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Abbreviation: SPs
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Long forms: 411

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
standardized patients
(387 times)
Education
(137 times)
OSCE (37 times)
OSCEs (14 times)
CPX (8 times)
1991 Positive effects of a clinical performance assessment program.
senile plaques
(177 times)
Neurology
(86 times)
AD (138 times)
NFTs (98 times)
APP (22 times)
1988 Correlation of phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy and morphologic findings in Alzheimer's disease.
simulated patients
(134 times)
Education
(55 times)
CPs (6 times)
OSCE (6 times)
GPs (4 times)
2002 Physician behavior towards male and female problem drinkers: a controlled study using simulated patients.
surface plasmons
(101 times)
Ophthalmology
(43 times)
FDTD (5 times)
SPR (5 times)
THz (5 times)
2004 Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells.
surfactant proteins
(89 times)
Molecular Biology
(16 times)
LPS (8 times)
RDS (4 times)
BALF (3 times)
1989 Expression of the 35kDa and low molecular weight surfactant-associated proteins in the lungs of infants dying with respiratory distress syndrome.
sulfated polysaccharides
(68 times)
Biology
(12 times)
LPS (4 times)
CPS (3 times)
NO (3 times)
1986 Respective role of antithrombin III and heparin cofactor II in the in vitro anticoagulant effect of heparin and of various sulphated polysaccharides.
signal peptides
(54 times)
Biotechnology
(14 times)
ER (6 times)
GFP (3 times)
SPC (3 times)
1994 The COOH-terminal ends of internal signal and signal-anchor sequences are positioned differently in the ER translocase.
serine proteases
(46 times)
Zoology
(12 times)
SPHs (9 times)
proPO (4 times)
PO (3 times)
1992 Identification of cDNAs encoding two novel rat pancreatic serine proteases.
serrated polyps
(46 times)
Gastroenterology
(21 times)
CRC (21 times)
CI (7 times)
HP (6 times)
2012 Endoscopic appearance of proximal colorectal neoplasms and potential implications for colonoscopy in cancer prevention.
10  synthetic pyrethroids
(45 times)
Environmental Health
(24 times)
OPs (10 times)
BF (6 times)
cis-BF (4 times)
1999 Treatment of psoroptic mange with reference to epidemiology and history.
11  supraparticles
(29 times)
Nanotechnology
(11 times)
NPs (5 times)
GQDs (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2009 Cylindrical superparticles from semiconductor nanorods.
12  standard precautions
(28 times)
Communicable Diseases
(11 times)
HCWs (4 times)
CSPS-It (2 times)
HBM (2 times)
2007 Standard precautions in the pediatric emergency department: knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of pediatric and emergency medicine residents.
13  silent periods
(22 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
MEPs (10 times)
TMS (10 times)
APB (4 times)
1976 Reflex activity in the masseter muscle of young individuals. I. Experimental procedure - results.
14  supramolecular polymers
(21 times)
Chemistry
(18 times)
CPT (3 times)
CSPs (2 times)
OEG (2 times)
2015 Probing into the Supramolecular Driving Force of an Amphiphilic beta-Cyclodextrin Dimer in Various Solvents: Host-Guest Recognition or Hydrophilic-Hydrophobic Interaction?
15  slow progressors
(19 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(6 times)
RPs (8 times)
FPs (3 times)
HIV-1 (3 times)
1996 Novel, cross-restricted, conserved, and immunodominant cytotoxic T lymphocyte epitopes in slow progressors in HIV type 1 infection.
16  service providers
(18 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
IoT (2 times)
AI (1 time)
CAF (1 time)
2009 Opportunities for enhancing and integrating HIV and drug services for drug using vulnerable populations in South Africa.
17  spherical particles
(18 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
TMV (9 times)
NTA (2 times)
PVX (2 times)
2005 Expression and molecular characterization of spherical particles derived from the genome of the hyperthermophilic euryarchaeote Pyrococcus furiosus.
