study. Pulmonary Emphysema Research Group.
72  refractory or relapsed
(9 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
CR (4 times)
MM (3 times)
OS (3 times)
2006 Therapeutic results in patients with relapsed diffuse large B cell Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma achieving complete response only after autologous stem cell transplantation.
73  repeat-reactive
(9 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
PCR (3 times)
ELISA (2 times)
HCV (2 times)
1993 Hepatitis C virus in blood samples from volunteer donors.
74  residential rehabilitation
(9 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(7 times)
ATOS (4 times)
MT (4 times)
DTX (3 times)
2004 Attempted suicide among entrants to three treatment modalities for heroin dependence in the Australian Treatment Outcome Study (ATOS): prevalence and risk factors.
75  resistance-related
(9 times)
Botany
(6 times)
FHB (7 times)
D3G (3 times)
DON (3 times)
2010 Mass spectrometry-based metabolomics application to identify quantitative resistance-related metabolites in barley against Fusarium head blight.
76  ring resonator
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
CMS (1 time)
CMT (1 time)
CWDM (1 time)
2006 Berry's phase amplification by a ring resonator.
77  risk of relapse
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AML (3 times)
CI (3 times)
DFS (3 times)
1989 Recent trends in allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.
78  rapid review
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
FN (2 times)
SIL (2 times)
2000 Detection of false negative Pap smears by rapid reviewing. A metaanalysis.
79  removal rate
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
FR (2 times)
APW (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
2006 Removal of pharmaceuticals in sewage treatment plants in Italy.
80  renal failure
(8 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AMI (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1995 Prosthetic valve endocarditis in the ICU. Prognostic factors of overall survival in a series of 122 cases and consequences for treatment decision.
81  repeated reading
(8 times)
Psychology, Educational
(4 times)
AUCi (1 time)
CBM (1 time)
EM (1 time)
1997 The effect of the method of repeated readings on the reading rate and word recognition accuracy of deaf adolescents.
82  reporter responsive
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
RU (8 times)
BC (4 times)
SRR2 (4 times)
2014 YB-1 regulates Sox2 to coordinately sustain stemness and tumorigenic properties in a phenotypically distinct subset of breast cancer cells.
83  Rhodiola rosea
(8 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AST (1 time)
CPK (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2005 Cordyceps sinensis- and Rhodiola rosea-based supplementation in male cyclists and its effect on muscle tissue oxygen saturation.
84  risk of all-cause mortality
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
CI (6 times)
PCI (4 times)
STEMI (3 times)
2015 Efficacy and safety of angiotensin receptor blockers in older patients: a meta-analysis of randomized trials.
85  rapid recovery
(7 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
AEs (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
CCI (1 time)
2015 Rapid recovery protocols for primary total hip arthroplasty can safely reduce length of stay without increasing readmissions.
86  Rapid rescreening
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ASCUS (3 times)
Pap (2 times)
QC (2 times)
2004 Rapid rescreening of cervical smears by cytopathologists: experience at a WHO collaborating centre for research in cytology.
87  rate-responsive
(7 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
6MWT (1 time)
ACSM (1 time)
AF (1 time)
1989 Symptomatology and quality of life in patients with rate-responsive pacemakers: a double-blind, randomized, crossover study.
88  red rubber
(7 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
PVC (6 times)
Si (3 times)
DLTs (1 time)
1986 Incendiary characteristics of a new laser-resistant endotracheal tube.
89  referral rate
(7 times)
Epidemiology
(2 times)
GPs (4 times)
PHC (2 times)
SHC (2 times)
2007 Adjusted Clinical Groups use as a measure of the referrals efficiency from primary care to specialized in Spain.
90  repeated restraint
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
CVS (2 times)
HPA (2 times)
PVN (2 times)
1999 Vasopressin and corticotropin-releasing hormone gene responses to novel stress in rats adapted to repeated restraint.
91  respiratory frequency
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
COPD (2 times)
HR (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
1997 Total energy expenditure in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia is associated with respiratory status.
92  reward responsiveness
(7 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
BAS (1 time)
ERPs (1 time)
FRN (1 time)
2010 Event-related components of the punishment and reward sensitivity.
93  rigid registration
(7 times)
Radiotherapy
(5 times)
CBCT (3 times)
CBCTs (2 times)
CTV (2 times)
2011 Image registration of pre-procedural MRI and intra-procedural CT images to aid CT-guided percutaneous cryoablation of renal tumors.
94  risk factor
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CI (4 times)
BP (1 time)
GERD (1 time)
1987 Early onset pneumonia: a multicenter study in intensive care units.
95  risk of non-vascular death
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ACS (2 times)
CI (2 times)
AF (1 time)
1996 Incidence, natural history and cardiovascular events in symptomatic and asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease in the general population.
96  root replacement
(7 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
AR (2 times)
CR (2 times)
SC (2 times)
1994 Medium-term follow-up of pulmonary autograft replacement of aortic valves in children.
97  rural areas
(7 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
RRs (2 times)
BDs (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2011 Perinatal mortality in eastern Uganda: a community based prospective cohort study.
98  recovery
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
ACSC (1 time)
ACSCRR (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2009 [Factors influencing engraftment in hematological patients after human leukocyte antigen matched sibling allogeneic blood and marrow transplantation].
99  reduced-reference
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
IQA (5 times)
HVS (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
2006 A convolutional neural network approach for objective video quality assessment.
100  regioregularity
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
NWs (2 times)
P3HT (2 times)
RRa (2 times)
2008 Polaron dynamics of heavily doped regioregular and regiorandom poly(3-alkylthiophenes) revealed by electron spin resonance spectroscopy.