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Abbreviation: TOS
Appearance Frequency: 1715 time(s)
Long forms: 107

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
total oxidant status
(893 times)
Medicine
(85 times)
TAS (469 times)
OSI (466 times)
TAC (278 times)
2004 Effect of garlic supplementation on oxidized low density lipoproteins and lipid peroxidation in patients of essential hypertension.
thoracic outlet syndrome
(411 times)
General Surgery
(142 times)
NTOS (19 times)
MRI (10 times)
VTOS (9 times)
1976 Congenital anomalies associated with thoracic outlet syndrome. Anatomy, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
toxic oil syndrome
(99 times)
Toxicology
(41 times)
PAP (16 times)
EMS (12 times)
OAA (4 times)
1985 Toxic-oil syndrome. Gallium-67 scanning and bronchoalveolar lavage studies in patients with abnormal lung function.
alpha-tocopheryl succinate
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
DOX (4 times)
ROS (4 times)
HA (2 times)
2004 Role of reactive oxygen species in the induction of apoptosis by alpha-tocopheryl succinate.
transoral surgery
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
HPV (5 times)
OPSCC (5 times)
RT (5 times)
2015 [Outcomes following transoral resection of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma].
transverse occipital sulcus
(20 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
PPA (12 times)
RSC (11 times)
fMRI (5 times)
2004 Functional analysis of the periphery effect in human building related areas.
Telangiectatic osteosarcoma
(19 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
ABC (4 times)
OS (4 times)
AKP (1 time)
1987 High alkaline phosphatase activity of telangiectatic osteosarcoma (TOS) and its diagnostic significance.
transgalactooligosaccharides
(18 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
FOS (3 times)
NDO (3 times)
SCFA (2 times)
1993 Effects of galacto-oligosaccharide and bacterial status on mucin distribution in mucosa and on large intestine fermentation in rats.
Toscana
(16 times)
Virology
(7 times)
ARB (2 times)
EIA (2 times)
IFA (2 times)
1984 Antigenic and biological characterization of Toscana virus, a new Phlebotomus fever group virus isolated in Italy.
10  TOR signaling
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
mTOR (4 times)
mTORC1 (3 times)
TOR (3 times)
2002 Identification of a conserved motif required for mTOR signaling.
11  transorbital sonography
(12 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
ONSD (9 times)
OND (5 times)
IIH (3 times)
2016 Transorbital sonography in CIDP patients: No evidence for optic nerve hypertrophy.
12  Theory of Sampling
(9 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
FAO (2 times)
WHO (2 times)
MPE (1 time)
2012 The vineyard yeast microbiome, a mixed model microbial map.
13  time-on-stream
(8 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
TEM (2 times)
WHSV (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
2008 Synthesis of mesoporous tungsten carbide by an impregnation-compaction route, and its NH3 decomposition catalytic activity.
14  treatment outcome score
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
HAE (8 times)
MSCS (8 times)
MID (2 times)
2009 Psychometric validation of two patient-reported outcome measures to assess symptom severity and changes in symptoms in hereditary angioedema.
15  transobturator sling
(7 times)
Urology
(5 times)
SUI (3 times)
ISD (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2008 Transobturator slings for stress incontinence: using urodynamic parameters to predict outcomes.
16  total organic solids
(6 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
BW (3 times)
A.tubingensis (1 time)
AMP (1 time)
2006 Safety evaluation of a lipase enzyme preparation, expressed in Pichia pastoris, intended for use in the degumming of edible vegetable oil.
17  traditional open surgery
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
VATS (5 times)
NSCLC (3 times)
AWBU (1 time)
2013 [Comparison of the changes of thyroid hormones after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and conventional thoracotomy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer].
18  thiosalicylate
(5 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
PXM (5 times)
APX (2 times)
TMS (2 times)
1992 Photosensitivity to piroxicam is induced by sensitization to thimerosal and thiosalicylate.
19  thoracic outlet compression syndrome
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ASM (2 times)
EMG (1 time)
SEPs (1 time)
1986 The anterior scalene muscle in thoracic outlet compression syndrome. Histochemical and morphometric studies.
20  tocopherol succinate
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HA (2 times)
DOX (1 time)
EA (1 time)
2005 Potential of radiosensitizing agents in cancer chemo-radiotherapy.
21  target oriented synthesis
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
DOS (2 times)
2004 A planning strategy for diversity-oriented synthesis.
22  telangiectatic osteogenic sarcoma
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
HD-MTX (3 times)
ADM (1 time)
ADR (1 time)
1986 Telangiectatic osteogenic sarcoma. Improved survival with combination chemotherapy.
23  therapy optimization trials
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
EPAR (1 time)
2005 [Follow up of long-term survivors after childhood cancer in Germany].
