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Abbreviation: SEM
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
scanning electron microscopy
(24756 times)
Chemistry
(2658 times)
XRD (4787 times)
TEM (3610 times)
FTIR (2775 times)
1970 Scanning-beam electron microscopy of Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
structural equation modeling
(1676 times)
Psychology
(277 times)
CFA (66 times)
QOL (34 times)
PTSD (32 times)
1991 Reporting structural equation modeling results in Psychology and Aging: some proposed guidelines.
standard error of measurement
(1302 times)
Rehabilitation
(165 times)
ICC (371 times)
MDC (125 times)
ICCs (64 times)
1975 The significance of serum progesterone and serum unconjugated oestradiol-17beta in unaborted hydatidiform mole.
simultaneously extracted metals
(81 times)
Environmental Health
(72 times)
AVS (77 times)
TOC (6 times)
OC (5 times)
1999 Copper bioavailability in Steilacoom Lake sediments.
semicarbazide
(46 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(20 times)
AOZ (13 times)
AHD (12 times)
AMOZ (12 times)
2004 Semicarbazide is a minor thermal decomposition product of azodicarbonamide used in the gaskets of certain food jars.
sexually explicit media
(39 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(20 times)
MSM (14 times)
CPC (2 times)
GBM (2 times)
2010 Pornography, sexual socialization, and satisfaction among young men.
social ecological model
(31 times)
Public Health
(10 times)
ASL (2 times)
AA (1 time)
AAP (1 time)
2008 Correlates of cigarette smoking among school-going adolescents in Thailand: findings from the Thai global youth tobacco survey 2005.
saccadic eye movements
(30 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
PSV (4 times)
SRT (3 times)
AS (2 times)
1985 The role of cerebral cortex in the generation of voluntary saccades: a positron emission tomographic study.
slow eye movement
(22 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
EOG (8 times)
EEG (3 times)
MWT (3 times)
1976 Braking saccade--a new fast eye movement.
10  Sport and exercise medicine
(18 times)
Sports Medicine
(8 times)
NCD (4 times)
GPs (3 times)
IOC (2 times)
2009 The role of the sports and exercise medicine physician in the National Health Service: a questionnaire-based survey.
11  sound, eye, and motor
(17 times)
Dentistry
(14 times)
ANOVA (3 times)
LA (3 times)
VAS (3 times)
2000 A comparison of parenteral and electronic dental anesthesia during operative procedures in children.
12  skin, eye and mouth
(13 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
HSV (11 times)
CNS (8 times)
CI (2 times)
1986 Neonatal herpes simplex virus infections. Presentation and management.
13  scanning EM
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
TEM (9 times)
EM (8 times)
HIV-1 (2 times)
1989 Ultrastructure of Pneumocystis carinii: a review of internal and surface characteristics.
14  spinal epidural metastases
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
IMM (1 time)
1997 Spinal epidural metastasis as the initial manifestation of malignancy: clinical features and diagnostic approach.
15  significantly lower mean
(10 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ABZ (1 time)
AP (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
1991 Blood flow reactivity to hypercapnia in strictly unilateral carotid disease: preliminary results.
16  subendothelial matrix
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AG (1 time)
BAECs (1 time)
BC (1 time)
1992 Increased expression of alpha IIb beta 3 integrin in subpopulations of murine melanoma cells with high lung-colonizing ability.
17  stretched exponential model
(9 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
DWI (7 times)
DKI (6 times)
ADC (5 times)
2014 Non-Gaussian analysis of diffusion weighted imaging in head and neck at 3T: a pilot study in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
18  subepidermal moisture
(9 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(2 times)
NH (4 times)
DPU (2 times)
DPUs (2 times)
2007 Subepidermal moisture predicts erythema and stage 1 pressure ulcers in nursing home residents: a pilot study.
19  seminomas
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
CCARI (1 time)
CIS (1 time)
1992 Detection of RAS mutations in archival testicular germ cell tumors by polymerase chain reaction and oligonucleotide hybridization.
20  scanning transmission electron microscopy
(6 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
XRD (3 times)
TEM (2 times)
TGA (2 times)
1980 Scanning electron microscopy of the human normal endometrium.
21  self-evaluation maintenance
(6 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
--- 1988 Some affective consequences of social comparison and reflection processes: the pain and pleasure of being close.
22  significant reductions in mean
(6 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
OGTT (1 time)
1993 Effect of hyperventilation and mental stress on coronary blood flow in syndrome X.
23  Society for Microbiology
(6 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
FEMS (1 time)
1996 [The journal of the Spanish Society of Microbiology, 1945-1995].
