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Abbreviation: SPI
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
soy protein isolate
(805 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(301 times)
CAS (38 times)
SEM (36 times)
FTIR (31 times)
1982 Effect of infant formuLas on blood and tissue cholesterol, bone calcium, and body composition in weanling pigs.
Standardized Precipitation Index
(132 times)
Environmental Health
(75 times)
SPEI (34 times)
NDVI (17 times)
SSI (8 times)
2008 Observed change of the standardized precipitation index, its potential cause and implications to future climate change in the Amazon region.
Salmonella pathogenicity island
(103 times)
Microbiology
(41 times)
S. Typhimurium (12 times)
TTSS (6 times)
NTS (5 times)
1996 Identification of a virulence locus encoding a second type III secretion system in Salmonella typhimurium.
single photon ionization
(54 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(40 times)
VUV (24 times)
TOFMS (16 times)
REMPI (9 times)
1995 Relative elemental sensitivity factors in non-resonant laser-SNMS.
surgical pleth index
(48 times)
Anesthesiology
(21 times)
HR (8 times)
NRS (8 times)
ANI (6 times)
2010 Autonomic nervous system state: the effect of general anaesthesia and bilateral tonsillectomy after unilateral infiltration of lidocaine.
serine protease inhibitor
(47 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
GH (7 times)
aa (4 times)
ORF (4 times)
1989 Homologous rat hepatic protease inhibitor genes show divergent functional responses to inflammation.
single point imaging
(33 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(20 times)
MRI (6 times)
EPR (4 times)
CW-EPR (2 times)
1998 Relaxation time mapping of short T*2 nuclei with single-point imaging (SPI) methods.
single-pixel imaging
(33 times)
Ophthalmology
(21 times)
DMD (4 times)
CS (2 times)
DCT (2 times)
2017 Adaptive regional single-pixel imaging based on the Fourier slice theorem.
spironolactone
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
MR (7 times)
ALD (5 times)
EPL (4 times)
1986 Differential effects of diuretics on eicosanoid biosynthesis.
10  substance P-like immunoreactive
(28 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
5-HT (1 time)
AC (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
1982 Substance P-immunoreactive peripheral branches of sensory neurons innervate guinea pig sympathetic neurons.
11  soft phonation index
(24 times)
Otolaryngology
(13 times)
NHR (13 times)
VTI (9 times)
MDVP (7 times)
1998 [Voice signal analysis in laryngeal hyperreactivity].
12  stream power index
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
TWI (14 times)
AUC (6 times)
NDVI (4 times)
1968 Left ventricular function in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
13  sediment pollution index
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
EF (5 times)
PLI (4 times)
Igeo (3 times)
2007 Distribution and contamination assessment of heavy metals in sediment of the Second Songhua River, China.
14  Safety Planning Intervention
(14 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
EDs (3 times)
CQI (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2016 An Emergency Department Intervention and Follow-Up to Reduce Suicide Risk in the VA: Acceptability and Effectiveness.
15  Simplified Psoriasis Index
(13 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
PASI (4 times)
CDLQI (2 times)
DLQI (2 times)
2013 The Simplified Psoriasis Index (SPI): a practical tool for assessing psoriasis.
16  single-particle imaging
(13 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
XFELs (4 times)
EMC (2 times)
AMO (1 time)
2015 Theoretical study of electronic damage in single-particle imaging experiments at x-ray free-electron lasers for pulse durations from 0.1 to 10 fs.
17  Symptom Problem Index
(13 times)
Urology
(11 times)
BPH (6 times)
IPSS (6 times)
QoL (6 times)
1995 Measuring disease-specific health status in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Measurement Committee of The American Urological Association.
18  spiramycin
(12 times)
Biology
(3 times)
ERY (8 times)
TYL (4 times)
JOS (3 times)
1988 [In vitro activity of roxithromycin compared to 5 other macrolides against staphylococci].