18  slow potentials
(17 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
CDR (2 times)
AVNRT (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
1976 Regulation of slow potential shifts in nucleus reticularis thalami by the mesencephalic reticular formation and the frontal granular cortex.
19  stress proteins
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
CR (2 times)
HSPs (2 times)
Mr (2 times)
1989 Differential phosphate labeling of stress protein polypeptides in toxic dose response during S-phase of mouse lymphoma cells: a micro-electrophoretic study.
20  stationary phases
(15 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(14 times)
GC (5 times)
ILs (5 times)
HILIC (4 times)
2008 Fullerene-impregnated ionic liquid stationary phases for gas chromatography.
21  semiconducting polymers
(13 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
SPNs (4 times)
NIR (3 times)
PTT (3 times)
2016 Self-quenched semiconducting polymer nanoparticles for amplified invivo photoacoustic imaging.
22  secreted proteins
(12 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(3 times)
SNP (4 times)
Pt (3 times)
Avr (2 times)
2009 Secreted proteins of Avibacterium paragallinarum are lethal for chicken embryo.
23  sphingolipids
(12 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
GPs (4 times)
GLs (3 times)
FAs (2 times)
2012 Quantitative analysis of the lipidomes of the influenza virus envelope and MDCK cell apical membrane.
24  spinous processes
(12 times)
Chiropractic
(2 times)
TPs (3 times)
AX (2 times)
ML (2 times)
2003 Neuromechanical characterization of in vivo lumbar spinal manipulation. Part I. Vertebral motion.
25  specialists
(11 times)
Primary Health Care
(2 times)
GPs (6 times)
CI (2 times)
HCPs (2 times)
1995 Do widowers use the health care system differently? Does intervention make a difference?
26  subpopulations
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
CD (3 times)
cHCECs (3 times)
CST (2 times)
1984 Correlation of lung macrophage age and surface antigen in the hamster.
27  support persons
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AD (1 time)
AIBL (1 time)
AWDs (1 time)
2008 Cardiovascular risk education and social support (CaRESS): report of a randomized controlled trial from the Kentucky Ambulatory Network (KAN).
28  silica particles
(9 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ALP (1 time)
BCSPs (1 time)
BMP-2 (1 time)
2000 Mechanism for uptake of silica particles by monocytic U937 cells.
29  smartphones
(9 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ADLs (1 time)
ALAN (1 time)
AMDs (1 time)
2016 Fall-detection solution for mobile platforms using accelerometer and gyroscope data.
30  specialist physicians
(9 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GPs (7 times)
ICs (2 times)
NCD (2 times)
2004 ECG interpretation during the acute phase of coronary syndromes: in need of improvement?
31  Sulfated polysaccharides
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
EPS (1 time)
IL (1 time)
LMSG (1 time)
2015 Biochemical characteristics and antioxidant activity of crude and purified sulfated polysaccharides from Gracilaria fisheri.
32  surgical procedures
(9 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
INICC (5 times)
SSIs (5 times)
CDC-NHSN (4 times)
2002 Length of hospital stay and cost of Staphylococcus and Streptococcus infections among hospitalized patients.
33  substrate proteins
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
KPM (1 time)
SBP (1 time)
TBR (1 time)
2003 Annealing function of GroEL: structural and bioinformatic analysis.
34  schizophrenia patients
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HCs (2 times)
CCHS (1 time)
DCM (1 time)
2007 Association between T102C and A-1438G polymorphisms in the serotonin receptor 2A (5-HT2A) gene and schizophrenia: relevance for treatment with antipsychotic drugs.
35  side populations
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CSCs (4 times)
EMT (1 time)
HBE (1 time)
2011 Side population is increased in paclitaxel-resistant ovarian cancer cell lines regardless of resistance to cisplatin.
36  storage proteins
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AGs (1 time)
BmSPs (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2010 Identification of three host translation inhibitory factors encoded in Cotesia glomerata bracovirus.
