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Abbreviation: TM
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Long forms: 1215

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
transmembrane
(2191 times)
Biochemistry
(675 times)
GPCRs (91 times)
Er (66 times)
SU (63 times)
1986 Clonal variation in cell surface display of an H-2 protein lacking a cytoplasmic tail.
thrombomodulin
(1310 times)
Vascular Diseases
(279 times)
vWF (140 times)
TF (102 times)
APC (96 times)
1984 The relationship between thrombomodulin expression and cell cycle stages in cultured rabbit endothelial cells.
trabecular meshwork
(1033 times)
Ophthalmology
(637 times)
IOP (307 times)
POAG (185 times)
ECM (141 times)
1983 Glutathione in calf trabecular meshwork and its relation to aqueous humor outflow facility.
tympanic membrane
(723 times)
Otolaryngology
(366 times)
ME (37 times)
AOM (36 times)
ABG (23 times)
1975 Remote extracochlear versus intracochlear recordings in the guinea pig.
transmembrane domain
(523 times)
Biochemistry
(177 times)
SU (23 times)
GPCRs (20 times)
ER (19 times)
1988 Biochemical complexity of serum HLA class I molecules.
tunicamycin
(505 times)
Cell Biology
(81 times)
ER (266 times)
UPR (80 times)
TG (70 times)
1977 Tunicamycin inhibits glycosylation and multiplication of Sindbis and vesicular stomatitis viruses.
thalassemia major
(470 times)
Hematology
(169 times)
TI (77 times)
MRI (32 times)
CMR (31 times)
1983 Alpha-globin loci in homozygous beta-thalassemia intermedia.
transition metal
(462 times)
Chemistry
(258 times)
DFT (46 times)
HER (18 times)
NRR (17 times)
2000 Structure of nu-Al(80.61)Cr(10.71)Fe(8.68), a giant hexagonal approximant of a quasicrystal determined by a combination of electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction
tropomyosin
(401 times)
Biochemistry
(118 times)
Tn (52 times)
TnT (27 times)
TnI (20 times)
1975 Correlation between the inhibition of the acto-heavy meromyosin ATPase and the binding of tropomyosin to F-actin: effects of Mg2+, KCl, troponin I, and troponin C.
10  transverse magnetic
(312 times)
Ophthalmology
(171 times)
TE (235 times)
THz (18 times)
PBS (13 times)
1984 A solution of electromagnetic imaging using pseudoinverse transformation.
11  traditional medicine
(202 times)
Complementary Therapies
(36 times)
MA (41 times)
CAM (15 times)
CI (5 times)
1987 Toward a comprehensive evaluation of alternative medicine.
12  transverse myelitis
(176 times)
Neurology
(73 times)
ON (47 times)
MS (39 times)
NMO (27 times)
1984 [Our experiences of PISCES (percutaneously inserted spinal cord electrical stimulation) in SMON and other neurologic disorders].
13  Transcendental Meditation
(146 times)
Psychophysiology
(19 times)
PTSD (9 times)
BP (8 times)
CVD (8 times)
1975 A controlled study of the EEG during transcendental meditation: comparison with hypnosis.
14  tectorial membrane
(120 times)
Audiology
(43 times)
OHCs (16 times)
BM (15 times)
IHCs (7 times)
1978 Ultrastructure of the different zones of the tectorial membrane.
15  treadmill
(118 times)
Sports Medicine
(35 times)
CE (22 times)
HR (17 times)
RPE (12 times)
1975 [Hemodynamic differences between maximal treadmill and bicycle ergometer test in coronary disease].
16  Thematic Mapper
(110 times)
Environmental Health
(67 times)
NDVI (14 times)
OLI (13 times)
GIS (11 times)
1994 Remote sensing of tropical wetlands for malaria control in Chiapas, Mexico.
17  telemedicine
(108 times)
Medical Informatics
(14 times)
IP (5 times)
UC (5 times)
COVID-19 (4 times)
2000 Strabismus examination by telemedicine.
18  tail moment
(101 times)
Environmental Health
(33 times)
TL (35 times)
OTM (22 times)
MDA (9 times)
1998 Genotoxic bifunctional aldehydes produce specific images in the comet assay.
19  testicular microlithiasis
(95 times)
Urology
(37 times)
US (17 times)
CIS (8 times)
LTM (8 times)
