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Abbreviation: UG
Appearance Frequency: 483 time(s)
Long forms: 121

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
ultimatum game
(108 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
DG (8 times)
FRN (8 times)
ERP (6 times)
2004 The neural correlates of theory of mind within interpersonal interactions.
uteroglobin
(70 times)
Molecular Biology
(14 times)
FN (7 times)
IgA (5 times)
hUG (4 times)
1980 Possible mechanism of success of an allotransplantation in nature: mammalian pregnancy.
undergraduate
(38 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
PG (19 times)
NOSM (2 times)
PSS (2 times)
2001 Redefining emergency medicine procedures: Canadian competence and frequency survey.
universal goniometer
(21 times)
Rehabilitation
(6 times)
ROM (9 times)
ICC (5 times)
ICCs (5 times)
1991 Reliability of measurements of cervical spine range of motion--comparison of three methods.
uveitic glaucoma
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
IOP (12 times)
MMC (5 times)
AGV (4 times)
2008 Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation in uveitic glaucoma versus open-angle glaucoma patients.
unleaded gasoline
(18 times)
Toxicology
(9 times)
TMP (7 times)
LI (4 times)
PROD (4 times)
1986 Assessment of unscheduled and replicative DNA synthesis in hepatocytes treated in vivo and in vitro with unleaded gasoline or 2,2,4-trimethylpentane.
ultrasound-guided
(14 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
VAS (3 times)
CI (2 times)
LM (2 times)
1991 Ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of neck nodes.
urogenital
(11 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
GI (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
AEM (1 time)
1982 Autonomic innervation of the urogenital system: adrenergic and cholinergic elements.
ultrasound guidance
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
CI (3 times)
RR (2 times)
AROM (1 time)
2005 Ultrasound guidance during central venous catheterization: a survey of use by house staff physicians.
10  universal grammar
(9 times)
Biology
(3 times)
fMRI (1 time)
OT (1 time)
PoS (1 time)
1990 A computational learning model for metrical phonology.
11  Urogastrone
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
EGF (2 times)
AE (1 time)
ATR (1 time)
1979 Conversion of high molecular weight human epidermal growth factor (hEGF)/urogastrone (UG) to small molecular weight hEGF/UG by mouse EGF-associated arginine esterase.
12  urethrogenital
(6 times)
Brain
(3 times)
nPGi (2 times)
ChAT (1 time)
DLH (1 time)
1994 Stimulation of the hypothalamus initiates the urethrogenital reflex in male rats.
13  unilateral group
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
BG (5 times)
AF (1 time)
CG (1 time)
2003 Clinical differences in patients with unilateral hippocampal sclerosis and unitemporal or bitemporal epileptiform discharges.
14  urine glucose
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
2hPG (2 times)
FBG (2 times)
FPG (2 times)
1989 Effects of precryopreservation culture on survival of rat islets transplanted after slow cooling and rapid thawing.
15  Uganda
(4 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
HAdV-D (2 times)
TZ (2 times)
CAR (1 time)
2012 Incidence of major clinical outcomes in a cohort of Ugandan and Zimbabwean women with HIV-1 infection followed from seroconversion.
16  unidirectional growth
(4 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
SER (3 times)
NM (2 times)
IN (1 time)
2006 A novel method for estimating linkage maps.
17  undergraduate midwifery students
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
PG (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2000 [Nutritional status and problems with obesity in relation to educational status in young people in the Czech Republic].
18  underground
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
AG (1 time)
CPI (1 time)
MTR (1 time)
1999 Determinants of power-frequency magnetic fields in residences located away from overhead power lines.
19  uroguanylin
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
cGMP (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
GC-C (1 time)
2003 The permissive effect of zinc deficiency on uroguanylin and inducible nitric oxide synthase gene upregulation in rat intestine induced by interleukin 1alpha is rapidly reversed by zinc repletion.
20  Ufi Gel P
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
DF (1 time)
DS (1 time)
2014 Surface roughness of acrylic and silicone-based soft liners: in vivo study in a rat model.
21  ultrathin graphite
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
AW (1 time)
EP (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2011 Graphene-based engine oil nanofluids for tribological applications.
22  un-grazed
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HG (1 time)
LG (1 time)
MG (1 time)
2014 Response of vegetation and soil carbon and nitrogen storage to grazing intensity in semi-arid grasslands in the agro-pastoral zone of northern china.
23  uncomplicated gonorrhea
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DGI (2 times)
pgtA (2 times)
PV (2 times)
2002 Implications of phase variation of a gene (pgtA) encoding a pilin galactosyl transferase in gonococcal pathogenesis.
