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Abbreviation: SPL
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Long forms: 209

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
sound pressure level
(653 times)
Audiology
(220 times)
ABR (26 times)
DPOAEs (20 times)
DPOAE (18 times)
1975 Relative intelligibility of the CID spondees as presented via monitored live voice.
superior parietal lobule
(243 times)
Neurology
(77 times)
fMRI (44 times)
IPL (33 times)
IPS (27 times)
1985 Corticothalamic connections of the posterior parietal cortex in the rhesus monkey.
SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN-LIKE
(82 times)
Botany
(40 times)
miR156 (16 times)
FT (6 times)
GA (4 times)
2008 Dual effects of miR156-targeted SPL genes and CYP78A5/KLUH on plastochron length and organ size in Arabidopsis thaliana.
spleen
(44 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(17 times)
BM (11 times)
PBL (8 times)
LN (7 times)
1975 3H-uridine incorporation by small lymphocytes of tolerant rats: relationship to T and B lymphocytes.
spironolactone
(41 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
MR (9 times)
EPL (4 times)
STZ (4 times)
1980 Distribution and excretion of 203Hg2+ in rats after unitiol, spironolactone and polythiol resin treatment.
stretched penile length
(36 times)
Urology
(14 times)
PD (5 times)
AGD (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
2004 The androgen insensitive micropenis: long-term follow-up into adulthood.
single-port laparoscopy
(30 times)
General Surgery
(16 times)
CL (5 times)
BMI (2 times)
NOTES (2 times)
2009 Single-port laparoscopic and robotic partial nephrectomy.
Spent Pot Liner
(27 times)
Environmental Health
(20 times)
AU (2 times)
MMS (2 times)
ATEM (1 time)
2002 Characterization of inorganic fraction of spent potliners: evaluation of the cyanides and fluorides content.
Sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
S1P (16 times)
AD (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1998 Identification of the first mammalian sphingosine phosphate lyase gene and its functional expression in yeast.
10  scanning probe lithography
(20 times)
Nanotechnology
(8 times)
AFM (2 times)
cSPL (2 times)
DPN (2 times)
2000 Nanofabrication of self-assembled monolayers using scanning probe lithography.
11  splenocytes
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
MBP (7 times)
EAE (4 times)
PC (2 times)
1984 IgA-dependent cell-mediated activity against enteropathogenic bacteria: distribution, specificity, and characterization of the effector cells.
12  spore photoproduct lyase
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
SAM (10 times)
SP (8 times)
5'-dA (2 times)
1993 Molecular cloning and characterization of the Bacillus subtilis spore photoproduct lyase (spl) gene, which is involved in repair of UV radiation-induced DNA damage during spore germination.
13  skin potential level
(15 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
SPR (3 times)
BSPL (2 times)
AAC (1 time)
1973 [Proceedings: 326. The relationship of skin potential level (SPL) to skin potential response (SPR) in the nocturnal sleep state (author's transl)].
14  splenius capitis
(14 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
SCM (7 times)
SSC (3 times)
CD (2 times)
1990 [Local alcoholisation treatment of spasmodic torticollis].
15  SQUAMOSA PROMOTER BINDING-LIKE
(12 times)
Botany
(6 times)
miR156 (3 times)
sRNAs (2 times)
AB (1 time)
2005 Cloning and characterization of micro-RNAs from moss.
16  sphingolipid
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
Cer (3 times)
Cers (2 times)
HexCers (2 times)
2010 Sphingolipid analysis by high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS).
17  splenius
(10 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
BCC (6 times)
EPSPs (3 times)
SCM (3 times)
1984 Neck muscle afferent input to spinocerebellar tract cells of the central cervical nucleus in the cat.
18  solitary pulmonary lesions
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
GTV (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
AdenoCa (1 time)
1996 Temporal trends in the prevalence of malignancy in resected solitary pulmonary lesions.
19  splenectomy
(9 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
BRTO (1 time)
CON (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1991 Impact of splenectomy on survival following gastrectomy for adenocarcinoma.
