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Abbreviation: SPs
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Long forms: 274

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
standardized patients
(283 times)
Education
(117 times)
OSCE (27 times)
OSCEs (10 times)
CPX (8 times)
0 A Novel Approach to Simulation-Based Education for Veterinary Medical Communication Training Over Eight Consecutive Pre-Clinical Quarters.
senile plaques
(156 times)
Neurology
(82 times)
AD (118 times)
NFTs (88 times)
CAA (20 times)
1988 Correlation of phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy and morphologic findings in Alzheimer's disease.
simulated patients
(83 times)
Education
(46 times)
GPs (4 times)
OSCE (4 times)
JSPPPE (3 times)
1998 Interpersonal styles of nurse practitioner students during simulated patient encounters.
surface plasmons
(78 times)
Ophthalmology
(33 times)
FDTD (4 times)
NPs (3 times)
PL (3 times)
2004 Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells.
surfactant proteins
(78 times)
Molecular Biology
(13 times)
LPS (6 times)
IL (3 times)
RDS (3 times)
1989 Expression of the 35kDa and low molecular weight surfactant-associated proteins in the lungs of infants dying with respiratory distress syndrome.
sulfated polysaccharides
(39 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
APTT (2 times)
CPS (2 times)
CsA (2 times)
1986 Respective role of antithrombin III and heparin cofactor II in the in vitro anticoagulant effect of heparin and of various sulphated polysaccharides.
synthetic pyrethroids
(35 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
OPs (7 times)
BF (6 times)
cis-BF (4 times)
1999 Treatment of psoroptic mange with reference to epidemiology and history.
signal peptides
(26 times)
Biotechnology
(11 times)
ORFs (2 times)
TMs (2 times)
aa (1 time)
2003 Optimization of signal peptide SP310 for heterologous protein production in Lactococcus lactis.
serine proteases
(25 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
SPHs (3 times)
EST (2 times)
PPAF (2 times)
1993 Cloning of the cDNA encoding human brain trypsinogen and characterization of its product.
10  serrated polyps
(25 times)
Gastroenterology
(12 times)
CRC (10 times)
HP (5 times)
CI (3 times)
2012 Endoscopic appearance of proximal colorectal neoplasms and potential implications for colonoscopy in cancer prevention.
11  silent periods
(22 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
MEPs (10 times)
TMS (10 times)
APB (4 times)
1976 Reflex activity in the masseter muscle of young individuals. I. Experimental procedure - results.
12  slow progressors
(18 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(6 times)
RPs (8 times)
HIV-1 (3 times)
LTNPs (3 times)
1996 Novel, cross-restricted, conserved, and immunodominant cytotoxic T lymphocyte epitopes in slow progressors in HIV type 1 infection.
13  slow potentials
(16 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CDR (2 times)
AVNRT (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
1976 Regulation of slow potential shifts in nucleus reticularis thalami by the mesencephalic reticular formation and the frontal granular cortex.
14  Serine proteases
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
SPHs (6 times)
LPS (2 times)
PGN (2 times)
1992 Identification of cDNAs encoding two novel rat pancreatic serine proteases.
15  stress proteins
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
HSPs (2 times)
Mr (2 times)
RA (2 times)
1989 Differential phosphate labeling of stress protein polypeptides in toxic dose response during S-phase of mouse lymphoma cells: a micro-electrophoretic study.
16  supraparticles
(14 times)
Nanotechnology
(7 times)
NPs (5 times)
NCs (2 times)
NRs (2 times)
2009 Cylindrical superparticles from semiconductor nanorods.
17  standard precautions
(13 times)
Communicable Diseases
(8 times)
HCWs (3 times)
NSs (2 times)
BBPs (1 time)
2007 Standard precautions in the pediatric emergency department: knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of pediatric and emergency medicine residents.
18  spherical particles
(11 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
TMV (7 times)
NTA (2 times)
PVX (2 times)
2005 Expression and molecular characterization of spherical particles derived from the genome of the hyperthermophilic euryarchaeote Pyrococcus furiosus.