19  Study of Perioperative Ischemia
(12 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
ECG (5 times)
CABG (2 times)
ESA (1 time)
1989 Detection of perioperative myocardial ischaemia. The Study of Perioperative Ischemia (SPI) Research Group.
20  soil pollution index
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
EF (6 times)
CF (3 times)
Cp (2 times)
2012 [Analysis of the informative value of integral indicators of chemical soil contamination in the evaluation of the status of areas].
21  Safer Patients Initiative
(9 times)
Health Services Research
(7 times)
CEOs (1 time)
QI (1 time)
2009 Perceptions of the impact of a large-scale collaborative improvement programme: experience in the UK Safer Patients Initiative.
22  Severity of Psychiatric Illness
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
GAF (3 times)
AD (1 time)
CGI (1 time)
1995 Validity of the Severity of Psychiatric Illness rating scale in a sample of inpatients on a psychogeriatric unit.
23  Sleep Problems Index
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AS (2 times)
MOS (2 times)
ACR (1 time)
2003 Sleep quality and clinical correlates in patients on maintenance dialysis.
24  subclinical papillomavirus infection
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CIN (5 times)
HPV (5 times)
AIN (1 time)
1982 Genital warts and cervical cancer. I. Evidence of an association between subclinical papillomavirus infection and cervical malignancy.
25  Surgical Plethysmographic Index
(9 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
ANI (2 times)
ANS (2 times)
HRV (2 times)
2013 Comparison of the Surgical Pleth Index with autonomic nervous system modulation on cardiac activity during general anaesthesia: A randomised cross-over study.
26  serial peripheral interface
(8 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
ASIC (3 times)
ADC (2 times)
MCU (2 times)
2013 Design of a high voltage stimulator chip for a stroke rehabilitation system.
27  spermiogenesis
(8 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
TDI (7 times)
CON (2 times)
EX (2 times)
2017 Insight into curcumin nanomicelle-induced derangements in male reproduction potential: An experimental study.
28  splenoportal index
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
PVV (3 times)
CHB (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2008 Esophageal varices: noninvasive diagnosis with duplex Doppler US in patients with compensated cirrhosis.
29  standardized patient instructor
(8 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CPE (1 time)
HBC (1 time)
HBCMs (1 time)
1997 The effect of a standardized patient instructor experience on students' anxiety and confidence levels performing the male genitorectal examination.
30  sulfonated polyimide
(8 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
PVDF (2 times)
AB (1 time)
AC (1 time)
2008 Characteristics of polyethersulfone/sulfonated polyimide blend membrane for proton exchange membrane fuel cell.
31  solid-phase immunoassay
(6 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
CDC (2 times)
HLA (2 times)
MFI (2 times)
2011 Quantifying HLA-specific antibodies in patients undergoing desensitization.
32  spermiogenesis index
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
TDI (4 times)
CAT (2 times)
FSH (2 times)
2014 Honey and metformin ameliorated diabetes-induced damages in testes of rat; correlation with hormonal changes.
33  standardized psychiatric interview
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
CAPD (1 time)
GHQ (1 time)
HD (1 time)
1981 [Inter-clinician reliability of the Mexican version of Goldberg's "Standardized Psychiatric Interview"].
34  substance P immunoreactivity
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
NTS (1 time)
SP (1 time)
1983 The substance P content of peripheral tissues in several mammals.
35  summed pain intensity
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PPBCS (2 times)
CR (1 time)
ICBN (1 time)
1991 A new version of the ischemic tourniquet pain test.
36  sac pressure index
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
EVAR (3 times)
AAA (1 time)
DMN (1 time)
2010 Intraoperative sac pressure measurement during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.
37  seasonal pollen index
(5 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
GLC2000 (1 time)
2011 A method to derive vegetation distribution maps for pollen dispersion models using birch as an example.
38  sediment profile imaging
(5 times)
Biology
(3 times)
BHQ (1 time)
EMPs (1 time)
EU-WFD (1 time)
2009 Temporal and spatial changes in marine benthic habitats in relation to the EU Water Framework Directive: the use of sediment profile imagery.
