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Abbreviation: SPE
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Long forms: 279

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
solid-phase extraction
(5152 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3020 times)
HPLC (408 times)
LOD (253 times)
MRM (239 times)
1986 High performance liquid chromatography of mycotoxin metabolites in human urine.
screen-printed electrode
(127 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(46 times)
DPV (8 times)
LOD (8 times)
SEM (8 times)
2000 An electrochemical metalloimmunoassay based on a colloidal gold label.
specificity
(125 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
SEN (112 times)
DOR (49 times)
AUC (46 times)
1994 [Validity of a portable recording system (MESAM IV) for the diagnosis of sleep apnea syndrome].
serum protein electrophoresis
(91 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
IFE (20 times)
FLC (14 times)
MM (7 times)
1976 Serum protein electrophoresis (SPE) and immunoglobulin levels in breast carcinoma.
solar particle event
(62 times)
Radiology
(16 times)
GCR (12 times)
RBE (5 times)
WBC (5 times)
1989 Strategies for dealing with solar particle events in missions beyond the magnetosphere.
streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin
(61 times)
Communicable Diseases
(31 times)
GAS (7 times)
STSS (7 times)
SE (4 times)
1973 Enhanced immune response after immunosuppression by Streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin.
septic pulmonary embolism
(35 times)
Communicable Diseases
(6 times)
CT (6 times)
EMI (2 times)
KPLA (2 times)
1995 Septic pulmonary emboli secondary to pyogenic liver abscess in a diabetic patient.
sucrose polyester
(33 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(18 times)
TCTE (3 times)
DPPC (2 times)
LDL-C (2 times)
1976 Short term study of sucrose polyester a nonabsorbable fat-like material as a dietary agent for lowering plasma cholesterol.
solid polymer electrolyte
(17 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(4 times)
PEO (3 times)
SEI (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
2004 Electrochemical oxidation and the quantitative determination of phosphine on a SPE-based sensor.
10  screen-printed carbon electrode
(15 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
AChE (2 times)
ChE (2 times)
CHER (2 times)
2005 Escherichia coli single-strand binding protein-DNA interactions on carbon nanotube-modified electrodes from a label-free electrochemical hybridization sensor.
11  solid-phase
(14 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
HPLC (4 times)
GC (2 times)
PBDEs (2 times)
1997 [Determination of natamycin residues in ripening cheeses by high-performance liquid chromatography].
12  saw palmetto extract
(12 times)
Urology
(3 times)
BPH (5 times)
1,4-DHP (2 times)
LUTS (2 times)
2000 Benign prostatic hyperplasia treated with saw palmetto: a literature search and an experimental case study.
13  stochastic proximity embedding
(11 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
MDS (4 times)
NLM (3 times)
SOS (2 times)
2003 A geodesic framework for analyzing molecular similarities.
14  serial position effect
(10 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
RAVLT (3 times)
AD (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1993 List item memory in rats: effects of delay and delay task.
15  solid-phase extraction procedure
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
HPLC (2 times)
ARs (1 time)
BSTFA (1 time)
2001 Determination of drugs in surface water and wastewater samples by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry: methods and preliminary results including toxicity studies with Vibrio fischeri.
16  spermine
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
GPC (2 times)
GPT (2 times)
PAE (2 times)
1983 Structural specificity of the triamines sym-homospermidine and aminopropylcadaverine in stimulating growth of spermidine auxotrophs of Escherichia coli.
17  substance P endopeptidase
(9 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CSF (6 times)
DCE (4 times)
SP (3 times)
1990 Neuropeptide converting enzyme activities in CSF of low back pain patients.
18  symptomatic partial epilepsy
(9 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
IGE (6 times)
CPE (3 times)
AED (2 times)
1989 [Contribution of ambulatory EEG recording (Medilog 9000) in a population of epileptics].
