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Abbreviation: TL
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Long forms: 726

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
telomere length
(948 times)
Medicine
(83 times)
CI (47 times)
qPCR (41 times)
LTL (34 times)
1997 Examination of telomere lengths in muscle tissue casts doubt on replicative aging as cause of progression in Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
thermoluminescence
(703 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(356 times)
OSL (63 times)
PL (55 times)
XRD (55 times)
1975 Series of high-sensitivity TL phosphors made from divalent-metal sulfates.
total laryngectomy
(231 times)
Otolaryngology
(125 times)
RT (30 times)
OS (23 times)
PCF (22 times)
1989 [Oropharyngeal functional evaluation in patients subjected to total laryngectomy with phonatory prosthesis. Manometric and isotopic study].
total length
(185 times)
Biology
(42 times)
BW (20 times)
FL (8 times)
GSI (8 times)
1986 [Attempt at quantification of the clinical picture of varices for epidemiologic, therapeutic and data-processing purposes].
training load
(183 times)
Physiology
(96 times)
sRPE (41 times)
RPE (35 times)
HR (30 times)
2007 Methods to quantify intermittent exercises.
total lipids
(182 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(27 times)
TG (62 times)
PL (50 times)
TC (29 times)
1977 Amniotic fluid proteins and lipids in normal and high-risk pregnancies and their relation to foetal outcome.
thoracolumbar
(146 times)
Orthopedics
(36 times)
LS (20 times)
CT (13 times)
VAS (9 times)
1980 Natural rigaidity of the horse's backbone.
transfer learning
(141 times)
Medical Informatics
(31 times)
CNN (27 times)
DL (25 times)
ML (17 times)
2013 Collaborative filtering for brain-computer interaction using transfer learning and active class selection.
tail length
(108 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
TM (38 times)
OTM (15 times)
TD (11 times)
1976 Age-dependence of body weight and linear dimensions in adult Mus and Peromyscus.
10  thymus leukemia
(91 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(49 times)
MHC (6 times)
GPC (4 times)
IEC (3 times)
1967 Modification of the antigenic structure of the cell membrane by thymus-leukemia (TL) antibody.
11  temporal lobe
(80 times)
Neurology
(45 times)
TLE (15 times)
MRI (10 times)
FL (6 times)
1985 Androgen aromatization and 5 alpha-reduction in ferret brain during perinatal development: effects of sex and testosterone manipulation.
12  true lumen
(69 times)
General Surgery
(33 times)
FL (53 times)
AD (15 times)
TEVAR (15 times)
1997 The dissected aorta: percutaneous treatment of ischemic complications--principles and results.
13  transmission loss
(63 times)
Audiology
(31 times)
EM (2 times)
MF (2 times)
ML (2 times)
2002 A direct mixed-body boundary element method for packed silencers.
14  tegumentary leishmaniasis
(58 times)
Tropical Medicine
(17 times)
VL (18 times)
CL (8 times)
ML (7 times)
1966 [Tegumentary leishmaniasis (TL). Zoonosis of wild rodents (Oryzomys goeldii Thomas) in Amazonia].
15  trophic level
(52 times)
Environmental Health
(34 times)
TMF (5 times)
TMFs (5 times)
HBCD (3 times)
1991 Stable isotopic determinations of trophic relationships of great auks.
16  translabyrinthine
(49 times)
Otolaryngology
(29 times)
VS (23 times)
RS (21 times)
MCF (7 times)
1986 [Anesthesia in surgery of acoustic neuroma by the trans-petrous approach].
17  transfer latency
(44 times)
Pharmacology
(18 times)
SDL (16 times)
EPM (10 times)
MDA (10 times)
1991 Effect of a herbal psychotropic preparation, BR-16A (Mentat), on performance of mice on elevated plus-maze.
18  tibia length
(37 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
BW (6 times)
FL (6 times)
SL (4 times)
1999 Abnormal cardiac function in the streptozotocin-induced non-insulin-dependent diabetic rat: noninvasive assessment with doppler echocardiography and contribution of the nitric oxide pathway.
