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Abbreviation: SD
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Long forms: 2002

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
standard deviation
(10923 times)
Medicine
(807 times)
CI (1005 times)
OR (371 times)
BMI (370 times)
0 Coincidence and Awareness of the Relationship Between Temporomandibular Disorders and Jaw Injury, Orthodontic Treatment, and Third Molar Removal in University Students.
Sprague-Dawley
(4900 times)
Pharmacology
(604 times)
WKY (255 times)
SHR (232 times)
TNF-alpha (159 times)
1966 Carcinogenic effects of intragastric 3-methylcholanthrene and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in Wistar and Sprague-Dawley rats.
stable disease
(1874 times)
Neoplasms
(1307 times)
PR (1327 times)
PD (828 times)
CR (762 times)
0 [Long-term treatment of venous thromboembolism in patients with cancer].
sleep deprivation
(603 times)
Neurology
(185 times)
EEG (52 times)
NREM (38 times)
REM (29 times)
1976 Sleep deprivation in the treatment of elderly depressed patients.
spreading depression
(421 times)
Neurology
(195 times)
NMDA (23 times)
DC (21 times)
CBF (15 times)
1975 An injury-induced diffuse slow potential from brain.
short-day
(404 times)
Botany
(112 times)
LD (300 times)
FT (29 times)
CO (19 times)
1967 The control by gibberellic acid of stem elongation and flowering in biennial plants of Centaurium minus Moench.
semantic dementia
(339 times)
Neurology
(246 times)
AD (105 times)
FTD (85 times)
PNFA (75 times)
1995 The contribution of single photon emission tomography to the clinical differentiation of degenerative cortical brain disorders.
Shine-Dalgarno
(250 times)
Molecular Biology
(90 times)
RBS (12 times)
aSD (9 times)
ORF (9 times)
1983 Construction and application of a novel plasmid "ATG vector" for direct expression of foreign genes in Escherichia coli.
sexual dysfunction
(236 times)
Urology
(63 times)
MS (26 times)
FSFI (25 times)
ED (22 times)
1980 [Basal prolactinaemia and responses to TRH and to sulpiride in different categories of male sexual dysfunctions (author's transl)].
10  solid dispersion
(193 times)
Pharmacology
(125 times)
DSC (50 times)
FTIR (25 times)
SEM (24 times)
1990 Physiochemical properties of phenobarbital solid dispersion with phosphatidylcholine.
11  showed a mean
(187 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(15 times)
CT (7 times)
VAS (7 times)
CI (4 times)
1986 Single breath induction of anaesthesia, using a vital capacity breath of halothane, nitrous oxide and oxygen.
12  spectral-domain
(185 times)
Ophthalmology
(141 times)
OCT (142 times)
TD (36 times)
RNFL (34 times)
2007 Optical coherence tomography as an orientation guide in cochlear implant surgery?
13  significant difference in the mean
(175 times)
Medicine
(16 times)
CT (5 times)
BMI (4 times)
OSA (4 times)
1986 Treatment of angina pectoris with nifedipine and atenolol: efficacy and effect on cardiac function.
14  sudden death
(166 times)
Cardiology
(106 times)
HCM (23 times)
ICD (20 times)
AMI (14 times)
1979 Sudden coronary death and coronary artery disease. A clinicopathologic appraisal.
15  standard diet
(133 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(22 times)
HFD (46 times)
KD (14 times)
WT (10 times)
1979 Effect of diet on dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate toxicity in rats.
16  seborrheic dermatitis
(132 times)
Dermatology
(71 times)
AD (13 times)
PV (10 times)
SDASI (6 times)
1981 [In vitro blastogenic response of lymphocytes in pityriasis capitis and dermatitis seborrheica (using PHA-mitogen, Pityrosporum ovale and bacteria)].