24  threat of shock
(3 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
--- 2017 The impact of uncertain threat on affective bias: Individual differences in response to ambiguity.
25  tissue oxygen saturation
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
FS (1 time)
NCFS (1 time)
NIRS (1 time)
2000 Tissue oxygen saturation measured by near infrared spectrophotometry correlates with arterial oxygen saturation during induced oxygenation changes in neonates.
26  trabecular osteoid surfaces
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
TBV (3 times)
CR (2 times)
TRS (2 times)
1985 Intersample variation in bone histomorphometry: comparison between parameter values measured on two contiguous transiliac bone biopsies.
27  transosseous suture
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
PMM (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2015 Pectoralis major tendon repair: a biomechanical study of suture button versus transosseous suture techniques.
28  transparent oxide semiconductor
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
a-ZITO (1 time)
FF (1 time)
GB (1 time)
2010 All-amorphous-oxide transparent, flexible thin-film transistors. Efficacy of bilayer gate dielectrics.
29  trial of scar
(3 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
CPD (1 time)
PPH (1 time)
1988 Trial of scar with induction/oxytocin in delivery following prior section.
30  thermal oxidative stabilization
(2 times)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
IA (1 time)
2019 Impact of Thermal Oxidative Stabilization on the Performance of Lignin-Based Carbon Nanofiber Mats.
31  thermodynamic optimum searching
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FBA (1 time)
MEPP (1 time)
2013 Development of thermodynamic optimum searching (TOS) to improve the prediction accuracy of flux balance analysis.
32  time of sowing
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
APSIM (1 time)
CC (1 time)
ECEs (1 time)
2018 Effectiveness of time of sowing and cultivar choice for managing climate change: wheat crop phenology and water use efficiency.
33  torus semicircularis
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
CN (2 times)
NI (2 times)
SO (2 times)
1996 Connections of the torus semicircularis and oliva superior in the frog, Rana esculenta: a Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin labeling study.
34  tosylate anion
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
NOR (1 time)
2013 Bioelectronics meets nanomedicine for cardiovascular implants: PEDOT-based nanocoatings for tissue regeneration.
35  total oxidant status levels
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
I/R (1 time)
IL (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2013 The protective effect of curcumin on ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat ovary.
36  total oxidants
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
DEC (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
OIE (1 time)
2014 Oral intralipid emulsion use: a novel therapeutic approach to pancreatic beta-cell injury caused by malathion toxicity in rats.
37  transoral surgical
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
TLM (2 times)
TORS (2 times)
OPSCC (1 time)
2015 Oropharyngeal cancer treatment: the role of transoral surgery.
38  traumatic or orthopaedic surgery
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
RCTs (2 times)
2006 Analgesics for pain after traumatic or orthopaedic surgery: what is the evidence--a systematic review.
39  Treatment and Outcome Surveillance
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CCCSCP (1 time)
CCR (1 time)
2005 Waiting times for cancer care in Canadian children: impact of distance, clinical, and demographic factors.
40  brain-tissue oxygen-saturation
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BAS (1 time)
BH (1 time)
CarAD (1 time)
2012 Cerebrovascular reacivity assessment in patients with carotid artery disease: a combined TCD and NIRS study.
41  onset of shivering
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 1989 Effects of repeated short-term cold exposures on cold induced thermogenesis of women.
42  Tablets for oral suspension
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
FCC (1 time)
2019 Stability investigation of FCC-based tablets for oral suspension with caffeine and oxantel pamoate as model drugs.
43  Taiwan Oncology Society
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ESMO (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
TJCC (1 time)
2020 Pan-Asian adapted ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for the management of patients with intermediate and advanced/relapsed hepatocellular carcinoma: a TOS-ESMO initiative endorsed by CSCO, ISMPO, JSMO, KSMO, MOS and SSO.
44  Target Overlap Score
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 A Network-Based Target Overlap Score for Characterizing Drug Combinations: High Correlation with Cancer Clinical Trial Results.
45  Task-Oriented Style
(1 time)
Neuropsychology
(1 time)
EOS (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2015 Anxiety and styles of coping with occupational stress resulting from work with 'dangerous' prisoners in prison service officers.