20  spondylolisthesis
(9 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
LBP (2 times)
SBT (2 times)
ACPAs (1 time)
1984 [Treatment of spondylolisthesis (stage I-II) by neurosurgical decompression without either osteosynthesis or reduction].
21  splanchnic nerve
(8 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
VPL (3 times)
CL (2 times)
CPS (2 times)
1984 Greater splanchnic excitation of primate T1-T5 spinothalamic neurons.
22  serum prolactin level
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
SOR (3 times)
BPRS (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1981 Prolactin resistance to bromocryptine treatment: a case report.
23  solid pancreatic lesions
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
NPV (3 times)
PPV (3 times)
EUS (2 times)
2012 Prospective evaluation of the optimal number of 25-gauge needle passes for endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of solid pancreatic lesions in the absence of an onsite cytopathologist.
24  splanchnic
(7 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
RPa (3 times)
RVLM (3 times)
BAT (2 times)
1969 Reflex discharges into thoracic white rami elicited by somatic and visceral afferent excitation.
25  staphylococcal phage lysate
(7 times)
Pharmacy
(2 times)
PHA (2 times)
PWM (2 times)
Con A (1 time)
1975 In vitro human reactivity to staphylococcal phage lysate.
26  Superconducting Proton Linac
(7 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
--- 2005 Radiation protection aspects of a 4 MW target.
27  Supernumerary phantom limb
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PLP (1 time)
PMC (1 time)
SMA (1 time)
2004 Supernumerary phantom limbs associated with left hemispheric stroke: case report and review of the literature.
28  soft palate length
(6 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
AHI (3 times)
OSA (3 times)
CT (2 times)
2000 Upper airway collapsibility and cephalometric variables in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
29  split
(6 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
SU (2 times)
ABS (1 time)
BAR (1 time)
1989 A tripartite interaction among alleles of Notch, Delta, and Enhancer of split during imaginal development of Drosophila melanogaster.
30  SPOROCYTELESS
(6 times)
Botany
(2 times)
AG-like (1 time)
ANT (1 time)
BF (1 time)
1999 The SPOROCYTELESS gene of Arabidopsis is required for initiation of sporogenesis and encodes a novel nuclear protein.
31  sway path length
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
SA (4 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
CFP (1 time)
1997 Dynamic balance testing with electrically evoked perturbation: a test of reliability.
32  self-paced learning
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
A-SSVM (1 time)
AFT (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2014 Domain Adaptation of Deformable Part-Based Models.
33  Spinophilin
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AE2 (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
AT1R (1 time)
2007 Spinophilin/neurabin reciprocally regulate signaling intensity by G protein-coupled receptors.
34  splenic lymphocytes
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
PBL (2 times)
PHA (2 times)
APC (1 time)
1988 Mechanisms of immunologic unresponsiveness induced by ultraviolet-irradiated donor-specific blood transfusions and peritransplant cyclosporine.
35  stochastic point location
(5 times)
Cybernetics
(5 times)
HSSL (2 times)
CPL-AdS (1 time)
LM (1 time)
2008 A solution to the stochastic point location problem in metalevel nonstationary environments.
36  Strongyloides papillosus
(5 times)
Parasitology
(5 times)
EPG (1 time)
SVZ (1 time)
1991 Sudden death in calves associated with Strongyloides papillosus infection.
37  Structured Product Label
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
NDF-RT (2 times)
ATC (1 time)
CPOE (1 time)
2005 HL7 Structured Product Labeling - electronic prescribing information for provider order entry decision support.
38  students' perceptions of learning
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DREEM (4 times)
SASP (2 times)
SPA (2 times)
2014 Students' perceptions of their learning environment at the College of Medicine, University of Ilorin, Southwest, Nigeria.
