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Abbreviation: SNP
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Long forms: 172

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
single nucleotide polymorphism
(13386 times)
Molecular Biology
(1448 times)
OR (703 times)
GWAS (611 times)
CI (512 times)
0 Genetic Variation of the Mu Opioid Receptor (OPRM1) and Dopamine D2 Receptor (DRD2) is Related to Smoking Differences in Patients with Schizophrenia but not Bipolar Disorder.
sodium nitroprusside
(4096 times)
Pharmacology
(782 times)
NO (1830 times)
ACh (677 times)
L-NAME (301 times)
1976 [EEG effects of sodium nitroprusside and hemodynamic references].
silver nanoparticles
(69 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
TEM (6 times)
FTIR (3 times)
PL (3 times)
2008 Nominal and effective dosimetry of silica nanoparticles in cytotoxicity assays.
subbasal nerve plexus
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
CCM (7 times)
CLSM (4 times)
CNFL (3 times)
2011 Image reconstruction of the subbasal nerve plexus with in vivo confocal microscopy.
simulated natural photoperiod
(12 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
NKA (2 times)
ALJ (1 time)
DLs (1 time)
1989 Mitochondrial enzyme and Na(+), K (+)-ATPase activity, and ion regulation during parr-smolt transformation of Atlantic salmon (Salmon salar).
severe necrotizing pancreatitis
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
AEP (1 time)
APACHE (1 time)
APTT (1 time)
1997 Early versus late necrosectomy in severe necrotizing pancreatitis.
spatial negative priming
(9 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
ER (2 times)
ERPs (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2005 Selection and inhibition in infancy: evidence from the spatial negative priming paradigm.
sinonasal polyposis
(8 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
IL (2 times)
sHLA-G (2 times)
Br-Tyr (1 time)
1996 Another CT sign of sinonasal polyposis: truncation of the bony middle turbinate.
sodium nitroprusside dehydrate
(8 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
NO (6 times)
carboxyl-PTIO (1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
1999 Exogenous nitric oxide inhibits platelet activation in whole blood.
10  semi-nonparametric
(6 times)
Statistics as Topic
(3 times)
beta-hCG (1 time)
IVF (1 time)
NB (1 time)
1992 Smooth nonparametric maximum likelihood estimation for population pharmacokinetics, with application to quinidine.
11  supernormal period
(6 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
AP (2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
ARP (1 time)
1983 Effects of extracellular potassium concentration on the excitability of the parallel fibres of the rat cerebellum.
12  synaptophysin
(6 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ChrA (3 times)
NCAM (2 times)
NE (2 times)
1994 Human neurocytoma cells in culture show characteristics of astroglial differentiation.
13  single nucleotide germline polymorphism
(4 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
DIP (1 time)
EAC (1 time)
2005 The role of interleukin 10 promoter polymorphisms in the susceptibility of distal interphalangeal osteoarthritis.
14  Sipunculus nudus
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2014 Protective effects of polysaccharides from Sipunculus nudus on Beagle dogs exposed to gamma-radiation.
15  spikelet number per panicle
(4 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
IL (1 time)
IL_LT (1 time)
IL_TQ (1 time)
2001 [QTL dissection of panicle number per plant and spikelet number per panicle in rice (Oryza sativa L.)].
16  Scottish National Party
(3 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
MUP (1 time)
SIRD (1 time)
2003 Scotland's rainbow parliament.
17  sentinel node procedure
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ALND (2 times)
BC (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
2008 Prevention of futile sentinel node procedures in breast cancer: ultrasonography of the axilla and fine-needle aspiration cytology are obligatory.
18  Shenandoah National Park
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ANC (1 time)
ANP (1 time)
BBWM (1 time)
2001 Computation and visualization of regional-scale forest disturbance and associated dissolved nitrogen export from Shenandoah National Park, Virginia.
