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Abbreviation: UN
Appearance Frequency: 797 time(s)
Long forms: 139

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
United Nations
(252 times)
Public Health
(48 times)
WHO (45 times)
SDGs (22 times)
NGOs (15 times)
1987 Classification of dangerous substances and pesticides in the European economic community directives: a proposed revision of criteria for inhalation toxicity.
urea nitrogen
(104 times)
Nephrology
(22 times)
Cr (35 times)
UA (13 times)
TP (9 times)
1979 Vitamin D intoxication and the pathogenesis of vitamin D nephropathy in the dog.
uranyl nitrate
(50 times)
Toxicology
(16 times)
ARF (8 times)
GFR (3 times)
UN-ARF (3 times)
1975 The mechanism of acute renal failure after uranyl nitrate.
undernourished
(34 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
WN (9 times)
ACTH (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
1990 Sucrose feeding stimulates basal metabolism & nonshivering thermogenesis in undernourished rats.
undernutrition
(34 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
GH (5 times)
MHC (4 times)
CON (3 times)
1998 Diaphragm myosin heavy chain composition shifts in aging chronically-undernourished Fischer 344 male rats.
ulnar nerve
(29 times)
Neurosurgery
(5 times)
MN (7 times)
CSA (3 times)
SEP (3 times)
1984 Electrodiagnostic values through the thoracic outlet using C8 root needle studies, F-waves, and cervical somatosensory evoked potentials.
unilateral nephrectomy
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ERPF (5 times)
GFR (5 times)
STZ (3 times)
1979 Hypertrophic response of the kidney in indomethacin treated rats.
unilateral neglect
(21 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
BIT (2 times)
FIM (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
1983 Oculomotor disorders in cortical lesions in man: the role of unilateral neglect.
urease-negative
(15 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(8 times)
UPTC (14 times)
PCR (6 times)
ORFs (5 times)
2008 Genetic heterogeneity of the dnaK gene locus including transcription terminator region (TTR) in Campylobacter lari.
10  urinary nitrogen
(14 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
FFQ (3 times)
MUN (3 times)
24HR (2 times)
1979 An analysis of temporal patterns in urinary nitrogen excretion of young adults receiving constant diets at two nitrogen intakes for 8 to 11 weeks.
11  uninephrectomy
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
GFR (3 times)
RCH (3 times)
GS (1 time)
1977 Renal concentrating ability in the uninephrectomized rat.
12  urea nitrate
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
AN (7 times)
RP (2 times)
TNT (2 times)
2008 Some properties of explosive mixtures containing peroxides Part II. Relationships between detonation parameters and thermal reactivity of the mixtures with triacetone triperoxide.
13  uninfected
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
INF (3 times)
Ss (2 times)
A3G (1 time)
2002 The effect of feeding sulla (Hedysarum coronarium) or lucerne (Medicago sativa) on lamb parasite burdens and development of immunity to gastrointestinal nematodes.
14  ulnar neuropathy
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CTS (3 times)
NCS (2 times)
CBTR (1 time)
1990 The role of thoracic outlet syndrome in the double crush syndrome.
15  urea N
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AAN (3 times)
PDV (3 times)
ADLIB (1 time)
1991 Effects of mesenteric vein L-alanine infusion on liver metabolism in beef heifers fed on diets differing in forage:concentrate ratio.
16  urinary N
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
CP (2 times)
DM (2 times)
FN (2 times)
1995 Characteristic relation between dietary metabolizable energy content and digestible energy content in laboratory cats.
17  Unicem
(6 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
RX (3 times)
GC (2 times)
LM (2 times)
2007 Bonding effectiveness of adhesive luting agents to enamel and dentin.
18  untrained
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
TR (4 times)
ET (2 times)
NTS (2 times)
1989 Norepinephrine turnover in various tissues at rest and during exercise: evidence for a training effect.
19  unstructured
(5 times)
Statistics as Topic
(5 times)
MMRM (2 times)
CP (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2000 Numerical methods for the evaluation of individual bioequivalence criteria.
20  urine
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
ADFI (1 time)
ADG (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
1981 Protein requirements of preschool children: obligatory nitrogen losses and nitrogen balance measurements using cow's milk.
21  Uremic neuropathy
(4 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
ENG (2 times)
AN (1 time)
HDA (1 time)
1998 Features of uremic neuropathy in long-term dialysis.
22  ulnar
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
MN (2 times)
CD (1 time)
LP (1 time)
1991 Sympathetic skin response versus maximum motor and sensory conduction velocity to detect subclinical neuropathy in non-insulin-dependent diabetics.
