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Abbreviation: RU
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Long forms: 156

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
relative units
(51 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
FGF23 (9 times)
ELISA (3 times)
RT-PCR (3 times)
1985 Comparison of sensory and pain threshold in tooth pulp stimulation in normotensive man and essential hypertension.
research utilization
(36 times)
Nursing
(12 times)
EBP (6 times)
LOS (4 times)
HR (3 times)
1996 Research utilization: once-a-day temperatures for afebrile patients.
renal units
(34 times)
Urology
(20 times)
VUR (7 times)
PCNL (3 times)
DRF (2 times)
1990 ESWL monotherapy for large stones and staghorn calculi.
resistance units
(33 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
SPR (7 times)
BP (3 times)
Ab (2 times)
1976 Hypothalamic and thalamic blood flow during somatic afferent stimulation in dogs.
rutin
(23 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
QU (9 times)
GA (4 times)
KA (3 times)
1991 Quercetin and rutin as inhibitors of azoxymethanol-induced colonic neoplasia.
residual urine
(22 times)
Urology
(6 times)
IPSS (7 times)
BPH (5 times)
QOL (3 times)
1983 [Radionuclide assessment of urodynamics and kidney function in prostatic sclerosis patients (before and after surgery)].
rugby union
(17 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
RL (7 times)
ARF (3 times)
CHO (2 times)
2005 Spinal cord injuries in Australian footballers 1997-2002.
reference units
(12 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
FGF23 (7 times)
AMD (1 time)
beta2GPI (1 time)
1979 Production of interferon by human tumor cell lines.
reporter unresponsive
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
RR (8 times)
SRR2 (5 times)
BC (4 times)
2014 YB-1 regulates Sox2 to coordinately sustain stemness and tumorigenic properties in a phenotypically distinct subset of breast cancer cells.
10  repeat unit
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CPS (2 times)
CSS (1 time)
FSHD (1 time)
1986 Neurospora crassa ribosomal DNA: sequence of internal transcribed spacer and comparison with N. intermedia and N. sitophila.
11  RelyX Unicem
(8 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
MC (2 times)
10-MDP (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
2006 Load-fatigue performance of gold crowns luted with resin cements.
12  repeating unit
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
CPS (5 times)
PS (2 times)
Glcalpha-PP-lipid (1 time)
1998 Streptococcus pneumoniae type 14 polysaccharide-conjugate vaccines: length stabilization of opsonophagocytic conformational polysaccharide epitopes.
13  regulatory unit
(7 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
sTnC (2 times)
cTnT (1 time)
MHC (1 time)
2001 Myofilament kinetics in isometric twitch dynamics.
14  repopulating units
(7 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
PHSC (3 times)
BALB (2 times)
BMC (1 time)
1998 Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor enhances bone marrow stem cell damage caused by repeated administration of cytotoxic agents.
15  right upper
(6 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
RL (3 times)
LL (2 times)
LU (2 times)
1996 Case of a parathyroidectomized patient observed longitudinally by ultrasonography. Relationship between the growth rates and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor contents in the parathyroid glands.
16  radiopharmaceutical uptake
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
IRU (2 times)
CL (1 time)
DDFT (1 time)
2003 The sacroiliac joints: evaluation using nuclear scintigraphy. Part 1: The normal horse.
17  radioulnar
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
DV (1 time)
FE (1 time)
FPL (1 time)
2000 [Rheumatoid arthritis of the wrist with adult onset].
18  rat uterus
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
BK (5 times)
GPI (4 times)
HUV (2 times)
1992 A new class of bradykinin antagonists: synthesis and in vitro activity of bissuccinimidoalkane peptide dimers.
19  recurrent ulcer
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
ECRT (3 times)
BAO (2 times)
DU (2 times)
1998 The relationship of Helicobacter pylori colonization, the serum pepsinogen A level, and gastric resection.
20  response unit
(5 times)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
SPR (4 times)
alpha 1-AT (1 time)
CAPE (1 time)
2002 Surface plasmon resonance (BIACORE) detection of serum antibodies against Salmonella enteritidis and Salmonella typhimurium.
21  running
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
SD (2 times)
AC (1 time)
ApEn (1 time)
2010 Muscle adaptations and performance enhancements of soccer training for untrained men.
22  Russian
(5 times)
Anthropology
(1 time)
ACB (1 time)
AE (1 time)
AMK (1 time)
2004 N-Terminal segment of potato virus X coat protein subunits is glycosylated and mediates formation of a bound water shell on the virion surface.
23  ratio unit
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
HBsAg (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
BNP (1 time)
1981 Presence and meaning of anti-HBc IgM as determined by ELISA in patients with acute type B hepatitis and healthy HBsAg carriers.
