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Abbreviation: UA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
uric acid
(3182 times)
Medicine
(272 times)
AA (343 times)
DA (240 times)
BMI (166 times)
1975 Localization of renal tubular uric acid transport defect in gouty chickens.
unstable angina
(822 times)
Cardiology
(344 times)
ACS (244 times)
AMI (185 times)
NSTEMI (181 times)
1982 Changes of human platelets studied by scanning electron microscopy in acute myocardial infarction.
umbilical artery
(509 times)
Obstetrics
(300 times)
PI (158 times)
MCA (153 times)
UV (83 times)
1975 Hormones in human pregnancy. IV. Plasma progesterone.
upper airway
(242 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(72 times)
OSA (77 times)
AHI (25 times)
OSAS (25 times)
1984 Respiratory function of hyoid muscles and hyoid arch.
undifferentiated arthritis
(143 times)
Rheumatology
(116 times)
RA (117 times)
ACPA (15 times)
RF (15 times)
1995 Undifferentiated arthritis in an early synovitis out-patient clinic.
uterine artery
(105 times)
Physiology
(24 times)
PI (14 times)
NO (10 times)
RI (10 times)
1982 Local and systemic effects of intrauterine estradiol-17 beta on luteal function of nonpregnant sows.
urinalysis
(75 times)
Pediatrics
(15 times)
UTI (23 times)
UTIs (9 times)
CBC (8 times)
1990 Microscopic hematuria and calculus-related ureteral obstruction.
uranyl acetate
(58 times)
Nephrology
(10 times)
PT (11 times)
ARF (10 times)
BrdU (9 times)
1965 FINE STRUCTURE OF THE COAT AND NUCLEOID MATERIAL OF FOWLPOX VIRUS.
unicystic ameloblastoma
(53 times)
Dentistry
(18 times)
SMA (8 times)
SA (7 times)
DC (6 times)
1998 Unicystic ameloblastoma. A review of 193 cases from the literature.
10  unstable angina pectoris
(40 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
AMI (14 times)
ACS (12 times)
NSTEMI (11 times)
1985 Operative risk factors associated with unstable angina pectoris.
11  umbilical
(27 times)
Obstetrics
(17 times)
MCA (26 times)
PI (17 times)
CPR (7 times)
1999 Prediction of perinatal outcome in fetuses suspected to have intrauterine growth restriction: Doppler US study of fetal cerebral, renal, and umbilical arteries.
12  united atom
(25 times)
Chemistry
(20 times)
CG (9 times)
MD (9 times)
AA (5 times)
2004 Adsorption of ethylene on graphitized thermal carbon black and in slit pores: a computer simulation study.
13  urinary albumin
(21 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
IR (4 times)
T2DM (4 times)
BMD (3 times)
1991 Albuminuria vs urinary total protein for detecting chronic renal disorders.
14  urolithin A
(21 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
EA (5 times)
ETs (3 times)
UB (3 times)
2010 Effects of fruit ellagitannin extracts, ellagic acid, and their colonic metabolite, urolithin A, on Wnt signaling.
15  ulnar artery
(19 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
RA (16 times)
CABG (2 times)
MN (2 times)
2003 Use of the radial artery for hemodialysis access.
16  ultrasonic agitation
(17 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
AA (1 time)
aNPCs (1 time)
AOR (1 time)
1992 Viscous cosolvent effect on the ultrasonic absorption of bovine serum albumin.
17  urinary amylase
(16 times)
Transplantation
(9 times)
Cr (4 times)
PG (4 times)
PTA (3 times)
1987 Experimental and clinical experience with urine amylase monitoring for early diagnosis of rejection in pancreas transplantation.
18  ultrasound-assisted
(11 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
XRD (3 times)
SCO2 (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2011 Comparison of the performance of conventional, temperature-controlled, and ultrasound-assisted ionic liquid dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction combined with high-performance liquid chromatography in analyzing pyrethroid pesticides in honey samples.
