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Abbreviation: SPA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
staphylococcal protein A
(452 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(132 times)
MRSA (65 times)
SCCmec (38 times)
MLST (34 times)
1972 Complement-dependent platelet injury by staphylococcal protein A.
scintillation proximity assay
(168 times)
Biochemistry
(65 times)
HTS (19 times)
FP (4 times)
HCV (4 times)
1979 Scintillation proximity assay (SPA)--a new method of immunoassay. Direct and inhibition mode detection with human albumin and rabbit antihuman albumin.
successive projections algorithm
(151 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(83 times)
PLS (45 times)
LS-SVM (37 times)
MLR (36 times)
2003 Determination of total sulfur in diesel fuel employing NIR spectroscopy and multivariate calibration.
single photon absorptiometry
(145 times)
Orthopedics
(41 times)
BMD (63 times)
DXA (39 times)
BMC (37 times)
1985 Comparison of single- and dual-photon absorptiometry in postmenopausal bone mineral loss.
sperm penetration assay
(111 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(87 times)
IVF (25 times)
AR (6 times)
CASA (6 times)
1981 Sperm penetration assay: useful test in evaluation of male fertility.
spontaneous physical activity
(79 times)
Physiology
(35 times)
EE (13 times)
NEAT (6 times)
BAT (5 times)
1991 Effect of endurance training on sedentary energy expenditure measured in a respiratory chamber.
single-port access
(65 times)
General Surgery
(28 times)
NOTES (7 times)
BMI (2 times)
CL (2 times)
2008 Single-port-access nephrectomy and other laparoscopic urologic procedures using a novel laparoscopic port (R-port).
spontaneous platelet aggregation
(58 times)
Hematology
(21 times)
PRP (9 times)
vWd (5 times)
ADP (4 times)
1976 Spontaneous platelet aggregation in arterial insufficiency: mechanisms and implications.
serum plate agglutination
(32 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(28 times)
MG (17 times)
HI (13 times)
ELISA (10 times)
1975 Hemagglutination-inhibition versus serum plate agglutination in detecting Mycoplasma gallisepticum in broiler flocks.
10  spondyloarthropathy
(29 times)
Rheumatology
(11 times)
RA (16 times)
AS (11 times)
PsA (5 times)
1983 Genetics of HLA associated disease: ankylosing spondylitis.
11  stimulation-produced analgesia
(27 times)
Brain
(19 times)
PAG (14 times)
VB (2 times)
AMPT (1 time)
1975 Monoaminergic mechanisms of stimulation-produced analgesia.
12  subperiosteal abscess
(27 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
CT (5 times)
OC (3 times)
ESS (2 times)
1983 Subperiosteal abscess of the orbit.
13  social physique anxiety
(24 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
SPAS (6 times)
BMI (5 times)
PS (2 times)
1998 Social physique anxiety and disordered eating: what's the connection?
14  spinal anaesthesia
(24 times)
Anesthesiology
(16 times)
GA (5 times)
MAP (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1992 [The incidence of post spinal headache in a group of young patients].
15  suprapubic aspiration
(22 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
UTI (5 times)
PIPP (3 times)
CCU (2 times)
1982 The diagnosis of urinary tract infection: comparison of urine culture from suprapubic aspiration and midstream collection in a children's out-patient department in Nigeria.
16  Sclerosing polycystic adenosis
(20 times)
Pathology
(11 times)
CAMSGs (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
FNAB (1 time)
2002 Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of parotid gland with dysplasia and ductal carcinoma in situ. Report of three cases with immunohistochemical and ultrastructural examination.
17  superficial palmar arch
(19 times)
Anatomy
(8 times)
DPA (6 times)
PMA (3 times)
DPBRA (1 time)
1983 Hemodynamic assessment of the circulation in 200 normal hands.
18  sheep pulmonary adenomatosis
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
JSRV (9 times)
MV (3 times)
BAC (2 times)
1976 The comparison and characterisation of glycolytic mycoplasmas isolated from the respiratory tract of sheep.
19  self-perceptions of aging
(17 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
BDCSM (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2012 The relationship between change in self-perceptions of aging and physical functioning in older adults.