24  rehabilitation unit
(4 times)
Physical Medicine
(3 times)
FIM (2 times)
DRG (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
1990 The evolution of an acute care hospital unit to a DRG-exempt rehabilitation unit. A preliminary communication.
25  replication unit
(4 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
rAAV2 (2 times)
BCC (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1988 DNA replication fork progression rate and temporal organization of S phase in normal epidermis and in basal cell carcinoma.
26  residual urine volume
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
IPSS (2 times)
MFR (2 times)
BOO (1 time)
1992 [The use of a metallic stent in 32 patients with benign prostatic hypertrophy. Preliminary results and 3 months of follow-up].
27  recurrent urticaria
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AD (2 times)
COPD (1 time)
IDT (1 time)
2001 Results of intradermal tests in horses without atopy and horses with atopic dermatitis or recurrent urticaria.
28  Rematitan Ultra
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
RP (3 times)
CA (2 times)
RE (2 times)
2010 The effect of coating patterns with spinel-based investment on the castability and porosity of titanium cast into three phosphate-bonded investments.
29  renal uptake
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
CL (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
XKH (1 time)
1992 Comparison of Tl-201 renal uptake with Tc-99m DTPA angiorenography in patients with hypertension. Measures of renal asymmetry.
30  research units
(3 times)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
ACD (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CREC (1 time)
1996 [Network of research units and primary health care].
31  respiratory unit
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 2006 A retrospective survey of outpatients with long-term tracheostomy.
32  Roundup Full II
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CYP (2 times)
END (2 times)
PANZ (2 times)
2017 Micronuclei and other nuclear abnormalities on Caiman latirostris (Broad-snouted caiman) hatchlings after embryonic exposure to different pesticide formulations.
33  ruminal undegraded fraction
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
aa (2 times)
CP (2 times)
DM (2 times)
2014 Effects of the comminution rate and microbial contamination of particles in the rumen on in situ estimates of protein and amino acid digestion of expeller palm kernel and rapeseed meal.
34  rutin equivalent
(3 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
GAE (2 times)
BC (1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
2011 Antioxidant, antimicrobial and antiproliferative activities of five lichen species.
35  reanimation unit
(2 times)
Disaster Medicine
(1 time)
PN (1 time)
2006 Reanimation Unit experience of a second-level hospital in Mexico City.
36  receiving unit
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AM (2 times)
BVDV (2 times)
p.i (2 times)
2012 Weaning management of newly received beef calves with or without continuous exposure to a persistently infected bovine viral diarrhea virus pen mate: effects on health, performance, bovine viral diarrhea virus titers, and peripheral blood leukocytes.
37  recent U uptake
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
EU (2 times)
ED (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
1993 ESR dating tooth enamel from the Paleolithic site at Longola, Zambia.
38  recovery unit
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
OT (1 time)
SA (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2001 Two percent lidocaine spinal anaesthesia compared with sevoflurane anaesthesia in ambulatory knee surgery - cost-effectiveness, home readiness and recovery profiles.
39  recto-urethral
(2 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
ARM (2 times)
BM (1 time)
EO (1 time)
2013 Nonclosure of rectourethral fistula during posterior sagittal anorectoplasty: Our experience.
40  recurrent unipolar
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
SE (2 times)
ANCOVAs (1 time)
MANCOVAs (1 time)
1995 Electroencephalographic sleep profiles in single-episode and recurrent unipolar forms of major depression: I. Comparison during acute depressive states.
41  relative humidity
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
CCT (1 time)
SCS (1 time)
TCT (1 time)
2012 [Temperature and humidity in the storage area of sterile materials: a literature review].
42  renoureteral units
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 2007 Modified Mainz pouch II (Sigma Rectum pouch) urinary diversion: 12 years experience.
43  Repbase Update
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
TEs (1 time)
2008 Improved detection and annotation of transposable elements in sequenced genomes using multiple reference sequence sets.
44  resin uptake
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
FTI (1 time)
SAT (1 time)
T3RIA (1 time)
1982 "Symptomless" autoimmune thyroiditis in depression.
45  restraint use
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
MVC (2 times)
TI (2 times)
1998 The accuracy of medical records and police reports in determining motor vehicle crash characteristics.
46  retrograde urography
(2 times)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
EU (1 time)
IVU (1 time)
MDCT (1 time)
1994 Clinical evaluation of a renal mass diagnostic expert system.
47  rheumatology unit
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
GM (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2007 A rheumatology consultancy program with general practitioners in Catalonia, Spain.