19  single nucleotide point
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BPD (1 time)
BS (1 time)
GD (1 time)
2006 Possible interaction between HLA-DRbeta1 and thyroglobulin variants in Graves' disease.
20  sinonasal papillomas
(3 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
HPV (3 times)
ISH (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
1996 Human papillomavirus and Epstein-Barr virus in sinonasal Schneiderian papillomas. An in situ hybridization and polymerase chain reaction study.
21  sleep nasopharyngoscopy
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
SDB (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
DS (1 time)
2010 Prevalence of laryngomalacia in children presenting with sleep-disordered breathing.
22  slow negative potential
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 1983 [Origin of the slow negative potential of direct cortical responses in the cat].
23  sodium nitroprusside infusion
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
beta-exposure (1 time)
BRS (1 time)
CICU (1 time)
2003 [Role of endothelium-derived nitric oxide in sustained flow-dependent dilatation of human peripheral conduit arteries].
24  Special Needs Plan
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CWA (1 time)
DoC (1 time)
ODM (1 time)
2008 Beyond satisfaction: using the Dynamics of Care assessment to better understand patients' experiences in care.
25  S-nitroso-N-acetyl penicillamine or sodium nitroprusside
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
8-Br-cGMP (1 time)
CARP (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
1997 Nitric oxide-induced hyperpolarization stimulates low-conductance Na+ channel of rat CCD.
26  scanning near-field photolithography
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
SAMs (2 times)
fwhm (1 time)
OEG (1 time)
2007 Fabrication of biomolecular nanostructures by scanning near-field photolithography of oligo(ethylene glycol)-terminated self-assembled monolayers.
27  school nurse practitioner
(2 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
--- 1984 Implementation of the school nurse practitioner role: barriers and facilitators.
28  seneciphylline
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
PAs (2 times)
GC (1 time)
INT (1 time)
1992 Hydrolysis of pyrrolizidine alkaloids by guinea pig hepatic carboxylesterases.
29  sensorimotor neuropathy
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
CANP (1 time)
PANP (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
1996 Autonomic and sensorimotor neuropathy in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and systemic sclerosis.
30  sensory neuropeptide
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
COX-M (1 time)
EDRF (1 time)
HCVD (1 time)
1996 Factors accounting for different responses of pulmonary and cerebral vessels to hypoxia.
31  Serengeti National Park
(2 times)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2007 Rainfall and soils modify plant community response to grazing in Serengeti National Park.
32  shoulder and neck pain
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CAR (1 time)
FMS (1 time)
HC (1 time)
1997 Arm and trunk posture during work in relation to shoulder and neck pain and trapezius activity.
33  shoulder/neck pain
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BF (1 time)
HR (1 time)
TTH (1 time)
2006 Pain induced by low-grade stress in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic shoulder/neck pain, relation to surface electromyography.
34  silica NP
(2 times)
Physics
(1 time)
NP (2 times)
BALF (1 time)
cryo-SEM (1 time)
2013 Engineered silica nanoparticles act as adjuvants to enhance allergic airway disease in mice.
35  single nucleotide point mutation
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
ASHI (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
SSP (1 time)
1999 Molecular typing for the MHC with PCR-SSP.
36  sinus node potential
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
D-SACT (1 time)
SACTD (1 time)
SCL (1 time)
1982 [Evaluation of sinoatrial conduction time by recording the sinus node potential. Comparison with indirect methods of evaluation].
37  Sipunculus nudus L. polysaccharide
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ICR (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
RBC (1 time)
2015 Radioprotective effects of Sipunculus nudus L. polysaccharide combined with WR-2721, rhIL-11 and rhG-CSF on radiation-injured mice.
38  sniff nasal pressure
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ALS (2 times)
FVC (2 times)
AGA (1 time)
2012 Factors related to respiration influencing survival and respiratory function in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: a retrospective study.
