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Abbreviation: SEM
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
scanning electron microscopy
(34748 times)
Chemistry
(3403 times)
XRD (7775 times)
TEM (5159 times)
FTIR (4985 times)
1970 Scanning-beam electron microscopy of Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
structural equation modeling
(2792 times)
Psychology
(370 times)
CFA (116 times)
SES (57 times)
QOL (56 times)
1991 Reporting structural equation modeling results in Psychology and Aging: some proposed guidelines.
standard error of measurement
(1692 times)
Rehabilitation
(198 times)
ICC (552 times)
MDC (221 times)
ICCs (82 times)
1975 The significance of serum progesterone and serum unconjugated oestradiol-17beta in unaborted hydatidiform mole.
simultaneously extracted metals
(89 times)
Environmental Health
(80 times)
AVS (83 times)
TOC (9 times)
OC (5 times)
1999 Copper bioavailability in Steilacoom Lake sediments.
social ecological model
(80 times)
Public Health
(27 times)
PA (4 times)
ASL (2 times)
HPV (2 times)
2008 Implementing safe routes to school: application for the socioecological model and issues to consider.
semicarbazide
(54 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(22 times)
AOZ (16 times)
AHD (15 times)
AMOZ (15 times)
2004 Semicarbazide is a minor thermal decomposition product of azodicarbonamide used in the gaskets of certain food jars.
sexually explicit media
(47 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(24 times)
MSM (15 times)
CPC (2 times)
GBM (2 times)
2008 Pornography, sexual socialization, and satisfaction among young men.
saccadic eye movements
(31 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
PSV (4 times)
PS (3 times)
SRT (3 times)
1985 The role of cerebral cortex in the generation of voluntary saccades: a positron emission tomographic study.
sport and exercise medicine
(31 times)
Sports Medicine
(14 times)
MSK (4 times)
NCD (4 times)
GPs (3 times)
2009 The role of the sports and exercise medicine physician in the National Health Service: a questionnaire-based survey.
10  subepidermal moisture
(25 times)
Nursing
(13 times)
PU (6 times)
NH (4 times)
PUs (4 times)
2007 Subepidermal moisture predicts erythema and stage 1 pressure ulcers in nursing home residents: a pilot study.
11  sound, eye, and motor
(24 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
VAS (6 times)
ANOVA (3 times)
FPS (3 times)
2001 A comparison of parenteral and electronic dental anesthesia during operative procedures in children.
12  slow eye movement
(20 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
EOG (8 times)
EEG (3 times)
MWT (3 times)
1976 Braking saccade--a new fast eye movement.
13  scanning EM
(16 times)
Science
(2 times)
EM (11 times)
TEM (11 times)
LM (3 times)
1989 Ultrastructure of Pneumocystis carinii: a review of internal and surface characteristics.
14  stretched exponential model
(16 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
DWI (11 times)
ADC (9 times)
DDC (9 times)
2014 Non-Gaussian analysis of diffusion weighted imaging in head and neck at 3T: a pilot study in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
15  skin, eye and mouth
(13 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
HSV (11 times)
CNS (8 times)
CI (2 times)
1986 Neonatal herpes simplex virus infections. Presentation and management.
16  spatial error model
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
SLM (9 times)
OLS (5 times)
FDI (2 times)
2009 Using spatial regression methods to examine the association between county-level racial/ethnic composition and reported cases of Chlamydia and gonorrhea: an illustration with data from the state of Texas.
17  spinal epidural metastases
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
IMM (1 time)
1997 Spinal epidural metastasis as the initial manifestation of malignancy: clinical features and diagnostic approach.
18  spectral element method
(10 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
FEM (2 times)
AD (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
2006 An efficient forward solver in electrical impedance tomography by spectral element method.
19  subendothelial matrix
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AG (1 time)
BAECs (1 time)
BC (1 time)
1992 Increased expression of alpha IIb beta 3 integrin in subpopulations of murine melanoma cells with high lung-colonizing ability.
20  significant difference in mean
(9 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
CDR-SOB (1 time)
DL (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1993 In vivo free radical production after cross-clamping and reperfusion of the renal artery in the rabbit.
21  seminomas
(8 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
CCARI (1 time)
CIS (1 time)
1992 Detection of RAS mutations in archival testicular germ cell tumors by polymerase chain reaction and oligonucleotide hybridization.
22  significantly lower mean
(8 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ABZ (1 time)
AP (1 time)
c.f.u (1 time)
1991 Blood flow reactivity to hypercapnia in strictly unilateral carotid disease: preliminary results.
23  surface morphology
(8 times)
Polysaccharides
(3 times)
AC-chitosan (1 time)
AMPS (1 time)
CMCS (1 time)
2011 Carbamazepine-loaded porous microspheres for short-term sustained drug delivery.
24  simultaneous equation model
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
BMI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2004 Using simultaneous equation modeling for defining complex phenotypes.
