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Abbreviation: TDR
Appearance Frequency: 1021 time(s)
Long forms: 127

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
total disc replacement
(284 times)
Orthopedics
(156 times)
ROM (65 times)
ACDF (47 times)
VAS (42 times)
2003 The implications of constraint in lumbar total disc replacement.
transmitted drug resistance
(225 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(88 times)
ART (59 times)
NNRTI (34 times)
MSM (31 times)
2004 Do patients who are infected with drug-resistant HIV have a different CD4 cell decline after seroconversion? An exploratory analysis in the UK Register of HIV Seroconverters.
transmural dispersion of repolarization
(135 times)
Cardiology
(79 times)
TdP (38 times)
APD (20 times)
ECG (19 times)
1997 Effects of sodium channel block with mexiletine to reverse action potential prolongation in in vitro models of the long term QT syndrome.
time domain reflectometry
(67 times)
Environmental Health
(23 times)
SWC (4 times)
CDE (2 times)
FDR (2 times)
1993 Time-domain dielectric spectroscopy applied to cell suspensions.
Tropical Diseases
(53 times)
Tropical Medicine
(24 times)
WHO (10 times)
IDRC (4 times)
MDA (2 times)
1980 [Guidelines for research in immunology of tropical diseases within the framework of the WHO special program of research in tropical diseases (TDR)].
traumatic diaphragmatic rupture
(21 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
PDR (2 times)
TDH (2 times)
ATLS (1 time)
1996 The unreliability of CT scans and initial chest radiographs in evaluating blunt trauma induced diaphragmatic rupture.
total lumbar disc replacement
(19 times)
Orthopedics
(15 times)
ODI (9 times)
VAS (7 times)
ROM (5 times)
2006 Clinical results of total lumbar disc replacement with ProDisc II: three-year results for different indications.
totally drug-resistant
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
TB (11 times)
XDR (10 times)
MDR (9 times)
1995 An outbreak of multidrug resistant typhoid fever in Bangalore.
tumor shadow disappearance rate
(12 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
CT (5 times)
CEA (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2001 Pathologic N0 status in pulmonary adenocarcinoma is predictable by combining serum carcinoembryonic antigen level and computed tomographic findings.
10  tumor disappearance rate
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
GGO (4 times)
ALK (2 times)
HRCT (2 times)
2007 Prognostic value of tumor disappearance rate on computed tomography in advanced-stage lung adenocarcinoma.
11  time-depth recorder
(7 times)
Science
(3 times)
GPS (2 times)
APC (1 time)
SES (1 time)
1992 [Recording the feeding behavior of freely moving animals using the example of freely diving Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii)].
12  transmitted
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ART (4 times)
ADR (3 times)
DRM (2 times)
2012 Impact of Pill Sharing on Drug Resistance Due to a Wide-Scale Oral Prep Intervention in Generalized Epidemics.
13  transmural repolarization dispersion
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
APD (1 time)
CV (1 time)
Cx43 (1 time)
2007 [The effects of calmodulin kinase II inhibitor on ventricular arrhythmias in rabbits with cardiac hypertrophy].
14  tapetum degeneration retardation
(4 times)
Botany
(2 times)
PCD (2 times)
ADF (1 time)
LTPs (1 time)
2006 The rice tapetum degeneration retardation gene is required for tapetum degradation and anther development.
15  thoracic dorsal rhizotomies
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
BT (1 time)
CC (1 time)
DBA (1 time)
1977 Effects of thoracic dorsal rhizotomies on the respiratory pattern in anesthetized cats.
16  trigeminal depressor response
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
HR (2 times)
AP (1 time)
GABA (1 time)
1977 The trigeminal depressor response: a novel vasodepressor response originating from the trigeminal system.
17  Tropical Disease Research
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
DF (2 times)
DHF (2 times)
DSS (2 times)
2000 The first international meeting of the Research Initiative on Traditional Antimalarial Methods (RITAM).
18  typically deleted region
(4 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
DGS/VCFS (2 times)
LCRs (2 times)
FISH (1 time)
2000 Chromosome 22-specific low copy repeats and the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: genomic organization and deletion endpoint analysis.
19  tetrandrine
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
BS (2 times)
ACV (1 time)
DTH (1 time)
1997 Potent inhibitory effect of tetrandrine on experimental allergic conjunctivitis in mice.
20  thiol/disulfide ratio
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AMD (1 time)
CSCR (1 time)
NSTEMI (1 time)
2015 Association of thiol/disulfide ratio with syntax score in patients with NSTEMI.
21  third-degree relatives
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
BC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2008 Factors determining dissemination of results and uptake of genetic testing in families with known BRCA1/2 mutations.