39  SNP group
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
LPCH (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
2004 Esmolol attenuates hepatic blood flow responses during sodium nitroprusside-induced hypotension in dogs.
40  sodium nonivamide propionate
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
SNA (2 times)
HPMC (1 time)
MC (1 time)
1998 Transdermal delivery of sodium nonivamide propionate by iontophoresis.
41  special needs patients
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
GA (2 times)
2014 A retrospective review of outcomes of dental treatment performed for special needs patients under general anaesthesia: 2-year follow-up.
42  specific nuclear protein
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1986 A specific nuclear protein and poly(ADPribose)transferase activity in lizard oviduct during the reproductive cycle.
43  starch nanoparticles
(2 times)
Food Analysis
(1 time)
--- 2013 Development and characterization of starch nanoparticles by gamma radiation: potential application as starch matrix filler.
44  sterile nodular panniculitis
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
SLE (1 time)
2010 Canine sterile nodular panniculitis: a retrospective study of 14 cases.
45  supramolecular nanoparticle
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
Ad (1 time)
CD (1 time)
NSMD (1 time)
2013 Supramolecular nanoparticles that target phosphoinositide-3-kinase overcome insulin resistance and exert pronounced antitumor efficacy.
46  informative-single nucleotide polymorphism
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
ST (1 time)
2014 A comparison of two informative SNP-based strategies for typing Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from patients with cystic fibrosis.
47  nitroprusside-sodium
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
APA (1 time)
ChTX (1 time)
2008 Potassium channels sensitive to combination of charybdotoxin and apamin regulate the tone of diabetic isolated canine coronary arteries.
48  Nitrovasodilators-sodium nitroprusside
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
2006 Effects of oxidizing and reducing agents on ovine pulmonary artery responses to nitric oxide donors, sodium nitroprusside and 3-morpholino-sydnonimine.
49  non-smoking partner
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2008 Intention to quit smoking: is the partner's smoking status associated with the smoker's intention to quit?
50  S-nitro-N-acetylpenicillamide
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ELF (1 time)
l-NAME (1 time)
NO (1 time)
1998 Evidence for the involvement of nitric oxide and nitric oxide synthase in the modulation of opioid-induced antinociception and the inhibitory effects of exposure to 60-Hz magnetic fields in the land snail.
51  S-nitroprussiate
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
DEA-NO (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2014 Endogenous nitric oxide but not exogenous no-donor S-nitroprussiate facilitates NMDA excitation in spontaneous rhythmic neonatal rat brainstem slice.
52  safety net providers
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 2017 Collaboration Across the Safety Net in the Era of Health Reform: Opportunities or Obstacles?
53  safety of intravenously administered nicardipine with that of intravenous nitroprusside
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
1994 A comparison of intravenous nicardipine and sodium nitroprusside in the immediate treatment of severe hypertension.
54  same level of hypotension (-30%) nitroprusside
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CCBF (1 time)
CO (1 time)
CVP (1 time)
1984 Systemic and carotid haemodynamics and plasma renin activity during deliberate hypotension in dogs: a comparison of sodium nitroprusside with nicergoline.
55  Saturday night palsy
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
MRC (1 time)
2017 Prognostic Value of Nerve Ultrasound and Electrophysiological Findings in Saturday Night Palsy.
56  Scale of Nursing Performance
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
NUMs (1 time)
1991 Clinical performance of university nursing graduates.
57  School Net Programme
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
LLIN (1 time)
2017 Can school-based distribution be used to maintain coverage of long-lasting insecticide treated bed nets: evidence from a large scale programme in southern Tanzania?
58  school nutrition policy
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2011 Implementing elementary school nutrition policy: principals' perspectives.
59  school nutrition programmes
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
SWOT (1 time)
2014 Programme coordinators' perceptions of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats associated with school nutrition programmes.
60  Sciatic nerve palsy
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 1994 Efficacy of corticosomatosensory evoked potential monitoring in predicting and/or preventing sciatic nerve palsy during total hip arthroplasty.