17  spasmodic dysphonia
(108 times)
Otolaryngology
(66 times)
BTX (8 times)
ADSD (7 times)
BT (7 times)
1985 Magnetic resonance imaging findings and correlations in spasmodic dysphonia patients.
18  self-directedness
(103 times)
Psychiatry
(61 times)
HA (72 times)
TCI (59 times)
NS (38 times)
1996 Migraine: temperament and character.
19  Sprague-Dawley rats
(96 times)
Physiology
(19 times)
SHR (37 times)
WKY (20 times)
SBP (8 times)
1981 Hypersensitivity of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) to heat, ether, and immobilization.
20  standard dose
(89 times)
Radiology
(15 times)
HD (36 times)
LD (21 times)
FBP (11 times)
1976 Very high dose fluphenazine decanoate: a controlled trial in chronic schizophrenia.
21  single dose
(74 times)
Pharmacology
(14 times)
MD (17 times)
DD (11 times)
NVP (8 times)
1981 Single-dose ampicillin therapy for severe shigellosis in Bangladesh.
22  spatial disorientation
(72 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(35 times)
PTA (5 times)
CSD (3 times)
mPFC (3 times)
1978 Spatial disorientation in general aviation accidents.
23  succinate dehydrogenase
(64 times)
Neoplasms
(27 times)
SDI (21 times)
ADM (15 times)
MMC (15 times)
1963 A histochemical study of phagocytic and enzymatic functions of rabbit mononuclear and polymorphonuclear exudate cells and alveolar macrophages. I. Survey and quantitation of enzymes, and states of cellular activation.
24  solvent/detergent
(62 times)
Hematology
(44 times)
FFP (18 times)
MB (8 times)
TTP (6 times)
1988 Treatment of type III von Willebrand's disease with solvent/detergent-treated factor VIII concentrates.
25  slit diaphragm
(61 times)
Nephrology
(23 times)
CD2AP (8 times)
FSGS (6 times)
FPs (5 times)
2003 The role of podocytes in glomerular pathobiology.
26  system dynamics
(58 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
GIS (4 times)
GMB (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
1998 Simulation applied to health services: opportunities for applying the system dynamics approach.
27  spray drying
(55 times)
Pharmacology
(35 times)
SFD (11 times)
FD (8 times)
DSC (5 times)
1999 Protein inhalation powders: spray drying vs spray freeze drying.
28  spreading depolarization
(55 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
ECoG (6 times)
aSAH (5 times)
CBF (3 times)
2000 Regional differences in hypoxic depolarization and swelling in hippocampal slices.
29  swine dysentery
(54 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(34 times)
MIC (4 times)
MLST (4 times)
STs (4 times)
1978 Transmission of swine dysentery by carrier pigs.
30  steam distillation
(52 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(14 times)
GC-MS (10 times)
HD (7 times)
HS-SPME (7 times)
2003 Comparative study of extraction techniques for determination of garlic flavor components by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
31  Segregation Distorter
(49 times)
Genetics
(28 times)
Rsp (10 times)
Sd (5 times)
AGO3 (1 time)
1972 Genetic analysis of sex chromosomal meiotic mutants in Drosophilia melanogaster.
32  somatization disorder
(48 times)
Psychiatry
(34 times)
DMN (5 times)
CBT (3 times)
EPQ (3 times)
1984 Somatization disorder and Briquet's syndrome. An assessment of their diagnostic concordance.
33  short photoperiod
(45 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
LD (32 times)
LH (4 times)
MBH (4 times)
1985 Dinitrogen fixation in soybean in response to leaf water stress and seed growth rate.
34  Sandhoff disease
(43 times)
Molecular Biology
(12 times)
Hex (10 times)
TSD (7 times)
AAV (5 times)
2002 Inclusions in novel perivascular macrophages (Mato's fluorescent granular perithelial cells) and neurons in the cerebral cortex of Hex A- and Hex B-deficient mice.
35  serum deprivation
(43 times)
Cell Biology
(17 times)
MSCs (7 times)
ROS (5 times)
PASMCs (4 times)
2002 Importance of FADD signaling in serum deprivation- and hypoxia-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis.
36  substance dependence
(40 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(16 times)
EAs (12 times)
AAs (10 times)
AD (6 times)
1997 Influences on adolescent substance dependence: conduct disorder, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and gender.