23  ultrasonic nebuliser
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
JN (2 times)
PFTs (1 time)
PTB (1 time)
1997 Ultrasonic nebulization of albuterol is no more effective than jet nebulization for the treatment of acute asthma in children.
24  unanticipated
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
PP (2 times)
AN (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2001 Anticipatory effects on knee joint loading during running and cutting maneuvers.
25  undernourished group
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CFU (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2012 Perialveolar bacterial microbiota and bacteraemia after dental alveolitis in adult rats that had been subjected to neonatal malnutrition.
26  unloading
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CLEN (1 time)
EX (1 time)
2008 Role and possible mechanisms of clenbuterol in enhancing reverse remodelling during mechanical unloading in murine heart failure.
27  untreated
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
rhBMP-2 (2 times)
COL (1 time)
COLg (1 time)
1998 The effect of root surface demineralization on bone morphogenetic protein-2-induced healing of rat periodontal fenestration defects.
28  urine N
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FN (1 time)
HC (1 time)
MN (1 time)
2017 Feeding a High Concentration Diet Induces Unhealthy Alterations in the Composition and Metabolism of Ruminal Microbiota and Host Response in a Goat Model.
29  ultrasonic nebulization
(2 times)
Thoracic Diseases
(1 time)
AECOPD (1 time)
EI (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
2015 A modified nebulization modality versus classical ultrasonic nebulization and oxygen-driven nebulization in facilitating airway clearance in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomized controlled trial.
30  un-amended
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
attO157 (1 time)
BSAAO (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2014 Greenhouse gas emissions from sub-tropical agricultural soils after addition of organic by-products.
31  undifferentiated
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
DN (1 time)
PDN (1 time)
2004 Terminally differentiated SH-SY5Y cells provide a model system for studying neuroprotective effects of dopamine agonists.
32  unenhanced
(2 times)
Abdomen
(2 times)
ccRCC (2 times)
CM (2 times)
EX (2 times)
2019 Association of qualitative and quantitative imaging features on multiphasic multidetector CT with tumor grade in clear cell renal cell carcinoma.
33  uneroded samples
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
ESEM (1 time)
2017 TiF4 gel effects on tubular occlusion of eroded/abraded human dentin.
34  universal
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
SM (1 time)
2003 Species-specific primer for identification of Anopheles quadriannulatus sp. B (Diptera: Culicidae) from Ethiopia using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction assay.
35  Universal Nozzles
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
PBS (2 times)
CTV (1 time)
DN (1 time)
2012 SU-E-T-299: Proton Pencil Beam Spot Scanning Phase Space in the IBA System and the Clinical Implications for Superficial Targets.
36  unknown names
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
SN (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2014 Neural representations of the self and the mother for Chinese individuals.
37  untreated nets
(2 times)
Parasites
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
GPM (1 time)
IRS (1 time)
2008 Impact of lambdacyhalothrin capsule suspension treated bed nets on malaria in tribal villages of Malkangiri district, Orissa, India.
38  untreated normoglycemic
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
NG (2 times)
UD (2 times)
DG4 (1 time)
2007 Diabetic rats supplemented with L-glutamine: a study of immunoreactive myosin-V myenteric neurons and the proximal colonic mucosa.
39  uranine
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
IMC (1 time)
MPPC (1 time)
2010 Preparation and pharmaceutical evaluation of new sustained-release capsule including starch-sponge matrix (SSM).
40  uranium mononitride
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2015 Synthesis of phase-pure U2N3 microspheres and its decomposition into UN.
41  uranium nitride
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2013 Resonant two-photon ionization spectroscopy of jet-cooled UN: determination of the ground state.
42  usual necrosis
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ILN (2 times)
CRLM (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2012 Infarct-like necrosis: a distinct form of necrosis seen in colorectal carcinoma liver metastases treated with perioperative chemotherapy.
43  filarial-uninfected
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
INF (1 time)
2014 Parasite-antigen driven expansion of IL-5(-) and IL-5(+) Th2 human subpopulations in lymphatic filariasis and their differential dependence on IL-10 and TGFbeta.
44  fuel-uranium mononitride
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
eff (1 time)
2012 The first-principles treatment of the electron-correlation and spin-orbital effects in uranium mononitride nuclear fuels.
