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Abbreviation: SA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
salicylic acid
(3212 times)
Botany
(1368 times)
JA (692 times)
ABA (329 times)
SAR (206 times)
1975 Tissue acetylsalicylic acid esterase activity in rats with acute and chronic liver damage from carbon-tetrachloride and ethanol.
South Africa
(717 times)
Medicine
(395 times)
CI (48 times)
OR (27 times)
TB (21 times)
1979 Comparison of isoniazid phenotyping of black and white patients with emphasis on South African blacks.
sialic acid
(498 times)
Virology
(55 times)
HA (42 times)
CHCA (23 times)
DHB (18 times)
1979 Phagocytosis of nucleated and mature beta thalassaemic red blood cells by mouse macrophages in vitro.
Staphylococcus aureus
(475 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(55 times)
MRSA (89 times)
PA (44 times)
MSSA (31 times)
1975 Interference between staphylococcus epidermidis (Se) and staphylococcus aureus (Sa) in the bovine udder.
sinoatrial
(463 times)
Cardiology
(167 times)
AV (148 times)
ACh (17 times)
AP (14 times)
1965 The Electrophysiological Organization of the Embryonic Chick Heart.
sodium alginate
(387 times)
Chemistry
(59 times)
SEM (27 times)
PVA (26 times)
HA (21 times)
1985 Sodium acetate, an arterial vasodilator: haemodynamic characterisation in normal dogs.
stable angina
(282 times)
Cardiology
(123 times)
ACS (114 times)
UA (113 times)
AMI (61 times)
1991 [Adhesive activity of blood platelets in patients with stable or unstable angina pectoris and acute myocardial infarct].
stearic acid
(253 times)
Chemistry
(62 times)
OA (48 times)
LA (33 times)
PA (31 times)
1984 Secretogogue-stimulated phosphatidylinositol breakdown in the exocrine pancreas liberates arachidonic acid, stearic acid, and glycerol by sequential actions of phospholipase C and diglyceride lipase.
surface area
(249 times)
Environmental Health
(28 times)
CT (44 times)
CV (13 times)
GB (6 times)
1975 Body surface area in the infant rat.
10  streptavidin
(241 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(48 times)
BBB (12 times)
SPR (12 times)
mAb (11 times)
1989 The immunochemistry of sandwich ELISAs--III. The stoichiometry and efficacy of the protein-avidin-biotin capture (PABC) system.
11  spinal anesthesia
(223 times)
Anesthesiology
(94 times)
GA (86 times)
CS (12 times)
HR (12 times)
1988 Comparative evaluation of general, epidural and spinal anaesthesia for extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy.
12  simulated annealing
(221 times)
Medical Informatics
(39 times)
GA (24 times)
MD (11 times)
PSO (10 times)
1989 Automatic ventricular cavity boundary detection from sequential ultrasound images using simulated annealing.
13  suicide attempt
(219 times)
Psychiatry
(110 times)
SI (52 times)
NSSI (35 times)
MDD (17 times)
1994 Electrodermal reactivity in male and female depressive patients who later died by suicide.
14  serum albumin
(209 times)
Biochemistry
(31 times)
BSA (17 times)
HSA (12 times)
BMI (10 times)
1975 Investigation of the conformational lability of serum albumin macromolecules in aqueous solution by the NMR spin-echo method.
15  self-administration
(201 times)
Psychopharmacology
(79 times)
DA (26 times)
NAc (26 times)
CPP (24 times)
1979 Behavioral methods for the assessment of alcohol tolerance and dependence.
16  sleep apnea
(184 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(31 times)
AHI (49 times)
CI (18 times)
PSG (18 times)
1982 Bradycardia during sleep apnea. Characteristics and mechanism.
17  spontaneous abortion
(176 times)
Neurology
(42 times)
DRG (12 times)
IA (8 times)
CCD (6 times)
1975 [Effect of maternal genetic heterozygosity].
