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Abbreviation: TLD
Appearance Frequency: 964 time(s)
Long forms: 112

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
thermoluminescent dosimeter
(670 times)
Radiology
(158 times)
CT (29 times)
IMRT (29 times)
TPS (28 times)
1967 The radiation distributions around linear radium sources as measured with thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD).
typical language development
(70 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(37 times)
SLI (35 times)
DLD (17 times)
LI (3 times)
2005 Neurophysiological indexes of speech processing deficits in children with specific language impairment.
thymineless death
(29 times)
Bacteriology
(9 times)
NA (2 times)
UV (2 times)
CAP (1 time)
1969 Thymineless death in Escherichia coli: inactivation and recovery.
Targeted lung denervation
(14 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(11 times)
COPD (2 times)
AECOPD (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
2016 [Bronchoscopic treatments for COPD].
tenofovir/lamivudine/dolutegravir
(9 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(5 times)
ART (5 times)
AFRICOS (2 times)
DTG (2 times)
2019 Comparative effectiveness of first-line antiretroviral therapy: results from a large real-world cohort after the implementation of dolutegravir.
thalidomide
(7 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
PTX (4 times)
MPO (2 times)
TNF (2 times)
2004 Effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors pentoxifylline and thalidomide on alveolar bone loss in short-term experimental periodontal disease in rats.
threshold load of dyspnea
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
BSS (5 times)
BLD (4 times)
BS (4 times)
1990 [Quantitative assessment of dyspnea by introducing new indices based on the Borg scale during exercise test and the correlation with parameters of pulmonary functions at rest].
total lung dose
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
APSD (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
CFD (1 time)
2004 Is there a relationship between somatic and autonomic neuropathies in chronic alcoholics?
Third-location Decompression
(6 times)
Occupational Medicine
(3 times)
ADF (1 time)
CAF (1 time)
FU (1 time)
2011 The subjective utility of early psychosocial interventions following combat deployment.
10  tenofovir disoproxil fumarate-lamivudine-dolutegravir
(5 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
ART (2 times)
NNRTI (2 times)
ADRs (1 time)
2022 Transitioning women to first-line preferred TLD regimen is lagging in Sub-Saharan Africa.
11  thoracic lymphatic duct
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
RLD (1 time)
1978 [Drainage of the thoracic lymphatic duct and lymphovenous anastomosis in treating portal hypertension].
12  total liver denervation
(5 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
min (2 times)
FI (1 time)
ICS (1 time)
1991 Change in meal size, number and duration after neural isolation of liver and with TPN.
13  tracking-learning-detection
(5 times)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
CMs (1 time)
CPM (1 time)
CRQA (1 time)
2016 Evaluation of a laying-hen tracking algorithm based on a hybrid support vector machine.
14  trilinear decomposition
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
PARAFAC (3 times)
TOFMS (2 times)
GRAM (1 time)
2001 Three-way analysis of fluorescence spectra of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with quenching by nitromethane.
15  tRNA-like domain
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SmpB (3 times)
tmRNA (3 times)
EF-Tu (1 time)
2005 tmRNA and associated ligands: a puzzling relationship.
16  laterodorsalis tegmenti
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
SPLI (2 times)
LC (1 time)
LS (1 time)
1982 Origins of substance P-containing fibers in the lateral septal area of young rats: immunohistochemical analysis of experimental manipulations.
17  thermoluminescent personal dosimeters
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
DOE (1 time)
IR (1 time)
MPO (1 time)
1989 [The use of 3-dimensional CT reconstruction in childhood. Technics and dosimetry].
18  total lordosis duration
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
EB (2 times)
ATD (1 time)
s.c (1 time)
1980 Relative contributions of oestradiol and progesterone to the maintenance of sexual receptivity in mated female hamsters.
19  transverse limb deficiency
(3 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
LLD (2 times)
aORs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1994 Chorionic villus sampling and transverse limb deficiencies: maternal age is not a confounder.
20  treatment-limitation decisions
(3 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
DNI (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
NIV (1 time)
2012 Noninvasive mechanical ventilation in patients having declined tracheal intubation.
21  T-lymphocyte depletion
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
BMT (1 time)
GVHD (1 time)
MDI (1 time)
1996 Outcome of unrelated donor bone marrow transplantation in 40 children with Hurler syndrome.
22  tegmentalis laterodorsalis
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
HRP (1 time)
1978 Descending projection of the nucleus tegmentalis latero-dorsalis to the spinal cord; studied by the horseradish peroxidase method following 6-hydroxy-DOPA administration.
23  thermoluminescent diode
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DMPO (1 time)
ICRP (1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
2005 Dose to bone marrow using IMRT techniques in prostate cancer patients.
24  thoracolumbar deformity
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CD (2 times)
cSVA (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
2016 A comparative analysis of the prevalence and characteristics of cervical malalignment in adults presenting with thoracolumbar spine deformity based on variations in treatment approach over 2years.