45  stercoralis-uninfected
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
INF (1 time)
2015 Parasite Antigen-Specific Regulation of Th1, Th2, and Th17 Responses in Strongyloides stercoralis Infection.
46  U and NCC parameters
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
NCC (1 time)
RT (1 time)
Sc (1 time)
2013 Piglet behavior as a measure of vitality and its influence on piglet survival and growth during lactation.
47  UC plus adjunctive nesiritide infusion
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
UC (1 time)
UF (1 time)
2008 Comparison of ultrafiltration, nesiritide, and usual care in acute decompensated heart failure.
48  UCP-nucleotide complex
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
UCP (1 time)
1998 Slow-phase kinetics of nucleotide binding to the uncoupling protein from brown adipose tissue mitochondria.
49  Ulnar neuritis
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HO (1 time)
2016 Ulnar neuritis after open elbow arthrolysis combined with ulnar nerve subcutaneous transposition for post-traumatic elbow stiffness: outcome and risk factors.
50  Ultrasound Needling
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2017 Ultrasound guided Needling vs Radial Shockwave Therapy in calcific tendinitis of the shoulder: A prospective randomized trial.
51  umbilicus to nipple
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
USp (1 time)
UVC (1 time)
2015 Simple measurements to place umbilical catheters using surface anatomy.
52  unambiguous nouns
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
AV (1 time)
CDR (1 time)
2017 EEG source reconstruction evidence for the noun-verb neural dissociation along semantic dimensions.
53  uncemented
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
HHS (1 time)
THA (1 time)
2019 Cemented versus uncemented femoral component total hip arthroplasty in elderly patients with primary osteoporosis: retrospective analysis with 5-year follow-up.
54  unchanged
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
EX (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2014 The role of small vessel disease in re-exacerbation of stroke symptoms within 24 hours after tissue plasminogen activator infusion.
55  uncontrollable noise
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AVP (1 time)
CN (1 time)
OT (1 time)
1990 Psychological stress of exposure to uncontrollable noise increases plasma oxytocin in high emotionality women.
56  underlay
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MSCs (1 time)
ON (1 time)
2016 Cell-coating affects tissue integration of synthetic and biologic meshes: comparative analysis of the onlay and underlay mesh positioning in rats.
57  undernutrition group
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Fetal malnutrition affects hypothalamic leptin receptor expression after birth in male mice.
58  undernutrition with low birth weight
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IGT (1 time)
UN-UN (1 time)
2006 A thin phenotype is protective for impaired glucose tolerance and related to low birth weight in mice.
59  underweight, nonsmoking mothers
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NN (1 time)
NS (1 time)
ON (1 time)
2015 Childhood growth trajectories according to combinations of pregestational weight status and maternal smoking during pregnancy: a multilevel analysis.
60  Unexpected
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
KN (1 time)
MDF (1 time)
PIL (1 time)
2017 Mass defect filtering-oriented classification and precursor ions list-triggered high-resolution mass spectrometry analysis for the discovery of indole alkaloids from Uncaria sinensis.
61  Unexposed
(1 time)
Embryology
(1 time)
BCB (1 time)
CG (1 time)
2017 Selection of porcine oocytes in vitro through brilliant cresyl blue staining in distinct incubation media.
62  unfamiliar name
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
ERPs (1 time)
GCS (1 time)
2017 Cognitive Event-Related Potentials during the Sub-Acute Phase of Severe Traumatic Brain Injury and Their Relationship to Outcome.
63  unfamiliar negative
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
EDPS (1 time)
ON (1 time)
2012 Maternal affect and quality of parenting experiences are related to amygdala response to infant faces.
64  unfastened noseband
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CAUN (1 time)
HCAUN (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
2016 The Effect of Noseband Tightening on Horses' Behavior, Eye Temperature, and Cardiac Responses.
65  unfinished
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MeP (1 time)
SR (1 time)
1989 Laundry parameters as factors in lowering methyl parathion residue in cotton/polyester fabrics.
66  unfolding, deltaG
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Differential salt-induced stabilization of structure in the initial folding intermediate ensemble of barstar.
67  UNFPA
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
C/S (1 time)
CFR (1 time)
EOC (1 time)
2005 Are process indicators adequate to assess essential obstetric care at district level?--a case study from Rufiji district, Tanzania.
68  UNFPA/WHO
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
BEmOC (1 time)
CEmOC (1 time)
EmOC (1 time)
2005 Availability, distribution and use of emergency obstetric care in northern Tanzania.
69  unhandled
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
IA (1 time)
IH (1 time)
2013 Time-dependent changes in glucose and insulin regulation during intermittent hypoxia and continuous hypoxia.
70  unhandled controls
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NAc (1 time)
2016 Regulation of nucleus accumbens transcript levels in mice by early-life social stress and cocaine.
71  Unhydrolysed pea protein
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
--- 2017 Improving functional properties of pea protein isolate for microencapsulation of flaxseed oil.
72  Unicem Aplicap
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
BR (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2010 Effect of self-adhesive resin cement and tribochemical treatment on bond strength to zirconia.
