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Abbreviation: TN
Appearance Frequency: 5221 time(s)
Long forms: 365

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
total nitrogen
(2050 times)
Environmental Health
(1540 times)
TP (870 times)
COD (407 times)
TOC (168 times)
1971 [The behaviour of ninhydrin-positive substances in the tail tissue ofXenopus larvae during growth and metamorphosis].
trigeminal neuralgia
(997 times)
Neurosurgery
(418 times)
MVD (232 times)
GKS (62 times)
HFS (59 times)
0 Trigeminal Neuralgia Induced by Sour and Spicy Foods: What Is the Underlying Mechanism? A Case Report.
triple-negative
(485 times)
Neoplasms
(304 times)
ER (85 times)
HER2 (82 times)
BC (69 times)
1990 Evidence for susceptibility of intrathymic T-cell precursors and their progeny carrying T-cell antigen receptor phenotypes TCR alpha beta + and TCR gamma delta + to human immunodeficiency virus infection: a mechanism for CD4+ (T4) lymphocyte depletion.
tenascin
(182 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
FN (51 times)
ECM (39 times)
LN (14 times)
1988 The distribution of fibronectin and tenascin along migratory pathways of the neural crest in the trunk of amphibian embryos.
thermoneutral
(153 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(87 times)
HS (94 times)
RR (14 times)
PFTN (11 times)
1983 Influence of heat stress on exercise-induced changes in regional blood flow in sheep.
true negative
(140 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(26 times)
TP (120 times)
FN (108 times)
FP (100 times)
1987 Sentence verification and event-related brain potentials.
total N
(118 times)
Environmental Health
(87 times)
TP (42 times)
SOC (14 times)
TOC (10 times)
1981 Changes in the composition of digesta during passage through the small intestines of steers.
terminal nerve
(61 times)
Neurology
(27 times)
GnRH (29 times)
sGnRH (8 times)
cGnRH-II (5 times)
1986 Amphibian terminal nerve: distribution revealed by LHRH and AChE markers.
treatment-naive
(54 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
TE (20 times)
HCV (12 times)
SVR (10 times)
2004 Efficacy and tolerability of initial combination therapy with nateglinide and metformin in treatment-naive patients with type 2 diabetes.
10  thyroid nodules
(50 times)
Endocrinology
(19 times)
FNA (6 times)
TC (6 times)
US (6 times)
1993 [Management of the thyroid nodule. Preliminary results of a practice survey of 685 general practitioners and specialists].
11  tibial nerve
(47 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
CPN (16 times)
SN (13 times)
DPN (4 times)
1983 Quantitative studies of the abnormal axon-Schwann cell relationship in the peripheral motor and sensory nerves of the dystrophic mouse.
12  tetranectin
(45 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
OC (6 times)
CSF (3 times)
HS (3 times)
1987 Immunosuppressive effects of polynactins (tetranactin, trinactin and dinactin) on experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis in rats.
13  tumor necrosis
(39 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
OS (9 times)
HG (5 times)
RCC (5 times)
1990 Osteosarcoma: correlation between radiological and histological changes after intra-arterial chemotherapy.
14  toxin neutralization
(31 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(20 times)
ToBI (8 times)
IHA (6 times)
HA (5 times)
1970 Immunization against neonatal tetanus in New Guinea. 4. Comparison of tetanus antitoxin titres obtained by haemagglutination and toxin neutralization in mice.
15  twisted nematic
(28 times)
Ophthalmology
(21 times)
LC (10 times)
LCs (3 times)
ECB (2 times)
1987 Legibility study of multiplexed twisted nematic LCDs based on colorimetry and matching tests.
16  trigeminal nerve
(25 times)
Neurosurgery
(9 times)
SCA (3 times)
TG (3 times)
EB (2 times)
1985 HSV-1 quantitation from rabbit neural tissues after epinephrine-induced reactivation.
17  Tennessee
(24 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
NC (3 times)
CI (2 times)
Cp (2 times)
1985 Geographic variation in litter size in the cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus): factors influencing ovulation rate.