1994 Testicular microlithiasis: imaging appearances and pathologic correlation.
20  tetrathiomolybdate
(75 times)
Neoplasms
(27 times)
ROS (6 times)
VEGF (5 times)
LOX (4 times)
1989 Subcellular distribution of copper in the kidneys of normal, copper-poisoned, and thiomolybdate-treated sheep.
21  tumor marker
(74 times)
Neoplasms
(32 times)
CEA (14 times)
OS (9 times)
AFP (8 times)
1978 Tumor markers: hormones, antigens, and enzymes in malignant disease.
22  total motility
(68 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(31 times)
PM (28 times)
CASA (8 times)
LIN (7 times)
1983 International mortality trends and secular changes.
23  time
(67 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
TE (9 times)
DEER (4 times)
tR (4 times)
1979 [Study of muscle hemodynamics during exercise: Physiological and pathological variations in Xe 133 elimination: A new method of interpretation (author's transl)].
24  timolol maleate
(66 times)
Pharmacology
(31 times)
IOP (15 times)
HA (4 times)
AZ (3 times)
2000 Solubilization of timolol maleate in reversed micellar systems. Measurement of particle size using SAXS and PCS.
25  trabecular metal
(64 times)
Orthopedics
(41 times)
THA (8 times)
CI (4 times)
TSA (4 times)
2008 Trabecular metal patella in total knee arthroplasty with patella bone deficiency.
26  total mastectomy
(56 times)
Neoplasms
(31 times)
BCS (19 times)
OS (11 times)
RT (8 times)
1986 Pathologic findings from the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast Project (protocol 6). I. Intraductal carcinoma (DCIS).
27  telemonitoring
(55 times)
Medical Informatics
(13 times)
HF (18 times)
UC (8 times)
COPD (6 times)
2007 Effects of nurse-managed telemonitoring on blood pressure at 12-month follow-up among urban African Americans.
28  temporomandibular
(49 times)
Dentistry
(29 times)
AI (3 times)
DDR2 (2 times)
Di (2 times)
1980 Influences of temporomandibular articular mechanoreceptors in functional jaw movements.
29  tracheomalacia
(48 times)
Pediatrics
(21 times)
EA (6 times)
MDCT (5 times)
BM (4 times)
1991 The absence of clinically significant tracheomalacia in patients having esophageal atresia without tracheoesophageal fistula.
30  trapeziometacarpal
(48 times)
General Surgery
(23 times)
OA (5 times)
STT (5 times)
DASH (2 times)
1988 Trapeziometacarpal stabilisation in arthrosis.
31  teres major
(45 times)
Orthopedics
(27 times)
LD (21 times)
ISP (7 times)
EMG (5 times)
2001 Anatomical basis of latissimus dorsi and teres major transfers in rotator cuff tear surgery with particular reference to the neurovascular pedicles.
32  thermal manipulation
(45 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(19 times)
ED (10 times)
TC (9 times)
RH (8 times)
2004 Thermal manipulations during broiler chick embryogenesis: effects of timing and temperature.
33  tuberomammillary nucleus
(43 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
AD (3 times)
ADA (3 times)
GABA (3 times)
1986 Neuronal colocalization of adenosine deaminase, monoamine oxidase, galanin and 5-hydroxytryptophan uptake in the tuberomammillary nucleus of the rat.
34  transformed migraine
(41 times)
Neurology
(37 times)
CDH (18 times)
CM (9 times)
NDPH (9 times)
1992 Chronic daily headache: long-term prognosis following inpatient treatment with repetitive IV DHE.
35  tamoxifen
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
DFS (3 times)
PgR (3 times)
Bmi1-YFP (2 times)
1985 Effect of adjuvant tamoxifen and CMF on endocrine function of patients with operable breast cancer.
36  trace metal
(37 times)
Environmental Health
(31 times)
BCF (3 times)
Cd (3 times)
AD (1 time)
2004 Continuous-flow fractionation of trace metals in environmental solids using rotating coiled columns. Some kinetic aspects and applicability of three-step BCR leaching schemes.
