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Abbreviation: TOS
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Long forms: 130

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
total oxidant status
(1231 times)
Medicine
(116 times)
TAS (654 times)
OSI (591 times)
TAC (373 times)
2005 Effect of garlic supplementation on oxidized low density lipoproteins and lipid peroxidation in patients of essential hypertension.
thoracic outlet syndrome
(494 times)
General Surgery
(171 times)
NTOS (25 times)
MRI (13 times)
VTOS (13 times)
1976 Congenital anomalies associated with thoracic outlet syndrome. Anatomy, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
toxic oil syndrome
(102 times)
Toxicology
(41 times)
PAP (16 times)
EMS (13 times)
OAA (4 times)
1985 Toxic-oil syndrome. Gallium-67 scanning and bronchoalveolar lavage studies in patients with abnormal lung function.
total organic solids
(64 times)
Food Safety
(54 times)
BW (43 times)
QPS (8 times)
NOAEL (4 times)
2006 Safety evaluation of a lipase enzyme preparation, expressed in Pichia pastoris, intended for use in the degumming of edible vegetable oil.
enzyme-total organic solids
(53 times)
Food Safety
(53 times)
BW (43 times)
MOE (6 times)
QPS (4 times)
2017 Safety evaluation of the food enzyme endo-1,4-beta-xylanase from genetically modified Aspergillus niger strain XYL.
transoral surgery
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(25 times)
OPSCC (8 times)
RT (8 times)
HPV (6 times)
2014 [Outcomes following transoral resection of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma].
alpha-tocopheryl succinate
(32 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
DOX (7 times)
ROS (7 times)
HA (4 times)
2004 Role of reactive oxygen species in the induction of apoptosis by alpha-tocopheryl succinate.
Telangiectatic osteosarcoma
(25 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
ABC (6 times)
OS (6 times)
AKP (1 time)
1987 High alkaline phosphatase activity of telangiectatic osteosarcoma (TOS) and its diagnostic significance.
transverse occipital sulcus
(22 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
PPA (14 times)
RSC (13 times)
fMRI (5 times)
2004 Functional analysis of the periphery effect in human building related areas.
10  transgalactosylated oligosaccharides
(19 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
FOS (3 times)
NDO (3 times)
SCFA (2 times)
1993 Effects of galacto-oligosaccharide and bacterial status on mucin distribution in mucosa and on large intestine fermentation in rats.
11  time on stream
(16 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
SEM (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
WHSV (2 times)
2008 Synthesis of mesoporous tungsten carbide by an impregnation-compaction route, and its NH3 decomposition catalytic activity.
12  Toscana
(16 times)
Virology
(7 times)
ARB (2 times)
EIA (2 times)
IFA (2 times)
1984 Antigenic and biological characterization of Toscana virus, a new Phlebotomus fever group virus isolated in Italy.
13  TOR signaling
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
mTORC1 (5 times)
mTOR (4 times)
TOR (3 times)
2002 Identification of a conserved motif required for mTOR signaling.
14  transorbital sonography
(14 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
ONSD (10 times)
OND (6 times)
IIH (4 times)
2016 Transorbital sonography in CIDP patients: No evidence for optic nerve hypertrophy.
15  Teruel Orthorexia Scale
(12 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
ON (5 times)
DOS (3 times)
HeOr (3 times)
2019 Orthorexia nervosa and healthy orthorexia as new eating styles.
16  Theory of Sampling
(11 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(8 times)
FAO (2 times)
WHO (2 times)
GS (1 time)
2013 The vineyard yeast microbiome, a mixed model microbial map.
17  traditional open surgery
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
VATS (5 times)
NSCLC (4 times)
AWBU (1 time)
2013 [Comparison of the changes of thyroid hormones after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and conventional thoracotomy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer].
18  transobturator sling
(8 times)
Urology
(6 times)
SUI (3 times)
VLPP (2 times)
ISD (1 time)
2007 Transobturator slings for stress incontinence: using urodynamic parameters to predict outcomes.
19  treatment outcome score
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
HAE (8 times)
MSCS (8 times)
MID (2 times)
2009 Psychometric validation of two patient-reported outcome measures to assess symptom severity and changes in symptoms in hereditary angioedema.
20  thiosalicylate
(5 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
PXM (5 times)
APX (2 times)
TMS (2 times)
1992 Photosensitivity to piroxicam is induced by sensitization to thimerosal and thiosalicylate.
21  tocopherol succinate
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
HA (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
AO (1 time)
2007 Potential of radiosensitizing agents in cancer chemo-radiotherapy.
22  therapy optimization studies
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ALL (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
EPAR (1 time)
2005 [Follow up of long-term survivors after childhood cancer in Germany].
