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Abbreviation: SP
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Long forms: 2158

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
substance P
(7045 times)
Neurology
(1637 times)
CGRP (1412 times)
VIP (941 times)
NKA (567 times)
1975 Experimental immunohistochemical studies on the localization and distribution of substance P in cat primary sensory neurons.
side population
(869 times)
Neoplasms
(241 times)
CSCs (142 times)
NSP (71 times)
CSC (66 times)
1989 The Stockholm breast cancer screening trial--5-year results and stage at discovery.
sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine
(792 times)
Tropical Medicine
(447 times)
CQ (161 times)
IPTp (104 times)
AQ (77 times)
1985 RII and RIII type resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to combination of mefloquine and sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine in Indonesia.
surfactant protein
(570 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(173 times)
LPS (27 times)
BALF (22 times)
IL (22 times)
1990 Enhancement of biophysical activity of lung surfactant extracts and phospholipid-apoprotein mixtures by surfactant protein A.
single-positive
(343 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(211 times)
DP (180 times)
DN (73 times)
TCR (57 times)
1988 Sequential events in thymocyte differentiation and thymus regeneration revealed by a combination of bromodeoxyuridine DNA labeling and antimitotic drug treatment.
standardized patient
(324 times)
Education
(119 times)
OSCE (38 times)
CME (6 times)
CSA (6 times)
1977 [Index of fibrinolysis with new fibrin plate (author's transl)].
secondary progressive
(323 times)
Neurology
(221 times)
MS (265 times)
RR (237 times)
PP (131 times)
1996 Macroscopic and microscopic assessments of disease burden by MRI in multiple sclerosis: relationship to clinical parameters.
seminal plasma
(298 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(179 times)
BP (20 times)
IL (14 times)
AI (10 times)
1975 The split ejaculate of the boar: contributions of the epididymides and seminal vesicles.
senile plaques
(258 times)
Neurology
(167 times)
AD (169 times)
NFT (144 times)
APP (18 times)
1983 Fibrous astrocytes in Alzheimer's disease and senile dementia of Alzheimer's type.
10  silent period
(210 times)
Neurology
(123 times)
TMS (90 times)
MEP (63 times)
EMG (28 times)
1976 The silent period in the masseter muscle of patients with TMJ dysfunction.
11  summating potential
(204 times)
Otolaryngology
(100 times)
AP (95 times)
CM (65 times)
CAP (42 times)
1970 The characteristics of the cochlear after-potential studied in the guinea-pig by perfusion and stimulation.
12  social phobia
(201 times)
Psychiatry
(133 times)
GAD (38 times)
PD (36 times)
OCD (30 times)
1991 The relationship of social phobia subtypes and avoidant personality disorder.
13  signal peptide
(190 times)
Molecular Biology
(40 times)
ER (19 times)
aa (8 times)
SPP (7 times)
1989 Complete nucleotide sequence of immunogenic protein MPB70 from Mycobacterium bovis BCG.
14  Streptococcus pneumoniae
(185 times)
Pediatrics
(41 times)
Hi (29 times)
Nm (16 times)
NP (15 times)
1984 An evaluation of latex particle agglutination to detect antigenemia in children.
15  spontaneous pneumothorax
(147 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(61 times)
VATS (25 times)
PSP (10 times)
SSP (8 times)
1986 Spontaneous pneumothorax in the USAF aircrew population: a retrospective study.
16  surface plasmon
(146 times)
Ophthalmology
(66 times)
PL (13 times)
SPR (10 times)
NPs (9 times)
1999 Plasmon transmissivity and reflectivity of narrow grooves in a silver film.
17  streptavidin-peroxidase
(110 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
MVD (11 times)
RT-PCR (9 times)
VEGF (9 times)
1989 Immunohistochemical detection of feline calicivirus in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens.
18  systolic pressure
(97 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
DP (39 times)
HR (30 times)
BP (17 times)
1977 Effect of autonomic blockade on the hemodynamic findings in acute cardiac tamponade.
19  serine protease
(93 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(24 times)
CCP (8 times)
Ap (5 times)
FXI (5 times)
1988 Effect of serine proteinase from Staphylococcus aureus on in vitro stimulation of human lymphocytes.
20  Sao Paulo
(83 times)
Medicine
(16 times)
MG (6 times)
PR (5 times)
RS (5 times)
1981 [Schistosoma mansoni: comparison of oviposition of the LE' (Belo Horizonte), SP (Sao Paulo) and ST (Liberia) strains in mice].
