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Abbreviation: UL
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Long forms: 193

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
upper limb
(251 times)
Rehabilitation
(86 times)
LL (46 times)
UCP (9 times)
CI (8 times)
1985 Ultrasonic systolic blood pressure gradient between upper and lower limbs in normal term Chinese neonates.
upper intake level
(130 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(78 times)
EAR (36 times)
AI (20 times)
RDA (16 times)
1998 Dietary Reference Intakes: the new basis for recommendations for calcium and related nutrients, B vitamins, and choline.
unilateral labyrinthectomy
(120 times)
Neurology
(43 times)
MVN (26 times)
SN (17 times)
NMDA (8 times)
1987 Neural activity, alertness and visual orientation in intact and unilaterally labyrinthectomized rabbits.
uterine leiomyoma
(110 times)
Neoplasms
(25 times)
CI (9 times)
IRRs (6 times)
MED12 (6 times)
1992 [Quantification of deoxyribonucleic acid and collagen as biological markers in uterine leiomyoma].
unique long
(52 times)
Virology
(37 times)
US (18 times)
HSV-1 (14 times)
HCMV (8 times)
1984 Deletions in the genomes of pseudorabies virus vaccine strains and existence of four isomers of the genomes.
unilateral
(37 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
BL (28 times)
EMG (7 times)
ECT (5 times)
1988 Temporary postthyroidectomy hypocalcemia.
ultra-large
(24 times)
Hematology
(19 times)
vWF (23 times)
TTP (5 times)
AP (3 times)
2002 ADAMTS-13 rapidly cleaves newly secreted ultralarge von Willebrand factor multimers on the endothelial surface under flowing conditions.
urolithiasis
(17 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
BPH (2 times)
UTIs (2 times)
VDR (2 times)
1977 Urolithiasis associated with hypercalciuria.
upper layer
(16 times)
Anatomy
(4 times)
DL (4 times)
PS (2 times)
A. donax (1 time)
1981 Rat C-6 glioma cells maintained in an organ culture system: a study of kinetic parameters.
10  unusually large
(15 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
vWF (15 times)
TTP (9 times)
TMA (4 times)
1993 Abnormalities of von Willebrand factor multimers in drug-associated thrombotic microangiopathies.
11  upper level of intake
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
HOI (6 times)
OSL (6 times)
AI (1 time)
2003 Micronutrient supplementation: when is best and why?
12  upper level
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
RDA (3 times)
DRIs (2 times)
EAR (2 times)
1998 Spike responses of sympathetic vertebral nerve activities during stimulation of the pressor dorsomedial and rostral ventrolateral medulla differ in cats.
13  unique long region
(8 times)
Virology
(6 times)
ILTV (2 times)
ORFs (2 times)
VZV (2 times)
1991 Gallid herpesvirus 1 (infectious laryngotracheitis virus): cloning and physical maps of the SA-2 strain.
14  unlicensed
(8 times)
Therapeutics
(3 times)
OL (8 times)
ADEs (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2010 Off-label and unlicensed medication use and associated adverse drug events in a pediatric emergency department.
15  Upper Intake Levels
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
EAR (5 times)
AI (3 times)
DRIs (2 times)
2003 Vitamins and minerals: a model for safe addition to foods.
16  unloaded
(7 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
3 MT (1 time)
BC (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2004 Reduced sensations of intensity of breathlessness enhances maintenance of intense intermittent exercise.
17  ulna length
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
MUST (3 times)
KH (2 times)
SH (2 times)
2014 Using alternative or direct anthropometric measurements to assess risk for malnutrition in nursing homes.
18  ureter ligated
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
CSF (4 times)
CEZ (1 time)
CFSL (1 time)
1978 Resistance to parathyroid hormone in renal failure: role of vitamin D metabolites.
19  ultimate load
(5 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
BMD (2 times)
BFRs (1 time)
BMC (1 time)
2001 [Effects of intermittent artificial gravity on femur of simulated weightlessness rats].
20  ultralente
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
BG (1 time)
CRA (1 time)
ISA (1 time)
1980 Virtually continuous euglycemia for 5 yr in a labile juvenile-onset diabetic patient under noninvasive closed-loop control.
21  ureteroscopic lithotripsy
(5 times)
Urology
(2 times)
PCNL (2 times)
DJ (1 time)
RIRS (1 time)
1998 Endoscopic management of urolithiasis in the morbidly obese patient.
22  urethral length
(5 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
DO (1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
2002 Female urinary genuine stress incontinence: anatomic considerations at MR imaging of the paravaginal fascia and urethra initial observations.