19  undecylenic acid
(11 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
2,5-DBE (1 time)
AbAf iCs (1 time)
CHA (1 time)
1999 Effect of undecylenic acid as a topical microbicide against genital herpes infection in mice and guinea pigs.
20  ursodeoxycholic acid
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
JA (6 times)
BA (4 times)
AMs (2 times)
2003 [Effectiveness of ursodeoxycholic acid in cholesterosis of the gallbladder].
21  uterine activity
(11 times)
Perinatology
(4 times)
FHR (3 times)
CTG (2 times)
AR (1 time)
1991 Comparison of plasma oxytocin and catecholamine concentrations with uterine activity in pregnant rhesus monkeys.
22  urate
(10 times)
Rheumatic Diseases
(3 times)
AA (3 times)
ADO (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
1977 Effect of splanchnicotomy on the renal excretion of uric acid in anaesthetized dogs.
23  urban agriculture
(10 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
Cd (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
Ni (1 time)
2007 Overview on urban and peri-urban agriculture: definition, impact on human health, constraints and policy issues.
24  urban area
(10 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
RA (6 times)
MA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1991 Surface IgE and phagocytic activity of eosinophils from patients with American cutaneous leishmaniasis: relation to cell density.
25  urease
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
CA (3 times)
APA (2 times)
ASA (2 times)
2008 The effects of heavy metal pollution on enzyme activities and basal soil respiration of roadside soils.
26  univariate analysis
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
MA (3 times)
HbA1c (2 times)
MVA (2 times)
2007 Establishing an association between a peri-operative perfusion score system (PerfSCORE) and post-operative patient morbidity/mortality during CPB cardiac surgery.
27  upper arm
(8 times)
Family Practice
(1 time)
BP (3 times)
FA (2 times)
FD (2 times)
2003 Perceptual integration of intramuscular electrical stimulation in the focal and the referred pain area in healthy humans.
28  urine analysis
(8 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
CBC (2 times)
MI (2 times)
UTI (2 times)
1997 Preoperative laboratory testing in children undergoing elective surgery: analysis of current practice.
29  umbilical arterial blood
(7 times)
Gynecology
(6 times)
UV (6 times)
MV (2 times)
d2-E2 (1 time)
1978 Fetal contribution to oxytocin in human labor.
30  uncomplicated appendicitis
(7 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
CA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
AEA (1 time)
2012 Laparoscopic versus open appendectomy for complicated and uncomplicated appendicitis in children.
31  uncontrolled asthma
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
CA (5 times)
PAQLQ (4 times)
C-ACT (2 times)
2009 Identifying uncontrolled asthma in young children: clinical scores or objective variables?
32  University of Arizona
(7 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
ASU (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
NIN (1 time)
1989 Mexico, maquiladoras, and occupational medicine training.
33  urease activity
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
MBC (2 times)
SBM (2 times)
ACP (1 time)
1997 Effect of temperature of wet extrusion on the nutritional value of full-fat soyabeans for broiler chickens.
34  urinary aldosterone
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PRA (6 times)
BP (3 times)
PA (3 times)
1980 Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in arterial hypertension.
35  usual activities
(7 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
AD (5 times)
MO (5 times)
PD (4 times)
2009 [Quality of life analysis in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator].
36  ulipristal acetate
(6 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
ECP (1 time)
GnRH (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2012 Ulipristal acetate: a novel option for the medical management of symptomatic uterine fibroids.
37  unclassified arthritis
(6 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
RA (3 times)
FAP (1 time)
MMPs (1 time)
2011 Combining anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide with the American College of Rheumatology 1987 criteria failed to improve early rheumatoid arthritis diagnosis in the community-based very early arthritis cohort.
38  universal adhesive
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
ABU (1 time)
ASMP Bond (1 time)
CSEB (1 time)
2016 Effect of Storage Time on Bond Strength and Nanoleakage Expression of Universal Adhesives Bonded to Dentin and Etched Enamel.