25  self-evaluation maintenance
(6 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
--- 1988 Some affective consequences of social comparison and reflection processes: the pain and pleasure of being close.
26  significant reductions in mean
(6 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
OGTT (1 time)
1993 Effect of hyperventilation and mental stress on coronary blood flow in syndrome X.
27  Society for Microbiology
(6 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
FEMS (1 time)
1996 [The journal of the Spanish Society of Microbiology, 1945-1995].
28  stochastic expectation maximization
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
EM (2 times)
PET (2 times)
CBM (1 time)
2004 Evaluations of maximization procedures for estimating linkage parameters under heterogeneity.
29  studied by means of scanning
(6 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
TEM (4 times)
IDL (1 time)
LPIC (1 time)
1978 Ependyma and ependymal protrusions of the lateral ventricles of the rabbit brain.
30  subjects had a mean
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AHI (1 time)
BRS (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1989 Inhaled lysine-aspirin as a bronchoprovocation procedure in aspirin-sensitive asthma: its repeatability, absence of a late-phase reaction, and the role of histamine.
31  subjects, mean
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AMP (1 time)
ANP (1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
1994 High dose inhaled atrial natriuretic peptide is a bronchodilator in asthmatic subjects.
32  surface-epitope masking
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
mAbs (2 times)
PCTA-1 (2 times)
ECD (1 time)
1994 Surface-epitope masking: a strategy for the development of monoclonal antibodies specific for molecules expressed on the cell surface.
33  SE of the measurement
(5 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
MID (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
BCAM (1 time)
2017 The long-term reliability of static and dynamic quantitative sensory testing in healthy individuals.
34  single measurement
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
ICC (4 times)
PI (3 times)
PT (3 times)
2014 Influence of pelvic rotation on pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt, and sacral slope.
35  Small-Ear-Miniature
(5 times)
Parasitology
(4 times)
L-SEM (5 times)
DYL (2 times)
1989 Experimental infection of Indonesia Taenia (Samosir strain) in domestic animals.
36  speed endurance maintenance
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
SEP (5 times)
5-m MST (2 times)
RPE (1 time)
2014 Physiological response, time-motion characteristics, and reproducibility of various speed-endurance drills in elite youth soccer players: small-sided games versus generic running.
37  secondary electron multiplier
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
CTOF (1 time)
FPC (1 time)
HM (1 time)
2004 Characterization of a focal plane camera fitted to a Mattauch-Herzog geometry mass spectrograph. 2. Use with an inductively coupled plasma.
38  significant difference in the mean
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
hs-CRP (1 time)
hs-cTn (1 time)
IC (1 time)
1990 Pancreatic exocrine function after a sutureless pancreatico-jejunostomy following pancreaticoduodenectomy.
39  soil extract medium
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CHL (1 time)
DPA (1 time)
IMZ (1 time)
2005 Non-specific biodegradation of the organophosphorus pesticides, cadusafos and ethoprophos, by two bacterial isolates.
40  studied by light microscopy with scanning
(4 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
TEM (2 times)
ECM (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
1984 A randomized placebo-controlled double-blind trial of nimodipine after SAH in monkeys. Part 2: Pathological findings.
41  systolic ejection murmur
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AS (2 times)
ACG (1 time)
FoCUS (1 time)
1980 [Evaluation of pulmonary valve stenosis by means of phonomechanocardiography].
42  semantic
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BS (1 time)
BSR (1 time)
2006 Cortical dynamics of visual/semantic vs. phonological analysis in picture confrontation.
43  semduramicin
(3 times)
Food Additives
(1 time)
DIB-Cl (1 time)
HCPI (1 time)
LAS (1 time)
2006 Tiamulin and semduramicin: effects of simultaneous administration on performance and health of growing broiler chickens.
44  shear elastic modulus
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
2,3-DPG (1 time)
AS (1 time)
EI (1 time)
2014 Changes in morphological and elastic properties of patellar tendon in athletes with unilateral patellar tendinopathy and their relationships with pain and functional disability.
45  shorter mean
(3 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
CB1 (1 time)
CCRC (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1996 Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of tolfenamic acid in calves.
46  significant mean
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AERD (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
FeNO (1 time)
1994 Effects of polycythaemia and haemodilution on circulation in neonates.
47  significantly reduced the mean
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
hPCC (1 time)
1991 Respiratory compliance in premature babies treated with artificial surfactant (ALEC).
48  skin-eye-mouth
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
HSV (3 times)
CNS (2 times)
DIS (1 time)
1994 Neonatal herpes simplex virus infection: pathogenesis and treatment in the guinea pig.
49  Sounds, Eyes, Motor
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CCLAD (1 time)
IANB (1 time)
ILA (1 time)
2003 Children's preference of benzocaine gel versus the lidocaine patch.
50  staphylococcal enterotoxin M
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
SE (1 time)
SSF (1 time)
2017 Identification and measurement of staphylococcal enterotoxin M from Staphylococcus aureus isolate associated with staphylococcal food poisoning.
