A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : SP

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : SP
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 4 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: SP
Appearance Frequency: 19819 time(s)
Long forms: 2280

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
substance P
(7187 times)
Neurology
(1654 times)
CGRP (1444 times)
VIP (960 times)
NKA (573 times)
1975 Experimental immunohistochemical studies on the localization and distribution of substance P in cat primary sensory neurons.
side population
(894 times)
Neoplasms
(248 times)
CSCs (146 times)
NSP (72 times)
CSC (69 times)
1989 The Stockholm breast cancer screening trial--5-year results and stage at discovery.
sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine
(817 times)
Tropical Medicine
(457 times)
CQ (162 times)
IPTp (107 times)
AQ (78 times)
1985 RII and RIII type resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to combination of mefloquine and sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine in Indonesia.
surfactant protein
(582 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(174 times)
LPS (29 times)
IL (23 times)
BALF (22 times)
1990 Enhancement of biophysical activity of lung surfactant extracts and phospholipid-apoprotein mixtures by surfactant protein A.
single-positive
(363 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(217 times)
DP (186 times)
DN (75 times)
TCR (60 times)
1988 Sequential events in thymocyte differentiation and thymus regeneration revealed by a combination of bromodeoxyuridine DNA labeling and antimitotic drug treatment.
standardized patient
(350 times)
Education
(128 times)
OSCE (42 times)
MI (8 times)
CME (6 times)
1977 [Index of fibrinolysis with new fibrin plate (author's transl)].
secondary progressive
(333 times)
Neurology
(226 times)
MS (272 times)
RR (239 times)
PP (135 times)
1996 Macroscopic and microscopic assessments of disease burden by MRI in multiple sclerosis: relationship to clinical parameters.
seminal plasma
(331 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(190 times)
BP (24 times)
IL (15 times)
AI (11 times)
1975 The split ejaculate of the boar: contributions of the epididymides and seminal vesicles.
senile plaques
(261 times)
Neurology
(167 times)
AD (172 times)
NFT (145 times)
APP (19 times)
1983 Fibrous astrocytes in Alzheimer's disease and senile dementia of Alzheimer's type.
10  silent period
(215 times)
Neurology
(124 times)
TMS (92 times)
MEP (66 times)
EMG (29 times)
1976 The silent period in the masseter muscle of patients with TMJ dysfunction.
11  summating potential
(211 times)
Otolaryngology
(102 times)
AP (98 times)
CM (68 times)
CAP (44 times)
1970 The characteristics of the cochlear after-potential studied in the guinea-pig by perfusion and stimulation.
12  social phobia
(209 times)
Psychiatry
(138 times)
GAD (43 times)
PD (40 times)
OCD (33 times)
1991 The relationship of social phobia subtypes and avoidant personality disorder.
13  Streptococcus pneumoniae
(203 times)
Pediatrics
(43 times)
Hi (32 times)
Nm (18 times)
HiB (14 times)
1984 An evaluation of latex particle agglutination to detect antigenemia in children.
14  signal peptide
(202 times)
Molecular Biology
(40 times)
ER (20 times)
aa (8 times)
SPP (7 times)
1989 Complete nucleotide sequence of immunogenic protein MPB70 from Mycobacterium bovis BCG.
15  surface plasmon
(157 times)
Ophthalmology
(71 times)
PL (14 times)
NPs (13 times)
SPR (11 times)
1999 Plasmon transmissivity and reflectivity of narrow grooves in a silver film.
16  spontaneous pneumothorax
(155 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(63 times)
VATS (25 times)
PSP (11 times)
SSP (9 times)
1986 Spontaneous pneumothorax in the USAF aircrew population: a retrospective study.
17  streptavidin-peroxidase
(117 times)
Neoplasms
(20 times)
MVD (11 times)
RT-PCR (9 times)
VEGF (9 times)
1989 Immunohistochemical detection of feline calicivirus in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens.
18  serine protease
(101 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(25 times)
CCP (8 times)
AP (5 times)
FXI (5 times)
1988 Effect of serine proteinase from Staphylococcus aureus on in vitro stimulation of human lymphocytes.
19  systolic pressure
(101 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
DP (39 times)
HR (30 times)
BP (17 times)
1977 Effect of autonomic blockade on the hemodynamic findings in acute cardiac tamponade.
20  Sao Paulo
(93 times)
Medicine
(19 times)
MG (6 times)
PR (5 times)
RJ (5 times)
1981 [Schistosoma mansoni: comparison of oviposition of the LE' (Belo Horizonte), SP (Sao Paulo) and ST (Liberia) strains in mice].