20  sphenopalatine artery
(17 times)
Otolaryngology
(11 times)
IMAX (2 times)
SPF (2 times)
AEA (1 time)
1990 Cigarette smoke, nicotine and capsaicin aerosol-induced vasodilatation in pig respiratory mucosa.
21  Staphylococcus aureus protein A
(17 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
IVIG (2 times)
PHA (2 times)
PWM (2 times)
1979 Neutralization of immune complex inhibition of antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity in vitro by Staphylococcus-aureus protein A.
22  single particle analysis
(16 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
EM (2 times)
AQP1 (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
1978 Viral aggregation: quantitation and kinetics of the aggregation of poliovirus and reovirus.
23  Society for Pediatric Anesthesia
(16 times)
Anesthesiology
(11 times)
AAP (2 times)
APSA (2 times)
ASA (2 times)
1995 Factors that influence an anesthesiologist's decision to cancel elective surgery for the child with an upper respiratory tract infection.
24  small pulmonary arteries
(15 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
ACh (3 times)
MPA (3 times)
NO (3 times)
1982 Membrane properties of smooth muscle cells in pulmonary hypertensive rats.
25  standard peritoneal permeability analysis
(15 times)
Nephrology
(14 times)
PD (11 times)
MTAC (3 times)
A2M (2 times)
1995 The standard peritoneal permeability analysis: a tool for the assessment of peritoneal permeability characteristics in CAPD patients.
26  Service Provision Assessment
(14 times)
Health Services Research
(4 times)
ANC (4 times)
DHS (4 times)
SARA (3 times)
2013 Comparison of medicine availability measurements at health facilities: evidence from Service Provision Assessment surveys in five sub-Saharan African countries.
27  serum prolidase activity
(13 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(2 times)
DN (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
OSI (2 times)
2011 Serum prolidase activity in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.
28  soluble parasite antigens
(12 times)
Parasitology
(10 times)
PCV (2 times)
GPI (1 time)
GPI-AP (1 time)
1995 Strain variation limits protective activity of vaccines based on soluble Babesia canis antigens.
29  splenic artery
(12 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
CHA (3 times)
SMA (3 times)
GDA (2 times)
1998 Splenic artery aneurysm: value of color Doppler and the limitation of gray-scale ultrasonography.
30  solid phase assay
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
DSA (8 times)
CDC (5 times)
HLA (5 times)
1997 Use of photografting technique for the immobilization of blood-grouping antibodies onto microtiter plates.
31  standardized phase angle
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
SGA (4 times)
BIA (2 times)
MAC (2 times)
2010 Standardized phase angle indicates nutritional status in hospitalized preoperative patients.
32  b-specific polysaccharide antigen
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
CL (1 time)
IgM (1 time)
IL-8 (1 time)
1992 Construction of mutants of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans defective in serotype b-specific polysaccharide antigen by insertion of transposon Tn916.
33  N6-p-sulfophenyladenosine
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
CPA (2 times)
NEFA (2 times)
AdoA1R (1 time)
1997 The effect of age on adenosine A1 receptor function in the rat heart.
34  sleep phase advance
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
TSD (5 times)
SD (4 times)
BLT (3 times)
2001 Sleep phase advance and lithium to sustain the antidepressant effect of total sleep deprivation in bipolar depression: new findings supporting the internal coincidence model?
35  Special Protection Area
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
SAC (2 times)
SCI (2 times)
cSAC (1 time)
2007 Topographic monitoring of a middle estuary mudflat, Humber estuary, UK--anthropogenic impacts and natural variation.
36  stress phase angle
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
WSS (6 times)
CS (5 times)
ECs (3 times)
2000 Numerical simulation of pulsatile flow in a compliant curved tube model of a coronary artery.
37  soluble protective antigen
(8 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
LPS (2 times)
MDP (1 time)
PFC (1 time)
1967 [Immunological studies on the soluble protective antigen (SPA) of S. typhi. (1) Relationship between the SPA produced in a synthetic media and protective antigen of S. typhi itself].