19  Spatzle-processing enzyme
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
Spz (3 times)
AMP (1 time)
AMPs (1 time)
2006 A Spatzle-processing enzyme required for toll signaling activation in Drosophila innate immunity.
20  squared prediction error
(8 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DCD (2 times)
RPE (2 times)
DBD (1 time)
2010 States versus rewards: dissociable neural prediction error signals underlying model-based and model-free reinforcement learning.
21  standard pathological examination
(8 times)
Education
(3 times)
LDP (1 time)
LNs (1 time)
LNY (1 time)
1994 Evaluating problem solving based on the use of history findings in a standardized-patient examination.
22  superimposed preeclampsia
(8 times)
Gynecology
(4 times)
DBP (2 times)
PE (2 times)
SBP (2 times)
1998 Role of uterine artery Doppler investigation in pregnant women with chronic hypertension.
23  screen-printed graphite electrode
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AuNPs (2 times)
CD (2 times)
TGA (2 times)
2014 Development of a new biosensor based on functionalized SBA-15 modified screen-printed graphite electrode as a nano-reactor for Gquadruplex recognition.
24  solar proton events
(7 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
ACS (2 times)
GMA (2 times)
GS (2 times)
1992 "Mir" radiation dosimetry results during the solar proton events in September-October 1989.
25  submassive pulmonary embolism
(6 times)
Vascular Surgical Procedures
(2 times)
CDT (2 times)
RV (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2011 Six-month echocardiographic study in patients with submassive pulmonary embolism and right ventricle dysfunction: comparison of thrombolysis with heparin.
26  solid phase extraction column
(5 times)
Food Additives
(1 time)
PLE (2 times)
BaP (1 time)
GC/MS (1 time)
1994 Synthesis of [1-11C], [2-11C], [1-11C](2H3) and [2-11C](2H3)acetate for in vivo studies of myocardium using PET.
27  solid-phase extraction technique
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
CA (1 time)
CDPX (1 time)
CID (1 time)
2004 Use of Escherichia coli immobilized on amberlite XAD-4 as a solid-phase extractor for metal preconcentration and determination by atomic absorption spectrometry.
28  soy phytoestrogens
(5 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
ERT (3 times)
OA (3 times)
CEE (2 times)
2002 Effects of long-term estrogen replacement therapy on osteoarthritis severity in cynomolgus monkeys.
29  spontaneous photon emission
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
CL (1 time)
DL (1 time)
MF (1 time)
2005 Measurements of spontaneous ultraweak photon emission and delayed luminescence from human cancer tissues.
30  Standardized Practical Equipment
(5 times)
Rehabilitation
(3 times)
PGCMAI (2 times)
IADL (1 time)
QLI (1 time)
1988 Evaluation of functional capacity after stroke with special emphasis on motor function and activities of daily living.
31  standardized prediction error
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
pd (2 times)
PE (2 times)
CBZ (1 time)
1985 Performance of Bayesian feedback to forecast lidocaine serum concentration: evaluation of the prediction error and the prediction interval.
32  surface plasmon extinction
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
TEM (4 times)
NPs (2 times)
SERS (2 times)
2005 Probing of porphyrin surface chemistry in systems with laser-ablated Ag nanoparticle hydrosol: role of thiosulfate anions.
33  Surgical pulmonary embolectomy
(5 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
IQR (2 times)
CPB (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2014 Surgical pulmonary embolectomy in a community hospital.
34  secondary premature ejaculation
(4 times)
Urology
(2 times)
PE (2 times)
PPE (2 times)
5-HTTPLR (1 time)
1989 Premature ejaculation: clinical subgroups and etiology.
35  single point energy
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DFT (2 times)
AA (1 time)
alpha1 -AR (1 time)
2005 Interaction between benzenedithiolate and gold: classical force field for chemical bonding.
36  single-photon excitation
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
TPE (4 times)
AF (1 time)
PDT (1 time)
2005 Two-photon excitation of di-4-ANEPPS for optical recording of action potentials in rabbit heart.
37  SIS proximal element
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
PDGF (1 time)
TNS (1 time)
1993 Identification and characterization of an essential, activating regulatory element of the human SIS/PDGFB promoter in human megakaryocytes.
