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Abbreviation: SF
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Long forms: 1350

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
synovial fluid
(1976 times)
Rheumatology
(1019 times)
RA (859 times)
OA (559 times)
PB (279 times)
1966 [The study of the synovial fluid (S.F.)].
silk fibroin
(810 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(238 times)
CS (50 times)
SEM (50 times)
HA (41 times)
1993 Chemical modification of silk fibroin with cyanuric chloride-activated poly(ethylene glycol): analyses of reaction site by 1H-NMR spectroscopy and conformation of the conjugates.
Short Form
(642 times)
Orthopedics
(112 times)
HRQoL (82 times)
QOL (80 times)
VAS (56 times)
1994 Predicting work status for patients in an occupational medicine setting who report back pain.
serum ferritin
(617 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(131 times)
Hb (173 times)
TS (78 times)
STFR (70 times)
1977 Elevated serum ferritin in children with malignancies.
social functioning
(282 times)
Urology
(40 times)
PF (107 times)
GH (87 times)
MH (83 times)
1995 Health-related quality of life in patients with major depression who are treated with moclobemide.
spatial frequency
(211 times)
Ophthalmology
(66 times)
TF (16 times)
ERPs (11 times)
HSF (11 times)
1982 Binocular rivalry: suppression depends on orientation and spatial frequency.
scatter factor
(155 times)
Neoplasms
(35 times)
HGF (75 times)
PET (8 times)
NECR (7 times)
1989 Smooth muscle releases an epithelial cell scatter factor which binds to heparin.
stride frequency
(134 times)
Sports Medicine
(39 times)
SL (72 times)
HR (21 times)
CT (13 times)
1986 Relationships among anthropometric and stroking characteristics of college swimmers.
shortening fraction
(124 times)
Cardiology
(48 times)
LV (36 times)
EF (31 times)
HR (8 times)
1979 Effect of digoxin on left ventricular contractility in newborns and infants estimated by echocardiography.
10  Steel factor
(119 times)
Hematology
(75 times)
IL-3 (35 times)
G-CSF (18 times)
GM-CSF (17 times)
1992 Developmentally regulated cell surface expression and function of c-kit receptor during lymphocyte ontogeny in the embryo and adult mice.
11  sulforaphane
(115 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(28 times)
Nrf2 (14 times)
ITC (8 times)
NQO1 (7 times)
1997 Inhibition of cytochromes P-450 and induction of glutathione S-transferases by sulforaphane in primary human and rat hepatocytes.
12  surviving fraction
(100 times)
Neoplasms
(41 times)
RBE (8 times)
TCP (5 times)
CHO (4 times)
1979 Inhibition of sperm dilution damage by purified factors from hamster caudal epididymal plasma and by defined diluents.
13  singlet fission
(98 times)
Chemistry
(66 times)
T1T1 (13 times)
CT (7 times)
iSF (5 times)
2010 Enhanced triplet formation in polycrystalline tetracene films by femtosecond optical-pulse shaping.
14  stent fracture
(97 times)
Cardiology
(43 times)
SES (17 times)
DES (14 times)
ISR (12 times)
1994 Stress fractures of bone in conscripted infantry recruits: lack of correlation to pre-army physical fitness.
15  serum-free
(86 times)
Hematology
(12 times)
FBS (7 times)
FCS (7 times)
EPO (6 times)
1978 Demonstration of components of serum-free culture medium effecting maximum in vitro expression of mouse mammary tumor virus.
16  synovial fibroblasts
(83 times)
Rheumatology
(31 times)
RA (52 times)
OA (33 times)
TNF (7 times)
1987 Effects of human carbonic anhydrase III (CA III) on synovial and muscle fibroblast glycosaminoglycan metabolism.
17  soluble fibrin
(82 times)
Vascular Diseases
(42 times)
TAT (25 times)
DIC (19 times)
DVT (13 times)
1992 Disseminated intravascular coagulation in liver cirrhosis.
18  sodium ferulate
(81 times)
Pharmacology
(25 times)
SOD (8 times)
MDA (7 times)
NO (5 times)
1990 [Scavenging effects of sodium ferulate and 18 beta-glycyrrhetic acid on oxygen free radicals].