21  spiropyran
(78 times)
Chemistry
(49 times)
MC (43 times)
FRET (3 times)
TPE (3 times)
1992 Kinetic study of the helix to coil dark reaction of poly(spiropyran-L-glutamate).
22  sulfapyridine
(78 times)
Pharmacology
(27 times)
5-ASA (38 times)
SASP (31 times)
RA (9 times)
1973 The metabolism of salicylazosulphapyridine in ulcerative colitis: II The relationship between metabolites and the progress of the disease studied in outpatients.
23  sex peptide
(71 times)
Biology
(25 times)
SPR (12 times)
MIPs (6 times)
fru (4 times)
1993 Drosophila suzukii contains a peptide homologous to the Drosophila melanogaster sex-peptide and functional in both species.
24  short photoperiod
(69 times)
Physiology
(23 times)
LP (45 times)
PT (5 times)
FSH (4 times)
1982 Preantral intra-ovarian oocyte release in the white-footed mouse, Peromyscus leucopus.
25  soy protein
(67 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(26 times)
CA (6 times)
MP (4 times)
VLDL-C (4 times)
1981 Zinc deficiency in the cat.
26  standard precautions
(67 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
HP (11 times)
BIS (5 times)
LP (5 times)
1992 Prostaglandins do not mediate impaired autoregulation or increased renin secretion in remnant rat kidneys.
27  serum protein
(66 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(20 times)
MF (12 times)
SC (11 times)
UTP (5 times)
1977 Analysis of antibody response and immunoglobulins in sera of rabbits and guinea pigs immunized with Coxiella burnetii.
28  spleen
(64 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(31 times)
PP (23 times)
BM (14 times)
MLN (11 times)
1975 Presence and kinetics of sensitized cells in different tissue compartments.
29  stratum pyramidale
(64 times)
Neurology
(28 times)
SR (21 times)
CA1 (14 times)
SO (13 times)
1986 Effects of GABA and bicuculline on N-methyl-D-aspartate- and quisqualate-induced reductions in extracellular free calcium in area CA1 of the hippocampal slice.
30  simulated patient
(63 times)
Education
(26 times)
OSCE (6 times)
BBN (3 times)
DCS (2 times)
1987 Using patient instructors to teach behavioral counseling skills.
31  spironolactone
(62 times)
Pharmacology
(14 times)
MR (6 times)
CAN (3 times)
CHF (3 times)
1977 Antihypertensive effect and serum potassium homeostasis: comparison of hydrochlorothiazide and spironolactone alone and in combination.
32  slow pathway
(60 times)
Cardiology
(52 times)
AVNRT (33 times)
FP (21 times)
AV (14 times)
1979 Effects of atropine on induction and maintenance of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia.
33  smooth pursuit
(51 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
VOR (12 times)
FEF (5 times)
OKN (4 times)
1987 Comparison of smooth pursuit and combined eye-head tracking in human subjects with deficient labyrinthine function.
34  synthetic pyrethroid
(46 times)
Parasitology
(22 times)
OP (19 times)
LPT (6 times)
LTT (3 times)
1992 Resistance to synthetic pyrethroid pour-on insecticides in strains of the sheep body louse Bovicola (Damalinia) ovis.
35  stationary phase
(43 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(16 times)
LC (3 times)
RP (3 times)
SFC (3 times)
1990 Enhanced recovery of cytomegalovirus in conventional tube cultures with a spin-amplified adsorption.
36  spore photoproduct
(42 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
SPL (9 times)
SASP (8 times)
SAM (6 times)
1992 DNA in dormant spores of Bacillus species is in an A-like conformation.
37  Spirulina platensis
(40 times)
Toxicology
(12 times)
NO (8 times)
MDA (7 times)
BGA (5 times)
2001 [Biological activity of Spirulina].
38  sodium phosphate
(39 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
PEG (5 times)
BMI (3 times)
CVD (3 times)
1979 Hypophosphatemia in severe burns. A prospective study.
39  styloid process
(39 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
CT (5 times)
ESP (4 times)
ES (3 times)
2001 [Styloid process: radiograph and craniomandibular dysfunction (CMD)].
