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Abbreviation: TPN
Appearance Frequency: 3174 time(s)
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
total parenteral nutrition
(2988 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(865 times)
EN (83 times)
MCT (54 times)
GLN (46 times)
1974 A compact portable prosthesis for total parenteral nutrition (t.p.n.): ambulatory parenteral feeding in the hospital and home.
task-positive network
(33 times)
Brain
(11 times)
DMN (25 times)
fMRI (8 times)
PCC (4 times)
2010 A multivariate analysis of age-related differences in default mode and task-positive networks across multiple cognitive domains.
tapasin
(18 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(13 times)
MHC-I (5 times)
ER (4 times)
CRT (3 times)
2000 Impaired assembly yet normal trafficking of MHC class I molecules in Tapasin mutant mice.
triphosphopyridine nucleotide
(8 times)
Bacteriology
(3 times)
DPN (3 times)
G6P (2 times)
6PG (1 time)
1954 Tetrazolium stains for diphosphopyridine nucleotide (DPN) diaphorase and triphosphopyridine nucleotide (TPN) diaphorase in animal tissue.
tertiapin
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
Kir (1 time)
rKir1.1 (1 time)
TPNQ (1 time)
1999 Synthesis of a stable form of tertiapin: a high-affinity inhibitor for inward-rectifier K+ channels.
total parenteral
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
EN (3 times)
ENT (1 time)
GCS (1 time)
1982 Effects of prolonged, purine-free total parenteral and enteral nutrition on urate homeostasis in man.
total parenteral alimentation
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
EEN (1 time)
NK (1 time)
1984 Effects of parenteral and enteral hyperalimentation on hepatic drug metabolism in the rat.
transversus penis
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
RPM (3 times)
CF (2 times)
FB (1 time)
2002 Sexual dimorphisms in a copulatory neuromuscular system in the green anole lizard.
2-trifluoromethylphenoxazine
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CPN (3 times)
PNZ (3 times)
AOAC (1 time)
2007 Novel oxidative coupling reactions of cisapride or metaclopramide with phenoxazines and their applications in the determination of nitrite at trace level in environmental samples.
10  TPN alone
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
BT (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2005 Lack of enteral nutrition--effects on the intestinal immune system.
11  TPN group
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
1989 Structural and functional alterations in the gut of parenterally or enterally fed rats.
12  tumor-penetrating nanocomplexes
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PDAC (2 times)
ID4 (1 time)
miRNA (1 time)
2012 Targeted tumor-penetrating siRNA nanocomplexes for credentialing the ovarian cancer oncogene ID4.
13  1,2,3,4-tetraphenylnaphthalene
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CVD (1 time)
2006 Fast processes and intermediates in photochemistry of 7-dimethyl-germanorbornadiene.
14  alpha-Terpineol
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
--- 2011 alpha-Terpineol reduces nociceptive behavior in mice.
15  calorie-total parenteral nutrition
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
AKI (2 times)
CENTRAL (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2010 Nutritional support for acute kidney injury.
16  conventional parenteral nutrition
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
1987 Relationship of antioxidant enzymes to trace metals in premature infants.
17  target-plus-noise
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
TO (2 times)
1993 Influence of response selection and noise similarity on age differences in the redundancy gain.
18  total particle number
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CO (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
2008 Outdoor and indoor respirable air particulate concentrations in differing urban traffic microenvironments.
19  total particulate N
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DON (1 time)
TDN (1 time)
TN (1 time)
2015 The composition, spatial patterns, and influencing factors of atmospheric wet nitrogen deposition in Chinese terrestrial ecosystems.
20  total particulate nitrogen
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DIN (1 time)
DON (1 time)
TDN (1 time)
2007 Nitrogen interception in floodwater of rice field in Taihu region of China.
21  total PN
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PN (2 times)
EN (1 time)
TEN (1 time)
2009 Surgery and transplantation - Guidelines on Parenteral Nutrition, Chapter 18.
22  total protein normalization
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HKP (2 times)
GAPDH (1 time)
LCLs (1 time)
2013 Stain-Free technology as a normalization tool in Western blot analysis.
23  Adequate parenteral nutrition, total
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BCAA (1 time)
BMT (1 time)
2001 Parenteral nutrition support after bone marrow transplantation: comparison of total and partial parenteral nutrition during the early posttransplantation period.
