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Abbreviation: TL
Appearance Frequency: 3156 time(s)
Long forms: 536

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
thermoluminescence
(528 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(274 times)
OSL (43 times)
PL (36 times)
XRD (33 times)
1975 Series of high-sensitivity TL phosphors made from divalent-metal sulfates.
telomere length
(388 times)
Neoplasms
(48 times)
TA (23 times)
CI (16 times)
qPCR (13 times)
1997 Examination of telomere lengths in muscle tissue casts doubt on replicative aging as cause of progression in Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
total lipids
(143 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(24 times)
TG (48 times)
PL (43 times)
TC (20 times)
1977 Amniotic fluid proteins and lipids in normal and high-risk pregnancies and their relation to foetal outcome.
total laryngectomy
(115 times)
Otolaryngology
(74 times)
RT (17 times)
TEP (11 times)
QOL (8 times)
1989 [Oropharyngeal functional evaluation in patients subjected to total laryngectomy with phonatory prosthesis. Manometric and isotopic study].
total length
(112 times)
Biology
(35 times)
BW (11 times)
FL (7 times)
dph (4 times)
1986 [Attempt at quantification of the clinical picture of varices for epidemiologic, therapeutic and data-processing purposes].
thymus leukemia
(91 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(49 times)
MHC (6 times)
GPC (4 times)
IEC (3 times)
1967 Modification of the antigenic structure of the cell membrane by thymus-leukemia (TL) antibody.
thoracolumbar
(76 times)
Orthopedics
(23 times)
LS (16 times)
CT (6 times)
DRG (5 times)
1980 Natural rigaidity of the horse's backbone.
tail length
(72 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
TM (27 times)
BW (7 times)
BL (6 times)
1976 Age-dependence of body weight and linear dimensions in adult Mus and Peromyscus.
training load
(70 times)
Sports Medicine
(42 times)
RPE (22 times)
HR (16 times)
sRPE (14 times)
2007 Methods to quantify intermittent exercises.
10  temporal lobe
(54 times)
Neurology
(30 times)
TLE (12 times)
MRI (8 times)
PET (4 times)
1985 Androgen aromatization and 5 alpha-reduction in ferret brain during perinatal development: effects of sex and testosterone manipulation.
11  transfer latency
(37 times)
Pharmacology
(17 times)
SDL (15 times)
MDA (10 times)
EPM (5 times)
1991 Effect of a herbal psychotropic preparation, BR-16A (Mentat), on performance of mice on elevated plus-maze.
12  thermolabile
(35 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
TS (26 times)
PST (24 times)
DCNP (6 times)
1978 Serologic typing of Staphylococcus epidermidis biotype 4.
13  transmission loss
(33 times)
Audiology
(14 times)
MF (2 times)
MM (2 times)
ARL (1 time)
2002 A direct mixed-body boundary element method for packed silencers.
14  trigger loop
(30 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
RNAP (10 times)
Pol II (6 times)
NTP (4 times)
2007 Structural basis for substrate loading in bacterial RNA polymerase.
15  thyroid lymphoma
(29 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
CLTH (9 times)
LOH (5 times)
ATC (4 times)
1989 Susceptibility to 1,3-butadiene-induced leukemogenesis correlates with endogenous ecotropic retroviral background in the mouse.
16  tear lipocalin
(28 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
ANS (3 times)
SDTF (2 times)
16-AP (1 time)
1998 Structural changes in human tear lipocalins associated with lipid binding.
17  trophic level
(28 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
HBCD (3 times)
POPs (3 times)
TMF (3 times)
1991 Stable isotopic determinations of trophic relationships of great auks.
18  translabyrinthine
(27 times)
Otolaryngology
(18 times)
VS (9 times)
RS (8 times)
MCF (4 times)
1986 [Anesthesia in surgery of acoustic neuroma by the trans-petrous approach].
