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Abbreviation: Sp
Appearance Frequency: 1714 time(s)
Long forms: 157

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
specificity
(1110 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(163 times)
Se (710 times)
PPV (248 times)
Sn (232 times)
1983 [Algorithm in hepatology. Blind biopsy or laparoscopic biopsy?].
specificity protein
(146 times)
Neoplasms
(37 times)
ROS (15 times)
miR-27a (13 times)
TA (13 times)
2001 Transcriptional regulation of the human cystathionine beta-synthase -1b basal promoter: synergistic transactivation by transcription factors NF-Y and Sp1/Sp3.
spiroiminodihydantoin
(74 times)
Biochemistry
(35 times)
Gh (50 times)
8-oxoG (24 times)
OG (18 times)
2000 Removal of hydantoin products of 8-oxoguanine oxidation by the Escherichia coli DNA repair enzyme, FPG.
Schizosaccharomyces pombe
(36 times)
Molecular Biology
(22 times)
Sc (18 times)
aa (8 times)
ORC (3 times)
1995 Characterization of a new DNA polymerase from Schizosaccharomyces pombe: a probable homologue of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae DNA polymerase gamma.
splotch
(36 times)
Teratology
(12 times)
Spd (5 times)
NTDs (4 times)
ct (3 times)
1974 Proliferation in the neural tube of the splotch (Sp) mutant mouse.
spermine
(31 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
Spd (15 times)
PU (6 times)
Put (6 times)
1980 Age-related abnormalities of circulating polyamines and diamine oxidase activity in cystic fibrosis heterozygotes and homozygotes.
Streptococcus pyogenes
(20 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
AAV (3 times)
CRISPR (3 times)
PAM (3 times)
1988 The role of Haemophilus influenzae in the pathogenesis of tonsillar hypertrophy in children.
spectrin
(18 times)
Hematology
(12 times)
HE (8 times)
HPP (7 times)
HS (3 times)
1985 A new abnormal variant of spectrin in black patients with hereditary elliptocytosis.
spectinomycin
(17 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
Cm (5 times)
Su (4 times)
TC (3 times)
1975 Activity of eight antimicrobial agents in vitro against N. Gonorrhoeae.
10  phantom scatter factor
(14 times)
Biophysics
(7 times)
Sc (5 times)
FFF (2 times)
MLC (2 times)
1994 Measurements of phantom scatter factors for small field sizes in high energy x rays.
11  Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
(14 times)
Biology
(6 times)
Et (2 times)
Hp (2 times)
MDR (2 times)
1983 The increased phosphorylation of ribosomal protein S6 in Arbacia punctulata is not a universal event in the activation of sea urchin eggs.
12  S. pneumoniae
(9 times)
Science
(3 times)
Hi (3 times)
HiB (2 times)
Mc (2 times)
1993 Bacterial meningitis: diagnosis by latex agglutination test and clinical features.
13  specific protein
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
COLIA (1 time)
ERK (1 time)
2008 Association of COLIA1 Sp1 polymorphism with the effect of subcutaneously injected recombinant hGH in GH-deficient adults.
14  phantom scatter correction factors
(4 times)
Biology
(2 times)
CPE (2 times)
LSD (1 time)
1996 10 MV x-ray zero-area phantom scatter correction factors (Sp) obtained using three extrapolation methods.
15  specificity factor
(4 times)
Biology
(2 times)
COX (1 time)
PR (1 time)
Sr (1 time)
2011 Modelling ⁸O₂ and ⁶O₂ unidirectional fluxes in plants: I. regulation of pre-industrial atmosphere.
16  spondyloarthropathies
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
99mTc-HMPAO (1 time)
AS (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1993 HLA-B27 subtypes in the spondarthropathies.
17  sorption
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
SL (3 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
ATR (1 time)
2010 The effect of mouthrinses on salivary sorption, solubility and surface degradation of a nanofilled and a hybrid resin composite.
18  spikes
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
INs (1 time)
1983 [Relation between fast and slow elemental synaptic potentials in command neurons in Helix lucorum taurica L].