48  right unilateral
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
BF (2 times)
BT (2 times)
ECT (2 times)
1990 Electrode placement in ECT: cognitive effects.
49  right upper lobectomy
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LL (2 times)
LU (2 times)
RL (2 times)
2005 [Changing pattern of the respiratory function associated with resected lung lobe].
50  Roundup Ultra
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
GBH (1 time)
2002 Effect of roundup ultra on microbial activity and biomass from selected soils.
51  RU-38486
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
ANXA1 (1 time)
BLA (1 time)
2014 Alterations in the profile of blood neutrophil membrane receptors caused by in vivo adrenocorticotrophic hormone actions.
52  RU:NCS
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DES (1 time)
EB (1 time)
1979 Adenosis-like lesions and other cervicovaginal abnormalities in mice treated perinatally with estrogen.
53  rumen
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AB (1 time)
ACA (1 time)
Calb9k (1 time)
2010 Influence of different calcium supplies and a single vitamin D injection on vitamin D receptor and calbindin D9k immunoreactivities in the gastrointestinal tract of goat kids.
54  Rutgers
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
hl (1 time)
HPL (1 time)
2012 Role of trichomes in defense against herbivores: comparison of herbivore response to woolly and hairless trichome mutants in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum).
55  radial-ulnar
(1 time)
Wrist
(1 time)
DT (1 time)
FE (1 time)
2016 The Role of Dynamic (4D) CT in the Detection of Scapholunate Ligament Injury.
56  radiography unit
(1 time)
Drug Resistance, Microbial
(1 time)
ABHR (1 time)
HCA (1 time)
HCW (1 time)
2016 A quasi-experimental study to determine the effects of a multifaceted educational intervention on hand hygiene compliance in a radiography unit.
57  radioiodine uptake
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
DI (1 time)
LID (1 time)
UIC (1 time)
2016 Efficacy of Dietitian-instructed Low Iodine Diet for Radioiodine Remnant Tissue Ablation for Thyroid Cancer.
58  Radiopharmacy Unit
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
PETL (1 time)
RC (1 time)
2006 [Influence of radioactive concentration and storage time on radiochemical purity of 18F-FDG].
59  random undersampling
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
ROI (1 time)
2015 Computer-aided lung nodule recognition by SVM classifier based on combination of random undersampling and SMOTE.
60  randomized urinary
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
PIH (1 time)
SFE 3 (1 time)
1991 [Fetal well-being monitoring: comparison between a new method of serum estriol assaying and determination of urinary estriol/creatinine].
61  rapid, unbuffered
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
RB (1 time)
SB (1 time)
SU (1 time)
1998 Pain of local anesthetics: rate of administration and buffering.
62  Rast Units
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
QA (1 time)
QC (1 time)
RC (1 time)
1991 External quality assessment programme for in vitro allergy tests: ISS/CNR scheme--the first one organized in Europe by government--and European scheme "Galileo".
63  rat urothelial
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
CM-RU (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
RS (1 time)
1990 Stimulation of stromal cell growth by normal rat urothelial cell-derived epidermal growth factor.
64  rates of glucose utilization
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
GIP (1 time)
IRI (1 time)
1986 Gastric inhibitory polypeptide responses and glucose turnover rates after natural meals in type II diabetic patients.
65  ratio between the two groups
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
UT (1 time)
1991 Plasma lipid and lipoprotein profile in elderly female runners.
66  ratiometric units
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
HF (1 time)
TA (1 time)
2009 Spontaneous calcium release in tissue from the failing canine heart.
67  Raw utilization
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
AU (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2003 Inclusion of turnover time does not influence identification of surgical services that over- and underutilize allocated block time.
68  Reactive Uncontrol
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
Ss (1 time)
WI (1 time)
1991 Heart rate, anxiety, anger, and arousal reactions to enforced time-wasting: dependence on reactive uncontrol, work involvement, and dominance factors of 'type A'.
69  Realtime ultrasonic
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BCTPC (1 time)
BIA (1 time)
FFL (1 time)
1996 Assessment of lamb carcass composition from live animal measurement of bioelectrical impedance or ultrasonic tissue depths.
70  receiver unit
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
TU (1 time)
2013 Leadless pacing using induction technology: impact of pulse shape and geometric factors on pacing efficiency.
71  receptor units
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1992 [Effect of extremely high-frequency electromagnetic radiation on the function of skin sensory endings].
72  recognition unit
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
SNP (1 time)
SU (1 time)
2017 Prototropically Allosteric Probe for Superbly Selective DNA Analysis.
73  reconstruction unit
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DVH (1 time)
EUD (1 time)
NTCP (1 time)
2007 Incidence of late rectal bleeding in high-dose conformal radiotherapy of prostate cancer using equivalent uniform dose-based and dose-volume-based normal tissue complication probability models.