46  team observation scale
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
GITT (1 time)
2003 Organizational structure, team process, and future directions of interprofessional health care teams.
47  telmisartan oral suspension
(1 time)
Drug Evaluation
(1 time)
--- 2014 Formulation and evaluation of controlled-release of telmisartan microspheres: Invitro/invivo study.
48  temperate oxidative stress
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BOS (1 time)
HOS (1 time)
IOS (1 time)
2014 Free radicals, reactive oxygen species, oxidative stress and its classification.
49  temporal EEG onset seizure
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
FOS (1 time)
2012 Video-EEG monitoring differences in children with frontal and temporal onset seizures.
50  Temporal Orientation Scale
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2009 Predicting neuropsychological test performance on the basis of temporal orientation.
51  temporary ovarian suspension
(1 time)
Genital Diseases, Female
(1 time)
--- 2018 Safety and efficacy of two techniques of temporary ovarian suspension to the anterior abdominal wall after operative laparoscopy.
52  tendon overuse syndrome
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2001 [Tendon overuse syndrome: imaging diagnosis].
53  Teruel Orthorexia Scale
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DEBQ (1 time)
HeOr (1 time)
2019 Orthorexia nervosa and healthy orthorexia as new eating styles.
54  tests of sensory organization
(1 time)
Hearing Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2016 Posture and body balance of schoolchildren aged 8 to 12 years with and without oral breathing.
55  tetracycline-resistant oral streptococci
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2011 Impact of minocycline ointment for periodontal treatment of oral bacteria.
56  than controls
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Oxidative imbalance in obsessive compulsive disorder patients: a total evaluation of oxidant-antioxidant status.
57  Theoretical Orientation Scale
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
OMPI (1 time)
2013 Can You Change a Student's Mind in a Course about the Brain? Belief Change Following an Introductory Course in Biological Psychology.
58  therapeutic-occupational shops
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1979 [Social and work rehabilitation of schizophrenics under the shop conditions of an industrial enterprise].
59  thermal oxidation stress-induced
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
OLM (1 time)
TSM (1 time)
2014 Growth of 3-D flower/grass-like metal oxide nanoarchitectures based on catalyst-assisted oxidation method.
60  thermal-treated oyster shells
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
2017 Suppressive effects of thermal-treated oyster shells on cadmium and copper translocation in maize plants.
61  thermally oxidized soybean oil
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
TOS(N) (1 time)
1993 Carcinogenicity study of the emulsifier TOSOM and the release agent TOS in Wistar rats.
62  thermo-optic switch
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Switchable dual-polarization external cavity tunable laser.
63  thermoosmotic
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
EDL (1 time)
EOS (1 time)
TCOS (1 time)
2018 Highly enhanced liquid flows via thermoosmotic effects in soft and charged nanochannels.
64  third-order spectrum
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CWT (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
HOS (1 time)
2018 Continuous wavelet transform and higher-order spectrum: combinatory potentialities in breath sound analysis and electroencephalogram-based pain characterization.
65  thoracic outlet syndrome/brachial plexopathy
(1 time)
Hand
(1 time)
--- 2013 Dynamic neuromusculoskeletal ultrasound documentation of brachial plexus/thoracic outlet compression during elevated arm stress testing.
66  threshold overlap score
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Systematic and general method for quantifying localization in microscopy images.
67  Thujae occidentalis semen
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
AGA (1 time)
2003 The extract of Thujae occidentalis semen inhibited 5alpha-reductase and androchronogenetic alopecia of B6CBAF1/j hybrid mouse.
68  thus found that only (emim)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PTSA (1 time)
2012 Ion pairing and anion-driven aggregation of an ionic liquid in aqueous salt solutions.
69  tibial osteophytes
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CR (1 time)
JSN (1 time)
2017 Subchondral tibial bone texture predicts the incidence of radiographic knee osteoarthritis: data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative.
70  time of surgery
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
RYGBP (1 time)
TAF (1 time)
2005 Impact of a warm gas insufflation on operating-room ergonometrics during laparoscopic gastric bypass: a pilot study.
71  time-of-saliency
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
VAET (1 time)
2014 VAET: A Visual Analytics Approach for E-Transactions Time-Series.
72  tincture of opiate solution
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
--- 1999 Shorter dosing interval of opiate solution shortens hospital stay for methadone babies.
73  tobacco only smokers
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
COS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2018 [Spontaneous pneumothorax and lung emphysema in cannabis users].