19  true lumen
(27 times)
General Surgery
(15 times)
FL (18 times)
AD (5 times)
TEVAR (5 times)
1997 The dissected aorta: percutaneous treatment of ischemic complications--principles and results.
20  T lymphocytes
(26 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
BL (3 times)
CM (2 times)
GM-CSA (2 times)
1982 The mechanism of lithium carbonate-induced augmentation of colony-stimulating activity elaboration in man.
21  transposed-letter
(26 times)
Psychology
(23 times)
RL (2 times)
SL (2 times)
ALD (1 time)
2003 Does jugde activate COURT? Transposed-letter similarity effects in masked associative priming.
22  transient leukemia
(24 times)
Hematology
(16 times)
DS (16 times)
AMKL (8 times)
WBC (3 times)
1992 Leukemia in Down syndrome: a review.
23  tubal ligation
(24 times)
Gynecology
(8 times)
CI (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
AFC (1 time)
1975 Female sterilization. II. A comparison of methods.
24  temporal lobectomy
(22 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
TLE (5 times)
AH (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
1991 Differential effects of unilateral temporal lobectomy on visuospatial memory and attention.
25  thymus leukemia antigen
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
MHC (6 times)
CTL (2 times)
TCR (2 times)
1975 Purification of murine thymus leukemia antigen (TL). A quantitative assessment of limited proteolysis.
26  tegumentary leishmaniasis
(21 times)
Tropical Medicine
(6 times)
VL (5 times)
ML (3 times)
CL (2 times)
1966 [Tegumentary leishmaniasis (TL). Zoonosis of wild rodents (Oryzomys goeldii Thomas) in Amazonia].
27  thermal lens
(21 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
QDs (2 times)
TPA (2 times)
UV (2 times)
1999 Probe-beam diffraction in a pulsed top-hat beam thermal lens with a mode-mismatched configuration.
28  tomato lectin
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
AL (2 times)
BrdU (2 times)
BSA (2 times)
1992 Bioadhesion by means of specific binding of tomato lectin.
29  term labor
(16 times)
Obstetrics
(6 times)
PTL (6 times)
TNL (4 times)
PPROM (2 times)
1995 Maternal levels of serum-soluble CD8 and IL-2R are not significantly elevated in idiopathic preterm labour.
30  tibia length
(16 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
SL (4 times)
FL (3 times)
AL (2 times)
1999 Abnormal cardiac function in the streptozotocin-induced non-insulin-dependent diabetic rat: noninvasive assessment with doppler echocardiography and contribution of the nitric oxide pathway.
31  tranilast
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
CSD/TL (3 times)
RP (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1995 Comparative studies on the antiallergic effects of kampo medicines used for the therapy of respiratory diseases.
32  tumor lysate
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
DC (7 times)
DCs (7 times)
IL-4 (3 times)
2003 A phase I study of autologous dendritic cell-based immunotherapy for patients with unresectable primary liver cancer.
33  typical language
(15 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(12 times)
SLI (7 times)
LI (6 times)
LD (2 times)
2002 An evaluation of the facilitative effects of inverted yes-no questions on the acquisition of auxiliary verbs.
34  tonsillar lymphocytes
(14 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
PBL (4 times)
PPP (3 times)
Con A (2 times)
1982 Amphotericin B modifications of peripheral blood lymphocyte and tonsil lymphocyte responses to concanavalin A.
35  tooth loss
(14 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
AL (2 times)
APT (2 times)
ARR (2 times)
1994 The influence of molar furcation involvement and mobility on future clinical periodontal attachment loss.
36  tracheal ligation
(13 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
CDH (6 times)
AS (2 times)
dGA (2 times)
1984 Experimental pulmonary hypoplasia and oligohydramnios: relative contributions of lung fluid and fetal breathing movements.
37  Triptolide
(13 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
ROS (3 times)
DSS (2 times)
5-LOX (1 time)
2000 The effects of triptolide on HLA antigens expression of corneal epithelial cells induced by interferon-gamma in vitro.