24  spectral element method
(6 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
FEM (2 times)
EIT (1 time)
GLL (1 time)
2006 An efficient forward solver in electrical impedance tomography by spectral element method.
25  stochastic expectation maximization
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
EM (2 times)
PET (2 times)
CBM (1 time)
2004 Evaluations of maximization procedures for estimating linkage parameters under heterogeneity.
26  studied by means of scanning
(6 times)
Anatomy
(3 times)
TEM (4 times)
IDL (1 time)
LP-IC (1 time)
1978 Ependyma and ependymal protrusions of the lateral ventricles of the rabbit brain.
27  subjects, mean
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AMP (1 time)
ANP (1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
1994 High dose inhaled atrial natriuretic peptide is a bronchodilator in asthmatic subjects.
28  surface-epitope masking
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
mAbs (2 times)
PCTA-1 (2 times)
ECD (1 time)
1994 Surface-epitope masking: a strategy for the development of monoclonal antibodies specific for molecules expressed on the cell surface.
29  significant difference in mean
(5 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CDR-SOB (1 time)
DL (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1990 Pancreatic exocrine function after a sutureless pancreatico-jejunostomy following pancreaticoduodenectomy.
30  single measurement
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
ICC (4 times)
PI (3 times)
PT (3 times)
2014 Influence of pelvic rotation on pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt, and sacral slope.
31  Small-Ear-Miniature
(5 times)
Parasitology
(4 times)
L-SEM (5 times)
DYL (2 times)
1989 Experimental infection of Indonesia Taenia (Samosir strain) in domestic animals.
32  subjects had a mean
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AHI (1 time)
CF (1 time)
CPAP (1 time)
1989 Inhaled lysine-aspirin as a bronchoprovocation procedure in aspirin-sensitive asthma: its repeatability, absence of a late-phase reaction, and the role of histamine.
33  surface morphology
(5 times)
Polysaccharides
(2 times)
AC-chitosan (1 time)
AMPS (1 time)
CMCS (1 time)
2010 Carbamazepine-loaded porous microspheres for short-term sustained drug delivery.
34  secondary electron multiplier
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
CTOF (1 time)
FPC (1 time)
HM (1 time)
2004 Characterization of a focal plane camera fitted to a Mattauch-Herzog geometry mass spectrograph. 2. Use with an inductively coupled plasma.
35  spatial error model
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
OLS (2 times)
SLM (2 times)
AIC (1 time)
2009 Using spatial regression methods to examine the association between county-level racial/ethnic composition and reported cases of Chlamydia and gonorrhea: an illustration with data from the state of Texas.
36  specimens by light microscopy and by scanning
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
TEM (2 times)
ECM (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
1984 A randomized placebo-controlled double-blind trial of nimodipine after SAH in monkeys. Part 2: Pathological findings.
37  structural equation modelling analyses
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2001 Structural relationships of dental anxiety, mood, and general anxiety.
38  semduramicin
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
DIB-Cl (1 time)
HCPI (1 time)
LAS (1 time)
2006 Tiamulin and semduramicin: effects of simultaneous administration on performance and health of growing broiler chickens.
39  significant mean
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AERD (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
FeNO (1 time)
1994 Effects of polycythaemia and haemodilution on circulation in neonates.
40  significantly improved the mean
(3 times)
Urology
(1 time)
hPCC (1 time)
1991 Respiratory compliance in premature babies treated with artificial surfactant (ALEC).
41  simultaneous equation models
(3 times)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2003 Using simultaneous equation modeling for defining complex phenotypes.
42  sounds, eyes, and motor
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CCLAD (1 time)
IANB (1 time)
ILA (1 time)
2003 Children's preference of benzocaine gel versus the lidocaine patch.
43  speed endurance maintenance
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
SEP (3 times)
RPE (1 time)
RSAT (1 time)
2014 Physiological response, time-motion characteristics, and reproducibility of various speed-endurance drills in elite youth soccer players: small-sided games versus generic running.
44  startle eye-blink modification
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
AN (2 times)
APTD (1 time)
BN (1 time)
2001 Attentional stages of information processing during a continuous performance test: a startle modification analysis.
45  systolic ejection murmur
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ACG (1 time)
AS (1 time)
HCM (1 time)
1980 [Evaluation of pulmonary valve stenosis by means of phonomechanocardiography].