24  adequate preoperative nutritional repletion
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1980 Reduction of operative morbidity and mortality by combined preoperative and postoperative nutritional support.
25  continuous parenteral nutrition
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
GN (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
2009 Glucagon-mediated impairments in hepatic and peripheral tissue nutrient disposal are not aggravated by increased lipid availability.
26  digestive-tract fistula is never easy, being its approach either conservative
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2001 [A new conservative approach in the treatment of postoperative digestive-tract fistulas. Mechanical closure by a balloon-catheter].
27  folate-targeted nanodroplet
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ADV (1 time)
MWA (1 time)
MWDV (1 time)
2016 Microwave-activated nanodroplet vaporization for highly efficient tumor ablation with real-time monitoring performance.
28  long-term dependence on parenteral nutrition
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 1999 Growth factors and nutrients in the short bowel syndrome.
29  long-term resuscitation with hyperalimentation
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Long-term resuscitation of hemorrhage/reperfusion injury (H/R) stimulates renal PGE2 release.
30  parameters, parenteral nutrition days
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CS (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2004 Routine cesarean delivery does not improve the outcome of infants with gastroschisis.
31  T. pallidum ssp. endemicum
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
SNVs (1 time)
TPA (1 time)
TPE (1 time)
2016 Tracing the origin of Treponema pallidum in China using next-generation sequencing.
32  Task-Positive like network
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
DMN (1 time)
GSR (1 time)
2018 Dynamic resting state fMRI analysis in mice reveals a set of Quasi-Periodic Patterns and illustrates their relationship with the global signal.
33  tau-positive neurons
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CBD (1 time)
NFT (1 time)
1998 Regional quantitative analysis of tau-positive neurons in progressive supranuclear palsy: comparison with Alzheimer's disease.
34  tea polyphenol nanoliposome
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Characterization and bioavailability of tea polyphenol nanoliposome prepared by combining an ethanol injection method with dynamic high-pressure microfluidization.
35  teicoplanin
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ATB (1 time)
ICUs (1 time)
LZD (1 time)
2008 [Use of antibiotics for the treatment of multiresistant gram positive cocci infections in critical patients].
36  telemedical prehospital notification
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
EMS (1 time)
RTS (1 time)
TEP (1 time)
2018 Prehospital Telemedical Emergency Management of Severely Injured Trauma Patients.
37  terapia por pressao negativa
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
FB (1 time)
NPT (1 time)
2016 Bronchial fistula closure with negative pressure wound therapy: a feasible and cost-effective treatment.
38  Terephthalonitrile
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2017 High-pressure Raman study of Terephthalonitrile.
39  tetracoordinate planar nonmetals
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2005 (M4H3X)2B2O2: hydrometal complexes (M = Ni, Mg) containing double tetracoordinate planar nonmetal centers (X = C, N).
40  tetraprenylacetone
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CCK (1 time)
1995 Effects of tetraprenylacetone on pancreatic exocrine secretion and acute pancreatitis in two experimental models in rats.
41  thalamic projection neurons
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
HRP (1 time)
1982 Thalamic projecting neurons in the feline nucleus cuneatus. A combined horseradish peroxidase and high voltage electron microscopic study.
42  thalidomide peripheral neuropathy
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2004 Thalidomide treatment for prurigo nodularis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected subjects: efficacy and risk of neuropathy.
43  theoretical plate number
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
FPP (1 time)
LP (1 time)
SI (1 time)
2014 Ultra high efficiency/low pressure supercritical fluid chromatography with superficially porous particles for triglyceride separation.
44  therapeutic and prophylactic nutrition
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
BFA (1 time)
2002 [The role of bioactive food additives in therapeutic and prophylactic nutrition].
45  thermoplastic net-shaping
(1 time)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
BMGs (1 time)
2017 Hierarchical surface patterning of Ni- and Be-free Ti- and Zr-based bulk metallic glasses by thermoplastic net-shaping.
46  three Norwegian hospitals in use of perioperative parenteral nutrition
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 1995 Perioperative use of total parenteral nutrition. Variations in guidelines and practice in three Norwegian hospitals.