19  sporopollenin
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
D-R (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
EDTA (1 time)
2011 Isotherms and thermodynamics for the sorption of heavy metal ions onto functionalized sporopollenin.
20  Sporosarcina pasteurii
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
EDS (1 time)
GOT (1 time)
GPT (1 time)
2006 In vitro and in vivo assessment of intraintestinal bacteriotherapy in chronic kidney disease.
21  S. pombe
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
MYH (1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
pol (1 time)
2003 The fission yeast TFIIB-related factor limits RNA polymerase III to a TATA-dependent pathway of TBP recruitment.
22  S. purpuratus
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
Sf (2 times)
EBR (1 time)
EBR1 (1 time)
1997 Identification of a 97-kDa heat shock protein from S. franciscanus ovaries with 94% amino acid identity to the S. purpuratus egg surface receptor for sperm.
23  Schizolobium parahyba
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
AKI (1 time)
BV (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2008 Neutralization of pharmacological and toxic activities of bothrops snake venoms by Schizolobium parahyba (Fabaceae) aqueous extract and its fractions.
24  separation
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
i.e. nurturing (1 time)
muCT (1 time)
2009 Touching behaviors of infants of depressed mothers during normal and perturbed interactions.
25  Solanum pennellii
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
ILs (1 time)
QTL (1 time)
Sl (1 time)
2013 Fine genetic mapping of RXopJ4, a bacterial spot disease resistance locus from Solanum pennellii LA716.
26  spacer domain
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
GAGs (1 time)
OA (1 time)
TS (1 time)
1993 Protein splicing: excision of intervening sequences at the protein level.
27  spacing
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AMOPSO (1 time)
gBest (1 time)
MOPs (1 time)
2013 Micro-CT evaluation of bone defects: applications to osteolytic bone metastases, bone cysts, and fracture.
28  Spajarup
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
Ab (1 time)
EGs (1 time)
IPNV (1 time)
2000 Diversity of infectious pancreatic necrosis virus strains isolated from fish, shellfish, and other reservoirs in Northwestern Spain.
29  specific agonist
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PI 3-kinase (1 time)
SP (1 time)
1995 Ultrastructural study of substance P receptors in the dorsal horn of the rat spinal cord using monoclonal anti-complementary peptide antibody.
30  sperm
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
BPH (1 time)
CIEP (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1984 Remodeling of sperm chromatin following fertilization: nucleosome repeat length and histone variant transitions in the absence of DNA synthesis.
31  spermatozoon
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
Em (1 time)
ERalpha (1 time)
1981 The effect of cervical mucus on measurable Feulgen DNA content of human spermatozoa.
32  spermidine
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
N-actPut (1 time)
PU (1 time)
Sm (1 time)
1983 Etretinate therapy for psoriasis: clinical responses, remission times, epidermal DNA and polyamine responses.
33  spinal cord transection
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
MG (2 times)
ATPase (1 time)
Fast-Slow (1 time)
1990 Enzymatic plasticity of medial gastrocnemius fibers in the adult chronic spinal cat.
34  spinalized
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CSA (2 times)
ATPase (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1984 Interrelationships of contraction time, Vmax, and myosin ATPase after spinal transection.
35  spirochetes
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
Aa (1 time)
BI (1 time)
Ec (1 time)
1987 Morphological distribution of spirochetes in subgingival plaque from advanced marginal periodontitis in humans.
36  Spirulina maxima
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
DA (1 time)
HU (1 time)
MPTP (1 time)
2006 Spirulina maxima pretreatment partially protects against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine neurotoxicity.
37  splanchnic region
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
EN (1 time)
KIC (1 time)
Leu (1 time)
1990 Quantitative role of splanchnic region in leucine metabolism: L-[1-13C,15N]leucine and substrate balance studies.
38  splotch gene
(2 times)
Teratology
(2 times)
RA (2 times)
PNP (1 time)
1988 Interaction between the splotch mutation and retinoic acid in mouse neural tube defects in vitro.
39  sporadic strain of HEV(B)
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
Ep (2 times)
HE (2 times)
HEV (2 times)
1997 [Partial nucleotide sequencing of 7 hepatitis E virus strains isolated from sera of patients with acute sporadic hepatitis E in China].
