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Abbreviation: SA
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Long forms: 2153

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
salicylic acid
(4056 times)
Botany
(1606 times)
JA (890 times)
ABA (463 times)
ET (251 times)
1975 Tissue acetylsalicylic acid esterase activity in rats with acute and chronic liver damage from carbon-tetrachloride and ethanol.
South Africa
(1072 times)
Medicine
(616 times)
CI (84 times)
OR (38 times)
TB (37 times)
1979 Comparison of isoniazid phenotyping of black and white patients with emphasis on South African blacks.
sodium alginate
(692 times)
Biochemistry
(107 times)
PVA (51 times)
SEM (51 times)
HA (48 times)
1985 Sodium acetate, an arterial vasodilator: haemodynamic characterisation in normal dogs.
sialic acid
(628 times)
Virology
(67 times)
HA (49 times)
CHCA (25 times)
DHB (18 times)
1979 Phagocytosis of nucleated and mature beta thalassaemic red blood cells by mouse macrophages in vitro.
Staphylococcus aureus
(573 times)
Communicable Diseases
(64 times)
MRSA (106 times)
PA (63 times)
EC (36 times)
1975 Interference between staphylococcus epidermidis (Se) and staphylococcus aureus (Sa) in the bovine udder.
sinoatrial
(476 times)
Cardiology
(169 times)
AV (151 times)
ACh (17 times)
AP (15 times)
1965 The Electrophysiological Organization of the Embryonic Chick Heart.
suicide attempt
(340 times)
Psychiatry
(171 times)
SI (101 times)
NSSI (52 times)
MDD (26 times)
1994 Electrodermal reactivity in male and female depressive patients who later died by suicide.
stearic acid
(324 times)
Chemistry
(78 times)
OA (58 times)
PA (39 times)
LA (37 times)
1984 Secretogogue-stimulated phosphatidylinositol breakdown in the exocrine pancreas liberates arachidonic acid, stearic acid, and glycerol by sequential actions of phospholipase C and diglyceride lipase.
surface area
(321 times)
Environmental Health
(37 times)
CT (66 times)
CV (19 times)
HC (9 times)
1975 Body surface area in the infant rat.
10  stable angina
(315 times)
Cardiology
(133 times)
ACS (125 times)
UA (123 times)
AMI (65 times)
1991 [Adhesive activity of blood platelets in patients with stable or unstable angina pectoris and acute myocardial infarct].
11  spinal anesthesia
(287 times)
Anesthesiology
(101 times)
GA (116 times)
CS (18 times)
HR (16 times)
1988 Comparative evaluation of general, epidural and spinal anaesthesia for extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy.
12  streptavidin
(285 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(58 times)
SPR (14 times)
BBB (12 times)
HRP (11 times)
1989 The immunochemistry of sandwich ELISAs--III. The stoichiometry and efficacy of the protein-avidin-biotin capture (PABC) system.
13  simulated annealing
(261 times)
Medical Informatics
(41 times)
GA (30 times)
PSO (16 times)
MD (11 times)
1989 Automatic ventricular cavity boundary detection from sequential ultrasound images using simulated annealing.
14  self-administration
(256 times)
Neurology
(85 times)
CPP (33 times)
NAc (31 times)
DA (27 times)
1979 Behavioral methods for the assessment of alcohol tolerance and dependence.
15  serum albumin
(249 times)
Biochemistry
(33 times)
BSA (22 times)
HSA (18 times)
BMI (11 times)
1975 Investigation of the conformational lability of serum albumin macromolecules in aqueous solution by the NMR spin-echo method.
16  sleep apnea
(241 times)
Psychophysiology
(39 times)
AHI (60 times)
PSG (26 times)
CI (21 times)
1982 Bradycardia during sleep apnea. Characteristics and mechanism.
17  spontaneous abortion
(212 times)
Neurology
(46 times)
DRG (13 times)
CI (8 times)
IA (8 times)
1975 [Effect of maternal genetic heterozygosity].
18  saturable absorber
(207 times)
Ophthalmology
(153 times)
EDFL (15 times)
CVD (14 times)
PVA (14 times)
2003 Wavelength conversion of 1.53-microm-wavelength picosecond pulses in an ion-implanted multiple-quantum-well all-optical switch.