37  standard
(39 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
HF (12 times)
SED (6 times)
Tr (6 times)
1990 Behavioural changes on diet selection and serotonin (5-HT) turnover in rats under pizotifen treatment.
38  steroid-dependent
(39 times)
Nephrology
(21 times)
SR (16 times)
FR (12 times)
NS (11 times)
1977 Physiology of steroid dependent and non-steroid dependent asthmatic youths.
39  Striae distensae
(38 times)
Dermatology
(28 times)
SA (3 times)
IPL (2 times)
LFE (2 times)
1991 Mast cell degranulation and elastolysis in the early stage of striae distensae.
40  sudden deafness
(38 times)
Otolaryngology
(29 times)
BPPV (3 times)
CI (2 times)
IBSH (2 times)
1983 [Evaluation of platelet function and coagulation in deafness and sudden vestibular disorders].
41  short diameter
(35 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
LD (12 times)
PH (6 times)
CT (3 times)
1977 Hemodynamic assessment of the glutaraldehyde-preserved porcine heterograft in the aortic and mitral positions.
42  sulfadiazine
(35 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
SM (4 times)
SMZ (4 times)
DSC (3 times)
1976 Detection of sulfonamides in animal feeds.
43  sawdust
(32 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
PM (4 times)
CC (3 times)
GS (3 times)
2001 The removal of heavy metals from aqueous solutions by sawdust adsorption--removal of lead and comparison of its adsorption with copper.
44  semantic differential
(32 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
POMS (7 times)
HRV (4 times)
oxyHb (2 times)
1976 Students' Ratings of Their Instructors and the Instructors' Ratings of Students in Educational Psychology.
45  severe dengue
(31 times)
Tropical Medicine
(8 times)
WHO (10 times)
DHF (8 times)
DF (6 times)
2011 Dengue classification: current WHO vs. the newly suggested classification for better clinical application?
46  sleep disorders
(31 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
HR (4 times)
PSQI (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1992 [Sleep disorders in patients in recovery. Preliminary results in 20 patients].
47  social defeat
(31 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
BDNF (3 times)
EPM (3 times)
BLA (2 times)
1999 Social stress effects on territorial marking and ultrasonic vocalizations in mice.
48  serologically defined
(30 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
MHC (8 times)
LD (7 times)
MLC (4 times)
1973 Phenotypic expression of the main histocompatibility complex (DL-A) in randomly selected mongrel dogs. I. Serologically detectable (SD) DL-A antigens and mixed leukocyte (MLC) reactivity.
49  stomatal density
(29 times)
Botany
(12 times)
SI (11 times)
SL (5 times)
LMA (4 times)
2001 Relationships between flag leaf carbon isotope discrimination and several morpho-physiological traits in durum wheat genotypes under Mediterranean conditions.
50  sleep disturbances
(28 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
PSQI (5 times)
AD (3 times)
ESAS (3 times)
2004 Nocturnal sleep disturbances and daytime dysfunction in patients with Parkinson's disease and in their caregivers.
51  shoulder dystocia
(27 times)
Obstetrics
(13 times)
BPI (4 times)
BPP (3 times)
OVD (2 times)
1991 Shoulder dystocia recognition: differences in neonatal risks for injury.
52  splice donor
(27 times)
Virology
(15 times)
HIV-1 (4 times)
PBS (4 times)
SA (3 times)
1989 HTLV-1 rex and HIV-1 rev act through similar mechanisms to relieve suppression of unspliced RNA expression.
53  senile dementia
(25 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
AD (10 times)
ATD (3 times)
AChE (2 times)
1980 Serum parathyroid hormone concentrations in senile dementia (Alzheimer's disease).
54  spermidine
(25 times)
Botany
(4 times)
Sm (12 times)
PU (11 times)
Put (5 times)
1980 Age-related abnormalities of circulating polyamines and diamine oxidase activity in cystic fibrosis heterozygotes and homozygotes.
55  disease stabilization
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
PR (17 times)
PD (7 times)
CR (6 times)
1992 Phase II study of epirubicin sequential methotrexate and 5-fluorouracil for advanced colorectal cancer.
56  sedentary diabetic
(24 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
SC (19 times)
TD (16 times)
TC (13 times)
1990 Beneficial effect of exercise training on cardiac long-chain acylcarnitine levels in diabetic rats.
57  sexual desire
(24 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(12 times)
EF (16 times)
OF (13 times)
ED (10 times)
2002 [Effect of aging on male sexual function in 93 patients using international index of erectile function].
