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Abbreviation: TNR
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Long forms: 73

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
trinucleotide repeat
(82 times)
Biochemistry
(28 times)
HD (13 times)
BER (11 times)
FECD (6 times)
1994 A Sau3A polymorphism in the 5' end of the IT15 gene that nonrandomly segregates with the Huntington disease trinucleotide expansion.
trap-neuter-return
(30 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(19 times)
AAWD (1 time)
CCP (1 time)
FRCs (1 time)
2002 Characteristics of free-roaming cats and their caretakers.
tumor-to-normal tissue ratio
(15 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
CT (3 times)
HCC (3 times)
DCIS (2 times)
2006 Evaluation of primary brain tumors with FLT-PET: usefulness and limitations.
total nasal resistance
(14 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
NPT (3 times)
AAR (2 times)
AR (2 times)
1989 Rhinomanometry in the selection for adenoidectomy and its relation to preoperative radiology.
true negative rate
(12 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
TPR (10 times)
AUC (4 times)
SVM (3 times)
1979 Use of treadmill score to quantify ischemic response and predict extent of coronary disease.
tumor-to-nontumor SUV ratio
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
HCC (6 times)
FDG-PET (3 times)
18F-FDG (2 times)
2007 Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography predicts tumor differentiation, P-glycoprotein expression, and outcome after resection in hepatocellular carcinoma.
trap-neuter-release
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
GIS (1 time)
TVHR (1 time)
VPS (1 time)
2006 Management of feral domestic cats in the urban environment of Rome (Italy).
tumor necrosis rate
(5 times)
Pathology, Surgical
(1 time)
UR (3 times)
AR (2 times)
AUR (1 time)
2009 [Value of thallium-201 scintigraphy in assessment of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for osteosarcoma].
trigeminal nerve root
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
TN (2 times)
AICA (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
2010 Immunohistochemistry of displaced sensory neurons in the trigeminal nerve root.
10  tone-to-noise ratio
(3 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
RFS (2 times)
ASE (1 time)
CNR (1 time)
2009 1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission over 600-km SSMF fiber with subwavelength bandwidth access.
11  transient noise reduction
(3 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
SRTs (1 time)
2011 Effects of transient noise reduction algorithms on speech intelligibility and ratings of hearing aid users.
12  Trap, neuter and return
(3 times)
Animal Diseases
(2 times)
--- 2017 Trap-Neuter-Return Activities in Urban Stray Cat Colonies in Australia.
13  tumour-to-normal ratios
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
AUC (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
APT (1 time)
2015 Prognostic value of volume-based measurements on (11)C-methionine PET in glioma patients.
14  tele-neurorehabilitation
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2013 The status of telerehabilitation in neurological applications.
15  temperature-to-noise ratio
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
DEGRE (1 time)
FA (1 time)
HT (1 time)
2017 Dual-Pathway sequences for MR thermometry: When and where to use them.
16  tonic neck reflexes
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
EMG (2 times)
Anc (1 time)
BB (1 time)
1993 The influence of tonic neck reflexes on voluntary fatiguing elbow movements in humans.
17  total nitrogen removal rate
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ANR (2 times)
CANON (2 times)
SABF (2 times)
2018 Start-up of the completely autotrophic nitrogen removal over nitrite process with a submerged aerated biological filter and the effect of inorganic carbon on nitrogen removal and microbial activity.
18  total normalized rate
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
--- 1999 Integrated cytochrome P450 reaction phenotyping: attempting to bridge the gap between cDNA-expressed cytochromes P450 and native human liver microsomes.
19  transdermal nicotine replacement
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2007 High-dose transdermal nicotine and naltrexone: effects on nicotine withdrawal, urges, smoking, and effects of smoking.
20  trauma nursing rounds
(2 times)
Emergency Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2015 Nurses' perceived benefits of trauma nursing rounds (TNR) on clinical practice in an Australian emergency department: a mixed methods study.
21  tumor to noise ratio
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
FRalpha (1 time)
GTV (1 time)
2011 Semi-automatic delineation using weighted CT-MRI registered images for radiotherapy of nasopharyngeal cancer.
22  2,4,6-trinitroresorcine
(1 time)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
HPLC/MS (1 time)
TOC (1 time)
2013 Degradation and mineralization of 2,4,6-trinitroresorcine in various photochemical systems.
23  non-tumor maximum standardized uptake value ratio
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
18F-FDG PET (1 time)
ALBI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2018 Proposal of a New Preoperative Prognostic Model for Solitary Hepatocellular Carcinoma Incorporating 18F-FDG-PET Imaging with the ALBI Grade.