18  Neel temperature
(22 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
AF (2 times)
DFT (2 times)
2,4,6-TPV (1 time)
2004 On the variation of magnetic susceptibility of a molecular crystal with temperature: the 2,4,6-triphenylverdazyl system.
19  talonavicular
(22 times)
Orthopedics
(19 times)
CC (4 times)
AOFAS (3 times)
ST (3 times)
2000 Talo-navicular arthrodesis for residual midfoot deformities of a previously corrected clubfoot.
20  tunicamycin
(19 times)
Cell Biology
(8 times)
ER (12 times)
UPR (5 times)
TG (3 times)
1981 Functional and partial chemical characterization of the carbohydrate moieties of the IgE receptor on rat basophilic leukemia cells and rat mast cells.
21  naive T cells
(14 times)
Immune System Diseases
(4 times)
GVHD (3 times)
TCM (3 times)
HCT (2 times)
2006 Differential susceptibility of naive, central memory and effector memory T cells to dendritic cell-mediated HIV-1 transmission.
22  transnasal
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
TO (5 times)
EGD (4 times)
VAS (2 times)
2005 Long-term neurological, visual, and endocrine outcomes following transnasal resection of craniopharyngioma.
23  treatment needs
(11 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
CPITN (3 times)
BOP (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
1988 [Epidemiological study of periodontal disease. Mass examination in university students with CPITN].
24  Tamil Nadu
(10 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
MH (3 times)
AP (2 times)
MP (2 times)
2004 Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is an important cause of encephalitis among children in Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu, India.
25  tree nut
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
PN (6 times)
IVS (2 times)
BF2 (1 time)
1998 Clinical features of acute allergic reactions to peanut and tree nuts in children.
26  tiller number
(9 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
PH (4 times)
QTL (3 times)
LL (2 times)
2003 Molecular marker dissection of rice (Oryza sativa L.) plant architecture under temperate and tropical climates.
27  Touriga Nacional
(9 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
TR (5 times)
TF (3 times)
SAR (2 times)
2004 Effect of some viticultural parameters on the grape carotenoid profile.
28  trans-nonachlor
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
CC (4 times)
TC (4 times)
HCB (3 times)
1988 Comparison of two techniques for quantifying environmental contaminants in human serum.
29  transdermal nicotine
(9 times)
Psychopharmacology
(3 times)
CO (1 time)
EOT (1 time)
LY (1 time)
2004 The functional mu opioid receptor (OPRM1) Asn40Asp variant predicts short-term response to nicotine replacement therapy in a clinical trial.
30  transplant nephrectomy
(9 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
DSA (2 times)
AR (1 time)
CTLs (1 time)
1994 New patterns of transplant nephrectomy in the cyclosporine era.
31  alpha-tocopheryl nicotinate
(8 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
TA (3 times)
TS (3 times)
alpha-T (2 times)
1983 Metabolism of the nicotinic acid moiety of d,l-alpha-tocopheryl nicotinate.
32  naive T
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
BM (1 time)
CML (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2006 Age-dependent loss of naive T cells in TCR transgenic bone marrow chimeras.
33  triple-network
(8 times)
Carbohydrates
(2 times)
DN (3 times)
CS (2 times)
HA (2 times)
2009 Tuning of cell proliferation on tough gels by critical charge effect.
34  tumor node
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
OS (2 times)
RP (2 times)
ASCC (1 time)
2002 Concurrent cisplatin, etoposide, and chest radiotherapy in pathologic stage IIIB non-small-cell lung cancer: a Southwest Oncology Group phase II study, SWOG 9019.
35  turnover number
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
DFT (1 time)
DPC (1 time)
ETF (1 time)
1983 The effects of pH, ionic strength, and chemical modifications on the reaction of electron transfer flavoprotein with an acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase.
