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Abbreviation: Rd
Appearance Frequency: 291 time(s)
Long forms: 84

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
rubredoxin
(34 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
NROR (4 times)
Cp (3 times)
Pf (3 times)
1986 Hydrogen-1 nuclear magnetic resonance investigation of Clostridium pasteurianum rubredoxin: previously unobserved signals.
rate of disappearance
(33 times)
Physiology
(12 times)
Ra (21 times)
MCR (5 times)
EGP (4 times)
1975 Estimation of cyclic AMP turnover in normal and methylprednisolone-treated dogs: effect of catecholamines.
dark respiration rate
(32 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
Pn (15 times)
LCP (12 times)
LSP (12 times)
1998 Relationships of leaf dark respiration to leaf nitrogen, specific leaf area and leaf life-span: a test across biomes and functional groups.
dark respiration
(31 times)
Botany
(15 times)
Pn (5 times)
Ci (4 times)
LSP (4 times)
1978 An empirical model for estimating CO2 exchange of Bouteloua gracilis (H.B.K.) Lag. in the shortgrass prairie.
disappearance rate
(21 times)
Metabolism
(11 times)
Ra (3 times)
CHO (2 times)
EGP (2 times)
1985 Gliclazide therapy is associated with potentiation of postbinding insulin action in obese, non-insulin-dependent diabetic subjects.
rate of glucose disappearance
(20 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
Ra (7 times)
EGP (4 times)
GK (2 times)
1984 Hepatosplanchnic insulin kinetics in awake endotoxemic Yucatan minipigs: the "misinformed B-cell" hypothesis revisited.
disposal rate
(14 times)
Metabolism
(5 times)
HGO (2 times)
2-DOG (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1985 Quantitation of insulin-stimulated glucose disposal in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
rate of glucose disposal
(9 times)
Metabolism
(4 times)
NIDDM (2 times)
2-DOG (1 time)
AM EUG (1 time)
1995 Oral vanadyl sulfate improves hepatic and peripheral insulin sensitivity in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
diffuse reflectance
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CEC (1 time)
MIP (1 time)
Rd460 (1 time)
2000 Brain tumor demarcation using optical spectroscopy; an in vitro study.
10  rate of disposal
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
Ra (4 times)
aa (2 times)
PEP (2 times)
1990 Effect of insulin-induced hypoglycemia on protein metabolism in vivo.
11  rate of insulin-mediated glucose disposal
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FFAs (1 time)
1994 Correlations between fatty acid and glucose metabolism. Potential explanation of insulin resistance of puberty.
12  distribution ratios
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
C-S-H (1 time)
DIW (1 time)
GW (1 time)
1988 Interactions of 57Co, 85Sr and 137Cs with peat under acidic precipitation conditions.
13  radius
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
BMD (2 times)
FN (2 times)
AN (1 time)
2005 A prospective study of changes in bone turnover and bone density associated with regaining weight in women with anorexia nervosa.
14  Rhodamine B
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
Amb (1 time)
CHI (1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
2003 Collateral axonal projections from hypothalamic hypocretin neurons to cardiovascular sites in nucleus ambiguus and nucleus tractus solitarius.
15  Ra and glucose utilization
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
INDO (1 time)
Ra (1 time)
1985 Indomethacin and salicylate decrease epinephrine-induced glycogenolysis.
16  radiation
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AFP (1 time)
CUR (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
1988 [Radiotherapy alternated with chemotherapy and immunotherapy on nude mice bearing human hepatocellular carcinoma].
17  randomly
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
FAS (1 time)
HSL (1 time)
LD (1 time)
1982 Genetic control of resistance to infection with Nematospiroides dubius in mice: selection of high and low immune responder populations of mice.
18  rate of disappearance from plasma
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
IMTG (1 time)
JNK (1 time)
2013 A single session of low-intensity exercise is sufficient to enhance insulin sensitivity into the next day in obese adults.
19  rate of whole-body glucose disposal
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
EGP (1 time)
endoRa (1 time)
GIR (1 time)
2004 Dose-response effect of a single administration of oral hexyl-insulin monoconjugate 2 in healthy nondiabetic subjects.