39  spinal penetration index
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AIS (3 times)
EHR (2 times)
FVC (2 times)
2013 Spinal penetration index assessment in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis using EOS low-dose biplanar stereoradiography.
40  SPIRRIG
(5 times)
Botany
(3 times)
W/SC (2 times)
BDCPs (1 time)
BEACH (1 time)
2009 The cell morphogenesis gene SPIRRIG in Arabidopsis encodes a WD/BEACH domain protein.
41  sunflower protein isolate
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
DH (2 times)
BAM (1 time)
DPPC (1 time)
1988 [Animal experimento-toxicologic studies of protein isolates in sunflower seeds].
42  safety performance index
(4 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AUAC (1 time)
BEDROC (1 time)
EF (1 time)
2009 Surgeon performance index: tool for assessment of individual surgical quality in total quality management.
43  Saliva Precipitation Index
(4 times)
Food
(2 times)
mDP (1 time)
MPs (1 time)
2012 Precipitation of salivary proteins after the interaction with wine: the effect of ethanol, pH, fructose, and mannoproteins.
44  selective protein index
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CNS (1 time)
1986 Altered immunoglobulin status in congenital nephrotic syndrome.
45  sequence of pulse intervals
(4 times)
Biology
(2 times)
CN (2 times)
EOD (2 times)
EODs (2 times)
1991 Sex recognition by electric cues in a sound-producing mormyrid fish, Pollimyrus isidori.
46  Social Progress Index
(4 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
EDI (1 time)
EHI (1 time)
GGI (1 time)
2005 Variations in the prevalence of psychiatric disorders and social problems across Canadian provinces.
47  soft plasma ionization
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
LOD (1 time)
RSD (1 time)
VOCs (1 time)
2007 Development of soft plasma ionization (SPI) source for analysis of organic compounds.
48  SP immunoreactivity
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SP (4 times)
CGRP (2 times)
CGRPI (1 time)
1980 Demonstration of substance P in aortic nerve afferent fibers by combined use of fluorescent retrograde neuronal labeling and immunocytochemistry.
49  specialists in poison information
(4 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
AAPCC (1 time)
IVR (1 time)
MIRs (1 time)
1994 A demographic profile of the Specialist in Poison Information.
50  spermiophagic index
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
HSG (2 times)
PM (2 times)
DFO (1 time)
1984 Spermiophagy in vitro.
51  spinosin
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ERK (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
JNK (1 time)
2016 The transport mechanism of monocarboxylate transporter on spinosin in Caco-2 cells.
52  spiperone
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
DA (3 times)
CPHP (1 time)
DRO (1 time)
1988 Blockade of hippocampal dopamine (DA) receptors: a tool for antipsychotics with low extrapyramidal side effects.
53  surgical peripheral iridectomy
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
ACD (2 times)
PAS (2 times)
ACV (1 time)
2012 [Comparison of anterior segment changes before and after laser peripheral iridectomy by anterior segment optical coherence tomography in eyes with primary acute angle closure glaucoma].
54  synthetic pollution index
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
WQI (3 times)
GIS (2 times)
ANN (1 time)
2019 Application of water quality index, synthetic pollution index, and geospatial tools for the assessment of drinking water quality in the Indus Delta, Pakistan.
55  systolic pressure index
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
AV (1 time)
NCS (1 time)
PAD (1 time)
1985 [Systolic pressure index at the ankle, a "beacon" of long-term monitoring of lower-limb arteriopathy].
56  OEt-substituted pyrophosphate internucleotide
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Fpg (3 times)
oxoG (2 times)
8-oxoG (1 time)
2004 [New non-hydrolyzable substrate analogs for 8-oxoguanine-DNA glycosylases].
57  severe psychiatric illness
(3 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CRC (3 times)
HRs (1 time)
2020 Cancer staging in individuals with a severe psychiatric illness: a cross-sectional study using population-based cancer registry data.
