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Abbreviation: TOP
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
termination of pregnancy
(401 times)
Obstetrics
(198 times)
CI (14 times)
PND (14 times)
MRI (10 times)
1985 Effects of mid-trimester induced abortion on the subsequent pregnancy.
trioctylphosphine
(69 times)
Chemistry
(29 times)
TOPO (13 times)
PL (8 times)
HDA (7 times)
1982 Toxicity of several phosphoric acid esters in rats.
terminal oligopyrimidine
(49 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
LARP1 (8 times)
mTOR (8 times)
mTORC1 (7 times)
1997 Translational control of terminal oligopyrimidine mRNAs requires a specific regulator.
thimet oligopeptidase
(35 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
APP (2 times)
BH (2 times)
FRET (2 times)
1995 Rat thimet oligopeptidase: large-scale expression in Escherichia coli and characterization of the recombinant enzyme.
topoisomerase
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
CPT (4 times)
ACT (1 time)
DLBCL (1 time)
2000 Molecular determinants of site-specific inhibition of human DNA topoisomerase I by fagaronine and ethoxidine. Relation to DNA binding.
tendency-oriented perimetry
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
MD (6 times)
LV (5 times)
FDT (4 times)
1998 [Rapid Tendency Oriented Perimeter (TOP) with the Octopus visual field analyzer].
Trauma Outcome Profile
(18 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
BDI (2 times)
EuroQol (2 times)
IES-R (2 times)
1997 Outcomes of inpatients treated on a VA psychiatric unit and a substance abuse treatment unit.
topiramate
(14 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AEDs (4 times)
LTG (2 times)
OXC (2 times)
1998 Topiramate increases cerebral GABA in healthy humans.
Thematically Organized Psychosis
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(10 times)
PANSS (5 times)
BD (2 times)
FEP (2 times)
2008 Assessing apathy: the use of the Apathy Evaluation Scale in first episode psychosis.
10  topotecan
(10 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
PAC (5 times)
CIS (4 times)
DOX (3 times)
2001 A phase I-II trial of topotecan and gemcitabine in patients with previously treated, advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LOA-3).
11  Tysabri Observational Program
(10 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
EDSS (3 times)
RRMS (3 times)
IFN-beta (2 times)
2013 Clinical effects of natalizumab on multiple sclerosis appear early in treatment course.
12  total oxidizable precursor
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
PFASs (5 times)
PFAAs (3 times)
PFOS (3 times)
2017 Closing the Mass Balance on Fluorine on Papers and Textiles.
13  two-dimensional one-pulse
(7 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
MAS (2 times)
PASS (2 times)
CPMG (1 time)
1992 Presentation of sideband envelopes by two-dimensional one-pulse (TOP) spectroscopy.
14  take-off potential
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AP (4 times)
APD (2 times)
beta-AR (1 time)
1978 The relationship of excitability to conduction velocity in canine Purkinje tissue.
15  two-order parameter
(6 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
PALS (5 times)
BDS (4 times)
o-Ps (3 times)
2010 Dielectric relaxation and crystallization kinetics of ibuprofen at ambient and elevated pressure.
16  Tianliao Old People
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
MetS (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
2012 Smoking, habitual tea drinking and metabolic syndrome in elderly men living in rural community: the Tianliao old people (TOP) study 02.
17  time of peak
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
GFR (2 times)
MSI (2 times)
TAC (2 times)
1999 Effect of partial ureteral obstruction on results of renal scintigraphy in dogs.
18  Teen Outreach Program
(4 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2007 Psychosocial issues of the adolescent cancer patient and the development of the Teenage Outreach Program (TOP).
19  tobacco peroxidase
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
HRPC (1 time)
MIP (1 time)
1998 Identification of skatolyl hydroperoxide and its role in the peroxidase-catalysed oxidation of indol-3-yl acetic acid.
20  total organic phosphorus
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
LOP (2 times)
MLOP (2 times)
TP (2 times)
2006 Organic phosphorus fractions in organically amended paddy soils in continuously and intermittently flooded conditions.
21  tandem oxidation process
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2004 Tandem oxidation processes for the preparation of functionalized cyclopropanes.
22  Targeting Outcomes of Programs
(3 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
--- 1999 Developing an evaluation plan for school health programs in Nebraska.
23  thermophilic oxic process
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
Sw (1 time)
YE (1 time)
2001 Improvement of treatment efficiency of thermophilic oxic process for highly concentrated lipid wastes by nutrient supplementation.