38  social pressure to eat
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
BB (3 times)
DC (2 times)
DIS (2 times)
2007 Perfectionism and eating attitudes in Portuguese university students.
39  solid-phase cartridges
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CYE (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1999 Determination of linezolid in plasma by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography.
40  solid-phase epitaxy
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
DFT (1 time)
LEDs (1 time)
RDE (1 time)
2001 Epitaxial growth of a low-density framework form of crystalline silicon: a molecular-dynamics study.
41  spectinomycin
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AMP (2 times)
CTET (2 times)
FFN (2 times)
1991 Potential to induce lamellar bodies and acute cytotoxicity of 6'-alkyl analogues of spectinomycin in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes.
42  styloid process elongation
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
SP (2 times)
Ca (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2008 Prevalence of styloid process elongation on panoramic radiography in the Turkey population from cappadocia region.
43  Florisil-solid phase extraction
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
GC-ECD (1 time)
GC/MS (1 time)
HLB (1 time)
2007 Application of solid-phase extraction coupled with freezing-lipid filtration clean-up for the determination of endocrine-disrupting phenols in fish.
44  salmon pituitary extract
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
GSI (2 times)
11-KT (1 time)
17,20beta-P (1 time)
1988 Regulation of gonadal steroidogenesis in Fundulus heteroclitus by recombinant salmon growth hormone and purified salmon prolactin.
45  screen-printed
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CPE (2 times)
DPH (1 time)
DPV (1 time)
2011 Construction and performance characterization of screen printed and carbon paste ion selective electrodes for potentiometric determination of naphazoline hydrochloride in pharmaceutical preparations.
46  septum primum excursion
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
FO (1 time)
FOD (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2007 Morphological basis for the study of the interatrial septum in the human fetus.
47  signed percentage error
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
BW (1 time)
CDH (1 time)
MAE (1 time)
2012 A new formula for optimized weight estimation in extreme fetal macrosomia (≥ 4500 g).
48  single pulse excitation
(3 times)
Botany
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
MAS (1 time)
MQMAS (1 time)
1997 A 27Al MAS, MQMAS and off-resonance nutation NMR study of aluminium containing silica-based sol-gel materials.
49  single-phase extraction
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AEAP (1 time)
APCI (1 time)
BBD (1 time)
2010 Quantification of corticosteroids in bovine urine using selective solid phase extraction and reversed-phase liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry.
50  solar energetic particle event
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
GCR (1 time)
LEO (1 time)
1999 Detailed comparison of observed dose-time profile of October 19-20, 1989 SPE on Mir with model calculations.
51  spectral phase encoding
(3 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
OCDMA (1 time)
SI-SFBGs (1 time)
SIFBGs (1 time)
2007 Spectral phase encoding of ultra-short optical pulse in time domain for OCDMA application.
52  spherical power effect
(3 times)
Optometry
(3 times)
CPE (2 times)
AAO (1 time)
GP (1 time)
1985 A bitoric gas permeable hard contact lens with spherical power effect.
53  Spirulina platensis
(3 times)
Food
(1 time)
GM-CFC (1 time)
HDACs (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
2002 Influence of different radioprotective compounds on radiotolerance and cell cycle distribution of human progenitor cells of granulocytopoiesis in vitro.
54  squamous papilloma of the esophagus
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
NBI (1 time)
1980 Squamous papilloma of the esophagus. A report of three cases and review of the literature.
55  Stanford Prison Experiment
(3 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
--- 2006 On rethinking the psychology of tyranny: the BBC prison study.
56  strong positive element
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
GUS (1 time)
OSE (1 time)
PE (1 time)
1990 Interdependence and nodule specificity of cis-acting regulatory elements in the soybean leghemoglobin lbc3 and N23 gene promoters.
57  subjective prognosis for gainful employment
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
IG (1 time)
2012 ["Vocational perspective"--short-term efficacy of a group treatment for patients with extensive work-related problems during medical rehabilitation].