21  spiropyran
(84 times)
Chemistry
(51 times)
MC (45 times)
TPE (4 times)
FRET (3 times)
1992 Kinetic study of the helix to coil dark reaction of poly(spiropyran-L-glutamate).
22  sulfapyridine
(78 times)
Pharmacology
(27 times)
5-ASA (37 times)
SASP (30 times)
ac-SP (9 times)
1973 The metabolism of salicylazosulphapyridine in ulcerative colitis: II The relationship between metabolites and the progress of the disease studied in outpatients.
23  standard precautions
(75 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
HP (12 times)
LP (8 times)
BIS (5 times)
1992 Prostaglandins do not mediate impaired autoregulation or increased renin secretion in remnant rat kidneys.
24  soy protein
(74 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(28 times)
CA (6 times)
MC (4 times)
MP (4 times)
1981 Zinc deficiency in the cat.
25  short photoperiod
(72 times)
Physiology
(24 times)
LP (48 times)
PT (5 times)
FSH (4 times)
1982 Preantral intra-ovarian oocyte release in the white-footed mouse, Peromyscus leucopus.
26  simulated patient
(72 times)
Education
(28 times)
OSCE (8 times)
BBN (4 times)
CST (2 times)
1987 Using patient instructors to teach behavioral counseling skills.
27  sex peptide
(71 times)
Biology
(25 times)
SPR (12 times)
MIPs (6 times)
fru (4 times)
1993 Drosophila suzukii contains a peptide homologous to the Drosophila melanogaster sex-peptide and functional in both species.
28  spleen
(67 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(32 times)
PP (23 times)
BM (14 times)
MLN (12 times)
1975 Presence and kinetics of sensitized cells in different tissue compartments.
29  serum protein
(65 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(20 times)
MF (12 times)
SC (11 times)
UTP (5 times)
1977 Analysis of antibody response and immunoglobulins in sera of rabbits and guinea pigs immunized with Coxiella burnetii.
30  stratum pyramidale
(64 times)
Neurology
(28 times)
SR (21 times)
CA1 (14 times)
SO (13 times)
1986 Effects of GABA and bicuculline on N-methyl-D-aspartate- and quisqualate-induced reductions in extracellular free calcium in area CA1 of the hippocampal slice.
31  slow pathway
(63 times)
Cardiology
(53 times)
AVNRT (36 times)
FP (22 times)
AV (15 times)
1979 Effects of atropine on induction and maintenance of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia.
32  spironolactone
(63 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
MR (6 times)
CAN (3 times)
CHF (3 times)
1977 Antihypertensive effect and serum potassium homeostasis: comparison of hydrochlorothiazide and spironolactone alone and in combination.
33  smooth pursuit
(53 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
VOR (12 times)
FEF (5 times)
OKN (4 times)
1987 Comparison of smooth pursuit and combined eye-head tracking in human subjects with deficient labyrinthine function.
34  Spirulina platensis
(50 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
NO (9 times)
MDA (8 times)
BGA (5 times)
2001 [Biological activity of Spirulina].
35  styloid process
(46 times)
Dentistry
(14 times)
ESP (6 times)
CT (5 times)
ES (5 times)
2001 [Styloid process: radiograph and craniomandibular dysfunction (CMD)].
36  synthetic pyrethroid
(46 times)
Parasitology
(22 times)
OP (19 times)
LPT (6 times)
LTT (3 times)
1992 Resistance to synthetic pyrethroid pour-on insecticides in strains of the sheep body louse Bovicola (Damalinia) ovis.
37  stationary phase
(44 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(16 times)
LC (3 times)
RP (3 times)
SFC (3 times)
1990 Enhanced recovery of cytomegalovirus in conventional tube cultures with a spin-amplified adsorption.
38  spore photoproduct
(42 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
SPL (9 times)
SASP (8 times)
SAM (6 times)
1992 DNA in dormant spores of Bacillus species is in an A-like conformation.
39  soluble protein
(40 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
MDA (10 times)
SOD (9 times)
CHL (8 times)
1981 Liver changes under combined effect of working environmental factors.
40  supine position
(40 times)
Anesthesiology
(7 times)
PP (16 times)
ARDS (5 times)
PEEP (4 times)
1983 [Methodological problems of quantitative and combined evaluation of the asynergy and volume of the left heart ventricle by contrast ventriculography in patients with ischemic heart disease].