23  thoracic outlet compression syndrome
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ASM (2 times)
EMG (1 time)
SEPs (1 time)
1986 The anterior scalene muscle in thoracic outlet compression syndrome. Histochemical and morphometric studies.
24  target oriented synthesis
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
DOS (2 times)
2003 A planning strategy for diversity-oriented synthesis.
25  telangiectatic osteogenic sarcoma
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
HD-MTX (3 times)
ADM (1 time)
ADR (1 time)
1986 Telangiectatic osteogenic sarcoma. Improved survival with combination chemotherapy.
26  threat of shock
(3 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
--- 2017 The impact of uncertain threat on affective bias: Individual differences in response to ambiguity.
27  times of sowing
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
APSIM (1 time)
BRR (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2018 Effectiveness of time of sowing and cultivar choice for managing climate change: wheat crop phenology and water use efficiency.
28  tissue oxygen saturation
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
FS (1 time)
NCFS (1 time)
NIRS (1 time)
2000 Tissue oxygen saturation measured by near infrared spectrophotometry correlates with arterial oxygen saturation during induced oxygenation changes in neonates.
29  trabecular osteoid surfaces
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
TBV (3 times)
CR (2 times)
TRS (2 times)
1985 Intersample variation in bone histomorphometry: comparison between parameter values measured on two contiguous transiliac bone biopsies.
30  transoral surgical
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
TLM (2 times)
TORS (2 times)
HPV (1 time)
2015 Oropharyngeal cancer treatment: the role of transoral surgery.
31  transosseous suture
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
PMM (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2014 Pectoralis major tendon repair: a biomechanical study of suture button versus transosseous suture techniques.
32  transparent oxide semiconductor
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
a-ZITO (1 time)
FF (1 time)
GB (1 time)
2010 All-amorphous-oxide transparent, flexible thin-film transistors. Efficacy of bilayer gate dielectrics.
33  trial of scar
(3 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
CPD (1 time)
PPH (1 time)
1988 Trial of scar with induction/oxytocin in delivery following prior section.
34  Tablets for oral suspension
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
FCC (1 time)
R-AA (1 time)
2018 Stability investigation of FCC-based tablets for oral suspension with caffeine and oxantel pamoate as model drugs.
35  Taiwan Oncology Society
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ESMO (2 times)
ASCO (1 time)
dMMR (1 time)
2020 Pan-Asian adapted ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for the management of patients with intermediate and advanced/relapsed hepatocellular carcinoma: a TOS-ESMO initiative endorsed by CSCO, ISMPO, JSMO, KSMO, MOS and SSO.
36  targeted oxidation strategy
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2021 A computational evaluation of targeted oxidation strategy (TOS) for potential inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 by disulfiram and analogues.
37  terms of service
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2020 How Internet Contracts Impact Research: Content Analysis of Terms of Service on Consumer Product Websites.
38  thermal oxidative stabilization
(2 times)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
IA (1 time)
2019 Impact of Thermal Oxidative Stabilization on the Performance of Lignin-Based Carbon Nanofiber Mats.
39  thermodynamic optimum searching
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FBA (1 time)
MEPP (1 time)
2012 Development of thermodynamic optimum searching (TOS) to improve the prediction accuracy of flux balance analysis.
40  torus semicircularis
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
CN (2 times)
NI (2 times)
SO (2 times)
1996 Connections of the torus semicircularis and oliva superior in the frog, Rana esculenta: a Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin labeling study.
41  total oxidant status levels
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
I/R (1 time)
IL (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2013 The protective effect of curcumin on ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat ovary.
42  total oxidants
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
DEC (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
OIE (1 time)
2013 Oral intralipid emulsion use: a novel therapeutic approach to pancreatic beta-cell injury caused by malathion toxicity in rats.
43  traumatic and orthopaedic surgery
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
RCTs (2 times)
2006 Analgesics for pain after traumatic or orthopaedic surgery: what is the evidence--a systematic review.
44  Treatment and Outcome Surveillance
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CCCSCP (1 time)
CCR (1 time)
2004 Waiting times for cancer care in Canadian children: impact of distance, clinical, and demographic factors.
45  triangular osteosynthesis
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
IRB (1 time)
S2AIS (1 time)
2020 Triangular Osteosynthesis Using an S1 Pedicle Screw and S2 Alar Iliac Screw for a Unilateral Vertically Displaced Sacral Fracture.
