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Abbreviation: TAL
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Long forms: 94

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
thick ascending limb
(266 times)
Physiology
(127 times)
DCT (26 times)
NKCC2 (24 times)
CNT (13 times)
1984 In vivo evidence of impaired solute transport by the thick ascending limb in potassium-depleted rats.
transcription activator-like
(109 times)
Botany
(26 times)
Xoo (14 times)
CRISPR (6 times)
Xoc (6 times)
2007 Two type III effector genes of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae control the induction of the host genes OsTFIIAgamma1 and OsTFX1 during bacterial blight of rice.
thick ascending limb of Henle's loop
(95 times)
Physiology
(35 times)
DCT (6 times)
CD (5 times)
CTAL (5 times)
1982 Effects of arginine vasopressin on the thin ascending limb of Henle's loop of hamsters.
tumor-associated lymphocytes
(46 times)
Neoplasms
(27 times)
TIL (13 times)
CTL (9 times)
NK (7 times)
1981 Inhibition of natural killer activity by tumor-associated lymphoid cells from ascites ovarian carcinomas.
transaldolase
(40 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
PPP (12 times)
MS (4 times)
TKT (4 times)
1996 Transaldolase genes from the cyanobacteria Anabaena variabilis and Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803: comparison with other eubacterial and eukaryotic homologues.
tyrosine ammonia lyase
(35 times)
Biotechnology
(10 times)
PAL (16 times)
4CL (5 times)
CHS (5 times)
1985 Reduced phenylalanine ammonia-lyase and tyrosine ammonia-lyase activities and lignin synthesis in wheat grown under low pressure sodium lamps.
thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle
(32 times)
Nephrology
(14 times)
THP (6 times)
DCT (4 times)
NKCC2 (3 times)
1976 The function of (Na+, K+)-ATPase in the thick ascending limb of Henles loop.
transverse acetabular ligament
(30 times)
Orthopedics
(19 times)
THA (8 times)
THR (3 times)
DDH (2 times)
1994 [Stress on the ligamentum transversum acetabuli in physiological stress on the hip joint].
taste aversion learning
(20 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(14 times)
AP (5 times)
CFP (2 times)
iNST (2 times)
1990 Effects of medullary afferent vagal axotomy and area postrema lesions on short-term and long-term NaCl-induced taste aversion learning.
10  transverse atlantal ligament
(19 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
ADI (4 times)
AADI (2 times)
LMD (2 times)
1993 Ossification of the transverse atlantoid ligament in rheumatoid arthritis.
11  tendo-Achilles lengthening
(18 times)
Orthopedics
(13 times)
CP (5 times)
GR (3 times)
TCC (3 times)
1996 Plantar forefoot ulceration with equinus deformity of the ankle in diabetic patients: the effect of tendo-Achilles lengthening and total contact casting.
12  thin agar layer
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(13 times)
TSA (11 times)
MOX (4 times)
MSA (3 times)
1999 Thin agar layer method for recovery of heat-injured Listeria monocytogenes.
13  triacetic acid lactone
(15 times)
Biotechnology
(7 times)
2-PS (6 times)
FAS-B (2 times)
6-MSAS (1 time)
2004 Rational pathway engineering of type I fatty acid synthase allows the biosynthesis of triacetic acid lactone from D-glucose in vivo.
14  tallow
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
SBO (3 times)
CAM (2 times)
CO (2 times)
1994 Dietary fat composition and age affect synaptosomal and retinal phospholipid fatty acid composition in C57BL/6 mice.
15  thoracic artificial lung
(10 times)
Transplantation
(6 times)
CO (5 times)
PA (3 times)
LA (2 times)
2000 Hemodynamic effects of attachment modes and device design of a thoracic artificial lung.
16  tachypleus amebocyte lysate
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
LPS (3 times)
BAW (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1998 Rapid detection of Escherichia coliform with a bulk acoustic wave sensor based on the gelation of Tachypleus amebocyte lysate.
17  total artificial lung
(5 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
Re (2 times)
fr (1 time)
KC (1 time)
2006 Pulsatile flow past a cylinder: an experimental model of flow in an artificial lung.
18  tegumental-allergen-like
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
aa (1 time)
DLC (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2012 The Schistosoma mansoni tegumental-allergen-like (TAL) protein family: influence of developmental expression on human IgE responses.
