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Abbreviation: TIR
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Long forms: 124

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Toll/interleukin-1 receptor
(263 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(63 times)
TLRs (56 times)
LRR (43 times)
TLR (40 times)
2000 Toll-like receptor family and signalling pathway.
total internal reflection
(200 times)
Ophthalmology
(95 times)
SM (8 times)
SPR (7 times)
ATR-IR (4 times)
1987 Passive optical element with selective angular reflection.
Toll/IL-1 receptor
(105 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(37 times)
TLRs (33 times)
TLR (27 times)
MyD88 (14 times)
2000 The interleukin-1 receptor/Toll-like receptor superfamily: signal generators for pro-inflammatory interleukins and microbial products.
translation initiation region
(63 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
SD (10 times)
sRNAs (3 times)
DB (2 times)
1988 Determinants of translational initiation efficiency in the atp operon of Escherichia coli.
terminal inverted repeat
(51 times)
Molecular Biology
(18 times)
SFV (5 times)
ORF (4 times)
MITE (3 times)
1986 Tumorigenic poxviruses: analysis of viral DNA sequences implicated in the tumorigenicity of Shope fibroma virus and malignant rabbit virus.
Toll/IL-1R
(47 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(29 times)
TLRs (8 times)
TLR (7 times)
TRIF (7 times)
2002 Cloning of a Salmo salar interleukin-1 receptor-like cDNA.
thermal infrared
(32 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(8 times)
LST (9 times)
UAV (3 times)
VNIR (3 times)
1999 Vicarious calibration of the moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer airborne simulator thermal-infrared channels.
tumor inhibition rate
(21 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
DTX (4 times)
NC (2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
1999 lnhibition of arsenic trioxide on human tongue cancer cell line Tca8113 cells in Scid mice in vivo
Toll/IL-1 resistance
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
TLR (4 times)
TLRs (3 times)
MyD88 (2 times)
2003 A low molecular weight mimic of the Toll/IL-1 receptor/resistance domain inhibits IL-1 receptor-mediated responses.
10  Toll/interleukin-1 receptor homology
(10 times)
Botany
(5 times)
LRR (3 times)
NBS (3 times)
SA (2 times)
1999 Plant disease resistance genes encode members of an ancient and diverse protein family within the nucleotide-binding superfamily.
11  Toll/interleukin-1R
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
PRRs (3 times)
TLR (3 times)
TLRs (3 times)
2000 Toll-like receptors: a growing family of immune receptors that are differentially expressed and regulated by different leukocytes.
12  time in range
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
CGM (3 times)
ICU (2 times)
MARD (2 times)
2010 Economic evaluation of cinacalcet in the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in Italy.
13  Toll/interleukin-1 receptor/resistance protein
(9 times)
Science
(3 times)
TLR (4 times)
BPEx (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2003 A bioinformatic approach to the identification of bacterial proteins interacting with Toll-interleukin 1 receptor-resistance (TIR) homology domains.
14  terminal innervation ratio
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
ALS (1 time)
CMT (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
1976 Morphological and histochemical changes of motor units in myasthenia.
15  transmission infrared
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
FTPI (2 times)
IgG (2 times)
PLSR (2 times)
1990 Physical state of misoprostol in hydroxypropyl methylcellulose films.
16  thyroidal iodine release
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
TRH (2 times)
ART (1 time)
1973 Assessment of thyrotropin-releasing hormone and thyrotropin reserve in man.
17  tiron
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NAC (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
APC (1 time)
2003 Anesthetic preconditioning improves adenosine triphosphate synthesis and reduces reactive oxygen species formation in mitochondria after ischemia by a redox dependent mechanism.
18  TLR/IL-1R
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
IL (1 time)
MPO (1 time)
2007 ST2 is essential for Th2 responsiveness and resistance to pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis.
19  transmission
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
ATR (1 time)
DMA (1 time)
1991 Mechanism of misoprostol stabilization in hydroxypropyl methylcellulose.
20  turbo-inversion-recovery
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
ALD (1 time)
Cho (1 time)
CSE (1 time)
1996 [Magnetic resonance tomography diagnosis of neuronal migration disorders].