39  supracricoid partial laryngectomy
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
CHEP (1 time)
CHP (1 time)
TLM (1 time)
1998 Supracricoid partial laryngectomies: oncologic and functional results.
40  synthetic promoter library
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
gusA (1 time)
PGI (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2006 A synthetic promoter library for constitutive gene expression in Lactobacillus plantarum.
41  scaffold protein, spinophilin
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
alpha-AR (1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
GPCR (1 time)
2005 Spinophilin regulates Ca2+ signalling by binding the N-terminal domain of RGS2 and the third intracellular loop of G-protein-coupled receptors.
42  secondary pulmonary lymphoma
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
PPL (3 times)
CT (2 times)
NHL (2 times)
1993 Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma presenting as multiple cavitating pulmonary nodules.
43  spike length
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DArTseq (1 time)
DTH (1 time)
DTM (1 time)
2007 Molecular genetic analysis of five spike-related traits in wheat using RIL and immortalized F2 populations.
44  splanchnopleure
(4 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
c-looping (1 time)
CJ (1 time)
HT (1 time)
2004 The role of mechanical forces in dextral rotation during cardiac looping in the chick embryo.
45  splenic leukocytes
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
NK (2 times)
PBL (2 times)
AAH (1 time)
1987 Natural killer cell activity in the rat. VI. Characterization of rat large granular lymphocytes as effector cells in natural killer and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxic activities.
46  staphage lysate
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
Con A (2 times)
PHA (2 times)
CMC (1 time)
1979 Effects of serum and plasma from hemodialysis patients on the lymphoproliferative response.
47  salvage partial laryngectomy
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
STL (3 times)
RT (2 times)
2006 Results of surgical salvage after failure of definitive radiation therapy for early-stage squamous cell carcinoma of the glottic larynx.
48  serine protease-like
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
PPAF (1 time)
PPAF-II (1 time)
2006 Functional and structural characterization of Spl proteases from Staphylococcus aureus.
49  simulated-physiological loading
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
IVD (2 times)
Cabc (1 time)
DDD (1 time)
2012 Simulated-physiological loading conditions preserve biological and mechanical properties of caprine lumbar intervertebral discs in ex vivo culture.
50  sodium pump ligands
(3 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
MBG (2 times)
ISO (1 time)
IVSA (1 time)
2001 Interaction of NaCl and behavioral stress on endogenous sodium pump ligands in rats.
51  Spatholobus parviflorus
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
--- 2011 X-ray structure of a galactose-specific lectin from Spatholobous parviflorous.
52  Spatholobus parviflorus seed lectin
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
GalNAc (1 time)
ITC (1 time)
QN (1 time)
2013 Metal ions in sugar binding, sugar specificity and structural stability of Spatholobus parviflorus seed lectin.
53  spontaneous pregnancy loss
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
APOE (1 time)
RPL (1 time)
2012 Apolipoprotein E polymorphisms and spontaneous pregnancy loss in patients with endometriosis.
54  steady potential level
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 1975 [Reflection of the process of conditioned reflex formation in shifts of the steady potential level].
55  substance P-like
(3 times)
Embryology
(1 time)
DLF (1 time)
1984 Vagotomy induced changes in acetyl cholinesterase staining and substance P-like immunoreactivity in the gustatory lobes of goldfish.
56  SBP-like
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SBP (2 times)
2016 Transcriptome-wide identification and expression analysis of chrysanthemum SBP-like transcription factors.
57  scopolamine
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(2 times)
AChE (1 time)
SOD (1 time)
SPL-G (1 time)
2018 Protective effects of cultured and fermented ginseng extracts against scopolamine-induced memory loss in a mouse model.
58  screen-positive lesions
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
PSA (2 times)
PSAD (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2015 Diagnostic value of biparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as an adjunct to prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based detection of prostate cancer in men without prior biopsies.
