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Abbreviation: TOA
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Long forms: 68

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
tubo-ovarian abscess
(96 times)
Gynecology
(45 times)
PID (32 times)
CRP (7 times)
CT (5 times)
1980 Contraceptive practice and tuboovarian abscess.
trioctylamine
(42 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(10 times)
TBP (4 times)
TOPO (3 times)
AMS (2 times)
1971 Extraction with long-chain amines-IV Separation and colorimetric determination of gold.
time of arrival
(41 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(13 times)
NLOS (5 times)
UWB (4 times)
AOA (3 times)
1997 NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester modifies the input function measured by dynamic susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging.
top of the atmosphere
(26 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
AOD (5 times)
BC (5 times)
SSA (5 times)
1994 Radiance reflected from the ocean-atmosphere system: synthesis from individual components of the aerosol size distribution.
top-of-atmosphere
(25 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
AE (2 times)
BOA (2 times)
DARF (2 times)
2002 Evidence for large decadal variability in the tropical mean radiative energy budget.
transobturator adjustable tape
(10 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
SUI (4 times)
ISD (2 times)
TOT (2 times)
2009 Transobturator adjustable tape (TOA) permits to correct postoperatively the tension applied in stress incontinence surgery.
thermo-optical analysis
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
EC (2 times)
OC (2 times)
PCS (2 times)
2004 Cloud-point temperatures of lysozyme in electrolyte solutions by thermooptical analysis technique.
tetraoctylammonium
(7 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
DDA (1 time)
DMSA (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2003 One-pot preparation of subnanometer-sized gold clusters via reduction and stabilization by meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid.
total oxidant activity
(7 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
TAC (5 times)
MDA (3 times)
OSI (3 times)
2000 [Activity of intracellular antioxidant enzymes in hypertensive patients].
10  transoral approach
(6 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
EEA (2 times)
GTR (1 time)
LSMA (1 time)
2008 The anatomic study on replacement of artificial atlanto-odontoid joint through transoral approach.
11  onset of action
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
AV (1 time)
BPO (1 time)
MTX (1 time)
1999 Rocuronium administration in children during isoflurane anesthesia: neuromuscular effects.
12  time of addition
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
GQD (1 time)
HAART (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
2013 An automated time-of-drug-addition assay to routinely determine the mode of action of HIV-1 inhibitors.
13  toe out angle
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EPT (3 times)
SFI (3 times)
MNCV (1 time)
2003 Toe out angle: a functional index for the evaluation of sciatic nerve recovery in the rat model.
14  torticollis overall assessment
(3 times)
Exercise
(3 times)
CMT (3 times)
HT (3 times)
DTSM (2 times)
2015 Outcomes of asymmetry in infants with congenital muscular torticollis.
15  Taguchi orthogonal array
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
MH (1 time)
2013 Formulation, characterization and pharmacokinetics of Morin hydrate niosomes prepared from various non-ionic surfactants.
16  Taiwan Osteoporosis Association
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AFOS (1 time)
AP (1 time)
APOF (1 time)
2015 Development and Validation of an Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Taiwan (OSTAi) Postmenopausal Women-A Sub-Study of the Taiwan OsteoPorosis Survey (TOPS).
17  target onset asynchrony
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
AB (2 times)
2005 Timing attention: cuing target onset interval attenuates the attentional blink.
18  task-oriented assessment
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
BaFPE (2 times)
ABS (1 time)
WAIS (1 time)
1987 Validating a test of functional performance with psychiatric patients.
19  therapeutic opioid addiction
(2 times)
Pain
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CNCP (1 time)
CPRP (1 time)
2013 Opioid use 12 months following interdisciplinary pain rehabilitation with weaning.
20  tibial obliquity angle
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
KFA (2 times)
LL (2 times)
PI (2 times)
2017 Analysis of compensatory mechanisms in the pelvis and lower extremities in patients with pelvic incidence and lumbar lordosis mismatch.
21  time of administration
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
CSOI (1 time)
DLMO (1 time)
FLACC (1 time)
2010 Dose finding of melatonin for chronic idiopathic childhood sleep onset insomnia: an RCT.
22  top-of-atmosphere reflectance
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ASTER (1 time)
CORINE (1 time)
DN (1 time)
2008 [Estimation models of vegetation fractional coverage (VFC) based on remote sensing image at different radiometric correction levels].
