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Abbreviation: TLA
Appearance Frequency: 406 time(s)
Long forms: 115

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Toxoplasma lysate antigen
(43 times)
Parasitology
(18 times)
ELISA (5 times)
Con A (4 times)
IgG (4 times)
1974 Effect of normal and activated human macrophages on Toxoplasma gondii.
tumescent local anesthesia
(32 times)
General Surgery
(15 times)
GA (3 times)
SLN (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
1998 High ligation and stripping of the long saphenous vein using the tumescent technique for local anesthesia.
total laboratory automation
(25 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
TAT (7 times)
ADL (1 time)
AST (1 time)
1998 The status and future of clinical pathology in Korea.
tongue-lip adhesion
(18 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
MDO (8 times)
PRS (5 times)
RS (5 times)
1990 Management of upper airway obstruction in the Pierre Robin syndrome.
total leaf area
(18 times)
Botany
(5 times)
SLA (3 times)
ICC (2 times)
LDB (2 times)
1991 Importance of the method of leaf area measurement to the interpretation of gas exchange of complex shoots.
thin-layer agar
(14 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
LJ (5 times)
TB (4 times)
RMP (3 times)
2006 Evaluation of a rapid culture method for tuberculosis diagnosis: a Latin American multi-center study.
targeted locus amplification
(13 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
NGS (2 times)
cfDNA (1 time)
cffDNA (1 time)
2014 Targeted sequencing by proximity ligation for comprehensive variant detection and local haplotyping.
T. gondii lysate antigen
(11 times)
Parasitology
(6 times)
PRV (2 times)
AD (1 time)
BHK (1 time)
1976 Induction of resistance to Toxoplasma gondii in human macrophages by soluble lymphocyte products.
temperature-controlled laminar airflow
(11 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
ICER (2 times)
NICE (2 times)
QALY (2 times)
2012 Nocturnal temperature controlled laminar airflow for treating atopic asthma: a randomised controlled trial.
10  thin layer activation
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
CS (1 time)
NA (1 time)
SRGO (1 time)
2000 Radioactivity measurements for the thin layer activation technique
11  total lesion area
(10 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
MS (5 times)
CMRglc (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
1989 Correlation of magnetic resonance imaging with neuropsychological testing in multiple sclerosis.
12  tubercular liver abscess
(10 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
TB (2 times)
AFB (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
2001 Solitary tuberculous abscess of liver.
13  total lesion activity
(8 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
SUV (4 times)
mCRPC (3 times)
MTV (3 times)
2014 A multifractal approach to space-filling recovery for PET quantification.
14  translabyrinthine approach
(8 times)
Otolaryngology
(7 times)
CSF (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CPA (1 time)
1999 Surgical exposure in translabyrinthine approaches--an anatomical study.
15  transluminal angioplasty
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
CTLA (1 time)
PVSA (1 time)
RAS (1 time)
1982 Transluminal angioplasty (TLA) in occlusive vascular disease.
16  transverse ligament of the atlas
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
CDS (3 times)
CT (3 times)
AAS (1 time)
1996 Calcification of the transverse ligament of the atlas in chondrocalcinosis: computed tomography study.
17  tachyzoite lysate antigen
(6 times)
Parasitology
(3 times)
CSF (1 time)
ESA (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
2005 Strains of Toxoplasma gondii used for tachyzoite antigens to stimulate spleen cells of infected mice in vitro affect cytokine responses of the cells in the culture.
18  transperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy
(6 times)
Urology
(3 times)
RLA (5 times)
RALA (1 time)
2003 [Comparative study on transperitoneal retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy and open adrenalectomy for adrenal tumours].
19  theta-like activity
(5 times)
Brain
(3 times)
PS (2 times)
CCh (1 time)
DG (1 time)
1997 Suppression of pair-pulse depression of the population spike in the dentate gyrus during carbachol-induced theta-like activity in guinea pig hippocampal slices.
20  thiolactic acid
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
QDs (2 times)
alpha2,3-ST (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
2001 Electrocatalytic response of norepinephrine at a thiolactic acid self-assembled gold electrode.
21  thymus-leukemia antigens
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
MHC (2 times)
beta 2m (1 time)
CTLs (1 time)
1979 Limited trypsin cleavage distinguishes MHC and thymus-leukemia antigens.
22  trypsin-like activity
(5 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
alpha 1-AT (1 time)
alpha 2-MG (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1975 Excretion of trypsin-like activity, electrolytes and protein in mixed and parotid saliva of patients with cystic fibrosis of the pancreas.