40  slow progressors
(37 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(6 times)
RP (22 times)
LTNP (8 times)
HIV-1 (5 times)
1995 [The quantification of human immunodeficiency virus viremia in patients with rapid and slow progression of the disease].
41  sleep paralysis
(35 times)
Psychiatry
(12 times)
REM (5 times)
HH (3 times)
PTSD (3 times)
1998 [Sleep paralysis].
42  soluble protein
(35 times)
Environmental Health
(17 times)
MDA (10 times)
SOD (9 times)
CHL (8 times)
1981 Liver changes under combined effect of working environmental factors.
43  supine position
(34 times)
Anesthesiology
(6 times)
PP (13 times)
ARDS (5 times)
PEEP (4 times)
1983 [Methodological problems of quantitative and combined evaluation of the asynergy and volume of the left heart ventricle by contrast ventriculography in patients with ischemic heart disease].
44  site preference
(33 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
WTP (6 times)
IRMS (3 times)
QCLAS (3 times)
2000 Willingness to pay for improved respiratory and cardiovascular health: a multiple-format, stated-preference approach.
45  subplate
(33 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
CP (16 times)
MZ (8 times)
PP (4 times)
1991 Development of the laminar distribution of thalamocortical axons and corticothalamic cell bodies in the visual cortex of the wallaby.
46  spike potential
(32 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
SC (4 times)
SS (4 times)
IHR (3 times)
1980 Inhibition of postprandial colonic motility after ingestion of an amino acid mixture.
47  solitary plasmacytoma
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
MM (18 times)
RT (7 times)
OS (5 times)
1987 Multiple myeloma: the relationship between CALLA (CD10) positive lymphocytes in the peripheral blood and light chain isotype suppression.
48  slow potential
(29 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
ERP (3 times)
ERPs (3 times)
MFB (2 times)
1975 An injury-induced diffuse slow potential from brain.
49  stump pressure
(29 times)
General Surgery
(18 times)
CEA (20 times)
EEG (7 times)
TCD (7 times)
1985 Techniques for temporary shunting of carotid arteries: experimental study in dogs.
50  single-port
(28 times)
General Surgery
(15 times)
MP (5 times)
LA (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
2006 Single-point velocity statistics of forced and decaying two-dimensional turbulence.
51  small plaque
(27 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
LP (21 times)
FMDV (3 times)
BK (2 times)
1970 The effect of diethylaminoethyl dextran and agar overlay pH on plaque formation by two plaque-size variants of foot-and-mouth disease virus.
52  specific phobia
(27 times)
Psychiatry
(17 times)
GAD (9 times)
SAD (8 times)
PD (7 times)
1997 Comorbidity of panic disorder with agoraphobia and specific phobia: relationship with the subtypes of specific phobia.
53  sulfated polysaccharide
(27 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
FTIR (3 times)
APTT (2 times)
AIV (1 time)
1988 Is a natural ligand of the T lymphocyte CD2 molecule a sulfated carbohydrate?
54  superficial peroneal
(27 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
TIB (5 times)
FDL (4 times)
TA (4 times)
1976 Excitability changes of terminal arborizations of single Ia and Ib afferent fibers produced by muscle and cutaneous conditioning volleys.
55  secondary prevention
(26 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
PP (15 times)
ICD (6 times)
CV (4 times)
2004 [Acetylsalicylic acid consumption in patients with diabetes mellitus].
56  seropositive
(26 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
SN (14 times)
ESN (5 times)
HIV (5 times)
1989 Development of antibodies to HIV-1 is associated with an increase in circulating CD3+CD4-CD8- lymphocytes.
57  sodium perborate
(26 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
HP (9 times)
CP (7 times)
CEJ (3 times)
1982 Sodium periodate-induced human suppressor cells for polyclonal B cell activation.
58  Sclerosing peritonitis
(24 times)
Nephrology
(11 times)
PD (7 times)
CAPD (5 times)
ChA (2 times)
1988 Sclerosing peritonitis. Possible early diagnosis by computerized tomography of the abdomen.
59  sphingomyelin
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PC (16 times)
PE (11 times)
PS (9 times)
1969 Phospholipases in arterial tissue. IV. The role of phosphatide acyl hydrolase, lysophosphatide acyl hydrolase, and sphingomyelin choline phosphohydrolase in the regulation of phospholipid composition in the normal human aorta with age.
