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Abbreviation: SND
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Long forms: 109

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
simultaneous nitrification and denitrification
(191 times)
Environmental Health
(103 times)
TN (44 times)
DO (43 times)
SBR (21 times)
2003 Effect of oxygen concentration on nitrification and denitrification in single activated sludge flocs.
sympathetic nerve discharge
(178 times)
Physiology
(109 times)
MAP (26 times)
RVLM (20 times)
LTF (13 times)
1975 Baroreceptor mechanisms controlling sympathetic nervous rhythms of central origin.
sinus node dysfunction
(157 times)
Cardiology
(105 times)
AF (37 times)
AVB (19 times)
AV (18 times)
1976 Analysis of secondary pauses following termination of rapid atrial pacing in man.
selective neck dissection
(112 times)
Otolaryngology
(57 times)
MRND (19 times)
RND (16 times)
SCC (15 times)
1996 Selective neck dissection and the management of the node-positive neck.
striatonigral degeneration
(92 times)
Neurology
(72 times)
MSA (47 times)
OPCA (43 times)
PD (21 times)
1975 The striatonigral degenerations. Putaminal pigments and nosology.
sinus node disease
(43 times)
Cardiology
(39 times)
AF (12 times)
AV (6 times)
AVB (6 times)
1980 Heat rate responses in patients with sinus node disease compared to controls: physiological implications and diagnostic possibilities.
Sini decoction
(38 times)
Complementary Therapies
(17 times)
MDA (7 times)
SOD (6 times)
TCM (6 times)
1994 [Mechanisms responsible for protective effect of Sini decoction on ischemic myocardium in mice].
Salzmann nodular degeneration
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
PTK (8 times)
BCVA (2 times)
MMC (2 times)
2004 Phototherapeutic keratectomy in Salzmann's nodular degeneration.
systematic nodal dissection
(17 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
NSCLC (7 times)
VATS (5 times)
BC (2 times)
2001 [Intraoperative lymph node staging in bronchogenic carcinoma surgery. Consensus report].
10  secondary neurodegeneration
(11 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
LOPC (1 time)
NMDA (1 time)
p.i (1 time)
2009 [Mechanisms of secondary degeneration in the central nervous system during acute neural disorders and white matter damage].
11  sensorineural deafness
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
ABR (1 time)
aBS (1 time)
BCNC (1 time)
1987 Relationship of serum bilirubin levels and hearing impairment in newborn infants.
12  spontaneous nipple discharge
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
FD (2 times)
DI (1 time)
HT (1 time)
2004 Ductoscopic cytology and image analysis to detect breast carcinoma.
13  Special Needs Dentistry
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
SHCN (2 times)
CI (1 time)
DOM (1 time)
2009 Access to dental care among adults with physical and intellectual disabilities: residence factors.
14  Sensory neuron diseases
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CHEP (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
SEP (1 time)
2005 Sensory neuron diseases.
15  sinoatrial node dysfunction
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
HDAVB (2 times)
STEMI (2 times)
AV (1 time)
2016 Could ivabradine challenge be helpful for the diagnosis of intermittent sinoatrial node dysfunction in suspected patients?
16  sinonasal disease
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
CF (1 time)
CT (1 time)
eESS (1 time)
2006 Computed tomography scans in the evaluation of patients with olfactory dysfunction.
17  social novelty discrimination
(4 times)
Psychopharmacology
(3 times)
AMPH (1 time)
CDPPB (1 time)
FST (1 time)
2009 Depression-like deficits in rats improved by subchronic modafinil.
18  sounds
(4 times)
Cognition
(1 time)
rSEN (4 times)
SEN (4 times)
CNTNAP2 (1 time)
2006 Language processing and human voice perception in schizophrenia: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study.
19  subfoveal neuroretinal detachment
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
DME (4 times)
BCVA (2 times)
CMT (2 times)
2018 Evaluation of markers of outcome in real-world treatment of diabetic macular edema.
20  sudden natural death
(4 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
MCs (1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
SBS (1 time)
2004 Common mitochondrial DNA deletion associated with sudden natural death in adults.
21  superficial necrolytic dermatitis
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
AAI (1 time)
PB (1 time)
2002 Plasma amino acid concentrations in 36 dogs with histologically confirmed superficial necrolytic dermatitis.
22  supraomohyoid neck dissection
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CND (1 time)
OCSCC (1 time)
SCC (1 time)
2003 Sternocleidomastoid myocutaneous flap for intraoral reconstruction after resection of oral squamous cell carcinoma.
23  swan neck deformity
(4 times)
Hand
(3 times)
PIPJ (2 times)
DIP (1 time)
DIPJ (1 time)
2016 Lateral band translocation for swan-neck deformity: Outcomes of 41 digits after a mean follow-up of eight years.
24  saddle nose deformity
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ROM (1 time)
WG (1 time)
2010 Association between saddle nose deformity and retro-orbital mass in Wegener's granulomatosis.
25  SAN dysfunction
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
SAN (2 times)
CaMKII (1 time)
ox-CaMKII (1 time)
2014 CaMKII in sinoatrial node physiology and dysfunction.
26  sedentary+ND
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ND (3 times)
3beta-HSD (1 time)
AAS (1 time)
2003 Effects of submaximal training and anabolic androgenic steroids administration on steroidogenic enzyme activity in rat Leydig cells.