37  summating potentials
(7 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
AN (2 times)
CMs (2 times)
ABR (1 time)
1981 Meniere's disease and the summating potential. II. Vestibular test results.
38  surfactant-associated proteins
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
Aqp1 (1 time)
ATII (1 time)
2002 Pathogenomic mechanisms for particulate matter induction of acute lung injury and inflammation in mice.
39  synthetic peptides
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
RV (2 times)
FF (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
1993 Identification of immunoreactive regions of rubella virus E1 and E2 envelope proteins by using synthetic peptides.
40  simulated participants
(6 times)
Education
(2 times)
CCVS (1 time)
OSCEs (1 time)
SBE (1 time)
2018 Values and value in simulated participant methodology: A global perspective on contemporary practices.
41  specific phobias
(6 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
CSRs (1 time)
OST (1 time)
OST-A (1 time)
2012 Functional neuroimaging in specific phobia.
42  Specificity proteins
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
KLFs (3 times)
CB (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
2015 C2H2 zinc finger proteins of the SP/KLF, Wilms tumor, EGR, Huckebein, and Klumpfuss families in metazoans and beyond.
43  subviral particles
(6 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
TBEV (3 times)
ELISA (2 times)
TBE (2 times)
2006 Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for serological diagnosis of tick-borne encephalitis using subviral particles.
44  suspended particles
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
AChE (1 time)
AZP (1 time)
CPF (1 time)
2007 Inhibition of rainbow trout acetylcholinesterase by aqueous and suspended particle-associated organophosphorous insecticides.
45  salivary proteins
(5 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
beta-LG (1 time)
CMI (1 time)
PBMC (1 time)
2000 Salivary proteins of aphids, a pilot study on identification, separation and immunolocalisation.
46  sharp potentials
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
Ent (2 times)
BL (1 time)
EPSP (1 time)
1989 Spherical splines for scalp potential and current density mapping.
47  soy proteins
(5 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
CD (1 time)
EOs (1 time)
LCPH (1 time)
2019 Enhancing the thermal stability of soy proteins by preheat treatment at lower protein concentration.
48  stationary points
(5 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
BIT (1 time)
PESs (1 time)
RH (1 time)
1988 [Propagation of the activity along the "stepping strip" of the spinal cord in the cat].
49  streaming potentials
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
APTMS (1 time)
GO (1 time)
GO-capillary (1 time)
1992 A comparative analysis of streaming potentials in vivo and in vitro.
50  structural proteins
(5 times)
Virology
(2 times)
NSPs (2 times)
BpRV1 (1 time)
dsRNA (1 time)
2005 Analysis of the immune response to FMDV structural and non-structural proteins in cattle in Argentina by the combined use of liquid phase and 3ABC-ELISA tests.
51  sandwich-like proteins
(4 times)
Science
(3 times)
SSS (2 times)
2002 Common features in structures and sequences of sandwich-like proteins.
52  Serine proteinases
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
cSPs (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
OBs (1 time)
2003 The effects of serine proteinase inhibitors on bone resorption in vitro.
53  sexual partners
(4 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(3 times)
anti-HBc (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HBsAg (1 time)
2010 Female sexual partners of injection drug users in Vietnam: an at-risk population in urgent need of HIV prevention services.
54  slow phases
(4 times)
Vision Disorders
(2 times)
OKN (3 times)
QPs (3 times)
QPIDs (1 time)
2001 Role of cerebellar nodulus and uvula on the vestibular quick phase spatial constancy.
55  software packages
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
MBF (2 times)
MFR (2 times)
DCE-MRI (1 time)
2014 Quantification of myocardial blood flow in absolute terms using (82)Rb PET imaging: the RUBY-10 Study.
56  soluble products
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
DCs (2 times)
TLR4 (2 times)
CCL (1 time)
2012 Trichuris suis-induced modulation of human dendritic cell function is glycan-mediated.
57  specific peptides
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
EC (3 times)
DME (1 time)
MEX (1 time)
2007 Functional representation of enzymes by specific peptides.
58  spectral patterns
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EEG (2 times)
2005 Interictal EEG as a physiological adaptation. Part I. Composition of brain oscillations in interictal EEG.
59  speech pathologists
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AFT (1 time)
DNs (1 time)
FNL (1 time)
2014 A narrative analysis of a speech pathologist's work with Indigenous Australians with acquired communication disorders.