23  total ocular astigmatism
(2 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
ACA (2 times)
IA (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
2017 Polar Value Analysis of Low to Moderate Astigmatism with Wavefront-Guided Sub-Bowman Keratomileusis.
24  total organic acids
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
CRD (1 time)
DGGE (1 time)
HRT (1 time)
2005 Conversion of food waste into hydrogen by thermophilic acidogenesis.
25  total ovarian activity
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BC (2 times)
BCS (2 times)
LW (2 times)
2013 Short-term beta-carotene-supplementation positively affects ovarian activity and serum insulin concentrations in a goat model.
26  transfer of accountability
(2 times)
Hospital Administration
(1 time)
HHS (1 time)
2006 Transfer of accountability: transforming shift handover to enhance patient safety.
27  4,7,10-trioxa-1,13-tridecanediamine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DMF (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
PBI (1 time)
2016 Can the Excited State Energy of a Pyrenyl Unit Be Directly Transferred to a Perylene Bisimide Moiety?
28  ligustrazine-oleanolic acid
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Amino acid derivatives of ligustrazine-oleanolic acid as new cytotoxic agents.
29  mixture of a
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
RS-H (1 time)
2011 Critical role of water and the structure of inverse micelles in the Brust-Schiffrin synthesis of metal nanoparticles.
30  onset of analgesia
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
TNA (1 time)
1992 Epidural diamorphine for post-caesarean pain: a dose response study.
31  Taguchi OA
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2014 Simultaneous optimization of nanocrystalline SnO2 thin film deposition using multiple linear regressions.
32  tapering off alone
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ICERs (1 time)
2006 Tapering off benzodiazepines in long-term users: an economic evaluation.
33  target organ assay
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
--- 1997 Evaluation of the echinocandin antifungal MK-0991 (L-743,872): efficacies in mouse models of disseminated aspergillosis, candidiasis, and cryptococcosis.
34  technology options analysis
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ISOA (1 time)
ISP (1 time)
IST (1 time)
2000 Encouraging inherently safer production in European firms: a report from the field.
35  tetracyclic oxindole alkaloids
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
OAPFs (1 time)
POA (1 time)
SI (1 time)
2016 Genotoxicity and cytotoxicity of oxindole alkaloids from Uncaria tomentosa (cat's claw): Chemotype relevance.
36  tetrafluoroborate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
POD (1 time)
QAS (1 time)
2016 Quaternary ammonium salts with tetrafluoroborate anion: Phytotoxicity and oxidative stress in terrestrial plants.
37  tetraoctylammonium dodecylbenzene sulfonate
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DBC (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
DOP (1 time)
2012 Halogen-free ionic liquid as an additive in zinc(II)-selective electrode: surface analyses as correlated to the membrane activity.
38  thalamic orosensory area
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
PBN (1 time)
2012 Pontine and thalamic influences on fluid rewards: I. Operant responding for sucrose and corn oil.
39  theory of action
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CCN (1 time)
2003 Using theories of action to guide national program evaluation and local strategy in the community care network demonstration.
40  theory of aging
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CLS (1 time)
RLS (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2012 The role of mitochondria in the aging processes of yeast.
41  Thermal oxidative additions
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1996 Square Planar (SP-4) and Octahedral (OC-6) Complexes of Platinum(II) and -(IV) with Predetermined Chirality at the Metal Center.
42  thermal/optical carbon analyzer
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AMS (1 time)
EC (1 time)
OC (1 time)
2018 Feasibility of coupling a thermal/optical carbon analyzer to a quadrupole mass spectrometer for enhanced PM2.5 speciation.
43  Thermo-optical absorbance
(1 time)
Technology
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
1996 Investigation of a pulsed-laser thermo-optical absorbance detector for the determination of food preservatives separated by capillary electrophoresis.
44  through a tri-ndashoctylamine
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 1997 Separation study of cadmium through an emulsion liquid membrane.
