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Abbreviation: SF
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
synovial fluid
(1865 times)
Rheumatology
(993 times)
RA (835 times)
OA (523 times)
PB (274 times)
1966 [The study of the synovial fluid (S.F.)].
silk fibroin
(588 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(203 times)
SEM (35 times)
CS (34 times)
HA (26 times)
1993 Chemical modification of silk fibroin with cyanuric chloride-activated poly(ethylene glycol): analyses of reaction site by 1H-NMR spectroscopy and conformation of the conjugates.
Short Form
(573 times)
Orthopedics
(99 times)
HRQoL (72 times)
QOL (70 times)
VAS (49 times)
1994 Predicting work status for patients in an occupational medicine setting who report back pain.
serum ferritin
(541 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(120 times)
Hb (153 times)
TS (71 times)
STFR (60 times)
1977 Elevated serum ferritin in children with malignancies.
social functioning
(240 times)
Urology
(35 times)
PF (92 times)
GH (79 times)
BP (74 times)
1995 Health-related quality of life in patients with major depression who are treated with moclobemide.
spatial frequency
(189 times)
Ophthalmology
(62 times)
TF (16 times)
ERPs (10 times)
CS (9 times)
1982 Binocular rivalry: suppression depends on orientation and spatial frequency.
scatter factor
(154 times)
Neoplasms
(35 times)
HGF (75 times)
PET (8 times)
NECR (6 times)
1989 Smooth muscle releases an epithelial cell scatter factor which binds to heparin.
Steel factor
(119 times)
Hematology
(75 times)
IL-3 (35 times)
G-CSF (18 times)
GM-CSF (17 times)
1992 Developmentally regulated cell surface expression and function of c-kit receptor during lymphocyte ontogeny in the embryo and adult mice.
shortening fraction
(114 times)
Cardiology
(43 times)
LV (31 times)
EF (27 times)
HR (8 times)
1979 Effect of digoxin on left ventricular contractility in newborns and infants estimated by echocardiography.
10  stride frequency
(110 times)
Sports Medicine
(35 times)
SL (61 times)
HR (20 times)
CT (9 times)
1986 Relationships among anthropometric and stroking characteristics of college swimmers.
11  sulforaphane
(108 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(28 times)
Nrf2 (13 times)
ITC (8 times)
NQO1 (7 times)
1997 Inhibition of cytochromes P-450 and induction of glutathione S-transferases by sulforaphane in primary human and rat hepatocytes.
12  stent fracture
(94 times)
Cardiology
(42 times)
SES (17 times)
DES (13 times)
ISR (12 times)
1994 Stress fractures of bone in conscripted infantry recruits: lack of correlation to pre-army physical fitness.
13  surviving fraction
(92 times)
Neoplasms
(39 times)
RBE (6 times)
CHO (4 times)
FCM (4 times)
1979 Inhibition of sperm dilution damage by purified factors from hamster caudal epididymal plasma and by defined diluents.
14  serum-free
(80 times)
Hematology
(12 times)
FCS (7 times)
EPO (6 times)
FBS (5 times)
1978 Demonstration of components of serum-free culture medium effecting maximum in vitro expression of mouse mammary tumor virus.
15  soluble fibrin
(80 times)
Vascular Diseases
(41 times)
TAT (25 times)
DIC (18 times)
DVT (13 times)
1992 Disseminated intravascular coagulation in liver cirrhosis.
16  sodium ferulate
(74 times)
Pharmacology
(25 times)
SOD (8 times)
MDA (7 times)
NO (5 times)
1990 [Scavenging effects of sodium ferulate and 18 beta-glycyrrhetic acid on oxygen free radicals].
17  synovial fibroblasts
(72 times)
Rheumatology
(30 times)
RA (46 times)
OA (26 times)
IL (6 times)
1987 Effects of human carbonic anhydrase III (CA III) on synovial and muscle fibroblast glycosaminoglycan metabolism.
18  subcutaneous fat
(60 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
VF (25 times)
BMI (10 times)
CT (7 times)
1997 Plasma leptin in non-diabetic Asian Indians: association with abdominal adiposity.
19  singlet fission
(58 times)
Chemistry
(38 times)
CT (6 times)
iSF (3 times)
MEG (3 times)
2010 Enhanced triplet formation in polycrystalline tetracene films by femtosecond optical-pulse shaping.
20  stone formers
(56 times)
Urology
(30 times)
CaOx (8 times)
NSF (8 times)
NS (6 times)
1984 Determination of GOT activity on nucleation and crystal growth of calcium oxalate.
21  stone-free
(55 times)
Urology
(35 times)
ESWL (10 times)
URS (10 times)
NCCT (9 times)
1993 [Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy in the treatment of gallbladder lithiasis. The first 109 patients].