58  subspecialty pulmonary evaluation
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
WTC (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2012 Inflammatory biomarkers predict airflow obstruction after exposure to World Trade Center dust.
59  sulfonated polyethylene
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
SEM (2 times)
CFs (1 time)
2000 The swelling behavior and wet morphology of water-absorbable polymer materials.
60  dialysis-solid-phase extraction
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
NSAIDs (1 time)
1999 On-line dialysis-SPE-CE of acidic drugs in biological samples.
61  extract-solid-phase extraction
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
MSPD (1 time)
RSD (1 time)
SFE (1 time)
2009 [Comparison of pretreatment methods for the simultaneous determination of diclazuril and toltrazuril residues in chicken tissues].
62  N,N'-dimethyl-N-methacryloxyethyl-N-(3-sulfopropyl) ammonium betaine
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
AIBN (1 time)
BVPE (1 time)
HILIC (1 time)
2001 Chromatographic interactions between proteins and sulfoalkylbetaine-based zwitterionic copolymers in fully aqueous low-salt buffers.
63  S. plebeia extract
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
CIA (1 time)
DNCB (1 time)
2014 Salvia plebeia suppresses atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions.
64  saddle pulmonary embolism
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
cTnI (1 time)
CTPA (1 time)
2013 [Clinical analysis of 15 cases of saddle pulmonary embolism].
65  samples
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
MEPS (4 times)
PAHs (2 times)
BPA (1 time)
2010 Determination of organic priority pollutants and emerging compounds in wastewater and snow samples using multiresidue protocols on the basis of microextraction by packed sorbents coupled to large volume injection gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis.
66  saw palmetto
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BPH (1 time)
DHT (1 time)
IGF-IR (1 time)
2004 Saw palmetto extract suppresses insulin-like growth factor-I signaling and induces stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase phosphorylation in human prostate epithelial cells.
67  scaffold percolative efficiency
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
PEO (1 time)
2010 Scaffold percolative efficiency: in vitro evaluation of the structural criterion for electrospun mats.
68  self-presentational efficacy
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
MANOVA (1 time)
PNS (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2008 The effects of physique-salient and physique non-salient exercise videos on women's body image, self-presentational concerns, and exercise motivation.
69  self-prioritisation effect
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
mPFC (1 time)
tDCS (1 time)
vmPFC (1 time)
2018 The central locus of self-prioritisation.
70  semantic positivity-evaluation
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
fMRI (2 times)
OE (2 times)
SE (2 times)
2004 Metacognitive evaluation, self-relevance, and the right prefrontal cortex.
71  semantic preview effect
(2 times)
Dementia
(1 time)
LH (1 time)
SOAs (1 time)
2016 Heterogeneity in semantic priming effect with a lexical decision task in patients after left hemisphere stroke.
72  Shannon permutation entropy
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
2015 Limits of permutation-based entropies in assessing complexity of short heart period variability.
73  significant pericardiac effusion
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PT (2 times)
CT (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2004 [Analysis of 73 cases of significant pericardiac effusion].
74  simple pulmonary eosinophilia
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
ABPA (1 time)
AEP (1 time)
BG (1 time)
2007 Eosinophilic lung diseases: a clinical, radiologic, and pathologic overview.
75  simulated patient encounter
(2 times)
Education
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
1981 A comparison of behaviour on simulated patients and patient management problems.
76  single probability estimation
(2 times)
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
(1 time)
ASCD (2 times)
CMF (2 times)
CPE (2 times)
2013 A novel aortic valve segmentation from ultrasound image using continuous max-flow approach.
77  single psychotic episode
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
DUP (1 time)
FEP (1 time)
RPD (1 time)
2011 Prediction of a single psychotic episode: a 7.5-year, prospective study in first-episode psychosis.
78  single pulse experiments
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
CP/MAS (1 time)
DQ (1 time)
2014 Ibuprofen in mesopores of Mobil Crystalline Material 41 (MCM-41): a deeper understanding.
79  single-parent expression
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2014 Nonsyntenic genes drive highly dynamic complementation of gene expression in maize hybrids.