22  thrombodynamic ratio
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
TEG (2 times)
CT (1 time)
ETP (1 time)
2009 Application of basic and composite thrombelastography parameters in monitoring of the antithrombotic effect of the low molecular weight heparin dalteparin: an in vivo study.
23  time to distant recurrence
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
OS (3 times)
NPC (2 times)
TLR (2 times)
2004 Prospective validation of serum CYFRA 21-1, beta-2-microglobulin, and ferritin levels as prognostic markers in patients with nonmetastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma undergoing radiotherapy.
24  time-resolved diffuse reflectance
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
EG (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of the efficiency of the photocatalytic one-electron oxidation reaction of aromatic compounds adsorbed on a TiO2 surface.
25  transposon-derived repeats
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
HGMD (1 time)
MAM (1 time)
mSNPs (1 time)
2006 Transposon-derived repeats in the human genome and 5-methylcytosine-associated mutations in adjacent genes.
26  first disease remission
(2 times)
Leprosy
(1 time)
TDC (1 time)
TDRe (1 time)
2018 Clinical, immunological profile and follow up of patients with pemphigus: A study from India.
27  TDIF RECEPTOR
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
TDIF (2 times)
BES1 (1 time)
GSK3s (1 time)
2011 A novel function of TDIF-related peptides: promotion of axillary bud formation.
28  temperature-dependent UV resistance
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 1988 Temperature dependent survival of UV-irradiated Escherichia coli K12.
29  thyroglossal duct remnant
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
TD (1 time)
2003 Coincidence of thyroid tumor and thyroglossal duct remnants. Review of the literature and presentation of three cases.
30  time-dependent inward rectification
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
OT (1 time)
1990 Inward Rectification (I) in Immunocytochemically-ldentified Vasopressin and Oxytocin Neurons of Guinea-Pig Supraoptic Nucleus.
31  time-dose-response
(2 times)
Water Pollution
(1 time)
--- 2017 Incorporating Time-Dose-Response into Legionella Outbreak Models.
32  top-dressed ration
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
TMR (2 times)
DM (1 time)
2010 Effect of feed delivery method on the behavior and growth of dairy heifers.
33  total cervical disc replacement
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CDDD (2 times)
NDI (2 times)
ACDF (1 time)
2017 Indirect meta-analysis comparing clinical outcomes of total cervical disc replacements with fusions for cervical degenerative disc disease.
34  total detection rate
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CFL (1 time)
FPR (1 time)
RACs (1 time)
2011 Unsupervised skin lesions border detection via two-dimensional image analysis.
35  total dose reduction
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
BED (1 time)
CF (1 time)
HOF (1 time)
2002 Modelling normal tissue isoeffect distribution in conformal radiotherapy of glioblastoma provides an alternative dose escalation pattern through hypofractionation without reducing the total dose.
36  Training in Tropical Diseases
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
MDA (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2006 Dengue research and training supported through the World Health Organization.
37  transdisciplinary research
(2 times)
--- 2016 Transdisciplinary research in support of land and water management in China and Southeast Asia: evaluation of four research projects.
38  transduodenal resections
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ESP (1 time)
FAP (1 time)
HGD (1 time)
2005 Transduodenal resection of peri-ampullary lesions.
39  treatment dose rate
(2 times)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
DHI (1 time)
HDR (1 time)
1988 A dose homogeneity index for evaluating 192Ir interstitial breast implants.
40  triple drug regimen
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
RAEB (1 time)
1989 Triple-drug regimen (TDR) of AZA + CsA + P: new definition of factors influencing kidney graft survival at a single center.
41  true discovery rate
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
FCAUC (1 time)
FPR (1 time)
2012 ROCS: receiver operating characteristic surface for class-skewed high-throughput data.
42  tail deflection response
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CWS (1 time)
ET (1 time)
1987 Ethanol-induced analgesia.
43  Taiwan Death Registry
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
TCR (1 time)
TOMS (1 time)
2019 Finding an oral potentially malignant disorder in screening program is related to early diagnosis of oral cavity cancer - Experience from real world evidence.
44  target deviation ratio
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
FMA-UE (1 time)
RTR (1 time)
2014 Kinetic measurements of hand motor impairments after mild to moderate stroke using grip control tasks.
45  target dyspnea rating
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
HR (1 time)
THR (1 time)
1999 Target dyspnea ratings predict expected oxygen consumption as well as target heart rate values.
46  Taxol-induced drug-resistant
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CIAPIN1 (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
miR (1 time)
2017 Upregulation of microRNA-143 reverses drug resistance in human breast cancer cells via inhibition of cytokine-induced apoptosis inhibitor 1.
