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■ Search Result - Abbreviation : Tyr

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Abbreviation: Tyr
Appearance Frequency: 1137 time(s)
Long forms: 93

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
tyrosine
(933 times)
Biochemistry
(180 times)
Phe (264 times)
Trp (220 times)
Ser (53 times)
1975 Studies on the experimental phenylketonuria in rats.
d-Tyr-tRNA
(37 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
TyrRS (4 times)
AD (1 time)
Asp (1 time)
1990 Recognition of tRNA(Tyr) by tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase.
tyrosol
(30 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
HT (8 times)
LPS (4 times)
Ole (3 times)
1994 UV resonance Raman and excited-state relaxation rate studies of hemoglobin.
tyrosinated
(13 times)
Cell Biology
(11 times)
MTs (4 times)
Ac (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
1984 Distinct populations of microtubules: tyrosinated and nontyrosinated alpha tubulin are distributed differently in vivo.
tyrosine residues
(7 times)
Biology
(2 times)
alpha-MSH (1 time)
APO (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1992 [Participation of tyrosine residues of myoglobin in the disproportionateness reaction of heme iron (II) and (IV)].
tyrosyl-tRNA
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DTD (2 times)
D-Tyr (1 time)
PfDTD (1 time)
2000 D-tyrosyl-tRNA(Tyr) metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS)-tRNA
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
TyrRS (4 times)
mTyrRS (1 time)
ncAAs (1 time)
2003 Structural basis for orthogonal tRNA specificities of tyrosyl-tRNA synthetases for genetic code expansion.
tyrosine to tRNA
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
tRNA (1 time)
1972 Regulation of the tyrosine biosynthetic enzymes in Salmonella typhimurium: analysis of the involvement of tyrosyl-transfer ribonucleic acid and tyrosyl-transfer ribonucleic acid synthetase.
cy-tRNA
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
i6A37 (1 time)
IPTases (1 time)
Ser (1 time)
2016 Lack of tRNA-i6A modification causes mitochondrial-like metabolic deficiency in S. pombe by limiting activity of cytosolic tRNATyr, not mito-tRNA.
10  tyrosinase enzyme
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
3-MPA (1 time)
BCNP (1 time)
BPA (1 time)
2006 A comparative study of immobilization methods of a tyrosinase enzyme on electrodes and their application to the detection of dichlorvos organophosphorus insecticide.
11  tyrosyl radical
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CL (1 time)
CLOOH (1 time)
cyt c (1 time)
1994 Towards an understanding of the reactivity of E. coli R2 ribonucleotide reductase: a mechanistic approach to inactivation.
12  tyrosyl-adenylate intermediate to tRNA
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
--- 2000 The 'KMSKS' motif in tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase participates in the initial binding of tRNA(Tyr).
13  Tyrphostin
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
EGFR (2 times)
E17G (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
2003 CCR7-mediated physiological lymphocyte homing involves activation of a tyrosine kinase pathway.
14  TyrRS and tRNA
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
TyrRS (2 times)
TyrTS (1 time)
1989 Structural and kinetic bases for the recognition of tRNATyr by tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase.
15  tyrosine to the 3' end of tRNA
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
TyrRS (1 time)
2008 Activation of D-tyrosine by Bacillus stearothermophilus tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase: 1. Pre-steady-state kinetic analysis reveals the mechanistic basis for the recognition of D-tyrosine.
16  tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase abolishes misacylation of supF tRNA
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 1992 Competition of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases for tRNA ensures the accuracy of aminoacylation.
17  tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase, and tRNA
(2 times)
Bacteriology
(2 times)
tRNA (1 time)
1972 Regulation of the tyrosine biosynthetic enzymes in Salmonella typhimurium: analysis of the involvement of tyrosyl-transfer ribonucleic acid and tyrosyl-transfer ribonucleic acid synthetase.
18  TyrRSs complexed with their cognate tRNA
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TyrRS (1 time)
yTyrRS (1 time)
2004 Three-dimensional structure of the ternary complex of yeast tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase.
19  (Bst-TyrRS) is necessary for the binding of tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Disordered C-terminal domain of tyrosyl transfer-RNA synthetase: evidence for a folded state.
20  (D-Tyr) into cellular proteins due to mischarging of tRNA
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
D-Tyr (1 time)
2015 The Bacillus subtilis tyrZ gene encodes a highly selective tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase and is regulated by a MarR regulator and T box riboswitch.
21  14C-tyrosine
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2001 Uptake mechanisms of L-3-[125I]iodo-alpha-methyl-tyrosine in a human small-cell lung cancer cell line: comparison with L-1.