19  service providers
(9 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
NWT (2 times)
PHC (2 times)
SUs (2 times)
2010 Opportunities for enhancing and integrating HIV and drug services for drug using vulnerable populations in South Africa.
20  surgical procedures
(9 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
INICC (5 times)
SSIs (5 times)
CDC-NHSN (4 times)
2002 Length of hospital stay and cost of Staphylococcus and Streptococcus infections among hospitalized patients.
21  spinous processes
(8 times)
Chiropractic
(2 times)
AX (2 times)
ML (2 times)
PA (2 times)
2003 Neuromechanical characterization of in vivo lumbar spinal manipulation. Part I. Vertebral motion.
22  silica particles
(7 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CPs (1 time)
CRs (1 time)
Dp (1 time)
2000 Mechanism for uptake of silica particles by monocytic U937 cells.
23  specialists
(7 times)
Quality of Health Care
(1 time)
GPs (4 times)
AQLQ (1 time)
CME (1 time)
1995 Do widowers use the health care system differently? Does intervention make a difference?
24  stationary phases
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(7 times)
GC (3 times)
ILs (3 times)
HILIC (2 times)
2008 Fullerene-impregnated ionic liquid stationary phases for gas chromatography.
25  side populations
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CSCs (3 times)
EMT (1 time)
HBE (1 time)
2011 Side population is increased in paclitaxel-resistant ovarian cancer cell lines regardless of resistance to cisplatin.
26  Signal peptides
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AZ (1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
Euk (1 time)
1994 The COOH-terminal ends of internal signal and signal-anchor sequences are positioned differently in the ER translocase.
27  specialist physicians
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
GPs (5 times)
ACh-Sed (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
2004 ECG interpretation during the acute phase of coronary syndromes: in need of improvement?
28  subpopulations
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
CD (3 times)
cHCECs (3 times)
CST (2 times)
1984 Correlation of lung macrophage age and surface antigen in the hamster.
29  substrate proteins
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
KPM (1 time)
SBP (1 time)
TBR (1 time)
2003 Annealing function of GroEL: structural and bioinformatic analysis.
30  summating potentials
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
AN (2 times)
ABR (1 time)
ANSD (1 time)
1981 Meniere's disease and the summating potential. II. Vestibular test results.
31  surfactant-associated proteins
(6 times)
Histology
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
AQP1 (1 time)
BAP (1 time)
2001 Pathogenomic mechanisms for particulate matter induction of acute lung injury and inflammation in mice.
32  semiconducting polymers
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
NIR (2 times)
PAI (2 times)
PTT (2 times)
2017 Self-quenched semiconducting polymer nanoparticles for amplified invivo photoacoustic imaging.
33  sexual partners
(5 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(4 times)
HCMC (1 time)
IDUs (1 time)
PWID (1 time)
2009 Disclosure of serostatus to sex partners among HIV-positive men and women in Hawaii.
34  specific phobias
(5 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
CSRs (1 time)
OST-A (1 time)
2012 Functional neuroimaging in specific phobia.
35  streaming potentials
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
APTMS (1 time)
GO (1 time)
GO-capillary (1 time)
1992 A comparative analysis of streaming potentials in vivo and in vitro.
36  subviral particles
(5 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
TBEV (3 times)
TBE (2 times)
EdIII (1 time)
2006 Development of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for serological diagnosis of tick-borne encephalitis using subviral particles.
37  Sulfated polysaccharides
(5 times)
Virology
(1 time)
MeV (1 time)
PPs (1 time)
SeNPs (1 time)
2016 Biochemical characteristics and antioxidant activity of crude and purified sulfated polysaccharides from Gracilaria fisheri.
38  supramolecular polymers
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
beta-CD (1 time)
BSPs (1 time)
IBU (1 time)
2015 Probing into the Supramolecular Driving Force of an Amphiphilic beta-Cyclodextrin Dimer in Various Solvents: Host-Guest Recognition or Hydrophilic-Hydrophobic Interaction?
