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Abbreviation: SP
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
surfactant protein
(605 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(179 times)
LPS (29 times)
IL (24 times)
BALF (22 times)
1990 Enhancement of biophysical activity of lung surfactant extracts and phospholipid-apoprotein mixtures by surfactant protein A.
signal peptide
(218 times)
Molecular Biology
(42 times)
ER (23 times)
aa (8 times)
TM (8 times)
1989 Complete nucleotide sequence of immunogenic protein MPB70 from Mycobacterium bovis BCG.
Streptococcus pneumoniae
(218 times)
Pediatrics
(45 times)
Hi (33 times)
Nm (18 times)
HiB (15 times)
1984 An evaluation of latex particle agglutination to detect antigenemia in children.
serine protease
(106 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(25 times)
CCP (8 times)
proPO (6 times)
vWFA (6 times)
1988 Effect of serine proteinase from Staphylococcus aureus on in vitro stimulation of human lymphocytes.
spiropyran
(102 times)
Chemistry
(54 times)
MC (55 times)
TPE (6 times)
FRET (5 times)
1992 Kinetic study of the helix to coil dark reaction of poly(spiropyran-L-glutamate).
spironolactone
(72 times)
Pharmacology
(16 times)
MR (6 times)
ALDO (3 times)
CAN (3 times)
1977 Antihypertensive effect and serum potassium homeostasis: comparison of hydrochlorothiazide and spironolactone alone and in combination.
spleen
(71 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(33 times)
PP (23 times)
BM (15 times)
MLN (12 times)
1975 Presence and kinetics of sensitized cells in different tissue compartments.
serum proteins
(68 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(20 times)
MF (13 times)
SC (11 times)
UTP (5 times)
1977 Analysis of antibody response and immunoglobulins in sera of rabbits and guinea pigs immunized with Coxiella burnetii.
Spirulina platensis
(67 times)
Toxicology
(20 times)
MDA (12 times)
NO (10 times)
SOD (6 times)
2001 [Biological activity of Spirulina].
10  single-port
(64 times)
General Surgery
(25 times)
MP (10 times)
RARP (6 times)
RALP (4 times)
2006 Single-point velocity statistics of forced and decaying two-dimensional turbulence.
11  soluble protein
(48 times)
Environmental Health
(20 times)
MDA (13 times)
SOD (10 times)
Chl (9 times)
1981 Liver changes under combined effect of working environmental factors.
12  seropositive
(30 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
SN (18 times)
ESN (5 times)
HIV (5 times)
1989 Development of antibodies to HIV-1 is associated with an increase in circulating CD3+CD4-CD8- lymphocytes.
13  stump pressure
(30 times)
General Surgery
(19 times)
CEA (20 times)
EEG (8 times)
TCD (8 times)
1985 Techniques for temporary shunting of carotid arteries: experimental study in dogs.
14  small plaque
(27 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
LP (21 times)
FMDV (3 times)
BK (2 times)
1970 The effect of diethylaminoethyl dextran and agar overlay pH on plaque formation by two plaque-size variants of foot-and-mouth disease virus.
15  sphingomyelin
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PC (17 times)
PE (12 times)
PS (9 times)
1969 Phospholipases in arterial tissue. IV. The role of phosphatide acyl hydrolase, lysophosphatide acyl hydrolase, and sphingomyelin choline phosphohydrolase in the regulation of phospholipid composition in the normal human aorta with age.
16  sphingosine
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
PKC (6 times)
Cer (3 times)
RA (3 times)
1989 Na+-K+-ATPase is an effector protein for protein kinase C in renal proximal tubule cells.
17  splenius
(21 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
BC (6 times)
LD (5 times)
EMG (4 times)
1978 Direct excitation of neck motoneurons by interstitiospinal fibers.
18  spirulina
(19 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
SOD (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
2007 [The influence of Spirulina and Selen-Spirulina on some indexes of rat's immune status].
19  spiramycin
(18 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
Er (3 times)
OTC (3 times)
AMP (2 times)
1986 Macrolides and immunity: effects of erythromycin and spiramycin on human mononuclear cell proliferation.
20  septum
(12 times)
Brain
(4 times)
HC (3 times)
LV (3 times)
OB (3 times)
1975 Effect of cardiotonic and vasoactive drugs on transmural flow distribution and ventricular volume in the fibrillating heart on cardiopulmonary bypass.
21  spontaneously
(12 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AA (2 times)
ARTs (2 times)
LPP (2 times)
1998 Ultrasound evaluation of piglet diaphragm function before and after fatigue.
22  Staphylococcus pseudintermedius
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
SA (4 times)
MDR (3 times)
MICs (3 times)
2013 Clonal dynamics of nasal Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius in dog-owning household members. Detection of MSSA ST(398).
23  sulpiride
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
DA (2 times)
DNBS (2 times)
HPMC (2 times)
1978 The metabolites of 14C-sulpiride in the rat.
24  spike protein
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
NP (2 times)
SARS-CoV-2 (2 times)
ACE-2 (1 time)
1998 Immune response of sows vaccinated with attenuated transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) and recombinant TGEV spike protein vaccines and protection of their suckling pigs against virulent TGEV challenge exposure.