24  tincture of opium
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BAC (1 time)
BP (1 time)
M3G (1 time)
2004 Comparison of tincture of opium and methadone to control opioid withdrawal in a Thai treatment centre.
25  tobacco anionic peroxidase
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
HRP (2 times)
HRPC (1 time)
2007 Glutamic acid-141: a heme 'bodyguard' in anionic tobacco peroxidase.
26  top-down
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
ISO (3 times)
AP (1 time)
LAT (1 time)
2007 Proton and photon absorbed-dose conversion coefficients for embryo and foetus from top-down irradiation geometry.
27  topical
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
CL (1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
2014 Topical delivery of fluorescence (6-Cf) labeled and radiolabeled (99m-Tc) cisplatin and imiquimod by a dual drug delivery system.
28  3-thienylalanine-ornithine-proline
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ACE (2 times)
BP (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2009 Effect of 3-thienylalanine-ornithine-proline, new sulfur-containing angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor on blood pressure and oxidative stress in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
29  4-tert-octylphenol
(2 times)
Food Analysis
(1 time)
APs (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
HP (1 time)
1998 Cefuroxime selective electrodes for batch and FIA determinations in pharmaceutical preparations.
30  tandem orthogonal proteolysis
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
ABPP (2 times)
TEV (1 time)
TOP-ABPP (1 time)
2005 A tandem orthogonal proteolysis strategy for high-content chemical proteomics.
31  Tcf optimal promoter
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ATII (1 time)
BALF (1 time)
IPF (1 time)
2008 Transgenic reporter tools tracing endogenous canonical Wnt signaling in Xenopus.
32  Telemedicine Outreach for PTSD
(2 times)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
PTSD (2 times)
QALYs (1 time)
QWB (1 time)
2015 Telemedicine-based collaborative care for posttraumatic stress disorder: a randomized clinical trial.
33  Tendency Oriented Perimeter
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
LV (2 times)
MD (2 times)
HSF (1 time)
1998 [Rapid Tendency Oriented Perimeter (TOP) with the Octopus visual field analyzer].
34  thermo-optically powered
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2015 Uncovering dental implants using a new thermo-optically powered (TOP) technology with tissue air-cooling.
35  third order polynomial fit
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
BP (1 time)
BPth (1 time)
1994 On the approximation of static open-loop characteristics of baroreceptor reflex.
36  time-orbiting-potential
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
GT (1 time)
2000 Atomic micromotion and geometric forces in a triaxial magnetic trap
37  time-out procedure
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 2012 The Time Out Procedure: have we changed our practice?
38  Titration and Optimization
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
BOT (1 time)
FBG (1 time)
2019 Predictors of treatment response in type-2 diabetes patients initiating basal-supported oral therapy with insulin glargine 100 U/mL: A sub-analysis of the Titration and OPtimisation (TOP) registry.
39  total OP
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
OP (2 times)
DOP (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2011 Phosphorus recovery from fosfomycin pharmaceutical wastewater by wet air oxidation and phosphate crystallization.
40  total optical power
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
LASIK (1 time)
1999 Accuracy of Orbscan total optical power maps in detecting refractive change after myopic laser in situ keratomileusis.
41  total ossicular prosthesis
(2 times)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
ABG (1 time)
MLP (1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2012 Total ossiculoplasty: advantages of two-point stabilization technique.
42  Totally Optimized PCR
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
TB (2 times)
CRS (1 time)
NTM (1 time)
2016 Detection and Quantification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the Sputum of Culture-Negative HIV-infected Pulmonary Tuberculosis Suspects: A Proof-of-Concept Study.
43  tract of oligopyrimidines
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
GEAs (1 time)
QEAs (1 time)
2003 Arsenic trioxide inhibits translation of mRNA of bcr-abl, resulting in attenuation of Bcr-Abl levels and apoptosis of human leukemia cells.
44  transcutaneous osseointegrated prostheses
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
TMR (1 time)
2017 [Transcutaneous osseointegrated prosthesis (TOP) after limb amputation : Status quo and perspectives].
45  Transfer Optimized Positioning System
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BEST (1 time)
1999 Lingual orthodontics (part 1): laboratory procedure.
46  transient osteoporosis in pregnancy
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AVN (1 time)
2010 Neglected bilateral femoral neck fracture associated with pregnancy and primary hyperparathyroidism.
47  Transitional Opioid Program
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 A transitional opioid program to engage hospitalized drug users.
48  transitions and old age potential
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
HCS (1 time)
2017 [Volunteer work and potential volunteer work among 55 to 70-year-olds in Germany].
49  transparency and openness promotion
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Ecology Letters, and Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) guidelines.
50  transverse oscillatory pressure
(2 times)
CNT (1 time)
CR (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2016 Transverse oscillatory pressure in management of cervical radiculopathy: A randomised controlled study.
51  transverse outer preputial
(2 times)
Male Urogenital Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2005 The transverse outer preputial (TOP) island flap: an easy method to cover urethroplasties and skin defects in hypospadias repair.