27  selective ND
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ND (3 times)
ART (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
2004 Shoulder function after accessory nerve-sparing neck dissections.
28  semantic neighbourhood density
(3 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
INST (1 time)
RD (1 time)
2012 The cognitive chronometric architecture of reading aloud: semantic and lexical effects on naming onset and duration.
29  severe neurocognitive disorders
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
MCS (3 times)
EEG (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2008 Brain function in the minimally conscious state: a quantitative neurophysiological study.
30  simultaneously performing heterotrophic nitrification and aerobic denitrification
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
2,4,6-TNP (1 time)
2,4-DNP (1 time)
4-NP (1 time)
2012 Effect of shock and mixed loading on the performance of SND based sequencing batch reactors (SBR) degrading nitrophenols.
31  Standard normal deviate
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CSPRQ (1 time)
1999 Appraisal of a standardised periodontal referral proforma.
32  subbasal nerve density
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
CL (1 time)
LASIK (1 time)
LSCD (1 time)
2015 [Corneal subbasal nerve density changes after laser in situ keratomileusis with mechanical microkeratome and femtosecond laser].
33  sustainable networked delivery
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
END (1 time)
TND (1 time)
2009 Designing and assessing a sustainable networked delivery (SND) system: hybrid business-to-consumer book delivery case study.
34  salvage neck dissection
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
HPV (2 times)
CRT (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
2016 No benefit for regional control and survival by planned neck dissection in primary irradiated oropharyngeal cancer irrespective of p16 expression.
35  scatterer number density
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
SNR (1 time)
1988 Tissue characterization based on scatterer number density estimation.
36  shortcut nitrification-denitrification
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AOB (1 time)
CPW (1 time)
LAC-AS (1 time)
2018 Performance of a sequencing-batch membrane bioreactor (SMBR) with an automatic control strategy treating high-strength swine wastewater.
37  shortest nuclear diameter
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
LND (1 time)
LNDA (1 time)
NA (1 time)
1995 Comparative morphometric studies of benign and malignant intraductal proliferative lesions of the breast by computerized image analysis.
38  simultaneous nitrifying and denitrifying
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
COD (1 time)
DO (1 time)
MBR (1 time)
2007 NOx monitoring of a simultaneous nitrifying-denitrifying (SND) activated sludge plant at different oxidation reduction potentials.
39  sinoatrial node disease
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
--- 1990 Pacing in atrial arrhythmias.
40  sperm nuclear decondensation
(2 times)
Embryology
(1 time)
CTC (1 time)
IVF (1 time)
mHTF (1 time)
1984 In vitro induction of sperm nucleus decondensation by cytosol from mature toad eggs.
41  sunflower necrosis disease
(2 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
DAC (1 time)
TSV (1 time)
WSMV (1 time)
2001 Isolation of an Isometric Virus Causing Sunflower Necrosis Disease in India.
42  synthetic natural derived
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CTA (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
ITA (1 time)
2012 Natural products as sources for new pesticides.
43  systematic lymph node dissection
(2 times)
Thoracic Diseases
(1 time)
LS-ND (2 times)
CIR (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2017 Lobe-Specific Lymph Node Dissection as a Standard Procedure in Surgery for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Propensity Score Matching Study.
44  drainfields-shallow narrow
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BOD (1 time)
GEO (1 time)
OWTS (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of water quality functions of conventional and advanced soil-based onsite wastewater treatment systems.
45  postganglionic-sympathetic nerve discharge
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
HYP (1 time)
IML (1 time)
LTF (1 time)
1990 Descending projections of hypothalamic neurons with sympathetic nerve-related activity.
46  safe needling depth
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
PP (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2018 Change of Safe Needling Depth at Acupoint GB21 according to Posture and Breathing.