22  3-iodo-l-tyrosine, but hardly produces tyrosyl-tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
PheRS (1 time)
2008 Transplantation of a tyrosine editing domain into a tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase variant enhances its specificity for a tyrosine analog.
23  3-nitrotyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (nitroTyrRS) toward several engineered tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ncAAs (1 time)
nitroTyrRS (1 time)
sfGFP (1 time)
2016 Improved Incorporation of Noncanonical Amino Acids by an Engineered tRNA(Tyr) Suppressor.
24  aminoacyl-tRNA
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
PL (1 time)
PLP (1 time)
PM (1 time)
1998 Identification and function of the pdxY gene, which encodes a novel pyridoxal kinase involved in the salvage pathway of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis in Escherichia coli K-12.
25  D-Tyr resulted in nuclear accumulation of tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2009 Human D-Tyr-tRNA(Tyr) deacylase contributes to the resistance of the cell to D-amino acids.
26  D-Tyr treatment and h-DTD silencing caused tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2009 Human D-Tyr-tRNA(Tyr) deacylase contributes to the resistance of the cell to D-amino acids.
27  Des-Tyr-Met-Enk and Tyrosine
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1993 Transmucosal delivery of methionine enkephalin. I: Solution stability and kinetics of degradation in various rabbit mucosa extracts.
28  highest yield reported for the isozyme DAHP synthase
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Overexpression, purification, and characterization of tyrosine-sensitive 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonic acid 7-phosphate synthase from Escherichia coli.
29  l-Tyr-tRNA product, regenerating the tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 A continuous tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase assay that regenerates the tRNA substrate.
30  L-tyrosine is transferred from Tyr-tRNA
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2010 The structure and mechanism of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis cyclodityrosine synthetase.
31  p-tyrosol
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BV (1 time)
OTCI (1 time)
PV (1 time)
2018 Effect of p-tyrosol on hemorheological parameters and cerebral capillary network in young spontaneously hypertensive rats.
32  phosphatidylcholine-tyrosine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Ile (1 time)
lecithin, PC (1 time)
Phe (1 time)
2011 The interfacial tension of the lipid membrane formed from lipid-amino acid systems.
33  phosphor-tyrosine
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
FAs (1 time)
FASN (1 time)
RTKs (1 time)
2008 Overexpression of fatty acid synthase gene activates HER1/HER2 tyrosine kinase receptors in human breast epithelial cells.
34  target mRNA by the tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
1995 Effective ribozyme delivery in plant cells.
35  target RNA, encoding chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT), than the tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
1995 Effective ribozyme delivery in plant cells.
36  tetrapeptide -Cys-Phe-Pro
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1997 Purification and characterization of glutaredoxin (thioltransferase) from rice (Oryza sativa L.).
37  therefore resemble prokaryotic tRNAs
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 1985 Sequences of two bean mitochondria tRNAs(Tyr) which differ in the level of post-transcriptional modification and have a prokaryotic-like large extra-loop.
38  Thr-112 to another hydroxylated residue
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
T112A (1 time)
2004 Molecular determinants of proton modulation of glycine receptors.
39  through the characterization of the peptides without the PEG moiety
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PEG8 -Y6 (1 time)
2018 Amyloid-Like Fibrillary Morphology Originated by Tyrosine-Containing Aromatic Hexapeptides.
40  tracer was prepared by radioiodination of a
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IDDM (1 time)
1993 Clinical studies of IGFBP-2 by radioimmunoassay.
41  tRNA synthetase where contacts of Escherichia coli tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Species-specific tRNA recognition in relation to tRNA synthetase contact residues.
42  tryptophan
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
1-MT (1 time)
IDO (1 time)
KYN (1 time)
2007 Effect of Kidney-replenishing herb on the indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase of human syncytiotrophoblasts cultured in vitro and the balance of helper T-cell cytokines.
43  tryptophan 5-monooxygenase activation protein
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
Tubb2 (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of candidate reference genes for QPCR during ontogenesis and of immune-relevant tissues of European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax).
44  Tyr and Glu
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
HVA (1 time)
NE (1 time)
1996 Intravenous gamma-glutamyl-tyrosine elevates brain tyrosine but not catecholamine concentrations in normal rats.
45  Tyr in vivo by making 20-microL injections, containing 2.9 mumol Glu
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
GGTase (1 time)
TPN (1 time)
1991 Use of the stable peptide, gamma-L-glutamyl-L-tyrosine, as an intravenous source of tyrosine in mice.
46  Tyr, Na(+)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CPMD (1 time)
2008 First Principles Study of Alkali-Tyrosine Complexes: Alkali Solvation and Redox Properties.
47  Tyr-10 replaced by 3-I
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
OGP (1 time)
OGPBP (1 time)
1993 Mitogenic action of osteogenic growth peptide (OGP): role of amino and carboxy-terminal regions and charge.
48  Tyr-74 in SL
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Lys (1 time)
1978 [Chemical modification of ferricytochrome c by N-(2,2',5,5'-tetramethyl-3-carboxypyrroline-1-oxyl)-imidazole].