38  tuberculous lymphadenopathy
(12 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
CT (2 times)
Mtb (2 times)
PPV (2 times)
1993 A distinctive cytologic pattern for diagnosing tuberculous lymphadenitis in AIDS.
39  time-loss
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(6 times)
NTL (8 times)
AEs (4 times)
NATION (3 times)
2006 Evaluation of a comprehensive integrated workplace-based program to reduce occupational musculoskeletal injury and its associated morbidity in a large hospital.
40  toluene
(11 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
xy (2 times)
ACT (1 time)
Bz (1 time)
1997 Fatal and non-fatal outcome by accidental intoxication with paint thinner.
41  Triboluminescence
(11 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
AIE (1 time)
LISW (1 time)
YSZ (1 time)
1991 [The triboluminescent spectra of the blood of gamma-irradiated rats].
42  Taylor's law
(10 times)
Science
(6 times)
DMA (1 time)
GR (1 time)
mean (1 time)
2012 Allometric scaling of population variance with mean body size is predicted from Taylor's law and density-mass allometry.
43  Traffic Light
(10 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
FOP (3 times)
GDA (3 times)
BL (1 time)
2009 Consumer testing of the acceptability and effectiveness of front-of-pack food labelling systems for the Australian grocery market.
44  testolactone
(9 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
FAD (2 times)
FIN (2 times)
KETO (2 times)
1983 The effect of delta 1-testolactone on serum testosterone and estradiol in the adult male rat.
45  thrombolysis
(9 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
PPCI (5 times)
STEMI (4 times)
AMI (2 times)
1992 Surgical treatment versus thrombolysis in acute arterial occlusion: a randomised controlled study.
46  thyroid lobectomy
(9 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
TT (5 times)
DTC (2 times)
PTC (2 times)
1990 Intraoperative parathormone level measurement in the management of hyperparathyroidism.
47  transformational leadership
(9 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
ACNL (1 time)
EI (1 time)
LPI (1 time)
2011 Leadership and management in mental health nursing.
48  trough level
(9 times)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
(3 times)
AUC (3 times)
CD (3 times)
IBD (3 times)
1989 Cyclosporine monitoring in renal transplantation: area under the curve monitoring is superior to trough-level monitoring.
49  Turkish Lira
(9 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
L-AmB (2 times)
AP (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
2009 [Therapy costs of adult patients admitting to emergency unit of a university hospital with asthma acute attack].
50  target lesion
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
ACS (2 times)
NCL (2 times)
SA (2 times)
2008 [Long-term clinical follow-up after rotational atherectomy to coronary arterial stenosis in kawasaki disease].
51  thaumatin-like
(8 times)
Botany
(4 times)
PR (2 times)
CM (1 time)
HIC (1 time)
1986 cDNA cloning of six mRNAs induced by TMV infection of tobacco and a characterization of their translation products.
52  toxoplasmic lymphadenitis
(8 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
CNB (1 time)
COLN (1 time)
1995 Studies on the serodiagnosis of toxoplasmic lymphadenitis.
53  TriLight
(8 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
EL (7 times)
FL (7 times)
LED (5 times)
2003 Effectiveness of composite cure associated with different curing modes of LED lights.
54  tuberculoid leprosy
(8 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
LL (6 times)
AFB (1 time)
BB (1 time)
1977 [The "e" antigen (HBeAg) in leprosy].
55  total liver
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AL (2 times)
CL (2 times)
ALPPS (1 time)
2004 A high-throughput approach for subcellular proteome: identification of rat liver proteins using subcellular fractionation coupled with two-dimensional liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry and bioinformatic analysis.
56  therapeutic laparoscopy
(6 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
DL (3 times)
LOS (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
2001 [Laparoscopy in abdominal trauma. Preliminary report in 37 cases].
57  thrombolytic therapy
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AMI (3 times)
SK (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1991 Late potentials and ejection fraction at hospital discharge: prognostic value in thrombolyzed and non-thrombolyzed patients. A preliminary report. The Belgian Working Group for Signal Averaging.
58  tissue level
(6 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
BL (6 times)
CI (1 time)
dR (1 time)
1994 Experiences with guided tissue regeneration in the treatment of advanced periodontal disease. A clinical re-entry study. Part I. Vertical, horizontal and horizontal periodontal defects.