51  startle eyeblink modulation
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AN (2 times)
APTD (1 time)
BN (1 time)
2001 Attentional stages of information processing during a continuous performance test: a startle modification analysis.
52  75Se-selenomethionine
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HL (1 time)
NL (1 time)
1975 75Se-selenomethionine-labeled lipoproteins in hyperlipidemic and normolipidemic humans.
53  RESULTS: Estimated marginal means
(2 times)
Frail Elderly
(1 time)
WL (2 times)
WS (2 times)
DXA (1 time)
2010 Improved nutrient intake in older obese adults undergoing a structured diet and exercise intentional weight loss program.
54  scanning microscope
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
LB (1 time)
PET (1 time)
1983 An attempt at comparison of the morphology of normal and RSV--transformed cells in a scanning microscope.
55  SE of the mean
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
PC (1 time)
2016 Structure, Organization, and Delivery of Critical Care in Asian ICUs.
56  searching eye movement
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
NEF (1 time)
SPEM (1 time)
TESL (1 time)
1996 Searching eye movement, smooth pursuit eye movement and schizophrenia.
57  segmental endocardial motion
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CK (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
AQ (1 time)
1997 Detection of left ventricular systolic and diastolic abnormalities in patients with coronary artery disease by color kinesis.
58  selectable and excisable marker
(2 times)
Genetic Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2011 A selectable and excisable marker system for the rapid creation of recombinant poxviruses.
59  selective estrogen mimics
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ER (2 times)
BPTPE (1 time)
PKCalpha (1 time)
2014 Novel selective estrogen mimics for the treatment of tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer.
60  selectivity enhancing moiety
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
SEO (2 times)
2010 Exploration of amino alcohol derivatives as novel, potent, and highly selective sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor subtype-1 agonists.
61  semantic memory
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ABS (2 times)
FE (2 times)
NP (2 times)
2003 A prospective 2-year follow-up study of neurocognitive functioning in patients with first-episode schizophrenia.
62  Semarang
(2 times)
Nutrition Disorders
(1 time)
FFQ (1 time)
JAK (1 time)
JFT (1 time)
1986 Reproduction in Javanese sheep: evidence for a gene with large effect on ovulation rate and litter size.
63  semiquinone formation constants K
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Mesoionic bora-tetraazapentalenes--fully reversible two step redox systems.
64  sequential extraction method
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
2018 A new method for assessment of sediment-associated contamination risks using multivariate statistical approach.
65  Shanghai Entomological Museum
(2 times)
Animals
(2 times)
ECNU (1 time)
2013 Revision of the genus Neocyrtopsis Liu & Zhang (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: Meconematinae).
66  significant change in mean
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BMT (1 time)
TBI (1 time)
1993 Growth and growth hormone secretion after bone marrow transplantation.
67  Significantly greater pre- to post-application reductions in mean
(2 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
CAE (1 time)
ITN (1 time)
ODS (1 time)
2019 Symptom improvement in dry eye subjects following intranasal tear neurostimulation: Results of two studies utilizing a controlled adverse environment.
68  similar mean
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
aMT.6S (1 time)
PCWP (1 time)
1998 6-Sulfatoxymelatonin excretion and self-reported sleep in good sleeping controls and 55-80-year-old insomniacs.
69  six women of mean
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
TOE (1 time)
vWF (1 time)
1995 Increased markers of thrombogenesis in chronic atrial fibrillation: effects of warfarin treatment.
70  size, morphology
(2 times)
Pharmacological Phenomena
(1 time)
GMS (1 time)
LID (1 time)
scCO2 (1 time)
2020 Reduction of Biofouling of a Microfiltration Membrane Using Amide Functionalities-Hydrophilization without Changes in Morphology.
71  slow rolling eye movements
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 1988 Extreme sleepiness: quantification of EOG and spectral EEG parameters.
72  smooth eye movements
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
FEF (1 time)
1995 Predictive human pursuit and "orbital goal" of microstimulated smooth eye movements.
73  smooth morphologies
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
SGF (1 time)
2006 Preparation, characterization, and in vivo anti-ulcer evaluation of pantoprazole-loaded microparticles.
74  social emergency medicine
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
SDOH (2 times)
EDs (1 time)
2020 The terminology of social emergency medicine: Measuring social determinants of health, social risk, and social need.