38  spinous process angle
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AIS (5 times)
3D CUS (1 time)
AVR (1 time)
2010 Application of 3-D ultrasound in assisting the fitting procedure of spinal orthosis to patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
39  subliminal psychodynamic activation
(8 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
OM (1 time)
1990 Critical importance of stimulus unawareness for the production of subliminal psychodynamic activation effects: a meta-analytic review.
40  SUPPRESSOR OF PHYA-105
(8 times)
Botany
(4 times)
COP1 (7 times)
phyA (2 times)
BIN2 (1 time)
2006 Functional and expression analysis of Arabidopsis SPA genes during seedling photomorphogenesis and adult growth.
41  Self-Perception of Age
(7 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
BoNT-A (2 times)
FLO (2 times)
GL (2 times)
2007 Botulinum toxin type A treatment of multiple upper facial sites: patient-reported outcomes.
42  severe persistent asthma
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
MPA (3 times)
COPD (2 times)
ACT (1 time)
2004 Inflammatory cell profiles and T-lymphocyte subsets in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and severe persistent asthma.
43  soil-plant-atmosphere
(7 times)
Botany
(5 times)
BB (1 time)
CLM3.5 (1 time)
ED2 (1 time)
2005 Environmental sensitivity of gas exchange in different-sized trees.
44  Special Protocol Assessment
(7 times)
Drug Therapy
(5 times)
CRADA (2 times)
FDA (2 times)
ODAC (2 times)
2003 Human haemoglobin - Northfield.
45  shoulder physical activity
(6 times)
Physical Medicine
(2 times)
BPA (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
JPS (1 time)
2010 Joint position sense and vibratory perception sense in patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type III (hypermobility type).
46  single port access surgery
(6 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
NOTES (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
SPA-CHE (1 time)
2010 [Single port access laparoscopy: a review of the most recent development in minimally invasive surgery].
47  solid-predominant adenocarcinoma
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
PPA (5 times)
LPA (3 times)
MPA (3 times)
2013 Histological subtypes of solitary pulmonary nodules of adenocarcinoma and their clinical relevance.
48  Standardized Performance Analysis
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
NCA (2 times)
1995 Standardized performance analysis.
49  sulfaphenazole
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AIC (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
cat (1 time)
1996 Enzyme kinetic modelling as a tool to analyse the behaviour of cytochrome P450 catalysed reactions: application to amitriptyline N-demethylation.
50  single primer amplification
(5 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
EGS (1 time)
FGF-2 (1 time)
FN (1 time)
2003 Single primer amplification (SPA) of cDNA for microarray expression analysis.
51  single-port appendectomy
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
OA (1 time)
SILS (1 time)
2010 Single-port appendectomy in obese children: an optimal alternative?
52  Society for Personality Assessment
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
--- 1992 Profile of the membership of the Society for Personality Assessment: comparisons between 1987 and 1990.
53  sodium polyacrylate
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
E RS (1 time)
PAH (1 time)
2012 Influence of amendments on soil arsenic fractionation and phytoavailability by Pteris vittata L.
54  solid-phase amplification
(5 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DIG (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
TEMED (1 time)
2001 Solid-phase amplification for detection of C282y and H63D hemochromatosis (HFE) gene mutations.
55  sparfloxacin
(5 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(2 times)
HP (2 times)
BBB (1 time)
CIP (1 time)
2010 Characterization of the developed antimicrobial urological catheters.
56  spinopelvic angle
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
SSA (3 times)
AS (2 times)
PI (2 times)
2013 [Correlation of lumbar disc degeneration and spinal-pelvic sagittal balance].
57  stimulation-produced antinociception
(5 times)
Brain
(3 times)
i.t (2 times)
PAG (2 times)
APtN (1 time)
1985 Effects of intrathecally administered methysergide and yohimbine on microstimulation-produced antinociception in the rat.
58  Storage Protein Activator
(5 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
bZIP (2 times)
CCRMs (1 time)
GLMs (1 time)
2004 Colocation between a gene encoding the bZip factor SPA and an eQTL for a high-molecular-weight glutenin subunit in wheat (Triticum aestivum).
