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Abbreviation: SD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
standard deviation
(14826 times)
Medicine
(1117 times)
CI (1520 times)
OR (576 times)
BMI (548 times)
1974 Neonatal plasma lipids as measured in cord blood.
Sprague-Dawley
(6183 times)
Pharmacology
(872 times)
WKY (271 times)
TNF-alpha (253 times)
ELISA (247 times)
1966 Carcinogenic effects of intragastric 3-methylcholanthrene and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in Wistar and Sprague-Dawley rats.
stable disease
(2333 times)
Neoplasms
(1569 times)
PR (1658 times)
PD (1042 times)
CR (943 times)
1982 Aminoglutethimide in the treatment of advanced postmenopausal breast cancer.
sleep deprivation
(781 times)
Neurology
(221 times)
EEG (59 times)
NREM (39 times)
REM (32 times)
1976 Sleep deprivation in the treatment of elderly depressed patients.
short-day
(473 times)
Botany
(137 times)
LD (348 times)
FT (36 times)
CO (26 times)
1967 The control by gibberellic acid of stem elongation and flowering in biennial plants of Centaurium minus Moench.
spreading depression
(429 times)
Neurology
(199 times)
NMDA (23 times)
DC (21 times)
CBF (15 times)
1975 An injury-induced diffuse slow potential from brain.
semantic dementia
(380 times)
Neurology
(273 times)
AD (115 times)
FTD (95 times)
PNFA (85 times)
1995 The contribution of single photon emission tomography to the clinical differentiation of degenerative cortical brain disorders.
sexual dysfunction
(317 times)
Urology
(76 times)
FSFI (41 times)
MS (38 times)
ED (30 times)
1980 [Basal prolactinaemia and responses to TRH and to sulpiride in different categories of male sexual dysfunctions (author's transl)].
spectral-domain
(287 times)
Ophthalmology
(181 times)
OCT (174 times)
RNFL (51 times)
TD (38 times)
2007 Optical coherence tomography as an orientation guide in cochlear implant surgery?
10  showed a mean
(284 times)
Pediatrics
(21 times)
OR (8 times)
CI (7 times)
CT (7 times)
1986 Single breath induction of anaesthesia, using a vital capacity breath of halothane, nitrous oxide and oxygen.
11  Shine-Dalgarno
(268 times)
Molecular Biology
(96 times)
RBS (13 times)
ASD (11 times)
ORF (9 times)
1983 Construction and application of a novel plasmid "ATG vector" for direct expression of foreign genes in Escherichia coli.
12  solid dispersion
(253 times)
Pharmacology
(154 times)
DSC (64 times)
SEM (35 times)
FTIR (32 times)
1990 Physiochemical properties of phenobarbital solid dispersion with phosphatidylcholine.
13  standard diet
(227 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(32 times)
HFD (90 times)
KD (22 times)
WT (13 times)
1979 Effect of diet on dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate toxicity in rats.
14  significant difference in the mean
(215 times)
Medicine
(20 times)
CT (6 times)
CI (5 times)
BMI (4 times)
1986 Treatment of angina pectoris with nifedipine and atenolol: efficacy and effect on cardiac function.
15  sudden death
(200 times)
Cardiology
(127 times)
HCM (28 times)
ICD (23 times)
MI (16 times)
1979 Sudden coronary death and coronary artery disease. A clinicopathologic appraisal.
16  seborrheic dermatitis
(159 times)
Dermatology
(81 times)
AD (14 times)
PV (11 times)
SDASI (6 times)
1981 [In vitro blastogenic response of lymphocytes in pityriasis capitis and dermatitis seborrheica (using PHA-mitogen, Pityrosporum ovale and bacteria)].