74  Record Uniqueness
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Method to assess identifiability in electronic data files.
75  recreational use
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MRV (1 time)
OE (1 time)
2015 A comparison of injuries sustained from recreational compared to organized motorized vehicle use in children.
76  rectum, the 'rectourethral
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
PB (1 time)
2018 Architecture of structures in the urogenital triangle of young adult males; comparison with females.
77  reflectometer units
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 1996 A new method for assessing the gloss of human skin.
78  refluxing units
(1 time)
Male Urogenital Diseases
(1 time)
ACP (1 time)
ECVUR (1 time)
UR (1 time)
2015 Outcomes of a minimally invasive surgical approach to manage persistent high-grade vesicoureteric reflux post successful augmentation cystoplasty of patients with non-compliant bladder.
79  refluyents units
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
VUR (1 time)
1991 [Urodynamic study of bladder dysfunction in recurrent vesico-ureteral reflux].
80  refrigerated urine
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
BDU (1 time)
1983 Comparison of the B-D urine culture kit with a standard culture method and with the MS-2.
81  regional paediatric surgical unit
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DGH (1 time)
2010 Comparison of childhood appendicitis management in the regional paediatric surgery unit and the district general hospital.
82  regular tobacco use
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
ND (1 time)
2011 A population-based twin study of the genetic and environmental relationship of major depression, regular tobacco use and nicotine dependence.
83  regular units
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ADL (1 time)
SCU (1 time)
2004 Use of constraints and their correlates in Norwegian nursing homes.
84  regular users
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AUD (1 time)
HDHF (1 time)
HDLF (1 time)
2014 Drinking patterns and alcohol use disorders in Sao Paulo, Brazil: the role of neighborhood social deprivation and socioeconomic status.
85  reimplanted ureter as IAFG
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
AU (1 time)
IAFG (1 time)
NIAFG (1 time)
1995 Experimental study of ureteral free grafts. I. Surgical findings in transplanted and abandoned ureter.
86  relative U
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
mRNA (1 time)
NPY (1 time)
1999 Leptin and neuropeptide Y gene expression in human placenta: ontogeny and evidence for similarities to hypothalamic regulation.
87  relative uniformity
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ARB (1 time)
FRB (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2015 Optimization and comparison of two practical dual-tuned birdcage configurations for quantitative assessment of articular cartilage with sodium magnetic resonance imaging.
88  relative uptake
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
DMSA (1 time)
ECD (1 time)
UTI (1 time)
2018 Prediction of vesicoureteral reflux in children with febrile urinary tract infection using relative uptake and cortical defect in DMSA scan.
89  relatively unpolluted
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
GI (1 time)
1979 Relationship of microbial indicators to health effects at marine bathing beaches.
90  RelyXTM Ultimate
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
ML (1 time)
MP (1 time)
2017 Effect of Decontamination and Cleaning on the Shear Bond Strength of High Translucency Zirconia.
91  remediation units
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EU (1 time)
2003 Selective remediation of contaminated sites using a two-level multiphase strategy and geostatistics.
92  Remote Ultrasound
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2013 Image quality in real-time teleultrasound of infant hip exam over low-bandwidth internet links: a transatlantic feasibility study.
93  renal and urological
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
AKI (1 time)
THA (1 time)
2016 Serious renal and urological complications in fast-track primary total hip and knee arthroplasty; a detailed observational cohort study.
94  renal ultrasonography
(1 time)
Kidney Diseases
(1 time)
ICC (1 time)
ICVUR (1 time)
SFU (1 time)
2016 Increasing the Reliability of the Grading System for Voiding Cystourethrograms Using Ultrasonography: An Inter-Rater Comparison.
95  renal uptake value
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2004 Synthesis, biodistribution and quantitative structure-activity relationship studies of new 99mTc labeled pseudo-peptide complexes.
96  rennet units
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2000 Evaluation of the effect of rennet type on casein proteolysis in an ovine milk cheese by means of capillary electrophoresis.
97  repeated units
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
FSHD (1 time)
2018 Digenic Inheritance of Shortened Repeat Units of the D4Z4 Region and a Loss-of-Function Variant in SMCHD1 in a Family With FSHD.
98  Report Use
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
AYH (1 time)
CPP (1 time)
1989 Fottler-Smith: theory of evaluating the effectiveness of nursing home administrators: an empirical analysis of determining dominant factors.
99  reported use
(1 time)
Medicine, Traditional
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
RI (1 time)
2018 Uses and importance of wild fungi: traditional knowledge from the Tshopo province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
100  research use
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
EBP (1 time)
2011 Dental hygienists' research utilization: influence of context and attitudes.