24  uncomplicated grief
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CG (2 times)
2008 Complicated grief and uncomplicated grief are distinguishable constructs.
25  undergraduate students
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
ABI (1 time)
GS (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2007 Oral histories: bridging misconceptions and reality in brain injury recovery.
26  unfavorable group
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
FG (2 times)
CR (1 time)
HL (1 time)
1988 Postoperative abdominopelvic radiation therapy for ovarian cancer.
27  ungerminated
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
Abs (1 time)
GIA (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2004 A microtiter fluorometric assay to detect the germination of Bacillus anthracis spores and the germination inhibitory effects of antibodies.
28  Unigraphics
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
FEA (1 time)
2007 [Reconstruction and analysis of three-dimensional finite element model of human middle ear].
29  unique green
(2 times)
Vision, Ocular
(1 time)
--- 1977 The locus of unique green in deuteranomalous trichromats.
30  universal plastic goniometer
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EG (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2006 Comparison of measurements obtained by use of an electrogoniometer and a universal plastic goniometer for the assessment of joint motion in dogs.
31  University of Gothenburg
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1984 Use of questionnaires in occupational studies of pregnancy outcome.
32  unlocking group
(2 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
DG (1 time)
LG (1 time)
SG (1 time)
2016 Is distal locking with short intramedullary nails necessary in stable pertrochanteric fractures? A prospective, multicentre, randomised study.
33  unstable group
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AG (1 time)
DS (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2016 Differences in leg muscle activity and body sway between elderly adults able and unable to maintain one-leg stance for 1min: the effect of hand support.
34  unsuccessful group
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
SG (2 times)
CT (1 time)
DLT (1 time)
2017 Difficulty in inserting left double-lumen endobronchial tubes at the cricoid level in small-statured women: A retrospective study.
35  untreated group
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
TG (2 times)
CG (1 time)
EPG (1 time)
2009 Variations of jitter and shimmer among women in menacme and postmenopausal women.
36  up-and-go
(2 times)
Dementia
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CSR (1 time)
MT (1 time)
2005 Disability and walking capacity in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: association with sensorimotor function, balance, and functional performance.
37  upper Guinea
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
LG (2 times)
AFLP (1 time)
coI (1 time)
2017 Pleistocene refugia and genetic diversity patterns in West Africa: Insights from the liana Chasmanthera dependens (Menispermaceae).
38  urogenital-ridge
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AGM (2 times)
HSCs (2 times)
BM (1 time)
2002 Stromal cells from murine embryonic aorta-gonad-mesonephros region, liver and gut mesentery expand human umbilical cord blood-derived CAFC(week6) in extended long-term cultures.
39  urography
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
US (2 times)
1988 Ultrasonography versus excretory urography: value in urological disease.
40  urogynecologist
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
LA (1 time)
LC (1 time)
NCA (1 time)
2007 The cost of urogynaecological treatments: which are more cost-effective?
41  usual care group
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
IG (2 times)
AECOPD (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2004 High rates of sustained smoking cessation in women hospitalized with cardiovascular disease: the Women's Initiative for Nonsmoking (WINS).
42  uterine glands
(2 times)
Embryology
(2 times)
IHC (2 times)
BEGC (1 time)
BGEC (1 time)
2015 Changes in endometrial ezrin and cytokeratin 18 expression during bovine implantation and in caruncular endometrial spheroids in vitro.
43  beta-urogastrone
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
hEGF (1 time)
HMW (1 time)
SMW (1 time)
1979 Conversion of high molecular weight human epidermal growth factor (hEGF)/urogastrone (UG) to small molecular weight hEGF/UG by mouse EGF-associated arginine esterase.
44  gastric ulcer
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
UD (1 time)
1983 [Effects of intragastric calcium on gastric acid secretion and release of gastrin in normal man and in various pathological cases].
45  gonococcal urethritis
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
STD (1 time)
1998 [Survey of sexually transmitted diseases in the region of Rio Cuarto].
46  granular UASB
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FB (1 time)
VHPR (1 time)
2018 Biohydrogen production at pH below 3.0: Is it possible?
47  near-UV/Green
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CBCRs (1 time)
PCB (1 time)
2017 Hydrophobic Residues near the Bilin Chromophore-Binding Pocket Modulate Spectral Tuning of Insert-Cys Subfamily Cyanobacteriochromes.
48  U. ghattensis
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EV (1 time)
UA (1 time)
UL (1 time)
2016 A Validated HPTLC Densitometric Method for Simultaneous Determination of Evernic and Usnic Acids in Four Usnea Species and Comparison of Their Antioxidant Potential.
49  Ufi gel hard()
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
HRRs (1 time)
MF-MA (1 time)
2016 Surface treatment with methyl formate-methyl acetate increased the shear bond strength between reline resins and denture base resin.