19  trigger loop
(37 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
RNAP (15 times)
Pol II (6 times)
NTP (5 times)
2007 Structural basis for substrate loading in bacterial RNA polymerase.
20  transposed-letter
(36 times)
Psychology
(32 times)
RL (3 times)
SL (2 times)
ALD (1 time)
2003 Does jugde activate COURT? Transposed-letter similarity effects in masked associative priming.
21  thermolabile
(35 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
TS (26 times)
PST (24 times)
DCNP (6 times)
1978 Serologic typing of Staphylococcus epidermidis biotype 4.
22  tubal ligation
(35 times)
Gynecology
(11 times)
CI (4 times)
FSFI (3 times)
AMH (2 times)
1975 Female sterilization. II. A comparison of methods.
23  thyroid lobectomy
(34 times)
General Surgery
(19 times)
TT (25 times)
PTC (9 times)
DTC (6 times)
1990 Intraoperative parathormone level measurement in the management of hyperparathyroidism.
24  T lymphocytes
(31 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
BL (3 times)
CM (2 times)
DCs (2 times)
1982 The mechanism of lithium carbonate-induced augmentation of colony-stimulating activity elaboration in man.
25  thyroid lymphoma
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
CLTH (9 times)
LOH (5 times)
ATC (4 times)
1989 Susceptibility to 1,3-butadiene-induced leukemogenesis correlates with endogenous ecotropic retroviral background in the mouse.
26  thermal lens
(29 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
QDs (2 times)
TPA (2 times)
UV (2 times)
2003 Fluorescence quantum efficiency measurements in the presence of Auger upconversion by the thermal lens method.
27  time-loss
(29 times)
Sports Medicine
(20 times)
NTL (22 times)
AEs (9 times)
CIs (6 times)
2006 Evaluation of a comprehensive integrated workplace-based program to reduce occupational musculoskeletal injury and its associated morbidity in a large hospital.
28  tear lipocalin
(28 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
ANS (3 times)
SDTF (2 times)
16-AP (1 time)
1998 Structural changes in human tear lipocalins associated with lipid binding.
29  tooth loss
(28 times)
Dentistry
(22 times)
PPD (5 times)
CAL (4 times)
APT (3 times)
1994 The influence of molar furcation involvement and mobility on future clinical periodontal attachment loss.
30  temporal lobectomy
(27 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
TLE (6 times)
MTS (3 times)
AH (2 times)
1991 Differential effects of unilateral temporal lobectomy on visuospatial memory and attention.
31  term labor
(25 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(11 times)
TNL (8 times)
PTL (7 times)
TNIL (5 times)
1995 Maternal levels of serum-soluble CD8 and IL-2R are not significantly elevated in idiopathic preterm labour.
32  transformational leadership
(25 times)
Nursing
(9 times)
SEM (3 times)
JS (2 times)
NMs (2 times)
2011 Leadership and management in mental health nursing.
33  transient leukemia
(25 times)
Hematology
(16 times)
DS (17 times)
AMKL (8 times)
WBC (3 times)
1992 Leukemia in Down syndrome: a review.
34  typical language
(23 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(19 times)
SLI (10 times)
LI (8 times)
DLD (4 times)
2003 Outcomes of early language delay: I. Predicting persistent and transient language difficulties at 3 and 4 years.
35  thymus leukemia antigen
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
MHC (6 times)
CTL (2 times)
TCR (2 times)
1975 Purification of murine thymus leukemia antigen (TL). A quantitative assessment of limited proteolysis.
36  tomato lectin
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
AL (2 times)
BrdU (2 times)
BSA (2 times)
1992 Bioadhesion by means of specific binding of tomato lectin.
37  traditional learning
(21 times)
Education
(4 times)
EL (3 times)
TBL (3 times)
ACEP (1 time)
2013 Academic satisfaction among traditional and problem based learning medical students. A comparative study.
38  Triboluminescence
(19 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
AIE (2 times)
ASDs (1 time)
CPL (1 time)
1991 [The triboluminescent spectra of the blood of gamma-irradiated rats].
39  trough levels
(19 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
IBD (9 times)
CD (6 times)
IFX (6 times)
1989 Cyclosporine monitoring in renal transplantation: area under the curve monitoring is superior to trough-level monitoring.