47  through exercise energy expenditure and iv nutrient replacement
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Appetite responds to changes in meal content, whereas ghrelin, leptin, and insulin track changes in energy availability.
48  thymidine phosphorylase
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
TP (1 time)
2005 Prognostic significance of thymidine phosphorylase in superficial bladder carcinoma.
49  thymolphthalexone
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2006 Simultaneous determination of copper, bismuth and lead by adsorptive stripping voltammetry in the presence of thymolphthalexone.
50  tibial posterior nerve
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
LFCN (1 time)
SSEPs (1 time)
2006 Proposal of a new criterion for electrodiagnosis of meralgia paresthetica by evoked potentials.
51  time of complete PN formation
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
NE (1 time)
PLCzeta (1 time)
PN (1 time)
2008 Relationship between nuclear sequestration of PLCzeta and termination of PLCzeta-induced Ca2+ oscillations in mouse eggs.
52  time Petri net
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CTPN (1 time)
2000 Compositional time Petri nets and reduction rules.
53  time Petri net model
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 1997 Comments on "A Petri net model for temporal knowledge representation and reasoning".
54  time-to-peak normalized by the length of the cycle
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Left ventricular deformation and two-dimensional echocardiography: temporal and other parameter values in normal subjects.
55  timing phase noise
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
FB (1 time)
MLL (1 time)
PSD (1 time)
2013 Timing jitter reduction of passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers by self- and external-injection: numerical description and experiments.
56  tissue sensitivity to insulin, group II
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2013 Parenteral nutrition and preOp preparation in prevention of post-operative insulin resistance in gastrointestinal carcinoma.
57  tocopherol nicotinate
(1 time)
EGDMA (1 time)
MAA (1 time)
MINs (1 time)
2013 Synthesis and computational investigation of molecularly imprinted nanospheres for selective recognition of alpha-tocopherol succinate.
58  tolerance, perspective, nurture
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1989 Surgical humanism as TPN (tolerance, perspective, nurture).
59  Total nutritional support provided either parentally
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Nutritional support in inflammatory bowel disease: current status and future directions.
60  total or partial parenteral nutrition
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MMIHS (1 time)
2011 Megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome: systematic review of outcome.
61  total papillary necrosis
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
NIS (1 time)
PPN (1 time)
1978 Radiological changes of renal papillary necrosis.
62  total parenteral infusion
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2006 Home infusion therapy. First things first: the patient and the prevention of central catheter infections.
63  total parenteral nutrition catheterization
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 1987 Iatrogenic causes of large pleural fluid collections in the premature infant: ultrasonic and radiographic findings.
64  total parenteral nutrition infused via a central catheter
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ACM (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
TPN-PolyB (1 time)
1996 The enhanced effect of parenteral nutrition on hepatotoxicity.
65  total parenteral nutrition via the subclavian vein
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MCT (1 time)
PNTF (1 time)
1996 Systematic approach to the treatment of chylous leakage after neck dissection.
66  total parenterally nourished
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 1979 In vivo patterns of circulating steroids in adult male rats III. Effect of total parenteral nutrition on the diurnal variation of testosterone.
67  total period of parenteral nutrition
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
AHSCT (1 time)
2016 Evaluation of the risk factors associated with high-dose chemotherapy-induced dysgeusia in patients undergoing autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: possible usefulness of cryotherapy in dysgeusia prevention.
68  total pore number
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
APA (1 time)
HR-pQCT (1 time)
T2D (1 time)
2016 Cortical bone laminar analysis reveals increased midcortical and periosteal porosity in type 2 diabetic postmenopausal women with history of fragility fractures compared to fracture-free diabetics.
69  total protein nutrient
(1 time)
Drug Delivery Systems
(1 time)
DMARDs (1 time)
HCQ (1 time)
HL (1 time)
2017 Novel drug delivery of dual acting prodrugs of hydroxychloroquine with aryl acetic acid NSAIDs: Design, kinetics and pharmacological study.
70  touch panel navigation
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
2015 A touch panel surgical navigation system with automatic depth perception.
71  Toxicologic Prediction Network
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Assessing chronic liver toxicity based on relative gene expression data.