37  tooth mobility
(36 times)
Dentistry
(25 times)
PD (21 times)
CAL (8 times)
BOP (7 times)
1988 Upper anterior tooth mobility. Selected associations in untreated periodontitis.
38  text message
(33 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
CPR (3 times)
OHCA (2 times)
PC (2 times)
2009 Improved adherence and outcomes for pediatric liver transplant recipients by using text messaging.
39  thrombotic microangiopathy
(33 times)
Transplantation
(14 times)
TTP (7 times)
BMT (5 times)
GalT-KO (3 times)
1989 Thrombotic microangiopathy in three patients with cured lymphoma.
40  tuberculous meningitis
(33 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
CSF (8 times)
BM (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1986 The pathology and pathogenesis of tuberculous encephalopathy and myeloradiculopathy: a comparison with allergic encephalomyelitis.
41  text mining
(32 times)
Medical Informatics
(18 times)
NLP (5 times)
NER (3 times)
AFP (1 time)
2007 Text processing through Web services: calling Whatizit.
42  trace mineral
(31 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(24 times)
ADG (4 times)
BW (4 times)
CON (4 times)
1989 The influence of mineral supplementation on growth and skeletal development of yearling horses.
43  transfusion medicine
(31 times)
Hematology
(23 times)
CTMC (2 times)
EMR (2 times)
NBME (2 times)
1988 Resident education in transfusion medicine: a multi-institutional needs assessment.
44  torus mandibularis
(30 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
TP (23 times)
MCI (4 times)
OR (2 times)
1988 Prevalence of torus palatinus and torus mandibularis in Germans and Thai.
45  Tenebrio molitor
(26 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
HI (5 times)
AD (3 times)
AFP (2 times)
1983 Mealworm asthma: clinical and immunologic studies.
46  transmission matrix
(25 times)
Optics and Photonics
(16 times)
MMF (3 times)
DMD (2 times)
MMFs (2 times)
2008 Product stewardship in wollastonite production.
47  thiophanate-methyl
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
MBC (5 times)
FM (3 times)
2-AB (2 times)
2000 Determination of thiophanate-methyl and its metabolites at trace level in spiked natural water using the supported liquid membrane extraction and the microporous membrane liquid-liquid extraction techniques combined on-line with high-performance liquid chromatography.
48  tuberomammillary
(24 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
HDC (5 times)
nAChRs (3 times)
AD (1 time)
1987 Electrophysiological properties of cortically projecting histamine neurons of the rat hypothalamus.
49  therapeutic misconception
(22 times)
Ethics
(10 times)
AEDs (1 time)
ALS (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2002 The therapeutic misconception, beneficence, and respect.
50  traditional method
(22 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
CMCR (2 times)
CRM (2 times)
HS (2 times)
1989 Dry heat popping of amaranth seed might damage some of its essential amino acids.
51  tumor microenvironment
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
EMT (6 times)
HCC (3 times)
BC (2 times)
2011 Ion channels and transporters in cancer. 3. Ion channels in the tumor cell-microenvironment cross talk.
52  thermal mixing
(21 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
DNP (13 times)
CE (9 times)
SE (6 times)
2006 Solid-phase synthesis of oligodeoxyribonucleoside boranophosphates by the boranophosphotriester method.
53  tissue-mimicking
(20 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
BSA (3 times)
US (3 times)
CT (2 times)
1982 X-ray linear attenuation coefficients in the mammographic range for ultrasonic breast phantom materials.
54  transgender men
(20 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
TW (13 times)
CW (3 times)
ENIGI (3 times)
2018 Impact of Hormone Therapy on Laboratory Values in Transgender Patients.
55  transmembrane subunit
(20 times)
Virology
(15 times)
Env (13 times)
SU (11 times)
ERVs (3 times)
1995 Dissection of a retrovirus envelope protein reveals structural similarity to influenza hemagglutinin.
56  thimerosal
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
EZ (7 times)
HQ (7 times)
CH (6 times)
1991 Evaluation of 10 chemicals for aneuploidy induction in the hexaploid wheat assay.
57  transgenic mice
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
APL (6 times)
GH (4 times)
HBsAg (2 times)
1989 Use of transgenic mice for the characterization of human alpha 1-acid glycoprotein (orosomucoid) variants.
58  transmasculine
(19 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
TF (8 times)
hr-HPV (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2017 Comparing self- and provider-collected swabbing for HPV DNA testing in female-to-male transgender adult patients: a mixed-methods biobehavioral study protocol.