20  restricted diffusion
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BPAEC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1992 Restricted diffusion of macromolecules by endothelial monolayers and small-pore filters.
21  dark respiration in the light
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
A-Cc (1 time)
Ac (1 time)
TPU (1 time)
2009 Comparison of the A-Cc curve fitting methods in determining maximum ribulose 1.5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase carboxylation rate, potential light saturated electron transport rate and leaf dark respiration.
22  degradation rate of pollutants
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
Sw (1 time)
TPSA (1 time)
2019 Sonochemical degradation of antibiotics from representative classes-Considerations on structural effects, initial transformation products, antimicrobial activity and matrix.
23  delivery rate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
SLN (1 time)
Tw (1 time)
2003 [Preparation of solid lipid nanoparticles by microemulsion technique].
24  deposition rates
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DLVO (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2015 Transport of graphene oxide in saturated porous media: effect of cation composition in mixed Na-Ca electrolyte systems.
25  detachment rate
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
Rg (1 time)
2002 Substrate controlled development of anaerobic acidifying aggregates at different shear rates in a gas lift reactor.
26  detection range
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AMDR (1 time)
POD (1 time)
2014 Use of the visual range of detection to estimate effective sweep width for land search and rescue based on 10 detection experiments in North America.
27  diameter ratio
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
Rb (1 time)
1976 Diameter, length and branching ratios in the bronchial tree.
28  differential resistance
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ADS (1 time)
CO (1 time)
Ps (1 time)
1986 Pressure-flow relationships of the canine iliac periphery and systemic hemodynamics: effects of sodiumnitroprusside and adenosine.
29  differentiation rate
(1 time)
Anthropology
(1 time)
Rp (1 time)
1982 The morphogenetic triangle: a new conceptual tool for application to problems in dental morphogenesis.
30  discharge range
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
Ad (1 time)
BJR (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2012 [Effects of Bufei Jianpi Recipe on the diaphragmatic neural discharge and the diaphragmatic muscle function in rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease].
31  R-domain
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
TM (1 time)
2015 The R-Domain: Identification of an N-terminal Region of the alpha2delta-1 Subunit Which is Necessary and Sufficient for its Effects on Cav2.2 Calcium Currents.
32  Ra and disappearance rates
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
MPA (1 time)
Ra (1 time)
1990 Effects of training on glucose metabolism of gluconeogenesis-inhibited short-term-fasted rats.
33  Ra and glucose disposal rate
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
FFA (1 time)
1990 Evidence that hyperglycaemia per se does not inhibit hepatic glucose production in man.
34  Ra and glucose uptake
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IRI (1 time)
NE (1 time)
1999 Glucoregulation during and after intense exercise: effects of beta-adrenergic blockade in subjects with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
35  Ra and utilization
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DCA (1 time)
SGE (1 time)
1994 Mechanisms by which dichloroacetate lowers lactic acid levels: the kinetic interrelationships between lactate, pyruvate, alanine, and glucose.
36  radiography
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
Xr (1 time)
1992 Comparison of three imaging techniques for assessing endodontic working length.
37  rainbow trout because lactate disposal
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
MCTs (1 time)
2014 Exogenous lactate supply affects lactate kinetics of rainbow trout, not swimming performance.
38  Rana dybowskii
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Ah (1 time)
cDNA (1 time)
DD (1 time)
2016 Cloning, Characterization, and Expression Analysis of MyD88 in Rana dybowskii.
39  randomly mated
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 1983 Genetic control of liability to infection with Nematospiroides dubius in mice: direct and correlated responses to selection of mice for faecal parasite egg count.
40  randomly-bred
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 1983 Host specificity in mice selected for innate immunity to Nematospiroides dubius: infections with Nippostrongylus brasiliensis, Mesocestoides corti and Salmonella typhimurium.
41  rate (J), daytime respiration
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
Ci (1 time)
GE (1 time)
2017 A new method to estimate photosynthetic parameters through net assimilation rate-intercellular space CO2 concentration (A-Ci ) curve and chlorophyll fluorescence measurements.