40  tranilast
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
CSD/TL (3 times)
RP (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1995 Comparative studies on the antiallergic effects of kampo medicines used for the therapy of respiratory diseases.
41  triptolide
(18 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
DSS (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
2003 The effects of triptolide on HLA antigens expression of corneal epithelial cells induced by interferon-gamma in vitro.
42  Turkish Lira
(18 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
L-AmB (2 times)
ABT (1 time)
AHP (1 time)
2009 [Therapy costs of adult patients admitting to emergency unit of a university hospital with asthma acute attack].
43  Taylor's law
(16 times)
Science
(8 times)
DMA (2 times)
VMA (2 times)
GR (1 time)
2012 Allometric scaling of population variance with mean body size is predicted from Taylor's law and density-mass allometry.
44  tuberculous lymphadenitis
(16 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
Mtb (3 times)
PPV (3 times)
TB (3 times)
1993 A distinctive cytologic pattern for diagnosing tuberculous lymphadenitis in AIDS.
45  target lesion
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
ACS (2 times)
LL (2 times)
NCL (2 times)
2008 [Long-term clinical follow-up after rotational atherectomy to coronary arterial stenosis in kawasaki disease].
46  toluene
(15 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
CB (2 times)
MCH (2 times)
PSCs (2 times)
2003 Acute solvent exposure induced activation of cytochrome P4502E1 causes proximal tubular cell necrosis by oxidative stress.
47  traffic light
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
GDA (4 times)
FOP (3 times)
WTP (2 times)
2009 Consumer testing of the acceptability and effectiveness of front-of-pack food labelling systems for the Australian grocery market.
48  tumor lysate
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
DC (7 times)
DCs (7 times)
IL-4 (3 times)
2003 A phase I study of autologous dendritic cell-based immunotherapy for patients with unresectable primary liver cancer.
49  tissue level
(14 times)
Dentistry
(12 times)
BL (13 times)
IP (2 times)
TiZr (2 times)
1994 Experiences with guided tissue regeneration in the treatment of advanced periodontal disease. A clinical re-entry study. Part I. Vertical, horizontal and horizontal periodontal defects.
50  transition layer
(14 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
AL (2 times)
MQW (2 times)
BH (1 time)
2010 Design and epitaxy of 1.5 microm InGaAsP-InP MQW material for a transistor laser.
51  time-lapse
(13 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
CM (2 times)
SET (2 times)
ASEBIR (1 time)
1994 Serum theophylline profile with once-daily theophylline (Uniphyl) following conversion from intravenous theophylline in adult asthmatic patients.
52  tracheal ligation
(13 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
CDH (6 times)
AS (2 times)
dGA (2 times)
1984 Experimental pulmonary hypoplasia and oligohydramnios: relative contributions of lung fluid and fetal breathing movements.
53  thrombolysis
(12 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
PPCI (6 times)
STEMI (5 times)
AMI (2 times)
1992 Surgical treatment versus thrombolysis in acute arterial occlusion: a randomised controlled study.
54  total lesion
(12 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(5 times)
PSMA (5 times)
IL (4 times)
PSA (4 times)
2010 Comparison of tretinoin 0.05% cream and 3% alcohol-based salicylic acid preparation in the treatment of acne vulgaris.
55  tonsillar lymphocytes
(11 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
PBL (4 times)
PPP (3 times)
Con A (2 times)
1982 Amphotericin B modifications of peripheral blood lymphocyte and tonsil lymphocyte responses to concanavalin A.
56  therapeutic laparoscopy
(10 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
DL (6 times)
PAT (4 times)
CT (2 times)
2003 [Laparoscopy in abdominal trauma. Preliminary report in 37 cases].
57  trypanolysis
(10 times)
Parasitology
(5 times)
AAT (2 times)
HAT (2 times)
T. evansi (2 times)
2009 Towards a new reference test for surra in camels.
58  testolactone
(9 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
FAD (2 times)
FIN (2 times)
KETO (2 times)
1983 The effect of delta 1-testolactone on serum testosterone and estradiol in the adult male rat.
59  torus longitudinalis
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
PyrNs (2 times)
SM (2 times)
DLR (1 time)
1994 The teleostean torus longitudinalis: a short review on its structure, histochemistry, connectivity, possible function and phylogeny.