19  succinic acid
(200 times)
Biotechnology
(37 times)
MA (19 times)
AA (13 times)
PA (11 times)
1979 Cross immunological reactions between three haptens of the "para" group and 4-aminoantipyrine.
20  South Asian
(174 times)
Public Health
(33 times)
WE (22 times)
PA (12 times)
AC (10 times)
1998 Classifying ethnicity utilizing the Canadian Mortality Data Base.
21  specific activity
(171 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(24 times)
PET (16 times)
KIC (7 times)
EOB (4 times)
1972 Cholesterol metabolism and placental transfer in the pregnant Rhesus monkey.
22  South Australia
(166 times)
Public Health
(30 times)
WA (19 times)
NSW (18 times)
NT (14 times)
1989 Inservice education: career development for South Australian nurses.
23  sickness absence
(161 times)
Occupational Medicine
(49 times)
DP (35 times)
CI (19 times)
OR (16 times)
1997 Chronic work stress, sickness absence, and hypertension in middle managers: general or specific sociological explanations?
24  spherical aberration
(155 times)
Ophthalmology
(98 times)
HOAs (34 times)
RMS (30 times)
IOL (21 times)
1988 Explanation of Broca's pupillometer.
25  situation awareness
(152 times)
Psychology
(57 times)
SAGAT (14 times)
SPAM (5 times)
HUD (4 times)
1994 An operational definition for spatial disorientation.
26  serratus anterior
(140 times)
Physiology
(36 times)
LT (67 times)
UT (57 times)
EMG (38 times)
1992 Regeneration by skeletomotor axons in neonatal rats is topographically selective at an early stage of reinnervation.
27  septic arthritis
(133 times)
Pediatrics
(26 times)
CRP (16 times)
OM (12 times)
CI (9 times)
1984 Fever, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate in monitoring recovery from septic arthritis: a preliminary study.
28  Saudi Arabia
(115 times)
Medicine
(17 times)
KAU (8 times)
CI (6 times)
OR (5 times)
1993 A community survey of neurological disorders in Saudi Arabia: the Thugbah study.
29  slowly adapting
(111 times)
Neurology
(60 times)
RA (68 times)
FA (16 times)
PC (13 times)
1975 Afferent fibers from mystacial vibrissae of cats and seals.
30  salicylate
(106 times)
Pharmacology
(27 times)
JA (18 times)
ASA (17 times)
ET (5 times)
1977 Biodistribution of salicylates: a clue to the understanding of some effects and side effects.
31  stearylamine
(102 times)
Pharmacology
(34 times)
PC (15 times)
Chol (14 times)
DCP (14 times)
1979 Control of in vitro cytotoxicity of positively charged liposomes.
32  social anxiety
(99 times)
Psychiatry
(35 times)
SAD (8 times)
ASD (4 times)
IU (4 times)
1998 Social anxiety among adolescents: linkages with peer relations and friendships.
33  sexual assault
(98 times)
Violence
(24 times)
IPV (17 times)
PTSD (9 times)
DV (6 times)
1997 Violence against women: provider barriers to intervention in emergency departments.
34  substance abuse
(97 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(26 times)
MH (12 times)
MI (5 times)
IPV (4 times)
1994 Aggressivity, inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity in boys at high and low risk for substance abuse.
35  sensitivity analysis
(89 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
QALY (6 times)
QALYs (6 times)
UQ (5 times)
2002 Sensitivity analysis for high quantiles of ochratoxin A exposure distribution.
36  successful aging
(87 times)
Geriatrics
(55 times)
PA (18 times)
SPPB (7 times)
MCI (6 times)
2005 [Heterogeneity of aging brain: a preliminary comparative study of functional magnetic resonance imaging in elderly people].
37  sodium ascorbate
(81 times)
Dentistry
(22 times)
AA (10 times)
HP (8 times)
BBN (7 times)
1982 Ascorbate status and fibrinogen concentrations after cerebrovascular accident.
38  short-axis
(77 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(39 times)
LA (34 times)
LV (17 times)
MRI (10 times)
1983 Evaluation of right ventricular volume and ejection fraction in children by two-dimensional echocardiography.
39  sexual abuse
(76 times)
Psychiatry
(22 times)
PA (24 times)
CTQ (7 times)
EN (7 times)
1992 Inquiry about victimization experiences. A survey of patient preferences and physician practices.
40  severe asthma
(71 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(22 times)
MA (14 times)
NSA (11 times)
HC (7 times)
2002 High-resolution CT features of severe asthma and bronchiolitis obliterans.
41  succinylacetone
(70 times)
Biochemistry
(20 times)
ALAD (10 times)
ALA (6 times)
DBS (4 times)
1981 Uptake of hematin and growth of malignant murine erythroleukemia cells depleted of endogenous heme by succinylacetone.