19  total antioxidant level
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DKA (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of Pre-Treatment and Post-Treatment S100B, Oxidant and Antioxidant Capacity in Children with Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
20  tumor-associated lymphoid cells
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
IFN (1 time)
NK (1 time)
P. avidum (1 time)
1982 Interferon effect on cytotoxicity of peripheral blood and tumor-associated lymphocytes against human ovarian carcinoma cells.
21  TSG101-associated ligase
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CMT2P (2 times)
CMT (1 time)
LRSAM1 (1 time)
2018 LRSAM1 Depletion Affects Neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y Cell Growth and Morphology: The LRSAM1 c.2047-1G>A Loss-of-Function Variant Fails to Rescue The Phenotype.
22  taltirelin
(2 times)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
R1ko (1 time)
TRH (1 time)
TRH-R (1 time)
2012 Taltirelin is a superagonist at the human thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptor.
23  temporalis
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DIG (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
APB (1 time)
2014 Optimization of jaw muscle activity and fine motor control during repeated biting tasks.
24  Terai Arc Landscape
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
WTAL (1 time)
2012 Influence of connectivity, wild prey and disturbance on occupancy of tigers in the human-dominated western Terai Arc Landscape.
25  thermo-tolerant acidic lipase
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2014 Novel extremely acidic lipases produced from Bacillus species using oil substrates.
26  TRH analog, taltirelin
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
TRH (2 times)
BN (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
2015 RNASeq-derived transcriptome comparisons reveal neuromodulatory deficiency in the CO₂ insensitive brown Norway rat.
27  andL-tyrosine ammonia-lyase
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MBB (1 time)
PAL (1 time)
1987 Inducible versus constitutive PI 227687 soybean resistance to mexican bean beetle,Epilachna varivestis.
28  levels--trauma alert
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
SF (1 time)
TR (1 time)
2017 Trauma surgeon utilization of computerized tomography scanning: Room for improvement?
29  T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
HDACIs (1 time)
T-ALL (1 time)
2011 TAL1/SCL is downregulated upon histone deacetylase inhibition in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells.
30  T-cell leukemia
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1978 Thymus-dependent cytokinetics in transplantable leukemia of AKR mice.
31  Tachypleus RBP a cyte lysate
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
FCM (1 time)
2013 [Effects of polysaccharides from Bletillae Rhizoma on the protection in rats during deep second-degree burn wound healing].
32  Tahiti acid lime
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
RL (1 time)
SM (1 time)
VO (1 time)
2016 Survival strategies of citrus rootstocks subjected to drought.
33  TAL-type transaldolase
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
HGT (1 time)
2015 Ancient horizontal transfer of transaldolase-like protein gene and its role in plant vascular development.
34  Talairach registration method
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
MTT (1 time)
2007 Bias between MNI and Talairach coordinates analyzed using the ICBM-152 brain template.
35  talar angle
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AOFAS (1 time)
AOS (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
2018 Short-term Clinical and Radiographic Results of the Salto Mobile Total Ankle Prosthesis.
36  talar length
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CCA (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
MMN (1 time)
2017 Clinico-sonographical evaluation of idiopathic clubfoot and its correction by Ponseti method - A prospective study.
37  talcid
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
EGF (1 time)
OME (1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2000 Antacid talcid activates in gastric mucosa genes encoding for EGF and its receptor. The molecular basis for its ulcer healing action.
38  talinolol
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
NAR (1 time)
PEU (1 time)
SQV (1 time)
2011 In situ study of the effect of naringin, talinolol and protein-energy undernutrition on intestinal absorption of saquinavir in rats.
39  tamsulosin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
GC (1 time)
M-DEC (1 time)
2014 An explanation for the difference in the percutaneous penetration behavior of tamsulosin induced by two different O-acylmenthol derivatives.
40  target arterial lesion
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AOL (1 time)
2016 Impact of Target Arterial Residual Stenosis on Outcome After Endovascular Revascularization.
41  taste avoidance learning
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CTA (1 time)
2017 Lactose malabsorption and taste aversion learning.
42  taxol
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
ADM (1 time)
CBP (1 time)
2004 [Experimental study of sensitivity to chemotherapeutic agents for human endometrial carcinoma cell line].
43  telephone advice line
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
OOH (1 time)
2011 Analysis of a network-wide specialist palliative care out-of-hours advice and support line: a model for the future.
44  tentatively allowable levels
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MAC (1 time)
2015 [EXPERIMENTAL GROUNDS ON POSSIBILITY TO MAKE AND TO USE PREDICTION MODELS OF PESTICIDES DESIGN STANDARD IN THE WATER OF PONDS USED FOR HOUSEHOLD AND DRINKING WATER SUPPLY].