59  TaqMan
(18 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
PCR (4 times)
AdV (2 times)
CI (2 times)
1999 One-tube fluorogenic reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction for the quantitation of feline coronaviruses.
60  toxic megacolon
(18 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
UC (7 times)
IBD (5 times)
CD (2 times)
1981 Toxic megacolon in ulcerative colitis: a continuing challenge.
61  Therapeutic mammaplasty
(17 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
BCS (2 times)
DCIS (2 times)
BC (1 time)
2011 Therapeutic mammaplasty--a systematic review of the evidence.
62  triple mutant
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
DM (3 times)
WT (3 times)
OPN (2 times)
2004 Inhibition of phosphorylation of a forkhead transcription factor sensitizes human ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin.
63  Talaromyces marneffei
(16 times)
Communicable Diseases
(5 times)
HIV (4 times)
ART (2 times)
HLH (2 times)
2019 Proteomic analysis of serum proteins from HIV/AIDS patients with Talaromyces marneffei infection by TMT labeling-based quantitative proteomics.
64  transitional mucosa
(16 times)
Pathology
(7 times)
Con A (2 times)
GS-I (2 times)
LFA (2 times)
1979 Failure to demonstrate specificity of the morphological and histochemical changes in mucosa adjacent to colonic carcinoma (transitional mucosa).
65  tube method
(16 times)
Clinical Medicine
(4 times)
CRA (13 times)
TCP (12 times)
CoNS (2 times)
1998 A comparison of ultrasonic and mechanical stadiometry.
66  Tofts model
(15 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(6 times)
DCE-MRI (5 times)
ETM (5 times)
SSM (5 times)
2011 On the scope and interpretation of the Tofts models for DCE-MRI.
67  transfer matrix
(15 times)
Biophysics
(7 times)
FMC (3 times)
AMs (2 times)
AS (1 time)
2004 Multicriticality of the three-dimensional Ising model with plaquette interactions: an extension of Novotny's transfer-matrix formalism.
68  Typus Melancholicus
(15 times)
Psychiatry
(12 times)
KIMTP (3 times)
NTM (2 times)
CHD (1 time)
1992 Japanese Type A behavior pattern is associated with "typus melancholicus": a study from the sociocultural viewpoint.
69  thylakoid membrane
(14 times)
Botany
(4 times)
PM (4 times)
FI (2 times)
pD1 (2 times)
1992 Localization and distribution of hopanoids in membrane systems of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6714.
70  transmembrane envelope
(14 times)
Virology
(6 times)
MPER (7 times)
HIV-1 (5 times)
PERV (5 times)
2010 Immunization with the transmembrane protein of a retrovirus, feline leukemia virus: absence of antigenemia following challenge.
71  tensile modulus
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
TS (8 times)
EB (4 times)
BM (3 times)
2005 The effects of hormone replacement on the biomechanical properties of the uterosacral and round ligaments in the monkey model.
72  testicular macrophages
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
UPEC (4 times)
SC (3 times)
PM (2 times)
2008 Uropathogenic Escherichia coli block MyD88-dependent and activate MyD88-independent signaling pathways in rat testicular cells.
73  Tooth Mousse
(12 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
CSE (2 times)
GB (2 times)
TMP (2 times)
2008 An in vitro assessment of the role of Tooth Mousse in preventing wine erosion.
74  tooth movement
(12 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
RANKL (3 times)
TRAP (2 times)
ACVR2B (1 time)
2006 Local RANKL gene transfer to the periodontal tissue accelerates orthodontic tooth movement.
75  tubular myelin
(12 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
LB (2 times)
LBs (2 times)
SP-A (2 times)
1977 Conversion of lamellar body membranes into tubular myelin in alveoli of fetal rat lungs.
76  template matching
(11 times)
Biology
(3 times)
ANN (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
1994 Brief interval heart period variability by different methods of analysis correlates highly with 24 h analyses in normals.
77  traditional microscopy
(11 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
WSI (4 times)
VM (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
2012 Implementing virtual microscopy improves outcomes in a hematology morphology course.
78  traditional model
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
SFM (7 times)
PBPK (2 times)
CDM (1 time)
1996 [Management and monitoring of transient work incapacity. Is the primary care model effective?].