17  spasmodic dysphonia
(133 times)
Otolaryngology
(83 times)
ADSD (10 times)
BT (9 times)
BTX (9 times)
1985 Magnetic resonance imaging findings and correlations in spasmodic dysphonia patients.
18  standard-dose
(133 times)
Radiology
(25 times)
HD (55 times)
LD (29 times)
FBP (16 times)
1976 Very high dose fluphenazine decanoate: a controlled trial in chronic schizophrenia.
19  self-directedness
(113 times)
Psychiatry
(64 times)
HA (79 times)
TCI (63 times)
NS (44 times)
1996 Migraine: temperament and character.
20  spreading depolarization
(100 times)
Neurology
(41 times)
aSAH (8 times)
ECoG (8 times)
CBF (6 times)
2000 Regional differences in hypoxic depolarization and swelling in hippocampal slices.
21  Sprague-Dawley rats
(98 times)
Physiology
(19 times)
SHR (35 times)
WKY (19 times)
SBP (8 times)
1981 Hypersensitivity of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) to heat, ether, and immobilization.
22  system dynamics
(95 times)
Environmental Health
(33 times)
GIS (4 times)
ABM (3 times)
CLD (3 times)
1998 Simulation applied to health services: opportunities for applying the system dynamics approach.
23  single dose
(90 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
MD (19 times)
DD (13 times)
NVP (8 times)
1981 Single-dose ampicillin therapy for severe shigellosis in Bangladesh.
24  spatial disorientation
(88 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(43 times)
PTA (5 times)
CD (3 times)
CSD (3 times)
1978 Spatial disorientation in general aviation accidents.
25  spray drying
(80 times)
Pharmacology
(48 times)
FD (16 times)
SFD (14 times)
DSC (7 times)
1999 Protein inhalation powders: spray drying vs spray freeze drying.
26  slit diaphragm
(68 times)
Nephrology
(23 times)
CD2AP (8 times)
FSGS (7 times)
FPs (5 times)
2003 Dynamic (re)organization of the podocyte actin cytoskeleton in the nephrotic syndrome.
27  succinate dehydrogenase
(66 times)
Neoplasms
(27 times)
SDI (21 times)
ADM (15 times)
MMC (15 times)
1963 A histochemical study of phagocytic and enzymatic functions of rabbit mononuclear and polymorphonuclear exudate cells and alveolar macrophages. I. Survey and quantitation of enzymes, and states of cellular activation.
28  solvent/detergent
(62 times)
Hematology
(44 times)
FFP (18 times)
MB (8 times)
TTP (6 times)
1988 Treatment of type III von Willebrand's disease with solvent/detergent-treated factor VIII concentrates.
29  Striae distensae
(62 times)
Dermatology
(45 times)
SA (7 times)
PIH (4 times)
PRP (4 times)
1991 Mast cell degranulation and elastolysis in the early stage of striae distensae.
30  swine dysentery
(62 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(39 times)
MIC (4 times)
MLST (4 times)
RS (4 times)
1978 Transmission of swine dysentery by carrier pigs.
31  short diameter
(61 times)
Radiology
(10 times)
LD (20 times)
PH (9 times)
CT (7 times)
1977 Hemodynamic assessment of the glutaraldehyde-preserved porcine heterograft in the aortic and mitral positions.
32  steam distillation
(61 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
GC-MS (14 times)
HD (13 times)
SE (8 times)
2003 Comparative study of extraction techniques for determination of garlic flavor components by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
33  sulfadiazine
(60 times)
Environmental Health
(26 times)
SMZ (9 times)
SAs (7 times)
OTC (6 times)
1976 Detection of sulfonamides in animal feeds.
34  Sandhoff disease
(57 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
Hex (14 times)
TSD (9 times)
AAV (7 times)
2002 Inclusions in novel perivascular macrophages (Mato's fluorescent granular perithelial cells) and neurons in the cerebral cortex of Hex A- and Hex B-deficient mice.
35  somatization disorder
(57 times)
Psychiatry
(39 times)
FC (6 times)
DMN (5 times)
fMRI (4 times)
1984 Somatization disorder and Briquet's syndrome. An assessment of their diagnostic concordance.
36  standard
(56 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
HF (12 times)
HFD (11 times)
SED (6 times)
1990 Behavioural changes on diet selection and serotonin (5-HT) turnover in rats under pizotifen treatment.
37  severe dengue
(55 times)
Communicable Diseases
(10 times)
DHF (13 times)
WHO (13 times)
DF (9 times)
2011 Dengue classification: current WHO vs. the newly suggested classification for better clinical application?
38  Segregation Distorter
(52 times)
Genetics
(30 times)
Rsp (10 times)
Sd (5 times)
Ago3 (1 time)
1972 Genetic analysis of sex chromosomal meiotic mutants in Drosophilia melanogaster.
39  social defeat
(51 times)
Psychiatry
(12 times)
BDNF (5 times)
CPP (4 times)
SA (4 times)
1999 Social stress effects on territorial marking and ultrasonic vocalizations in mice.
40  serum deprivation
(49 times)
Cell Biology
(17 times)
MSCs (9 times)
ROS (7 times)
BMSCs (4 times)
2002 Importance of FADD signaling in serum deprivation- and hypoxia-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis.
