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Abbreviation: TOA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
tubo-ovarian abscess
(135 times)
Gynecology
(64 times)
PID (44 times)
CRP (14 times)
CT (9 times)
1980 Contraceptive practice and tuboovarian abscess.
time of arrival
(74 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(33 times)
NLOS (11 times)
RSS (8 times)
UWB (7 times)
1997 NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester modifies the input function measured by dynamic susceptibility contrast magnetic resonance imaging.
top-of-atmosphere
(55 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
MODIS (8 times)
BOA (5 times)
AOD (4 times)
2002 Evidence for large decadal variability in the tropical mean radiative energy budget.
trioctylamine
(48 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(12 times)
TBP (4 times)
NCA (3 times)
TOPO (3 times)
1971 Extraction with long-chain amines-IV Separation and colorimetric determination of gold.
top of the atmosphere
(36 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
BC (9 times)
AOD (6 times)
SSA (5 times)
1994 Radiance reflected from the ocean-atmosphere system: synthesis from individual components of the aerosol size distribution.
transoral approach
(18 times)
Neurosurgery
(8 times)
EEA (8 times)
CVJ (4 times)
BCTs (1 time)
2008 The anatomic study on replacement of artificial atlanto-odontoid joint through transoral approach.
thermo-optical analysis
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
EC (4 times)
OC (4 times)
PCS (2 times)
2004 Cloud-point temperatures of lysozyme in electrolyte solutions by thermooptical analysis technique.
transobturator adjustable tape
(10 times)
Urologic Diseases
(3 times)
SUI (4 times)
ISD (2 times)
TOT (2 times)
2009 Transobturator adjustable tape (TOA) permits to correct postoperatively the tension applied in stress incontinence surgery.
tetraoctylammonium
(8 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
C-HO (2 times)
TBA (2 times)
DDA (1 time)
2003 One-pot preparation of subnanometer-sized gold clusters via reduction and stabilization by meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid.
10  total oxidant activity
(8 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
TAC (6 times)
MDA (4 times)
OSI (3 times)
2000 [Activity of intracellular antioxidant enzymes in hypertensive patients].
11  Taguchi orthogonal array
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ANN (2 times)
GA (2 times)
3HB (1 time)
2013 Formulation, characterization and pharmacokinetics of Morin hydrate niosomes prepared from various non-ionic surfactants.
12  Taiwanese Osteoporosis Association
(5 times)
Osteoporosis
(3 times)
BMD (3 times)
AP (2 times)
DXA (2 times)
2015 Development and Validation of an Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Taiwan (OSTAi) Postmenopausal Women-A Sub-Study of the Taiwan OsteoPorosis Survey (TOPS).
13  time-of-addition
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
COVID-19 (1 time)
GQD (1 time)
HAART (1 time)
2013 An automated time-of-drug-addition assay to routinely determine the mode of action of HIV-1 inhibitors.
14  onset of action
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
AV (1 time)
BPO (1 time)
MTX (1 time)
1999 Rocuronium administration in children during isoflurane anesthesia: neuromuscular effects.
15  toe out angle
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EPT (3 times)
SFI (3 times)
MNCV (1 time)
2003 Toe out angle: a functional index for the evaluation of sciatic nerve recovery in the rat model.
16  tolerance of ambiguity
(3 times)
Education
(2 times)
BTPS-SF (1 time)
pre (1 time)
TAMSAD (1 time)
2020 The erosion of ambiguity tolerance and sustainment of perfectionism in undergraduate medical training: results from multiple samplings of a single cohort.
17  torticollis overall assessment
(3 times)
Exercise
(3 times)
CMT (3 times)
HT (3 times)
DTSM (2 times)
2015 Outcomes of asymmetry in infants with congenital muscular torticollis.
18  transfer of accountability
(3 times)
Hospital Administration
(1 time)
ADR (1 time)
HHS (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2006 Transfer of accountability: transforming shift handover to enhance patient safety.