60  sulfopropyl
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
DEAE (3 times)
BDNF (1 time)
DBC (1 time)
1974 The toxicity of certain cereal proteins in coeliac disease.
61  secondary patency
(23 times)
Vascular Diseases
(18 times)
PP (18 times)
CLI (5 times)
APP (4 times)
2001 Autogenous composite vein bypass graft for infrainguinal arterial reconstruction.
62  superficial parotidectomy
(23 times)
Otolaryngology
(9 times)
PSP (6 times)
ECD (4 times)
ED (3 times)
1985 Surgical treatment of parotid gland tumors.
63  systolic blood pressure
(23 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
DP (13 times)
HR (11 times)
MAP (2 times)
1981 Arterial compliance, systolic pressure and heart rate in elderly women at rest and on exercise.
64  sensitivity to punishment
(22 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(7 times)
SR (18 times)
BN (3 times)
EDs (2 times)
2006 Influence of individual differences in Behavioral Inhibition System on the magnitude and time course of the fear-potentiated startle.
65  solid phase
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
PEG (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
Abs (1 time)
1980 Circulating immune complexes in cancer patients receiving goat radiolocalizing antibodies to carcinoembryonic antigen.
66  surfactant-associated proteins
(22 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
Bax (2 times)
PL (2 times)
RDS (2 times)
1989 Structural relationship between the two small hydrophobic apoproteins in bovine pulmonary surfactant.
67  synthetic peptide
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
LPS (2 times)
MS (2 times)
SA (2 times)
1989 Immunogenicity of synthetic peptides derived from the sequences of a Streptococcus mutans cell surface antigen in nonhuman primates.
68  single pulse
(21 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
CP (5 times)
DP (5 times)
LIBS (5 times)
1994 Heart weight affects spontaneous defibrillation but not ventricular fibrillation threshold.
69  sitting position
(21 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
PP (3 times)
HP (2 times)
LLD (2 times)
2001 Is the sitting or the prone position best for surgery for posterior fossa tumours in children?
70  sphingosine
(21 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
PKC (6 times)
RA (3 times)
SPC (3 times)
1989 Na+-K+-ATPase is an effector protein for protein kinase C in renal proximal tubule cells.
71  splenius
(21 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
BC (6 times)
LD (5 times)
EMG (4 times)
1978 Direct excitation of neck motoneurons by interstitiospinal fibers.
72  SurePath
(21 times)
Cell Biology
(15 times)
TP (9 times)
LBC (7 times)
CS (5 times)
2006 Human papillomavirus testing using hybrid capture II with SurePath collection: initial evaluation and longitudinal data provide clinical validation for this method.
73  S-1 plus cisplatin
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
AGC (6 times)
CI (3 times)
HR (3 times)
2010 Impacts of fluorouracil-metabolizing enzymes on the outcomes of patients treated with S-1 alone or S-1 plus cisplatin for first-line treatment of advanced gastric cancer.
74  secondary polycythemia
(20 times)
Hematology
(11 times)
PV (12 times)
EPO (5 times)
ET (4 times)
1980 Platelets in myeloproliferative disorders. I. A comparative evaluation with certain platelet function tests.
75  secondary prophylaxis
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
PP (11 times)
FN (9 times)
G-CSF (7 times)
1993 Prevention of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia relapse in AIDS patients. The efficacy and tolerability of low-dose sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim.
76  soft palate
(20 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
FF (6 times)
CT (3 times)
CV (3 times)
1995 Organization of orosensory responses in the nucleus of the solitary tract of rat.
77  spasmolytic polypeptide
(20 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
ITF (6 times)
SPEM (4 times)
EGFR (3 times)
1994 Spasmolytic polypeptide: a trefoil peptide secreted by rat gastric mucous cells.
78  spinous process
(19 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
LBP (3 times)
PA (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
1981 The spinous process: the forgotten appendage.
79  Safety Pharmacology
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(17 times)
NCEs (4 times)
SPS (4 times)
CiPA (3 times)
2002 Safety pharmacology--a progressive approach.
80  saturation pressure
(18 times)
Physiology
(17 times)
TP (18 times)
PS (15 times)
EP (7 times)
1991 [The facilitating effect of atrial natriuretic factor on the carotid sinus baroreflex function].