42  rate of decomposition
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
BDO (1 time)
ESR-ST (1 time)
FT-IR (1 time)
2014 Synthesis and photopolymerization kinetics of 2-phenyl-benzodioxole.
43  rate of degradation
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
10-Mix (1 time)
aa (1 time)
GLU (1 time)
2006 Effect of amino acid and glucose administration following exercise on the turnover of muscle protein in the hindlimb femoral region of thoroughbreds.
44  rate of phenylalanine disposal
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2018 A novel triple-tracer approach to assess postprandial protein turnover.
45  rate of whole-body glucose utilization
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
3-MP (1 time)
BW (1 time)
i.v (1 time)
1993 Effect of high-dose endotoxin on glucose production and utilization.
46  rates of mitochondrial respiration
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
Na (1 time)
2004 Inhibitory effect of flowering and early fruit growth on leaf photosynthesis in mango.
47  rates versus lenalidomide and dexamethasone
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
HR (1 time)
PFS (1 time)
2018 Response and progression-free survival according to planned treatment duration in patients with relapsed multiple myeloma treated with carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (KRd) versus lenalidomide and dexamethasone (Rd) in the phase III ASPIRE study.
48  reactionary dentin
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DRIFTS (1 time)
FIB-EDS (1 time)
FIB-SEM (1 time)
2013 Structural analysis of reactionary dentin formed in response to polymicrobial invasion.
49  received four cycles of lenalidomide-dexamethasone
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
G-CSF (1 time)
MM (1 time)
2011 Stem cell mobilization in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma after lenalidomide induction therapy.
50  received lenalidomide + lowdose dexamethasone
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
LGLs (1 time)
NK (1 time)
2016 A case of refractory multiple myeloma with proliferation of large granular lymphocytes by lenalidomide treatment and its association with clinical efficacy.
51  received lenalidomide-dexamethasone
(1 time)
Hematologic Neoplasms
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
MM (1 time)
SCT (1 time)
2015 Characteristics of exceptional responders to lenalidomide-based therapy in multiple myeloma.
52  reduce its dark respiration
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AQY (1 time)
Ci (1 time)
LUE (1 time)
2009 [Effects of water stress on photosynthetic parameters of Phragmites australis in estuarine wetland of Yellow River Delta].
53  reduced first- and second-phase ISR
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
EGP (1 time)
FFAs (1 time)
ISR (1 time)
2003 A sustained increase in plasma free fatty acids impairs insulin secretion in nondiabetic subjects genetically predisposed to develop type 2 diabetes.
54  reduced peripheral insulin-like effect
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
Ra (1 time)
TBG (1 time)
1998 Novel hepatoselective insulin analogues: studies with covalently linked thyroxyl-insulin complexes.
55  reduction in glucose disappearance rate
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
LBM (1 time)
TBGD (1 time)
1993 Evidence for a relationship between free radicals and insulin action in the elderly.
56  reduction in rates of disposal
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Leu (1 time)
Phe (1 time)
Ra (1 time)
1990 Effect of starvation on human muscle protein metabolism and its response to insulin.
57  reduction of SI
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
FISRs (1 time)
LIPO (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2006 Glucose-stimulated prehepatic insulin secretion is associated with circulating alanine, triglyceride, glucagon, lactate and TNF-alpha in patients with HIV-lipodystrophy.
58  reduction, suggested by lower diffusion
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MFC (1 time)
Rohm (1 time)
2018 Novel mesoporous MnCo2O4 nanorods as oxygen reduction catalyst at neutral pH in microbial fuel cells.
59  reductions in glucose utilization
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
FFAs (1 time)
HGO (1 time)
1991 Evidence for dual control mechanism regulating hepatic glucose output in nondiabetic men.
60  regional advantage
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BUdR (1 time)
IA (1 time)
1988 Intra-arterial 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BUdR) radiosensitization with external beam radiation in rhesus monkeys: toxicity study.