80  single-photon excited
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
FLIM (1 time)
h-BN (1 time)
LSM (1 time)
2004 Compact multiphoton/single photon laser scanning microscope for spectral imaging and fluorescence lifetime imaging.
81  skin protein extracts
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
--- 1982 Allergic contact dermatitis to methylenelactones. Use of lymphocyte transformation test.
82  slow palatal expansion
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
RPE (2 times)
CLP (1 time)
2009 Maxillary Expansion in Cleft Lip and Palate using Quad Helix and Rapid Palatal Expansion Screw.
83  slow plasma exchange
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
AFP (1 time)
ALB (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
1996 Plasma-exchange therapy in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. A double-blind, sham-controlled, cross-over study.
84  small pericardial effusion
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
CH (1 time)
PSI (1 time)
2012 A novel prognostic marker in acute ischemic stroke: small pericardial effusion.
85  solar proton event
(2 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
ACRC (1 time)
BFO (1 time)
CRCM (1 time)
1994 Up-to-date observations of space energetic particles made by the Chinese satellite Fengyun-1 (B).
86  Solid Phase Elution
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
FDNPP (1 time)
MC-LR (1 time)
2005 [Synthesis of complete antigen of microcystin-LR and its antibody production].
87  solid-phase column
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
eCBs (1 time)
LOQs (1 time)
MRM (1 time)
2016 [Deuterated surrogate and UPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous determination of 22 endocannabinoids in ovariectomized rat plasma].
88  sorbitol polyglycidyl ether
(2 times)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
APP (1 time)
CNF (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2016 Bio-based epoxy/chitin nanofiber composites cured with amine-type hardeners containing chitosan.
89  soy protein extract
(2 times)
Dietary Supplements
(1 time)
ODC (1 time)
2011 Soy protein extract (SPE) exhibits differential in vitro cell proliferation effects in oral cancer and normal cell lines.
90  soya phytochemical extract
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
LDL (1 time)
SGLT (1 time)
1999 Antioxidant action and potential antidiabetic properties of an isoflavonoid-containing soyabean phytochemical extract (SPE).
91  sphenoidal electrodes
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ESI (1 time)
TE (1 time)
TLE (1 time)
2002 Relative utility of sphenoidal and temporal surface electrodes for localization of ictal onset in temporal lobe epilepsy.
92  spin Peltier effect
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
Pt (1 time)
YIG (1 time)
2014 Observation of the spin Peltier effect for magnetic insulators.
93  spontaneous penile erections
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
GG (2 times)
CG (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2000 Prepubertal genital grooming and penile erections in relation to sexual behavior of rats.
94  spontaneous persistent estrus
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
ARC/ME (1 time)
EB (1 time)
LH (1 time)
1982 Comparison of luteinizing hormone surge responses to ovarian steroids in cyclic and spontaneously persistent estrous rats of middle age.
95  spretus
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
PV (1 time)
RFLPs (1 time)
1986 Chromosomal localization of muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptor genes in the mouse.
96  standard patient education
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
CBT (1 time)
ED (1 time)
PCE (1 time)
2005 The effects of a cognitive behavioural therapy programme for self-care on haemodialysis patients.
97  standard physical education
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CRF (1 time)
SIT (1 time)
2015 Sprint interval training (SIT) is an effective method to maintain cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and glucose homeostasis in Scottish adolescents.
98  Standardized Psychiatric Examination
(2 times)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
ECA (1 time)
1988 Interobserver reliability of a "Standardized Psychiatric Examination" (SPE) for case ascertainment (DSM-III).
99  stimulated parametric emission
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
--- 2009 Photobleaching resistance of stimulated parametric emission in microscopy.
100  sulfopropyl ether
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
beta-CD (1 time)
BMP-2 (1 time)
DS (1 time)
1997 Effect of alkyl chain length and degree of substitution on the complexation of sulfoalkyl ether beta-cyclodextrins with steroids.