61  secreted NP
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
NP (1 time)
TAP (1 time)
1997 Introduction of a glycosylation site into a secreted protein provides evidence for an alternative antigen processing pathway: transport of precursors of major histocompatibility complex class I-restricted peptides from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cytosol.
62  seed number per pod
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
PWW (1 time)
SSW (1 time)
SWP (1 time)
2016 Contribution of the pod wall to seed grain filling in alfalfa.
63  selective because ET-1 also reversed relaxing responses to Na-nitroprusside
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
ET-1 (1 time)
PHE (1 time)
2009 Calcitonin gene-related peptide selectively relaxes contractile responses to endothelin-1 in rat mesenteric resistance arteries.
64  self nanoprecipitating preconcentrate
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AOT (1 time)
EE (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2012 Self nanoprecipitating preconcentrate of tamoxifen citrate for enhanced bioavailability.
65  sella-nasion-piriform
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
SN-PNS (1 time)
SNA (1 time)
2017 The Protruding Premaxilla: Is Our Current Approach the Right Answer?
66  Semaphorin/Neuropilin/Plexin
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Current drug design to target the Semaphorin/Neuropilin/Plexin complexes.
67  semiconductor nanoparticles
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
MNP (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2015 Metal-enhanced luminescence in colloidal solutions of CdSe and metal nanoparticles: investigation of density dependence and optical band overlap.
68  sentinel lymph node procedure
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
SNs (1 time)
2006 Sentinel node staging in colon carcinoma: value of sentinel lymph node biopsy with radiocolloid and blue staining.
69  sequestrated nucleus pulposus
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
RNP (1 time)
2011 Apoptosis in the sequestrated nucleus pulposus compared to the remaining nucleus pulposus in the same patient.
70  serine nonapeptide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PS (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2003 Stimulation of prothrombinase activity by the nonapeptide Thr-Trp-Ala-Arg-Asn-Ser-Tyr-Asn-Val, a segment of a plant thionin.
71  seronegative polyarthritis
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
IL-8 (1 time)
RA (1 time)
1996 Synovial fluid interleukin-8 and neutrophil function in rheumatoid arthritis and seronegative polyarthritis.
72  Severe neck pain
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
MCs (1 time)
NRS (1 time)
2017 Predictive factors associated with neck pain in patients with cervical disc degeneration: A cross-sectional study focusing on Modic changes.
73  severe neuropathic pain
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CSQ (1 time)
LOI (1 time)
MNP (1 time)
2016 Multidimensional Neuropathic Pain Phenotypes after Spinal Cord Injury.
74  severe neuropsychiatric
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
SLE (1 time)
2007 Effect of severe neuropsychiatric manifestations on short-term damage in systemic lupus erythematosus.
75  sham needling procedure
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DDN (1 time)
LPM (1 time)
MIO (1 time)
2018 Randomized, double-blind study comparing percutaneous electrolysis and dry needling for the management of temporomandibular myofascial pain.
76  shell-stacked nanoparticle
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DOX (1 time)
2017 Sequentially Responsive Shell-Stacked Nanoparticles for Deep Penetration into Solid Tumors.
77  short-necked clam protein
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BFP (1 time)
CAA (1 time)
PEP (1 time)
2002 Dietary amino acid profiles and growth performance in juvenile kuruma prawn Marsupenaeus japonicus.
78  showed a median point mutation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
cSCC (1 time)
SSUV (1 time)
2017 Whole-Exome Sequencing Validates a Preclinical Mouse Model for the Prevention and Treatment of Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
79  signaling. miR-146a is reportedly regulated by a G>C polymorphism
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2016 miR-146a Polymorphism (rs2910164) Predicts Colorectal Cancer Patients' Susceptibility to Liver Metastasis.
80  signals, expression states
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
DAS (1 time)
2006 ASD: a bioinformatics resource on alternative splicing.
81  significant association of asingle nucleotide polymorphism
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
2016 Association of single nucleotide polymorphism with arsenic-induced skin lesions and genetic damage in exposed population of West Bengal, India.