42  splenic artery
(67 times)
General Surgery
(22 times)
SMA (22 times)
CHA (19 times)
LGA (17 times)
1983 Percutaneous splenic artery occlusion for portal hypertension. A new mechanical technique for hypersplenism.
43  subclavian artery
(65 times)
Vascular Diseases
(18 times)
VA (21 times)
LIMA (7 times)
CCA (6 times)
1981 Double superior venae cavae associated with aberrant subclavian artery--the atavistic and transitional nature of "proximal loss" aortic arch.
44  senescence-associated
(64 times)
Cell Biology
(20 times)
GAL (5 times)
MSCs (5 times)
SASP (4 times)
2000 Is beta-galactosidase staining a marker of senescence in vitro and in vivo?
45  sulfonamide
(62 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
TC (13 times)
SM (9 times)
SDM (8 times)
1966 Drug resistance of enteric bacteria. VII. Recombination of R factors with tetracycline-sensitive mutants.
46  syringic acid
(62 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
CA (6 times)
VA (6 times)
FA (4 times)
1991 Metal- and photo-induced cleavage of DNA by podophyllotoxin, etoposide, and their related compounds.
47  sham acupuncture
(61 times)
Complementary Therapies
(16 times)
EA (20 times)
RA (11 times)
TA (9 times)
2002 Short-term acupuncture therapy is of no benefit in patients with moderate persistent asthma.
48  skeletal age
(59 times)
Sports Medicine
(16 times)
CA (40 times)
GP (10 times)
DA (7 times)
1976 Relationships between skeletal maturity and submaximal working capacity in boys 8 to 18 years.
49  somatostatin analogs
(55 times)
Endocrinology
(37 times)
DA (6 times)
SSTR (6 times)
GH (5 times)
1978 Effect of somatostatin analogues and 17-alpha-dihydroequilin on rat brain opiate receptors.
50  self-assembly
(54 times)
Chemistry
(20 times)
AFM (4 times)
LbL (3 times)
NPs (3 times)
1995 Adsorption of self-assembled monolayers of mercaptan on gold.
51  sarcoidosis
(53 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(20 times)
TB (13 times)
BAL (8 times)
AM (7 times)
1988 Suppressor cell activity of human alveolar macrophages in interstitial lung diseases.
52  shikimic acid
(51 times)
Biotechnology
(13 times)
DHS (2 times)
ISA (2 times)
MA (2 times)
2000 Antagonistic effects of shikimic acid against focal cerebral ischemia injury in rats subjected to middle cerebral artery thrombosis.
53  stretch-activated
(49 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
Ca (2 times)
COX (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1989 Block of stretch-activated ion channels in Xenopus oocytes by gadolinium and calcium ions.
54  sexual activity
(48 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
GMA (9 times)
CRA (5 times)
OR (5 times)
1986 Sexual activity after coronary bypass surgery.
55  surgery alone
(47 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
OS (14 times)
RCTs (6 times)
CRT (5 times)
1984 Surgical treatment of pyriform sinus cancer: a retrospective study.
56  sebacic acid
(46 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(16 times)
CPH (9 times)
CPP (7 times)
PEG (4 times)
1987 Glaucoma filtration surgery in rabbits using bioerodible polymers and 5-fluorouracil.
57  synthetic aperture
(45 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(16 times)
SNR (7 times)
CNR (5 times)
DAS (5 times)
2006 Synthetic aperture ultrasound imaging.
58  succinic anhydride
(44 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
MA (5 times)
PA (4 times)
AA (3 times)
1978 Isolation and properties of a succinylated subunit of human thyroglobulin.
59  similarity analysis
(43 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
HCA (32 times)
PCA (31 times)
HPLC (13 times)
2009 Spectrum-effect relationships between ultra performance liquid chromatography fingerprints and anti-bacterial activities of Rhizoma coptidis.