47  TD recovery
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
TD (1 time)
TFRD (1 time)
2018 Effect of Total Flavonoids of Rhizoma drynariae on Tibial Dyschondroplasia by Regulating BMP-2 and Runx2 Expression in Chickens.
48  TDR group
(1 time)
NDI (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
2017 Long-term Evaluation of Cervical Disc Arthroplasty with the Mobi-C Cervical Disc: A Randomized, Prospective, Multicenter Clinical Trial with Seven-Year Follow-up.
49  TDs’ remission
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CHC (1 time)
TDs (1 time)
2017 Long-term outcomes of thyroid dysfunction in patients with chronic hepatitis C treated with pegylated interferon alpha and ribavirin
50  tear drainage reconstruction
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
E-DCR (1 time)
EE-DCR (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2015 Endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy with ostial stent intubation following nasolacrimal duct stent incarceration.
51  technical detection rate
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
OAR (1 time)
RTs (1 time)
2016 Effectiveness of medicines authentication technology to detect counterfeit, recalled and expired medicines: a two-stage quantitative secondary care study.
52  telomerase deletion response
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2002 The genome-wide expression response to telomerase deletion in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
53  temperature (T(soil)), and soil moisture
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PAR (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
RH (1 time)
2011 [Complexity and its integrative effects of the time lags of environment factors affecting Larix gmelinii stem sap flow].
54  temperature difference replacement
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
SIR (1 time)
1991 The direct determination of phase invariants provided by diffraction data measured at two different temperatures.
55  temperature-dependent Raman
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
POP (1 time)
2014 Temperature-dependent Raman spectroscopic evidence of and molecular mechanism for irreversible isomerization of beta-endosulfan to alpha-endosulfan.
56  temperature-dependent repression
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
HSP70 (1 time)
HSR (1 time)
2016 The Transcriptional Cascade in the Heat Stress Response of Arabidopsis Is Strictly Regulated at the Level of Transcription Factor Expression.
57  term delivery rate
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
LAR (1 time)
PDR (1 time)
1995 Cervical cerclage for the incompetent cervical Os. Improving the fetal salvage rate.
58  terminal differentiation-resistant
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
NHK (1 time)
1991 Dose-dependent induction of resistance to terminal differentiation in x-irradiated cultures of normal human keratinocytes.
59  terminal direct repeats
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
DAR (1 time)
WAR (1 time)
2016 Characterization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Phage C11 and Identification of Host Genes Required for Virion Maturation.
60  test drug
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
DIG (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
2012 A novel phytochemical, digoxigenin-3-O-rutin in the amelioration of isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rat: a comparison with digoxin.
61  test rapid diagnosis
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 2011 [Study of factors favouring the occurrence of Plasmodium falciparum in pregnant women in the health district of Bogodogo].
62  test-day records
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
TDM (1 time)
2001 Genetic evaluation of dairy cattle using test-day models.
63  Thailand diabetes registry
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2006 Thailand diabetes registry (TDR) project: clinical status and long term vascular complications in diabetic patients.
64  theodrenaline
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AKR (1 time)
CDR (1 time)
EDR (1 time)
2006 Akrinor-induced relaxation of pig coronary artery in vitro is transformed into alpha1-adrenoreceptor-mediated contraction by pretreatment with propranolol.
65  therapeutic dose range
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2017 Modelling the therapeutic dose range of single low dose primaquine to reduce malaria transmission through age-based dosing.
66  thermal destruction rate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
TDT (1 time)
1984 Heat Resistance of Clostridium botulinum Type G in Phosphate Buffer.
67  thermal development and reshaping
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
NETT (1 time)
NIL (1 time)
2018 Nickel stamp origination from generic SU-8 nanostructure arrays patterned with improved thermal development and reshaping.
68  thermodynamic difference rules
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
SSA (1 time)
VBT (1 time)
2016 Predictive thermodynamics for ionic solids and liquids.
69  thermostable direct hemolysin
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
MLST (1 time)
STs (1 time)
TRH (1 time)
2016 Vibrio parahaemolyticus Strains of Pandemic Serotypes Identified from Clinical and Environmental Samples from Jiangsu, China.
70  thickness and outer diameter
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
2015 [Quantitative study on HRCT phenotype of the GOLD COPD assessment staging system].
71  thickness-to-diameter ratio
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2005 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: thin-section CT measurement of airway wall thickness and lung attenuation.
72  three-dimensional carbon bed electrode reactor
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Kinetics of electrooxidation of landfill leachate in a three-dimensional carbon bed electrochemical reactor.
73  Tick Distribution Ratio
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
DHR (1 time)
GMA (1 time)
TIP (1 time)
2016 Serology, molecular detection and risk factors of Ehrlichia canis infection in dogs in Costa Rica.
74  Time dependent relaxation
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
OVXP (1 time)
OVXT (1 time)
2014 Effects of Krill-derived phospholipid-enriched n-3 fatty acids on Ca(2+) regulation system in cerebral arteries from ovariectomized rats.