19  target onset asynchrony
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
AB (2 times)
2005 Timing attention: cuing target onset interval attenuates the attentional blink.
20  task-oriented assessment
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
BaFPE (2 times)
ABS (1 time)
WAIS (1 time)
1987 Validating a test of functional performance with psychiatric patients.
21  Teamwork Optimization Algorithm
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
CMBO (1 time)
GA (1 time)
GSA (1 time)
2021 Teamwork Optimization Algorithm: A New Optimization Approach for Function Minimization/Maximization.
22  therapeutic opioid addiction
(2 times)
Pain
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CNCP (1 time)
CPRP (1 time)
2013 Opioid use 12 months following interdisciplinary pain rehabilitation with weaning.
23  tibial obliquity angle
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
KFA (2 times)
LL (2 times)
PI (2 times)
2017 Analysis of compensatory mechanisms in the pelvis and lower extremities in patients with pelvic incidence and lumbar lordosis mismatch.
24  time of administration
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
CSOI (1 time)
DLMO (1 time)
FLACC (1 time)
2010 Dose finding of melatonin for chronic idiopathic childhood sleep onset insomnia: an RCT.
25  top-of-atmosphere reflectance
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ASTER (1 time)
CORINE (1 time)
DN (1 time)
2008 [Estimation models of vegetation fractional coverage (VFC) based on remote sensing image at different radiometric correction levels].
26  total ocular astigmatism
(2 times)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
ACA (2 times)
IA (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
2017 Polar Value Analysis of Low to Moderate Astigmatism with Wavefront-Guided Sub-Bowman Keratomileusis.
27  total organic acids
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CRD (1 time)
DGGE (1 time)
HRT (1 time)
2005 Conversion of food waste into hydrogen by thermophilic acidogenesis.
28  total ovarian activity
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BC (2 times)
BCS (2 times)
LW (2 times)
2012 Short-term beta-carotene-supplementation positively affects ovarian activity and serum insulin concentrations in a goat model.
29  transpositional osteotomy of the acetabulum
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
OHS (2 times)
CI (1 time)
FJS-12 (1 time)
2009 Transposition osteotomy of the acetabulum for advanced-stage osteoarthritis of the hips.
30  4,7,10-trioxa-1,13-tridecanediamine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DMF (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
PBI (1 time)
2016 Can the Excited State Energy of a Pyrenyl Unit Be Directly Transferred to a Perylene Bisimide Moiety?
31  ligustrazine-oleanolic acid
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Amino acid derivatives of ligustrazine-oleanolic acid as new cytotoxic agents.
32  mixture of a
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
RS-H (1 time)
2011 Critical role of water and the structure of inverse micelles in the Brust-Schiffrin synthesis of metal nanoparticles.
33  onset of analgesia
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
TNA (1 time)
1992 Epidural diamorphine for post-caesarean pain: a dose response study.
34  post-treatment outcomes between transoral
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
EEA (1 time)
2022 The Impact of C1 Anterior Arch Preservation on Spine Stability after Odontoidectomy: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
35  T O annealing
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CMOS (1 time)
FE (1 time)
HZO (1 time)
2021 Visualizing Ferroelectric Uniformity of Hf1-xZrxO2 Films Using X-ray Mapping.
36  Taguchi OA
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2014 Simultaneous optimization of nanocrystalline SnO2 thin film deposition using multiple linear regressions.
37  take-off
(1 time)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
APHV (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
PHV (1 time)
2022 Association between height growth patterns in puberty and stature in late adolescence: A longitudinal analysis in chinese children and adolescents from 2006 to 2016.
38  tapering off alone
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ICERs (1 time)
2006 Tapering off benzodiazepines in long-term users: an economic evaluation.
39  target organ assay
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
--- 1997 Evaluation of the echinocandin antifungal MK-0991 (L-743,872): efficacies in mouse models of disseminated aspergillosis, candidiasis, and cryptococcosis.
40  task-oriented approach
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BBT (1 time)
2019 Biomechanical Evaluation of Three-Dimensional Printed Dynamic Hand Device for Patients With Chronic Stroke.
41  Taxonomy-oriented annotation
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2020 TOA: A software package for automated functional annotation in non-model plant species.