36  thermoneutral conditions
(7 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
HS (6 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
aa (1 time)
2000 Spinal cord monoaminergic system response to age and cold-acclimatization in muscovy duckling.
37  total nephrectomy
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
NSS (3 times)
PN (3 times)
UWT (2 times)
2007 Does laparoscopy beget underuse of partial nephrectomy for T(1) renal masses? Competing treatment decision pathways may influence utilization.
38  transition temperature
(7 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
XPS (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
CEF (1 time)
2007 Mossbauer characterization and in situ monitoring of thermal decomposition of potassium ferrate(VI), K2FeO4 in static air conditions.
39  transnuclear
(7 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(2 times)
TCR (2 times)
CD4IELs (1 time)
TCR-MHC (1 time)
2012 CD8(+) T cells from mice transnuclear for a TCR that recognizes a single H-2K(b)-restricted MHV68 epitope derived from gB-ORF8 help control infection.
40  tumor nest
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
TS (7 times)
OS (3 times)
CIs (2 times)
2014 Accumulation of CD208⁺ mature dendritic cells does not correlate with survival time in oral squamous cell carcinoma patients.
41  tensor network
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AOP (1 time)
DMRG (1 time)
iTEBD (1 time)
2014 Tensor networks and quantum error correction.
42  total soil nitrogen
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
SOC (3 times)
AHN (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2012 Soil C and N changes with afforestation of grasslands across gradients of precipitation and plantation age.
43  transition
(6 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
AHE (1 time)
2013 Differential regulation of marginal zone and follicular B cell responses by CD83.
44  teniposide
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CAM (3 times)
FST (1 time)
m-AMSA (1 time)
1991 The concentration-dependent diversity of effects of DNA topoisomerase I and II inhibitors on the cell cycle of HL-60 cells.
45  thermoneutral zone
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
HS (4 times)
MOS (2 times)
Bet (1 time)
2006 Effects of mild heat stress and grain challenge on acid-base balance and rumen tissue histology in lambs.
46  traumatic neuroma
(5 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
A1AT (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
NCS (1 time)
1988 Facial paralysis: traumatic neuromas vs. facial nerve neoplasms.
47  trochlear nucleus
(5 times)
Brain
(3 times)
AN (3 times)
OMC (3 times)
SVN (3 times)
1981 Cytoarchitecture of the oculomotor nuclear complex and of the trochlear nucleus in the marmoset (Callithrix jacchus).
48  tannin
(4 times)
Food
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
AID (1 time)
ANF (1 time)
2008 Effect of common antinutritive factors and fibrous feedstuffs in pig diets on amino acid digestibilities with special emphasis on threonine.
49  Tetric N-Ceram
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
FB (3 times)
BB (2 times)
RBCs (2 times)
2017 How light attenuation and filler content affect the microhardness and polymerization shrinkage and translucency of bulk-fill composites?
50  thermoneutral temperature
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FI (2 times)
avUCP (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1991 Effects of temperature on the performance of finishing swine: I. Effects of a hot, diurnal temperature on average daily gain, feed intake, and feed efficiency.
51  thionine
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
MB (2 times)
BCB (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1998 Flow injection spectrophotometric determination of trace amounts of selenium.
52  tinman
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
Arx (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2006 Physical and functional interactions between the prostate suppressor homeoprotein NKX3.1 and serum response factor.
53  transcutaneous neuromodulation
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
PAC-SYM (2 times)
FC (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2014 Transcutaneous Neuromodulation at Posterior Tibial Nerve and ST36 for Chronic Constipation.
54  Triple negative tumours
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
HER2 (1 time)
IDC (1 time)
IDCs (1 time)
2012 Negative/low HER2 expression alone or combined with E-cadherin positivity is predictive of better prognosis in patients with breast carcinoma.
55  triple receptor-negative
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
HR (2 times)
pCR (2 times)
BM (1 time)
2009 Triple receptor-negative breast cancer: the effect of race on response to primary systemic treatment and survival outcomes.