22  shear force
(54 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(35 times)
CL (15 times)
WHC (11 times)
DL (9 times)
1991 The relationship of muscle fibre size to tenderness of beef.
23  sleep fragmentation
(50 times)
Psychophysiology
(12 times)
OSA (8 times)
SC (7 times)
IH (6 times)
2003 Differences in sleep-induced hypoxia between A/J and DBA/2J mouse strains.
24  soluble fraction
(48 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
MF (10 times)
RT (7 times)
AP (2 times)
1975 Triggering mechanism of B lymphocytes. II. Induction of ornithine decarboxylase in B cells by anti-immunoglobulin and enhancing soluble factor.
25  suppressor factor
(48 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(35 times)
DTH (4 times)
PFC (4 times)
LAI (3 times)
1977 Suppressor cell induction in vitro. III. Antigen-specific suppression by supernatants of suppressor cells.
26  saturated fat
(47 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(17 times)
PUF (8 times)
FO (4 times)
TF (4 times)
1976 Acute platelet changes after large meals of saturated and unsaturated fats.
27  spaceflight
(42 times)
Physiology
(17 times)
BR (4 times)
GC (4 times)
MHC (4 times)
1994 [The characteristics of the effect of space flight factors on regeneration processes in mammals and Urodela].
28  scale-free
(41 times)
Biophysics
(23 times)
ER (14 times)
RR (3 times)
BC (2 times)
2002 Stability of shortest paths in complex networks with random edge weights.
29  selectivity filter
(41 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
MD (7 times)
NPA (3 times)
Ki (2 times)
2004 Water and ion permeation in bAQP1 and GlpF channels: a kinetic Monte Carlo study.
30  skinfolds
(41 times)
Sports Medicine
(14 times)
HW (11 times)
BMI (10 times)
BIA (9 times)
1978 Anthropometric estimation of body density, fat, and lean body weight in women gymnasts.
31  skin fibroblasts
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
ACR (5 times)
KiMSV (3 times)
TPA (3 times)
1976 Growth abnormalities of cultured human skin fibroblasts derived from individuals with hereditary adenomatosis of the colon and rectum.
32  sorbitol-fermenting
(36 times)
Microbiology
(26 times)
EHEC (20 times)
NSF (10 times)
HUS (8 times)
1993 Clonal structure and pathogenicity of Shiga-like toxin-producing, sorbitol-fermenting Escherichia coli O157:H-.
33  sodium fluorescein
(33 times)
Neurosurgery
(9 times)
BBB (4 times)
ICG (3 times)
BUI (2 times)
1980 Differences between the peripheral and the central nervous system in permeability to sodium fluorescein.
34  sylvian fissure
(33 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
MRI (6 times)
PT (6 times)
MCA (3 times)
1981 [An anatomical and technical note for microsurgery of the MCA aneurysm (author's transl)].
35  seizure-free
(32 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
TLE (6 times)
NSF (5 times)
EEG (4 times)
1992 A longitudinal assessment of seizure outcome and overall benefit from 100 cortectomies for epilepsy.
36  San Francisco
(30 times)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(5 times)
LA (5 times)
MSM (4 times)
IDUs (3 times)
1986 Benzene levels in ambient air and breath of smokers and nonsmokers in urban and pristine environments.
37  spotted fever
(29 times)
Tropical Medicine
(9 times)
CF (3 times)
IFA (3 times)
MT (3 times)
1975 Study of rickettsioses in Slovakia. I. Coxiella burneti and Rickettsiae of the spotted fever (SF) group in ticks and serological surveys in animals and humans in certain selected localities in the Lucenec and V. Krtis districts.