73  Unicem Capsule
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ARI (1 time)
EC (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2013 Effect of activation mode on shear bond strength of metallic brackets.
74  uniconazole
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
6-BA (1 time)
CA (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2015 Environmentally Friendly Method: Development and Application to Carbon Aerogel as Sorbent for Solid-Phase Extraction.
75  unidentified nitrogen
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
RNS (1 time)
2004 Formation of unidentified nitrogen in plants: an implication for a novel nitrogen metabolism.
76  Unifil Bond/GC
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AS (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2008 Bond strength of a resin cement to dentin using the resin coating technique.
77  Unifil core EM
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DC (1 time)
TBS (1 time)
TD (1 time)
2016 Bond performance of "Touch and Cure" adhesives on resin core systems.
78  Unifill Bond
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BE (1 time)
DE (1 time)
DU (1 time)
2008 Effect of commercially available bonding agents impregnated with fibers on bending strength of hybrid resin.
79  Uniformity
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
BMY (1 time)
BWG (1 time)
2019 Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CECT 5940 alone or in combination with antibiotic growth promoters improves performance in broilers under enteric pathogen challenge.
80  unilateral hip movement
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Abnormal volitional hip torque phasing and hip impairments in gait post stroke.
81  unilateral narrow
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
CCGs (1 time)
CW (1 time)
MGB (1 time)
2000 Neuronal connections in the medial geniculate body of the guinea-pig.
82  unilateral neglect patients
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Learning spatial sequences in unilateral neglect.
83  Unilateral Notch
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
BN (1 time)
NIHL (1 time)
NN (1 time)
2015 Feasibility of a bilateral 4000-6000 Hz notch as a phenotype for genetic association analysis.
84  Unimag
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
PC (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2005 [Microbiological investigations and studies of phagocytic activities of peripheral neutrophils during the treatment of parodontitis by Unimag].
85  unimanual with the healthy limb
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
UP (1 time)
2013 Changes in bimanual coordination during the first 6 weeks after moderate hemiparetic stroke.
86  uninephrectomized
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CEI (1 time)
GS (1 time)
SBP (1 time)
1987 Converting enzyme inhibition and progressive glomerulosclerosis in the rat.
87  uninephrectomized rats
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ISOP (1 time)
LCa (1 time)
1985 Renin release from nonclipped kidneys of 2K-1C hypertensive rats.
88  uninephrectomized salt-treated
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ALDO (1 time)
PBMCs (1 time)
UO (1 time)
2003 Aldosteronism: an immunostimulatory state precedes proinflammatory/fibrogenic cardiac phenotype.
89  uninformative BRCA-negative
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
VUS (1 time)
2013 Variants of uncertain significance in BRCA testing: evaluation of surgical decisions, risk perception, and cancer distress.
90  uninjected
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
DRL (1 time)
GD7 (1 time)
1995 Behavioral and developmental changes associated with prenatal opiate receptor blockade.
91  uninjured
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ACSA (1 time)
GM (1 time)
Lf (1 time)
1998 Changes in human muscle architecture in disuse-atrophy evaluated by ultrasound imaging.
92  uninjured rats
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
ILI (1 time)
IN (1 time)
2008 The effects of a 785-nm AlGaInP laser on the regeneration of rat anterior tibialis muscle after surgically-induced injury.
93  uninstrumented
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
4-AP (1 time)
DEMG (1 time)
ECoG (1 time)
1997 Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of 4-aminopyridine in awake guinea pigs.
94  uninsulated
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
IN (1 time)
MT-b (1 time)
WS (1 time)
2003 Fender design and insulation of farrowing huts: effects on performance of outdoor sows and piglets.
95  uninsured
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
LEVIs (1 time)
NTDB (1 time)
2011 Lower extremity vascular injuries: increased mortality for minorities and the uninsured?
96  Unisis
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
HK (1 time)
2015 Objective and subjective comparison of the visibility of three echogenic needles and a nonechogenic needle on older ultrasound devices.
97  unitary narcosis
(1 time)
Environmental Pollution
(1 time)
AFL (1 time)
CHCs (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2012 Physical and physicochemical factors effecting transport of chlorohydrocarbon gases from lung alveolar air to blood as measured by the causation of narcosis.
98  United Nations Organisation
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
MDGs (1 time)
2008 [Appraisal of the Millennium Development Goals by means of a review of the scientific literature in 2008].
99  university
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
PH (1 time)
2002 [Work and health conditions at a Venezuelan university].
100  University of Nottingham
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
3He (1 time)
ADC (1 time)
UVA (1 time)
2005 Detection of age-dependent changes in healthy adult lungs with diffusion-weighted 3He MRI.