59  total
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AV (2 times)
BP (2 times)
IL (2 times)
1997 Influence of lactation on motor activity and elevated plus maze behavior.
60  Tacrolimus
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
SLE (2 times)
ADR (1 time)
ECLAM (1 time)
2007 Effective treatment of young patients with pediatric-onset, long-standing lupus nephritis with tacrolimus given as a single daily dose: an open-label pilot study.
61  temporal
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
OCT (3 times)
FL (2 times)
PL (2 times)
2005 Cortical gray matter differences identified by structural magnetic resonance imaging in pediatric bipolar disorder.
62  term in labor
(5 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
TNL (4 times)
mRNA (2 times)
15-PGDH (1 time)
2006 [Expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and 15-prostaglandin dehydrogenase of placenta and fetal membranes in patients of preterm labor].
63  thymic lymphocyte
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
TT (2 times)
anti-AChR (1 time)
GH (1 time)
1977 Biologic activities of various thymus preparations.
64  thyroid-derived lymphocytes
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
PBL (3 times)
GD (2 times)
anti-TPO (1 time)
1977 Isolation of T-lymphocytes from disaggregated tumors, with high purity and good percentage recovery.
65  torus longitudinalis
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DLR (1 time)
GABA (1 time)
GAD (1 time)
1994 The teleostean torus longitudinalis: a short review on its structure, histochemistry, connectivity, possible function and phylogeny.
66  totally laparoscopic
(5 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
DN (1 time)
DT (1 time)
ERCP (1 time)
2009 Laparoscopic versus open live donor nephrectomy: outcomes analysis of 266 consecutive patients.
67  Trachlight
(5 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
DL (1 time)
GS (1 time)
SBP (1 time)
1996 The efficacy of a standard training program for transillumination-guided endotracheal intubation.
68  trained leg
(5 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CL (3 times)
UTL (2 times)
AV (1 time)
1984 Static contraction of the quadriceps muscle in man: cardiovascular control and responses to one-legged strength training.
69  transfer learning
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
EEG (3 times)
BCIs (2 times)
ABCI (1 time)
2013 Collaborative filtering for brain-computer interaction using transfer learning and active class selection.
70  treatment length
(5 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CL (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2000 How long is enough? Defining the treatment length in endovascular brachytherapy.
71  trilaurin
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
EC (2 times)
PL (2 times)
SMZ (2 times)
1992 Evaluation of enteric coated tablet sensitive to pancreatic lipase. I. In vitro disintegration test.
72  trypanolysis
(5 times)
Parasitology
(3 times)
BC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CTC (1 time)
2009 Towards a new reference test for surra in camels.
73  tumor length
(5 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
TLG (4 times)
MTV (3 times)
PET (3 times)
2011 Prognostic value of 18F-FDG PET image-based parameters in oesophageal cancer and impact of tumour delineation methodology.
74  typically developing language
(5 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(3 times)
LI (3 times)
ADHD (1 time)
LL (1 time)
2005 Behavioural patterns of conflict resolution strategies in preschool boys with language impairment in comparison with boys with typical language development.
75  tallow
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CA (3 times)
CN (3 times)
OL (3 times)
1986 The effect of graded levels of corn oil and different fats on the performance of white pekin ducklings.
76  testicular leukemia
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
CCR (3 times)
ALL (2 times)
DFS (2 times)
1989 Three versus five years of maintenance therapy are equivalent in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a report from the Childrens Cancer Study Group.
77  thigh length
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
KL (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
1994 Strength and cross-sectional area of knee extensor muscles in children.
78  Thin-layer
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
Abs (1 time)
AGCUS (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1996 Use of thin-layer preparations for gynecologic smears with emphasis on the cytomorphology of high-grade intraepithelial lesions and carcinomas.