60  toxoplasmic lymphadenitis
(9 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
CNB (1 time)
COLN (1 time)
1995 Studies on the serodiagnosis of toxoplasmic lymphadenitis.
61  tuberculoid leprosy
(9 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
LL (6 times)
AFB (1 time)
BB (1 time)
1977 [The "e" antigen (HBeAg) in leprosy].
62  temporin L
(8 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
AMPs (5 times)
TA (2 times)
CD (1 time)
2010 New insight into the mechanism of action of the temporin antimicrobial peptides.
63  thaumatin-like
(8 times)
Botany
(4 times)
PR (2 times)
CM (1 time)
HIC (1 time)
1986 cDNA cloning of six mRNAs induced by TMV infection of tobacco and a characterization of their translation products.
64  thermolysin
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CP (2 times)
AA (1 time)
ACh (1 time)
1998 Catalytic activity of thermolysin under extremes of pressure and temperature: modulation by metal ions.
65  total body length
(8 times)
Science
(2 times)
avg (1 time)
Chl-a (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1999 Extent of gill pathology in the toadfish Tetractenos hamiltoni caused by Naobranchia variabilis (Copepoda: Naobranchiidae).
66  totally laparoscopic
(8 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
LA (2 times)
DN (1 time)
DT (1 time)
2009 Laparoscopic versus open live donor nephrectomy: outcomes analysis of 266 consecutive patients.
67  transformative learning
(8 times)
Education
(3 times)
GME (2 times)
CoPs (1 time)
DKT (1 time)
2009 Transformative learning intervention: effect on functional health literacy and diabetes knowledge in older African Americans.
68  TriLight
(8 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
EL (7 times)
FL (7 times)
LED (5 times)
2003 Effectiveness of composite cure associated with different curing modes of LED lights.
69  Thermomyces lanuginosus
(7 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
GO (3 times)
Arg (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2012 Immobilization of Candida antarctica A and Thermomyces lanuginosus lipases on cotton terry cloth fibrils using polyethyleneimine.
70  thin layer
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
TSS (2 times)
Abs (1 time)
AGCUS (1 time)
1996 Use of thin-layer preparations for gynecologic smears with emphasis on the cytomorphology of high-grade intraepithelial lesions and carcinomas.
71  tolerance limits
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AL (2 times)
AAPM (1 time)
BAEPs (1 time)
1990 Brainstem auditory evoked potentials in children--a normative study.
72  tooth length
(7 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
RL (2 times)
RTL (2 times)
CBCT (1 time)
2014 Accuracy of the Dentaport ZX apex locator for working length determination when retreating molar root canals.
73  total
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AV (2 times)
BP (2 times)
IL (2 times)
1997 Influence of lactation on motor activity and elevated plus maze behavior.
74  total liver
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
AL (2 times)
CL (2 times)
ALPPS (1 time)
2004 A high-throughput approach for subcellular proteome: identification of rat liver proteins using subcellular fractionation coupled with two-dimensional liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry and bioinformatic analysis.
75  tracheal length
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
ORs (2 times)
PL (2 times)
PW (2 times)
2010 Effect of wood properties on within-tree variation in ultrasonic wave velocity in softwood.
76  transverse ligament
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
ADI (2 times)
AOL (2 times)
AB (1 time)
1995 [Anatomical study of the ligaments in the occipito-atlantoaxial complex].
77  trilaurin
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
EC (2 times)
PL (2 times)
SMZ (2 times)
1992 Evaluation of enteric coated tablet sensitive to pancreatic lipase. I. In vitro disintegration test.
78  Tupfel long-fin
(7 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
HPI (2 times)
TU (2 times)
WIK (2 times)
2012 Characterization and management of asymptomatic Mycobacterium infections at the Zebrafish International Resource Center.