38  surfactant
(26 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
RDS (6 times)
PLV (3 times)
CMC (2 times)
1989 The response of the pulmonary surfactant-associated alkaline phosphatase following acute cadmium chloride inhalation.
39  scaling factor
(25 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
ARV (2 times)
HIV (2 times)
PK (2 times)
1983 Isolation of human serum spreading factor.
40  spin-flip
(24 times)
Chemistry
(21 times)
DFT (4 times)
ADC (3 times)
TDDFT (3 times)
2003 Universal spin-flip transition in itinerant antiferromagnets.
41  standard formula
(24 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
EF (6 times)
BF (3 times)
MFGM (3 times)
2003 Randomized double-blind study of the nutritional efficacy and bifidogenicity of a new infant formula containing partially hydrolyzed protein, a high beta-palmitic acid level, and nondigestible oligosaccharides.
42  symphysis-fundus
(24 times)
Obstetrics
(15 times)
SGA (8 times)
IUGR (5 times)
BW (2 times)
1981 Symphysis-fundus measurement in prediction of fetal growth disturbances.
43  surface flow
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
SSF (10 times)
FWS (7 times)
CWs (5 times)
2001 Oxygen demand, nitrogen and copper removal by free-water-surface and subsurface-flow constructed wetlands under tropical conditions.
44  skinfold thickness
(22 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
BIA (8 times)
BMI (7 times)
FFM (6 times)
1986 Effect of nutritional status, age at weaning and room temperature on growth and systemic immune response of weanling pigs.
45  stress fiber
(21 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
EC (5 times)
FA (4 times)
AFM (1 time)
1986 Cytoskeletal organization affects cellular responses to cytochalasins: comparison of a normal line and its transformant.
46  seminal fluid
(20 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
6-keto PGF1 alpha (1 time)
AA (1 time)
ADP (1 time)
1979 Testosterone concentration in different functional compartments of the male reproductive tract.
47  short-term fluctuation
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
MD (13 times)
CPSD (9 times)
PSD (9 times)
1989 The correlation of visual evoked potentials (VEP) and visual field indices (Octopus G1) in glaucoma and ocular hypertension.
48  single fiber
(20 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
MF (3 times)
CN (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
1978 A comparison of single fiber and routine EMG in normal subjects and patients with inflammatory myopathy.
49  still-face
(20 times)
Pediatrics
(11 times)
SFP (3 times)
ER (2 times)
FP (2 times)
1992 Adult tactile stimulation during face-to-face interactions modulates five-month-olds' affect and attention.
50  safety factor
(19 times)
Science
(3 times)
AChRs (3 times)
NMJ (3 times)
EOM (2 times)
1994 Do variations in hip geometry explain differences in hip fracture risk between Japanese and white Americans?
51  screen-film
(19 times)
Radiology
(11 times)
CR (9 times)
DR (6 times)
FP (3 times)
1994 Comparison of the low-contrast detectability of a screen-film system and third generation computed radiography.
52  septal flash
(19 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
CRT (14 times)
LBBB (9 times)
LV (9 times)
2009 Toward understanding response to cardiac resynchronization therapy: left ventricular dyssynchrony is only one of multiple mechanisms.
53  serum folate
(19 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
RCF (7 times)
Hcy (5 times)
MTHFR (5 times)
1985 Vitamin B12, folate, and iron studies in homozygous beta thalassemia.
54  SeptiFast
(18 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
BC (9 times)
PCT (4 times)
PCR (3 times)
2009 Clinical impact of a commercially available multiplex PCR system for rapid detection of pathogens in patients with presumed sepsis.
55  shape factor
(18 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
AMELs (1 time)
CGCLs (1 time)
CIM (1 time)
1986 Quantitative evaluation of neonatal lung expansion with automated image analysis.
56  Special Forces
(18 times)
Military Medicine
(14 times)
CA (2 times)
CE (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2002 The Combat Trauma Life Support course: resource-constrained first responder trauma care for Special Forces medics.
57  superficial
(18 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
JM (11 times)
CM (6 times)
LB (5 times)
1975 Characteristics of salt and water transport in superficial and juxtamedullary straight segments of proximal tubules.