46  scanning microscope
(2 times)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
LB (1 time)
PET (1 time)
1983 An attempt at comparison of the morphology of normal and RSV--transformed cells in a scanning microscope.
47  searching eye movement
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
NEF (1 time)
SPEM (1 time)
TESL (1 time)
1996 Searching eye movement, smooth pursuit eye movement and schizophrenia.
48  seen that the mean
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CTM (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2000 Endotoxaemia does not limit heat tolerance in rats: the role of plasma lipoproteins.
49  segmental endocardial motion
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CK (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
AQ (1 time)
1997 Detection of left ventricular systolic and diastolic abnormalities in patients with coronary artery disease by color kinesis.
50  selectable and excisable marker
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 A selectable and excisable marker system for the rapid creation of recombinant poxviruses.
51  selectivity enhancing moiety
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
SEO (2 times)
2010 Exploration of amino alcohol derivatives as novel, potent, and highly selective sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor subtype-1 agonists.
52  semantic
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
MEG (1 time)
2006 Cortical dynamics of visual/semantic vs. phonological analysis in picture confrontation.
53  semantic memory
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ABS (2 times)
FE (2 times)
NP (2 times)
2002 A prospective 2-year follow-up study of neurocognitive functioning in patients with first-episode schizophrenia.
54  Semarang
(2 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
FFQ (1 time)
JAK (1 time)
JFT (1 time)
1986 Reproduction in Javanese sheep: evidence for a gene with large effect on ovulation rate and litter size.
55  semiquinone formation constants K
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 Mesoionic bora-tetraazapentalenes--fully reversible two step redox systems.
56  shear elastic modulus
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
2,3-DPG (1 time)
AS (1 time)
EI (1 time)
2014 Changes in morphological and elastic properties of patellar tendon in athletes with unilateral patellar tendinopathy and their relationships with pain and functional disability.
57  shorter mean
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CB1 (1 time)
CCRC (1 time)
EFS (1 time)
1996 Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of tolfenamic acid in calves.
58  significant change in mean
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BMT (1 time)
TBI (1 time)
1993 Growth and growth hormone secretion after bone marrow transplantation.
59  significant difference in the mean
(2 times)
Respiratory Therapy
(1 time)
IC (1 time)
2000 Neuromodulation reduces urinary frequency in rats with hydrochloric acid-induced cystitis.
60  similar mean
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
aMT.6S (1 time)
PCWP (1 time)
1998 6-Sulfatoxymelatonin excretion and self-reported sleep in good sleeping controls and 55-80-year-old insomniacs.
61  six women of mean
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
TOE (1 time)
vWF (1 time)
1995 Increased markers of thrombogenesis in chronic atrial fibrillation: effects of warfarin treatment.
62  skin-eye-mouth
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CNS (2 times)
HSV (2 times)
DIS (1 time)
1994 Neonatal herpes simplex virus infection: pathogenesis and treatment in the guinea pig.
63  slices, there was a mean
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
2001 Effects of sevoflurane on dopamine, glutamate and aspartate release in an in vitro model of cerebral ischaemia.
64  slow rolling eye movements
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 1988 Extreme sleepiness: quantification of EOG and spectral EEG parameters.
65  smooth morphologies
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
SGF (1 time)
2006 Preparation, characterization, and in vivo anti-ulcer evaluation of pantoprazole-loaded microparticles.
66  soft extravascular model
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ETAcDNA (1 time)
1999 [Soft extravascular model (SEM) with beta-radioactive ray inhibits smooth muscle cell proliferation and intimal hyperplasia in autogenous vein graft].
67  soil extract medium
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CHL (1 time)
DPA (1 time)
IMZ (1 time)
2005 Non-specific biodegradation of the organophosphorus pesticides, cadusafos and ethoprophos, by two bacterial isolates.
68  solvent extractable matter
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ELISA (1 time)
1999 The fate of heavy oil wastes in soil microcosms. I: A performance assessment of biotransformation indices.
69  sound, eye, and motor scales
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ART (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2013 Effect of pre-cooling injection site on pain perception in pediatric dentistry: "A randomized clinical trial".
70  spray-dried microparticles were characterized in terms of shape
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
CAB (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2001 Spray-dried microspheres containing ketoprofen formulated into capsules and tablets.
71  standard error of measurement expressed in absolute values
(2 times)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
ChM (2 times)
ADFKE (1 time)
MDC95 (1 time)
2015 Test-retest reliability of seven common clinical tests for assessing lower extremity muscle flexibility in futsal and handball players.
72  staphylococcal enterotoxin M
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2017 Identification and measurement of staphylococcal enterotoxin M from Staphylococcus aureus isolate associated with staphylococcal food poisoning.