39  unmeasured anions
(6 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AG (3 times)
CAA (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
1978 CSF HCO3- regulation in isosmotic conditions: the role of brain PCO2 and plasma HCO3-.
40  unruptured aneurysms
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
OR (3 times)
SAH (3 times)
mRS (2 times)
1993 Importance of cerebral pan-angiography for detection of multiple aneurysms in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage.
41  ultrasound assisted solvent
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
SOL (3 times)
SP (2 times)
SP-UA (2 times)
2006 Ultrasound assisted extraction in quantifying lutein from chicken liver using high-performance liquid chromatography.
42  umbilical cord artery
(5 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
MCA (2 times)
PI (2 times)
RI (2 times)
2000 [Relationship between Doppler velocimetry at middle cerebral artery and umbilical artery and status of newborn].
43  uncertainty analysis
(5 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BIP (1 time)
DOE (1 time)
GSA (1 time)
1996 Changes in EEG order in neuroleptically treated normal volunteers during a voluntary movement task.
44  unexplained anemia
(5 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
ACD (2 times)
5-year FU (1 time)
ACI (1 time)
2004 Prevalence of anemia in persons 65 years and older in the United States: evidence for a high rate of unexplained anemia.
45  universal array
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
LDR (5 times)
SNP (2 times)
cULS (1 time)
2004 Polymorphism analysis within the HLA-A locus by universal oligonucleotide array.
46  unstable
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
SA (5 times)
DA (2 times)
FAI (2 times)
1987 [Newly developed stenocardia: various clinical characteristics of its stable and unstable course].
47  urethane acrylate
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
2HEA (1 time)
AESO (1 time)
ASTM (1 time)
2010 A microfluidic device with integrated fluorimetric detection for flow injection analysis.
48  uric acid level
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CML (1 time)
HU-TLS (1 time)
IDO1 (1 time)
2013 Relationship between serum uric acid level and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in pre- and postmenopausal women.
49  urinary aldosterone excretion
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
PRA (4 times)
BP (2 times)
PA (2 times)
1975 Suppression of renin and aldosterone by small amounts of DOCA in normal man.
50  urinary antigen
(5 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CAP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1982 Relationship between circulating immune complexes and urinary antigens in human malignancy.
51  uncertainty avoidance
(4 times)
Personnel Management
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
CFC (1 time)
ECDC (1 time)
2012 Factors influencing intention to undergo whole genome screening in future healthcare: a single-blind parallel-group randomised trial.
52  undecanoic acid
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
CD (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2003 Bestowing antifungal and antibacterial activities by lipophilic acid conjugation to D,L-amino acid-containing antimicrobial peptides: a plausible mode of action.
53  unilateral adrenalectomy
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
CS (3 times)
PBMAH (2 times)
APA (1 time)
2015 An analysis of different therapeutic options in patients with Cushing's syndrome due to bilateral macronodular adrenal hyperplasia: a single-centre experience.
54  ustilagic acid
(4 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
SDR (1 time)
UAS (1 time)
2007 A biosynthetic gene cluster for a secreted cellobiose lipid with antifungal activity from Ustilago maydis.
55  usual aging
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
MCI (4 times)
SA (4 times)
AD (1 time)
2005 [Heterogeneity of aging brain: a preliminary comparative study of functional magnetic resonance imaging in elderly people].
56  unaffected
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AF (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
ARI (1 time)
2002 Insulin resistance in the sisters of women with polycystic ovary syndrome: association with hyperandrogenemia rather than menstrual irregularity.
57  undifferentiated inflammatory arthritis
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
RA (3 times)
anti-CCP (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2003 Bacterial components in the synovial tissue of patients with advanced rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis: analysis with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and pan-bacterial polymerase chain reaction.
58  Univariate
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
MA (2 times)
CR (1 time)
OS (1 time)
1995 Influence of three factors on the diagnostic effectiveness of transthoracic needle aspiration in pneumonia.
59  unruptured intracranial aneurysms
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
MMP (1 time)
OPN (1 time)
PINCH (1 time)
1988 Unruptured intracranial aneurysms: an assessment of the annual risk of rupture based on epidemiological and clinical data.