72  TPN because of respiratory disease were randomized into experimental
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 1981 The effect of short-term total parenteral nutrition on hepatic function in the human neonate: a prospective randomized study demonstrating alteration of hepatic canalicular function.
73  TPN patients
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CoQ10 (1 time)
PL (1 time)
T-chol (1 time)
1986 Serum levels of coenzyme Q10 and lipids in patients during total parenteral nutrition.
74  TPN solution
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
GALT (1 time)
IgA (1 time)
1997 Effect of glutamine-enriched total parenteral nutrition on small intestinal gut-associated lymphoid tissue and upper respiratory tract immunity.
75  trace metals when parenteral nutrition
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
SOD (1 time)
1991 Selenium supplementation in low-birthweight premature infants: relationship to trace metals and antioxidant enzymes.
76  trafficking PN
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CTF (1 time)
PN (1 time)
TRaCKS (1 time)
2013 Expanding proteostasis by membrane trafficking networks.
77  trauma patient to total nutritional support
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ISS (1 time)
1989 An integrated analysis of glucose, fat, and protein metabolism in severely traumatized patients. Studies in the basal state and the response to total parenteral nutrition.
78  trauma patients fed parenterally
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
PSE (1 time)
rhGH (1 time)
1994 Enhancement of protein synthesis efficiency in parenterally fed trauma victims by adjuvant recombinant human growth hormone.
79  treated medically, particularly when analyzing only nontotal parenteral nutrition
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
2000 Direct hospital costs for patients with inflammatory bowel disease in a Canadian tertiary care university hospital.
80  treated patients with malnutrition pre-operatively using parenteral nutrition
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PNI (1 time)
1995 [Prevention of infectious postoperative complications in Crohn's disease].
81  treated with early post-burn parenteral nutrition
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BT (1 time)
MLN (1 time)
SBD (1 time)
1993 Selective bowel decontamination, nutritional therapy and bacterial translocation after burn injury.
82  treatment with standard parenteral nutrition
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
GH (1 time)
IGF-I (1 time)
TPNGLN (1 time)
2000 Effects of glutamine supplementation, GH, and IGF-I on glutamine metabolism in critically ill patients.
83  triazine-based polypyrrole network
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
NC (1 time)
ORR (1 time)
2016 Porous N-Doped Carbon Prepared from Triazine-Based Polypyrrole Network: A Highly Efficient Metal-Free Catalyst for Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Alkaline Electrolytes.
84  Triple negative breast cancer
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
LTB (1 time)
MPG (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
2018 Usefulness of positron emission mammography in the evaluation of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer.
85  tripronuclear
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
ICSI-TPN (1 time)
2011 Self-correction in tripronucleated human embryos.
86  tripronucleated embryo
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
BPN (1 time)
TPN-ICSI (1 time)
2015 Morphokinetics as a predictor of self-correction to diploidy in tripronucleated intracytoplasmic sperm injection-derived human embryos.
87  tripronucleated human embryos
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
SR (1 time)
2013 Short-term storage of tripronucleated human embryos.
88  tris(2-pyridyl)amine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
TPM (1 time)
2009 Synthesis of new copper(I) complexes with tris(2-pyridyl) ligands. Applications to carbene and nitrene transfer reactions.
89  Trunk phloem necrosis
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2014 Differential expression of microRNAs and their targets reveals a possible dual role in physiological bark disorder in rubber tree.
90  tumor bearing patients undergoing parenteral nutrition
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1979 Abnormalities of zinc and copper during total parenteral nutrition.
91  Tumor-bearing animals provided with intravenous glucose and amino acids
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1985 The effects of glucose and amino acids on tumor and host DNA synthesis.
92  tumor-promoting niche
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Liver inflammation and cancer: The role of tissue microenvironment in generating the tumor-promoting niche (TPN) in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma.
93  tumour penetrative depth
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
OS (1 time)
RFS (1 time)
SLN (1 time)
2007 Prognostic significance of histopathological parameters in sentinel nodes of melanoma patients.
94  Twenty-three patients received parenteral nutrition
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
ICU (1 time)
TLR (1 time)
2010 Lack of effect of glutamine administration to boost the innate immune system response in trauma patients in the intensive care unit.
95  two-photon nonlinearity
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2008 Design of many-atom cavity QED systems for strong two-photon nonlinearity.