58  spray-dried
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
DSC (5 times)
SEM (5 times)
FPF (4 times)
2003 Effect of shape of sodium salicylate particles on physical property and in vitro aerosol performance of granules prepared by pressure swing granulation method.
59  sleep-deprived
(23 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
NSD (6 times)
SC (3 times)
NC (2 times)
1993 Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) extracted immediately after REM sleep deprivation prevents REM rebound and contains vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP).
60  Subjects had a mean
(23 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
SCOUTS (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADNI (1 time)
1988 Prediction of oxygenation during sleep in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease.
61  sexual dimorphism
(22 times)
Genetics
(7 times)
BW (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DA (1 time)
1972 A study of the genetic basis of the sexual dimorphism for wing length in Drosophila melanogaster.
62  severely diabetic
(21 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
MD (16 times)
FBG (5 times)
HDL-C (3 times)
1978 Insulin responsiveness of isolated perfused livers from rats with streptozotocin induced diabetes.
63  study, mean
(21 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
HR (2 times)
ISS (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2001 A randomized controlled trial of three years growth hormone and gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist treatment in children with idiopathic short stature and intrauterine growth retardation.
64  septal deviation
(20 times)
Otolaryngology
(9 times)
CB (4 times)
CT (4 times)
SS (3 times)
1992 Changes in facial recognition memory across the adult life span.
65  social desirability
(20 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
ADJ (2 times)
Agg-IAT (2 times)
MC-SDS (2 times)
1976 Causal priority of social desirability over self-concept: a cross-lagged correlation analysis.
66  spastic diplegia
(20 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
CP (6 times)
SQ (4 times)
GMFCS (3 times)
1981 Spastic diplegia in premature infants. Etiologic and diagnostic considerations.
67  sodium diacetate
(19 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(15 times)
SL (12 times)
PS (5 times)
SB (4 times)
2004 Control of Listeria monocytogenes on frankfurters with antimicrobials in the formulation and by dipping in organic acid solutions.
68  segregation distortion
(18 times)
Genetics
(14 times)
DH (2 times)
RILs (2 times)
AES (1 time)
1978 Population Dynamics of the Segregation Distorter Polymorphism of DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER.
69  short day length
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
LD (11 times)
CSF (2 times)
OTR (2 times)
1992 Effect of reproductive function on cold tolerance in deer mice.
70  somatoform disorders
(18 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
MUPS (3 times)
GPs (2 times)
SERT (2 times)
1988 Somatoform disorder in a psychiatric setting. Systematic comparisons with depression and anxiety disorders.
71  Sjogren's disease
(17 times)
Therapeutics
(13 times)
RA (3 times)
SLE (3 times)
CP (2 times)
1984 [Clinico-morphological characteristics of Sjogren's syndrome (biopsy and autopsy data)].
72  soma-dendritic
(17 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
IS (14 times)
AHP (3 times)
LC (2 times)
1972 Studies of antidromically identified neurosecretory cells of the hypothalamus by intracellular and extracellular recordings.
73  Secchi depth
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
TN (10 times)
TP (9 times)
Chl-a (5 times)
2004 Prediction and setup of phytoplankton statistical model of Qiandaohu Lake.
74  single-domain
(16 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
MD (10 times)
aMCI (5 times)
AD (3 times)
1991 Modulation of spike frequencies by varying the ambient magnetic field and magnetite candidates in bees (Apis mellifera).
75  stabilization of disease
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
PR (10 times)
PD (5 times)
CR (4 times)
1985 Aziridinylbenzoquinone in recurrent, progressive glioma of the central nervous system. A Phase II study by the Illinois Cancer Council.