58  simple parasitism index
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CPI (1 time)
FITP (1 time)
NDFF (1 time)
1994 [A coprological study of intestinal infections in Northern Morocco (provinces of Tangier, Tetuan and Larache)].
59  sodium-potassium pump inhibitor
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BP (2 times)
ANP (1 time)
CO (1 time)
1996 Effects of head down tilt on hemodynamics, fluid volumes, and plasma Na-K pump inhibitor in rats.
60  Soreness perception index
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
OSA (2 times)
PSG (2 times)
AHI (1 time)
1989 Therapeutic effect of high speed voluntary muscle contractions on muscle soreness and muscle performance.
61  soy protein
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CAS (1 time)
GEN (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
2002 Soy protein reduces paraquat-induced oxidative stress in rats.
62  Spine Pain Index
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HRQoL (3 times)
BMD (1 time)
DIRP (1 time)
2013 Effectiveness of teriparatide treatment on back pain-related functional limitations in individuals affected by severe osteoporosis: a prospective pilot study.
63  spino-pelvic index
(3 times)
Bone Diseases
(2 times)
AIS (2 times)
HOP (2 times)
HOS (2 times)
2015 Disproportionate growth between the spine and pelvis in patients with thoracic adolescent scoliosis: a new look into the pattern's growth.
64  spiroperidol
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CPZ (2 times)
FFA (2 times)
FLU (2 times)
1976 The effect of neuroleptics on the development of gastric ulcers in rats exposed to restraint-cold stress.
65  spirulina
(3 times)
Antioxidants
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
F2-Isop (1 time)
2021 Antioxidant and Inflammatory Gene Expression Profiles of Bovine Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells in Response to Arthrospira platensis before and after LPS Challenge.
66  split proinsulin
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
HTG (2 times)
NTG (2 times)
PI (2 times)
1995 Fasting and postprandial determinants for the occurrence of small dense LDL species in non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients with and without hypertriglyceridaemia: the involvement of insulin, insulin precursor species and insulin resistance.
67  St. Paul Island
(3 times)
Parasitology
(3 times)
SAMs (1 time)
2003 Observations in 2001 on hookworms ( Uncinaria spp.) in otariid pinnipeds.
68  statistical parametric image
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
fMRI (3 times)
CVA (2 times)
GLM (2 times)
2008 A Java-based fMRI processing pipeline evaluation system for assessment of univariate general linear model and multivariate canonical variate analysis-based pipelines.
69  streaming potential integral
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
--- 2010 Effects of refrigeration and freezing on the electromechanical and biomechanical properties of articular cartilage.
70  submerged plasma irradiation
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
MB (2 times)
AOT (1 time)
HMP (1 time)
2016 Methylene blue removal by submerged plasma irradiation system in the presence of persulfate.
71  sulfophthalimide
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
SPAA (2 times)
ESI-MS-MS (1 time)
RB15 (1 time)
2001 Analysis of sulfophthalimide and some of its derivatives by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.
72  Synthetic Physical Interaction
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
GFP (1 time)
MLC1 (1 time)
SARS-CoV-2 (1 time)
2017 Rewiring the Budding Yeast Proteome using Synthetic Physical Interactions.
73  anti-pregnancy-specific beta glycoprotein
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CEA (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
hCG (1 time)
1989 Characterization of baboon pregnancy-specific beta 1-glycoprotein.
74  safety performance indicators
(2 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
DEA (2 times)
2008 Benchmarking road safety: lessons to learn from a data envelopment analysis.
75  safety propensity index
(2 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
HSIS (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2013 Interrupted versus uninterrupted flow: a safety propensity index for driver behavior.
76  Salford Psoriasis Index
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
PASI (2 times)
HADS (1 time)
IPQ (1 time)
2000 The Salford Psoriasis Index: an holistic measure of psoriasis severity.
77  scholarly productivity index
(2 times)
Physical Education and Training
(1 time)
NLN (1 time)
1996 Measuring the leadership styles and scholarly productivity of nursing department chairpersons.
78  science products inventory
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
--- 2018 A Science Products Inventory for Citizen-Science Planning and Evaluation.