25  TL dosimetry
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DRL (1 time)
TL (1 time)
2015 Present status and future trends in the development of thermoluminescent materials.
26  top-level domain
(2 times)
Education
(1 time)
--- 2002 Enhancing learning through use of interactive tools on health-related websites.
27  total lung deposition
(2 times)
Lung Diseases
(1 time)
IVIVCs (1 time)
PI (1 time)
PIFR (1 time)
2011 In vitro tests for aerosol deposition. I: Scaling a physical model of the upper airways to predict drug deposition variation in normal humans.
28  Traffic Light Diet
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
TAU (1 time)
zBMI (1 time)
2006 Treatment of pediatric overweight: an examination of feasibility and effectiveness in an applied clinical setting.
29  between lunch-dinner
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
CHOB (1 time)
ISCTs (1 time)
2020 Mathematical Models of Meal Amount and Timing Variability With Implementation in the Type-1 Diabetes Patient Decision Simulator.
30  Ca-F2-thermoluminescent dosimetry crystals
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DCP (1 time)
1998 [Radiation exposure of radiation-sensitive risk organs--ocular lens, parotid gland, thyroid gland--in dacryocystography and therapy].
31  iso-thermal layer depth
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MLD (1 time)
PLD (1 time)
SODA (1 time)
2014 Mixed layer depth trends in the Bay of Biscay over the period 1975-2010.
32  Leidenfrost temperature
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Ts (1 time)
2020 Drop Impact on Heated Nanostructures.
33  T lymphocyte-deficient
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CFU-GM (1 time)
WT (1 time)
2006 T lymphocyte-deficient mice lose trabecular bone mass with ovariectomy.
34  T-lymphocytes of lower density
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
1982 Acetylcholinesterase activity of lymphocytes: an enzyme characteristic of T-cells.
35  T-Lymphoproliferative Diseases
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BLD (1 time)
1992 [Immunologic study of lymphoproliferative diseases].
36  tadalafil
(1 time)
Male Urogenital Diseases
(1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
ED (1 time)
PDE5-Is (1 time)
2018 In silico screening of anthraquinones from Prismatomeris memecyloides as novel phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitors (PDE-5Is).
37  Taiwan's local databases
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
H model (1 time)
L model (1 time)
ML (1 time)
2021 Assessing the International Transferability of a Machine Learning Model for Detecting Medication Error in the General Internal Medicine Clinic: Multicenter Preliminary Validation Study.
38  talker-to-listener distance
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Talker-to-listener distance effects on speech production and perception.
39  tandem-linked domains
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SSEs (1 time)
2007 Folding of tandem-linked domains.
40  targeted lymphocyte depletion
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
RIC (1 time)
2013 Host lymphocyte depletion as a strategy to facilitate early full donor chimerism after reduced-intensity allogeneic stem cell transplantation.
41  Tat/Liposome/DNA
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
PTD (1 time)
2004 HIV-1 Tat protein transduction domain peptide facilitates gene transfer in combination with cationic liposomes.
42  Taylor laminar dispersion
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1985 Taylor laminar dispersion in human airways.
43  temporal lobe damage
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Reorganization of memory functions after human temporal lobe damage.
44  temporal lobe disconnection
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MTLE (1 time)
2013 Long-term outcome of surgical disconnection of the epileptic zone as an alternative to resection for nonlesional mesial temporal epilepsy.
45  Temporal Lobe Dysfunction
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
2011 Probable Alzheimer's disease patients presenting as "focal temporal lobe dysfunction" show a slow rate of cognitive decline.
46  temporal lobe dysplasia
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
TD (1 time)
2014 Temporal lobe dysplasia: a characteristic sonographic finding in thanatophoric dysplasia.
47  tenofovir and lamivudine
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
DRMs (1 time)
DTG (1 time)
2019 Drug resistance and optimizing dolutegravir regimens for adolescents and young adults failing antiretroviral therapy.
48  Teratosphaeria leaf disease
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
MLD (1 time)
2021 Influence of Mycosphaerella and Teratosphaeria leaf diseases on chemical composition of essential oils of Eucalyptus globulus and effect of these essential oils on ascospores germination.
49  term live delivery
(1 time)
aPL (1 time)
PEC (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2022 Pregnancy outcomes in antiphospholipid antibody positive patients: prospective results from the AntiPhospholipid Syndrome Alliance for Clinical Trials and InternatiOnal Networking (APS ACTION) Clinical Database and Repository ('Registry').