23  Time lag analysis
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
RDA (2 times)
mMDS (1 time)
NMDS (1 time)
2009 Statistical performance and information content of time lag analysis and redundancy analysis in time series modeling.
24  total Leishmania antigen
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
IMQ (1 time)
LIPO-IMQ (1 time)
nanoARC (1 time)
2016 Immunization with antigenic extracts of Leishmania associated with Montanide ISA 763 adjuvant induces partial protection in BALB/c mice against Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis infection.
25  translumbar aortography
(4 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
1979 Computed tomographic evaluation of para-aortic hematoma following translumbar aortography.
26  tree-like appearance
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
MALT (2 times)
BMS (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1992 [Ultrasonic tissue characterization in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: analysis of three-layered appearance of the ventricular septum by apical approach].
27  therapeutic local anesthesia
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NRPs (1 time)
1978 [Therapeutic local anesthesia (TLA)].
28  total locomotor activity
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AQ (1 time)
AVOs (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
2008 The effect of administration of amodiaquine on some parameters of neurobehaviour of Wistar rats.
29  trailing limb angle
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
SS (2 times)
6MWT (1 time)
AGRF (1 time)
2015 Paretic Propulsion and Trailing Limb Angle Are Key Determinants of Long-Distance Walking Function After Stroke.
30  transperitoneal
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
RLA (2 times)
LA (1 time)
2008 [Minimally invasive adrenalectomy: transperitoneal vs. retroperitoneal approach].
31  T-lymphocyte apoptosis
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CTR (1 time)
KTR (1 time)
SIR (1 time)
1989 The current status of T-lymphocyte apheresis (TLA) treatment of Crohn's disease.
32  temporal lobe atrophy
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
DWMH (1 time)
FLA (1 time)
1997 Bilateral temporal lobe volume reduction parallels cognitive impairment in progressive aphasia.
33  territorial local authority
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1997 Comparison of provision and need for publicly-funded personal health services.
34  thrombolysoangioplasty
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IAT (1 time)
PTA (1 time)
PTFE (1 time)
1993 Thrombolysis combined with angioplasty for failed femorodistal arterial grafts.
35  timolol-LA
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
TIM (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
2004 A 12-month, multicenter, randomized, double-masked, parallel-group comparison of timolol-LA once daily and timolol maleate ophthalmic solution twice daily in the treatment of adults with glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
36  total lipase activity
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
dw (1 time)
YM (1 time)
1988 Development of lipase activity in yolk membrane and pancreas of young turkeys.
37  total lysate antigen
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
ROP1 (1 time)
rROP1 (1 time)
2014 Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in domestic sheep in Belgium.
38  transcriptionally low active
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
MB (1 time)
TA (1 time)
1991 Age-related changes of supranucleosomal structures and DNA-synthesizing properties of rat liver chromatin.
39  transitional line angle
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
GI (1 time)
HSD (1 time)
2011 [Three-dimensional model analysis of the gingival sulcus width from different retraction time].
40  Trinidad Lake Asphalt
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
TPB (2 times)
UFO (1 time)
WCO (1 time)
2015 Rutting and Fatigue Cracking Resistance of Waste Cooking Oil Modified Trinidad Asphaltic Materials.
41  tris((6-methyl-2-pyridyl)methyl)amine
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 1998 Correlation of a Solution-State Conformational Change between Mercuric Chloride Complexes of Tris[(2-(6-methylpyridyl))methyl]amine with X-ray Crystallographic Structures.
42  truncated light-harvesting antenna
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SRP43 (1 time)
WT (1 time)
2014 Maximizing photosynthetic efficiency and culture productivity in cyanobacteria upon minimizing the phycobilisome light-harvesting antenna size.
43  Truncated Light-harvesting chlorophyll Antenna size
(2 times)
Patents as Topic
(1 time)
cpSRP (1 time)
2014 The chloroplast signal recognition particle (CpSRP) pathway as a tool to minimize chlorophyll antenna size and maximize photosynthetic productivity.
44  tuberculous lymphadenitis
(2 times)
Skin Diseases
(1 time)
PPD (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2000 A patient with suspected sarcoidosis died from miliary tuberculosis.
45  anti-Toxoplasma gondii lysate antigen
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
IFN (1 time)
2012 Evaluation of immune responses induced by SAG1 and MIC3 vaccine cocktails against Toxoplasma gondii.
46  lip-tongue adhesion
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PRS (1 time)
2008 The effect of glossopexy on weight velocity in infants with Pierre Robin syndrome.
47  T-loop area
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2005 Repolarization abnormality for prediction of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in American Indians: the Strong Heart Study.