56  Triple-negative breast cancer
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
LUM (1 time)
TIL (1 time)
2015 Autophagy is decreased in triple-negative breast carcinoma involving likely the MUC1-EGFR-NEU1 signalling pathway.
57  Teat number
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
ES (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
1997 Effect of the estrogen receptor locus on reproduction and production traits in four commercial pig lines.
58  temporally-to-nasally
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
NT (3 times)
OKN (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
1983 Optokinetic and spontaneous nystagmus in children with neurological disorders.
59  test-negative
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ARI (2 times)
VE (2 times)
CC (1 time)
2017 A comparison of the test-negative and the traditional case-control study designs for estimation of influenza vaccine effectiveness under nonrandom vaccination.
60  thermo-neutral group
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AL (1 time)
FR (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2003 Effect of feed restriction early in life on humoral and cellular immunity of two commercial broiler strains under heat stress conditions.
61  thin
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
TK (2 times)
Dark (1 time)
DEOMs (1 time)
1984 Blood ionic calcium responses of hens from thick-shell and thin-shell lines to ethyleneglycol-bis-(B-aminoethylether)-N,N'-tetraacetic acid injections.
62  total nitrite
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MDA (2 times)
COD (1 time)
VP (1 time)
2006 The effect of resveratrol in experimental cataract model formed by sodium selenite.
63  total number
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
ATA (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
1985 Comparison of lifetime performance in mice under crisscross, repeat hybrid male cross and random mating systems.
64  trabecular number
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BMD (2 times)
BVF (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
1994 Age- and sex-dependent cancellous bone changes in a 4000y BP population.
65  traditional nixtamalization
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
ANT (1 time)
C3G (1 time)
2013 Nutraceutical properties of flour and tortillas made with an ecological nixtamalization process.
66  trained normotensive
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
SN (3 times)
TH (3 times)
SH (2 times)
2013 Exercise training improves cardiovascular autonomic activity and attenuates renal damage in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
67  triadimenol
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
TF (2 times)
LODs (1 time)
LOQs (1 time)
2012 Stereoselective separation and determination of triadimefon and triadimenol in wheat, straw, and soil by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
68  trichorrhexis nodosa
(3 times)
Skin Diseases
(2 times)
PA (1 time)
2014 Recurrent hair loss resulting from generalized proximal trichorrhexis nodosa in a nigerian female.
69  truncated Newton
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
BPTI (1 time)
L-BFGS (1 time)
PhC (1 time)
2003 Performance of hybrid methods for large-scale unconstrained optimization as applied to models of proteins.
70  tubulointerstitial nephritis
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
TBM (2 times)
aTBM (1 time)
1976 Immunopathogenesis of autoimmune tubulointerstitial nephritis. I. Demonstration of differential susceptibility in strain II and strain XIII guinea pigs.
71  5-Tetric N-Ceram Bulk Fill
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
TE (3 times)
EF (2 times)
se (2 times)
2015 Cervical Interfacial Bonding Effectiveness of Class II Bulk Versus Incremental Fill Resin Composite Restorations.
72  nixtamal tortillas
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
TIS (1 time)
2001 [Fortification and evaluation of the nixtamal tortillas].
73  tar/nicotine
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
Tn (1 time)
1995 Switching to ultralow nicotine cigarettes: effects of different tar yields and blocking of olfactory cues.
74  task negative
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
TP (2 times)
DMN (1 time)
2012 The default mode network and recurrent depression: a neurobiological model of cognitive risk factors.
75  Tatarinan N
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
NF-kappaB (1 time)
NFATc1 (1 time)
2018 Tatarinan N inhibits osteoclast differentiation through attenuating NF-kappaB, MAPKs and Ca2+-dependent signaling.
76  taurine
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GoC (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
ME (1 time)
2019 Normalization of heart rate variability with taurine and meldonium complex in post-infarction patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
77  taurolidine
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ERK (1 time)
MMC (1 time)
OX (1 time)
2009 Taurolidine and oxidative stress: a rationale for local treatment of mesothelioma.
78  Team Nutrition
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
--- 2002 The Team Nutrition pilot study: lessons learned from implementing a comprehensive school-based intervention.