47  satellite needle distribution
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
aOR (1 time)
IDUs (1 time)
NEPs (1 time)
2002 Satellite needle distribution among injection drug users: policy and practice in two canadian cities.
48  scaled-normalized difference
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
LET (1 time)
MC (1 time)
TPS (1 time)
2015 Proposed linear energy transfer areal detector for protons using radiochromic film.
49  secondary neurological deterioration
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
TCD (1 time)
TCDB (1 time)
2011 Transcranial Doppler to screen on admission patients with mild to moderate traumatic brain injury.
50  Secondary Wall-Associated NAC Domain
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
SCW (1 time)
VND (1 time)
2017 Reciprocal cross-regulation of VND and SND multigene TF families for wood formation in Populus trichocarpa.
51  sedentary nandrolone decanoate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AASs (1 time)
EC (1 time)
END (1 time)
2017 Chronic endurance exercise antagonizes the cardiac UCP2 and UCP3 protein up-regulation induced by nandrolone decanoate.
52  sedentary non-diabetic
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
END (1 time)
ND (1 time)
2016 The Effect of Aerobic Exercise Training on Plasma Apelin Levels and Pain Threshold in T1DM Rats.
53  selective central and/or lateral neck dissection
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
DTC (1 time)
LT (1 time)
PTH (1 time)
2015 Selectively predictive calcium supplementation using NCCN risk stratification system after thyroidectomy with differentiated thyroid cancer.
54  selective lateral neck dissection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CNM (1 time)
LNM (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2011 Lateral cervical lymph node metastases from papillary thyroid carcinoma: predictive factors of nodal metastasis.
55  selective neck dissection of three levels
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
SN (1 time)
2012 Sentinel lymph node biopsy in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: 10 years of experience.
56  selective neuronal destruction
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1982 The origin of lipid phagocytes in the central nervous system: I. The intrinsic microglia.
57  selective, labelling less extensive dissection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LND (1 time)
PTC (1 time)
2019 Comprehensive Lateral Neck Dissection in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma may Reduce Lateral Neck Recurrence Rates.
58  semi noise dosimetry
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EEIND (1 time)
PND (1 time)
REIND (1 time)
2010 Field evaluation of measuring indoor noise exposure in workplace with task-based active RFID technology.
59  sericin-DOX
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
2016 Design and Fabrication of Multifunctional Sericin Nanoparticles for Tumor Targeting and pH-Responsive Subcellular Delivery of Cancer Chemotherapy Drugs.
60  serum containing Plasmodium antibodies
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 [Effect of serum on the outcome of in vitro testing of the chemosensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum].
61  Seungnoidan
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
2003 Seungnoidan increases cerebrocortical ATP and acetylcholine contents in ovariectomized rats.
62  severe neurological damage
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CPA (1 time)
IWR (1 time)
2004 In-water resuscitation--is it worthwhile?
63  Severe neurological deficit
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
aHR (1 time)
ASIA (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2017 Characteristics of and risk factors for severe neurological deficit in patients with pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis: A case-control study.
64  severe neurological disabilities
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
JSCN (1 time)
2000 Ethical attitudes of Japanese physicians regarding life-sustaining treatment for children with severe neurological disabilities.
65  severe neuromuscular disease
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
DMCS (1 time)
HAD (1 time)
2015 Double mobility cup total hip arthroplasty in patients at high risk for dislocation: a single-center analysis.
66  signal recognition particle-independent
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
MGAT1 (1 time)
TMEM208 (1 time)
2019 Transmembrane insertases and N-glycosylation critically determine synthesis, trafficking, and activity of the nonselective cation channel TRPC6.
67  signal-to-noise difference
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
PRF (1 time)
1999 Influence of instrument settings on flow signal and background noise in power Doppler US. An experimental study using a flow phantom with hyperechoic background.
68  silica nanoparticle-doped
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
HAN (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2009 Dual-operation-mode liquid crystal lens.
69  simultaneous heterotrophic nitrifying-aerobic denitrifying
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DO (1 time)
PTBR (1 time)
TN (1 time)
2019 Efficient nitrogen removal by simultaneous heterotrophic nitrifying-aerobic denitrifying bacterium in a purification tank bioreactor amended with two-stage dissolved oxygen control.
70  single-metal nanoparticles deposition method
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
MMD (1 time)
2009 One step to detect the latent fingermarks with gold nanoparticles.
71  single-nucleotide difference
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2018 Spatial Analysis of Nanofluidic-Embedded Biosensors for Wash-Free Single-Nucleotide Difference Discrimination.
72  Sini Powder () decoction
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
SD (1 time)
2015 Sini powder () decoction alleviates mood disorder of insomnia by regulating cation-chloride cotransporters in hippocampus.