39  sandwich-like proteins
(4 times)
Science
(3 times)
SSS (2 times)
2002 Common features in structures and sequences of sandwich-like proteins.
40  scalp potentials
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
Ent (2 times)
BL (1 time)
EPSP (1 time)
1989 Spherical splines for scalp potential and current density mapping.
41  secreted proteins
(4 times)
Science
(2 times)
AM (1 time)
LRR (1 time)
RLPs (1 time)
2008 Secreted proteins of Avibacterium paragallinarum are lethal for chicken embryo.
42  slow phases
(4 times)
Vision Disorders
(2 times)
OKN (3 times)
QPs (3 times)
QPIDs (1 time)
2001 Role of cerebellar nodulus and uvula on the vestibular quick phase spatial constancy.
43  specific peptides
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
EC (3 times)
DME (1 time)
MEX (1 time)
2007 Functional representation of enzymes by specific peptides.
44  spectral patterns
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EEG (2 times)
2006 Interictal EEG as a physiological adaptation. Part I. Composition of brain oscillations in interictal EEG.
45  standardized participants
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CAT (1 time)
ED (1 time)
MAVAS (1 time)
2007 Integration of standardized patients into simulation.
46  stepping points
(4 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
BIT (1 time)
RH (1 time)
SPORT (1 time)
1988 [Propagation of the activity along the "stepping strip" of the spinal cord in the cat].
47  storage proteins
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
EP (1 time)
EPM (1 time)
ES (1 time)
2009 Identification of three host translation inhibitory factors encoded in Cotesia glomerata bracovirus.
48  structural proteins
(4 times)
Host-Parasite Interactions
(1 time)
BpRV1 (1 time)
dsRNA (1 time)
FMDV (1 time)
2006 Analysis of the immune response to FMDV structural and non-structural proteins in cattle in Argentina by the combined use of liquid phase and 3ABC-ELISA tests.
49  system parameters
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ASTF (1 time)
BBN (1 time)
CPs (1 time)
2004 Respirometric evaluation by graphical analysis for microbial systems.
50  safety professionals
(3 times)
Environmental Exposure
(1 time)
EFA (1 time)
HMS (1 time)
ICSR (1 time)
2011 The roles and functions of safety professionals in Taiwan: Comparing the perceptions of safety professionals and safety educators.
51  salivary proteins
(3 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
beta-LG (1 time)
CMI (1 time)
PBMC (1 time)
2000 Salivary proteins of aphids, a pilot study on identification, separation and immunolocalisation.
52  schizophrenia patients
(3 times)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
ERPs (1 time)
fNIRS (1 time)
HABs (1 time)
2007 Association between T102C and A-1438G polymorphisms in the serotonin receptor 2A (5-HT2A) gene and schizophrenia: relevance for treatment with antipsychotic drugs.
53  schizophrenic patients
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CCHS (1 time)
DCM (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2013 Bipolar patients sing more in singapore: singing as a signal for mania in psychotic patients.
54  Schneiderian papillomas
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
HPV (3 times)
CISH (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1999 Relationship of human papillomavirus to Schneiderian papillomas.
55  short peptides
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
HNSCC (1 time)
LPs (1 time)
2010 Peptide length extension skews the minor HA-1 antigen presentation toward activated dendritic cells but reduces its presentation efficiency.