50  ternary logic decoder
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ICDG (1 time)
LG (1 time)
MRS (1 time)
2021 Ternary logic decoder using independently controlled double-gate Si-NW MOSFETs.
51  textile light diffuser
(1 time)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
PDT (1 time)
POF (1 time)
2013 New design of textile light diffusers for photodynamic therapy.
52  TFIIS-like domain
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
Bye1 (1 time)
PHD (1 time)
pol (1 time)
2013 Structures of RNA polymerase II complexes with Bye1, a chromatin-binding PHF3/DIDO homologue.
53  therapeutic limitation decisions
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
PICU (1 time)
2016 [Limitation of therapeutic effort in Paediatric Intensive Care Units: Bioethical knowledge and attitudes of the medical profession].
54  thermoluminescent lithium fluoride dosimetry system
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 1992 Reducing transmitted radiation in dental radiography.
55  thermosensitive liposomal doxorubicin
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MR-HIFU (1 time)
2015 Hyperthermia-mediated doxorubicin release from thermosensitive liposomes using MR-HIFU: therapeutic effect in rabbit Vx2 tumours.
56  Thiazide Like Diuretics
(1 time)
AHD (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CCB (1 time)
2021 Pathophysiologically based antihypertensive pharmacotherapeutics rationality, efficacy and safety in Sub Saharan African Nations - A review.
57  thin layer distillation
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
PFI (1 time)
2007 Thin layer distillation for matrix isolation in flow analysis.
58  thoracolumbar disc herniation
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LL (1 time)
LLD (1 time)
NG (1 time)
2017 Radiological analysis for thoracolumbar disc herniation in spinopelvic sagittal alignment: A retrospective study.
59  Thoracolumbar dysfunction
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 2020 Management of chronic testicular pain due to thoracolumbar junction syndrome: A pilot study.
60  threshold level-duration
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2013 Why longer song elements are easier to detect: threshold level-duration functions in the Great Tit and comparison with human data.
61  through-lens detector
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EELS (1 time)
FIB (1 time)
ICE (1 time)
2019 Direct measurement of TEM lamella thickness in FIB-SEM.
62  tildipirosin
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
MRA (1 time)
URT (1 time)
2021 Effect of treatment of pneumonia and otitis media with tildipirosin or florfenicol + flunixin meglumine on health and upper respiratory tract microbiota of preweaned Holstein dairy heifers.
63  time since last development
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PWW (1 time)
2020 Planning for the wetland restoration potential based on the viability of the seed bank and the land-use change trajectory in the Sanjiang Plain of China.
64  time since last dose
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
two-thirds (1 time)
2017 Model-Based Therapeutic Drug Monitoring of Infliximab Using a Single Serum Trough Concentration.
65  time to loading dose
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2019 Time to Loading Dose and Risk of Recurrent Events in the SOCRATES Trial.
66  TLD lamda
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
PST (1 time)
2010 A photon spectrometric dose-rate constant determination for the Advantage Pd-103 brachytherapy source.
67  TLDc-containing protein
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
IbTLD (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2022 IbTLD modulates reactive oxygen species scavenging and DNA protection to confer salinity stress tolerance in tobacco.
68  TLDs, questioning the accuracy of ESD
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
ESD (1 time)
LAT (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2006 Radiation doses to patients undergoing standard radiographic examinations: a comparison between two methods.
69  TLDYKPLSV
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
EBV (1 time)
GLC (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2009 Upregulation of interleukin 7 receptor alpha and programmed death 1 marks an epitope-specific CD8+ T-cell response that disappears following primary Epstein-Barr virus infection.
70  tolerance limited distance
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GIS (1 time)
PWD (1 time)
2019 Justice in Dementia Care Resource Allocation: How Should We Plan for Dementia Services?
71  tongue's long diameter
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DW (1 time)
LSD (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2018 Dentures wearing reduce motion artifacts related to tongue movement in magnetic resonance imaging.
72  tonsillar lacuna discharge
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2007 [Treatment of chronic tonsillitis: prognostic criteria of efficacy].
73  topo I-linked DNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CPT (1 time)
PLDBs (1 time)
topo I (1 time)
2012 Antitumor agents 294. Novel E-ring-modified camptothecin-4beta-anilino-4'-O-demethyl-epipodophyllotoxin conjugates as DNA topoisomerase I inhibitors and cytotoxic agents.
74  topoisomerase I-linked DNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PARP (1 time)
2008 ATP modulates poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1-facilitated topoisomerase I-linked DNA religation in the presence of camptothecin.