50  ulinastatin group
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
aTreg (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
2013 Urinary trypsin inhibitor attenuated inflammatory response of patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass by inducing activated Treg cells.
51  ulnar groove
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
ECU (1 time)
GOA (1 time)
USP (1 time)
2018 Anthropometric and clinical analysis of the distal ulna and extensor carpi ulnaris tendon using MRI.
52  ultragriseofulvin
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
PEE (1 time)
1998 Use of propolis and ultragriseofulvin to inhibit aflatoxigenic fungi.
53  ultrasongraphy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
TNB (1 time)
1996 [The clinical characteristics and surgical treatment of giant mediastinal tumors: an analysis of 140 cases].
54  ultrasonic group
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
GICs (1 time)
LG (1 time)
2012 Influence of ultrasound or halogen light on microleakage and hardness of enamel adjacent to glass ionomer cement.
55  ultrasonography-guided
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
EG (1 time)
SNB (1 time)
2013 Ultrasonography- or electrophysiology-guided suprascapular nerve block in arthroscopic acromioplasty: a prospective, double-blind, parallel-group, randomized controlled study of efficacy.
56  Umbilical granuloma
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2001 Umbilical granuloma: a new approach to an old problem.
57  unacylated ghrelin
(1 time)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
AG (1 time)
BAI (1 time)
BDI (1 time)
2017 The Relationship between Ghrelin and Copeptin Levels, and Anxiety and Depression Levels in Suicide Attempts.
58  unaware group
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 2008 The attitude and knowledge of cervical cancer by Cameroonian women; a clinical survey conducted in Maroua, the capital of Far North Province of Cameroon.
59  Uncaria guianensis
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
UT (1 time)
2002 Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of cat's claw (Uncaria tomentosa and Uncaria guianensis) are independent of their alkaloid content.
60  uncatheterized group
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
UTI (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of the use vs nonuse of urinary catheterization during cesarean delivery: a prospective, multicenter, randomized controlled trial.
61  uncontrolled Graves
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
EUG (1 time)
FT4 (1 time)
2018 Comparison of Intra-Operative Vital Sign Changes during Total Thyroidectomy in Patients with Controlled and Uncontrolled Graves' Disease.
62  undergraduate degree
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
BASIC (1 time)
EP (1 time)
IC (1 time)
1999 Credentialing, diversity, and professional recognition-foundations for an Australian infection control career path.
63  undergraduate-entry
(1 time)
Education, Medical
(1 time)
GE (1 time)
UCC (1 time)
UK (1 time)
2014 Attitudes towards professionalism in graduate and non-graduate entrants to medical school.
64  Undiacritized Grapheme
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ASR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2016 Heterophonic speech recognition using composite phones.
65  uneven ground
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
BBS (1 time)
CBMS (1 time)
PEQ (1 time)
2015 Understanding dynamic stability from pelvis accelerometer data and the relationship to balance and mobility in transtibial amputees.
66  unfavorable outcome group
(1 time)
Central Nervous System
(1 time)
FG (1 time)
SAH (1 time)
2010 Aneurysmal rebleeding : factors associated with clinical outcome in the rebleeding patients.
67  unfavorable risk group
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FG (1 time)
IG (1 time)
2008 [Conformal radiotherapy to 76Gy in localized prostate cancer. Therapeutic modalities and preliminary results].
68  unfit group
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
GPx (1 time)
HFG (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2015 Influence of physical fitness on antioxidant activity and malondialdehyde level in healthy older adults.
69  ungated
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CNR (1 time)
GRANGE (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2015 Pulmonary imaging using respiratory motion compensated simultaneous PET/MR.
70  ungated imaging
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
QF3 (1 time)
RG (1 time)
2016 Evaluation of a new motion correction algorithm in PET/CT: combining the entire acquired PET data to create a single three-dimensional motion-corrected PET/CT image.
71  ungraded
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
GRADE (1 time)
PEEP (1 time)
2013 Surviving sepsis campaign: international guidelines for management of severe sepsis and septic shock: 2012.
72  ungrafted
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
SG (1 time)
2016 Effects of grafting on the cadmium accumulation characteristics of the potential Cd-hyperaccumulator Solanum photeinocarpum.
73  ungroupable
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
DNA (1 time)
1964 INTRASPECIFIC AND INTERSPECIFIC TRANSFORMATION IN STREPTOCOCCI.
74  Uni-Gold
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
DT (1 time)
RDTs (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of Performance of Two Rapid Tests for Detection of HIV-1 and -2 in High- and Low-Prevalence Populations in Nigeria.