76  striated duct
(16 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
GCT (11 times)
SMG (9 times)
ID (6 times)
1986 Immunohistochemical demonstration of keratin proteins in duct-ligated salivary glands of mice and rats.
77  scleroderma
(15 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
DM (2 times)
ACA (1 time)
CTGF (1 time)
1976 Standstill of nailfold capillary blood flow during cooling in scleroderma and Raynaud's syndrome.
78  selective decontamination
(15 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
ALL (1 time)
ANLL (1 time)
BMT (1 time)
1982 The last epidemic: selective decontamination in the control of mortality among radiation victims.
79  severe dysplasia
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CIS (10 times)
MD (10 times)
MOD (3 times)
1996 Relationship of esophageal dysplasia to associated head and neck cancer in patients with esophageal carcinoma.
80  systolic dysfunction
(15 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
DD (7 times)
HF (4 times)
EF (3 times)
2003 Exercise responses of elderly patients with diastolic versus systolic heart failure.
81  discriminative stimulus
(14 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(9 times)
COC (1 time)
DA (1 time)
DRC (1 time)
1978 Brief communication. Inability of hexamethonium to block the discriminative stimulus (SD) property of nicotine.
82  Salla disease
(14 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ISSD (7 times)
CNS (1 time)
FIN (1 time)
1994 Phenotypic variation and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in Salla disease, a free sialic acid storage disorder.
83  Scheuermann's disease
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
LBP (2 times)
PI (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
1984 Scheuermann's disease. Clinical and radiological survey of 17 and 18 year olds.
84  screen-detected
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
NSD (3 times)
OR (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1997 Post screen-detected breast cancer within the Screening Mammography Program of British Columbia.
85  spinal dysraphism
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
MRI (5 times)
ARA (4 times)
ARM (3 times)
1994 The incidence of occult spinal dysraphism and the onset of neurovesical dysfunction in children with anorectal anomalies.
86  sudden cardiac death
(14 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
ICD (2 times)
MI (2 times)
VR (2 times)
1990 [Study of lethal arrhythmias using Holter ECG monitoring].
87  score improved from a mean
(13 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
QOL (2 times)
A1R (1 time)
ASES (1 time)
2006 Overlapping anal sphincter repair and anterior levatorplasty: effect of patient's age and duration of follow-up.
88  segmental duplication
(13 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
CNVs (3 times)
ADHD (1 time)
AML (1 time)
2003 [Segment duplications in the human genome].
89  sex determination
(13 times)
Genetics
(5 times)
LG (2 times)
AMH (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
2011 Temporal ordering of motivational quality and athlete burnout in elite sport.
90  secure digital
(12 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(4 times)
ECG (3 times)
FED (2 times)
PDA (2 times)
2006 Knowledge in the Palm of your hands: PDAs in the clinical setting.
91  severe disability
(12 times)
Neurosurgery
(10 times)
MD (10 times)
GR (9 times)
VS (5 times)
1991 Effect of Weight Loss in the Morbidly Obese Patient with Severe Disability.
92  Shine-Dalgarno sequence
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
nt (2 times)
TIR (2 times)
aa (1 time)
1984 Effects of alterations in the translation control region on bacterial gene expression: use of cat gene constructs transcribed from the lac promoter as a model system.
93  spondylodiscitis
(12 times)
Communicable Diseases
(4 times)
MRI (3 times)
CRP (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2000 Diagnostic and therapeutic management of lumbar and thoracic spondylodiscitis--an evaluation of 59 cases.
94  standard chow diet
(12 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
HFD (9 times)
alpha-MSH (1 time)
ApoE (1 time)
2011 High-fat diet associated with obesity induces impairment of mouse corpus cavernosum responses.
95  sulcus depth
(12 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
CTC (5 times)
JE (5 times)
BW (2 times)
1994 A comparison of alveolar bone grafting with and without simultaneous maxillary osteotomies in cleft palate patients.
96  sustainable development
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
ANN (1 time)
BR (1 time)
CBA (1 time)
2004 Short-term model of the production of construction aggregates in Taiwan based on artificial neural networks.
97  sagittal diameter
(11 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
TD (2 times)
WC (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1976 Correlation coefficients for electrocardiographic and constitutional variables.
98  sigmoid diverticulitis
(11 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
CT (3 times)
CD (1 time)
CRSD (1 time)
2010 Microscopic findings in sigmoid diverticulitis--changes after conservative therapy.
99  sodium deoxycholate
(11 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
SDS (5 times)
BP (2 times)
ECM (2 times)
1992 Toxic effect of bile acid ingestion in rats.
100  South Dakota
(11 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
IN (2 times)
BIE (1 time)
CDC (1 time)
1994 The case for managed cooperation (not competition): South Dakota Mental Health Linkage Project.