40  sporozoites
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1977 Crossreactivity with sporozoites, exoerythrocytic forms and blood schizonts of Plasmodium berghei in indirect fluorescent antibody tests with sera of rats immunized with sporozoites or infected blood.
41  spotted side
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
Sd (2 times)
GLYDH (1 time)
1996 Nonmammalian models for sunlight carcinogenesis: genetic analysis of melanoma formation in Xiphophorus hybrid fish.
42  stereospecifically labelled
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
EF-Ts (1 time)
EF-Tu (1 time)
MVADP (1 time)
1986 Mevalonate-5-diphosphate decarboxylase: stereochemical course of ATP-dependent phosphorylation of mevalonate 5-diphosphate.
43  Sternopleural
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
wg (2 times)
spd (1 time)
1990 Genetic analysis of the adenosine3 (Gart) region of the second chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster.
44  (-)-l-sparteine
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2003 Bis(azido-kappaN)[(6R,7S,8S,14S)-(-)-sparteine-kappa2N,N']copper(II).
45  (S)-specificity
(1 time)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
2015 Utility of the STOP-BANG components to identify sleep apnea using home respiratory polygraphy.
46  (Sp-Rp-Sp)-(Rp-Sp-Rp) > stereo-random >
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
PS-oligos (1 time)
2000 Stereo-enriched phosphorothioate oligodeoxynucleotides: synthesis, biophysical and biological properties.
47  alpha-spectrin
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
HE (1 time)
HS (1 time)
HSt (1 time)
2001 Hereditary Red Cell Membrane Disorders in Japan: Their Genotypic and Phenotypic Features in 1014 Cases Studied.
48  beta-spectrin
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
HE (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1992 Spectrin beta Tandil, a novel shortened beta-chain variant associated with hereditary elliptocytosis is due to a deletional frameshift mutation in the beta-spectrin gene.
49  clandestina-Short pod
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
Ip (1 time)
1985 The genomic relationships among six wild perennial species of the genus Glycine subgenus Glycine Willd.
50  MicroRNA-Specificity Protein
(1 time)
TFs (1 time)
2015 MicroRNA-Specificity Protein (Sp) Transcription Factor Interactions and Significance in Carcinogenesis.
51  P1.1-S
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2000 Metal-phosphate interactions in the hammerhead ribozyme observed by 31P NMR and phosphorothioate substitutions.
52  particulate sulfur
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GCNP (1 time)
NGS (1 time)
2005 The effects of scrubber installation at the Navajo Generating Station on particulate sulfur and visibility levels in the Grand Canyon.
53  peak strain
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
FSENC (1 time)
SWV (1 time)
2015 Assessment of liver fibrosis using fast strain-encoded MRI driven by inherent cardiac motion.
54  peak systolic strain
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
MBF (1 time)
2009 Transmural peak systolic strain and strain rate predict transmural myocardial blood flow in a pig myocardial infarction model.
55  phosphorylase synthesized
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
APS (1 time)
1990 P alpha-chiral phosphorothioate analogues of bis(5'-adenosyl)tetraphosphate (Ap4A); their enzymatic synthesis and degradation.
56  Physpank-sfGFP
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
GFP (1 time)
WT (1 time)
2018 Influence of global gene regulatory networks on single cell heterogeneity of green fluorescent protein production in Bacillus subtilis.
57  platelet surface coverage
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FGN (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
Sf (1 time)
2014 The effect of full/partial UV-irradiation of TiO2 films on altering the behavior of fibrinogen and platelets.
58  population similarity
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ARA (1 time)
BF (1 time)
STP (1 time)
2008 Population similarity analysis of indicator bacteria for source prediction of faecal pollution in a coastal lake.
59  population similarity coefficient
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Biochemical fingerprinting of water coliform bacteria, a new method for measuring phenotypic diversity and for comparing different bacterial populations.