23  urinary leakage
(5 times)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
RP (2 times)
AS (1 time)
HAs (1 time)
2004 Prevalence of urinary leakage in nulliparous women with respect to physical activity and micturition habits.
24  usual leiomyoma
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
LMS (4 times)
CL (3 times)
BL (2 times)
1999 Expression of steroid receptors, Ki-67, and p53 in uterine leiomyosarcomas.
25  uterine length
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
OR (2 times)
PA (2 times)
AGA (1 time)
1991 Genetic correlations among reproductive traits and uterine dimensions in mice.
26  long unique
(4 times)
Virology
(4 times)
HCMV (1 time)
HSV-2 (1 time)
ICP0 (1 time)
1984 Human cytomegalovirus DNA sequences with homologies to the cellular genome.
27  long unique region
(4 times)
Virology
(4 times)
HSV-1 (2 times)
IRL (2 times)
CHV (1 time)
1988 The complete DNA sequence of the long unique region in the genome of herpes simplex virus type 1.
28  ulinastatin
(4 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
SAP (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1989 Role of PMN elastase on ischemic myocardial injury in evolving myocardial infarction: correlation with clinical parameters and intervention by protease inhibitor ulinastatin.
29  ulnaris lateralis
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
EDC (2 times)
BCAA (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1985 Regulation of protein degradation in chick muscle by several hormones and metabolites.
30  uncertainty limits
(4 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
NBSs (1 time)
2006 Drug costs associated with non-adherence to cholesterol management guidelines for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in an elderly population: the Rotterdam study.
31  Underwriters Laboratories
(4 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
ALH (1 time)
APP (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2000 UL (Underwriters Laboratories) wants you! Facility manager input sought for waste treatment technology standards.
32  unique long segment
(4 times)
Virology
(3 times)
DRL (1 time)
EHV-1 (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
1989 A tandem repeat sequence found in a heterogeneous fragment of UL of herpes simplex virus type 1.
33  University of Louisville
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CPB (1 time)
HLHS (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
1989 Institutionally shared trauma rotations are viable solutions to deficiencies in trauma training.
34  unloading
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
DAVID (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
GH (1 time)
2010 Forty-eight hours of unloading and 24 h of reloading lead to changes in global gene expression patterns related to ubiquitination and oxidative stress in humans.
35  uplink
(4 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DL (3 times)
BWA (1 time)
DDMZM (1 time)
2012 Dynamic subframe allocation for mobile broadband m-health using IEEE 802.16j mobile multihop relay networks.
36  upper lobe
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
LL (3 times)
SI (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2007 Correlation of chest radiograph pattern with genotype, age, and gender in adult cystic fibrosis: a single-center study.
37  upper lumbar
(4 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
LT (2 times)
UT (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
2006 Hyperexcitability of convergent colon and bladder dorsal root ganglion neurons after colonic inflammation: mechanism for pelvic organ cross-talk.
38  upper tolerable intake level
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
EAR (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
NHANES (1 time)
2007 Development of a model for optimal food fortification: vitamin D among adults in Finland.
39  ulnolunate
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
UT (3 times)
ECU (1 time)
SRL (1 time)
1994 Frayed ulno-triquetral and ulno-lunate ligaments as an arthroscopic sign of longstanding triquetro-lunate ligament rupture.
40  ultra-low
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
DAA (1 time)
INSTI (1 time)
2008 Diacetone alcohol, a dispersant solvent, contributes to acute toxicity of a fipronil-based insecticide in a passerine bird.
41  ultradeformable liposomes
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
12-DTMP (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CLT (1 time)
2005 Effect of edge activators on the formation and transfection efficiency of ultradeformable liposomes.
42  University of Limerick
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
COHLS (1 time)
HRSA (1 time)
ITE (1 time)
2008 Graduate medical education in Ireland: a profile of the first cohort of students.
43  Unverricht-Lundborg
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BW (1 time)
CSTB (1 time)
LLRs (1 time)
1997 Sweat gland vacuoles in Unverricht-Lundborg disease.
44  Urmia Lake
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
UA (3 times)
HFE (2 times)
SI (2 times)
2016 Investigating the salinization and freshening processes of coastal groundwater resources in Urmia aquifer, NW Iran.
45  uterosacral ligaments
(3 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
mtDNA (3 times)
POP (3 times)
BMI (1 time)
2009 Low copy number and high 4977 deletion of mitochondrial DNA in uterosacral ligaments are associated with pelvic organ prolapse progression.
46  ubiquitin ligases
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AICAR (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
HTLV-1 (1 time)
2009 AMP-activated protein kinase enhances the expression of muscle-specific ubiquitin ligases despite its activation of IGF-1/Akt signaling in C2C12 myotubes.
47  ulceration
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DLS (1 time)
GC (1 time)
LNM (1 time)
2009 A phase II trial of endoscopic submucosal dissection for mucosal gastric cancer: Japan Clinical Oncology Group Study JCOG0607.