79  treadmill running
(11 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
HVCRT (2 times)
1HP (1 time)
2HP (1 time)
1991 A new approach to rowing ergometry: establishing exercise intensity relative to maximum force output.
80  tapping mode
(10 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
AFM (8 times)
AMLM (2 times)
a-p,d (1 time)
2000 Surface characterization of aspirin crystal planes by dynamic chemical force microscopy.
81  target module
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
CAR (5 times)
scFv (3 times)
UniCAR (3 times)
1996 Quantitative RT-PCR: limits and accuracy.
82  transmembrane envelope glycoprotein
(10 times)
Virology
(7 times)
SU (4 times)
HIV-1 (3 times)
FIV (2 times)
1990 A host gene regulates the structure of the transmembrane envelope protein of murine leukemia viruses.
83  transmission mode
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
AP (3 times)
DART (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1997 Ultrasound tomography system used for monitoring bubbly gas/liquid two-phase flow.
84  transtheoretical model
(10 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
CPAP (2 times)
IPV (2 times)
SCT (2 times)
2000 Obesity management in primary care: assessment of readiness to change among 284 family practice patients.
85  trichotillomania
(10 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
OCD (6 times)
AA (1 time)
NC (1 time)
1992 A comparison of clinical features in trichotillomania and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
86  trimebutine maleate
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CE (1 time)
CSCs (1 time)
Dex (1 time)
1998 Effects of trimebutine maleate on gastric motility in patients with gastric ulcer.
87  tautomycin
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
OA (3 times)
PP1 (3 times)
CLA (2 times)
1989 Comparison of the effect of tautomycin and phorbol ester on protein kinase C in a cell-free system.
88  template modeling
(9 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
RMSD (2 times)
EVfold (1 time)
FM (1 time)
2012 Improving protein template recognition by using small-angle x-ray scattering profiles.
89  temporal muscle
(9 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
EC (2 times)
AMB (1 time)
CBP (1 time)
2012 Postcraniotomy function of the temporal muscle in skull base surgery: technical note based on a preliminary study.
90  therapeutic massage
(9 times)
Physical Medicine
(2 times)
DTM (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
AS (1 time)
2011 Physiological and clinical changes after therapeutic massage of the neck and shoulders.
91  third molar
(9 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
CPS (2 times)
PT (2 times)
AMX-CLV (1 time)
2003 Can psychological models bridge the gap between clinical guidelines and clinicians' behaviour? A randomised controlled trial of an intervention to influence dentists' intention to implement evidence-based practice.
92  thoracic myelopathy
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
JOA (3 times)
mJOA (3 times)
RR (3 times)
2013 Variables affecting postsurgical prognosis of thoracic myelopathy caused by ossification of the ligamentum flavum.
93  thrombin-thrombomodulin
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
APC (4 times)
ABE1 (1 time)
CPB-II (1 time)
1992 Effects of calphobindin II (annexin VI) on procoagulant and anticoagulant activities of cultured endothelial cells.
94  time motion
(9 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
pts (2 times)
ASR (1 time)
AVEI (1 time)
1976 State-of-the-art in two-dimensional ultrasonic transducer array technology.
95  toxic metal
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
Ac-T (1 time)
AMF (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
2004 Differential induction of podocyte heat shock proteins by prolonged single and combination toxic metal exposure.
96  transcriptional mutagenesis
(9 times)
Science
(4 times)
O6-MeG (2 times)
8-oxoG (1 time)
8OG (1 time)
2008 Transcription of DNA containing the 5-guanidino-4-nitroimidazole lesion by human RNA polymerase II and bacteriophage T7 RNA polymerase.
97  transmastoid
(9 times)
Otolaryngology
(8 times)
MCF (6 times)
SSCD (3 times)
ABG (1 time)
1999 Meningoencephalic herniation into the middle ear.
98  transmethylation
(9 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
RM (6 times)
TS (5 times)
Met (3 times)
1988 Quantitative study in vivo of methionine cycle in humans using [methyl-2H3]- and [1-13C]methionine.
99  transmural
(9 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
LV (2 times)
AB (1 time)
AC (1 time)
1985 Elevated coronary vascular resistance in the presence of reduced resting blood flow distal to a severe coronary stenosis.
100  trapezius myalgia
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CON (4 times)
BKN (2 times)
KAL (2 times)
2004 Increase in muscle nociceptive substances and anaerobic metabolism in patients with trapezius myalgia: microdialysis in rest and during exercise.