73  sinus node
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
CSNRT (1 time)
SCL (1 time)
SNRT (1 time)
2013 Influence of racemic higenamine on the sinus node.
74  sinus node depolarization
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CSM (1 time)
EP (1 time)
SNE (1 time)
1989 The duration of the sinus node depolarization on transvenous sinus node electrograms can identify sinus node dysfunction and can suggest its severity.
75  sinus node disease alone
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
NC (1 time)
SAEP (1 time)
1995 Signal-averaged electrocardiography of the sinus and paced P wave in sinus node disease.
76  skew normal distribution
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BMG (1 time)
2017 Determination of accurate, mean bond lengths from radial distribution functions.
77  Sleep and Nap Diary
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
CSDI (1 time)
2017 Efficacy and Safety of Pediatric Prolonged-Release Melatonin for Insomnia in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder.
78  Small-N Designs
(1 time)
LMEM (1 time)
2019 Statistical analysis in Small-N Designs: using linear mixed-effects modeling for evaluating intervention effectiveness.
79  smokers with nicotine dependence
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DLPFC (1 time)
HC (1 time)
IGD (1 time)
2017 Difference in the functional connectivity of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex between smokers with nicotine dependence and individuals with internet gaming disorder.
80  SN dissection
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DG (1 time)
EGC (1 time)
PG (1 time)
2017 Clinical application and outcomes of sentinel node navigation surgery in patients with early gastric cancer.
81  SND was damaged, and r
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DNPR (1 time)
OD (1 time)
ORP (1 time)
2008 Nitrogen and phosphorus removal in pilot-scale anaerobic-anoxic oxidation ditch system.
82  social network disorder
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
IGD (1 time)
2018 Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Evaluation of the Social Network Use Disorder and Internet Gaming Disorder Criteria.
83  sodium naphthalene-2,6-dicarboxylate
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
SNB (1 time)
2018 Three-Electron Redox Enabled Dithiocarboxylate Electrode for Superior Lithium Storage Performance.
84  spatial novelty detection
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ALG (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
IFE (1 time)
2020 Effects of PACAP-38 and an analog, acetyl-[Ala15, Ala20] PACAP-38-propylamide, on memory consolidation in the detection of spatial novelty task in rats.
85  spindle-non-detected
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2008 Spindle imaging: a marker for embryo development and implantation.
86  SRP independent
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
SRP (1 time)
2017 hSnd2 protein represents an alternative targeting factor to the endoplasmic reticulum in human cells.
87  standard design
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PLD (1 time)
2020 Early Limb Reperfusion Using Routinely Preloaded Fenestrated Stent-graft Designs for Complex Endovascular Aortic Procedures.
88  standard normal deviation
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DH (1 time)
2001 Comparison of dentine hypersensitivity in selected occidental and oriental populations.
89  standard normal diet
(1 time)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
FFA (1 time)
GLU (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
2020 Growth, behavioural, serum biochemical and morphological changes in female rabbits fed high-fat diet.
90  Standard number of deviations
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Functions and complications of shunts in different etiologies of childhood hydrocephalus.
91  stem necrosis disease
(1 time)
Virus Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2019 Complete genome sequence and phylogenetic relationships of tobacco streak virus causing groundnut stem necrosis disease in India.
92  striatal and nigral degeneration
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
3-NP (1 time)
2005 Effects of riluzole on combined MPTP + 3-nitropropionic acid-induced mild to moderate striatonigral degeneration in mice.
93  striatonigral degeneration variant
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MSA (1 time)
OPCA (1 time)
PCr (1 time)
1999 Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy in multiple system atrophy and Parkinson's disease.
94  striatonigral degeneration-type multisystem atrophy
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
PSP (1 time)
2000 Neuropsychological follow up in patients with Parkinson's disease, striatonigral degeneration-type multisystem atrophy, and progressive supranuclear palsy.
95  stroke no dementia
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CAMCOG (1 time)
MMSE (1 time)
2009 Increased binding to 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A receptors is associated with large vessel infarction and relative preservation of cognition.
96  stroke who were not demented
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HHP (1 time)
OR (1 time)
1999 Characterization of risk factors for vascular dementia: the Honolulu-Asia Aging Study.
97  sub-basal nerve plexus density
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
LSCD (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2019 In vivo confocal microscopy indicates an inverse relationship between the sub-basal corneal plexus and the conjunctivalisation in patients with limbal stem cell deficiency.
98  sudomotor neurite density
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
END (1 time)
SFN (1 time)
2020 Diagnostic utility of small fiber analysis in skin biopsies from children with chronic pain.
99  super-Nyquist density EEG
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ND (1 time)
2017 Very high density EEG elucidates spatiotemporal aspects of early visual processing.
100  superior notch distance
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
IFR (1 time)
1982 [Roentgenological study of the lumbar spinal canal shape (author's transl)].