75  time domain reshuffling
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BER (1 time)
ISC (1 time)
OFDM (1 time)
2017 Time domain reshuffling for OFDM based indoor visible light communication systems.
76  time-dependent distance restraints
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
LBD (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2008 Ligand-escape pathways from the ligand-binding domain of PPARgamma receptor as probed by molecular dynamics simulations.
77  time-dependent of dose-effect relationship
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DHA (1 time)
MBC (1 time)
Ni (1 time)
2018 Toxic responses of microorganisms to nickel exposure in farmland soil in the presence of earthworm (Eisenia fetida).
78  Time-divided supplementation regimen
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
TFR (1 time)
2009 Time-divided ingestion pattern of casein-based protein supplement stimulates an increase in fat-free body mass during resistance training in young untrained men.
79  time-domain reconstruction
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
FBP (1 time)
PAT (1 time)
2008 Deconvolution reconstruction of full-view and limited-view photoacoustic tomography: a simulation study.
80  time-domain reflectance
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Reflectance of acoustic horns and solution of the inverse problem.
81  Tinnitus Distress Rating
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
THI (1 time)
TSS (1 time)
2011 Phase 2 study examining magnesium-dependent tinnitus.
82  TonB-dependent membrane receptors
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ECF (1 time)
2018 beta-Glucanase Activity of the Oral Bacterium Tannerella forsythia Contributes to the Growth of a Partner Species, Fusobacterium nucleatum, in Cobiofilms.
83  TonB-Dependent-Receptor
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
Xoo (1 time)
2010 [Identification and functional analysis of Tdrxoo, the member of TonB-dependent-receptor family proteins in Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae].
84  top deck middle rear
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BDF (1 time)
BDR (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2009 Associations of beef calf wellness and body weight gain with internal location in a truck during transportation.
85  topology-guided deformable registration
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
2017 Topology-guided deformable registration with local importance preservation for biomedical images.
86  total amount of drug released
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
PMMA (1 time)
POP (1 time)
SIS (1 time)
2007 Effects of porcine small intestinal submucosa on elution characteristics of gentamicin-impregnated plaster of Paris.
87  Total cervical artificial disc replacement
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACDF (1 time)
FSU (1 time)
JOA (1 time)
2014 A prospective, randomised, controlled multicentre study comparing cervical disc replacement with anterior cervical decompression and fusion.
88  total daily ration
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
GAA (1 time)
GFC (1 time)
GFL (1 time)
1991 The effect of cottonseed components on testicular development in pubescent rams.
89  total desalination rate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MDC (1 time)
SMDCs (1 time)
2011 Stacked microbial desalination cells to enhance water desalination efficiency.
90  Total dietary resveratrol
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
FS (1 time)
TUR (1 time)
2015 Association of habitual dietary resveratrol exposure with the development of frailty in older age: the Invecchiare in Chianti study.
91  total disc arthroplasty
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2008 Lumbar spinal arthroplasty: analysis of one center's twenty best and twenty worst clinical outcomes.
92  total doxorubicin remission time
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2013 Intermittent single-agent doxorubicin for the treatment of canine B-cell lymphoma.
93  total rapid insulin
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
cLDL (1 time)
SGLT2 (1 time)
T2D (1 time)
2018 Efficacy of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors as an adjunct treatment for patients with diabetes type 2.
94  totally drug-resistant resistant
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
AARSs (1 time)
LeuRS (1 time)
OBORT (1 time)
2016 Discovery of Novel Oral Protein Synthesis Inhibitors of Mycobacterium tuberculosis That Target Leucyl-tRNA Synthetase.
95  Tpeak-end dispersion
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
EDMD (1 time)
JTc-D (1 time)
QTcd (1 time)
2012 Regional and transmural dispersion of repolarisation in patients with Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy.
96  trace decay plus rehearsal models
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Is spoken duration a sufficient explanation of the word length effect?
97  Tracheary Element Differentiation Inhibitory Factor Receptor
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ECD (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
LRR-RLKs (1 time)
2017 Differential CLE peptide perception by plant receptors implicated from structural and functional analyses of TDIF-TDR interactions.
98  trans-activation-dependent replication
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
GR (1 time)
SV40 (1 time)
1990 A novel expression assay to study transcriptional activators.
99  transdermal
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2014 [Rivastigmine as treatment for patients with mild to moderately severe Alzheimer disease under normal clinical practice conditions. The ENTERPRISE study].
100  transferable drug resistance
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 1986 Bacterial drug resistance in meat animals: a review.