42  technology options analysis
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ISOA (1 time)
ISP (1 time)
IST (1 time)
2000 Encouraging inherently safer production in European firms: a report from the field.
43  tetracyclic oxindole alkaloids
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
OAPFs (1 time)
POA (1 time)
SI (1 time)
2016 Genotoxicity and cytotoxicity of oxindole alkaloids from Uncaria tomentosa (cat's claw): Chemotype relevance.
44  tetrafluoroborate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
POD (1 time)
QAS (1 time)
2015 Quaternary ammonium salts with tetrafluoroborate anion: Phytotoxicity and oxidative stress in terrestrial plants.
45  tetraoctylammonium dodecylbenzene sulfonate
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
DBC (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
DOP (1 time)
2012 Halogen-free ionic liquid as an additive in zinc(II)-selective electrode: surface analyses as correlated to the membrane activity.
46  Texas Orthopaedic Association
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
RJOS (1 time)
2020 Which Subspecialties Do Female Orthopaedic Surgeons Choose and Why?: Identifying the Role of Mentorship and Additional Factors in Subspecialty Choice.
47  thalamic orosensory area
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
PBN (1 time)
2011 Pontine and thalamic influences on fluid rewards: I. Operant responding for sucrose and corn oil.
48  theory of action
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CCN (1 time)
2003 Using theories of action to guide national program evaluation and local strategy in the community care network demonstration.
49  theory of aging
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CLS (1 time)
RLS (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2011 The role of mitochondria in the aging processes of yeast.
50  Thermal oxidative additions
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1996 Square Planar (SP-4) and Octahedral (OC-6) Complexes of Platinum(II) and -(IV) with Predetermined Chirality at the Metal Center.
51  thermal-oxidative analysis
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
PM (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2019 Quantification of elemental and total carbon in combustion particulate matter using thermal-oxidative analysis.
52  thermal/optical carbon analyzer
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AMS (1 time)
EC (1 time)
OC (1 time)
2017 Feasibility of coupling a thermal/optical carbon analyzer to a quadrupole mass spectrometer for enhanced PM2.5 speciation.
53  Thermo-optical absorbance
(1 time)
Technology
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
1996 Investigation of a pulsed-laser thermo-optical absorbance detector for the determination of food preservatives separated by capillary electrophoresis.
54  threats of arrival
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
LAD (1 time)
2021 A general trait-based modelling framework for revealing patterns of airborne fungal dispersal threats to agriculture and native flora.
55  through a tri-ndashoctylamine
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 1997 Separation study of cadmium through an emulsion liquid membrane.
56  time of aspiration
(1 time)
GS (1 time)
LE (1 time)
2022 Urine Dipstick Leukocyte Esterase in the Rapid Diagnosis of Septic Arthritis.
57  time of day of anthesis
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CO2 (1 time)
2016 Implications of High Temperature and Elevated CO2 on Flowering Time in Plants.
58  time-optimal adaptation
(1 time)
Biological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2022 Time-Optimal Adaptation in Metabolic Network Models.
59  time-resolved optical anisotropy
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ST-EPR (1 time)
2001 Flexibility of the cytoplasmic domain of the anion exchange protein, band 3, in human erythrocytes.
60  tip-on-aperture
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
SNOM (1 time)
2008 Resolution enhancing using cantilevered tip-on-aperture silicon probe in scanning near-field optical microscopy.
61  tissue oxalate accretion rate
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DTPA (1 time)
ECF (1 time)
NRCOx (1 time)
1984 Oxalate dynamics and removal rates during haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis in patients with primary hyperoxaluria and severe renal failure.
62  tissue-of-action
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
T2D (1 time)
2020 A Multi-omic Integrative Scheme Characterizes Tissues of Action at Loci Associated with Type 2 Diabetes.
63  titanium-oxo-alkoxy
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ZOA (1 time)
2014 Nucleation and growth kinetics of zirconium-oxo-alkoxy nanoparticles.
64  TOA group
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
PID (1 time)
2015 Comparative study of the clinical features of patients with a tubo-ovarian abscess and patients with severe pelvic inflammatory disease.
65  Tocopherol oxyacetate
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EFS (1 time)
2018 Enhanced Intratumoral Delivery of SN38 as a Tocopherol Oxyacetate Prodrug Using Nanoparticles in a Neuroblastoma Xenograft Model.