82  silica nanopowder
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BET (1 time)
BR46 (1 time)
FESEM (1 time)
2017 Sono-assisted adsorption of a textile dye on milk vetch-derived charcoal supported by silica nanopowder.
83  silicon nanopillar
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
SLG (1 time)
2016 Wrinkled single-layer graphenes fabricated by silicon nanopillar arrays.
84  silicon-based nanoparticles
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2011 The cytotoxic activity of amorphous silica nanoparticles is mainly influenced by surface area and not by aggregation.
85  silique per plant
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
SRAP (1 time)
SS (1 time)
SSR (1 time)
2010 [Molecular mapping and identification of quantitative trait loci for yield components in rapeseed (Brasscia napus L.)].
86  silver nanospheres
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
GNFs (1 time)
LSPR (1 time)
NIR (1 time)
2017 Near-IR-Absorbing Gold Nanoframes with Enhanced Physiological Stability and Improved Biocompatibility for In Vivo Biomedical Applications.
87  silver nitrate pleurodesis
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
RMPE (1 time)
2011 Is silver nitrate pleurodesis for patients with malignant pleural effusion feasible and safe when performed in an outpatient setting?
88  similar vasodilatory capacity in response to both endothelium-independent
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2017 Leg blood flow is impaired during small muscle mass exercise in patients with COPD.
89  simple nail plates
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LNP (1 time)
1997 [Locked nail plate: a new treatment for unstable pertrochanteric fractures].
90  simple neurocognitive psychosis
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
MNP (1 time)
TRYCATs (1 time)
2018 Towards a new classification of stable phase schizophrenia into major and simple neuro-cognitive psychosis: Results of unsupervised machine learning analysis.
91  simultaneously putative favorable allelic variants
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
FCR (1 time)
MEI (1 time)
RFI (1 time)
2013 Association of SNP of neuropeptide Y, leptin, and IGF-1 genes with residual feed intake in confinement and under grazing condition in Angus cattle.
92  sinapine
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
Mn (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2016 Hydrogen Peroxide-Resistant CotA and YjqC of Bacillus altitudinis Spores Are a Promising Biocatalyst for Catalyzing Reduction of Sinapic Acid and Sinapine in Rapeseed Meal.
93  Since data regarding the relationship between a common polymorphism
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2009 The common apolipoprotein A-1 polymorphism -75A>G is associated with ethnic differences in recurrent coronary events after recovery from an acute myocardial infarction.
94  single and combined associations between the polymorphism
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IL-13 (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2013 Interleukin-13 and RANTES polymorphisms in relation to asthma in children of Chinese Han nationality.
95  single drug neonatal prophylaxis
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
AOR (1 time)
CNP (1 time)
MTCT (1 time)
2013 Use of combination neonatal prophylaxis for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection in European high-risk infants.
96  single nasal prong
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
FM (1 time)
2013 A randomized trial of nasal prong or face mask for respiratory support for preterm newborns.
97  single neuron perceptron
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
GDBP (1 time)
MLP (1 time)
UCI (1 time)
2014 A novel single neuron perceptron with universal approximation and XOR computation properties.
98  single nucleotide insertion/deletion polymorphism
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MMP-1 (1 time)
2002 High levels of MMP-1 expression in the absence of the 2G single nucleotide polymorphism is mediated by p38 and ERK1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinases in VMM5 melanoma cells.
99  single nucleotide polymorphism oligonucleotide genomic
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
GBM (1 time)
GBMO (1 time)
LOH (1 time)
2011 Molecular and clinical analysis of glioblastoma with an oligodendroglial component (GBMO).
100  single nucleotide replacements
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
AFLP (1 time)
AFSP (1 time)
2016 [The interpopulation differences between nucleotide sequence polymorphisms in alleles of the STR-loci of human chromosomal DNA].