18  specific activity
(167 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(24 times)
PET (16 times)
KIC (7 times)
EOB (4 times)
1972 Cholesterol metabolism and placental transfer in the pregnant Rhesus monkey.
19  South Asian
(142 times)
Public Health
(27 times)
WE (19 times)
PA (11 times)
AC (9 times)
1997 Classifying ethnicity utilizing the Canadian Mortality Data Base.
20  succinic acid
(141 times)
Biotechnology
(28 times)
MA (14 times)
AA (10 times)
PA (9 times)
1979 Cross immunological reactions between three haptens of the "para" group and 4-aminoantipyrine.
21  South Australia
(133 times)
Public Health
(25 times)
NSW (15 times)
WA (14 times)
NT (8 times)
1989 Inservice education: career development for South Australian nurses.
22  spherical aberration
(128 times)
Ophthalmology
(81 times)
HOAs (29 times)
RMS (25 times)
IOL (14 times)
1988 Explanation of Broca's pupillometer.
23  saturable absorber
(118 times)
Ophthalmology
(102 times)
CVD (11 times)
PVA (10 times)
TI (8 times)
2003 Wavelength conversion of 1.53-microm-wavelength picosecond pulses in an ion-implanted multiple-quantum-well all-optical switch.
24  situation awareness
(111 times)
Psychology
(45 times)
SAGAT (7 times)
HUD (3 times)
SPAM (3 times)
1994 An operational definition for spatial disorientation.
25  serratus anterior
(109 times)
Physiology
(31 times)
LT (50 times)
UT (41 times)
EMG (31 times)
1992 Regeneration by skeletomotor axons in neonatal rats is topographically selective at an early stage of reinnervation.
26  slowly adapting
(108 times)
Neurology
(58 times)
RA (66 times)
FA (15 times)
PC (13 times)
1975 Afferent fibers from mystacial vibrissae of cats and seals.
27  salicylate
(101 times)
Pharmacology
(27 times)
ASA (17 times)
JA (15 times)
ET (5 times)
1977 Biodistribution of salicylates: a clue to the understanding of some effects and side effects.
28  stearylamine
(97 times)
Pharmacology
(32 times)
PC (15 times)
Chol (14 times)
DCP (14 times)
1979 Control of in vitro cytotoxicity of positively charged liposomes.
29  sickness absence
(95 times)
Occupational Medicine
(36 times)
CI (10 times)
RTW (10 times)
OR (8 times)
1997 Chronic work stress, sickness absence, and hypertension in middle managers: general or specific sociological explanations?
30  substance abuse
(92 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(25 times)
MH (12 times)
MI (5 times)
IPV (4 times)
1994 Aggressivity, inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity in boys at high and low risk for substance abuse.
31  septic arthritis
(90 times)
Pediatrics
(20 times)
OM (10 times)
CRP (9 times)
RA (8 times)
1984 Fever, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate in monitoring recovery from septic arthritis: a preliminary study.
32  sensitivity analysis
(70 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
QALYs (5 times)
QALY (4 times)
CCRT (3 times)
2002 Sensitivity analysis for high quantiles of ochratoxin A exposure distribution.
33  sodium ascorbate
(69 times)
Dentistry
(21 times)
AA (9 times)
BBN (7 times)
BHA (7 times)
1982 Ascorbate status and fibrinogen concentrations after cerebrovascular accident.
34  successful aging
(69 times)
Geriatrics
(49 times)
PA (17 times)
SPPB (7 times)
LIFE-P (5 times)
2005 [Heterogeneity of aging brain: a preliminary comparative study of functional magnetic resonance imaging in elderly people].
35  sexual abuse
(66 times)
Psychiatry
(19 times)
PA (22 times)
CTQ (6 times)
PN (6 times)
1992 Inquiry about victimization experiences. A survey of patient preferences and physician practices.
36  short-axis
(65 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(36 times)
LA (32 times)
LV (15 times)
MRI (9 times)
1983 Evaluation of right ventricular volume and ejection fraction in children by two-dimensional echocardiography.
37  social anxiety
(65 times)
Psychiatry
(26 times)
SAD (5 times)
PA (4 times)
ASD (3 times)
1998 Social anxiety among adolescents: linkages with peer relations and friendships.
38  succinylacetone
(65 times)
Biochemistry
(19 times)
ALAD (10 times)
ALA (6 times)
Hb (4 times)
1981 Uptake of hematin and growth of malignant murine erythroleukemia cells depleted of endogenous heme by succinylacetone.