59  sequential peptide affinity
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CBP (2 times)
TEV (2 times)
APMS (1 time)
2004 Sequential Peptide Affinity (SPA) system for the identification of mammalian and bacterial protein complexes.
60  severe perinatal asphyxia
(4 times)
Brain
(2 times)
FA (2 times)
HI (1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
1998 Hypothermia during or after severe perinatal asphyxia prevents increase in cyclic GMP-related nitric oxide levels in the newborn rat striatum.
61  simultaneous postural adjustments
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
--- 2014 Simultaneous Postural Adjustments (SPA) scrutinized using the Lissajous method.
62  single-puncture arthrocentesis
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
TMJ (3 times)
DPA (2 times)
TMDs (1 time)
2017 Evaluation of ultrasonography guidance for single-puncture temporomandibular joint arthrocentesis: A randomized clinical study.
63  small-particle aerosol
(4 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
AmpB-Lip (1 time)
i.n (1 time)
LPA (1 time)
1976 Aerosol vaccination of mice with a live, temperature- sensitive recombinant influenza virus.
64  Smooth pursuit adaptation
(4 times)
Neurobiology
(2 times)
OMV (2 times)
CS (1 time)
PC SS (1 time)
2010 Specific vermal complex spike responses build up during the course of smooth-pursuit adaptation, paralleling the decrease of performance error.
65  specific power absorption
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(4 times)
MNPs (2 times)
LRT (1 time)
MHT (1 time)
2016 In Silico before In Vivo: how to Predict the Heating Efficiency of Magnetic Nanoparticles within the Intracellular Space.
66  sperm penetration of zona-free hamster ova
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
ALH (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
1990 Antisperm antibodies in human immunodeficiency virus infection: effects on fertilization and embryonic development.
67  sphinganine
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Sph (4 times)
Cer (3 times)
S1P (3 times)
2003 Quantification of sphingosine and sphinganine from crude lipid extracts by HPLC electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.
68  state pension age
(4 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
QOL (1 time)
SHeS (1 time)
2009 Older workers in the UK: variations in economic activity status by socio-demographic characteristics, household and caring commitments.
69  state plan amendment
(4 times)
Women's Health
(1 time)
CAHs (1 time)
CMS (1 time)
DRA (1 time)
2012 The effects of Medicaid policy changes on adults' service use patterns in Kentucky and Idaho.
70  stimulus preference assessment
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
RA (1 time)
RAs (1 time)
2008 An evaluation of a stimulus preference assessment of auditory stimuli for adolescents with developmental disabilities.
71  subperiosteal abscess of the orbit
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
CT (1 time)
FESS (1 time)
1990 Selective non-surgical management of subperiosteal abscess of the orbit: computerized tomography and clinical course as indication for surgical drainage.
72  subpubic arch angle
(4 times)
Obstetrics
(4 times)
ICC (1 time)
LGA (1 time)
OP (1 time)
2016 Subpubic Arch Angle and Mode of Delivery in Low-Risk Nulliparous Women.
73  subwindow permutation analysis
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
CARS (1 time)
DM (1 time)
DPLS (1 time)
2012 Application of metabolomics in traditional chinese medicine differentiation of deficiency and excess syndromes in patients with diabetes mellitus.
74  suprapubic bladder aspiration
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
MSU (1 time)
UC (1 time)
1980 Significance of bacterial and white cell counts in midstream urines.
75  Salmonella Paratyphi A
(3 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
anti-LPS (1 time)
EU (1 time)
2010 An outbreak of Salmonella Paratyphi A in a boarding school: a community-acquired enteric fever and carriage investigation.
76  sarcomas of the pulmonary artery
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
IVD (1 time)
LRP (1 time)
MRP (1 time)
1993 Sarcomas of the great vessels. A clinicopathologic study.
77  self-propelled agent
(3 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Evidence of a robust universality class in the critical behavior of self-propelled agents: metric versus topological interactions.
78  set pair analysis
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
CCD (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2017 Application of a Cloud Model-Set Pair Analysis in Hazard Assessment for Biomass Gasification Stations.
79  sexual and/or physical abuse
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BD-I (1 time)
EP (1 time)
FEP (1 time)
2010 Pretreatment and outcome correlates of sexual and physical trauma in an epidemiological cohort of first-episode psychosis patients.