48  unaffected leg
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AL (2 times)
GRF (1 time)
RSP (1 time)
2010 Running-specific prostheses limit ground-force during sprinting.
49  uniformly labeled
(2 times)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 1962 Studies on the metabolic function of branched-chain volatile fatty acids, growth factors for ruminococci. I. Incorporation of isovalerate into leucine.
50  unilamellar liposomes
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
59Fe-DRBC (1 time)
CML (1 time)
DF (1 time)
1981 Liposome-encapsulated desferrioxamine in experimental iron overload.
51  unilateral chemical labyrinthectomy
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
MVN (1 time)
rCGM (1 time)
SN (1 time)
1998 The effects of steroids on vestibular compensation and vestibular nucleus neuronal activity in the guinea pig.
52  University Lake
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
A.R (1 time)
HOCs (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
2002 Volatilization of contaminants from suspended sediment in a water column during dredging.
53  unlicensed drugs
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
OL (2 times)
EPD (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2015 Off-label and unlicensed drug use in children admitted to Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICU).
54  unsaturated lipids
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BMAT (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
PL (1 time)
1987 Mucus protection and airway peroxidation following nitrogen dioxide exposure in the rat.
55  unsensitized lymphocytes
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
RBF (2 times)
VP (2 times)
CR (1 time)
1982 Lymphocyte recruitment, regional blood flow, and vascular permeability at sites of allogeneic cellular interactions.
56  unused land
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ADI (1 time)
Ae. albopictus (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2019 Island soil quality assessment and the relationship between soil quality and land-use type/topography.
57  Unverricht-Lundborg disease
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
PME (2 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
AED (1 time)
1995 Neuropharmacology of progressive myoclonus epilepsy: response to 5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan.
58  upland
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AIVs (1 time)
IAVs (1 time)
LL (1 time)
2017 Identification of Lipid Biomarkers To Discriminate between the Different Production Systems for Asiago PDO Cheese.
59  upper left
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
UR (2 times)
BDR (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
2014 Changes in positive end-expiratory pressure alter the distribution of ventilation within the lung immediately after birth in newborn rabbits.
60  upper limb function
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
DMD (2 times)
SMA (2 times)
2016 [Upper limb functional assessment scale for children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy and Spinal muscular atrophy].
61  upper sample size limit
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BE (2 times)
GMR (1 time)
TSD (1 time)
2013 An insight into the properties of a two-stage design in bioequivalence studies.
62  upper tolerable level
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
EAR (1 time)
2016 What is the safe upper intake level of folic acid for the nervous system? Implications for folic acid fortification policies.
63  urate-lowering
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
sUA (2 times)
AE (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2010 The urate-lowering efficacy and safety of febuxostat in the treatment of the hyperuricemia of gout: the CONFIRMS trial.
64  ureteral leiomyoma
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Leiomyoma of the male urethra: case report and review of the literature.
65  uterine lumen
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
JV (2 times)
UV (2 times)
PHA (1 time)
1984 Mitogenic response of lymphocytes collected from jugular and uterine veins and the uterine lumen of estrous, Day 14 and ovariectomized ewes.
66  (Sn)-to-upper lip line
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
MxOP (1 time)
TVL (1 time)
2000 Assessment of the relationships among posture, maxillomandibular denture complex, and soft-tissue profile of aesthetic adult Korean women.
67  largely unique DNA
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 1981 Epstein-Barr virus DNA. IX. Variation among viral DNAs from producer and nonproducer infected cells.
68  long unique arm
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
US (1 time)
1985 Cloning, sequencing, and functional analysis of oriL, a herpes simplex virus type 1 origin of DNA synthesis.
69  long unique segment
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HSV-1 (1 time)
LAT (1 time)
ORFs (1 time)
1993 Transcriptional analysis of the herpes simplex virus type 1 region containing the TRL/UL junction.
70  long unique sequences
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
HVT (1 time)
MDV (1 time)
TRL and IRL (1 time)
1987 Restriction enzyme map of herpesvirus of turkey DNA and its collinear relationship with Marek's disease virus DNA.
71  U. longissima
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EV (1 time)
UA (1 time)
UG (1 time)
2016 A Validated HPTLC Densitometric Method for Simultaneous Determination of Evernic and Usnic Acids in Four Usnea Species and Comparison of Their Antioxidant Potential.
72  udder length
(1 time)
DPY (1 time)
LF (1 time)
LR (1 time)
2016 Relationship of prepartum udder and teat measurements with subsequent milk production traits in primiparous Nili-Ravi buffaloes.
73  ulcer
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2019 Current indications of endoscopic submucosal dissection for early gastric cancer in Japan.