48  tactually aided condition
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
LA (1 time)
1990 Perception of sentences, words, and speech features by profoundly hearing-impaired children using a multichannel electrotactile speech processor.
49  Taihu Lake algae
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LEA (1 time)
SEA (1 time)
2017 Fractional conversion of microalgae from water blooms.
50  Talker, lipreading, and hearing aids
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
LA (1 time)
1990 Perception of sentences, words, and speech features by profoundly hearing-impaired children using a multichannel electrotactile speech processor.
51  target linear acceleration
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
RHK (1 time)
2018 Kinematic Comparison of the Roundhouse Kick Between Taekwondo, Karate, and Muaythai.
52  tartar control LA
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CHX (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
2001 In vitro effect of oral antiseptics on human immunodeficiency virus-1 and herpes simplex virus type 1.
53  task length average
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
TEM (1 time)
TWA (1 time)
2006 Occupational exposure to carbon/coke fibers in plants that produce green or calcined petroleum coke and potential health effects: 2. Fiber concentrations.
54  teaching and learning activity
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
case (1 time)
PBL (1 time)
2014 The medical exhibition seminar.
55  technique for local anesthesia
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1999 [Tumescent technique for local anesthesia. Use and prospectives of aa new anesthetic method].
56  temporal language area
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
CCEP (1 time)
FLA (1 time)
2014 Intraoperative cortico-cortical evoked potentials for the evaluation of language function during brain tumor resection: initial experience with 13 cases.
57  temporary lecturer in anatomy
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 1999 Profiles of applicants for junior faculty posts to teach anatomy in the UK: changing populations of candidates.
58  terramycin long-acting
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Treatment of bovine dermatophilosis with Senna alata, Lantana camara and Mitracarpus scaber leaf extracts.
59  territorial local authorities
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2014 Geographic analysis of infant mortality in New Zealand, 1995-2008: an ethnicity perspective.
60  Tertiary Limestone Aquifer
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SGD (1 time)
2015 Submarine groundwater discharge from the South Australian Limestone Coast region estimated using radium and salinity.
61  Therapeutic injections with local anesthetics
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Local anesthetics injection therapy for musculoskeletal disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
62  thin layer-based amperometric
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
RSV (1 time)
SPS (1 time)
2012 A thin layer-based amperometric enzyme immunoassay for the rapid and sensitive diagnosis of respiratory syncytial virus infections.
63  thin-layer angiogenesis
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2014 A thin layer angiogenesis assay: a modified basement matrix assay for assessment of endothelial cell differentiation.
64  thiolactic
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2005 Kinetic catalytic determination of trace Cu(II) in water samples with the thioglycolic/thiolactic acid-chromate reaction.
65  third leaf angle
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DH (1 time)
FLA (1 time)
SLA (1 time)
2009 [Genetic characteristics of wheat functional leaves at filling stage under different water regimes].
66  third leaf area
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
FLA (1 time)
FLL (1 time)
FOLA (1 time)
2019 Identification of QTL underlying the leaf length and area of different leaves in barley.
67  third-line agent
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
SAEs (1 time)
SRSE (1 time)
2017 Brexanolone as adjunctive therapy in super-refractory status epilepticus.
68  thoracoscopic-laparoscopic approach
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LA (1 time)
P3DVES (1 time)
TA (1 time)
2016 Routes for virtually guided endoscopic liver resection of subdiaphragmatic liver tumors.
69  three-level Angoff
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
MCQs (1 time)
2014 Reducing the number of options on multiple-choice questions: response time, psychometrics and standard setting.
70  three-level Angoff approach
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
MA (1 time)
OSCE (1 time)
2011 Comparison of two methods of standard setting: the performance of the three-level Angoff method.
71  threshold line angle
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BPOF (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
1989 Efficient algorithm for designing a ternary valued filter yielding maximum signal to noise ratio.
72  thromboembolism of lung artery
(1 time)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1994 [The pulmonary thromboembolism problem: the means for its resolution in a general clinical hospital].
73  thrombolytic agents
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CVC (1 time)
ESKD (1 time)
2017 Interventions for treating central venous haemodialysis catheter malfunction.
74  Thulium laser ablation
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
RIRS (1 time)
UUT-TCC (1 time)
2011 First collaborative experience with thulium laser ablation of localized upper urinary tract urothelial tumors using retrograde intra-renal surgery.