60  study partners
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
ADNI (1 time)
BHR (1 time)
2018 The Effect of Using Geosocial Networking Apps on the HIV Incidence Rate Among Men Who Have Sex With Men: Eighteen-Month Prospective Cohort Study in Shenyang, China.
61  system parameters
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ASTF (1 time)
BBN (1 time)
CPs (1 time)
2004 Respirometric evaluation by graphical analysis for microbial systems.
62  safety professionals
(3 times)
Research
(1 time)
EFA (1 time)
HMS (1 time)
ICSR (1 time)
2011 The roles and functions of safety professionals in Taiwan: Comparing the perceptions of safety professionals and safety educators.
63  scaffolding proteins
(3 times)
Virology
(1 time)
dsDNA (1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2019 Architect of Virus Assembly: the Portal Protein Nucleates Procapsid Assembly in Bacteriophage P22.
64  Schneiderian papillomas
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
HPV (3 times)
CISH (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1999 Relationship of human papillomavirus to Schneiderian papillomas.
65  self-assembled supraparticles
(3 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
ND (2 times)
ND-SP (1 time)
NDs (1 time)
2019 Amphipathic Nanodiamond Supraparticles for Anticancer Drug Loading and Delivery.
66  sensory proteins
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
SP (1 time)
SPI (1 time)
2020 Can Pathogenic and Nonpathogenic Bacteria Be Distinguished by Sensory Protein Abundance?
67  serotonergic psychedelics
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AMPAR (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
2020 Ketamine and Serotonergic Psychedelics: Common Mechanisms Underlying the Effects of Rapid-Acting Antidepressants.
68  sex pheromones
(3 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
FADS (1 time)
SPC (1 time)
2015 Evolution of moth sex pheromone composition by a single amino acid substitution in a fatty acid desaturase.
69  short peptides
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
HNSCC (1 time)
LPs (1 time)
2010 Peptide length extension skews the minor HA-1 antigen presentation toward activated dendritic cells but reduces its presentation efficiency.
70  signal probes
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CPs (3 times)
ctDNA (1 time)
HAC (1 time)
2017 Free-Energy-Driven Lock/Open Assembly-Based Optical DNA Sensor for Cancer-Related microRNA Detection with a Shortened Time-to-Result.
71  signaling pathways
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
GSEA (1 time)
2017 A systems medicine approach for finding target proteins affecting treatment outcomes in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
72  signaling peptides
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
DHB (1 time)
2008 One-step sampling, extraction, and storage protocol for peptidomics using dihydroxybenzoic Acid.
73  single potentials
(3 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AF (2 times)
BB (2 times)
PVA (2 times)
2001 Transient spinal inhibition induced by electrical stimulation of the rat brain.
74  singularity points
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
HDF (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AFL (1 time)
2014 Body surface localization of left and right atrial high-frequency rotors in atrial fibrillation patients: a clinical-computational study.
75  sleep problems
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
CCSAs (1 time)
CSHQ-S (1 time)
2013 "They silently live in terror…" why sleep problems and night-time related quality-of-life are missed in children with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
76  slow cortical potentials
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
REM (2 times)
SWS (2 times)
EEG (1 time)
1990 Biofeedback-produced hemispheric asymmetry of slow cortical potentials and its behavioural effects.
77  small proteins
(3 times)
Genetic Phenomena
(1 time)
AAs (1 time)
MPs (1 time)
RBS (1 time)
2014 Small proteins: untapped area of potential biological importance.
78  solitary pulses
(3 times)
Physics
(1 time)
CGL (1 time)
GVD (1 time)
2007 Moving and colliding pulses in the subcritical Ginzburg-Landau model with a standing-wave drive.
79  spike potentials
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
EEG (2 times)
iGBRs (1 time)
MMCs (1 time)