24  non-tumor SUV ratio
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FDG (1 time)
G6Pase (1 time)
GLUT1 (1 time)
2009 P-glycoprotein expression affects 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose accumulation in hepatocellular carcinoma in vivo and in vitro.
25  tar-to-nicotine ratio
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2011 The linear relationship between cigarette tar and nicotine yields: regulatory implications for smoke constituent ratios.
26  target-to-normal lung ratios
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 Comparison of Diagnostic Sensitivity and Quantitative Indices Between (68)Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT and (111)In-Pentetreotide SPECT/CT in Neuroendocrine Tumors: a Preliminary Report.
27  tau nuclear rod
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
tau (1 time)
TNI (1 time)
2016 Faulty splicing and cytoskeleton abnormalities in Huntington's disease.
28  temporal/inner nasal ratio
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
DONFL (1 time)
ERM (1 time)
ILM (1 time)
2012 Retinal thickness after vitrectomy and internal limiting membrane peeling for macular hole and epiretinal membrane.
29  tenascin receptor
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
HCV-1b (1 time)
IL-28B (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2014 Novel host genetic variations associated with spontaneous clearance of a single-source outbreak of HCV1b infections.
30  terminal nitrogen rise
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1976 Terminal nitrogen rise.
31  Tetrahymena nonreversal
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 1992 Locus-dependent profiles of the rescue of nonexcitable behavioral mutants during conjugation in Tetrahymena thermophila.
32  Tiebu Nature Reserve
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Genetic diversity and population structure of a Sichuan sika deer (Cervus sichuanicus) population in Tiebu Nature Reserve based on microsatellite variation.
33  till the start of the next one
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2012 A retrospective study of the novel combination of paclitaxel and S1 for pretreated advanced non-small cell lung cancer.
34  Times New Roman
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
FFS (1 time)
HV (1 time)
TPC (1 time)
2006 The effect of font and line width on reading speed in people with mild to moderate vision loss.
35  TNRmax
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
DW (1 time)
Met (1 time)
2014 Correlation of 11C-methionine PET and diffusion-weighted MRI: is there a complementary diagnostic role for gliomas?
36  TNRmult
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
SRTs (1 time)
2016 Transient Noise Reduction in Cochlear Implant Users: a Multi-Band Approach.
37  TNRoff
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
SRTs (1 time)
2016 Transient Noise Reduction in Cochlear Implant Users: a Multi-Band Approach.
38  TNRsgl
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
SRTs (1 time)
2016 Transient Noise Reduction in Cochlear Implant Users: a Multi-Band Approach.
39  Top-k Non-Redundant
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ARM (1 time)
NSRR (1 time)
QARM (1 time)
2018 Query-constraint-based mining of association rules for exploratory analysis of clinical datasets in the National Sleep Research Resource.
40  Total Knee Replacement
(1 time)
Orthopedic Nursing
(1 time)
HSS (1 time)
LEFS (1 time)
2018 Does intervention improve the outcomes of patients after total knee replacement surgery?
41  total nasal respiratory resistance
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 1985 The effect of adenoidectomy on nasal resistance to airflow.
42  total nodal radiation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
CT (1 time)
HD (1 time)
1984 Large mediastinal mass in Hodgkin's disease. Results of two treatment modalities.
43  total nodal radiotherapy
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1992 [The role of radiotherapy in the early stages of Hodgkin's disease].
44  total nodal RT alone
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ANLL (1 time)
CT (1 time)
IF (1 time)
1983 Occurrence of acute nonlymphocytic leukemia in a prospective randomized study of treatment for Hodgkin's disease.
45  total nonelastic resistance
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
ELT (1 time)
PVD (1 time)
2007 [Mechanical properties of the lungs in bronchial asthma].
46  total nonunion risk
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Nonunion Risk Assessment in Foot and Ankle Surgery: Proposing a Predictive Risk Assessment Model.
47  total number of repeats
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CNV (1 time)
OR (1 time)
TNN (1 time)
2009 Genomic drift and evolution of microsatellite DNAs in human populations.
48  total number of the DHP receptors
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
LVH (1 time)
m-Nif (1 time)
NIF (1 time)
1996 [Effects of m-Nif and Nif on left ventricle hypertrophy in rats induced by partial ligation of abdominal aorta].
49  tourniquet not released
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
TA (1 time)
TR (1 time)
2018 Using intra-articular tranexamic acid in total knee replacement surgery with and without bleeding control: a prospective randomized double blind study.