59  segmental partial laminectomy
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ELAP (2 times)
CSM (1 time)
2009 A segmental partial laminectomy for cervical spondylotic myelopathy: anatomical basis and clinical outcome in comparison with expansive open-door laminoplasty.
60  selective pancreatic duct ligation
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AMs (2 times)
NO (2 times)
HUVECs (1 time)
1996 Role of nitric oxide derived from alveolar macrophages in the early phase of acute pancreatitis.
61  septopremaxillary ligament
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CLP (1 time)
1990 Septopremaxillary ligament resection and midfacial growth in a chimpanzee animal model.
62  single-photon lidar
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
GMAPD (1 time)
HRQLS (1 time)
SNSPD (1 time)
2016 Rapid, High-Resolution Forest Structure and Terrain Mapping over Large Areas using Single Photon Lidar.
63  soft palate lift
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
LEA (1 time)
LEP (1 time)
2000 Comparison of three oral appliances for treatment of severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
64  Software Product Line
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
IoT (1 time)
SSPL (1 time)
2015 A Scientific Software Product Line for the Bioinformatics domain.
65  sow productive life
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
LNBA (1 time)
LTNB (1 time)
2009 Identification of genetic markers for productive life in commercial sows.
66  soybean phospholipids
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
PCLs (2 times)
Chol (1 time)
EPL (1 time)
2007 Liposomes modified with polycation used for gene delivery: preparation, characterization and transfection in vitro.
67  soybean protein level
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
SBM (2 times)
FM (1 time)
SDA (1 time)
2005 Effects of dietary soybean protein levels on energy budget of the southern catfish, Silurus meridionalis.
68  SP lyase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HR and NHEJ (1 time)
NER and BER (1 time)
SASP (1 time)
2008 DNA repair and free radicals, new insights into the mechanism of spore photoproduct lyase revealed by single amino acid substitution.
69  sphingosine lyase
(2 times)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
4HNE (1 time)
BMDMs (1 time)
BPH (1 time)
2016 The Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Lyase (LegS2) Contributes to the Restriction of Legionella pneumophila in Murine Macrophages.
70  SPL group
(2 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
AFI (1 time)
Conv 500s (1 time)
DME (1 time)
2017 Panretinal Photocoagulation Using Short-Pulse Laser Induces Less Inflammation and Macular Thickening in Patients with Diabetic Retinopathy.
71  splenectomised
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CEUS (1 time)
G-CSF (1 time)
HJ (1 time)
2012 Preserved splenic function after angioembolisation of high grade injury.
72  splenocyte
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
IL-1 (1 time)
IL-2 (1 time)
1990 Alloantigen-induced activation of rat splenocytes is regulated by the oxidative metabolism of L-arginine.
73  Staphylococcus aureus phage lysate
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
Con A (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
PHA (1 time)
1982 Suppression of mitogen-induced lymphocyte transformation by plasma from patients with hepatosplenic Schistosomiasis mansoni: role of immune complexes.
74  stingray pancreatic lipase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
cDNA (1 time)
mRNAs (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2011 Biochemical properties of pancreatic colipase from the common stingray Dasyatis pastinaca.
75  Surgical Planning Laboratory
(2 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
FMA (1 time)
MRT (1 time)
1997 The present and future role of intraoperative MRI in neurosurgical procedures.
76  synthetic phospholipids
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
SP (2 times)
CLSE (1 time)
DPPC (1 time)
1996 Content of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine in lung surfactant: ramifications for surface activity.
77  HSA plug length
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AEKC (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
2007 Enantiomeric quality control of antihistamines in pharmaceuticals by affinity electrokinetic chromatography with human serum albumin as chiral selector.
78  phospholipids--sphingomyelin
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
DPG (1 time)
HA (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1982 Optimal conditions for Ca-acidic phospholipid-PO4 formation.