1984 Chronic electrical activity of cat intestine.
80  spiropyrans
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
EDS (1 time)
FT-IR (1 time)
HRTEM (1 time)
2015 Optical nanoimaging for block copolymer self-assembly.
81  starch particles
(3 times)
Chemical Phenomena
(3 times)
CPB (1 time)
Dp (1 time)
FFs (1 time)
2018 Starch Particles, Energy Harvesting, and the "Goldilocks Effect".
82  Stokes parameters
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
BCH (1 time)
FM (1 time)
GSPs (1 time)
2013 Helical-core fiber analog of a quarter-wave plate for orbital angular momentum.
83  stroke patients
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BD-VGT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
ER-VGT (1 time)
2012 Different patterns of language activation in post-stroke aphasia are detected by overt and covert versions of the verb generation fMRI task.
84  stroke physicians
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
IV rt-PA (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2009 Increasing number of stroke specialists should contribute to utilization of IV rt-PA: results of questionnaires from 1,466 hospitals in Japan.
85  submicron-particles
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
cTnI (1 time)
HPMCP (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2011 Development of enteric submicron particles formulation of alpha-amylase for oral delivery.
86  surface proteins
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases, Emerging
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
IgG (1 time)
IL-5 (1 time)
2006 Characterization of SP41, a surface protein of Brucella associated with adherence and invasion of host epithelial cells.
87  sweet potatoes
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
EPR (1 time)
OFSP (1 time)
SPFs (1 time)
2016 Effect of drying conditions on properties, pigments and antioxidant activity retentions of pretreated orange and purple-fleshed sweet potato flours.
88  symptomatic patients
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HTLV-1 (2 times)
ACs (1 time)
ATL (1 time)
2000 Severe dysphagia after laparoscopic fundoplication: usefulness of barium meal examination to identify causes other than tight fundoplication--a prospective study.
89  sampling patterns
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BASS (1 time)
NRMSE (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2021 Fast data-driven learning of parallel MRI sampling patterns for large scale problems.
90  sarcoplasmic proteins
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
MPs (2 times)
WHC (1 time)
2021 Effect of sarcoplasmic proteins oxidation on the gel properties of myofibrillar proteins from pork muscles.
91  school psychologists
(2 times)
Education, Special
(1 time)
HL (1 time)
SLPs (1 time)
UK (1 time)
2015 Facilitators and barriers to the provision of therapeutic interventions by school psychologists.
92  scientific papers
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
EAN (1 time)
NSs (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2019 The association between quality measures of medical university press releases and their corresponding news stories-Important information missing.
93  sclerosing pneumocytomas
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
ECS (1 time)
2019 Ectopic ACTH Syndrome With Association of Multiple Pulmonary Sclerosing Pneumocytomas and Multiple Carcinoid Tumorlets.
94  screening programs
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BCCP (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2006 Outcomes among women younger than age 40 in a state breast cancer screening program.
95  senior physicians
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
CPs (1 time)
CT (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2020 How Do Hospital Medical and Nursing Managers Perceive Work-Related Strain on Their Employees?
96  sequence polymorphisms
(2 times)
Hematologic Tests
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
RFLPs (1 time)
1995 The chromosomal region which includes the recombinator cog in Neurospora crassa is highly polymorphic.
97  seropositives
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HCs (2 times)
VitD (2 times)
hBD (1 time)
2013 High transcript levels of vitamin D receptor are correlated with higher mRNA expression of human beta defensins and IL-10 in mucosa of HIV-1-exposed seronegative individuals.
98  sex partners
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
SE (1 time)
2009 Disclosure of serostatus to sex partners among HIV-positive men and women in Hawaii.
99  silk proteins
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
SF (2 times)
GMA (1 time)
ILS (1 time)
2021 Immune Response to Silk Sericin-Fibroin Composites: Potential Immunogenic Elements and Alternatives for Immunomodulation.
100  simulated persons
(2 times)
Education, Medical
(1 time)
--- 2020 Implementing Virtual Simulated Person Methodology to Support the Shift to Online Learning: Technical Report.