75  soft extravascular model
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ETAcDNA (1 time)
2001 [Soft extravascular model (SEM) with beta-radioactive ray inhibits smooth muscle cell proliferation and intimal hyperplasia in autogenous vein graft].
76  solvent extractable matter
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
1999 The fate of heavy oil wastes in soil microcosms. I: A performance assessment of biotransformation indices.
77  Sound, Eye and Motor scale
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ART (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2014 Effect of pre-cooling injection site on pain perception in pediatric dentistry: "A randomized clinical trial".
78  spent embryo medium
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
PGT-A (2 times)
AH (1 time)
cfDNA (1 time)
2018 Pushing the limits of detection: investigation of cell-free DNA for aneuploidy screening in embryos.
79  spine, there was a mean
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
2001 Effects of sevoflurane on dopamine, glutamate and aspartate release in an in vitro model of cerebral ischaemia.
80  spray-dried microparticles were characterized in terms of shape
(2 times)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
CAB (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2001 Spray-dried microspheres containing ketoprofen formulated into capsules and tablets.
81  standard error of measurement expressed in absolute values
(2 times)
Athletic Injuries
(1 time)
ChM (2 times)
ADFKE (1 time)
MDC95 (1 time)
2014 Test-retest reliability of seven common clinical tests for assessing lower extremity muscle flexibility in futsal and handball players.
82  stochastic EM
(2 times)
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
(1 time)
EM (1 time)
GEM (1 time)
ICE (1 time)
1997 Estimation of generalized mixtures and its application in image segmentation.
83  Structural Equation Modeling framework
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
EF (1 time)
PACER (1 time)
2020 Psychometric properties and clinical utility of the executive function inventory for children and adolescents: a large multistage populational study including children with ADHD.
84  Subcellular Element Model
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CPD (1 time)
2007 Relating biophysical properties across scales.
85  subclinical endometritis
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
PC (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of subclinical endometritis and consequences on fertility in piedmontese beef cows.
86  such that the mean
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CTM (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2000 Endotoxaemia does not limit heat tolerance in rats: the role of plasma lipoproteins.
87  supplementary educational model
(2 times)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2008 Supplementary educational model (SEM) in social work education for health care settings.
88  suppressive effector molecule
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
EEM (2 times)
IgE-BF (2 times)
EFA (1 time)
1984 FcR epsilon+ lymphocytes and regulation of the IgE antibody system. IV. Delineation of target cells and mechanisms of action of SFA and EFA in inhibiting in vitro induction of FcR epsilon expression.
89  surface element model
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
VEM (2 times)
1992 Photosynthesis of a Scots pine shoot: a comparison of two models of shoot photosynthesis in direct and diffuse radiation fields.
90  surface emission monitoring
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DEM (1 time)
DWPEM (1 time)
UAS (1 time)
2020 Comparing estimates of fugitive landfill methane emissions using inverse plume modeling obtained with Surface Emission Monitoring (SEM), Drone Emission Monitoring (DEM), and Downwind Plume Emission Monitoring (DWPEM).
91  surface was examined by scanning
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
IG (1 time)
1977 Arterial surface changes examined by scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy.
92  systematic evidence map
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
SR (1 time)
TRAP (1 time)
2019 Systematic evidence maps as a novel tool to support evidence-based decision-making in chemicals policy and risk management.
93  cryo-scanning EM
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
EM (1 time)
ER (1 time)
IMV (1 time)
2001 Structure and assembly of intracellular mature vaccinia virus: isolated-particle analysis.
94  employing scanning
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ERM (1 time)
ILM (1 time)
LMH (1 time)
2017 A porous coral-like structure - a new insight into the morphology of the inner limiting membrane of the retina?
95  Environmental-scanning electron microscopy
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
HVS (1 time)
ME (1 time)
2006 Design of scaffolds for blood vessel tissue engineering using a multi-layering electrospinning technique.
96  field-emission scanning
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
2016 Biomineralization on the wavy substrate: Shape transition of nacreous tablets from pyramids of amorphous nanoparticles to dome-capped prisms of single crystals.
97  Fifty-six adolescents with mean
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
2013 Higher calorie diets increase rate of weight gain and shorten hospital stay in hospitalized adolescents with anorexia nervosa.
98  Hot-Stage Microscopy
(1 time)
Pharmacological Phenomena
(1 time)
CSD (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
IDR (1 time)
2020 Mechanochemical Formation of Racemic Praziquantel Hemihydrate with Improved Biopharmaceutical Properties.
99  INTRODUCTIONScanning electron microscopy
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) of Plant Tissues.
100  least-squares mean
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2009 Oxymorphone extended release for the treatment of chronic low back pain: a retrospective pooled analysis of enriched-enrollment clinical trial data stratified according to age, sex, and prior opioid use.