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Abbreviation: TI
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Long forms: 624

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
time
(417 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(106 times)
VT (119 times)
TE (117 times)
VE (35 times)
1976 The effect of limb movements on the regulation of depth and rate of breathing.
therapeutic index
(175 times)
Pharmacology
(48 times)
CPE (6 times)
HIV-1 (6 times)
HBV (5 times)
1981 Antimitotic and cytotoxic activity of cis-dichlorobis-(cyclohexylamine)platinum(II) on Chinese hamster ovary cells.
topological insulator
(154 times)
Nanotechnology
(55 times)
SA (9 times)
SOC (9 times)
ARPES (5 times)
2010 Unconventional superconductivity on a topological insulator.
tonic immobility
(147 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(52 times)
CORT (9 times)
PAG (9 times)
BLA (5 times)
1975 Possible serotonergic mediation of tonic immobility: effects of morphine and serotonin blockade.
thalassemia intermedia
(138 times)
Hematology
(82 times)
TM (67 times)
HU (9 times)
Hb (8 times)
1982 [Thalassaemia intermedia. Clinical and laboratory study. Therapeutic suggestions (author's transl)].
thymus-independent
(109 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(91 times)
TD (61 times)
TNP (12 times)
LPS (9 times)
1976 Requirement for accessory cells in the antibody response to T cell-independent antigens in vitro.
thermodynamic integration
(108 times)
Chemistry
(80 times)
MD (20 times)
FEP (9 times)
LIE (7 times)
1993 Inversion of receptor binding preferences by mutagenesis: free energy thermodynamic integration studies on sugar binding to L-arabinose binding proteins.
T cell-independent
(88 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(52 times)
TD (39 times)
MZ (10 times)
PyV (6 times)
1979 B-cell subsets responsive to fluorescein-conjugated antigens. III. Differential effect of E. Coli lipopolysaccharide on T-dependent and T-independent responses in vivo.
trypsin inhibitor
(88 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(28 times)
RV (6 times)
SBM (4 times)
AA (3 times)
1973 Effect of a protease inhibitor on the adhesion of Ehrlich ascites cells to host cells in vivo.
10  treatment interruption
(62 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(30 times)
ART (25 times)
HAART (8 times)
cART (5 times)
2001 Immune responses and reconstitution in HIV-1 infected individuals: impact of anti-retroviral therapy, cytokines and therapeutic vaccination.
11  tracheal intubation
(60 times)
Anesthesiology
(21 times)
ICU (5 times)
ILMA (4 times)
HEMS (3 times)
1997 Facial mask noninvasive mechanical ventilation reduces the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia. A prospective epidemiological survey from a single ICU.
12  T-independent
(47 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(34 times)
TD (25 times)
PFC (7 times)
LPS (6 times)
1977 B-cell tolerance. II. Trinitrophenyl human gamma globulin-induced tolerance in adult and neonatal murine B cells responsive to thymus-dependent and independent forms of the same hapten.
13  tubulointerstitial
(47 times)
Nephrology
(24 times)
TGF-beta1 (4 times)
UUO (4 times)
alpha-SMA (3 times)
1978 Histology of human tubulo-interstitial nephritis associated with antibodies to renal basement membranes.
14  terminal ileum
(46 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
CD (16 times)
IBD (8 times)
UC (7 times)
1991 Effects of molybdenum and sulfur on digestion by steers.
15  transitive inference
(42 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(14 times)
PFC (3 times)
ASD (2 times)
HC (2 times)
2002 Cognitive mechanisms of transitive inference.
16  tricuspid insufficiency
(42 times)
Cardiology
(34 times)
RV (6 times)
PAP (3 times)
RA (3 times)
1976 [Surgical management of acquired tricuspid insufficiency--valvular replacement or annuloplasty? (author's transl)].
17  transfusion independence
(34 times)
Neoplasms
(20 times)
MDS (25 times)
TD (14 times)
RBC (13 times)
2003 Bone mineral density, biochemical and hormonal profiles in suboptimally treated children and adolescents with beta-thalassaemia disease.