75  Total Lesion Diffusion
(1 time)
Abdomen
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
CCC (1 time)
DCE (1 time)
2017 Quantitating whole lesion tumor biology in rectal cancer MRI: taking a lesson from FDG-PET tumor metrics.
76  total leucocyte depletion
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CABG (1 time)
CLD (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
2003 Leucocyte depletion in cardiopulmonary bypass: a comparison of four strategies.
77  Total lidocaine dose
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
BCSD (1 time)
BF (1 time)
SLC (1 time)
2004 Novel bronchofiberscopic catheter spray device allows effective anesthetic spray and sputum suctioning.
78  total limbal stem cell deficiency
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AMT (1 time)
PLD (1 time)
2003 Amniotic membrane transplantation for partial and total limbal stem cell deficiency secondary to chemical burn.
79  total line days
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
rt-PA (1 time)
2016 Comparison of intensive versus standard hemodialysis central venous catheter dysfunction protocol using rt-PA: a quality assurance initiative.
80  total lipodystrophy
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
MCT (1 time)
1983 Eucaloric substitution of medium chain triglycerides for dietary long chain fatty acids in acquired total lipodystrophy: effects on hyperlipoproteinemia and endogenous insulin resistance.
81  total liver disease
(1 time)
Liver Diseases
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
AST (1 time)
2020 Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and the liver: a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis.
82  total liver dominance
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HLD (1 time)
LDLT (1 time)
LHL (1 time)
2006 The "territorial belonging" of the middle hepatic vein: a troublesome dilemma in adult live donor liver transplantation--anatomical evidence based on virtual 3-dimensional-computed tomography-imaging reconstructions.
83  total longitudinal displacement
(1 time)
Rheumatic Diseases
(1 time)
CCAs (1 time)
LV (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
2018 Impaired cardiac and vascular motion in patients with Takayasu's arteritis: A velocity vector imaging-based study.
84  total lung distribution
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ICSs (1 time)
IFR (1 time)
MDI (1 time)
2013 Inhaled corticosteroid metered-dose inhalers: how do variations in technique for solutions versus suspensions affect drug distribution?
85  totally liver denervated
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
HAPV (1 time)
IAAD (1 time)
1996 Liver denervation attenuates the hypophagia produced by an imbalanced amino acid diet.
86  traits viz., larval duration
(1 time)
Biological Markers
(1 time)
CWT (1 time)
ISSR (1 time)
LWT (1 time)
2007 Molecular Markers for Biomass Traits: Association, Interaction and Genetic Divergence in Silkworm Bombyx mori.
87  transfer-RNA-like domain
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
MLD (1 time)
tmRNA (1 time)
2012 The complex of tmRNA-SmpB and EF-G on translocating ribosomes.
88  transgenic model with DIZE administration
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ACE2 (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
2018 [ACE2 agonist DIZE alleviates lung injury induced by limb ischemia-reperfusion in mice].
89  transient leukemoid disorder
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
1999 Transient leukemoid disorder in a newborn with Down syndrome followed 19 months later by an acute myeloid leukemia: demonstration of the same structural change in both instances with clonal evolution.
90  transient lympho-depletion
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EBV (1 time)
TCR (1 time)
2013 Persistence of EBV antigen-specific CD8 T cell clonotypes during homeostatic immune reconstitution in cancer patients.
91  translocation domain
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
Env (1 time)
2002 Chimeric ecotropic MLV envelope proteins that carry EGF receptor-specific ligands and the Pseudomonas exotoxin A translocation domain to target gene transfer to human cancer cells.
92  translocator domain
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
Oca (1 time)
OM (1 time)
2008 Contribution of trimeric autotransporter C-terminal domains of oligomeric coiled-coil adhesin (Oca) family members YadA, UspA1, EibA, and Hia to translocation of the YadA passenger domain and virulence of Yersinia enterocolitica.
93  transluminal dilatation
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1984 Percutaneous transluminal dilatation of peripheral arteries: an analysis of factors predicting early success.
94  transmitted light detector
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
DIC (1 time)
2005 A simple method allowing DIC imaging in conjunction with confocal microscopy.
95  transverse ligament destruction
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
AR (1 time)
C1-C2 JC (1 time)
2015 In vitro biomechanics of the craniocervical junction-a sequential sectioning of its stabilizing structures.
96  transverse limb defects
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
CVS (1 time)
OMLHC (1 time)
1992 Limb anomalies following chorionic villus sampling: a registry based case-control study.
97  transverse-length ratio dimension
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EFA (1 time)
LD (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2014 An objective measure to evaluate actual body shape among children and adolescents in China.
98  trilineage differentiation
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
allo (1 time)
auto (1 time)
MFI (1 time)
2018 In vitro MSC function is related to clinical reaction in vivo.
99  Trilineage disease
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
CR (1 time)
MPO (1 time)
1992 Evaluation of the dysmyelopoiesis in 336 patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia: major importance of dysgranulopoiesis for remission and survival.
100  trilineage dysplasia
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
ATRA (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2001 De novo acute myeloid leukemia in the elderly; a consistent fraction of long-term survivors by standard-dose chemotherapy.