58  supernatant fluid
(18 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
CH (2 times)
Con A (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
1977 Tumoristatic effects of nonimmune BALB/c peritoneal macrophages on syngeneic lymphoma cells in vitro.
59  small follicles
(17 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(12 times)
COCs (4 times)
GC (4 times)
LF (4 times)
2004 Effects of follicle size and electrolytes and glucose in maturation medium on nuclear maturation and developmental competence of bovine oocytes.
60  solid fraction
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
LF (3 times)
OM (3 times)
PLS (3 times)
1999 Effect of natural zeolite (clinoptilolite) on microbial decomposition processes in stored pig-slurry solids.
61  SonicFill
(17 times)
Dentistry
(15 times)
SDR (5 times)
TE (5 times)
FB (3 times)
2014 Polymerization shrinkage and depth of cure of bulk fill flowable composite resins.
62  sperm factor
(17 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
PLC (5 times)
ICSI (2 times)
cADPR (1 time)
1976 Serum factor: the inhibition of phytohemagglutinin-induced blastogenesis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia lymphocytes.
63  sham feeding
(15 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
DB (3 times)
EGG (2 times)
HRV (2 times)
1985 Gastric H+ and HCO3- secretion in response to sham feeding in humans.
64  soluble fiber
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
IF (5 times)
DM (3 times)
ISF (3 times)
1991 Effects of dietary fiber supplementation on glycemic control in dogs with alloxan-induced diabetes mellitus.
65  sorafenib
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
HCC (4 times)
AD (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
2010 Synergistic efficacy of sorafenib and genistein in growth inhibition by down regulating angiogenic and survival factors and increasing apoptosis through upregulation of p53 and p21 in malignant neuroblastoma cells having N-Myc amplification or non-amplification.
66  sand filtration
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
UF (5 times)
DOC (3 times)
BAF (2 times)
2001 Re-use of biologically treated wastewater of a brewery.
67  solid feed
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
DM (5 times)
MR (5 times)
BW (3 times)
1998 [In vivo selectivity of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on COX-1-COX-2 and gastrointestinal ulcers, in rats].
68  steam-flaked
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
DR (9 times)
FNDF (2 times)
NDF (2 times)
1990 Influence of steaming time on site of digestion of flaked corn in steers.
69  subordinate follicle
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
DF (11 times)
CL (2 times)
FF (2 times)
1996 Insulin-like growth factor system in bovine first-wave dominant and subordinate follicles.
70  Short Form Health Survey
(13 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
QOL (5 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
6MWD (1 time)
2007 Treatment of painful osteoporotic compression and burst fractures using kyphoplasty: a prospective observational design.
71  silica fume
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
FA (4 times)
GGBS (3 times)
MK (3 times)
2009 Utilization of industrial waste products as pozzolanic material in cemented paste backfill of high sulphide mill tailings.
72  slow freezing
(13 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
VT (3 times)
CPR (1 time)
FET (1 time)
2006 Efficiency of oocyte cryopreservation: a meta-analysis.
73  steroidogenic factor
(13 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
POMC (2 times)
3beta-HSD (1 time)
ACTH-R (1 time)
1999 Molecular determinants of pituitary cytodifferentiation.
74  stopped-flow
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
CD (2 times)
BP (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1996 Advances in drug analysis by kinetic methods.
75  sugar-free
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BF (2 times)
mmol (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
1999 Stability of ganciclovir in extemporaneously compounded oral liquids.
76  sulfuryl fluoride
(13 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
MB (2 times)
MeBr (2 times)
CF (1 time)
2006 Sulfuryl fluoride as a quarantine treatment for Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in regulated wood packing material.
77  sustained field
(13 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AEF (3 times)
ASSR (2 times)
MEG (2 times)
1991 Activation of the human auditory cortex by speech sounds.
78  soy flour
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
BG (2 times)
FER (2 times)
NPU (2 times)
1983 Effects of iron status and soy protein on iron absorption by rats.
79  stacking fault
(12 times)
Nanotechnology
(7 times)
TEM (4 times)
NWs (3 times)
SFE (2 times)
2000 TEM analysis of epitaxial semiconductor layers with high stacking fault densities considering artifacts induced by the cross-section geometry
80  surgery-first
(12 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
MMT (2 times)
NAT (2 times)
OF (2 times)
2010 Comparison of transverse dimensional changes in surgical skeletal Class III patients with and without presurgical orthodontics.