50  traditional neuromotor rehabilitation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
F-M UE (1 time)
FIM (1 time)
RFVE (1 time)
2011 The effectiveness of reinforced feedback in virtual environment in the first 12 months after stroke.
51  traditional normal range
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
ASNRs (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
1995 Evaluation of age-specific normal ranges for prostate-specific antigen.
52  traditional nutritional rehabilitation
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CBT (1 time)
PNR (1 time)
1999 Empowerment of women with purging-type bulimia nervosa through nutritional rehabilitation.
53  trained nonrunning
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
FLI (1 time)
TR (1 time)
2001 Location and distribution of Fos protein expression in rat hippocampus following acute moderate aerobic exercise.
54  transient noise reduction algorithm
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
CNR (1 time)
2018 Effects of a transient noise reduction algorithm on speech intelligibility in noise, noise tolerance and perceived annoyance in cochlear implant users.
55  trap neuter and release
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BCPs (1 time)
CCCs (1 time)
2012 Opinions from the front lines of cat colony management conflict.
56  trap-neuter-return programs for community cats
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
FCP (1 time)
FCV (1 time)
FHV (1 time)
2014 Prevalence of upper respiratory pathogens in four management models for unowned cats in the Southeast United States.
57  treatment nonresponsive
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
TI (1 time)
2004 Differential effectiveness of clozapine for patients nonresponsive to or intolerant of first generation antipsychotic medications.
58  true negative
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CEA (1 time)
MRA (1 time)
TPR (1 time)
2012 [Informative value of various methods of radiodiagnosis of anastomotic pseudoaneurysms after reconstructive operations on lower-limb major arteries].
59  true nitrogen retention
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
MSP (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
2007 Energy metabolisability and digestibility of amino acids by broilers fed on malted sorghum sprouts supplemented with polyethylene glycol, charcoal, phytase and xylanase.
60  true non-responders
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HBV (1 time)
SR (1 time)
TDT (1 time)
2001 Family study of non-responsiveness to hepatitis B vaccine confirms the importance of HLA class III C4A locus.
61  Tumor uptake normalized by liver uptake
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
PET (1 time)
RFS (1 time)
2018 11C-acetate and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography dual imaging for the prediction of response and prognosis after transarterial chemoembolization.
62  tumor-normal signal intensity ratio
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DW-MRI (1 time)
LCS (1 time)
2014 High b value (2,000 s/mm2) diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in prostate cancer at 3 Tesla: comparison with 1,000 s/mm2 for tumor conspicuity and discrimination of aggressiveness.
63  tumor-to-normal background ratio
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
BSGI (1 time)
COV (1 time)
DCIS (1 time)
2018 Predictive significance of breast-specific gamma imaging for upstaging core-needle biopsy-detected ductal carcinoma in situ to invasive cancer.
64  tumor-to-normal cerebellum ratio
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
FMISO (1 time)
PET (1 time)
2016 (18)F-fluoromisonidazole positron emission tomography can predict pathological necrosis of brain tumors.
65  Tumor-to-normal count density ratio of the cortex
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
DW (1 time)
Met (1 time)
2014 Correlation of 11C-methionine PET and diffusion-weighted MRI: is there a complementary diagnostic role for gliomas?
66  tumor-to-normal region ratio
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
EOR (1 time)
FDG (1 time)
FMISO (1 time)
2017 Hypoxic glucose metabolism in glioblastoma as a potential prognostic factor.
67  tumor-to-normal uptake ratio of the cortex
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
FDG (1 time)
Met (1 time)
MGMT (1 time)
2015 ⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose and C-methionine positron emission tomography in relation to methyl-guanine methyltransferase promoter methylation in high-grade gliomas.
68  tumor-to-normal wall enhancement ratio
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Extent of arterial tumor enhancement measured with preoperative MDCT gastrography is a prognostic factor in advanced gastric cancer after curative resection.
69  tumor:nuchal muscle ratios
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MDR (1 time)
p.i (1 time)
SCC (1 time)
1998 Is early sestamibi imaging in head and neck cancer affected by MDR status, p53 expression, or cell proliferation?
70  tumour and normal liver tissue was calculated
(1 time)
SIRT (1 time)
2005 Relationship of 99mtechnetium labelled macroaggregated albumin (99mTc-MAA) uptake by colorectal liver metastases to response following Selective Internal Radiation Therapy (SIRT).
71  tumour to normal flow ratio
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
1997 Effect of continuous regional vasoactive agent infusion on liver metastasis blood flow.
72  tumour-to-non-tumour activity ratio
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
SUV (1 time)
2019 The beta- radio-guided surgery: Method to estimate the minimum injectable activity from ex-vivo test.
73  turbulent noise ratio
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
IttI (1 time)
PARCOR (1 time)
1994 The turbulent noise ratio: an estimation of noise power of the breathy voice using PARCOR analysis.