74  Tor signalling sequence
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
FRB (1 time)
mTORC1 (1 time)
Rheb (1 time)
2017 Mechanisms of mTORC1 activation by RHEB and inhibition by PRAS40.
75  Toscana virus
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 1998 A recombinant Toscana virus nucleoprotein in a diagnostic immunoblot test system.
76  tosufloxacin
(1 time)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
CHIT (1 time)
GMK (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
2015 Biological safety evaluation of the modified urinary catheter.
77  total lipid peroxide levels in serum
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
HT (1 time)
2018 The effect of obesity and dietary habits on oxidative stress in Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
78  total olfactory score
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
DB (1 time)
iRBD (1 time)
2016 Antioxidant and inflammatory biomarkers for the identification of prodromal Parkinson's disease.
79  total oligosaccharides
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ONVC (1 time)
XOS (1 time)
2016 Assessment of suitability of vine shoots for hemicellulosic oligosaccharides production through aqueous processing.
80  total oocyte score
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IVF (1 time)
PB (1 time)
PTOS (1 time)
2015 Oocyte Scoring Enhances Embryo-Scoring in Predicting Pregnancy Chances with IVF Where It Counts Most.
81  Total oral symptom score
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Oral challenges with four apple cultivars result in significant differences in oral allergy symptoms.
82  total OSDI score
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
DE (1 time)
NDE (1 time)
NITBUT (1 time)
2008 Clinical signs and symptoms in post-menopausal females with symptoms of dry eye.
83  total oxidant capacity status
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LOOH (1 time)
OGTT (1 time)
OSI (1 time)
2019 The effect of hyperglycemic peak induced by oral glucose tolerance test on the oxidant and antioxidant levels
84  total oxidation status of lipids
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CP (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
2012 Probiotic supplementation affects markers of intestinal barrier, oxidation, and inflammation in trained men; a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial.
85  total oxidative plasma status
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
ADP (1 time)
ASA (1 time)
CABG (1 time)
2016 Relationship between high on aspirin platelet reactivity and oxidative stress in coronary artery by-pass grafted patients.
86  toxic oxygen species
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AMLR (1 time)
CPD (1 time)
1987 Thiol containing antioxidant drugs and the human immune system.
87  transfer of infected cell signaling
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Massive secretion by T cells is caused by HIV Nef in infected cells and by Nef transfer to bystander cells.
88  transient optical spectroscopy
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
rr-P3HT (1 time)
TCNE (1 time)
TRMC (1 time)
2005 Increase in the mobility of photogenerated positive charge carriers in polythiophene.
89  transobturator midurethral sling
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
ICIQ-SF (1 time)
2015 Transobturator Midurethral Slings versus Single-Incision Slings for Stress Incontinence in Overweight Patients.
90  transobturator tape
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Pelvic hematoma following transobturator tape procedure: case report and review of literature.
91  Transoligosaccharide propionate agar medium
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Bifidobacterium-selective isolation and enumeration from chicken caeca by a modified oligosaccharide antibiotic-selective agar medium.
92  transoral endoscopic stapling
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IQR (1 time)
TCM (1 time)
2015 Long-Term Outcome of the Treatment of Zenker's Diverticulum.
93  transoral laser surgery
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
MPT (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2018 Comparison between transoral laser surgery and radiotherapy in the treatment of early glottic cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
94  transoral surgery with concomitant neck dissection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CRT (1 time)
OPSCCA (1 time)
2012 Cost considerations in the treatment of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma.
95  Transorbital optic nerve sonography
(1 time)
Ultrasonography
(1 time)
OND (1 time)
ONSD (1 time)
2016 Intra- and interobserver reliability of transorbital sonographic assessment of the optic nerve sheath diameter and optic nerve diameter in healthy adults.
96  transosseous simple suture
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
SAM (1 time)
SAS (1 time)
TOM (1 time)
2002 Rotator cuff tears: the effect of the reconstruction method on three-dimensional repair site area.
97  transverse orbitofrontal sulci
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
OFC (1 time)
2019 An evaluation of automated tracing for orbitofrontal cortex sulcogyral pattern typing.
98  transversely oscillating sphere
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2009 Measuring derived acoustic power of an ultrasound surgical device in the linear and nonlinear operating modes.
99  treated olive stones
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EDX (1 time)
2009 Chemically modified olive stone: a low-cost sorbent for heavy metals and basic dyes removal from aqueous solutions.
100  trehalose-based oligosaccharides
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Tg (1 time)
2015 Functionality and prevalence of trehalose-based oligosaccharides as novel compatible solutes in ascospores of Neosartorya fischeri (Aspergillus fischeri) and other fungi.