18  teratogenic index
(33 times)
Toxicology
(13 times)
FETAX (9 times)
AI (6 times)
LOAEC (3 times)
1983 Aspirin and dipyridamole reduce platelet deposition on prosthetic femoro-popliteal grafts in man.
19  tolerance index
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
TF (10 times)
BCF (5 times)
BF (5 times)
2002 Lead, zinc and copper accumulation and tolerance in populations of Paspalum distichum and Cynodon dactylon.
20  Technosphere Insulin
(28 times)
Endocrinology
(14 times)
HbA1c (3 times)
PPG (3 times)
RHI (3 times)
2005 Pulmonary insulin delivery by means of the Technosphere drug carrier mechanism.
21  thermal index
(27 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(16 times)
MI (15 times)
NT (2 times)
PII (2 times)
1999 Rationale and derivation of MI and TI--a review.
22  time interval
(26 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CS (4 times)
US (4 times)
DH (2 times)
1984 [Doppler analysis of blood flow of the supratrochlear artery: age specific pattern analysis in healthy and hypertensive patients].
23  timed intercourse
(26 times)
Medicine
(9 times)
IUI (21 times)
IVF (6 times)
OHSS (5 times)
1992 Comparison of intrauterine insemination, intracervical insemination, and timed intercourse in women treated with human menopausal gonadotropin.
24  time-intensity
(25 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
TDS (3 times)
APCI-MS (2 times)
AUC (2 times)
1994 Chemoreception and perception of the bitterness of isohumulones.
25  transfusion index
(23 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
MSBOS (7 times)
SOS (4 times)
C/T (3 times)
1994 Blood requirement and utilization in spinal surgery (blood in spinal surgery).
26  therapeutic inertia
(22 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
BP (4 times)
INR (3 times)
MS (3 times)
2002 Prospective evaluation of the quality of oral anticoagulation management in an outpatient clinic and in general practices.
27  thoracic irradiation
(21 times)
Transplantation
(9 times)
SCLC (6 times)
WBI (5 times)
CAV (3 times)
1982 The role of thoracic and cranial irradiation for small cell carcinoma of the lung.
28  thymus index
(21 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
SI (9 times)
BCG (3 times)
BW (3 times)
1989 Immunosuppression in experimental cryptococcosis in rats. Induction of thymic suppressor cells.
29  trachomatous inflammation-intense
(21 times)
Tropical Medicine
(8 times)
TF (17 times)
TT (6 times)
CI (5 times)
1992 [Application of the new trachoma grading system of WHO].
30  treatment index
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
CPE (3 times)
RSV (3 times)
ADD (1 time)
2000 [Experimental research on inhibitory effect of alcohol extracts from Loranthus yadoriki Sieb. on coxsackie B3 virus].
31  true insulin
(21 times)
Internal Medicine
(5 times)
BMI (9 times)
PI (8 times)
IRI (6 times)
2000 [The clinical significance of true insulin and proinsulin levels in subjects with different glucose tolerance].
32  type I
(20 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
TII (16 times)
PWS (4 times)
ACE2 (1 time)
2002 Alveolar epithelial type I cells contain transport proteins and transport sodium, supporting an active role for type I cells in regulation of lung liquid homeostasis.
33  tortuosity index
(19 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
IC (4 times)
ROP (4 times)
AUC (3 times)
2007 Plus disease in retinopathy of prematurity: pilot study of computer-based and expert diagnosis.
34  transcallosal inhibition
(18 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
TMS (9 times)
CC (4 times)
MEP (3 times)
1995 Inhibitory and excitatory interhemispheric transfers between motor cortical areas in normal humans and patients with abnormalities of the corpus callosum.
35  triangular index
(18 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
HRV (14 times)
SDNN (6 times)
BMI (3 times)
1999 Normal ranges and reproducibility of statistical, geometric, frequency domain, and non-linear measures of 24-hour heart rate variability.