60  sympathoadrenal
(43 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
SIF (7 times)
NE (6 times)
HPA (5 times)
1983 Plasma catecholamine and cardiovascular responses following hypothalamic stimulation in the awake cat.
61  spectral analysis
(42 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(13 times)
PET (8 times)
BPI (6 times)
CBF (6 times)
1989 Circulating antisperm antibodies and fertility prognosis: a prospective study.
62  saturable absorption
(41 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
RSA (16 times)
NLO (10 times)
TPA (7 times)
2005 [Nonlinear optical absorption characteristics of a novel organic material ZnTBP/CA/PhR].
63  sodium azide
(41 times)
Toxicology
(11 times)
2-AF (5 times)
AFB1 (4 times)
EMS (4 times)
1985 Hyperthermia and other factors increasing sensitivity of Euglena to mutagens and carcinogens.
64  semen analysis
(39 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(14 times)
IUI (4 times)
SPA (4 times)
IVF (3 times)
1988 Sperm chromatin heterogeneity as an infertility factor.
65  sorbic acid
(37 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(12 times)
BA (16 times)
CA (4 times)
MP (3 times)
1982 Perioral contact urticaria from sorbic acid and benzoic acid in a salad dressing.
66  saline
(36 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
BL (7 times)
BALF (4 times)
CD (4 times)
1981 Diltiazem pretreatment reduces experimental myocardial infarct size in rat.
67  sanguinarine
(33 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
CHE (9 times)
DHSA (4 times)
FA (3 times)
1994 Effect of quaternary benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloids sanguinarine, chelerythrine and fagaronine on some mammalian cells.
68  serrated adenoma
(33 times)
Pathology
(9 times)
HP (17 times)
CRC (7 times)
MP (5 times)
2000 Multiple 'serrated adenocarcinomas' of the colon with a cell lineage common to metaplastic polyp and serrated adenoma. Case report of a new subtype of colonic adenocarcinoma with gastric differentiation.
69  sliding angle
(33 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
CA (18 times)
WCA (5 times)
SEM (4 times)
1996 Loss of hip motion in slipped capital femoral epiphysis: a calculation from the slipping angle and the slope.
70  sulfanilamide
(33 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
SM (7 times)
TC (7 times)
KM (5 times)
1968 Drug resistance of staphylococci. VII. Genetic determinants responsible for the resistance to tetracycline, streptomycin, sulfanilamide, and penicillin.
71  shoulder arthroplasty
(32 times)
Orthopedics
(20 times)
HA (3 times)
OR (3 times)
RSA (3 times)
1999 Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma as an unexpected diagnosis in a shoulder arthroplasty.
72  state anxiety
(32 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
TA (13 times)
HR (6 times)
STAI (5 times)
1991 Multidimensional stress management in nursing education.
73  S. aureus
(31 times)
Communicable Diseases
(5 times)
MRSA (11 times)
MSSA (5 times)
MIC (3 times)
1989 What's in a name? Is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus just another S aureus when treated with vancomycin?
74  status asthmaticus
(31 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(12 times)
MV (10 times)
PICU (5 times)
ETI (3 times)
1980 [Acid-base and gasometric findings at the admission of 150 children clinically diagnosed as in status asthmaticus].
75  sulcus angle
(29 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
PTA (8 times)
CA (6 times)
LPD (6 times)
1987 Lower limb asymmetry and patellofemoral joint incongruence in the etiology of knee exertion injuries in athletes.
76  schizoaffective disorder
(26 times)
Psychiatry
(18 times)
SZ (14 times)
BD (4 times)
BDP (3 times)
1979 'Schizoaffective disorder': dead or alive?
77  superoxide anion
(26 times)
Toxicology
(12 times)
DCA (10 times)
TCA (9 times)
SOD (8 times)
1995 Inhibition of neutrophil oxidative metabolism by trichinellosis patient sera. Parasite origin or host induction?
78  surgical ablation
(26 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
AF (14 times)
CA (8 times)
CABG (5 times)
2004 Mifepristone-induced abortion and birth weight in the first subsequent pregnancy.
79  Salvinorin A
(25 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
KOR (8 times)
GI (4 times)
CB (3 times)
2009 Metabolic changes in the rodent brain after acute administration of salvinorin A.
80  self-administered
(25 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
DA (2 times)
IA (2 times)
rGT (2 times)
1987 Conditioned taste aversion induced by self-administered drugs: paradox revisited.
81  separation anxiety
(25 times)
Psychiatry
(18 times)
PD (4 times)
SAD (4 times)
GAD (3 times)
1987 Searching for evidence on the validity of generalized anxiety disorder: psychopathology in children of anxious mothers.