41  site preference
(39 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
WTP (7 times)
IRMS (3 times)
QCLAS (3 times)
2000 Willingness to pay for improved respiratory and cardiovascular health: a multiple-format, stated-preference approach.
42  slow progressors
(39 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(6 times)
RP (24 times)
LTNP (9 times)
HIV-1 (5 times)
1995 [The quantification of human immunodeficiency virus viremia in patients with rapid and slow progression of the disease].
43  sodium phosphate
(39 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
PEG (5 times)
BMI (3 times)
CVD (3 times)
1979 Hypophosphatemia in severe burns. A prospective study.
44  subplate
(39 times)
Brain
(15 times)
CP (17 times)
MZ (8 times)
PP (4 times)
1991 Development of the laminar distribution of thalamocortical axons and corticothalamic cell bodies in the visual cortex of the wallaby.
45  sleep paralysis
(36 times)
Psychiatry
(13 times)
REM (5 times)
HH (3 times)
PTSD (3 times)
1998 [Sleep paralysis].
46  solitary plasmacytoma
(34 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
MM (19 times)
RT (8 times)
OS (6 times)
1987 Multiple myeloma: the relationship between CALLA (CD10) positive lymphocytes in the peripheral blood and light chain isotype suppression.
47  single-port
(33 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
MP (5 times)
LA (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
2006 Single-point velocity statistics of forced and decaying two-dimensional turbulence.
48  spike potential
(33 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
SC (4 times)
SS (4 times)
IHR (3 times)
1980 Inhibition of postprandial colonic motility after ingestion of an amino acid mixture.
49  sodium perborate
(31 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
HP (10 times)
CP (7 times)
CEJ (3 times)
1982 Sodium periodate-induced human suppressor cells for polyclonal B cell activation.
50  specific phobia
(31 times)
Psychiatry
(17 times)
GAD (10 times)
PD (8 times)
SAD (8 times)
1997 Comorbidity of panic disorder with agoraphobia and specific phobia: relationship with the subtypes of specific phobia.
51  stump pressure
(30 times)
General Surgery
(19 times)
CEA (20 times)
EEG (8 times)
TCD (8 times)
1985 Techniques for temporary shunting of carotid arteries: experimental study in dogs.
52  secondary prevention
(29 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
PP (18 times)
ICD (7 times)
CV (4 times)
2004 [Acetylsalicylic acid consumption in patients with diabetes mellitus].
53  slow potential
(29 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
ERP (3 times)
ERPs (3 times)
MFB (2 times)
1975 An injury-induced diffuse slow potential from brain.
54  seropositive
(27 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
SN (15 times)
ESN (5 times)
HIV (5 times)
1989 Development of antibodies to HIV-1 is associated with an increase in circulating CD3+CD4-CD8- lymphocytes.
55  small plaque
(27 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
LP (21 times)
FMDV (3 times)
BK (2 times)
1970 The effect of diethylaminoethyl dextran and agar overlay pH on plaque formation by two plaque-size variants of foot-and-mouth disease virus.
56  sulfated polysaccharide
(27 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
FTIR (3 times)
APTT (2 times)
AIV (1 time)
1988 Is a natural ligand of the T lymphocyte CD2 molecule a sulfated carbohydrate?
57  superficial peroneal
(27 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
TIB (5 times)
FDL (4 times)
TA (4 times)
1976 Excitability changes of terminal arborizations of single Ia and Ib afferent fibers produced by muscle and cutaneous conditioning volleys.
58  sensitivity to punishment
(26 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(7 times)
SR (21 times)
BAS (3 times)
BN (3 times)
2006 Influence of individual differences in Behavioral Inhibition System on the magnitude and time course of the fear-potentiated startle.