60  upper abdomen
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
LA (2 times)
AOC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1994 Epidural analgesia versus intravenous patient-controlled analgesia. Differences in the postoperative course of cancer patients.
61  urea
(3 times)
Animals
(1 time)
8-oxoG (1 time)
AA (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2005 Urea lesion formation in DNA as a consequence of 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine oxidation and hydrolysis provides a potent source of point mutations.
62  urine albumin concentration
(3 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
UAE (1 time)
UAER (1 time)
1988 Side-room tests to screen for microalbuminuria in diabetes mellitus.
63  Urmia Aquifer
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
UL (3 times)
HFE (2 times)
SI (2 times)
2016 Investigating the salinization and freshening processes of coastal groundwater resources in Urmia aquifer, NW Iran.
64  user's accuracy
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
PA (3 times)
HDSTAFM (1 time)
IAIN (1 time)
2018 Early-season crop mapping using improved artificial immune network (IAIN) and Sentinel data.
65  antioxidant-uric acid
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SOD (1 time)
TAS (1 time)
WBCT (1 time)
2006 Kinetics of ozone reaction with uric acid, ascorbic acid, and glutathione at physiologically relevant conditions.
66  U 11-100 A
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
E2-17 alpha (1 time)
IP (1 time)
1979 Oestrogen-induced increase in uterine cGMP content: a true hormonal action?
67  U-11,100A
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
1975 Antiestrogen action in the uterus: biological ineffectiveness of nuclear bound estradiol after antiestrogen.
68  Ukraine
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
LT (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2015 Air pollution by allergenic spores of the genus Alternaria in the air of central and eastern Europe.
69  ulcerative appendicitis
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
UC (2 times)
1994 Appendiceal involvement as a skip lesion in ulcerative colitis.
70  ultrasonic arteriography
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CPA (1 time)
OPG (1 time)
OPG-K (1 time)
1979 Noninvasive diagnosis of extracranial carotid arterial disease: a prospective evaluation of pulsed-Doppler imaging and oculoplethysmography.
71  ultrasonic-assisted extraction
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
EA (2 times)
HW (2 times)
CPs (1 time)
2018 Physicochemical properties and activities of comfrey polysaccharides extracted by different techniques.
72  ultrasound arthroscopy
(2 times)
Arthroscopy
(2 times)
US (1 time)
2015 Diagnosis of Knee Osteochondral Lesions With Ultrasound Imaging.
73  unanesthetized
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
LDT (1 time)
1989 Effects of central nervous system-acting drugs on urinary bladder contraction in unanesthetized rats.
74  Underlying Approach
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Alignment-free phylogeny of whole genomes using underlying subwords.
75  Union Army
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
HL (1 time)
MSK (1 time)
2002 Evolution of disability in late 19th century America: Civil War pensions for Union Army veterans with musculoskeletal conditions.
76  unit assembly
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
TALE (2 times)
DSBs (1 time)
TALEN (1 time)
2013 [A protocol for TALEN construction and gene targeting in zebrafish].
77  University of Alabama
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NIH (1 time)
RAMS (1 time)
2011 The legacy of the Alaska Siberia Medical Research Program: a historical perspective.
78  unlinked anonymous
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
STD (1 time)
1999 Surveillance for the impact in the UK of HIV epidemics in South Asia.
79  Unmanned Aircraft
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
MACs (1 time)
2016 GDTN: Genome-Based Delay Tolerant Network Formation in Heterogeneous 5G Using Inter-UA Collaboration.
80  unmitigated agency
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
AG (1 time)
CM (1 time)
FFM (1 time)
2006 Distinctions among agency, communion, and unmitigated agency and communion according to the interpersonal circumplex, Five-factor model, and social-emotional correlates.
81  unprotected anal
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
MSM (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2009 Gay identity-related factors and sexual risk among men who have sex with men in San Francisco.