52  Treatment of Obese Pregnant Women
(2 times)
Obesity
(1 time)
GWG (1 time)
hs-CRP (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2014 The Treatment of Obese Pregnant Women (TOP) study: a randomized controlled trial of the effect of physical activity intervention assessed by pedometer with or without dietary intervention in obese pregnant women.
53  Trial of Principle
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ER (2 times)
A-Score (1 time)
BIG (1 time)
2011 Multifactorial approach to predicting resistance to anthracyclines.
54  Triangle of Prevention
(2 times)
Occupational Health
(2 times)
GOSI (1 time)
PSM (1 time)
2006 Impact of software and hardware technologies on occupational health and safety policies in Saudi Arabian oil refineries.
55  trimester pregnancy termination
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
PHM (1 time)
1999 [Second trimester pregnancy termination with and without prostaglandins].
56  triple osteotomy of the pelvis
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
FAI (1 time)
LCPD (1 time)
2014 "Femoroacetabular impingement". Legg-Calve-Perthes disease: from childhood to adulthood.
57  2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-tetrahydroxybutyl-(D-arabo)pteridine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FMN (1 time)
1999 Photosensitization of singlet oxygen formation by pterins and flavins. Time-resolved studies of oxygen phosphorescence under laser excitation.
58  3-(3-thienyl)-l-alanyl-ornithyl-proline
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
l-NAME (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2016 Effects of a novel ACE inhibitor, 3-(3-thienyl)-l-alanyl-ornithyl-proline, on endothelial vasodilation and hepatotoxicity in l-NAME-induced hypertensive rats.
59  alpha-tocopheryl phosphate
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
TO (1 time)
TOS (1 time)
2007 Alpha-tocopheryl phosphate is a novel apoptotic agent.
60  meta-topolin
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
CKs (1 time)
FW (1 time)
2014 Cytokinin-induced changes in the chlorophyll content and fluorescence of in vitro apple leaves.
61  nickel-trioctylphosphine
(1 time)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
a-Ni2P (1 time)
c-Ni2P (1 time)
s-Ni2P (1 time)
2018 Facile Method to Prepare for the Ni2P Nanostructures with Controlled Crystallinity and Morphology as Anode Materials of Lithium-Ion Batteries.
62  oligopyrimidine tract
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CCND1 (1 time)
SUMO (1 time)
UTR (1 time)
2016 SUMO-Modification of the La Protein Facilitates Binding to mRNA In Vitro and in Cells.
63  p-tolyloxy-phthalonitrile
(1 time)
HB (1 time)
POP (1 time)
pRTGP (1 time)
2018 Biluminescence via Fluorescence and Persistent Phosphorescence in Amorphous Organic Donor(D4)-Acceptor(A) Conjugates and Application in Data Security Protection.
64  T. gondii oocyst plaque
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Determining UV inactivation of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts by using cell culture and a mouse bioassay.
65  tall oil-based phytosterols
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2003 Food products containing free tall oil-based phytosterols and oat beta-glucan lower serum total and LDL cholesterol in hypercholesterolemic adults.
66  targeted open parathyroidectomy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MIP (1 time)
PHPT (1 time)
RP (1 time)
2015 Is robotic parathyroidectomy a feasible and safe alternative to targeted open parathyroidectomy for the treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism?
67  task order predictability
(1 time)
Nervous System Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
2AFC (1 time)
PRP (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2012 The effect of task order predictability in audio-visual dual task performance: Just a central capacity limitation?
68  Task-Oriented Physiotherapy
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
GMFM (1 time)
RAGT (1 time)
2017 Effects of dose and duration of Robot-Assisted Gait Training on walking ability of children affected by cerebral palsy.
69  TCF reporter
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
FMCA (1 time)
TRAIL (1 time)
2015 Scopadulciol, Isolated from Scoparia dulcis, Induces beta-Catenin Degradation and Overcomes Tumor Necrosis Factor-Related Apoptosis Ligand Resistance in AGS Human Gastric Adenocarcinoma Cells.
70  teaching, orienting and permitting
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 2017 A Model for the Management of Female Sexual Dysfunctions.
71  temporo-occipito-parietal
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
ITG (1 time)
2002 The contribution of visual areas to speech comprehension: a PET study in cochlear implants patients and normal-hearing subjects.
72  test of odor pleasantness
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Brief evaluation of pleasantness of olfactory and trigeminal stimulants.
73  than production
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2005 Phenotypic associations between traits other than production and longevity in New Zealand dairy cattle.
74  Therapy with Protons
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
IMPLART (1 time)
2015 Calibration of GafChromic EBT3 for absorbed dose measurements in 5 MeV proton beam and (60)Co gamma-rays.
75  thermodynamic optimization plot
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 Some binding-related drug properties are dependent on thermodynamic signature.