79  thorax length
(4 times)
Biology
(2 times)
DT (2 times)
HW (2 times)
EL (1 time)
2000 The role of the use of different host plants in the maintenance of the inversion polymorphism in the cactophilic Drosophila buzzatii.
80  tolerance limits
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
BAEPs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CSC (1 time)
1990 Brainstem auditory evoked potentials in children--a normative study.
81  total body length
(4 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
END (1 time)
FL (1 time)
NH (1 time)
2004 Chromosomal polymorphism, morphometric traits and mating success in Leptysma argentina Bruner (Orthoptera).
82  total lipase
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
HL (4 times)
TG (3 times)
I/R (2 times)
2007 Therapeutic effect of osthole on hyperlipidemic fatty liver in rats.
83  tracheal length
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
TD (2 times)
AD (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2011 Effect of wood properties on within-tree variation in ultrasonic wave velocity in softwood.
84  traditional laparoscopy
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
DV (1 time)
GERD (1 time)
LESS (1 time)
2009 Long-term results of quality of life after standard laparoscopic vs. robot-assisted laparoscopic fundoplications for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. A comparative clinical trial.
85  traditional learning
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
EL (2 times)
BASCD (1 time)
DMFT (1 time)
2013 Academic satisfaction among traditional and problem based learning medical students. A comparative study.
86  transformed lymphoma
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ORR (2 times)
OS (2 times)
ASCT (1 time)
2009 High rate of survival in transformed lymphoma after autologous stem cell transplant: pathologic analysis and comparison with de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
87  transistor laser
(4 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
MQW (2 times)
BH (1 time)
CW (1 time)
2010 Design and epitaxy of 1.5 microm InGaAsP-InP MQW material for a transistor laser.
88  transition layer
(4 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CL (1 time)
FA (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2011 Factors influencing lower esophageal sphincter relaxation after deglutition.
89  trilinolein
(4 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BHRP (1 time)
Carr (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1991 Intestinal absorption of linoleic acid in experimental renal failure.
90  Tumescent liposuction
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
BMI (1 time)
I-UATL (1 time)
SAE (1 time)
1997 Tumescent liposuction versus internal ultrasonic-assisted tumescent liposuction. A side-to-side comparison.
91  typical language development
(4 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(4 times)
LI (3 times)
DS (1 time)
FVMC (1 time)
2002 Profiles of grammatical morphology and sentence imitation in children with specific language impairment and Down syndrome.
92  T-cell lymphoma
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ATLL (1 time)
BL (1 time)
IBL (1 time)
1992 Frequency of eosinophilia in adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma.
93  tail
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
BL (1 time)
DOM (1 time)
EF (1 time)
1999 Administration of a nonpeptidyl growth hormone secretagogue, L-163, 255, changes somatostatin pattern, but has no effect on patterns of growth hormone-releasing factor in the hypophyseal-portal circulation of the conscious pig.
94  tapetum lucidum
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
ERG (1 time)
UV (1 time)
2005 The ERG of the beagle dog: evidence associating a post b-wave negativity with the Tapetum lucidum.
95  target load
(3 times)
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
(2 times)
ELVR (2 times)
HI (2 times)
6MWT (1 time)
2011 Target loads of atmospheric sulfur deposition for the protection and recovery of acid-sensitive streams in the Southern Blue Ridge Province.
96  Temporin-1Tl
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
LPS (2 times)
AMP (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2011 Structure-activity relationship, conformational and biological studies of temporin L analogues.
97  tendon length
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
MRI (2 times)
PL (1 time)
YM (1 time)
2004 MRI criteria for patella alta and baja.
98  terminal latency
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
MCV (2 times)
SCV (2 times)
CAPD (1 time)
1987 [Electrophysiologic studies of patients with neural muscular atrophy].
99  tethered ligand
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
EGF (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
PAR-2 (1 time)
2009 Agonist-biased signaling via proteinase activated receptor-2: differential activation of calcium and mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways.
100  thalamus
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
BG (1 time)
BLA (1 time)
2009 Enriched environment experience overcomes learning deficits and depressive-like behavior induced by juvenile stress.