73  stochastic EM
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
EM (1 time)
GEM (1 time)
ICE (1 time)
1997 Estimation of generalized mixtures and its application in image segmentation.
74  Subcellular Element Model
(2 times)
Embryology
(1 time)
CPD (1 time)
2008 Relating biophysical properties across scales.
75  subclinical endometritis
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
PC (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of subclinical endometritis and consequences on fertility in piedmontese beef cows.
76  supplementary educational model
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2008 Supplementary educational model (SEM) in social work education for health care settings.
77  suppressive effector molecule
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
EEM (2 times)
IgE-BF (2 times)
EFA (1 time)
1984 FcR epsilon+ lymphocytes and regulation of the IgE antibody system. IV. Delineation of target cells and mechanisms of action of SFA and EFA in inhibiting in vitro induction of FcR epsilon expression.
78  surface changes examined by scanning
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
IG (1 time)
1977 Arterial surface changes examined by scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy.
79  surface element model
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
VEM (2 times)
1992 Photosynthesis of a Scots pine shoot: a comparison of two models of shoot photosynthesis in direct and diffuse radiation fields.
80  cryo-scanning EM
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
EM (1 time)
ER (1 time)
IMV (1 time)
2001 Structure and assembly of intracellular mature vaccinia virus: isolated-particle analysis.
81  employing scanning
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ERM (1 time)
ILM (1 time)
LMH (1 time)
2016 A porous coral-like structure - a new insight into the morphology of the inner limiting membrane of the retina?
82  Environmental-scanning electron microscopy
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
HVS (1 time)
ME (1 time)
2005 Design of scaffolds for blood vessel tissue engineering using a multi-layering electrospinning technique.
83  field-emission scanning
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
2016 Biomineralization on the wavy substrate: Shape transition of nacreous tablets from pyramids of amorphous nanoparticles to dome-capped prisms of single crystals.
84  Fifty-six adolescents with mean
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
2013 Higher calorie diets increase rate of weight gain and shorten hospital stay in hospitalized adolescents with anorexia nervosa.
85  INTRODUCTIONScanning electron microscopy
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) of Plant Tissues.
86  least-squares mean
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2009 Oxymorphone extended release for the treatment of chronic low back pain: a retrospective pooled analysis of enriched-enrollment clinical trial data stratified according to age, sex, and prior opioid use.
87  males examined, mean
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Semen characteristics and their ability to predict sperm cryopreservation potential of Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua L.
88  mediation-structural equation modeling
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
2016 Abnormal hippocampal structure and function in clinical anxiety and comorbid depression.
89  micro-Raman-scanning electron microscopy
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
Am (1 time)
CRM (1 time)
ICP-MS (1 time)
2012 Production and characterization of plutonium dioxide particles as a quality control material for safeguards purposes.
90  post-exercise, mean
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1998 The effects of high-intensity intermittent exercise on the plasma concentrations of glutamine and organic acids.
91  s after increasing heart rate by a mean
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1986 Magnitude of myocardial potassium changes during acute alterations in pacing frequency in the in situ pig heart.
92  S(+)-mepivacaine, respective mean
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Disposition of mepivacaine and bupivacaine enantiomers in sheep.
93  S(0.5) value for AMP of 2.52+/-0.16 mM
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Regulation of AMP-deaminase activity from white muscle of common carp Cyprinus carpio.
94  S-phase increased from a mean of 11.6+/-2.7
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
CR (1 time)
GM-CSF (1 time)
1995 Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) priming in the treatment of elderly patients with acute myelogenous leukemia.
95  S. exigua melanic mutants
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
DEG (1 time)
qRT-PCR (1 time)
SEW (1 time)
2018 Microscopic cuticle structure comparison of pupal melanic and wild strain of Spodoptera exigua and their gene expression profiles in three time points.
96  sac of 1-3 mm was detected at a mean
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Normal early pregnancy: serum hCG levels and vaginal ultrasonography findings.
97  sacrificed to assess colonic tumor production and to perform scanning
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DMH (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
1987 Effect of dietary copper on colonic tumor production and aortic integrity in the rat.
98  Salbutamol and BDP decreased the mean prechallenge baseline SRaw
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
sRaw (1 time)
1990 Comparison of the effects of inhaled corticosteroids on the airway response to histamine, methacholine, hyperventilation, and sulfur dioxide in subjects with asthma.
99  saline decreased nasal PD in a dose-related manner, with mean
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
HEPES (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2001 Hypertonic saline alters ion transport across the human airway epithelium.
100  Saliva weight decreased from a mean
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
VFG (1 time)
2001 Effects of xerostomia on perception and performance of swallow function.