36  tuberoinfundibular
(18 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
DA (8 times)
i.c.v (3 times)
PVN (3 times)
1976 Dopamine/neuroleptic receptors in basal hypothalamus and pituitary.
37  thallium
(17 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
CAD (2 times)
CO3 (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
1980 The evaluation of ischemic heart disease thallium-210 with comments on radionuclide angiography.
38  theca interna
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
GC (9 times)
CL (7 times)
FF (5 times)
1982 Cellular interconnections in the young mouse ovary. Freeze-fracture study.
39  thoracic impedance
(17 times)
Emergency Medicine
(5 times)
CD (3 times)
CPR (2 times)
ECG (2 times)
1992 Reduced left ventricular diameters at onset of bradycardia during epidural anaesthesia.
40  transport index
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
Fa (2 times)
BCF (1 time)
BIS (1 time)
1985 Evaluation of transport kinetics in lymphoscintigraphy: follow-up study in patients with transplanted lymphatic vessels.
41  targeted intervention
(15 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
SI (2 times)
TIP (2 times)
UC (2 times)
1996 Does multiple risk factor reduction explain the reduction in fall rate in the Yale FICSIT Trial? Frailty and Injuries Cooperative Studies of Intervention Techniques.
42  transient inward current
(15 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
AC (2 times)
DAD (2 times)
EAD (2 times)
1976 Transient inward current underlying arrhythmogenic effects of cardiotonic steroids in Purkinje fibres.
43  tail intensity
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
TM (5 times)
TL (4 times)
8-oxodG (1 time)
2007 Ferric iron is genotoxic in non-transformed and preneoplastic human colon cells.
44  telophase I
(14 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
MI (8 times)
MII (8 times)
GV (6 times)
1990 Timing of sequential changes in chromosome configurations during the 1st meiotic division of pig oocytes cultured in vitro.
45  touch imprint
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
FS (3 times)
CNB (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1999 Accuracy of touch imprint cytology of image-directed breast core needle biopsies.
46  toxicity index
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
ABR (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
1984 In vitro toxicity of halogenated anaesthetics on guineapig alveolar macrophages, surviving in gas phase.
47  tunnel infection
(13 times)
Nephrology
(12 times)
ESI (11 times)
CAPD (4 times)
PD (4 times)
1992 Exit-site/tunnel infection and catheter outcome in peritoneal dialysis patients.
48  translation initiation
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
MM (2 times)
MVs (2 times)
AAVs (1 time)
1992 Generating compatible translation initiation regions for heterologous gene expression in Escherichia coli by exhaustive periShine-Dalgarno mutagenesis. Human glutathione reductase cDNA as a model.
49  tetrahedral intermediate
(11 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
ES (2 times)
cat (1 time)
DUBs (1 time)
2004 Structural studies of Streptococcus pneumoniae EPSP synthase in unliganded state, tetrahedral intermediate-bound state and S3P-GLP-bound state.
50  tilt illusion
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
TAE (3 times)
RFI (1 time)
ZCs (1 time)
1979 A comparison of visual tilt illusions measured by the techniques of verticle setting, parallel matching, and dot alignment.
51  inversion time
(10 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
IR (3 times)
FLAIR (2 times)
SE (2 times)
1989 Short TI inversion-recovery imaging of the liver: pulse-sequence optimization and comparison with spin-echo imaging.
52  transcriptional interference
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AFM (1 time)
GCs (1 time)
lncRNAs (1 time)
1999 Transcriptional and structural study of a region of two convergent overlapping yeast genes.
53  transversely isotropic
(10 times)
Biology
(2 times)
FE (2 times)
MRE (2 times)
AoS (1 time)
2013 Finite element modeling of impulsive excitation and shear wave propagation in an incompressible, transversely isotropic medium.
54  treatment intensification
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
BP (5 times)
SBP (4 times)
ACR (1 time)
2009 Intensifying therapy for hypertension despite suboptimal adherence.
55  tricuspid incompetence
(10 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
DCM (1 time)
GASC (1 time)
IVC (1 time)
1975 [Long-term course of nonoperated tricuspid insufficiency following surgical correction of mitral and mitro-aortic valve diseases].