79  Score of primary irritation
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
PII (2 times)
alpha-TCP (1 time)
2005 Biological evaluation of a polyvinyl siloxane impression material.
80  secondary pancreatic infection
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
SAP (2 times)
APACHE II (1 time)
WBC (1 time)
1999 Specific prognostic factors for secondary pancreatic infection in severe acute pancreatitis.
81  selective paste intrusion
(2 times)
--- 2021 Penetration of Cement Pastes into Particle-Beds: A Comparison of Penetration Models.
82  selective pressure incorporation
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
cAAs (1 time)
Dfp (1 time)
Dhp (1 time)
2018 Antimicrobial Peptides Produced by Selective Pressure Incorporation of Non-canonical Amino Acids.
83  sensation pollution index
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
SPM (2 times)
2016 [Grain Size Distribution Characteristics of Suspended Particulate Matter as Influenced by the Apparent Pollution in the Eutrophic Urban Landscape Water Body].
84  Sensory Profile Interoception
(2 times)
Occupational Therapy
(1 time)
A/ASP (2 times)
BAS (1 time)
PAS (1 time)
2022 Construct Validity of the Sensory Profile Interoception Scale: Measuring Sensory Processing in Everyday Life.
85  sensory protein index
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
SPs (1 time)
2020 Can Pathogenic and Nonpathogenic Bacteria Be Distinguished by Sensory Protein Abundance?
86  serious postoperative infection
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
MV (1 time)
2001 Transfusion of blood components and postoperative infection in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
87  Severe Perkinsea infection
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
NAG01 (1 time)
2017 Pathogenic lineage of Perkinsea associated with mass mortality of frogs across the United States.
88  sheet probability index
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2016 Sheet Probability Index (SPI): Characterizing the geometrical organization of the white matter with diffusion MRI.
89  Short Psychological Intervention
(2 times)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
ACCPI (1 time)
CBP (1 time)
2011 Short Psychological Intervention as a Perioperative Pain Reduction Treatment in Spinal Neurosurgery.
90  side-port incisions
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BSS (1 time)
CCI (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
2013 Seidel and India ink tests assessment of different clear cornea side-port incision configurations.
91  signal peptidase I
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
Plsp1 (1 time)
TPP (1 time)
1995 Isolation and characterization of the Vibrio cholerae acfA gene, required for efficient intestinal colonization.
92  Simple Prognostic Index
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2010 The Simple Prognostic Index (SPI)--a pathophysiologic prognostic scoring tool for emergency laparotomy.
93  simulated patient instructor
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
SPIs (1 time)
1998 Training students in education of the hypertensive patient: enhanced performance after a simulated patient instructor (SPI)-based exercise.
94  simulator performance index
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
CBD (1 time)
DPI (1 time)
WAD (1 time)
2005 Predictive validity of driving-simulator assessments following traumatic brain injury: a preliminary study.
95  slab-selective phase-sensitive inversion-recovery
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2010 Improved carotid intraplaque hemorrhage imaging using a slab-selective phase-sensitive inversion-recovery (SPI) sequence.
96  slowly progressing infection
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
GMT (2 times)
RPI (2 times)
1995 Neutralizing antibodies in slowly progressing HIV-1 infection.
97  Smoking Policy Inventory
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
--- 1998 Measuring support for tobacco control policy in selected areas of six countries.
98  Soil Productivity Indexes
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2021 Aplication of Soil Productivity Index after Eight Years of Soil Reclamation with Sewage Sludge Amendments.
99  Southern Patagonian Icefield
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
NPI (1 time)
SMB (1 time)
YD (1 time)
2008 Patagonian glacier response during the late glacial-Holocene transition.
100  soya protein
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AV (1 time)
BHA/BHT (1 time)
FGK (1 time)
2001 Evaluation of the antioxidant potential of natural food/plant extracts as compared with synthetic antioxidants and vitamin E in raw and cooked pork patties.