81  synchronous fluorescence
(12 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
EEM (2 times)
AGEs (1 time)
AOM (1 time)
1998 Fluorescence and immunochemical studies of advanced glycation-related lens pigments.
82  synergistic factor
(12 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
Bti (2 times)
CC (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1985 Detection of synergistic factor and interleukin-3 activity in the serum and ascites fluid of mice bearing the WEHI-3 tumour.
83  Schisandrae Fructus
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
IL-1beta (2 times)
OA (2 times)
AHR (1 time)
2006 Matrix degradation inhibitory effect of Schisandra fructus on human articular cartilage and chondrocytes.
84  slaframine
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
BW (4 times)
4-DAMP (2 times)
BW.75 (1 time)
1986 Effects of slaframine on ruminant digestive function: resting salivary flow and composition in cattle.
85  source function
(11 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
BCP (2 times)
A-B (1 time)
AE (1 time)
2007 Source function description of metal-metal bonding in d-block organometallic compounds.
86  sulfation factor
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
SM (2 times)
CDC (1 time)
GH (1 time)
1960 Studies on sulfation factor (SF) activity of human serum. Effect of human growth hormone on SF levels in pituitary dwarfism.
87  systolic function
(11 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
EF (3 times)
CHF (2 times)
LV (2 times)
1997 PVF velocity pattern in patients with heart failure: transesophageal echocardiographic assessment.
88  salivary flow
(10 times)
Histocytochemistry
(3 times)
GI (3 times)
PBI (3 times)
ADH (1 time)
1992 Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic modeling of the effects of clonidine on pain threshold, blood pressure, and salivary flow.
89  saponin fraction
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AE (3 times)
EHA (2 times)
FF (2 times)
2006 A pair of diastereoisomeric steroidal saponins from cytotoxic extracts of Tupistra chinensis rhizomes.
90  Semliki Forest
(10 times)
Virology
(4 times)
SIN (5 times)
ADCC (1 time)
ADCMC (1 time)
1965 IN VIVO ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITY OF 1,3-BIS(2-CHLOROETHYL)-1-NITROSOUREA.
91  single-frequency
(10 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
DF (3 times)
MF (3 times)
BIA (2 times)
1998 Analytic assessment of the various bioimpedance methods used to estimate body water.
92  slow-feathering
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
RF (8 times)
ALV (4 times)
WL (3 times)
1988 Association of the slow feathering (K) and an endogenous viral (ev21) gene on the Z chromosome of chickens.
93  splicing factor
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
AML (2 times)
B-ALL (1 time)
CTLs (1 time)
1985 Purification of a protein required for the splicing of pre-mRNA and its separation from the lariat debranching enzyme.
94  structure function
(10 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
AACF (1 time)
ACF (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
2011 Arbitrary-order Hilbert spectral analysis for time series possessing scaling statistics: comparison study with detrended fluctuation analysis and wavelet leaders.
95  supercritical fluid
(10 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
AFM (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1986 Solubilization of biomolecules in carbon dioxide based supercritical fluids.
96  superfluid
(10 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
SS (3 times)
BEC (1 time)
BG (1 time)
2007 Superfluid-insulator transition of strongly interacting fermi gases in optical lattices.
97  separation factor
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
TODGA (2 times)
APR (1 time)
DHOA (1 time)
2006 Selective removal of lead and bromide from a hazardous industrial solid waste using Limited Acid Demand and Separation Factor at ambient conditions.
98  significant fibrosis
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
APRI (4 times)
AF (3 times)
AUROC (3 times)
2009 Prospective validation of a noninvasive index for predicting liver fibrosis in hepatitis C virus-infected liver transplant recipients.
99  singlet exciton fission
(9 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
DPP (1 time)
fs-TA (1 time)
fsTA (1 time)
2015 Singlet exciton fission in thin films of tert-butyl-substituted terrylenes.
100  spikelet fertility
(9 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
PH (3 times)
RIL (3 times)
GY (2 times)
1996 RFLP mapping of QTLs for yield and related characters in rice (Oryza sativa L.).