21  TLR/IL-1 receptor/resistance
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
TLR (2 times)
CADD (1 time)
MyD88 (1 time)
2006 Details of Toll-like receptor:adapter interaction revealed by germ-line mutagenesis.
22  Toll/IL-1 receptor homology domain
(3 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
LRRs (2 times)
RACE (2 times)
TLR (2 times)
2005 TICAM-1 and TICAM-2: toll-like receptor adapters that participate in induction of type 1 interferons.
23  Toll/IL-1R homology
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
TLR (2 times)
DD (1 time)
ID (1 time)
2002 Drosophila MyD88 is required for the response to fungal and Gram-positive bacterial infections.
24  toxin-induced resistance
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
LeTx (2 times)
BNIP3 (1 time)
HDAC (1 time)
2003 Toxin-induced resistance in Bacillus anthracis lethal toxin-treated macrophages.
25  target impulse response
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
MI (1 time)
MIMO (1 time)
MPPSK (1 time)
2018 Waveform Optimization for Target Estimation by Cognitive Radar with Multiple Antennas.
26  technical information report
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
final rule (1 time)
2006 Guidance on the new packaging standard.
27  temperature induction response
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2003 Screening of inbred lines to develop a thermotolerant sunflower hybrid using the temperature induction response (TIR) technique: a novel approach by exploiting residual variability.
28  Thermal Infra-red
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BRDF (1 time)
MIR (1 time)
MODIS (1 time)
2008 Intercomparison of two BRDF models in the estimation of the directional emissivity in MIR channel from MSG1-SEVIRI data.
29  tibial internal rotation
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AKP (1 time)
DF (1 time)
2015 Evaluating the coupling between foot pronation and tibial internal rotation continuously using vector coding.
30  time in room
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ANIs (1 time)
BOT (1 time)
CDR (1 time)
2011 Improved clinical efficiency in CNS stereotactic radiosurgery using a flattening filter free linear accelerator.
31  TLRs and IL-1 receptor
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
2003 Control of the expression of inflammatory response genes.
32  toll and mammalian interleukin-1 receptor
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Col (1 time)
NB-LRR (1 time)
NBS-LRR (1 time)
2002 Diversity in nucleotide binding site-leucine-rich repeat genes in cereals.
33  Toll-like receptor/interleukin-1
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
GI (1 time)
IL1B (1 time)
2014 Characterization and structure of the vaccinia virus NF-kappaB antagonist A46.
34  Toll-like-interleukin-1 resistance
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
IFN (1 time)
MyD88 (1 time)
TLR (1 time)
2004 Endotoxin recognition and signal transduction by the TLR4/MD2-complex.
35  Toll/IL-1R domain
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
LRR (2 times)
TLRs (2 times)
DmTolls (1 time)
2007 Molecular cloning and expression of a Toll receptor gene homologue from Zhikong Scallop, Chlamys farreri.
36  toll/IR-1
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
I/R (1 time)
ICH (1 time)
MyD88 (1 time)
2013 Toll-like receptor 4 antagonist attenuates intracerebral hemorrhage-induced brain injury.
37  total insulin receptor
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
APIR (2 times)
PCOS (2 times)
AN (1 time)
2004 The insulin resistant subphenotype of polycystic ovary syndrome: clinical parameters and pathogenesis.
38  Transport Inhibitor Response
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
ABP1 (1 time)
AFB (1 time)
NBP (1 time)
1997 Reduced naphthylphthalamic acid binding in the tir3 mutant of Arabidopsis is associated with a reduction in polar auxin transport and diverse morphological defects.
39  tuberculosis and respiratory infections area
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
SEIMC (1 time)
UITB (1 time)
1999 [Consensus document on tuberculosis prevention and control in Spain. Research Unit on Tuberculosis of Barcelona (UITB). Area of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Infections (TIR) of the Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery (SEPAR) and Study Group on Aids (GESIDA) of the Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology (SEIMC)].
40  6-trained, immobilized and rehabilitated
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
LLP (1 time)
MLL (1 time)
SI (1 time)
2008 Biomechanical effects of immobilization and rehabilitation on the skeletal muscle of trained and sedentary rats.
41  groups--toll and interleukin receptor-1
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NBS (1 time)
R-genes (1 time)
RGAs (1 time)
2007 Diversity and evolutionary relationship of nucleotide binding site-encoding disease-resistance gene analogues in sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas Lam.).
42  Near-Total Internal Reflection
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2017 Refractive Index Imaging of Cells with Variable-Angle Near-Total Internal Reflection (TIR) Microscopy.
43  non-Toll/interleukin-1 receptor homology region
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
NBS (1 time)
2004 Full-genome analysis of resistance gene homologues in rice.
44  target INR range
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 2009 A multicentre randomised assessment of the DAWN AC computer-assisted oral anticoagulant dosage program.
45  targeted intervention research
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
STD (1 time)
1998 Targeted intervention research studies on sexually transmitted diseases (STD): methodology, selected findings and implications for STD service delivery and communications.
46  telescopic intramedullary rod
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
OI (1 time)
2018 Effects of a telescopic intramedullary rod for treating patients with osteogenesis imperfecta of the femur.
47  Telescopio InfraRosso
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1989 New far infrared and millimetric telescopes for differential measurements with a large chopping angle in the sky.
48  temperature increase rate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
COD (1 time)
FT (1 time)
2011 Optimization of microwave pretreatment conditions to maximize methane production and methane yield in mesophilic anaerobic sludge digestion.