79  Taihu Lake
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
HL (2 times)
LR (2 times)
AACC (1 time)
2009 Modelling historical budget of alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane in Taihu Lake, China.
80  tandem lesions
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
EVT (5 times)
sICH (4 times)
AIS (3 times)
2019 A randomized pilot study of patients with tandem carotid lesionsundergoing thrombectomy.
81  target language
(6 times)
Cognitive Science
(2 times)
SL (4 times)
CDSE (1 time)
CSL (1 time)
2007 Activation of lexical and syntactic target language properties in translation.
82  temporal
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
OCT (3 times)
FL (2 times)
PL (2 times)
2006 Cortical gray matter differences identified by structural magnetic resonance imaging in pediatric bipolar disorder.
83  term in labor
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
TNL (4 times)
mRNA (2 times)
15-PGDH (1 time)
2007 [Expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and 15-prostaglandin dehydrogenase of placenta and fetal membranes in patients of preterm labor].
84  thigh length
(6 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
KL (2 times)
BW (1 time)
CCI (1 time)
1994 Strength and cross-sectional area of knee extensor muscles in children.
85  thorax length
(6 times)
Biology
(2 times)
HW (3 times)
DT (2 times)
EL (2 times)
2000 The role of the use of different host plants in the maintenance of the inversion polymorphism in the cactophilic Drosophila buzzatii.
86  thrombolytic therapy
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AMI (3 times)
SK (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1991 Late potentials and ejection fraction at hospital discharge: prognostic value in thrombolyzed and non-thrombolyzed patients. A preliminary report. The Belgian Working Group for Signal Averaging.
87  Thunbergia laurifolia
(6 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
BW (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
NOX (2 times)
2014 Thunbergia laurifolia extract minimizes the adverse effects of toxicants by regulating P-glycoprotein activity, CYP450, and lipid metabolism gene expression in HepG2 cells.
88  total lung
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PTV (4 times)
CL (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2013 Predictive parameters of symptomatic radiation pneumonitis following stereotactic or hypofractionated radiotherapy delivered using volumetric modulated arcs.
89  trained leg
(6 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CL (3 times)
UTL (2 times)
AV (1 time)
1984 Static contraction of the quadriceps muscle in man: cardiovascular control and responses to one-legged strength training.
90  transform-limited
(6 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
CEP (1 time)
CTMC (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2014 Generation of few-cycle infrared pulses from a degenerate dual-pump OPCPA.
91  translation
(6 times)
Family Practice
(1 time)
DOF (1 time)
FM (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2014 Dynamics of mRNA and polysomal abundance in early 3T3-L1 adipogenesis.
92  typically developing language
(6 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(4 times)
LI (3 times)
ADHD (1 time)
DLD (1 time)
2005 Behavioural patterns of conflict resolution strategies in preschool boys with language impairment in comparison with boys with typical language development.
93  Tacrolimus
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
SLE (2 times)
ADR (1 time)
ECLAM (1 time)
2007 Effective treatment of young patients with pediatric-onset, long-standing lupus nephritis with tacrolimus given as a single daily dose: an open-label pilot study.
94  tallow
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
SO (4 times)
CA (3 times)
CN (3 times)
1986 The effect of graded levels of corn oil and different fats on the performance of white pekin ducklings.
95  tea leaves
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CM (2 times)
FG (2 times)
MS (2 times)
2018 Effects of organic wastes on structural characterizations of humic acid in semiarid soil under plastic mulched drip irrigation.
96  testicular leukemia
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CCR (3 times)
ALL (2 times)
BM (2 times)
1989 Three versus five years of maintenance therapy are equivalent in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a report from the Childrens Cancer Study Group.
97  thoracic and lumbar
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
CT (2 times)
CT CAP (1 time)
iCT (1 time)
2013 AO spine injury classification system: a revision proposal for the thoracic and lumbar spine.
98  thymic lymphocyte
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
TT (2 times)
anti-AChR (1 time)
GH (1 time)
1977 Biologic activities of various thymus preparations.
99  thyroid-derived lymphocytes
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
PBL (3 times)
GD (2 times)
anti-TPO (1 time)
1977 Isolation of T-lymphocytes from disaggregated tumors, with high purity and good percentage recovery.
100  Timor-Leste
(5 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
DDD (1 time)
DRS (1 time)
DST (1 time)
2013 Scaling-up the medical workforce in Timor-Leste: challenges of a great leap forward.