75  tibial long axis
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
mCCWO (1 time)
TPA (1 time)
2018 Modified cranial closing wedge ostectomy in 25 dogs.
76  timely linkage-to-care and ART initiation
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
CHiPs (1 time)
PLWH (1 time)
2017 Predictors of timely linkage-to-ART within universal test and treat in the HPTN 071 (PopART) trial in Zambia and South Africa: findings from a nested case-control study.
77  timolol maleate with potassium sorbate
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
THH (1 time)
2008 Evaluation of aqueous humor concentrations of Istalol and Betimol following a single ocular instillation in rabbit eyes.
78  Titanium lunate arthroplasty
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DASH (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
2018 Long-Term Clinical Outcome After Titanium Lunate Arthroplasty for Kienbock Disease.
79  Tlalnepantla
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CES (1 time)
MER (1 time)
PED (1 time)
2002 Basic statistics of PM2.5 and PM10 in the atmosphere of Mexico City.
80  Tonnis lateral acetabuloplasty
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
SO (1 time)
2016 Comparison of Salter osteotomy and Tonnis lateral acetabuloplasty with simultaneous open reduction for the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip: midterm results.
81  top level athletes
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ARVD (1 time)
CA (1 time)
SD (1 time)
1998 Cardiac arrest and sudden death in competitive athletes with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia.
82  top level elite professional athletes
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AAD (1 time)
RFA (1 time)
SVT (1 time)
1995 Catheter ablation in competitive athletes: indication.
83  topical
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
2010 Anesthesiologist intervention during cataract surgery under topical or peribulbar anesthesia: a propensity model comparison.
84  topical local anesthetic
(1 time)
Head
(1 time)
DPVAS (1 time)
FLACC (1 time)
normal saline (1 time)
2013 Intranasal topical local anesthetic and decongestant for flexible nasendoscopy in children: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
85  toroidal lattice architecture
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
PLA (1 time)
1992 Massively parallel architectures for large scale neural network simulations.
86  total
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
PLA (1 time)
1995 Effects of light availability and tree size on the architecture of assimilative surface in the canopy of Picea abies: variation in needle morphology.
87  total area of vestibular lymph fluid
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CBI (1 time)
EH (1 time)
LSCC (1 time)
2015 Ratio of Vestibular Endolymph in Patients with Isolated Lateral Semicircular Canal Dysplasia.
88  total cerebral lesion area
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
MS-C (1 time)
MS-F (1 time)
1994 Relationship between frontal lobe lesions and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test performance in patients with multiple sclerosis.
89  total lab automation
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
TTR (1 time)
2018 Detection of MRSA in nasal swabs-marked reduction of time to report for negative reports by substituting classical manual workflow with total lab automation.
90  total laboratory automation system
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
CBC (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2017 Multiple pre- and post-analytical lean approaches to the improvement of the laboratory turnaround time in a large core laboratory.
91  total leaf area per twig size
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LN (1 time)
MLA (1 time)
2013 Plant trait-species abundance relationships vary with environmental properties in subtropical forests in eastern china.
92  total leg abnormalities
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
EH (1 time)
1987 Effects of light source, ambient temperature, and dietary energy source on the general performance and incidence of leg abnormalities of roaster chickens.
93  total Leishmania antigen stimulus
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
AVL (1 time)
iNKT (1 time)
2018 Dual immune effect of iNKT cells considering human cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis: An example of cell plasticity according to different disease scenarios.
94  total lesion area of the brain
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CCR (1 time)
EDSS (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2001 Correlations of brain MRI parameters to disability in multiple sclerosis.
95  total lesion metabolic activity
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
FDG (1 time)
FMM (1 time)
PET (1 time)
2012 Fuzzy multi-class statistical modeling for efficient total lesion metabolic activity estimation from realistic PET images.
96  totally laparoscopic approach
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
SCLM (1 time)
2016 Impact of totally laparoscopic combined management of colorectal cancer with synchronous hepatic metastases on severity of complications: a propensity-score-based analysis.
97  totally lesioned animals
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
GST (1 time)
PLA (1 time)
1997 Lesion of nigrostriatal neurons by 6-hydroxydopamine induces changes in rat brain glutathione-S-transferase.
98  Toxoplasma lysate Ag
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1996 IL-15 augments CD8+ T cell-mediated immunity against Toxoplasma gondii infection in mice.
99  traditional lingual access
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ISA (1 time)
2017 Comparison of apical centring ability between incisal-shifted access and traditional lingual access for maxillary anterior teeth.
100  Traffic Light Assistant
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
ADAS (1 time)
SUMO (1 time)
TraaS (1 time)
2018 Connection of the SUMO Microscopic Traffic Simulator and the Unity 3D Game Engine to Evaluate V2X Communication-Based Systems.