81  single-platform
(18 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
DP (10 times)
FCM (4 times)
HIV (3 times)
1998 Neuroethologic differences in sleep deprivation induced by the single- and multiple-platform methods.
82  Sinus pericranii
(18 times)
Neurosurgery
(9 times)
AVM (1 time)
BRBNS (1 time)
CCM (1 time)
2002 Cervicofacial venous malformations. MRI features and interventional strategies.
83  social participation
(18 times)
Geriatrics
(6 times)
CI (4 times)
IADL (3 times)
OR (3 times)
1990 The effect of sensory deprivation and ego strength on a measure of autistic thinking.
84  subpopulations
(18 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
cHCECs (3 times)
SLC (3 times)
ALH (2 times)
1996 Cytokinetic investigations in human breast cancer by flow cytometrically recorded DNA/protein distributions.
85  sugar phosphates
(18 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
Pi (9 times)
PCr (8 times)
ADP (3 times)
1982 31P NMR studies of control of mitochondrial function in phosphofructokinase-deficient human skeletal muscle.
86  self-paced
(17 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
FS (4 times)
RT (3 times)
VR (3 times)
1992 [The dependence of rapid voluntary contractions on the tremor phase in parkinsonism].
87  sodium pentobarbital
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
i.p (2 times)
A. mexicana (1 time)
AA (1 time)
1985 Effects of progesterone on the pituitary responsiveness to, and priming effect of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone in female rats exposed to constant light.
88  standard protocol
(17 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
MP (3 times)
RC (3 times)
CFP (2 times)
2000 Prazosin therapy and scorpion envenomation.
89  standing potential
(17 times)
Ophthalmology
(16 times)
ERG (9 times)
LP (3 times)
DA (2 times)
1975 Effects of ethyl alcohol on the directly recorded standing potential of the human eye.
90  SELF-PRUNING
(16 times)
Botany
(9 times)
sft (7 times)
FA (3 times)
AN (1 time)
1998 The SELF-PRUNING gene of tomato regulates vegetative to reproductive switching of sympodial meristems and is the ortholog of CEN and TFL1.
91  square pyramidal
(16 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
TBP (6 times)
EtMBZIM (3 times)
MBZIM (3 times)
1996 Structure of Dicopper Complexes of N,N,N',N'-Tetrakis[(2-benzimidazolyl)methyl]-2-hydroxy-1,3-diaminopropane with Coordinated Thiocyanate Counterions.
92  surface potential
(16 times)
Nanotechnology
(9 times)
KPFM (8 times)
3D TI (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
1990 [Correlation between the lymphocyte surface potential and membrane potential in various physiological states].
93  severe preeclampsia
(15 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
MP (5 times)
NP (3 times)
ANC (1 time)
1991 Role of prostaglandins in pregnancy-induced hypertension.
94  single particle
(15 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ICP-MS (3 times)
NP (2 times)
CPG (1 time)
2006 German ambulatory care physicians' perspectives on clinical guidelines - a national survey.
95  shoulder press
(14 times)
Exercise
(10 times)
BP (12 times)
LP (8 times)
TE (8 times)
1993 Are adaptations to combined endurance and strength training affected by the sequence of training?
96  sickness presenteeism
(14 times)
Occupational Medicine
(6 times)
CI (2 times)
ASB (1 time)
DHB (1 time)
2009 Sickness presenteeism today, sickness absenteeism tomorrow? A prospective study on sickness presenteeism and future sickness absenteeism.
97  Spirulina
(14 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
CAT (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
PC (2 times)
2007 [The influence of Spirulina and Selen-Spirulina on some indexes of rat's immune status].
98  survival probability
(14 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CI (4 times)
HR (3 times)
MAP (3 times)
1986 [Bone marrow transplantation in acute leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, severe aplastic anemia and stage IV neuroblastoma. Effect of antiviral prevention with anti-CMV-hyperimmunoglobulin and acyclovir].
99  symphysis pubis
(14 times)
Urology
(4 times)
CT (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
TLUS (2 times)
1992 Rupture of the symphysis pubis during labor.
100  single pass
(13 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
DP (2 times)
MP (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
1978 Angiocardiographic right ventricular volume determination. Accuracy, as determined from human casts, and clinical application.