79  posterosuperior parietal lobule
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
aIPL (1 time)
BA (1 time)
DLF (1 time)
1999 Cortical visuomotor integration during eye pursuit and eye-finger pursuit.
80  S(-)-propranolol
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
--- 1998 Effect of menthol on permeability of an optically active and racemic propranolol across guinea pig skin.
81  Sacral/peripheral lesion
(1 time)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
DO (1 time)
DSD (1 time)
2012 Do Sacral/Peripheral Lesions Contribute to Detrusor-Sphincter Dyssynergia?
82  salivary pepsin level
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
GERD (1 time)
SMID (1 time)
2017 The characteristics of salivary pepsin in patients with severe motor and intellectual disabilities.
83  same amount, independently of whether the 80-dB
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Gain control in the auditory system: absolute identification of intensity within and across the two ears.
84  Saphenopopliteal ligation
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AVVQ (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
SSV (1 time)
2012 Saphenopopliteal ligation and stripping of small saphenous vein: does extended stripping provide better results?
85  saphenous partial ligation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MOR (1 time)
2005 Behavioral, pharmacological and molecular characterization of the saphenous nerve partial ligation: a new model of neuropathic pain.
86  scale-pocket linings
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1989 The same cell lineage is involved in scale formation and regeneration in the teleost fish Hemichromis bimaculatus.
87  scanpath length during the free viewing test
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
EMS (1 time)
eQTL (1 time)
2018 Genome-wide Association Analysis of Eye Movement Dysfunction in Schizophrenia.
88  Scopoletin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
IRS-1 (1 time)
PI3K (1 time)
2019 Supplementation of scopoletin improves insulin sensitivity by attenuating the derangements of insulin signaling through AMPK.
89  Scottish Premier League
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
FFIT (2 times)
2013 Football Fans in Training: the development and optimization of an intervention delivered through professional sports clubs to help men lose weight, become more active and adopt healthier eating habits.
90  screw-path length
(1 time)
Muscular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2018 Biomechanical effects of USS fixation with different screw insertion depths on the vertebrae stiffness and screw stress for the treatment of the L1 fracture.
91  secondary pulmonary lobule
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
HRCT (1 time)
ILD (1 time)
2014 [Classical patterns of interstitial lung diseases].
92  seed-phytomer-leaf
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
LDMC (1 time)
2017 Trade-offs between seed and leaf size (seed-phytomer-leaf theory): functional glue linking regenerative with life history strategies … and taxonomy with ecology?
93  selective passivation layer
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
CPL (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
IDEs (1 time)
2016 Improvement of Depth Profiling into Biotissues Using Micro Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy on a Needle with Selective Passivation.
94  self-paced light
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
SNS (1 time)
SP (1 time)
1985 The human pre-saccadic spike potential: influences of a visual target, saccade direction, electrode laterality and instructions to perform saccades.
95  seminal plasma leakage
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
PG (1 time)
1991 PGE1 compared to PGE2/PGF2 alpha ratio as a marker for seminal fluid contamination of urine in studies of renal prostaglandin biosynthesis.
96  seminal plasma leptin
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
NOA (1 time)
2011 [Leptin level in azoospermic patients and its clinical value].
97  sepiolite
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MBC (1 time)
PVP-I-SPL (1 time)
1999 Preparation and characteristics of antibacterial sepiolite containing povidone-iodine as a useful pharmaceutical product for patient care.
98  septoplasty
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
rSRP (1 time)
SRP (1 time)
2012 [Persistent nasal obstruction following septoplasty: deviated nasal pyramid and perpendicular plate].
99  serial pattern learning
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
5-MeO-DIPT (1 time)
NPS (1 time)
PND (1 time)
2018 The effect of repeated-intermittent exposure to 5-methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-DIPT) during adolescence on learning and memory in adult rats.
100  serum PRL levels
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
THC (1 time)
1978 Prolactin suppression by (-) delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC): involvement of serotonergic and dopaminergic pathways.