45  term active labor
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
TNL (1 time)
Trpc (1 time)
2004 Physiological induction of transient receptor potential canonical proteins, calcium entry channels, in human myometrium: influence of pregnancy, labor, and interleukin-1 beta.
46  Tertiary amine layer
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2018 Construction of Soft Base Tongs on Separator to Grasp Polysulfides from Shuttling in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries.
47  tetraalkyl lead
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 1986 The determination of tetraalkyl lead in air by a denuder diffusion technique.
48  thalidomide only
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
AMP (1 time)
2014 Immunomodulatory treatment with thalidomide in experimental leptospirosis in Golden Syrian hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus).
49  thick ascending Henle's loop
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
DS (1 time)
2004 [Role of nitric oxide in the NKCC2 hyperactivity of Dahl "salt-sensitive" rats].
50  thick ascending limb cells
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Uromodulin facilitates neutrophil migration across renal epithelial monolayers.
51  thick ascending limb of Henle's loop of rat kidney
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CAN (1 time)
Po (1 time)
SWC (1 time)
1995 Effect of NH4+/NH3 on cytosolic pH and the K+ channels of freshly isolated cells from the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop.
52  thin active layer
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NF (1 time)
2010 Interplay between the transport of solutes across nanofiltration membranes and the thermal properties of the thin active layer.
53  Thin Agar Layer method
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
SaS (1 time)
2013 Assessing the growth and recovery of Salmonella Enteritidis SE86 after sodium dichloroisocyanurate exposure.
54  Thinking a lot
(1 time)
Anthropology
(1 time)
--- 2015 The "Thinking a Lot" Idiom of Distress and PTSD: An Examination of Their Relationship among Traumatized Cambodian Refugees Using the "Thinking a Lot" Questionnaire.
55  through either unfavorable
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FSA (1 time)
2015 Converting Transaldolase into Aldolase through Swapping of the Multifunctional Acid-Base Catalyst: Common and Divergent Catalytic Principles in F6P Aldolase and Transaldolase.
56  thyroarytenoid lateralization
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CAL (1 time)
CTAL (1 time)
DCTJ (1 time)
2012 Effects of unilateral arytenoid lateralization technique and suture tension on airway pressure in the larynx of canine cadavers.
57  Tibialis anterior lengthening
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
TA (1 time)
2002 Clubfoot posteromedial release: advantages of tibialis anterior tendon lengthening.
58  time aware layer
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AAL (1 time)
ART (1 time)
2004 A real-time architecture for time-aware agents.
59  time-activity laboratory
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DEE (1 time)
DLW (1 time)
FMR (1 time)
2000 Seasonal changes in energy and water use by verdins, Auriparus flaviceps.
60  time-averaged, A-weighted sound level
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Noise-induced annoyance from transportation noise: short-term responses to a single noise source in a laboratory.
61  TNF-alpha production, thalidomide
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
DEXA (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2002 Pro-inflammatory effects of cholera toxin: role of tumor necrosis factor alpha.
62  Tokunagayusurika akamusi larva
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CPA (1 time)
CYA (1 time)
CYL (1 time)
1988 Detection of IgE antibodies to larvae and adults of chironomids by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
63  topical airway lidocaine
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
NMB (1 time)
PRAE (1 time)
2012 Does topical lidocaine before tracheal intubation attenuate airway responses in children? An observational audit.
64  Total Airway Length
(1 time)
Stomatognathic Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2014 Effects of first premolar extraction on airway dimensions in young adolescents: A retrospective cephalometric appraisal.
65  total arm length
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
HIS (1 time)
PB1 (1 time)
SH (1 time)
1997 A cross-sectional growth study of trunk and limb segments of the Bengali boys of Calcutta.
66  total axial length
(1 time)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Prenatal ultrasound charts of orbital total axial length measurement (TAL): a valuable data for correct fetal eye malformation assessment.
67  total axial length measurement
(1 time)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Prenatal ultrasound charts of orbital total axial length measurement (TAL): a valuable data for correct fetal eye malformation assessment.
68  total bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Simultaneous determination of liensinine, isoliensinine and neferine from seed embryo of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. in rat plasma by a rapid HPLC method and its application to a pharmacokinetic study.
69  traditional assisted living
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
DSAL (1 time)
2010 Anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairment in dementia-specific and traditional assisted living.