56  signaling peptides
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
DHB (1 time)
2008 One-step sampling, extraction, and storage protocol for peptidomics using dihydroxybenzoic Acid.
57  slow cortical potentials
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
REM (2 times)
SWS (2 times)
EEG (1 time)
1990 Biofeedback-produced hemispheric asymmetry of slow cortical potentials and its behavioural effects.
58  small proteins
(3 times)
Genetic Phenomena
(1 time)
AAs (1 time)
MPs (1 time)
RBS (1 time)
2013 Small proteins: untapped area of potential biological importance.
59  solitary pulses
(3 times)
Optics and Photonics
(1 time)
CGL (1 time)
GVD (1 time)
2007 Moving and colliding pulses in the subcritical Ginzburg-Landau model with a standing-wave drive.
60  soluble products
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
DCs (2 times)
TLR4 (2 times)
CCL (1 time)
2013 Trichuris suis-induced modulation of human dendritic cell function is glycan-mediated.
61  Specificity proteins
(3 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
KLFs (2 times)
CB (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
2015 C2H2 zinc finger proteins of the SP/KLF, Wilms tumor, EGR, Huckebein, and Klumpfuss families in metazoans and beyond.
62  sphingolipids
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
FAs (1 time)
GLs (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
2012 Quantitative analysis of the lipidomes of the influenza virus envelope and MDCK cell apical membrane.
63  spike potentials
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
EEG (2 times)
iGBRs (1 time)
MMCs (1 time)
1984 Chronic electrical activity of cat intestine.
64  stroke physicians
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
IV rt-PA (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2009 Increasing number of stroke specialists should contribute to utilization of IV rt-PA: results of questionnaires from 1,466 hospitals in Japan.
65  submicron-particles
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
cTnI (1 time)
HPMCP (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2013 Development of enteric submicron particles formulation of alpha-amylase for oral delivery.
66  surface proteins
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases, Emerging
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
IgG (1 time)
IL-5 (1 time)
2006 Characterization of SP41, a surface protein of Brucella associated with adherence and invasion of host epithelial cells.
67  synthetic peptides
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
RV (2 times)
IRMA (1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
1993 Identification of immunoreactive regions of rubella virus E1 and E2 envelope proteins by using synthetic peptides.
68  sequence polymorphisms
(2 times)
Hematologic Tests
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
RFLPs (1 time)
1995 The chromosomal region which includes the recombinator cog in Neurospora crassa is highly polymorphic.
69  seropositives
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HCs (2 times)
VitD (2 times)
hBD (1 time)
2013 High transcript levels of vitamin D receptor are correlated with higher mRNA expression of human beta defensins and IL-10 in mucosa of HIV-1-exposed seronegative individuals.
70  sex pheromones
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
FADS (1 time)
SPC (1 time)
2015 Evolution of moth sex pheromone composition by a single amino acid substitution in a fatty acid desaturase.
71  signal peptidases
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SPC (1 time)
SPC21 (1 time)
2003 Genetic complementation in yeast reveals functional similarities between the catalytic subunits of mammalian signal peptidase complex.
72  slow brain potentials
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CMT (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
TCMS (1 time)
1995 Simultaneous recording of slow brain potentials and transcranial magnetic stimulation of hand area in human motor cortex.
73  smear preparations
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
SB (1 time)
2005 An analysis of stereotactic biopsy of brain tumors and nonneoplastic lesions: a prospective clinicopathologic study.
74  software packages
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
DCE-MRI (1 time)
IAUGC (1 time)
ICCs (1 time)
2014 Quantification of myocardial blood flow in absolute terms using (82)Rb PET imaging: the RUBY-10 Study.
75  soluble phenolics
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ABTS (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
2012 Cadmium accumulation and strategies to avoid its toxicity in roots of the citrus rootstock Citrumelo.
76  sorption promoters
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
KRB (2 times)
CPS (1 time)
CsA (1 time)
2002 LC determination of cephalosporins in in vitro rat intestinal sac absorption model.
77  speech pathologists
(2 times)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
AFT (1 time)
DNs (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2014 The Adapted Fresno test for speech pathologists, social workers, and dieticians/nutritionists: validation and reliability testing.
78  sperm-specific basic nuclear proteins
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Synthesis of sperm-specific basic nuclear proteins (SPs) in cultured spermatids from Xenopus laevis.
79  spherule cells
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
GRs (2 times)
PLs (2 times)
PRs (2 times)
2010 Changes in the haemocytes of Agrotis ipsilon larvae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in relation to dimilin and Bacillus thuringiensis infections.