60  population similarity index
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2006 Vancomycin- and erythromycin-resistant enterococci in a pig farm and its environment.
61  pore surface area
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CH3 (2 times)
rc (1 time)
rp (1 time)
1997 Analysis of Nitrogen Adsorption Isotherms for a Series of Porous Silicas with Uniform and Cylindrical Pores: A New Method of Calculating Pore Size Distribution of Pore Radius 1-2 nm
62  preclinical state
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
Sc (1 time)
Sd (1 time)
2006 A stochastic model for predicting the mortality of breast cancer.
63  protein synthesis value
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
FFM (1 time)
NB (1 time)
2008 Increased protein maintains nitrogen balance during exercise-induced energy deficit.
64  putrefaction score
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
Si (1 time)
STR (1 time)
2015 Assessment of STR Typing Success Rate in Soft Tissues from Putrefied Bodies Based on a Quantitative Grading System for Putrefaction.
65  pyrimidine synthesis
(1 time)
Teratology
(1 time)
NTDs (1 time)
Terc (1 time)
1999 Mini-review: toward understanding mechanisms of genetic neural tube defects in mice.
66  S-to-P
(1 time)
--- 2018 Seismic Imaging of Thickened Lithosphere Resulting From Plume Pulsing Beneath Iceland.
67  sample with unlabeled
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
EPR (1 time)
1989 Stereochemical control over Mn(II)-thio versus Mn(II)-oxy coordination in adenosine 5'-O-(1-thiodiphosphate) complexes at the active site of creatine kinase.
68  Sarcocornia perennis extract
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
GPx (1 time)
GSH (1 time)
2017 Immunomodulatory and antioxidant protective effect of Sarcocornia perennis L. (swampfire) in lead intoxicated rat.
69  Sargassum pallidum
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
GC (1 time)
HPT (1 time)
HYD (1 time)
2017 Comparative Efficacy and Toxicity of Different Species of Sargassum in Haizao Yuhu Decoction in PTU-Induced Goiter Rats.
70  scatter phantom ratios
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
TPR (1 time)
2011 Technical note: An algorithm to calculate the tissue phantom ratio from depth dose in radiosurgery.
71  screening program
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
ST (1 time)
1998 [Detection of cancer, sensitivity of the test and sensitivity of the screening program].
72  Scutellaria purpurascens
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
Hp (1 time)
Hs (1 time)
Lj (1 time)
2005 Specific leaf mass, fresh: dry weight ratio, sugar and protein contents in species of Lamiaceae from different light environments.
73  Scylla paramamosain
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
MIF (1 time)
2013 [Macrophage migration inhibitory factor in mud crab Scylla paramamosain: molecular cloning, expression profiles in various tissues and under Vibrio challenge].
74  secretory phase
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
AAS (1 time)
AU (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2003 Characterization of copper in uterine fluids of patients who use the copper T-380A intrauterine device.
75  seepage without rain
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FD (1 time)
Sa (1 time)
2004 Effects of near-surface hydraulic gradients on nitrate and phosphorus losses in surface runoff.
76  selective promoter factor
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AP-2 (1 time)
2004 Transcriptional regulation of the human chorionic gonadotropin beta gene during villous trophoblast differentiation.
77  sensitivities of the peripheral
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
DEF (1 time)
V'E (1 time)
1998 Effect of low-dose acetazolamide on the ventilatory CO2 response during hypoxia in the anaesthetized cat.
78  serpentine
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
Aj (1 time)
TIAs (1 time)
2005 Development of a novel system for producing ajmalicine and serpentine using direct culture of leaves in Catharanthus roseus intact plant.
79  serum protein
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
MHC (1 time)
1983 Linkage of quantitative variation of a serum protein (Sp) to the major histocompatibility complex of the rat.
80  SG PCR
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
PCV2 (1 time)
PCVAD (1 time)
Se (1 time)
2011 Diagnostic performance measures of ELISA and quantitative PCR tests for porcine circovirus type 2 exposure using Bayesian latent class analysis.