46  brain-tissue oxygen-saturation
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BAS (1 time)
BH (1 time)
CarAD (1 time)
2011 Cerebrovascular reacivity assessment in patients with carotid artery disease: a combined TCD and NIRS study.
47  markers-total oxidant status
(1 time)
Antioxidants
(1 time)
HGF (1 time)
IL-18 (1 time)
MMP-9 (1 time)
2021 Correlations between Salivary Immuno-Biochemical Markers and HbA1c in Type 2 Diabetes Subjects before and after Dental Extraction.
48  onset of shivering
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 1989 Effects of repeated short-term cold exposures on cold induced thermogenesis of women.
49  Table of Specifications
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2020 A Practical Guide for Item Generation in Measure Development: Insights From the Development of a Patient-Reported Experience Measure of Compassion.
50  tall oil soap
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
KL (1 time)
TOL (1 time)
2021 Process development for tall oil lignin production.
51  Target Overlap Score
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 A Network-Based Target Overlap Score for Characterizing Drug Combinations: High Correlation with Cancer Clinical Trial Results.
52  Tarsus-orbicularis-septum
(1 time)
Skin Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2022 Tarsus-Orbicularis-Septum Fixation in Double-Eyelid Blepharoplasty: A Reliable and Flexible Technique.
53  task-oriented strategy
(1 time)
Skin Diseases
(1 time)
CISS (2 times)
PASI (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
2022 The Impact of Stress-Coping Strategies and the Severity of Psoriasis on Self-Esteem, Illness Acceptance and Life Satisfaction.
54  Task-Oriented Style
(1 time)
Neuropsychology
(1 time)
EOS (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2015 Anxiety and styles of coping with occupational stress resulting from work with 'dangerous' prisoners in prison service officers.
55  team observation scale
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
GITT (1 time)
2005 Organizational structure, team process, and future directions of interprofessional health care teams.
56  telmisartan oral suspension
(1 time)
Drug Evaluation
(1 time)
--- 2014 Formulation and evaluation of controlled-release of telmisartan microspheres: In vitro/in vivo study.
57  temperate oxidative stress
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BOS (1 time)
HOS (1 time)
IOS (1 time)
2014 Free radicals, reactive oxygen species, oxidative stress and its classification.
58  temporal EEG onset seizure
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
FOS (1 time)
2011 Video-EEG monitoring differences in children with frontal and temporal onset seizures.
59  Temporal Orientation Scale
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2009 Predicting neuropsychological test performance on the basis of temporal orientation.
60  temporary ovarian suspension
(1 time)
Genital Diseases, Female
(1 time)
--- 2019 Safety and efficacy of two techniques of temporary ovarian suspension to the anterior abdominal wall after operative laparoscopy.
61  tendon overuse syndrome
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2002 [Tendon overuse syndrome: imaging diagnosis].
62  tests of sensory organization
(1 time)
Hearing Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2016 Posture and body balance of schoolchildren aged 8 to 12 years with and without oral breathing.
63  tests of sterility
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2021 Radiation Dose Audit Failures: Truth and Consequences.
64  tetracycline-resistant oral streptococci
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2011 Impact of minocycline ointment for periodontal treatment of oral bacteria.
65  than controls
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2007 Oxidative imbalance in obsessive compulsive disorder patients: a total evaluation of oxidant-antioxidant status.
66  than healthy ones
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
OS (1 time)
2022 Oxidative stress in neonatal lambs and its relation to health status and passive colostral immunity.
67  Theoretical Orientation Scale
(1 time)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
OMPI (1 time)
2013 Can You Change a Student's Mind in a Course about the Brain? Belief Change Following an Introductory Course in Biological Psychology.
68  therapeutic-occupational shops
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1979 [Social and work rehabilitation of schizophrenics under the shop conditions of an industrial enterprise].
69  thermal oxidation stress-induced
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
OLM (1 time)
TSM (1 time)
2014 Growth of 3-D flower/grass-like metal oxide nanoarchitectures based on catalyst-assisted oxidation method.
70  thermal-treated oyster shells
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
2017 Suppressive effects of thermal-treated oyster shells on cadmium and copper translocation in maize plants.
71  thermally oxidized soybean oil
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
TOS(N) (1 time)
1993 Carcinogenicity study of the emulsifier TOSOM and the release agent TOS in Wistar rats.
72  thermo-optic switch
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Switchable dual-polarization external cavity tunable laser.