49  Tyr-AMP analog and the native tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SceTyrRS (1 time)
TyrRSs (1 time)
2007 Structural basis for recognition of cognate tRNA by tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase from three kingdoms.
50  Tyr-tRNA synthetase with yeast tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1990 Evidence for two types of complexes formed by yeast tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase with cognate and non-cognate tRNA. Effect of ribonucleoside triphosphates.
51  tyrosinase-encoding
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Multiple alternatively spliced transcripts of the mouse tyrosinase-encoding gene.
52  tyrosine activation and Escherichia coli tRNA
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2007 Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase: the first crystallization of a human mitochondrial aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase.
53  tyrosine amino acid
(1 time)
GO (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2018 Uptake of Tyrosine Amino Acid on Nano-Graphene Oxide.
54  tyrosine and subsequent transfer to tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TyrRS (1 time)
2009 Thermodynamic analysis reveals a temperature-dependent change in the catalytic mechanism of bacillus stearothermophilus tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase.
55  tyrosine binding leaves most of DAHPS
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DAHPS (1 time)
2019 Molecular basis for feedback inhibition of tyrosine-regulated 3-deoxy-d-arabino-heptulosonate-7-phosphate synthase from Escherichia coli.
56  tyrosine biosynthetic enzymes, is not attached to tRNA
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
tRNA (1 time)
1972 Regulation of the tyrosine biosynthetic enzymes in Salmonella typhimurium: analysis of the involvement of tyrosyl-transfer ribonucleic acid and tyrosyl-transfer ribonucleic acid synthetase.
57  tyrosine identity determinants in Methanococcus jannaschii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TyrRS (1 time)
2001 Major tyrosine identity determinants in Methanococcus jannaschii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae tRNA(Tyr) are conserved but expressed differently.
58  tyrosine identity of canonical tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BMV (1 time)
TyrRS (1 time)
2001 Specific tyrosylation of the bulky tRNA-like structure of brome mosaic virus RNA relies solely on identity nucleotides present in its amino acid-accepting domain.
59  tyrosine modified protein-SL
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Lys (1 time)
1978 [Chemical modification of ferricytochrome c by N-(2,2',5,5'-tetramethyl-3-carboxypyrroline-1-oxyl)-imidazole].
60  tyrosine nor human and Xenopus pre-tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1992 Intron excision from tRNA precursors by plant splicing endonuclease requires unique features of the mature tRNA domain.
61  tyrosine-resistant DAHPS
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DAHPS (1 time)
2019 Molecular basis for feedback inhibition of tyrosine-regulated 3-deoxy-d-arabino-heptulosonate-7-phosphate synthase from Escherichia coli.
62  tyrosine-terminated
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1999 Association of tubulin carboxypeptidase with microtubules in living cells.
63  Tyrosol galactoside
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
Sal (1 time)
2012 Neuroprotective effects of Salidroside and its analogue tyrosol galactoside against focal cerebral ischemia in vivo and H2O2-induced neurotoxicity in vitro.
64  tyrosyl free radical
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1998 Kinetic evidence that a radical transfer pathway in protein R2 of mouse ribonucleotide reductase is involved in generation of the tyrosyl free radical.
65  tyrosyl moiety is transferred to tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CMT (1 time)
G41R (1 time)
TyrRS (1 time)
2011 Dominant Intermediate Charcot-Marie-Tooth disorder is not due to a catalytic defect in tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase.
66  tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (CYT-18 protein) both aminoacylates mitochondrial tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2008 Identification and evolution of fungal mitochondrial tyrosyl-tRNA synthetases with group I intron splicing activity.
67  tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (iodoTyrRS) esterifies or charges tRNA
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
PheRS (1 time)
2008 Transplantation of a tyrosine editing domain into a tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase variant enhances its specificity for a tyrosine analog.
68  Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (yTyrRS) complexed with its cognate tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TyrRS (1 time)
yTyrRS (1 time)
2004 Three-dimensional structure of the ternary complex of yeast tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase.