41  short photoperiod
(47 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
LD (34 times)
LH (4 times)
MBH (4 times)
1985 Dinitrogen fixation in soybean in response to leaf water stress and seed growth rate.
42  sleep disturbances
(47 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
SRI (9 times)
PROMIS (7 times)
PSQI (7 times)
2004 Nocturnal sleep disturbances and daytime dysfunction in patients with Parkinson's disease and in their caregivers.
43  sawdust
(45 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
CC (4 times)
CS (4 times)
PM (4 times)
2001 The removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions by sawdust adsorption--removal of lead and comparison of its adsorption with copper.
44  stomatal density
(45 times)
Botany
(18 times)
SI (11 times)
SL (6 times)
LMA (5 times)
2001 Relationships between flag leaf carbon isotope discrimination and several morpho-physiological traits in durum wheat genotypes under Mediterranean conditions.
45  steroid-dependent
(44 times)
Nephrology
(24 times)
SR (19 times)
FR (16 times)
NS (13 times)
1977 Physiology of steroid dependent and non-steroid dependent asthmatic youths.
46  sudden deafness
(44 times)
Otolaryngology
(33 times)
BPPV (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1983 [Evaluation of platelet function and coagulation in deafness and sudden vestibular disorders].
47  substance dependence
(43 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(17 times)
EAs (12 times)
AAs (10 times)
AD (7 times)
1997 Influences on adolescent substance dependence: conduct disorder, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and gender.
48  sleep disorders
(42 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
PSQI (6 times)
HR (5 times)
CI (4 times)
1992 [Sleep disorders in patients in recovery. Preliminary results in 20 patients].
49  semantic differential
(37 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
POMS (7 times)
HRV (4 times)
AT (2 times)
1976 Students' Ratings of Their Instructors and the Instructors' Ratings of Students in Educational Psychology.
50  shoulder dystocia
(37 times)
Obstetrics
(19 times)
BPI (4 times)
CI (4 times)
BPP (3 times)
1991 Shoulder dystocia recognition: differences in neonatal risks for injury.
51  standard chow diet
(35 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
HFD (18 times)
KD (4 times)
WD (3 times)
1999 Nutritional support in patients with cancer of the esophagus: impact on nutritional status, patient compliance to therapy, and survival.
52  study, mean
(35 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
HR (2 times)
ISS (2 times)
LDL-C (2 times)
2001 A randomized controlled trial of three years growth hormone and gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist treatment in children with idiopathic short stature and intrauterine growth retardation.
53  spray-dried
(33 times)
Pharmacology
(20 times)
SEM (6 times)
DSC (5 times)
FPF (5 times)
2004 Effect of shape of sodium salicylate particles on physical property and in vitro aerosol performance of granules prepared by pressure swing granulation method.
54  Secchi depth
(32 times)
Environmental Health
(27 times)
TN (16 times)
TP (14 times)
Chl-a (9 times)
2004 Prediction and setup of phytoplankton statistical model of Qiandaohu Lake.
55  senile dementia
(32 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
AD (15 times)
ATD (3 times)
AChE (2 times)
1980 Serum parathyroid hormone concentrations in senile dementia (Alzheimer's disease).
56  septal deviation
(30 times)
Otolaryngology
(11 times)
CT (5 times)
CB (4 times)
SS (3 times)
1992 Changes in facial recognition memory across the adult life span.
57  serologically defined
(30 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
MHC (8 times)
LD (7 times)
MLC (4 times)
1973 Phenotypic expression of the main histocompatibility complex (DL-A) in randomly selected mongrel dogs. I. Serologically detectable (SD) DL-A antigens and mixed leukocyte (MLC) reactivity.
58  sexual desire
(28 times)
Urology
(13 times)
EF (19 times)
OF (15 times)
IS (13 times)
2003 [Effect of aging on male sexual function in 93 patients using international index of erectile function].