73  thermoosmotic
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
EDL (1 time)
EOS (1 time)
TCOS (1 time)
2018 Highly enhanced liquid flows via thermoosmotic effects in soft and charged nanochannels.
74  third-order spectrum
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CWT (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
HOS (1 time)
2018 Continuous wavelet transform and higher-order spectrum: combinatory potentialities in breath sound analysis and electroencephalogram-based pain characterization.
75  thoracic outlet syndrome/brachial plexopathy
(1 time)
Hand
(1 time)
--- 2014 Dynamic neuromusculoskeletal ultrasound documentation of brachial plexus/thoracic outlet compression during elevated arm stress testing.
76  thoracobrachial outlet syndrome
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BPSS (1 time)
2021 Update on the thoracic outlet syndrome and plexus brachial syndrome: Specific clinical examination (for all) and rehabilitation protocol.
77  threshold overlap score
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Systematic and general method for quantifying localization in microscopy images.
78  Thujae occidentalis semen
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
AGA (1 time)
2003 The extract of Thujae occidentalis semen inhibited 5alpha-reductase and androchronogenetic alopecia of B6CBAF1/j hybrid mouse.
79  thus found that only (emim)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PTSA (1 time)
2012 Ion pairing and anion-driven aggregation of an ionic liquid in aqueous salt solutions.
80  tibial osteophytes
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CR (1 time)
JSN (1 time)
2017 Subchondral tibial bone texture predicts the incidence of radiographic knee osteoarthritis: data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative.
81  time of surgery
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
RYGBP (1 time)
TAF (1 time)
2005 Impact of a warm gas insufflation on operating-room ergonometrics during laparoscopic gastric bypass: a pilot study.
82  time of symptom onset
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2020 The Association Between Symptom Onset and Length of Hospital Stay in 2019 Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia Cases Without Epidemiological Trace.
83  Time Orientation Scale
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
aMCI (1 time)
TRS (1 time)
ZTPI (1 time)
2022 Time perspective and amnestic mild cognitive impairment.
84  time-of-saliency
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
VAET (1 time)
2015 VAET: A Visual Analytics Approach for E-Transactions Time-Series.
85  tincture of opiate solution
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
--- 1999 Shorter dosing interval of opiate solution shortens hospital stay for methadone babies.
86  tobacco only smokers
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
COS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2018 [Spontaneous pneumothorax and lung emphysema in cannabis users].
87  Tor signalling sequence
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
FRB (1 time)
mTORC1 (1 time)
Rheb (1 time)
2017 Mechanisms of mTORC1 activation by RHEB and inhibition by PRAS40.
88  torrefied olive stone
(1 time)
EF (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2021 Study of Emissions from Domestic Solid-Fuel Stove Combustion in Ireland.
89  TOS-CSCs
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CSCs (1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2021 Analysis of a Preliminary microRNA Expression Signature in a Human Telangiectatic Osteogenic Sarcoma Cancer Cell Line.
90  Toscana virus
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 1999 A recombinant Toscana virus nucleoprotein in a diagnostic immunoblot test system.
91  tosufloxacin
(1 time)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
CHIT (1 time)
GMK (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
2015 Biological safety evaluation of the modified urinary catheter.
92  total lipid peroxide levels in serum
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
HT (1 time)
2018 The effect of obesity and dietary habits on oxidative stress in Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
93  total olfactory score
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
DB (1 time)
iRBD (1 time)
2016 Antioxidant and inflammatory biomarkers for the identification of prodromal Parkinson's disease.
94  total oligosaccharides
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ONVC (1 time)
XOS (1 time)
2016 Assessment of suitability of vine shoots for hemicellulosic oligosaccharides production through aqueous processing.
95  total oocyte score
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IVF (1 time)
PB (1 time)
PTOS (1 time)
2015 Oocyte Scoring Enhances Embryo-Scoring in Predicting Pregnancy Chances with IVF Where It Counts Most.
96  Total opacity scores
(1 time)
CHF (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2021 New challenges for management of COVID-19 patients: Analysis of MDCT based "Automated pneumonia analysis program".
97  total optical score
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
OST (1 time)
2022 Optical imaging compared to clinical examination in 484 rheumatoid arthritis patients: the Leeuwarden Handscan Registry.
98  Total oral symptom score
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Oral challenges with four apple cultivars result in significant differences in oral allergy symptoms.
99  total OSDI score
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
DE (1 time)
NDE (1 time)
NITBUT (1 time)
2008 Clinical signs and symptoms in post-menopausal females with symptoms of dry eye.
100  total oxidant capacity status
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LOOH (1 time)
OGTT (1 time)
OSI (1 time)
2019 The effect of hyperglycemic peak induced by oral glucose tolerance test on the oxidant and antioxidant levels