19  subcutaneous fat
(68 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
VF (28 times)
BMI (11 times)
CT (7 times)
1997 Plasma leptin in non-diabetic Asian Indians: association with abdominal adiposity.
20  shear force
(67 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(38 times)
CL (16 times)
WHC (14 times)
DL (9 times)
1991 The relationship of muscle fibre size to tenderness of beef.
21  stone-free
(62 times)
Urology
(38 times)
NCCT (11 times)
SWL (11 times)
ESWL (10 times)
1993 [Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy in the treatment of gallbladder lithiasis. The first 109 patients].
22  selectivity filter
(58 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
MD (9 times)
AQPs (3 times)
NPA (3 times)
2004 Water and ion permeation in bAQP1 and GlpF channels: a kinetic Monte Carlo study.
23  sleep fragmentation
(58 times)
Psychophysiology
(13 times)
OSA (10 times)
IH (7 times)
SC (7 times)
2003 Differences in sleep-induced hypoxia between A/J and DBA/2J mouse strains.
24  stone formers
(57 times)
Urology
(30 times)
CaOx (9 times)
NSF (8 times)
NS (6 times)
1984 Determination of GOT activity on nucleation and crystal growth of calcium oxalate.
25  soluble fraction
(55 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
MF (11 times)
RT (7 times)
SBRT (4 times)
1975 Triggering mechanism of B lymphocytes. II. Induction of ornithine decarboxylase in B cells by anti-immunoglobulin and enhancing soluble factor.
26  saturated fat
(49 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(19 times)
PUF (8 times)
FO (4 times)
TF (4 times)
1976 Acute platelet changes after large meals of saturated and unsaturated fats.
27  suppressor factor
(48 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(35 times)
DTH (4 times)
PFC (4 times)
LAI (3 times)
1977 Suppressor cell induction in vitro. III. Antigen-specific suppression by supernatants of suppressor cells.
28  skinfolds
(46 times)
Sports Medicine
(15 times)
BMI (11 times)
HW (11 times)
BIA (10 times)
1978 Anthropometric estimation of body density, fat, and lean body weight in women gymnasts.
29  scale-free
(44 times)
Biophysics
(23 times)
ER (16 times)
RR (4 times)
BC (2 times)
2002 Stability of shortest paths in complex networks with random edge weights.
30  spaceflight
(42 times)
Physiology
(17 times)
BR (4 times)
GC (4 times)
MHC (4 times)
1994 [The characteristics of the effect of space flight factors on regeneration processes in mammals and Urodela].
31  sodium fluorescein
(39 times)
Neurosurgery
(14 times)
BBB (5 times)
ICG (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
1980 Differences between the peripheral and the central nervous system in permeability to sodium fluorescein.
32  skin fibroblasts
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
ACR (5 times)
KiMSV (3 times)
TPA (3 times)
1976 Growth abnormalities of cultured human skin fibroblasts derived from individuals with hereditary adenomatosis of the colon and rectum.
33  seizure-free
(36 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
NSF (8 times)
TLE (7 times)
EEG (4 times)
1992 A longitudinal assessment of seizure outcome and overall benefit from 100 cortectomies for epilepsy.
34  sorbitol-fermenting
(36 times)
Microbiology
(26 times)
EHEC (20 times)
NSF (10 times)
HUS (8 times)
1993 Clonal structure and pathogenicity of Shiga-like toxin-producing, sorbitol-fermenting Escherichia coli O157:H-.
35  sylvian fissure
(36 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
MRI (6 times)
PT (6 times)
MCA (4 times)
1981 [An anatomical and technical note for microsurgery of the MCA aneurysm (author's transl)].
36  San Francisco
(33 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(5 times)
LA (5 times)
MSM (4 times)
IDUs (3 times)
1986 Benzene levels in ambient air and breath of smokers and nonsmokers in urban and pristine environments.
37  spotted fever
(31 times)
Tropical Medicine
(9 times)
CF (3 times)
IFA (3 times)
MT (3 times)
1975 Study of rickettsioses in Slovakia. I. Coxiella burneti and Rickettsiae of the spotted fever (SF) group in ticks and serological surveys in animals and humans in certain selected localities in the Lucenec and V. Krtis districts.