79  telenursing
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
SC (1 time)
2014 Impact of a telenursing service on satisfaction and health outcomes of children with inflammatory rheumatic diseases and their families: a crossover randomized trial study protocol.
80  telephone nursing
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
SHD (1 time)
TT (1 time)
2000 Telephone nursing: evidence of client and organizational benefits.
81  temperature normalization
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DF (2 times)
MLR (2 times)
OCs (1 time)
2001 Are PCBs in the Canadian Arctic atmosphere declining? Evidence from 5 years of monitoring.
82  tentacle nerve
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
EOG (1 time)
LOVN (1 time)
OE (1 time)
2006 Air movement evokes electro-olfactogram oscillations in the olfactory epithelium and modulates olfactory processing in a slug.
83  term neonates
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ANS (1 time)
FPT (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2017 Autonomic nervous system in newborns: a review based on heart rate variability.
84  testicular neoplasia
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
ILD (1 time)
Pu (1 time)
1995 Examination of testicular tumours in the beagle dog exposed to inhaled plutonium.
85  testis nuclear extract
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
LN (2 times)
Ldh-c (1 time)
LDHC (1 time)
1994 A 60-bp core promoter sequence of murine lactate dehydrogenase C is sufficient to direct testis-specific transcription in vitro.
86  thermal-neutral environment
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CE (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
1988 Influence of prepartum exposure of beef heifers to winter weather on concentrations of plasma energy-yielding substrates, serum hormones and birth weight of calves.
87  thiamine mononitrate
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
FL (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
1999 Alteration of thiamine pharmacokinetics by end-stage renal disease (ESRD).
88  Thionin
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
AB (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
2007 Hybridization detection of DNA by measuring organic small molecule amplified resonance light scattering signals.
89  thyronine
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ME (1 time)
PE (1 time)
PN (1 time)
2005 Sensitized photooxidation of thyroidal hormones. Evidence for heavy atom effect on singlet molecular oxygen [O2(1Deltag)]-mediated photoreactions.
90  Ti-Ni
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
TAV (2 times)
CCM (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
2003 Electrochemical study on microbiology-related corrosion of metallic dental materials.
91  tibionavicular
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AAFD (1 time)
ATF (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2003 Avulsion fractures of the medial and lateral malleoli of the ankle in cadavers: new radiographic projections for improved diagnosis.
92  TIR-NBS
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
TNL (2 times)
LRRs (1 time)
MPSS (1 time)
2002 TIR-X and TIR-NBS proteins: two new families related to disease resistance TIR-NBS-LRR proteins encoded in Arabidopsis and other plant genomes.
93  tomaculous neuropathy
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 1989 Tomaculous neuropathy presenting as acute recurrent polyneuropathy.
94  torsional nystagmus
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
iC (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
riMLF (1 time)
1992 Torsional nystagmus. A neuro-otological and MRI study of thirty-five cases.
95  total nitrogen concentration
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
COD (1 time)
DO (1 time)
2016 Developmental changes in carbon and nitrogen metabolism affect tea quality in different leaf position.
96  total nitrogen content
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
AOP (1 time)
COD (1 time)
EVs (1 time)
2015 Analytical approaches to the OH radical induced degradation of sulfonamide antibiotics in dilute aqueous solutions.
97  total soil N
(2 times)
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
(1 time)
AGB (1 time)
HWC (1 time)
MBC (1 time)
2012 Interannual variations of soil organic carbon fractions in unmanaged volcanic soils (Canary Islands, Spain).
98  trade name
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
IISs (1 time)
MRs (1 time)
2015 Completeness and accuracy of the wisconsin immunization registry: an evaluation coinciding with the beginning of meaningful use.
99  traffic noise
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LFN (1 time)
LST (1 time)
NTL (1 time)
2003 Effects of nighttime low frequency noise on the cortisol response to awakening and subjective sleep quality.
100  transplant-naive
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
aHR (1 time)
AOR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2012 Reduced survival and quality of life following return to dialysis after transplant failure: the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study.