82  unspecified arthritis
(2 times)
Musculoskeletal Diseases
(1 time)
PsA (1 time)
RA (1 time)
ReA (1 time)
2007 Frequency of recent parvovirus infection in patients examined for acute reactive arthritis. A study with combinatorial parvovirus serodiagnostics.
83  Upper Airways
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
GS (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2001 [Surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: from palatopharyngeal surgery to multilevel surgical reconstruction of the pharynx. Basis, results and future perspectives].
84  upper-alpha
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
EEG (2 times)
NF (1 time)
NFT (1 time)
2015 Influence of electroencephalography neurofeedback training on episodic memory: a randomized, sham-controlled, double-blind study.
85  urban
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
RA (2 times)
TBD (1 time)
UNA (1 time)
2013 Serosurvey of tick-borne pathogens in dogs from urban and rural areas from Parana State, Brazil.
86  urea acid
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BUN (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
BALP (1 time)
2017 Supplementation with Hualian No. 4 wild bitter gourd (Momordica charantia Linn. var. abbreviata ser.) extract increases anti-fatigue activities and enhances exercise performance in mice.
87  urea alone
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DMPP (1 time)
DP (1 time)
JX (1 time)
2008 Effect of nitrification inhibitor DMPP on nitrogen leaching, nitrifying organisms, and enzyme activities in a rice-oilseed rape cropping system.
88  urethral atresia
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
LA (1 time)
LUTO (1 time)
1998 Long-term survival in a patient with congenital laryngeal atresia and multiple malformations.
89  uric acid stones
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
CaOX (1 time)
2001 Role of the diurnal variation of urinary pH and urinary calcium in urolithiasis: a study in outpatients.
90  urinanalysis
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
APN (1 time)
DMSA (1 time)
1994 The value of urinalysis in differentiating acute pyelonephritis from lower urinary tract infection in febrile infants.
91  urinary abnormalities
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
ANS (2 times)
GN (2 times)
NS (2 times)
2004 The Italian experience of the national registry of renal biopsies.
92  urinary acidic antigen
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
--- 1980 A new lymphocyte surface protein present in normal urine. I. Isolation and physicochemical properties.
93  urinary antispasmodic
(2 times)
Pharmaceutical Services
(1 time)
AChEIs (1 time)
AD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2014 Concomitant use of acetylcholine esterase inhibitors and urinary antispasmodics among Finnish community-dwelling persons with Alzheimer disease.
94  ustiloxin A
(2 times)
Toxins, Biological
(1 time)
FSBs (1 time)
LFIAs (1 time)
mAbs (1 time)
2017 Development of Colloidal Gold-Based Lateral Flow Immunoassay for Rapid Qualitative and SemiQuantitative Analysis of Ustiloxins A and B in Rice Samples.
95  usual aftercare
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
TC (1 time)
2016 Oxford recovery housing: Length of stay correlated with improved outcomes for women previously involved with the criminal justice system.
96  uterine atony
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
AOR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2014 Risk factors for obstetric morbidity in patients with uterine atony undergoing caesarean delivery.
97  uterus area
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
dpi (1 time)
EPG (1 time)
2001 Developmental differences in the uterus of Fasciola hepatica between livestock liver fluke populations from Bolivian highlands and European lowlands.
98  1-undecen-10-al
(1 time)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
PEGMA (1 time)
PEI (1 time)
polymer-FONs (1 time)
2017 Facile synthesis of polymeric fluorescent organic nanoparticles based on the self-polymerization of dopamine for biological imaging.
99  10-undecenoic acid zinc salt
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
RdRp (1 time)
ZIKV (1 time)
2019 Identification and characterization of Zika virus NS5 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase inhibitors.
100  acid unfolded
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ANS (1 time)
MG (1 time)
mSB (1 time)
2006 Studies on the acid unfolded and molten globule states of catalytically active stem bromelain: a comparison with catalytically inactive form.