49  temperature-induced recrystallization
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
PIA (1 time)
2014 Pressure effects on the vibrational properties of alpha-Bi(2)O(3): an experimental and theoretical study.
50  temporary institutional respite
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 1997 Temporary institutional respite in dementia cases: who utilizes this form of respite care and what effect does it have?
51  test ignorance region
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2003 A global sensitivity analysis of performance of a medical diagnostic test when verification bias is present.
52  testicular ischemia- reperfusion
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DIA (1 time)
IL-1b (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2018 Mechanism mediating the protective effect of diacerein in ischemia-reperfusion-induced testicular injury in rats.
53  testis differentiation in the B6-Y
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Low levels of Sry transcripts cannot be the sole cause of B6-Y(TIR) sex reversal.
54  testosterone-immunized rabbits
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
LH (1 time)
1981 Peripheral concentrations of gonadotropins and progestins during pregnancy in rabbits after active immunization against testosterone.
55  therapeutic INR range
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
OAT (1 time)
PSM (1 time)
2009 Self-monitoring of oral anticoagulation: does it work outside trial conditions?
56  therapy of immune reconstitution
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
TME (1 time)
2018 [Issues of the current terminology in multiple sclerosis].
57  thermally-induced relaxation
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LIR (1 time)
1994 Ligand binding to heme proteins: the effect of light on ligand binding in myoglobin.
58  thermoinduced radioresistance
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 1984 [Genetic determination and mechanism of realization of temperature-induced radioresistance].
59  thiamine + ovarian ischemia-reperfusion
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
SG (1 time)
TPIR (1 time)
2013 A comparative investigation of biochemical and histopathological effects of thiamine and thiamine pyrophosphate on ischemia-reperfusion induced oxidative damage in rat ovarian tissue.
60  thumb index ratio
(1 time)
Central Nervous System
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CTS (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
2013 Quantitative evaluation of median nerve motor function in carpal tunnel syndrome using load cell : correlation with clinical, electrodiagnostic, and ultrasonographic findings.
61  thumb internal rotation
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ADM (1 time)
APB (1 time)
BRA (1 time)
2018 Muscle Synergy for Hand Motions Based on Electromyography Analysis.
62  Thymectomized, irradiated and syngeneic bone marrow-repopulated
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1976 Effect of the thymus on erythropoietin production in response to hypobaric hypoxia in mice.
63  Thymectomized, lethally irradiated and bone marrow cell-reconstituted mice
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
Ep (1 time)
ERA (1 time)
ERC (1 time)
1983 Erythroid-committed progenitors and spleen colony-forming cells in adult thymus-deprived mice.
64  thymectomized, lethally irradiated, syngeneic bone marrow reconstituted
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1982 Failure of parental T cells to restore T-cell deficient F1 mice.
65  thymectomy and irradiation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NIR (1 time)
1987 Regeneration of spleen colony-forming cells and granulocyte-monocyte progenitors in T-cell deprived mice treated with cyclophosphamide.
66  thymectomy, irradiation and bone marrow reconstitution
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CFU-S stimulator (1 time)
CY (1 time)
1991 Stimulator of proliferation of spleen colony-forming cells in T-cell deprived mice treated with cyclophosphamide or irradiation.
67  thymidine incorporation rate
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1985 Cell proliferation kinetics in the gastric remnant.
68  time in range of INR
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
INR (1 time)
VKA (1 time)
2016 Patient knowledge of anticoagulant treatment does not correlate with treatment quality.
69  time in targeted blood glucose range
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
DM (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2015 Time in blood glucose range 70 to 140 mg/dl >80% is strongly associated with increased survival in non-diabetic critically ill adults.
70  time-resolved infrared spectroscopy
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2005 Observation of excited-state proton transfer in green fluorescent protein using ultrafast vibrational spectroscopy.
71  Timing it Right
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
2009 Education and support needs during recovery in acute respiratory distress syndrome survivors.
72  TIR domain
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
MyD88 (1 time)
2018 Identification and functional characterization of three myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) isoforms from thick shell mussel Mytilus coruscus.
73  tirofiban
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
DCS (1 time)
2018 Tirofiban, a Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa Antagonist, Has a Protective Effect on Decompression Sickness in Rats: Is the Crosstalk Between Platelet and Leukocytes Essential?
74  Tirosint
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
SYN (1 time)
2009 A comparative pH-dissolution profile study of selected commercial levothyroxine products using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry.
75  tissue indentation resistance
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
LLLT (1 time)
MLD (1 time)
TDC (1 time)
2011 Changes in tissue water and indentation resistance of lymphedematous limbs accompanying low level laser therapy (LLLT) of fibrotic skin.