66  Top of Atmospheric
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
AGB (1 time)
DN (1 time)
DOS (1 time)
2015 Optimal Atmospheric Correction for Above-Ground Forest Biomass Estimation with the ETM+ Remote Sensor.
67  top of the atmospheric column
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ABL (1 time)
AOD (1 time)
ARF (1 time)
2019 The formation mechanism of air pollution episodes in Beijing city: Insights into the measured feedback between aerosol radiative forcing and the atmospheric boundary layer stability.
68  topotactic-oriented attachment
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2017 300% Enhancement of Carrier Mobility in Uniaxial-Oriented Perovskite Films Formed by Topotactic-Oriented Attachment.
69  total arousal time
(1 time)
Sleep Disorders
(1 time)
AAT (1 time)
DSWPD (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
2022 The Clinical Effect of Blue Light Therapy on Patients with Delayed Sleep-Wake Phase Disorder.
70  total capacity of antioxidants
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
MDA (1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
TURP (1 time)
2009 The difference in oxidative stress of the blood between using 5% glucose water and distilled water as the irrigant for BPH patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate.
71  total duration of operations including anesthesia
(1 time)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
iHISS (1 time)
IPP (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2018 Quality of life and reconstructive surgery efforts in severe hand injuries.
72  total occupational activity
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
LTPA (1 time)
OE (1 time)
2021 Occupational physical activity and cardiovascular disease in the United States.
73  total orbit area
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2020 Preliminary evidence of the association between DNAm and orbital volumetry in GO.
74  total orbit coronal area
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2011 Graves' orbitopathy: extraocular muscle/total orbit area ratio is positively related to the Clinical Activity Score.
75  total organic acid
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DOM (1 time)
LMWOAs (1 time)
2013 Investigation of low-molecular weight organic acids and their spatiotemporal variation characteristics in Hongfeng Lake, China.
76  total organic aerosol
(1 time)
NPF (1 time)
OA (1 time)
OC (1 time)
2017 Improving organic aerosol treatments in CESM/CAM5: Development, application, and evaluation.
77  total osteitis activity
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
ASI (1 time)
axSpA (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2014 [Etoricoxib in the treatment of active sacroiliitis in patients with axial spondyloarthritis, including ankylosing spondylitis].
78  toxin A
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
CP (1 time)
GNPs (1 time)
2013 Aptamer biosensor for sensitive detection of toxin A of Clostridium difficile using gold nanoparticles synthesized by Bacillus stearothermophilus.
79  Tradeoff Analysis
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2004 Trade-off analysis in the Northern Andes to study the dynamics in agricultural land use.
80  Transcription origin analysis
(1 time)
CTRA (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
SDNN (1 time)
2021 Tone it down: Vagal nerve activity is associated with pro-inflammatory and anti-viral factors in breast cancer - An exploratory study.
81  transobturator tape
(1 time)
FSUI (1 time)
TOT (1 time)
2015 Adjustable vs. ordinary transobturator tape for female stress incontinence. Is there a difference?
82  transorally-inserted anvil
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EJ (1 time)
LTG (1 time)
OTGs (1 time)
2014 Safety of transorally-inserted anvil for esophagojejunostomy in laparoscopic total gastrectomy.
83  traumatic osteoarthritis
(1 time)
AOFAS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DTAS (1 time)
2021 Pathoanatomy and clinical outcomes following operative treatment of supination adduction type II medial malleolus fractures-a cohort study.
84  Treatment beliefs in knee and hip OsteoArthritis
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
OA (1 time)
2017 Development of the "Treatment beliefs in knee and hip OsteoArthritis (TOA)" questionnaire.
85  tricuspid valve orifice area
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Real-time and simultaneous measurement of tricuspid orifice and tricuspid anulus areas in anesthetized dogs.
86  trigeminal orosensory area
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2012 Bilateral lesions of the thalamic trigeminal orosensory area dissociate natural from drug reward in contrast paradigms.
87  tseruloplasmin oxidase activity
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
EEH (1 time)
HBO (1 time)
TPA (1 time)
1991 [Biochemical indicators of oxygen poisoning].
88  tung oil anhydride
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2013 The properties of poly(lactic acid)/starch blends with a functionalized plant oil: tung oil anhydride.