56  therapeutic interchange
(9 times)
Pharmacy
(6 times)
ACEIs (1 time)
ARBs (1 time)
CINV (1 time)
1998 Therapeutic-interchange program for oral histamine H2-receptor antagonists.
57  time of inspiration
(9 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
TE (5 times)
VT (4 times)
AVES-N (1 time)
1985 Respiratory effects of brief baroreceptor stimuli in the anesthetized dog.
58  trachomatous inflammation
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
TF (8 times)
WHO (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2006 A community-based trachoma survey: prevalence and risk factors in the Tigray region of northern Ethiopia.
59  translocation index
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
BCF (3 times)
AMF (1 time)
APX (1 time)
1989 Lymphocyte transformation in patients with HBsAg-positive chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma.
60  turbulence intensity
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
DUS (3 times)
PC-MRI (2 times)
CCA (1 time)
2006 Quantification of intravoxel velocity standard deviation and turbulence intensity by generalizing phase-contrast MRI.
61  Tei index
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
LV (7 times)
ICT (4 times)
IRT (3 times)
2002 The Tei index: a new prognostic index for patients with symptomatic heart failure.
62  traditional instrumentation
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CORI (2 times)
GL (2 times)
PSI (2 times)
1994 Staff attitudes and job satisfaction in the care of demented elderly people: group living compared with long-term care institutions.
63  temporal integration
(7 times)
Audiology
(4 times)
MPI (2 times)
AAV.Ntf3 (1 time)
ABR (1 time)
1982 Temporal integration and presbycusis.
64  thermal injury
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BT (1 time)
CCL2 (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1989 Evidence of a plasma-mediated "window" of immunodeficiency in rats following trauma.
65  thoracic electrical impedance
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
HR (4 times)
CVP (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
1992 Plasma endothelin-1 during central hypovolaemia in man.
66  tobacco industry
(7 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
FCTC (2 times)
FM (1 time)
ITP (1 time)
2008 Tobacco Industry Strategies to Obstruct the FCTC in Argentina.
67  transiently infected
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
p.i (7 times)
BVDV (4 times)
BTM (2 times)
2009 Differential expression of the type I interferon pathway during persistent and transient bovine viral diarrhea virus infection.
68  translation-invariant
(7 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
DW (1 time)
FTI (1 time)
LMS (1 time)
2006 Translation-invariant contourlet transform and its application to image denoising.
69  tubulointerstitial inflammation
(7 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
ACR (2 times)
DCGS (2 times)
DSA (2 times)
2006 Oxalate ions and calcium oxalate crystal-induced up-regulation of osteopontin and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in renal fibroblasts.
70  turnover index
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AI (2 times)
MAO (2 times)
MI (2 times)
1978 Relation of biogenic amines to onset of puberty in the female rat.
71  tension index
(6 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
AIR (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
1989 [Disorders of cardiac rhythm in children with pre- and perinatal damage of the brain].
72  term infants
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
LPI (3 times)
CS (2 times)
AIMS (1 time)
1988 Plasma mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, and progestins in premature infants: longitudinal study during the first week of life.
73  thickness index
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AI (6 times)
BLM (3 times)
PAH (3 times)
2004 VEGFmRNA and eNOSmRNA expression in immature rabbits with bleomycin-induced pulmonary hypertension.
74  thoracic inlet
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
TIA (3 times)
CL (2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
1999 Subclavian artery resection and reconstruction for thoracic inlet cancers.
75  thymidine incorporation
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CML (1 time)
DT (1 time)
1976 Suppression of mixed lymphocyte response in mice bearing primary tumors induced by murine sarcoma virus.
76  time-independent
(6 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
TD (5 times)
APTT (1 time)
DCSs (1 time)
1988 Time dependency of lupuslike anticoagulants.
77  total iron
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PK (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
UIBC (2 times)
1997 A longitudinal study of unsaturated iron-binding capacity and lactoferrin in unstimulated parotid saliva.
78  transient ischemia
(6 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
IR (2 times)
CK (1 time)
DP (1 time)
1985 The effect of glucose-insulin-potassium on thallium-201 myocardial redistribution.
79  Trauma Index
(6 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
ISS (2 times)
AT (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
1993 [Polytrauma and predicting fatality. Comparative evaluation of the value of the Kirkpatrick-Youmans Trauma Index (TI), Schreinlechner-Eber modified TI (TI mod.), and the Baker Injury Severity Score].