38  standard formula
(30 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
EF (9 times)
MFGM (6 times)
BF (4 times)
2003 Randomized double-blind study of the nutritional efficacy and bifidogenicity of a new infant formula containing partially hydrolyzed protein, a high beta-palmitic acid level, and nondigestible oligosaccharides.
39  scaling factor
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
ARV (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
PK (2 times)
1983 Isolation of human serum spreading factor.
40  silica fume
(29 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
FA (8 times)
MK (6 times)
RHA (5 times)
2009 Utilization of industrial waste products as pozzolanic material in cemented paste backfill of high sulphide mill tailings.
41  sorafenib
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
HCC (12 times)
CMCS (2 times)
VP (2 times)
2010 Synergistic efficacy of sorafenib and genistein in growth inhibition by down regulating angiogenic and survival factors and increasing apoptosis through upregulation of p53 and p21 in malignant neuroblastoma cells having N-Myc amplification or non-amplification.
42  surfactant
(29 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
RDS (6 times)
PLV (3 times)
CMC (2 times)
1989 The response of the pulmonary surfactant-associated alkaline phosphatase following acute cadmium chloride inhalation.
43  seminal fluid
(25 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(6 times)
SFPs (2 times)
6-keto PGF1 alpha (1 time)
AA (1 time)
1979 Testosterone concentration in different functional compartments of the male reproductive tract.
44  spin-flip
(25 times)
Chemistry
(21 times)
DFT (4 times)
ADC (3 times)
TDDFT (3 times)
2003 Universal spin-flip transition in itinerant antiferromagnets.
45  surface flow
(25 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
SSF (10 times)
FWS (7 times)
CWs (5 times)
2001 Oxygen demand, nitrogen and copper removal by free-water-surface and subsurface-flow constructed wetlands under tropical conditions.
46  symphysis-fundus
(24 times)
Obstetrics
(15 times)
SGA (8 times)
IUGR (5 times)
BW (2 times)
1981 Symphysis-fundus measurement in prediction of fetal growth disturbances.
47  skinfold thickness
(23 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
BIA (8 times)
BMI (8 times)
FFM (6 times)
1986 Effect of nutritional status, age at weaning and room temperature on growth and systemic immune response of weanling pigs.
48  stress fiber
(23 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(7 times)
EC (5 times)
FA (4 times)
AFM (1 time)
1986 Cytoskeletal organization affects cellular responses to cytochalasins: comparison of a normal line and its transformant.
49  single fiber
(22 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
MF (3 times)
CN (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
1978 A comparison of single fiber and routine EMG in normal subjects and patients with inflammatory myopathy.
50  still-face
(22 times)
Pediatrics
(13 times)
SFP (4 times)
ASD (2 times)
ER (2 times)
1992 Adult tactile stimulation during face-to-face interactions modulates five-month-olds' affect and attention.
51  surgery-first
(22 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
OS (6 times)
NAC (4 times)
NAT (3 times)
2010 Comparison of transverse dimensional changes in surgical skeletal Class III patients with and without presurgical orthodontics.
52  septal flash
(21 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
CRT (15 times)
LBBB (10 times)
LV (9 times)
2009 Toward understanding response to cardiac resynchronization therapy: left ventricular dyssynchrony is only one of multiple mechanisms.
53  SeptiFast
(21 times)
Microbiology
(12 times)
BC (10 times)
PCR (4 times)
PCT (4 times)
2009 Clinical impact of a commercially available multiplex PCR system for rapid detection of pathogens in patients with presumed sepsis.
54  safety factor
(20 times)
Science
(3 times)
AChRs (3 times)
NMJ (3 times)
EOM (2 times)
1994 Do variations in hip geometry explain differences in hip fracture risk between Japanese and white Americans?
55  screen-film
(20 times)
Radiology
(11 times)
CR (10 times)
DR (6 times)
FP (3 times)
1994 Comparison of the low-contrast detectability of a screen-film system and third generation computed radiography.
56  short-term fluctuation
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
MD (13 times)
CPSD (9 times)
PSD (9 times)
1989 The correlation of visual evoked potentials (VEP) and visual field indices (Octopus G1) in glaucoma and ocular hypertension.
57  small follicles
(20 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(13 times)
LF (6 times)
GC (5 times)
COCs (4 times)
2004 Effects of follicle size and electrolytes and glucose in maturation medium on nuclear maturation and developmental competence of bovine oocytes.