76  thinnest optical pachymetry
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ABFS (1 time)
II3 (1 time)
KCN (1 time)
2007 Identification of scanning slit-beam topographic parameters important in distinguishing normal from keratoconic corneal morphologic features.
77  third-order piezoelectric constants
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EL (1 time)
SAW (1 time)
TOD (1 time)
2016 Analysis of contributions of nonlinear material constants to temperature-induced velocity shifts of quartz surface acoustic wave resonators.
78  three beam parallel opposed plan
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ARC (1 time)
ipsi (1 time)
NT (1 time)
1991 Improved dose localization with dual energy photon irradiation in treatment of lateralized intracranial malignancies.
79  three-organelle division-inducing protein
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AUR (1 time)
MD (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2013 The kinesin-like protein TOP promotes Aurora localisation and induces mitochondrial, chloroplast and nuclear division.
80  threshold opening pressures
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
P-V (1 time)
PIP (1 time)
1998 The pressure-volume curve is greatly modified by recruitment. A mathematical model of ARDS lungs.
81  time of placement
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
TOC (1 time)
TOD (1 time)
2017 Variation in the Time of Colonization of Broiler Carcasses by Carrion Flies in Nakhonsawan Province, Thailand.
82  time-off period
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
GrA (1 time)
GrB (1 time)
IMAB (1 time)
2012 Comparison of maximal and more maximal intermittent androgen blockade during 5-year treatment of advanced prostate cancer T3NxMx-1.
83  time-on-pasture
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
WBSF (1 time)
2014 Effect of frame size and time-on-pasture on steer performance, longissimus muscle fatty acid composition, and tenderness in a forage-finishing system.
84  time-on-pitch
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
FG (1 time)
GPS (1 time)
2013 Time-on-pitch or full-game GPS analysis procedures for elite field hockey?
85  time-out process
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
RVA (1 time)
2019 Improving patient safety in the endoscopy unit: utilization of remote video auditing to improve time-out compliance.
86  time-to-event Bayesian optimal phase II
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2020 TOP: Time-to-Event Bayesian Optimal Phase II Trial Design for Cancer Immunotherapy.
87  tip of mastoid process
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
ROZ (1 time)
TSSJ (1 time)
2016 Skull Anatomic Landmarks for Retrosigmoid Craniotomy in a Chinese Cohort: A 3D-Computed Tomography Study in Vivo.
88  Todai OncoPanel
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2019 Comprehensive assay for the molecular profiling of cancer by target enrichment from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens.
89  tongue pharyngeal airway
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
CCR (1 time)
CR (1 time)
EOP (1 time)
2020 Postoperative Skeletal Stability and Pharyngeal Airway: Counterclockwise versus Clockwise Rotation during Mandibular Setback Surgery.
90  top of the IUD
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 1985 Intrauterine devices: results of a separate clinical and ultrasound follow-up study.
91  top-quality embryos
(1 time)
Reproduction
(1 time)
--- 2015 Late follicular progesterone to estradiol ratio is not influenced by protocols or gonadotropins used.
92  topical anaesthesia alone
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ISAS (1 time)
STB (1 time)
2005 Randomised controlled trial of sub-Tenon's block versus topical anaesthesia for cataract surgery: a comparison of patient satisfaction.
93  topical testosterone gel
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IM (1 time)
2004 Program savings associated with switching testosterone intramuscular injections to topical gel in HIV infected males.
94  topically administered prednisolone
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CTL (1 time)
SYS (1 time)
1997 Experimentally induced steroid cataract in the rat: a scanning electron microscopic study.
95  Topografov virus
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
KBR (1 time)
PUU (1 time)
1999 Isolation and characterization of a hantavirus from Lemmus sibiricus: evidence for host switch during hantavirus evolution.
96  topology optimization
(1 time)
SLM (1 time)
2017 Study on Topology Optimization Design, Manufacturability, and Performance Evaluation of Ti-6Al-4V Porous Structures Fabricated by Selective Laser Melting (SLM).
97  topology optimized
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
SLM (1 time)
2019 Mechanical properties tailoring of topology optimized and selective laser melting fabricated Ti6Al4V lattice structure.
98  topology randomization
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
COR (1 time)
2013 Influence of choice of null network on small-world parameters of structural correlation networks.
99  toponymic
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1987 Corresponding spatial gradients of TOP molecules in the developing retina and optic tectum.
100  Topotecan hydrochloride
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MB (1 time)
US (1 time)
2010 Experiment on the factors for enhancing the susceptibility of cancer cells to chemotherapeutic drug by ultrasound microbubbles.