80  splenic cells
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ADs (2 times)
LAF1 (1 time)
NEs (1 time)
1992 Mitogenic activities of heteroglycan and heteroglycan-protein fractions from culture medium of Lentinus edodes mycelia.
81  stabilization ponds
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BCWs (1 time)
C/N (1 time)
GIS (1 time)
2007 Use of GIS in siting stabilization pond facilities for domestic wastewater treatment.
82  Stokes parameters
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
FM (1 time)
GSPs (1 time)
HBT (1 time)
2013 Helical-core fiber analog of a quarter-wave plate for orbital angular momentum.
83  stroke patients
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BD-VGT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
ER-VGT (1 time)
2012 Different patterns of language activation in post-stroke aphasia are detected by overt and covert versions of the verb generation fMRI task.
84  stump pressure
(2 times)
Vascular Surgical Procedures
(2 times)
CEA (2 times)
GA (1 time)
GE (1 time)
2010 Wake-up test decrease shunts insertion during carotid endarterectomy under general anesthesia.
85  Styrenated phenols
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
DSP (2 times)
SP-A (1 time)
2018 A Study on H₂SO₄-Treated MxOy Catalysts for Styrenated Phenols by Alkylation of Phenol with Styrene.
86  subcutaneous ports
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
EVCs (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2013 A comparison of central lines in pediatric oncology patients: Early removal and patient centered outcomes.
87  support persons
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CaRESS (1 time)
DCE (1 time)
KAN (1 time)
2008 Cardiovascular risk education and social support (CaRESS): report of a randomized controlled trial from the Kentucky Ambulatory Network (KAN).
88  surface polaritons
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ARG (1 time)
FEM (1 time)
NIMM (1 time)
2012 Infrared surface polaritons on antimony.
89  surfactant derived proteins
(2 times)
Respiratory Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BNP (1 time)
CPET (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2014 Surfactant-derived proteins as markers of alveolar membrane damage in heart failure.
90  suspended particles
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
AChE (1 time)
AZP (1 time)
CPF (1 time)
2007 Inhibition of rainbow trout acetylcholinesterase by aqueous and suspended particle-associated organophosphorous insecticides.
91  symptomatic patients
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACs (1 time)
ATLL (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2000 Severe dysphagia after laparoscopic fundoplication: usefulness of barium meal examination to identify causes other than tight fundoplication--a prospective study.
92  synaptic profiles
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
RER (1 time)
SVONs (1 time)
SVs (1 time)
1988 Ultrastructural changes in vestibulo-ocular neurons following vestibular neurectomy in the cat.
93  synthetic pyrethroid pesticides
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
3-PBA (1 time)
GC/MS (1 time)
SPE (1 time)
2016 Occurrence, compositional distribution, and toxicity assessment of pyrethroid insecticides in sediments from the fluvial systems of Chaohu Lake, Eastern China.
94  residues-stability patches
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 The role of protein "Stability patches" in molecular recognition: A case study of the human growth hormone-receptor complex.
95  S potentials
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
LGN (1 time)
1995 Transfer characteristics of lateral geniculate nucleus X neurons in the cat: effects of spatial frequency and contrast.
96  S-phase
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
Mr (1 time)
1989 Differential [32P]-labeling of chemically induced stress proteins in S-phase mouse lymphoma cells.
97  sacral plexopathies
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
SNAPs (1 time)
2007 Pitfalls in the electrodiagnostic studies of sacral plexopathies.
98  Safe Practices
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
AIIMS (1 time)
CFOs (1 time)
CZD (1 time)
2009 The chasing zero department: making idealized design a reality.
99  safety pins
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FB (1 time)
2007 Foreign body ingestion in children: an analysis of pediatric surgical practice.
100  sampling populations
(1 time)
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
(1 time)
WF (1 time)
2015 Detecting a hierarchical genetic population structure: the case study of the Fire Salamander (Salamandra salamandra) in Northern Italy.