76  tissue infection-related
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IE (1 time)
SAB (1 time)
UFR (1 time)
2000 Prospective analysis of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in nonneutropenic adults with malignancy.
77  tissue inflammatory reaction
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
LS (1 time)
MIL (1 time)
2011 Severe inflammatory reaction induced by peritoneal trauma is the key driving mechanism of postoperative adhesion formation.
78  tissue ingrowth rate
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CIR (1 time)
TCC (1 time)
2018 Devising tissue ingrowth metrics: a contribution to the computational characterization of engineered soft tissue healing.
79  TLR and IL-1R-related
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
MyD88 (1 time)
2007 Identification and characterization of a myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) cDNA from Zhikong scallop Chlamys farreri.
80  Toll-Interleukin-1 related
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Functional mapping and identification of novel regulators for the Toll/Interleukin-1 signalling network by transcription expression cloning.
81  Toll-Like or IL-1 Receptor
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
GSK-3 (1 time)
IL-2 (1 time)
MyD88 (1 time)
2006 The adaptor molecule MyD88 activates PI-3 kinase signaling in CD4+ T cells and enables CpG oligodeoxynucleotide-mediated costimulation.
82  Toll-like receptor/inerleukin-1 receptor-like
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Activation of macrophages by linear (1right-arrow3)-beta-D-glucans. Impliations for the recognition of fungi by innate immunity.
83  Toll-like/IL-1 receptor
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
CCs (1 time)
LRR (1 time)
NLR (1 time)
2017 Signaling from the plasma-membrane localized plant immune receptor RPM1 requires self-association of the full-length protein.
84  Toll-like/IL-1R
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
Ig (1 time)
IL (1 time)
IL-1R (1 time)
2015 The interleukin (IL)-1 cytokine family--Balance between agonists and antagonists in inflammatory diseases.
85  toll-like/interleukin-1 receptor recognition
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PBMCs (1 time)
TLR (1 time)
2017 Rational design of peptide derivatives for inhibition of MyD88-mediated toll-like receptor signaling in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells and epithelial cells exposed to Francisella tularensis.
86  Toll-like/Interleukin-1, -17, and -18 receptor
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
RZ (1 time)
TNF (1 time)
TNFR (1 time)
2010 TRAF6 is autoinhibited by an intramolecular interaction which is counteracted by trans-ubiquitination.
87  Toll/IL-1 receptor domain
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
Myd88 (1 time)
SNP (1 time)
2009 Characterization analysis and polymorphism detection of the porcine Myd88 gene.
88  Toll/IL-1R homologous region
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
bbt (1 time)
TICAM (1 time)
2015 Novel Toll/IL-1 Receptor Homologous Region Adaptors Act as Negative Regulators in Amphioxus TLR Signaling.
89  Toll/IL-1R homology domain
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IL (1 time)
TLRs (1 time)
2003 Toll-like receptor signalling pathways as key targets for mediating the anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects of glucocorticoids.
90  Toll/IL-1R intracellular domain
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2010 TLR4 and TLR5 on corneal macrophages regulate Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis by signaling through MyD88-dependent and -independent pathways.
91  Toll/IL-1R/plant R gene homology
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
IL-1R (1 time)
IRAK1 (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2002 Severe impairment of interleukin-1 and Toll-like receptor signalling in mice lacking IRAK-4.
92  toll/interleukin
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
R genes (1 time)
2015 Identification and distribution of the NBS-LRR gene family in the Cassava genome.
93  topological index of reactivity
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
max (1 time)
REPE (1 time)
2009 Are thermodynamic and kinetic stabilities correlated? A topological index of reactivity toward electrophiles used as a criterion of aromaticity of polycyclic benzenoid hydrocarbons.
94  total IAPP secretion rate
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IAPP (1 time)
NGT (1 time)
1997 Elevated islet amyloid pancreatic polypeptide and proinsulin in lean gestational diabetes.
95  total identification rates
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
DBIR (1 time)
1998 Evaluation of six commercial systems for identification of medically important yeasts.
96  total immunoreactive insulin
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1975 Carbohydrate metabolism in pregnancy: XIII. Relationships between plasma insulin and proinsulin during late pregnancy in normal and diabetic subjects.
97  total immunoreactive substance
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IRP (1 time)
ISP (1 time)
1971 Direct measurement of proinsulin in human plasma by the use of an insulin-degrading enzyme.
98  total indices for radiographic findings
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
RBVs (1 time)
2005 Evaluation of expected response to selection for orthopedic health and performance traits in Hanoverian Warmblood horses.
99  total integrated
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1983 Increased plasma pancreatic polypeptide in chronic alcohol abuse.
100  total integrated responses
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NT (1 time)
1990 Gut regulatory peptides and pancreatic beta-cell response to nutritional stimuli in the elderly.