39  sexual assault
(64 times)
Violence
(12 times)
IPV (9 times)
PTSD (6 times)
DV (5 times)
1997 Violence against women: provider barriers to intervention in emergency departments.
40  Saudi Arabia
(57 times)
Public Health
(10 times)
OR (4 times)
CI (3 times)
UK (3 times)
1993 A community survey of neurological disorders in Saudi Arabia: the Thugbah study.
41  subclavian artery
(55 times)
General Surgery
(15 times)
VA (17 times)
LIMA (6 times)
CCA (5 times)
1981 Double superior venae cavae associated with aberrant subclavian artery--the atavistic and transitional nature of "proximal loss" aortic arch.
42  sulfonamide
(55 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
TC (12 times)
SM (8 times)
SDM (7 times)
1966 Drug resistance of enteric bacteria. VII. Recombination of R factors with tetracycline-sensitive mutants.
43  splenic artery
(54 times)
General Surgery
(19 times)
SMA (19 times)
CHA (13 times)
LGA (12 times)
1983 Percutaneous splenic artery occlusion for portal hypertension. A new mechanical technique for hypersplenism.
44  somatostatin analogs
(53 times)
Endocrinology
(36 times)
DA (6 times)
SSTR (6 times)
GH (5 times)
1978 Effect of somatostatin analogues and 17-alpha-dihydroequilin on rat brain opiate receptors.
45  sarcoidosis
(50 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(20 times)
TB (12 times)
BAL (8 times)
AM (7 times)
1988 Suppressor cell activity of human alveolar macrophages in interstitial lung diseases.
46  senescence-associated
(50 times)
Cell Biology
(15 times)
GAL (4 times)
HUVECs (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
2000 Is beta-galactosidase staining a marker of senescence in vitro and in vivo?
47  skeletal age
(49 times)
Sports Medicine
(16 times)
CA (35 times)
GP (7 times)
DA (6 times)
1976 Relationships between skeletal maturity and submaximal working capacity in boys 8 to 18 years.
48  stretch-activated
(48 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
Ca (2 times)
COX (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1989 Block of stretch-activated ion channels in Xenopus oocytes by gadolinium and calcium ions.
49  self-assembly
(46 times)
Chemistry
(18 times)
AFM (4 times)
LbL (3 times)
SPR (3 times)
1995 Adsorption of self-assembled monolayers of mercaptan on gold.
50  severe asthma
(45 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(13 times)
MA (13 times)
HC (6 times)
NSA (5 times)
2002 High-resolution CT features of severe asthma and bronchiolitis obliterans.
51  sham acupuncture
(43 times)
Complementary Therapies
(13 times)
EA (14 times)
RA (10 times)
TA (7 times)
2002 Short-term acupuncture therapy is of no benefit in patients with moderate persistent asthma.
52  shikimic acid
(43 times)
Biotechnology
(12 times)
ISA (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
NO (2 times)
1999 Antagonistic effects of shikimic acid against focal cerebral ischemia injury in rats subjected to middle cerebral artery thrombosis.
53  solar activity
(43 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
GMA (9 times)
CRA (5 times)
AMI (3 times)
1986 Sexual activity after coronary bypass surgery.
54  sympathoadrenal
(42 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
SIF (7 times)
NE (6 times)
HPA (5 times)
1983 Plasma catecholamine and cardiovascular responses following hypothalamic stimulation in the awake cat.
55  sodium azide
(39 times)
Toxicology
(11 times)
2-AF (5 times)
AFB1 (4 times)
2-NF (3 times)
1985 Hyperthermia and other factors increasing sensitivity of Euglena to mutagens and carcinogens.
56  sebacic acid
(38 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(16 times)
CPH (9 times)
CPP (7 times)
RA (4 times)
1987 Glaucoma filtration surgery in rabbits using bioerodible polymers and 5-fluorouracil.
57  surgery alone
(38 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
OS (7 times)
RCTs (6 times)
ACT (4 times)
1984 Surgical treatment of pyriform sinus cancer: a retrospective study.
58  spectral analysis
(37 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(13 times)
PET (7 times)
BPI (6 times)
CBF (6 times)
1989 Circulating antisperm antibodies and fertility prognosis: a prospective study.
59  saline
(34 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
BL (7 times)
BALF (4 times)
CD (4 times)
1981 Diltiazem pretreatment reduces experimental myocardial infarct size in rat.
60  succinic anhydride
(34 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
AA (3 times)
DOX (3 times)
DSC (3 times)
1978 Isolation and properties of a succinylated subunit of human thyroglobulin.
61  saturable absorption
(33 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
RSA (12 times)
NLO (8 times)
TPA (7 times)
2004 [Nonlinear optical absorption characteristics of a novel organic material ZnTBP/CA/PhR].