82  streptococcal antigen
(25 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(21 times)
Mo (3 times)
HLA (2 times)
IgA (2 times)
1983 Antigen-binding human T suppressor cells and their association with the HLA-DR locus.
83  sway area
(25 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
AP (5 times)
COP (5 times)
EO (5 times)
1980 Some methods and parameters of body sway quantification and their neurological applications.
84  signal-averaged
(24 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
ECG (5 times)
AF (4 times)
EP (2 times)
1988 A comparative analysis of signal averaging of the surface QRS complex and signal averaging of intracardiac and epicardial recordings in patients with ventricular tachycardia.
85  sclerosing adenosis
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
DCIS (6 times)
BBD (4 times)
US (4 times)
1985 [Significance of sclerosing adenosis (S.A.) in routine diagnosis].
86  segmental angle
(23 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
ACDF (8 times)
VAS (8 times)
NDI (7 times)
2012 Comparative Study between a Curved and a Wedge PEEK Cage for Single-level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Interbody Fusion.
87  sideroblastic anemia
(23 times)
Hematology
(8 times)
CSA (2 times)
MDS (2 times)
RA (2 times)
1979 [Sideroblastic anemia: clinical and hematological study on 57 patients].
88  slow acetylators
(23 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
RA (13 times)
NAT2 (11 times)
IA (4 times)
1994 Genetically determined sparteine oxidation and sulfadimidine acetylation polymorphism in patients with non-occupational urinary bladder cancer.
89  sexually active
(22 times)
Gynecology
(11 times)
PISQ-IR (13 times)
FSFI (8 times)
PFD (6 times)
1996 Behavioral effects induced by the dopamine D3 agonist 7-OH-DPAT in sexually-active and -inactive male rats.
90  specific radioactivity
(22 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
PET (3 times)
ACh (2 times)
Ch (2 times)
1975 Isotope kinetics of human skin cholesterol secretion.
91  stable angina pectoris
(22 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
ACS (7 times)
AMI (6 times)
CAD (5 times)
1993 Effects of transdermal nitroglycerin in combination with an ACE inhibitor in patients with chronic stable angina pectoris.
92  salicylic
(21 times)
Botany
(7 times)
JA (12 times)
ROS (3 times)
ABA (2 times)
1982 Species differences in hypocalcemia induced by acetyl-salicylic acid.
93  sexually antagonistic
(21 times)
Biology
(13 times)
PAR (2 times)
PARs (1 time)
SNP (1 time)
2006 Intralocus sexual conflict diminishes the benefits of sexual selection.
94  small aggregates
(21 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
LA (13 times)
BAL (3 times)
SHM (3 times)
1997 Effects of lung injury on pulmonary surfactant aggregate conversion in vivo and in vitro.
95  secondary amenorrhea
(20 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
PA (11 times)
BMI (3 times)
CA (2 times)
1992 [Dexamethasone does not normalize disordered LH pulsatility in hyperandrogenemic ovarian insufficiency].
96  standard addition
(20 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(10 times)
EC (5 times)
IS (4 times)
MIP OES (3 times)
2006 Certification of a new selenized yeast reference material (SELM-1) for methionine, selenomethinone and total selenium content and its use in an intercomparison exercise for quantifying these analytes.
97  stearic
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
PA (15 times)
LA (6 times)
POA (4 times)
1987 A differential scanning calorimetry study of the interaction of free fatty acids with phospholipid membranes.
98  salicylaldehyde
(19 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
DFT (4 times)
SOD (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1988 Acid-base chemistry of vitamin B6 compounds in methanol.
99  salvianolic acids
(19 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
AMI (3 times)
MDA (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
2002 Effect of salvianolic acids from Radix Salviae miltiorrhizae on regional cerebral blood flow and platelet aggregation in rats.
100  scalp acupuncture
(19 times)
Complementary Therapies
(13 times)
RCTs (4 times)
MCAO (3 times)
NSS (3 times)
2002 Reproduction of scalp acupuncture therapy on strokes in the model rats, spontaneous hypertensive rats-stroke prone (SHR-SP).