59  superficial parotidectomy
(26 times)
Otolaryngology
(11 times)
ECD (7 times)
PSP (6 times)
ED (3 times)
1985 Surgical treatment of parotid gland tumors.
60  secondary patency
(25 times)
Vascular Diseases
(20 times)
PP (20 times)
CLI (6 times)
APP (4 times)
2001 Autogenous composite vein bypass graft for infrainguinal arterial reconstruction.
61  Sclerosing peritonitis
(24 times)
Nephrology
(11 times)
PD (7 times)
CAPD (5 times)
ChA (2 times)
1988 Sclerosing peritonitis. Possible early diagnosis by computerized tomography of the abdomen.
62  sphingomyelin
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PC (16 times)
PE (11 times)
PS (9 times)
1969 Phospholipases in arterial tissue. IV. The role of phosphatide acyl hydrolase, lysophosphatide acyl hydrolase, and sphingomyelin choline phosphohydrolase in the regulation of phospholipid composition in the normal human aorta with age.
63  spinous process
(24 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
LBP (3 times)
IVD (2 times)
PA (2 times)
1981 The spinous process: the forgotten appendage.
64  sulfopropyl
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
DEAE (3 times)
BDNF (1 time)
DBC (1 time)
1974 The toxicity of certain cereal proteins in coeliac disease.
65  SurePath
(24 times)
Cell Biology
(15 times)
TP (11 times)
LBC (8 times)
CS (5 times)
2006 Human papillomavirus testing using hybrid capture II with SurePath collection: initial evaluation and longitudinal data provide clinical validation for this method.
66  S-1 plus cisplatin
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
AGC (6 times)
AEs (3 times)
CI (3 times)
2010 Impacts of fluorouracil-metabolizing enzymes on the outcomes of patients treated with S-1 alone or S-1 plus cisplatin for first-line treatment of advanced gastric cancer.
67  secondary prophylaxis
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
PP (12 times)
FN (11 times)
G-CSF (8 times)
1993 Prevention of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia relapse in AIDS patients. The efficacy and tolerability of low-dose sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim.
68  systolic blood pressure
(23 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
DP (13 times)
HR (11 times)
MAP (2 times)
1981 Arterial compliance, systolic pressure and heart rate in elderly women at rest and on exercise.
69  Safety Pharmacology
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(21 times)
SPS (5 times)
NCEs (4 times)
CiPA (3 times)
2002 Safety pharmacology--a progressive approach.
70  single-pulse
(22 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
CP (5 times)
DP (5 times)
LIBS (5 times)
1994 Heart weight affects spontaneous defibrillation but not ventricular fibrillation threshold.
71  Sinus pericranii
(22 times)
Neurosurgery
(11 times)
AVM (1 time)
BRBNS (1 time)
CCM (1 time)
2002 Cervicofacial venous malformations. MRI features and interventional strategies.
72  sitting position
(22 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
PP (3 times)
HP (2 times)
LLD (2 times)
2001 Is the sitting or the prone position best for surgery for posterior fossa tumours in children?
73  soft palate
(22 times)
Otolaryngology
(7 times)
FF (6 times)
CT (3 times)
CV (3 times)
1995 Organization of orosensory responses in the nucleus of the solitary tract of rat.
74  solid phase
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
PEG (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
Abs (1 time)
1980 Circulating immune complexes in cancer patients receiving goat radiolocalizing antibodies to carcinoembryonic antigen.
75  surfactant-associated proteins
(22 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
Bax (2 times)
PL (2 times)
RDS (2 times)
1989 Structural relationship between the two small hydrophobic apoproteins in bovine pulmonary surfactant.
76  synthetic peptide
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
LPS (2 times)
MS (2 times)
SA (2 times)
1989 Immunogenicity of synthetic peptides derived from the sequences of a Streptococcus mutans cell surface antigen in nonhuman primates.
77  sphingosine
(21 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
PKC (6 times)
RA (3 times)
SPC (3 times)
1989 Na+-K+-ATPase is an effector protein for protein kinase C in renal proximal tubule cells.
78  splenius
(21 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
BC (6 times)
LD (5 times)
EMG (4 times)
1978 Direct excitation of neck motoneurons by interstitiospinal fibers.
79  sugar phosphates
(21 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
Pi (9 times)
PCr (8 times)
ADP (3 times)
1982 31P NMR studies of control of mitochondrial function in phosphofructokinase-deficient human skeletal muscle.