75  Uni-Gold Recombigen HIV rapid assay
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
EIA (1 time)
S/LS (1 time)
2003 Improved classification of recent HIV-1 infection by employing a two-stage sensitive/less-sensitive test strategy.
76  Unigold
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
PS (1 time)
QV (1 time)
2005 Validation of four Helicobacter pylori rapid blood tests in a multi-ethnic Asian population.
77  unilateral lunge group
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
CMJ (1 time)
COD90d (1 time)
2018 The effects of unilateral and bilateral eccentric overload training on hypertrophy, muscle power and COD performance, and its determinants, in team sport players.
78  uninodular group
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
DL (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
MG (1 time)
2015 Patients with multiple nodules and a dominant lung adenocarcinoma have similar outcomes and survival compared with patients who have a solitary adenocarcinoma.
79  unit gravity
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EAE (1 time)
MBP (1 time)
MMG (1 time)
2011 Modeled microgravity suppressed expansion of the MBP-specific T lymphocytes of rats with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
80  universal genes
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GBM (1 time)
2015 Integrated analysis of genome-wide DNA methylation, gene expression and protein expression profiles in molecular subtypes of WHO II-IV gliomas.
81  universal grammatical
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
--- 2016 Commentary: "An Evaluation of Universal Grammar and the Phonological Mind"-UG Is Still a Viable Hypothesis.
82  universal principles of grammar
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2003 Broca's area and the language instinct.
83  University of Geneva
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
UAS (1 time)
2018 Interprofessional training: Start with the youngest! A program for undergraduate healthcare students in Geneva, Switzerland.
84  University of Guelph
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
SBM (1 time)
TME (1 time)
1981 True metabolizable energy values of a number of feedingstuffs and complete diets as determined in two laboratories.
85  unloaded gait
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2015 A dynamical systems analysis of assisted and unassisted anterior and posterior hand-held load carriage.
86  unscreened group
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
DRE (1 time)
PSA (1 time)
SG (1 time)
2004 Clinical consequences of screening for prostate cancer: 15 years follow-up of a randomised controlled trial in Sweden.
87  unsupervised group
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
BPI (1 time)
CG (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2019 Pain and Quality of Life in Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus Type 1-Associated Myelopathy or Tropical Spastic Paraparesis After Home-Based Exercise Protocol: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
88  unsupplemented group
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
DHA (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
2017 Oral fish oil positively influences nutritional-inflammatory risk in patients with haematological malignancies during chemotherapy with an impact on long-term survival: a randomised clinical trial.
89  untrained group
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
DHEA (1 time)
FT (1 time)
SG (1 time)
2008 Hormonal responses to resistance exercise in long-term trained and untrained middle-aged men.
90  untreated gelatin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AG (1 time)
2017 Gelatin based bio-films prepared from grey triggerfish' skin influenced by enzymatic pretreatment.
91  unused grassland
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
QM (1 time)
2015 Temporal variations in soil moisture for three typical vegetation types in inner Mongolia, northern China.
92  Up & Go
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
BS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2005 Effect of home-based well-rounded exercise in community-dwelling older adults.
93  up group
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
DE (1 time)
DG (1 time)
HGD (1 time)
2017 Transcriptome analysis of ruminal epithelia revealed potential regulatory mechanisms involved in host adaptation to gradual high fermentable dietary transition in beef cattle.
94  up-and-go test
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
BT (1 time)
CMJ (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2014 High-speed resistance training is more effective than low-speed resistance training to increase functional capacity and muscle performance in older women.
95  upland semi-natural grassland
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BWG (1 time)
DM (1 time)
LG (1 time)
2015 Methane emissions from beef cattle grazing on semi-natural upland and improved lowland grasslands.
96  upper end of the glenoid
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
LG (1 time)
2019 The critical shoulder angle: can it be sufficient to reflect the shoulder joint without the humeral head?
97  upper glycolysis
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
PFK (1 time)
XR (1 time)
2015 Identification of novel metabolic interactions controlling carbon flux from xylose to ethanol in natural and recombinant yeasts.
98  Upper group
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CCT (1 time)
HNQOL (1 time)
LG (1 time)
2018 Omitting the lower neck and sparing the glottic larynx in node-negative nasopharyngeal carcinoma was safe and feasible, and improved patient-reported voice outcomes.
99  upward growth
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DG (1 time)
LG (1 time)
MP (1 time)
2002 Colorectal carcinoma with special reference to growth pattern classifications: clinicopathologic characteristics and genetic changes.
100  Uraba Gulf
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
FLH (1 time)
GP (1 time)
MODIS (1 time)
2018 Algal blooms detection in Colombian Caribbean Sea using MODIS imagery.