62  serrated adenoma
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
HP (17 times)
CRC (7 times)
MP (5 times)
2000 Multiple 'serrated adenocarcinomas' of the colon with a cell lineage common to metaplastic polyp and serrated adenoma. Case report of a new subtype of colonic adenocarcinoma with gastric differentiation.
63  similarity analysis
(33 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
PCA (23 times)
HCA (22 times)
HPLC (9 times)
2009 Spectrum-effect relationships between ultra performance liquid chromatography fingerprints and anti-bacterial activities of Rhizoma coptidis.
64  syringic acid
(33 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
CA (5 times)
DEPD (3 times)
BW (2 times)
1991 Metal- and photo-induced cleavage of DNA by podophyllotoxin, etoposide, and their related compounds.
65  sorbic acid
(31 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(11 times)
BA (14 times)
CA (3 times)
BHA (2 times)
1982 Perioral contact urticaria from sorbic acid and benzoic acid in a salad dressing.
66  synthetic aperture
(31 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
CNR (4 times)
SNR (4 times)
LOFI (3 times)
2006 Synthetic aperture ultrasound imaging.
67  sanguinarine
(30 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
CHE (9 times)
DHSA (3 times)
FA (3 times)
1994 Effect of quaternary benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloids sanguinarine, chelerythrine and fagaronine on some mammalian cells.
68  semen analysis
(27 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(11 times)
SPA (4 times)
IUI (3 times)
ART (2 times)
1988 Sperm chromatin heterogeneity as an infertility factor.
69  status asthmaticus
(27 times)
Critical Care
(9 times)
MV (10 times)
ETI (3 times)
ICU (3 times)
1980 [Acid-base and gasometric findings at the admission of 150 children clinically diagnosed as in status asthmaticus].
70  streptococcal antigen
(25 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(21 times)
Mo (3 times)
HLA (2 times)
IgA (2 times)
1983 Antigen-binding human T suppressor cells and their association with the HLA-DR locus.
71  sulfanilamide
(25 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
SM (7 times)
TC (7 times)
KM (5 times)
1968 Drug resistance of staphylococci. VII. Genetic determinants responsible for the resistance to tetracycline, streptomycin, sulfanilamide, and penicillin.
72  S. aureus
(24 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
MRSA (9 times)
MSSA (3 times)
SE (3 times)
1989 What's in a name? Is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus just another S aureus when treated with vancomycin?
73  signal-averaged
(24 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
ECG (5 times)
AF (4 times)
EP (2 times)
1988 A comparative analysis of signal averaging of the surface QRS complex and signal averaging of intracardiac and epicardial recordings in patients with ventricular tachycardia.
74  sliding angle
(24 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
CA (15 times)
SEM (4 times)
SCFE (3 times)
1996 Loss of hip motion in slipped capital femoral epiphysis: a calculation from the slipping angle and the slope.
75  state anxiety
(24 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
TA (9 times)
HR (5 times)
STAI (3 times)
1991 Multidimensional stress management in nursing education.
76  sulcus angle
(24 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
CA (6 times)
LPD (6 times)
LPA (5 times)
1987 Lower limb asymmetry and patellofemoral joint incongruence in the etiology of knee exertion injuries in athletes.
77  schizoaffective disorder
(23 times)
Psychiatry
(15 times)
SZ (14 times)
BD (4 times)
BDP (3 times)
0 Adjunctive Pregnenolone Ameliorates the Cognitive Deficits in Recent-Onset Schizophrenia: An 8-Week, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial.
78  self-administered
(23 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
DA (2 times)
IA (2 times)
2-AG (1 time)
1987 Conditioned taste aversion induced by self-administered drugs: paradox revisited.
79  separation anxiety
(23 times)
Psychiatry
(16 times)
PD (4 times)
GAD (3 times)
SAD (3 times)
1987 Searching for evidence on the validity of generalized anxiety disorder: psychopathology in children of anxious mothers.