74  ulcer-like
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
ML (1 time)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
2003 Functional dyspepsia: relationship between clinical subgroups and Helicobacter pylori status in Western Turkey.
75  ulcerated
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
ABS (1 time)
DECas (1 time)
REL (1 time)
2002 Histogenesis and morphogenesis of depressed-type early colorectal carcinoma.
76  Ulcerative laryngitis
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
VHI-10 (1 time)
2018 Characteristics and Voice Outcomes of Ulcerative Laryngitis.
77  ulinastatin lavage
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IU (1 time)
SAP (1 time)
SL (1 time)
2019 Therapeutic effect of ultrasound interventional perirenal catheter-assisted early peripancreatic lavage of protease inhibitoronsevere acute pancreatitis in miniature pigs.
78  ulna bone length
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
KH (1 time)
WC (1 time)
2012 Prediction of standing height among Israeli older adults: results from a national survey.
79  ulnar loops
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
HL (1 time)
LL (1 time)
RL (1 time)
2014 Surnames, geographic altitude, and digital dermatoglyphics in a male population from the province of Jujuy (Argentina).
80  ulnar neuritis
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
CTS (1 time)
1993 Electromyographic study of overuse syndromes in sign language interpreters.
81  ulnar trochlear notch
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
OL (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2005 Genetic evaluation of elbow angles as predictors of elbow dysplasia in German shepherd dogs.
82  ulnar-innervated lateral hand muscle
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ALS (1 time)
CMAP (1 time)
EI (1 time)
2018 Split hand muscle echo intensity index as a reliable imaging marker for differential diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
83  ulnolunate ligament
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
DP (1 time)
ECU (1 time)
MH (1 time)
1995 [Triangular fibrocartilage complex: functional anatomy and histology].
84  ultra light
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
MSS (1 time)
NF (1 time)
PAHs (1 time)
2006 Gas/particle partitioning and yield levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and n-alkanes in the mainstream cigarette smoke of commercial cigarette brands.
85  ultra low tar
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CYP1A1 (1 time)
MGST1 (1 time)
NOE (1 time)
2011 Concentration dependent effects of tobacco particulates from different types of cigarettes on expression of drug metabolizing proteins, and benzo(a)pyrene metabolism in primary normal human oral epithelial cells.
86  UltraFast LabChip
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
NPV (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2018 Evaluation of an UltraFast LabChip V280 assay for detection of toxigenic Clostridium difficile.
87  Ultralente insulin
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2013 Effects of local insulin delivery on subperiosteal angiogenesis and mineralized tissue formation during fracture healing.
88  UltraLink
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
aH (1 time)
VAV (1 time)
2015 Detection of venom after antivenom administration is largely due to bound venom.
89  Ultralow Library Systems
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
Enc (1 time)
FFPES (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2014 A comparison of sperm RNA-seq methods.
90  ultrasonic
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
PNL (1 time)
SDT (1 time)
2014 Comparison of pneumatic, ultrasonic and combination lithotripters in percutaneous nephrolithotripsy.
91  ultrasonic lateral
(1 time)
Dental Restoration, Permanent
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
WV (1 time)
2016 Quality of root canal fillings using three gutta-percha obturation techniques.
92  ultrasonic lithotriptor
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EHL (1 time)
ESWL (1 time)
THC (1 time)
1989 Comparison of methods for transcatheter fragmentation of gallstones.
93  ultrasonic scanning
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DVT (1 time)
PTS (1 time)
1992 [The post-thrombotic syndrome. Description and comparison of diagnostic methods: clinical examination, venous return time, phlebography and ultrasonography].
94  Ultrasonographic localization
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HL (1 time)
1991 Technique and results of localization biopsy in a breast screening programme.
95  ultrasound
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SCOD (1 time)
TB (1 time)
UL-TB (1 time)
2020 Enhancing swine wastewater hydrolysis with thermophilic bacteria and assisted pretreatments.
96  ultrasound prelocation
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
TEE (1 time)
2005 A randomized-controlled study of ultrasound prelocation vs anatomical landmark-guided cannulation of the internal jugular vein in infants and children.
97  Ultraweak luminescence
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2001 Kinetics studies of ultraweak luminescence induced by ascorbic acid in Characeae cells and their structures.
98  umbilical lactate
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Evaluation of newborn canine viability by means of umbilical vein lactate measurement, apgar score and uterine tocodynamometry.
99  umbilical ligament
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
RSRL (1 time)
2019 Four "fine" messages from four kinds of "fine" forgotten ligaments of the anterior abdominal wall: have you heard their voices?
100  umbilical vein lactate
(1 time)
AW (1 time)
EC (1 time)
SW (1 time)
2016 Effect of intrapartum fetal stress associated with obstetrical interventions on viability and survivability of canine neonates.