70  tranexamic acid, adrenaline, and lidocaine
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ROTEM (1 time)
2016 Topical Hemostatic-Anesthetic Solution to Reduce Bleeding During Mohs Micrographic Surgery: A Case Control Study.
71  transacetylase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
DTNB (1 time)
NEM (1 time)
2001 Differential regulation of three catalytic activities of platelet-activating factor (PAF)-dependent transacetylase.
72  Transactional Leadership
(1 time)
MLQ (1 time)
TFL (1 time)
2016 The association of leadership styles and empowerment with nurses' organizational commitment in an acute health care setting: a cross-sectional study.
73  transarterial alcohol-lipiodol therapy
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2016 Transarterial Alcohol-Lipiodol Therapy in Patients withHepatocellular Carcinoma Using Low Alcohol Concentrations.
74  Transcutaneous Artificial Larynx
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Enhancement of electrolaryngeal speech by adaptive filtering.
75  Transplantable
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 1976 [The acid-base equilibrium during mouse lymphoblastic leukemia].
76  transplantable leukaemia
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 1981 Adoptive immunotherapy and combined chemo-immunotherapy in transplantable leukaemia of AKR mice (TAL); occurrence of natural killers.
77  transplantable leukaemia of AKR mice
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 1981 Adoptive immunotherapy and combined chemo-immunotherapy in transplantable leukaemia of AKR mice (TAL); occurrence of natural killers.
78  transverse Anderson localization
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
MA-PDF (1 time)
2018 Modal area statistics for transverse Anderson localization in disordered optical fibers.
79  transverse arch length
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
MLA (1 time)
MTSS (1 time)
2015 Forefoot flexibility and medial tibial stress syndrome.
80  Transverse axial ligament
(1 time)
AAD (1 time)
CVJ (1 time)
2013 Unique paradoxical atlantoaxial dislocation with C1-C2 facet diastases and isolated ligamentous injury to the craniovertebral junction without neurological deficits: A case report.
81  transverse ligament of the atlas
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
PAAM (1 time)
2005 Ossification of the posterior atlantoaxial membrane and the transverse atlantal ligament.
82  transverse stapling line of the colonic stump
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
TME (1 time)
2018 Anastomotic leakage after side-to-end anastomosis for rectal cancer: does leakage location matter?
83  trauma attending leadership
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ATLS (1 time)
2012 Trauma leadership: does perception drive reality?
84  traumatic aortic laceration
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Blunt traumatic thoracic aortic lacerations in the elderly: an analysis of outcome.
85  Tri-Active Layer
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
alpha-IGZO (1 time)
AMOLED (1 time)
S-D (1 time)
2019 Design and analysis of IGZO thin film transistor for AMOLED pixel circuit using double-gate tri active layer channel.
86  TRIACETIC LACTONE
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1963 THE METABOLISM OF TRIACETIC LACTONE (TAL).
87  trialkyllead
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1998 Interactions of trialkyllead compounds with rat liver mitochondria.
88  triterpene acids of loquat
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
TGF-beta1 (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2012 Antifibrosis effects of triterpene acids of Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. leaf in a rat model of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis.
89  Tufts Anaerobe Laboratory
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
--- 1986 Beta-lactamase-mediated imipenem resistance in Bacteroides fragilis.
90  tumor-associated-T cells
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ADCC (1 time)
BiTE (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2015 Solitomab, an EpCAM/CD3 bispecific antibody construct (BiTE), is highly active against primary uterine and ovarian carcinosarcoma cell lines in vitro.
91  Turkish Acceptable Limits
(1 time)
EPA (1 time)
EU (1 time)
FAO (1 time)
2018 Risk assessment of mercury and lead in fish species from Iranian international wetlands.
92  twinkling artifact
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
COM (1 time)
TAI (1 time)
TAW (1 time)
2017 Quantitative Evaluation of the Effects of Urinary Stone Composition and Size on Color Doppler Twinkling Artifact: A Phantom Study.
93  tyrosine ammonia lyase activity
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
GA/PEI (1 time)
pHCA (1 time)
2007 Calcium alginate bead immobilization of cells containing tyrosine ammonia lyase activity for use in the production of p-hydroxycinnamic acid.
94  ZK-Thiazolidinone
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
Plk1 (1 time)
2007 Use of the novel Plk1 inhibitor ZK-thiazolidinone to elucidate functions of Plk1 in early and late stages of mitosis.