80  secondary polycythemia
(20 times)
Hematology
(11 times)
PV (12 times)
EPO (5 times)
ET (4 times)
1980 Platelets in myeloproliferative disorders. I. A comparative evaluation with certain platelet function tests.
81  self-paced
(20 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
FS (4 times)
RT (4 times)
VR (3 times)
1992 [The dependence of rapid voluntary contractions on the tremor phase in parkinsonism].
82  social participation
(20 times)
Geriatrics
(6 times)
CI (4 times)
IADL (3 times)
OR (3 times)
1990 The effect of sensory deprivation and ego strength on a measure of autistic thinking.
83  spasmolytic polypeptide
(20 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
ITF (6 times)
SPEM (4 times)
EGFR (3 times)
1994 Spasmolytic polypeptide: a trefoil peptide secreted by rat gastric mucous cells.
84  standard protocol
(19 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
MP (3 times)
RC (3 times)
BHC (2 times)
2000 Prazosin therapy and scorpion envenomation.
85  subpopulations
(19 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(9 times)
CASA (3 times)
cHCECs (3 times)
LIN (3 times)
1996 Cytokinetic investigations in human breast cancer by flow cytometrically recorded DNA/protein distributions.
86  saturation pressure
(18 times)
Physiology
(17 times)
TP (18 times)
PS (15 times)
EP (7 times)
1991 [The facilitating effect of atrial natriuretic factor on the carotid sinus baroreflex function].
87  single-platform
(18 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
DP (10 times)
FCM (4 times)
HIV (3 times)
1998 Neuroethologic differences in sleep deprivation induced by the single- and multiple-platform methods.
88  square pyramidal
(18 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
TBP (7 times)
EtMBZIM (3 times)
MBZIM (3 times)
1996 Structure of Dicopper Complexes of N,N,N',N'-Tetrakis[(2-benzimidazolyl)methyl]-2-hydroxy-1,3-diaminopropane with Coordinated Thiocyanate Counterions.
89  SELF-PRUNING
(17 times)
Botany
(9 times)
sft (7 times)
FA (3 times)
AN (1 time)
1998 The SELF-PRUNING gene of tomato regulates vegetative to reproductive switching of sympodial meristems and is the ortholog of CEN and TFL1.
90  sickness presenteeism
(17 times)
Occupational Medicine
(7 times)
CI (2 times)
ASB (1 time)
DHB (1 time)
2009 Sickness presenteeism today, sickness absenteeism tomorrow? A prospective study on sickness presenteeism and future sickness absenteeism.
91  single particle
(17 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
ICP-MS (3 times)
NP (3 times)
CPG (1 time)
2006 German ambulatory care physicians' perspectives on clinical guidelines - a national survey.
92  sodium pentobarbital
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
i.p (2 times)
A. mexicana (1 time)
AA (1 time)
1985 Effects of progesterone on the pituitary responsiveness to, and priming effect of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone in female rats exposed to constant light.
93  spiramycin
(17 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
Er (3 times)
OTC (3 times)
AMP (2 times)
1986 Macrolides and immunity: effects of erythromycin and spiramycin on human mononuclear cell proliferation.
94  standing potential
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(16 times)
ERG (9 times)
LP (3 times)
DA (2 times)
1975 Effects of ethyl alcohol on the directly recorded standing potential of the human eye.
95  single pass
(16 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
DP (3 times)
MP (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
1978 Angiocardiographic right ventricular volume determination. Accuracy, as determined from human casts, and clinical application.
96  suprapatellar
(16 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
IP (7 times)
IMN (4 times)
PF (4 times)
1984 CT findings of suprapatellar synovial cysts.
97  surface potential
(16 times)
Nanotechnology
(9 times)
KPFM (8 times)
3D TI (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
1990 [Correlation between the lymphocyte surface potential and membrane potential in various physiological states].
98  severe periodontitis
(15 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
MP (5 times)
GCF (3 times)
HP (2 times)
1985 Serum antibody reactive with predominant organisms in the subgingival flora of young adults with generalized severe periodontitis.
99  severe preeclampsia
(15 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
MP (5 times)
NP (3 times)
ANC (1 time)
1991 Role of prostaglandins in pregnancy-induced hypertension.
100  symphysis pubis
(15 times)
Urology
(4 times)
CT (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
TLUS (2 times)
1992 Rupture of the symphysis pubis during labor.