45  time of day of anthesis
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CO2 (1 time)
2016 Implications of High Temperature and Elevated CO2 on Flowering Time in Plants.
46  time-resolved optical anisotropy
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ST-EPR (1 time)
2001 Flexibility of the cytoplasmic domain of the anion exchange protein, band 3, in human erythrocytes.
47  tip-on-aperture
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
SNOM (1 time)
2008 Resolution enhancing using cantilevered tip-on-aperture silicon probe in scanning near-field optical microscopy.
48  tissue oxalate accretion rate
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DTPA (1 time)
ECF (1 time)
NRCOx (1 time)
1984 Oxalate dynamics and removal rates during haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis in patients with primary hyperoxaluria and severe renal failure.
49  titanium-oxo-alkoxy
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ZOA (1 time)
2015 Nucleation and growth kinetics of zirconium-oxo-alkoxy nanoparticles.
50  TOA group
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
PID (1 time)
2016 Comparative study of the clinical features of patients with a tubo-ovarian abscess and patients with severe pelvic inflammatory disease.
51  Tocopherol oxyacetate
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EFS (1 time)
2018 Enhanced Intratumoral Delivery of SN38 as a Tocopherol Oxyacetate Prodrug Using Nanoparticles in a Neuroblastoma Xenograft Model.
52  Top of Atmospheric
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
AGB (1 time)
DN (1 time)
DOS (1 time)
2015 Optimal Atmospheric Correction for Above-Ground Forest Biomass Estimation with the ETM+ Remote Sensor.
53  topotactic-oriented attachment
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2017 300% Enhancement of Carrier Mobility in Uniaxial-Oriented Perovskite Films Formed by Topotactic-Oriented Attachment.
54  total capacity of antioxidants
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
MDA (1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
TURP (1 time)
2010 The difference in oxidative stress of the blood between using 5% glucose water and distilled water as the irrigant for BPH patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate.
55  total orbit coronal area
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2012 Graves' orbitopathy: extraocular muscle/total orbit area ratio is positively related to the Clinical Activity Score.
56  total organic acid
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DOM (1 time)
LMWOAs (1 time)
2013 Investigation of low-molecular weight organic acids and their spatiotemporal variation characteristics in Hongfeng Lake, China.
57  total organic aerosol
(1 time)
NPF (1 time)
OA (1 time)
OC (1 time)
2017 Improving organic aerosol treatments in CESM/CAM5: Development, application, and evaluation.
58  total osteitis activity
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
ASI (1 time)
axSpA (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2014 [Etoricoxib in the treatment of active sacroiliitis in patients with axial spondyloarthritis, including ankylosing spondylitis].
59  toxin A
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
CP (1 time)
GNPs (1 time)
2014 Aptamer biosensor for sensitive detection of toxin A of Clostridium difficile using gold nanoparticles synthesized by Bacillus stearothermophilus.
60  Tradeoff Analysis
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2004 Trade-off analysis in the Northern Andes to study the dynamics in agricultural land use.
61  transobturator tape
(1 time)
fSUI (1 time)
TOT (1 time)
2015 Adjustable vs. ordinary transobturator tape for female stress incontinence. Is there a difference?
62  transorally-inserted anvil
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EJ (1 time)
LTG (1 time)
OTGs (1 time)
2014 Safety of transorally-inserted anvil for esophagojejunostomy in laparoscopic total gastrectomy.
63  Transposition osteotomy of the acetabulum
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2009 Transposition osteotomy of the acetabulum for advanced-stage osteoarthritis of the hips.
64  Treatment beliefs in knee and hip OsteoArthritis
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
OA (1 time)
2017 Development of the "Treatment beliefs in knee and hip OsteoArthritis (TOA)" questionnaire.
65  tricuspid valve orifice area
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Real-time and simultaneous measurement of tricuspid orifice and tricuspid anulus areas in anesthetized dogs.
66  trigeminal orosensory area
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2012 Bilateral lesions of the thalamic trigeminal orosensory area dissociate natural from drug reward in contrast paradigms.
67  tseruloplasmin oxidase activity
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
EEH (1 time)
HBO (1 time)
TPA (1 time)
1991 [Biochemical indicators of oxygen poisoning].
68  tung oil anhydride
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2013 The properties of poly(lactic acid)/starch blends with a functionalized plant oil: tung oil anhydride.