59  spondylodiscitis
(28 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
MRI (6 times)
CRP (3 times)
CT (3 times)
2000 Diagnostic and therapeutic management of lumbar and thoracic spondylodiscitis--an evaluation of 59 cases.
60  sedentary diabetic
(27 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
SC (22 times)
TD (18 times)
TC (14 times)
1990 Beneficial effect of exercise training on cardiac long-chain acylcarnitine levels in diabetic rats.
61  sleep-deprived
(27 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
NSD (6 times)
SC (3 times)
NC (2 times)
1993 Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) extracted immediately after REM sleep deprivation prevents REM rebound and contains vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP).
62  splice donor
(27 times)
Virology
(15 times)
HIV-1 (4 times)
PBS (4 times)
SA (3 times)
1989 HTLV-1 rex and HIV-1 rev act through similar mechanisms to relieve suppression of unspliced RNA expression.
63  subthreshold depression
(27 times)
Psychiatry
(13 times)
MDD (7 times)
HCs (3 times)
DD (2 times)
2003 A comparison of GMS-A/AGECAT, DSM-III-R for dementia and depression, including subthreshold depression (SD)--results from the Berlin Aging Study (BASE).
64  disease stabilization
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
PR (17 times)
PD (7 times)
CR (6 times)
1992 Phase II study of epirubicin sequential methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil for advanced colorectal cancer.
65  sexual dimorphism
(25 times)
Genetics
(7 times)
AR (1 time)
BW (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1972 A study of the genetic basis of the sexual dimorphism for wing length in Drosophila melanogaster.
66  spermidine
(25 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
Sm (12 times)
PU (11 times)
Put (5 times)
1980 Age-related abnormalities of circulating polyamines and diamine oxidase activity in cystic fibrosis heterozygotes and homozygotes.
67  Subjects had a mean
(25 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
SCOUTS (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADNI (1 time)
1988 Prediction of oxygenation during sleep in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease.
68  sustainable development
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
CE (2 times)
DEA (2 times)
ANN (1 time)
2004 Short-term model of the production of construction aggregates in Taiwan based on artificial neural networks.
69  severely diabetic
(22 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
MD (17 times)
FBG (5 times)
HDL-C (3 times)
1978 Insulin responsiveness of isolated perfused livers from rats with streptozotocin induced diabetes.
70  somatoform disorders
(22 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
MUPS (3 times)
GPs (2 times)
SERT (2 times)
1988 Somatoform disorder in a psychiatric setting. Systematic comparisons with depression and anxiety disorders.
71  sex determination
(21 times)
Genetics
(8 times)
LG (3 times)
AMH (2 times)
PSD (2 times)
2010 Temporal ordering of motivational quality and athlete burnout in elite sport.
72  scleroderma
(20 times)
Rheumatology
(7 times)
SLE (4 times)
DM (2 times)
PAH (2 times)
1976 Standstill of nailfold capillary blood flow during cooling in scleroderma and Raynaud's syndrome.
73  segmental duplication
(20 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
CNVs (4 times)
TD (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
1991 Visualization of myosin exchange between synthetic thick filaments.
74  segregation distortion
(20 times)
Genetics
(14 times)
DH (2 times)
RILs (2 times)
AES (1 time)
1978 Population Dynamics of the Segregation Distorter Polymorphism of DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER.
75  short day length
(20 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
LD (12 times)
CSF (2 times)
OTR (2 times)
1992 Effect of reproductive function on cold tolerance in deer mice.
76  social desirability
(20 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
ADJ (2 times)
MC-SDS (2 times)
PIC (2 times)
1976 Causal priority of social desirability over self-concept: a cross-lagged correlation analysis.
77  spastic diplegia
(20 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
CP (6 times)
SQ (4 times)
GMFCS (3 times)
1981 Spastic diplegia in premature infants. Etiologic and diagnostic considerations.
78  sodium diacetate
(19 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
SL (12 times)
PS (5 times)
SB (4 times)
2004 Control of Listeria monocytogenes on frankfurters with antimicrobials in the formulation and by dipping in organic acid solutions.
79  spinal dysraphism
(19 times)
Pediatrics
(12 times)
MRI (7 times)
ARA (4 times)
ARM (4 times)
1994 The incidence of occult spinal dysraphism and the onset of neurovesical dysfunction in children with anorectal anomalies.