58  solid fraction
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
TS (5 times)
LF (4 times)
PLS (4 times)
1999 Effect of natural zeolite (clinoptilolite) on microbial decomposition processes in stored pig-slurry solids.
59  superficial
(20 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
JM (11 times)
CM (7 times)
LB (5 times)
1975 Characteristics of salt and water transport in superficial and juxtamedullary straight segments of proximal tubules.
60  supernatant fluid
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
CSF (4 times)
NP (4 times)
AD (3 times)
1977 Tumoristatic effects of nonimmune BALB/c peritoneal macrophages on syngeneic lymphoma cells in vitro.
61  serum folate
(19 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
RCF (7 times)
Hcy (5 times)
MTHFR (5 times)
1985 Vitamin B12, folate, and iron studies in homozygous beta thalassemia.
62  shape factor
(19 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
AMELs (1 time)
CGCLs (1 time)
CIM (1 time)
1986 Quantitative evaluation of neonatal lung expansion with automated image analysis.
63  SonicFill
(19 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
SDR (5 times)
TE (5 times)
TEC (4 times)
2014 Polymerization shrinkage and depth of cure of bulk fill flowable composite resins.
64  Special Forces
(19 times)
Military Medicine
(15 times)
CA (2 times)
CE (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2002 The Combat Trauma Life Support course: resource-constrained first responder trauma care for Special Forces medics.
65  splicing factor
(19 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
AS (7 times)
AML (3 times)
OS (3 times)
1985 Purification of a protein required for the splicing of pre-mRNA and its separation from the lariat debranching enzyme.
66  slow freezing
(17 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(9 times)
VT (5 times)
AT (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
2006 Efficiency of oocyte cryopreservation: a meta-analysis.
67  sperm factor
(17 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
PLC (5 times)
ICSI (2 times)
cADPR (1 time)
1976 Serum factor: the inhibition of phytohemagglutinin-induced blastogenesis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia lymphocytes.
68  sand filtration
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
UF (7 times)
DOC (3 times)
GAC (3 times)
2001 Re-use of biologically treated wastewater of a brewery.
69  Short-Form Health Survey
(16 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
QOL (5 times)
HRQoL (4 times)
ECOG (2 times)
2007 Treatment of painful osteoporotic compression and burst fractures using kyphoplasty: a prospective observational design.
70  subordinate follicle
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
DF (13 times)
CL (2 times)
FF (2 times)
1996 Insulin-like growth factor system in bovine first-wave dominant and subordinate follicles.
71  sham feeding
(15 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
DB (3 times)
EGG (2 times)
HRV (2 times)
1985 Gastric H+ and HCO3- secretion in response to sham feeding in humans.
72  soluble fiber
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
IF (5 times)
DM (3 times)
ISF (3 times)
1991 Effects of dietary fiber supplementation on glycemic control in dogs with alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus.
73  soy flour
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
BG (2 times)
FER (2 times)
NPU (2 times)
1983 Effects of iron status and soy protein on iron absorption by rats.
74  stacking fault
(15 times)
Nanotechnology
(9 times)
TEM (5 times)
NWs (4 times)
SFE (2 times)
2000 TEM analysis of epitaxial semiconductor layers with high stacking fault densities considering artifacts induced by the cross-section geometry
75  steam-flaked
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
DR (9 times)
FNDF (2 times)
NDF (2 times)
1990 Influence of steaming time on site of digestion of flaked corn in steers.
76  synchronous fluorescence
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
EEM (3 times)
DOM (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
1998 Fluorescence and immunochemical studies of advanced glycation-related lens pigments.
77  Schisandrae Fructus
(14 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
IL-1beta (2 times)
NO (2 times)
OA (2 times)
2006 Matrix degradation inhibitory effect of Schisandra fructus on human articular cartilage and chondrocytes.
78  solid feed
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
DM (5 times)
MR (5 times)
BW (3 times)
1998 [In vivo selectivity of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on COX-1-COX-2 and gastrointestinal ulcers, in rats].