81  sheep: group
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
SR (1 time)
1988 Maturation of calcium transport in cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum.
82  shot peened
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
Gb (1 time)
Mp (1 time)
SiC (1 time)
2008 The effect of different surface morphology and roughness on osteoblast-like cells.
83  SiC abrasive paper grinding
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
HAGICs (1 time)
SBS (1 time)
2009 Influence of HEMA content on the mechanical and bonding properties of experimental HEMA-added glass ionomer cements.
84  signal protein
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
EMSAs (1 time)
2000 Sp1 and Sp3 function as key regulators of leukotriene C(4) synthase gene expression in the monocyte-like cell line, THP-1.
85  significantly diminished the peripheral
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1988 Effects of the dopamine antagonists haloperidol and domperidone on the normoxic ventilatory response to CO2 in cats.
86  since dibutyryl cAMP or
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1995 Hormone stimulation of type III adenylyl cyclase induces Ca2+ oscillations in HEK-293 cells.
87  sinister phosphorus
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Rp (1 time)
UV (1 time)
2001 Effect of phosphorothioate substitutions on DNA cleavage by Escherichia coli DNA topoisomerase I.
88  sliding, pure sliding
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
Sd (1 time)
2014 Development of high-temperature strain instrumentation for in situ SEM evaluation of ductility dip cracking.
89  slowly than ATP, but binds
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1990 Enzymatic synthesis of the cAMP antagonist (Rp)-adenosine 3',5'-monophosphorothioate on a preparative scale.
90  Sne-pack
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
Ce (1 time)
Cp (1 time)
1993 The cytotoxicity of Sne-Pack periodontal dressing and scanning electron microscopic study
91  socially poised
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
Sa (1 time)
1986 Selecting child care workers for adolescents: the California Psychological Inventory.
92  soluble residual microbial products
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
MAP (1 time)
2004 Performance of magnesium ammonium phosphate precipitation and its effect on biological treatability of leather tanning industry wastewaters.
93  some other thiol group(s)
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BIPM (1 time)
DDPM (1 time)
MBM (1 time)
1976 Thiols of myosin. IV. "Abnormal" reactivity of S1 thiol and the conformational changes around S2 thiol.
94  Sp diastereoisomer of 5'-O-thymidyl 3'-O-(2'-deoxyadenosyl)phosphorothioate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1987 Mung bean (Phaseolus aureus) nuclease. A mechanistic investigation of the DNA-cleavage reaction using a dinucleoside phosphorothioate.
95  Sp-7-10-54-13
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
Cap (1 time)
p.i (1 time)
PBMC (1 time)
2010 Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) Cap and Rep proteins are involved in the development of cell-mediated immunity upon PCV2 infection.
96  Sp-cAMPS with 1,4-dibromobutanedione to yield
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 A new nonhydrolyzable reactive cAMP analog, (Sp)-adenosine-3',5'-cyclic-S-(4-bromo-2,3-dioxobutyl)monophosphorothioate irreversibly inactivates human platelet cGMP-inhibited cAMP phosphodiesterase.
97  Sp-diadenosine 5',5'-P1,P4-(alpha-thio)tetraphosphate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Ap3N (1 time)
Ap4dA (1 time)
Ap4G (1 time)
1991 Synthesis of dinucleoside polyphosphates catalyzed by firefly luciferase.
98  spacer region
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CFP (1 time)
PTP (1 time)
RPTPs (1 time)
2002 Regulation of receptor protein-tyrosine phosphatase alpha by oxidative stress.
99  Spanner
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
BII (1 time)
IPSS (1 time)
TUMT (1 time)
2008 Use of a temporary prostatic stent after transurethral microwave thermotherapy reduced voiding symptoms and bother without exacerbating irritative symptoms.
100  sparers
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CAF (1 time)
NSp (1 time)
PCr (1 time)
1998 Regulation of muscle glycogenolytic flux during intense aerobic exercise after caffeine ingestion.