25  splenic
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
PP (3 times)
IFN (2 times)
IL (2 times)
1984 Immunoassay for bovine serum thymopoietin: discrimination from splenin by monoclonal antibodies.
26  secretory piece
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
PP (3 times)
3DMMRE (1 time)
AAS (1 time)
1969 The human secretory immunoglobulin system: immunohistoligical localization of gamma A, secretory "piece," and lactoferrin in normal human tissues.
27  specialists
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
GP (5 times)
GDP (3 times)
BP (1 time)
1996 [Motivations and expectations of physicians ordering an echocardiogram and the contribution of transthoracic echocardiography to the clinical practice. The Ligurian Group of the Italian Society of Cardiovascular Echography].
28  Spain
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
IT (3 times)
NL (2 times)
PT (2 times)
2008 Root-surface phosphatase activity in shrublands across a European gradient: effects of warming.
29  screening programme
(7 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
CC (1 time)
HMP (1 time)
1998 [Detection of cancer, sensitivity of the test and sensitivity of the screening program].
30  speed
(7 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
A-Ni-Ti (1 time)
CL (1 time)
CRs (1 time)
1992 Determination of maximal oxygen consumption in exercising pregnant sheep.
31  stimulating protein
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AP (3 times)
TSS (3 times)
AD (2 times)
1981 Molecular mechanisms of control of protein biosynthesis.
32  sorption
(6 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
SL (6 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
ATR (1 time)
2010 The effect of mouthrinses on salivary sorption, solubility and surface degradation of a nanofilled and a hybrid resin composite.
33  spinal cord
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AQP4 (2 times)
CMS (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1992 Anatomical and functional compartmentalization of the subparafascicular thalamic nucleus in the rat.
34  split point
(6 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
MA (3 times)
ACL (1 time)
CLBP (1 time)
1995 Effects of the platelet-activating factor receptor antagonist WEB 2086 on whole blood coagulation and fibrinolysis in a thromboelastography assay.
35  Spanish
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BASDAI (1 time)
BW (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2000 Effects of dietary protein concentration on postweaning growth of Boer crossbred and Spanish goat wethers.
36  sputum
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BL (2 times)
AFB (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
1990 [Bacteriologic study of lung infection in 47 cases of burns].
37  sphenoidal
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
NP (2 times)
AT (1 time)
MNS (1 time)
1986 Mesial temporal spikes: a simultaneous comparison of sphenoidal, nasopharyngeal, and ear electrodes.
38  sporopollenin
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BB (1 time)
D-R (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
2010 Isotherms and thermodynamics for the sorption of heavy metal ions onto functionalized sporopollenin.
39  scattering power
(3 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DOS (2 times)
CCD (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
2000 Optical scattering power for characterization of mineral loss.
40  scopoletin
(3 times)
Cell Death
(1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
GABA (1 time)
2015 Scopoletin protects against methylglyoxal-induced hyperglycemia and insulin resistance mediated by suppression of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) generation and anti-glycation.
41  spasmophilia
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
Ca (1 time)
CT (1 time)
CTS (1 time)
1989 [Katacalcin levels in healthy children and children with spasmophilia].
42  spiropyran derivative
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
POTs (1 time)
Tu (1 time)
Tu-SP (1 time)
2012 Reversible photodynamic chloride-selective sensor based on photochromic spiropyran.
43  splanchnic
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ATP (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1987 Alteration of blood flow distribution and vascular capacitance during induced hypotension in deafferented dogs.
44  Schizolobium parahyba
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
AKI (1 time)
BV (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2008 Neutralization of pharmacological and toxic activities of bothrops snake venoms by Schizolobium parahyba (Fabaceae) aqueous extract and its fractions.
45  separation
(2 times)
Child Development
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
i.e. nurturing (1 time)
muCT (1 time)
2009 Touching behaviors of infants of depressed mothers during normal and perturbed interactions.
46  sepiolite
(2 times)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
MMT (1 time)
PANI (1 time)
2016 Insightful understanding of the role of clay topology on the stability of biomimetic hybrid chitosan-clay thin films and CO2-dried porous aerogel microspheres.
47  serpentine
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
Aj (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
MB (1 time)
2005 Development of a novel system for producing ajmalicine and serpentine using direct culture of leaves in Catharanthus roseus intact plant.
48  spacing
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AMOPSO (1 time)
gBest (1 time)
MOPs (1 time)
2013 Micro-CT evaluation of bone defects: applications to osteolytic bone metastases, bone cysts, and fracture.
49  specific agonist
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PI 3-kinase (1 time)
1995 Ultrastructural study of substance P receptors in the dorsal horn of the rat spinal cord using monoclonal anti-complementary peptide antibody.
50  spirochetes
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
Aa (1 time)
B.i (1 time)
Ec (1 time)
1987 Morphological distribution of spirochetes in subgingival plaque from advanced marginal periodontitis in humans.
51  Spirulina maxima
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
DA (1 time)
HU (1 time)
MPTP (1 time)
2007 Spirulina maxima pretreatment partially protects against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine neurotoxicity.
52  spodium
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AJ (1 time)
BX (1 time)
CMP (1 time)
2013 Field evaluation of in situ remediation of Cd-contaminated soil using four additives, two foliar fertilisers and two varieties of pakchoi.
53  sporozoites
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1977 Crossreactivity with sporozoites, exoerythrocytic forms and blood schizonts of Plasmodium berghei in indirect fluorescent antibody tests with sera of rats immunized with sporozoites or infected blood.