80  systolic dysfunction
(19 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
DD (9 times)
HF (5 times)
EF (4 times)
2003 Exercise responses of elderly patients with diastolic versus systolic heart failure.
81  Sjogren's disease
(18 times)
Therapeutics
(13 times)
RA (4 times)
SLE (3 times)
CP (2 times)
1984 [Clinico-morphological characteristics of Sjogren's syndrome (biopsy and autopsy data)].
82  stabilization of disease
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
PR (11 times)
PD (6 times)
CR (5 times)
1985 Aziridinylbenzoquinone in recurrent, progressive glioma of the central nervous system. A Phase II study by the Illinois Cancer Council.
83  standard deviation of blood glucose
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
MAGE (5 times)
MODD (5 times)
24-h MG (2 times)
1997 Reproducibility of time-domain indexes of heart rate variability in patients with vasovagal syncope.
84  seconds
(17 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
COPD (2 times)
1L-HH (1 time)
1L-NH (1 time)
1982 Verapamil versus placebo in relieving stable angina pectoris.
85  single domain
(17 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
MD (11 times)
aMCI (6 times)
AD (3 times)
1991 Modulation of spike frequencies by varying the ambient magnetic field and magnetite candidates in bees (Apis mellifera).
86  sodium deoxycholate
(17 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
SDS (6 times)
BP (2 times)
ECM (2 times)
1992 Toxic effect of bile acid ingestion in rats.
87  soma-dendritic
(17 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
IS (14 times)
AHP (3 times)
LC (2 times)
1972 Studies of antidromically identified neurosecretory cells of the hypothalamus by intracellular and extracellular recordings.
88  Status dystonicus
(17 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
DBS (6 times)
GPi (4 times)
BAD (1 time)
2005 Status Dystonicus: study of five cases.
89  sulcus depth
(17 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
CTC (5 times)
JE (5 times)
CT (3 times)
1994 A comparison of alveolar bone grafting with and without simultaneous maxillary osteotomies in cleft palate patients.
90  discriminative stimulus
(16 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(9 times)
COC (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DRC (1 time)
1978 Brief communication. Inability of hexamethonium to block the discriminative stimulus (SD) property of nicotine.
91  Scheuermann's disease
(16 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
PI (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
LBP (2 times)
1984 Scheuermann's disease. Clinical and radiological survey of 17 and 18 year olds.
92  score improved from a mean
(16 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
QOL (3 times)
A/PSF (1 time)
A1R (1 time)
2006 Overlapping anal sphincter repair and anterior levatorplasty: effect of patient's age and duration of follow-up.
93  severe dysplasia
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CIS (10 times)
MD (10 times)
MOD (3 times)
1996 Relationship of esophageal dysplasia to associated head and neck cancer in patients with esophageal carcinoma.
94  sports drink
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
BW (2 times)
AJ (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1998 Fluid replacement needs of well-trained male and female athletes during indoor and outdoor steady state running.
95  stocking density
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
BW (2 times)
AA (1 time)
AMU (1 time)
1992 Interactive effects of high stocking density and triiodothyronine-administration on aspects of the in vivo intermediary metabolism and in vitro hepatic response to catecholamine and pancreatic hormone stimulation in brook charr, Salvelinus fontinalis.
96  striated duct
(16 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
GCT (11 times)
SMG (9 times)
ID (6 times)
1986 Immunohistochemical demonstration of keratin proteins in duct-ligated salivary glands of mice and rats.
97  study in Crl:CD
(16 times)
Toxicology
(10 times)
NOAEL (6 times)
OECD (2 times)
4DDM (1 time)
1988 Hepatobiliary metabolism and urinary excretion of 4-demethoxydaunorubicin as compared to daunorubicin in rats.
98  screen-detected
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
CRC (3 times)
IC (3 times)
NSD (3 times)
1997 Post screen-detected breast cancer within the Screening Mammography Program of British Columbia.
99  selective decontamination
(15 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ALL (1 time)
ANLL (1 time)
BMT (1 time)
1982 The last epidemic: selective decontamination in the control of mortality among radiation victims.
100  Shine-Dalgarno sequence
(15 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
nt (2 times)
TIR (2 times)
TPS (2 times)
1984 Effects of alterations in the translation control region on bacterial gene expression: use of cat gene constructs transcribed from the lac promoter as a model system.