79  spinal fusion
(14 times)
Tissue Engineering
(2 times)
AIS (3 times)
SAQ (2 times)
ABG (1 time)
2010 Graft vascularization is a critical rate-limiting step in skeletal stem cell-mediated posterolateral spinal fusion.
80  steroidogenic factor
(14 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
POMC (3 times)
HFD (2 times)
VMN (2 times)
1999 Molecular determinants of pituitary cytodifferentiation.
81  stopped-flow
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
CD (2 times)
BP (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1996 Advances in drug analysis by kinetic methods.
82  sulfuryl fluoride
(14 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
MB (2 times)
MeBr (2 times)
Bcl-xL (1 time)
2006 Sulfuryl fluoride as a quarantine treatment for Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in regulated wood packing material.
83  sugar-free
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BF (2 times)
mmol (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
1999 Stability of ganciclovir in extemporaneously compounded oral liquids.
84  sustained field
(13 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AEF (3 times)
ASSR (2 times)
MEG (2 times)
1991 Activation of the human auditory cortex by speech sounds.
85  synergistic factor
(13 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
Bti (2 times)
CC (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1985 Detection of synergistic factor and interleukin-3 activity in the serum and ascites fluid of mice bearing the WEHI-3 tumour.
86  secondary findings
(12 times)
Genetics, Medical
(11 times)
GS (2 times)
UF (2 times)
VUS (2 times)
2017 Stakeholder views on secondary findings in whole-genome and whole-exome sequencing: a systematic review of quantitative and qualitative studies.
87  seizure frequency
(12 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
QOL (4 times)
CBD (3 times)
TRE (3 times)
1998 [Electroclinical and neuroimaging studies in epilepsy].
88  significant fibrosis
(12 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
APRI (6 times)
AUROC (4 times)
FIB-4 (4 times)
2009 Prospective validation of a noninvasive index for predicting liver fibrosis in hepatitis C virus-infected liver transplant recipients.
89  single-frequency
(12 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
DF (5 times)
BIA (3 times)
MF (3 times)
1998 Analytic assessment of the various bioimpedance methods used to estimate body water.
90  structure function
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
GCC (3 times)
GCIPL (3 times)
GCL (3 times)
2011 Arbitrary-order Hilbert spectral analysis for time series possessing scaling statistics: comparison study with detrended fluctuation analysis and wavelet leaders.
91  systolic function
(12 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
EF (3 times)
CHF (2 times)
LV (2 times)
1997 PVF velocity pattern in patients with heart failure: transesophageal echocardiographic assessment.
92  salivary flow
(11 times)
Histocytochemistry
(3 times)
GI (3 times)
PBI (3 times)
ADH (1 time)
1992 Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic modeling of the effects of clonidine on pain threshold, blood pressure, and salivary flow.
93  Semliki Forest
(11 times)
Virology
(4 times)
SIN (5 times)
ADCC (1 time)
ADCMC (1 time)
1965 IN VIVO ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITY OF 1,3-BIS(2-CHLOROETHYL)-1-NITROSOUREA.
94  singlet exciton fission
(11 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
DFT (1 time)
DPP (1 time)
fs-TA (1 time)
2015 Singlet exciton fission in thin films of tert-butyl-substituted terrylenes.
95  slaframine
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
BW (4 times)
4-DAMP (2 times)
BW.75 (1 time)
1986 Effects of slaframine on ruminant digestive function: resting salivary flow and composition in cattle.
96  source function
(11 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
BCP (2 times)
A-B (1 time)
AE (1 time)
2007 Source function description of metal-metal bonding in d-block organometallic compounds.
97  spikelet fertility
(11 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
PH (3 times)
RIL (3 times)
GY (2 times)
1996 RFLP mapping of QTLs for yield and related characters in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
98  submerged fermentation
(11 times)
Biotechnology
(7 times)
SSF (9 times)
MnP (2 times)
VP (2 times)
2004 Screening of laccase, manganese peroxidase, and versatile peroxidase activities of the genus Pleurotus in media with some raw plant materials as carbon sources.
99  sulfation factor
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
SM (2 times)
CDC (1 time)
GH (1 time)
1960 Studies on sulfation factor (SF) activity of human serum. Effect of human growth hormone on SF levels in pituitary dwarfism.
100  sunflower oil
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
BT (3 times)
HEAR (2 times)
LEAR (2 times)
1981 Influence of physical training on the effects of dietary oils on cardiac morphology and phospholipids in rats.