69  tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase mutant strain defective in nuclear tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FISH (1 time)
2004 The nuclear tRNA aminoacylation-dependent pathway may be the principal route used to export tRNA from the nucleus in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
70  tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase participates in the initial binding of tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2000 The 'KMSKS' motif in tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase participates in the initial binding of tRNA(Tyr).
71  tyrosylation of tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
TyrRS (1 time)
2006 Crystal structures of tyrosyl-tRNA synthetases from Archaea.
72  tyrosylation properties of M. jannaschii and yeast tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TyrRS (1 time)
2001 Major tyrosine identity determinants in Methanococcus jannaschii and Saccharomyces cerevisiae tRNA(Tyr) are conserved but expressed differently.
73  TyrRS activity with Escherichia coli tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
LSU (1 time)
mt (1 time)
TyrRSs (1 time)
2001 Function of the Neurospora crassa mitochondrial tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase in RNA splicing. Role of the idiosyncratic N-terminal extension and different modes of interaction with different group I introns.
74  TyrRS activity with the N. crassa mt tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
LSU (1 time)
mt (1 time)
TyrRSs (1 time)
2001 Function of the Neurospora crassa mitochondrial tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase in RNA splicing. Role of the idiosyncratic N-terminal extension and different modes of interaction with different group I introns.
75  TyrRS and Bacillus stearothermophilus suppressor tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TyrRS (1 time)
2002 Site-specific incorporation of an unnatural amino acid into proteins in mammalian cells.
76  TyrRS approaches tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TyrRS (1 time)
1993 Discrimination between transfer-RNAs by tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase.
77  TyrRS complexed with tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
OMeTyr (1 time)
TyrRS (1 time)
2005 Crystal structures of apo wild-type M. jannaschii tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (TyrRS) and an engineered TyrRS specific for O-methyl-L-tyrosine.
78  TyrRS directly controlled by tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NLS (1 time)
TyrRS (1 time)
2012 tRNA-controlled nuclear import of a human tRNA synthetase.
79  TyrRS efficiently charges a variant of E. coli tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2000 Identity of tRNA for yeast tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase: tyrosylation is more sensitive to identity nucleotides than to structural features.
80  TyrRS enzymatic activity in aminoacylation of homologous tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TyrRS (1 time)
1997 [Production of polyclonal antibodies to tyrosyl-tRNA-synthetase from the bovine liver and characterization of two forms of the enzyme].
81  TyrRS in the second step of tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Expression, purification, and characterization of human tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase.
82  TyrRS interaction with the D-/anticodon arm stacked helices of tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Interaction of the Neurospora crassa mitochondrial tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase (CYT-18 protein) with the group I intron P4-P6 domain. Thermodynamic analysis and the role of metal ions.
83  TyrRS is regulated by its cognate tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NLS (1 time)
TyrRS (1 time)
2012 tRNA-controlled nuclear import of a human tRNA synthetase.
84  TyrRS is regulated by tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NLS (1 time)
TyrRS (1 time)
2012 tRNA-controlled nuclear import of a human tRNA synthetase.
85  TyrRS or tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TyrRS (1 time)
2010 Functional replacement of the endogenous tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase-tRNATyr pair by the archaeal tyrosine pair in Escherichia coli for genetic code expansion.
86  TyrRS, which can misacylate tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AspRS (1 time)
2007 Ammonium scanning in an enzyme active site. The chiral specificity of aspartyl-tRNA synthetase.
87  tyrS and analysis of structural differences between tRNA
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Specificity of tRNA-mRNA interactions in Bacillus subtilis tyrS antitermination.
88  tyrS antiterminator with tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 In vitro structure-function studies of the Bacillus subtilis tyrS mRNA antiterminator: evidence for factor-independent tRNA acceptor stem binding specificity.
89  Tyrs by UV resonance Raman (RR) spectroscopy and Fe-O
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Hb (1 time)
MetHb (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2010 Differences in coordination states of substituted tyrosine residues and quaternary structures among hemoglobin M probed by resonance Raman spectroscopy.
90  tyrT transcript, which contains two tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2002 RNase E plays an essential role in the maturation of Escherichia coli tRNA precursors.
91  TyrTS and the acceptor arm of tRNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
TyrTS (1 time)
1989 Structural and kinetic bases for the recognition of tRNATyr by tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase.
92  TyrTS that can charge Escherichia coli tRNA
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Gln (1 time)
TyrTS (1 time)
1990 Recognition of tRNA(Tyr) by tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase.
93  tyrZ gene is functional and recognizes the E. coli tRNA
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Thiobacillus ferrooxidans tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase functions in vivo in Escherichia coli.