80  shrinking pleuritis with atelectasis
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1982 Shrinking pleuritis with atelectasis.
81  signal power amplification
(3 times)
Physics
(2 times)
SNR (2 times)
SR (1 time)
2003 Non-Markovian stochastic resonance.
82  Single-Page Application
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
WFMSs (2 times)
DGE (1 time)
2017 DEIVA: a web application for interactive visual analysis of differential gene expression profiles.
83  single-piece acrylic
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
IOL (2 times)
CDVA (1 time)
IOLs (1 time)
2009 Complications of sulcus placement of single-piece acrylic intraocular lenses: recommendations for backup IOL implantation following posterior capsule rupture.
84  skin potential activity
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
SCC (1 time)
SWA (1 time)
1980 Human operator dynamics in manual tracking systems with auditory input.
85  soft pneumatic actuator
(3 times)
Robotics
(2 times)
CPLA (1 time)
SH-SPC (1 time)
2015 Development of a self-healing soft pneumatic actuator: a first concept.
86  spantide
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
NK (2 times)
ALDO (1 time)
BLA (1 time)
1991 Neurokinin receptors differentially mediate endogenous acetylcholine release evoked by tachykinins in the neostriatum.
87  SPecificity and Affinity
(3 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CASF (1 time)
CSAR (1 time)
ISR (1 time)
2012 Specificity quantification of biomolecular recognition and its implication for drug discovery.
88  Speech Pathology Australia
(3 times)
Language Disorders
(1 time)
SLPs (2 times)
ADN (1 time)
AEDC (1 time)
2008 Australian speech-language pathologists' knowledge and practice of radiation protection while performing videofluoroscopic swallowing studies.
89  speech pattern audiometer
(3 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
EPG (1 time)
MCLL (1 time)
MJWL (1 time)
1998 Use of the speech pattern audiometer and the electropalatograph to explore the speech production/perception relationship in a profoundly deaf child.
90  sperm-hamster egg penetration assay
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
IBT (1 time)
1987 Correlations between the human sperm-hamster egg penetration assay and in vitro fertilization results.
91  spinopelvic alignment
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
ASD (2 times)
FAIL (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
2012 Sagittal spino-pelvic alignment failures following three column thoracic osteotomy for adult spinal deformity.
92  spontaneous aggregation
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
AW (1 time)
BP (1 time)
DP (1 time)
1989 [Clinical evaluation of the control of antiplatelet therapy through platelet aggregation rate on polycythemia vera associated with thrombocytosis and erythromelalgia].
93  spontaneous proteolytic activity
(3 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
AT (2 times)
FN (2 times)
1985 Fibronectin and other DIC-related variables in patients with moderately severe infections receiving cryoprecipitate.
94  stationary phase approximation
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
PSF (1 time)
SC (1 time)
2002 Angular spectrum method and ray algorithm for the acoustic field of a focusing transducer in an anisotropic solid.
95  structural path analysis
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EEIOA (2 times)
MRIO (1 time)
SRIO (1 time)
2011 Mapping flows of embodied emissions in the global production system.
96  structured physical activity
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
USPA (3 times)
ART and VRT (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
2015 Auditory and visual reaction times in school going adolescents: effect of structured and unstructured physical training - a randomized control trial.
97  Students' Perception of Atmosphere
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
SASP (3 times)
SSSP (3 times)
DREEM (2 times)
2014 Students' perceptions of their learning environment at the College of Medicine, University of Ilorin, Southwest, Nigeria.
98  successive projection analysis
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
LS-SVM (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
GLCM (1 time)
2013 Robustness of chemometrics-based feature selection methods in early cancer detection and biomarker discovery.
99  suction pump aspiration
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BAL (3 times)
MA (2 times)
TNCC (2 times)
2013 Comparison between manual aspiration via polyethylene tubing and aspiration via a suction pump with a suction trap connection for performing bronchoalveolar lavage in healthy dogs.
100  super pairwise alignment
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
SGA (1 time)
2002 Super pairwise alignment (SPA): an efficient approach to global alignment for homologous sequences.