80  sway area
(23 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
COP (5 times)
AP (4 times)
ML (4 times)
1980 Some methods and parameters of body sway quantification and their neurological applications.
81  specific radioactivity
(22 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
PET (3 times)
ACh (2 times)
Ch (2 times)
1975 Isotope kinetics of human skin cholesterol secretion.
82  slow acetylators
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
RA (11 times)
NAT2 (9 times)
AFMU (2 times)
1994 Genetically determined sparteine oxidation and sulfadimidine acetylation polymorphism in patients with non-occupational urinary bladder cancer.
83  superoxide anion
(21 times)
Toxicology
(12 times)
DCA (10 times)
TCA (9 times)
SOD (8 times)
1995 Inhibition of neutrophil oxidative metabolism by trichinellosis patient sera. Parasite origin or host induction?
84  stable angina pectoris
(20 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
ACS (6 times)
AMI (5 times)
CAD (5 times)
1993 Effects of transdermal nitroglycerin in combination with an ACE inhibitor in patients with chronic stable angina pectoris.
85  salicylic
(19 times)
Botany
(7 times)
JA (12 times)
ROS (3 times)
LOX (2 times)
1982 Species differences in hypocalcemia induced by acetyl-salicylic acid.
86  sclerosing adenosis
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
DCIS (5 times)
BBD (4 times)
ADH (3 times)
1985 [Significance of sclerosing adenosis (S.A.) in routine diagnosis].
87  small aggregates
(18 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
LA (13 times)
BAL (3 times)
ARDS (2 times)
1997 Effects of lung injury on pulmonary surfactant aggregate conversion in vivo and in vitro.
88  stearic
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
PA (13 times)
LA (6 times)
AA (3 times)
1987 A differential scanning calorimetry study of the interaction of free fatty acids with phospholipid membranes.
89  Salvinorin A
(17 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
KOR (5 times)
GI (4 times)
CB (3 times)
2009 Metabolic changes in the rodent brain after acute administration of salvinorin A.
90  satellite associations
(17 times)
Genetics
(6 times)
MI (6 times)
CA (5 times)
SCE (5 times)
1966 Satellite association (SA) in familial mosaicism.
91  secondary amenorrhea
(17 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
PA (9 times)
BMI (3 times)
CA (2 times)
1992 [Dexamethasone does not normalize disordered LH pulsatility in hyperandrogenemic ovarian insufficiency].
92  segmental angle
(17 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
ACDF (6 times)
VAS (6 times)
NDI (5 times)
2012 Comparative Study between a Curved and a Wedge PEEK Cage for Single-level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Interbody Fusion.
93  semiautomated
(17 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
FA (3 times)
AU (2 times)
EID (2 times)
1991 Reliability of three computer methods in the analysis of ECG-gated radionuclide left ventriculography: interrecording, interobserver and intraobserver variability.
94  sexually active
(17 times)
Gynecology
(10 times)
PISQ-IR (9 times)
FSFI (5 times)
SI (4 times)
1996 Behavioral effects induced by the dopamine D3 agonist 7-OH-DPAT in sexually-active and -inactive male rats.
95  shoulder arthroplasty
(17 times)
Orthopedics
(14 times)
CI (2 times)
HA (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1999 Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma as an unexpected diagnosis in a shoulder arthroplasty.
96  subintimal angioplasty
(17 times)
Vascular Diseases
(15 times)
CLI (6 times)
SFA (5 times)
IA (2 times)
2002 Role of subintimal angioplasty in the treatment of chronic lower limb ischaemia.
97  Scalp acupuncture
(16 times)
Complementary Therapies
(12 times)
MCAO (3 times)
NSS (3 times)
RCTs (3 times)
2002 Reproduction of scalp acupuncture therapy on strokes in the model rats, spontaneous hypertensive rats-stroke prone (SHR-SP).
98  self-assessment
(16 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
ESA (2 times)
GRS (2 times)
2000 Dental hygiene self-assessment: a key to quality care.
99  self-awareness
(16 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
TBI (8 times)
PCRS (3 times)
fMRI (2 times)
2007 Awareness of deficits in traumatic brain injury: a multidimensional approach to assessing metacognitive knowledge and online-awareness.
100  short-acting
(16 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
LA (10 times)
ADHD (3 times)
NE (2 times)
1997 Effect of calcium antagonists on plasma norepinephrine levels, heart rate, and blood pressure.