61  related to photographically documented retinopathy
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ACA (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
PVD (1 time)
1983 Platelet enzyme activities in diabetes mellitus in relation to endothelial damage.
62  relation is the differential resistance
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
RI (2 times)
1983 Steady state and instantaneous pressure-flow relationships: characterisation of the canine abdominal periphery.
63  relationship with insulin-mediated glucose disposal
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
WHR (1 time)
1997 Relationship of anterior and posterior subcutaneous abdominal fat to insulin sensitivity in nondiabetic men.
64  relative deviation percentage
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
Desi (1 time)
Ea (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2018 Temperature dependent steady and dynamic oscillatory shear rheological characteristics of Indian cow milk (Desi) ghee.
65  relative percent derivation modulus
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
RMS (1 time)
2016 Study of sorption behavior, shelf life and colour kinetics of vacuum puffed honey powder at accelerated storage conditions.
66  relative phytate degradation rate
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
APS (1 time)
PSD (1 time)
2014 Effect of particle size and microbial phytase on phytate degradation in incubated maize and soybean meal.
67  release, peripheral glucose disposal rate
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
AUCg (1 time)
AUCI (1 time)
GST (1 time)
1990 Inhibition of insulin release by cyclosporine and production of peripheral insulin resistance in the dog.
68  Repolarization dispersion
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
QTd (1 time)
RMS (1 time)
2000 Estimates of repolarization dispersion from electrocardiographic measurements.
69  residual deficits
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
FES (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2009 Defining and measuring residual deficits of the upper extremity following stroke: a new perspective.
70  resistance of the defect
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
Rs (1 time)
1994 [Doppler echocardiography assessment of hemodynamic values and additional heart defects in atrial septal defects].
71  resistance to lenalidomide and dexamethasone
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
VGPR (1 time)
2014 Clarithromycin overcomes resistance to lenalidomide and dexamethasone in multiple myeloma.
72  respiration in darkness
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2004 Respiratory acclimation in Arabidopsis thaliana leaves at low temperature.
73  response of An, dark respiration
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MB (1 time)
MN (1 time)
Topt (1 time)
2019 Thermal acclimation of photosynthetic activity and RuBisCO content in two hybrid poplar clones.
74  retardation
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LA-ICP-MS (1 time)
2009 Coupling centrifuge modeling and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry to determine contaminant retardation in clays.
75  retardation coefficients
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2016 Reactive transport of uranium in fractured crystalline rock: Upscaling in time and distance.
76  retardation factor
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
SR (1 time)
TR (1 time)
2013 Effect of water content on strontium retardation factor and distribution coefficient in Chinese loess.
77  Revlimid+DEX
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
DEX (1 time)
sCR (1 time)
2015 [A Newly Diagnosed Case of Multiple Myeloma in Which Lenalidomide Was Continued after Surgery for a Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor That Developed during Lenalidomide Maintenance Therapy].
78  reward
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
SD (1 time)
1979 Maintenance of signal directed behavior in a response dependent paradigm: a systems approach.
79  rhodamine labelled latex micro-beads
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ACe (1 time)
BST (1 time)
DBH (1 time)
1994 Collateral axonal projections to limbic structures from ventrolateral medullary A1 noradrenergic neurons.
80  rhodamine latex micro-beads
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BST (1 time)
FG (1 time)
IBO (1 time)
1993 Contribution of bed nucleus of the stria terminalis to the cardiovascular responses elicited by stimulation of the amygdala.
81  rhodium
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
MT (1 time)
Pd (1 time)
PGMs (1 time)
2007 Induction of metallothionein in chick embryos as a mechanism of tolerance to platinum group metal exposure.
82  rostral deafferentation
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
MBH (1 time)
1986 Effect of hypothalamic deafferentation on hypophysial and other endocrine gland blood flows.
83  round plaque-forming
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
dbcAMP (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
1990 Herpes simplex virus type 1 infection of rat astrocytes in primary culture: effects of dibutyryl cyclic AMP.
84  roundness
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
Df (1 time)
INH (1 time)
IVUS (1 time)
2002 Impact of the cross-sectional geometry of the post-deployment coronary stent on in-stent neointimal hyperplasia: an intravascular ultrasound study.