80  trypsin
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
A-B (1 time)
aa (1 time)
1979 [Stability and specificity of extracellular protein inhibitor for trypsin from Actinomyces janthinus 118].
81  inflammatory trachoma
(5 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
TF (4 times)
WHO (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2001 Immune response to chlamydial 60-kilodalton heat shock protein in tears from Nepali trachoma patients.
82  temporal-inferior
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
NI (4 times)
NS (4 times)
TS (4 times)
2011 The association between diurnal variation of optic nerve head topography and intraocular pressure and ocular perfusion pressure in untreated primary open-angle glaucoma.
83  therapy interruption
(5 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(3 times)
ART (2 times)
PBMCs (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2005 Interruption of highly active antiretroviral therapy in HIV clinical practice: results from the Italian Cohort of Antiretroviral-Naive Patients.
84  threshold intensity
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CCT (3 times)
CL (3 times)
MEP (2 times)
1996 Transcranial magnetic stimulation in partial epilepsy: drug-induced changes of motor excitability.
85  time index
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ABPM (1 time)
AD (1 time)
ANS (1 time)
1987 Selection for early responsiveness of chicks to Escherichia coli and Newcastle disease virus.
86  tonic index
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CA (4 times)
CF (4 times)
FPF (4 times)
2011 [Nitric oxide modulates biphasic changes of isolated lymphatic contraction in hemorrhagic shock rats].
87  total iodine
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
PBI (2 times)
HI (1 time)
USI (1 time)
1977 [Effect of ultrasonic energy on serum thyronine levels].
88  total ischemia
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
IC (3 times)
AAP10 (1 time)
AC (1 time)
1990 [The cardioprotective effect of a new Soviet synthetic analog of the endogenous opioids in stress due to total myocardial ischemia and its mechanisms].
89  total isoflavone
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
DPPH (2 times)
TPC (2 times)
DZ (1 time)
2008 Isoflavone composition, phenol content, and antioxidant activity of soybean seeds from India and Bulgaria.
90  training image
(5 times)
Physical Phenomena
(3 times)
HF (1 time)
MPG (1 time)
MPS (1 time)
2013 Accounting for aquifer heterogeneity from geological data to management tools.
91  triple-injection
(5 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
SI (3 times)
ART (1 time)
IBPB (1 time)
1992 Immunization of young chickens by trickle infection with Eimeria tenella.
92  tumor-infiltrating
(5 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CN (2 times)
MR (2 times)
Ang (1 time)
2002 Tumor-infiltrating endothelial cells and endothelial precursor cells in inflammatory breast cancer.
93  turnover intention
(5 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
JS (2 times)
OC (2 times)
DJ (1 time)
2009 [The mediating role of organizational citizenship behavior between organizational justice and organizational effectiveness in nursing organizations].
94  talent identification
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Predictive smooth pursuit eye movements during identification of moving acuity targets.
95  temperature-independent
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
TMI (2 times)
DAA (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
1978 [Equilibrium dynamics of the 3-dimensional structure of globular proteins].
96  Texas Instruments
(4 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
BDT (1 time)
BP-ANN (1 time)
DGI (1 time)
1989 TI (Texas Instruments): succeeding in an increasingly competitive market. Interview by Bill W. Childs.
97  textural indices
(4 times)
Oncogenes
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
BC (1 time)
CET1 (1 time)
2015 18F-FDG PET-Derived Textural Indices Reflect Tissue-Specific Uptake Pattern in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
98  thrombogenic
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AI (3 times)
MUFA (2 times)
PUFA (2 times)
2012 Fatty acid composition in hybrid pigs as based on local fatty Lithuanian breed and wild boar.
99  thymidine labeling index
(4 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
EGF (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
HDFs (1 time)
1976 Endothelial growth factor present in tissue culture of CNS tumors.
100  thyroid incidentalomas
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
TNs (1 time)
2014 Frequency of thyroid incidentalomas in Karachi population.